Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009

JDAE Articles in press

Effect of Coronavirus on Students’ Food Security Status: A Case of University of Cape Coast, Ghana

Article in Press

Coronavirus is a novel virus that hit the world starting from developed countries to under-developed countries. Ghana is amongst the countries in Africa that observed some level of confinement by their government leading to the shutdown of various institutions including schools. The resulting impact of the policy saw students being more vulnerable to food insecurity and related issues. This paper examines the effect of...

Author(s):Selorm Omega, Alexander T.K. Nuer, Comfort Mathew, Abel Abah, Blessing Mathew, Peter K. Omega

Determinants of Market Participation and Intensity in Western Ethiopia: Evidence from Smallholder Tef Producers

Article in Press

Tef is the most common crop produced in Ethiopia. It is the main stable food as well as income generation source. Though tef production is interesting, its productivity is low due to different tef production and market factors. The objective of this paper was to identify factors affecting tef market participation decision and level of market participation of tef producers. For this study, a multi-stage sampling technique...

Author(s):Degefa Kifle, Getachew Biru, Galmesa Abebe

Adoption of Improved Chickpea Technologies in the Northern Western Ethiopian Highlands

Article in Press

Efforts have been made on promoting improved chickpea technologies. However, the result is not that much impressive. This study aimed to analyze drivers of technology adoption. 224 respondents were used for this study. Multivariate Probit (MVP) and Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) models were employed. The results from MVP model, marginal success probability of adoption decision were 60%, 19%, and 17% for a variety,...

Author(s):Wale Mesfin Fenta Workneh Kassa Tessema Akalu Teshome Firew

Human Capital Development, Employment and Economic Growth in Nigeria

Article in Press

Human Capital Development has been the crux of any nation’s development and it has lasting benefits and spiral effects. Nigeria has witnessed increased economic growth without a corresponding increase in employment and human capital development indicators. It is on this ground that, the study set to examine the effect of human capital development on economic growth through employment in Nigeria from 1986 to 2019. The study...

Author(s):Gaius Asombo, Gbatsoron Anjande, Dennis Nomor, Victor Ijirshar, Florence Bundepuun

Determinants of farmers’ decision to join farmer’s groups. A case of smallholder maize farmers in Uganda

Article in Press

This study aimed at determining the current level of group membership and the determinants of farmers’ decision to join farmers’ groups in Uganda. Using multistage and simple random sampling techniques, we collected data from 374 maize farmers in Kiryandongo district, western Uganda. Data collection involved interviews between the trained enumerators and the farmers. Data were then entered into SPSS template and then...

Author(s):Midamba Dick Chune, Atukunda Bwesigye Obrine, Ogei Kizito, Alela Beatrice, Mary Kwesiga, Robert Kenneth Alia

Determinants of Wheat Producers Market Outlet Choice in Debre Elias District, North Western Ethiopia: A Multivariate Probit Regression Analysis

Article in Press

The study was conducted to identify the major wheat market channels and analyze determinants of wheat producers’ market outlet choice decision in Debre Elias Woreda of rural Ethiopia. The study used a cross sectional research design to address the intended problem. The data was obtained from primary sources which were collected from a total of 210 respondents selected by using random sampling technique for both producers...

Author(s):Simeneh Getie Yalew, Bosena Tegegne and Mengistu Ketema

Diffusion of water harvesting for rainfed agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: Case of zaï practice in Burkina Faso

Article in Press

After the droughts of the 1970s, the so called zaï technique (small water harvesting pits), which is a water harvesting technique, has been promoted to farmers in several Sahelian countries to allow rainfed crops to adapt to dry spells. Its temporal diffusion remains a subject of little research. This study highlights the determinants of zaï diffusion in the Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian zones in Burkina Faso. It is based...

Author(s):Beteo Zongo, Bruno Barbier, Omer S. Combary, Abdoulaye Diarra, Rahim Ouédraogo, Abdouramane Gado Djibo, Souleymane Ouédraogo, Patrice Toé, Yacouba Hamma and Thomas Dogot

External Debt as a control of Ethiopian economic progress: A Time Series Analysis from 1991/92-2018/19

Article in Press

The aim of this paper is to analyze the contribution of Public foreign Debt for Ethiopian economic growth from 1991/92 to 2018/19 using ARDL model. The result indicates that debt service payment and debt service export earnings ratio has adverse effect though it’s trivial in Ethiopian economic growth while the total public foreign debt stock to real GDP has a negative and substantial consequence on real GDP. ADF test...

Author(s):Mengistu Negussie, Malefiya Ebabu Tekea

Technical and economic repository for the collection and transport of raw milk in Niger.

Article in Press

The aim is to provide actors (Raw milk collectors and processors) in the collection and processing link of the milk value chain with a tool to support activity in a simple and precise manner. The process described here is based on taking (collecting) raw milk from the production area to the processing and /or marketing area. The source of raw milk supply is the agro-pastoralist farms in rural areas. The considered...

Author(s):Yahoussa Gambo, Mamadou Sarr, Salissou Issa, Malam Maman M. Nafiou

An empirical assessment of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on household poverty: The case of Ethiopia

Article in Press

Currently, a total of 287,184 COVID-19 cases and 4482 deaths have been recorded in Ethiopia, still with a distressing incremental distribution rate. Despite the current fast spread and the inadequate responses of government, organizations, and peoples, the pandemic COVID-19 impacts further trigger the social, political, and economic complexity, which induce the slowdown of economic growth plus the current economic crises...

Author(s):Yimam Seid Damtew

Effect of agricultural credit rationing on repayment Performance: a two stage tobit regression

Article in Press

The risk in extending agricultural credit is the probability that future payment by the beneficiary will not be made. Moreover, past studies on agricultural credit repayment among farmers stressed that high default rate is a growing concern, and hence, lending to farmers by financial institutions is beginning to prove very difficult. However, past studies showed increasing focus of attention on socio-economic...

Author(s):Olagunju FI, Adeojo RJ, Oriade AO, Awe TE

Milk Market Participation Decision of Households in Asayita District of Afar Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A total of 123 sample respondents was selected using two stage random sampling procedure to collect primary data via interview-based questionnaire. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistical tools and econometrics models (Probit mode). Results revealed that, 58.54% of the respondents did not participate in cow milk market supply, while 41.46% participated in the milk market by supplying different quantities of cow...

Author(s):Getachew Wollie Asmare

A critical analysis of factors influencing child labour in onion production, Ghana

Article in Press

The incidence of child labor in onion farming in Garu has received less attention at the local and national levels. The study examined factors influencing child labor in onion production in Garu in the Upper East Region of Ghana. Primary data were collected from the onion farmers, children involved in onion farming, staff of institutions responsible for ensuring the welfare of children and teachers in Garu-Tempane...

Author(s):Ganiyu Latif, Emmanuel Idemudia Ilori, Feruzah Wuniche Salisu

An Impact Assessment of Agriculture Technological Transfer from China to West Africa: A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Dynamic Approach

Article in Press

China’s presence and influence in West Africa is on the rise, given China’s colossal investment in the sub-region’s economy. It is against this background that am impact assessment is conducted by measuring the deviation between the baseline equilibrium against the policy scenarios of low and high agriculture technology transfer. The results of the study exemplify that for an effective impact on agriculture technology...

Author(s):Christopher Belford, Huang Delin, Ebrima Ceesay, Ahmed Yosri Nasi, Jonga Rutendo Happy,Lang Sanyang.

Domestic Remittance: Does it Widen or Close the Income Inequality Gap in the Rural Farming Households in Oyo State Nigeria

Article in Press

The study in this paper investigated the remittance receipts, income sources, total income, poverty status, and the drivers of poverty among yam farming households in Oyo State. A multistage sampling procedure was employed to select 243 rural yam farmers. A questionnaire was used to generate the data used and then analysed using descriptive statistics, Gini coefficients, the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) poverty measure,...

Author(s):Esther T. Tolorunju, Chioma P. Adekunle, Solomon O. Oladeji, Tolulope B. Ogunleye

Effects of Regional Trade Policy on Tariff Revenue: Evidence from Latent Gains/Losses by Nigeria

Article in Press

The study identified all Nigeria’s products of trade, with a view to ascertaining and computing volumes of net trade and corresponding latent gains and or losses sustained in pursuit of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) trade policy objectives. Data were soured from United Nations Commodity Trade (UNComtrade), via Trade Analysis and Information System Window. The inherent most-favored-nations tariffs were...

Author(s):Trade Policy, Tariff, Net Trade, Revenue Gains/Losses.

Determinants of microcredit use among small-scale farmers in Ethiopia: Evidence from Raya kobo Woreda, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Introduction: most developing countries rely on agriculture for employment creation and income generating activities and the output from agriculture is also high compared to other sectors of the economy. However access to microcredit service is the bottle neck problem and this study addresses the determinants of micro-credit use among small-scale farmers in Ethiopia at a specific woreda of Raya kobo. Methodology: This...

Author(s):Abate Belaye Tefera

The diversification of global agribusiness trade from 2000-2019

Article in Press

Agricultural trade is closely interconnected with a range of food security and development related issues in the case of developing countries. In this regard, diversification of both trade partners and products traded can play an important role in terms of strengthening food security concerning imports, but also as a means to create a more resilient basket of exports. This article analyses the diversification of global...

Author(s):Cinthia Cabral da Costa, Niels Søndergaard, Marcos Sawaya Jank,

Agricultural services on the Demand and Supply for improving agricultural productivity in Benin

Article in Press

The Beninese government has undertaken far-reaching reforms in the agricultural service supply in Benin since 2016. The objective of the article was to assess the level of satisfaction of the agricultural services supply and demand and to analyse the determinants of the level of satisfaction of agricultural services in Benin. The primary data used provided from entire national territory by taking into account all...

Author(s):C. Hervé Sossou, Elysée M. Houedjofonon, Victor Codjo, Daniel M. Noukpozounkou, Nestor R. Ahoyo Adjovi

Smallholder Dairy Farming Characterization, Typologies, And Determinants In Nakuru And Nyandarua Counties, Kenya

Article in Press

Kenya's dairy industry is the largest and one of the most successful in Africa. Private sector dominates the sector and milk production is majorly from small-scale farms. Despite the policies in place for the dairy subsector, smallholder dairy farmers in Kenya still exhibit poor economic status mostly attributed to inefficiencies and inadequacies in production and commercialization that differs from farmer to farmer. This...

Author(s):Geoffrey Ochieng Otieno, Kavoi Mutuku Muendo and Robert Matwete Mbeche

Economic Impact of DroughtTEGO® Hybrid Maize in Kenya

Article in Press

This paper utilizes the Economic Surplus Model (ESM) to provide an ex-post evaluation of the economic impact of drought tolerant hybrid maize technology in Kenya. Results indicate that the adoption of DroughtTEGO® varieties will generate economic benefit to producers with a net present value of US$ 2.1 billion over a 20-year period. These benefits are sustainable when adoption levels remain above 32% and yield advantage at...

Author(s):Willy Daniel Kyalo, Ibrahim Macharia, George Marechera, Grace Muinga,Steven Mugo, Ruth Khasaya Oniang'o, Ruth Rotich, James Karanja, Caleb Obunyali and Sylvester Oikeh

Factors Affecting the Choice of Adaptation Strategies to Climate Extremes: A Case Study of Smallholder farmers in Southern Zambia

Article in Press

In Zambia, droughts and floods have increased both in frequency and intensity. The main objective of this study was to assess smallholder farmers adaptation to climate extremes and the determinants in Southern Zambia. A total of 270 smallholder farmers were sampled using Cochran’s single proportion method and primary data was collected using structured questionnaires. The study results showed that the majority of the...

Author(s):Kiru Sichoongwe and Jinxia Wang

Tackling Expected Poverty among Maize Farmers in Northern Ghana: The Role of Weedicide Adoption

Article in Press

The study investigated the effect of weedicide adoption on households’ chances of being transiently and chronically poor, using a panel data from the three rounds of the Northern Region maize farmers’ survey undertaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011 by the Innovation for Poverty Action. A sample of 1017 households was used for this study. The ex-ante mean and variance consumption were estimated by applying the three-stage Feasible...

Author(s): Afful Benedict

Effect of Healthcare Accessibility on Cocoa Farmers' Food Security in Ondo State, Nigeria

Article in Press

Effect of healthcare accessibility on cocoa farmers’ food security explored latest research from the economic, medical and food security literature concerning the eminence of care, physical accessibility, cost, availability of the right type of care for those in need, and its significances on food security, with a focus on healthcare personnel availability. A multistage (five-stage) sampling procedure was employed to...

Author(s): Ajayi Oluwabukola Esther, Olajide O. Adeola

Factors Affecting Loan Repayment Performance of Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Microfinance Institutions in Toke Kutaye District, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The main purpose of this study was to identify the factors determining loan repayment performance of smallholder farmers; and to evaluate the based performance of the Microfinance Institutions operating in Toke Kutaye district. To select sample respondents for the study, multi-stage sampling method was used. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaires from 122 randomly selected smallholder farmer clients....

Author(s):Dawit Dandano

What influences uptake of alternative pest management practices by potato farmers? Evidence from six counties in Kenya

Article in Press

Potato pest and disease management has been dominated by chemical pesticides, despite their undesirable effects on the environment, food safety and human health. This study explores factors influencing intensity of uptake of alternative pest management practices among potato farmers in Kenya, through a survey of 1,002 farmers in six main potato growing counties in the country. A Poisson count model was used to determine...

Author(s):Mugambi Idah Karambu

Assessment of non-timber forest products utilization in Kwabaktina forest reserve, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Article in Press

This study assessed Non-Timber Forest Products utilization in Kwabaktina Forest Reserve, Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State. Data were collected through semi-structured questionnaire, field observation, personal interview and focused group discussion. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. The findings revealed some available NTFPs in the study area which included: Borassus fruit,...

Author(s): Sambe Leoskali

Evaluation of the Resource Efficiency of Guinea Fowl Production in the Savelegu-Nanton District of the Northern Region of Ghana

Article in Press

Guinea fowl production offers an income source that could reduce the incidence of poverty of rural householders in Northern Ghana, considered one of the poorest regions in West Africa, due to its unimodal rainfall patterns that restrict the year-round production of crops. However, information on profitability and resource use in guinea fowl production in Northern Ghana is very limited. We assessed the resource-use...

Author(s):Anaman Kwabena Asomanin

Modernization of family farms improves the sustainability of food security for farm households in Burkina Faso

Article in Press

Family farms are poorly modernized in Burkina Faso despite their predominance in the country’s agriculture and their major contribution to national food production. Convincing evidence of the contribution of family farm modernization to food security is needed to support advocacy. This study used data from recent national longitudinal surveys and Cox semi-parametric regression methods to explore the effect of factors of...

Author(s):Bougma Moussa

Outcomes of Block Farm Program on Income and Food Security among Smallholders’ Households in Northern Ghana

Article in Press

The government of Ghana implemented the Block Farm Program (BFP) as a policy response to high food insecurity among households. The program was implemented to increase smallholders’ income through increased crop production, and by extension improve household food security. The program supported beneficiary farmers to produce maize, rice, and soybeans, which are considered as food security and income generating crops. ...

Author(s):Kwaku Dei Antwi

Determinants of Irrigation Participation Decision of Female in Ethiopia; Accessibility Matters (In West Shewa Zone, Bako Tibe Woreda)

Article in Press

In almost every country women tend to participate in labor force less likely than men due to many reasons. However, there is also gap among females themselves on how much time they spend on labor time attributable to age, education and any characteristics of females. The study assessed determinants of female irrigation participation using probit model based up on data obtained from sampled population of randomly selected...

Author(s):Fayisa Tasfaye Fikadu

Determinants of Savings among Rice Farmers in Lafia Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria : A Double-Hurdle Model Approach

Article in Press

The level of savings in Nigeria is low despite its significance in supporting the growth of rural enterprises. This study uses a double-hurdle model regression approach in assessing the drivers of rice farmers’ savings. The objectives of the study were to estimate farmers’ cash and kind savings, and determine the factors that influence the decision to save as well as the level of savings. Data were collected using a...

Author(s):Saleh Abdulkarim Onah

Wheat Marketing and Level of Wheat Production The Case of Tiyo woreda, Oromia Region, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Objectives:The major objective of this research is assessment wheat marketing determinants in Tiyo Woreda of Oromia regions, Ethiopia. Methods: Both primary and secondary data collected from the farm households, different publications, from woreda office, etc used in the study. The qualitative and quantitative data were mixed in a single study using mixed method research approach. The total of 70 sample size were...

Author(s):Gelgelu Guye Deksiso

Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Growth for South Africa’s Table Grape Regions: Evidence from Panel Data (2009-2017)

Article in Press

This paper endeavours to investigate agricultural productivity growth of table grapes in South Africa as there is a paucity of literature on the subject. Using panel data from five table grape growing regions in South Africa for the years 2009 to 2017, we estimate the constituents of total factor productivity (TFP) using the Malmquist index through the application of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method with distance...

Author(s):Lindikaya Myeki, Thulasizwe Mkhabela, Sifiso Ntombela, Bonani Nyhodo

Determinants of Market Exit Choice among Small Beef Cattle Producers: Evidence from Ethiopia's West Hararghe Zone

Article in Press

Choosing the appropriate marketing channels from existing ones to distribute agricultural production is not a simple task, as there are a number of factors that influence producers to choose such relevant channels. Thus, the present study was designed to examine the factors affecting the choice of market exit among small producers of beef cattle in the West Hararghe area of Ethiopia. The multistage sampling technique was...

Author(s):Adunea Dinku

Market chain analysis of teff in southwest shewa zone

Article in Press

Teff accounts for the largest share of the cultivated area and the major cash crops grown mainly for market in the study area. But the nature of the product on one hand and lack of properly functioning marketing system on the other often resulted in lower producers’ price. So that, this research attempted to analyze the market chain of teff in Tole woreda Oromia Region of Ethiopia with specific objective of assessing...

Author(s):Tariku Lagese

Determination of input-output coefficients for tef under Smallholders production System in Ethiopia: - Case of the higher potential districts

Article in Press

The cost-benefit analysis was often used to assess the profitability and estimate the sensitivity of the production system. In this study, we investigate the costs and benefits associated with the smallholder production system for the high potential district of tef. Among cereals, Tef (Eragrostis tef) is indigenous to Ethiopia in its origin and it is an important crop in the Ethiopian smallholder production system because...

Author(s):Aklilu Nigussie

Drivers of adaptation to climate change in vulnerable farming communities. A micro analysis of rice farmers in Ndop, Cameroon.

Article in Press

Farmers in developing economies, often struggle to adapt to climate change and their decision to adapt usually hinges on prevailing socio-economic factors. Some of these factors are explored in this paper, using primary data from rice farmers in 138 households in Ndop, Northwest region, Cameroon. We employ the logistics regression model to investigate the factors that control farmers’ decision to adapt to climate change....

Author(s):Nde Ivo Zama, Lan Fang and Eric Fru Zama

Decomposition of gender differentials in agricultural productivity: the case Aira District in West Wollega Zone Oromia National Regional State Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study focused on decomposion of gender differential on agricultural productivity. The agricultural productivity difference between male and female headed households was about 57.18% in the study area. On the other hand, if female headed households had equal access to the inputs as male headed households, gross value of the output would be higher by 18.82% for female headed households. This may suggest that female...

Author(s):Bacha Gebissa Negeri

Factors Affecting Mango Fruit Market Outlet Choice among Smallholder Farmers in Hadero Tunito Zuriya District of Southern Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Choosing the right market outlet for fruit marketing in general and mango marketing in particular has significant contribution to the livelihood of small scale farmers. However, various problems constrain farmers from accessing appropriate market outlets for their mango produce. By taking these issues into consideration, this study was undertaken with the objective of identifying determinants of mango fruit market outlet...

Author(s):Derebe Ermias, Nega Afera and Mebrahatom Medhane

Nairobi Chickens are Very Busy

Article in Press

Poultry farming, Nairobi, Economics

Author(s):ANGELA R PASHAYAN

Economic and Yield Assessment of Maize Varieties under Recommended and Double Plant Population Densities

Article in Press

Attempts have been made to increase maize productivity and yield in Nigeria by doubling the recommended population density under the same agronomic practices but with an additional 50% increase in fertilizer application. However, the prevailing cost of farm labour, the market price of other inputs and output will determine the benefit. Therefore, this study was to assess the economic benefit of using double population...

Author(s):Egbetokun Olugbenga Aderemi

Evaluation of the effect of Fadama iii programme on the livelihood of women farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The study sought to assess the effect of FADAMA III programme on the livelihood of women farmers in Anambra State. The study focused mainly on the activities of FADAMA III programme that supported women farmers relative to income, savings, household expenditure of women farmers, farm asset and non-farm asset acquisition which reflects the livelihood of women farmers. A total of 363 women farmers were selected for the study...

Author(s):Onyekachi Onuoha and Ekoh Rejoice

Determinants of Participation in Non-farm Activities: Evidence from Rural Areas of Bangladesh

Article in Press

This paper examines the determinants of participation in non-farm activities in rural areas of Bangladesh using cross sectional data collected from twelve villages of three districts of Bangladesh. Both descriptive statistics and an econometric model are employed to analyze the data. Multinomial Logitic model is used to find out the determinants of participation in non-farm activities. In this regard, there have been...

Author(s):Nasir Ahmmed Majumder Muhammed

Impact of Climate Change on Paddy Production: Evidence from a Developing South Asian Economy

Article in Press

The objective of this study was to estimate the relationship between paddy yields and climatic variables using national-level time series data. ARDL Bound test and Granger non-causality tests were performed. The overall findings reveal that three climate variables have substantial effects on the rice yield. The study finds that cointegration exists in the rice yields-maximum temperature-minimum temperature-rain falls...

Author(s):Niranjan Devkota and Nirash Paija

The relationship between poultry producers and their integrators: a case of West Region of Paraná, Brazil

Article in Press

Poultry activity has a high productivity with very specific assets and represents an outstanding role in the Brazilian economic scenario. Its performance on this sector became Brazil the second largest producer in the world, and the world's largest exporter of chicken meat. This national production is concentrated in the Southern region of the country, leading by the State of Paraná, mainly in the West Region, where...

Author(s):Mirian Beatriz Schneider, Celso José Farias, Alain Hernández Santoyo and Dietrich Darr

Economic viability of milk-a case study of milk producers belonging to weaker section in Bichpuri block of Agra

Article in Press

Dairying plays a greater role in economic life of marginal farmers and landless labourers. As a supplementary enterprise to crop production, it constitutes a significant source of augmenting income in the rural sector in general and for weaker section in particular. The paper examines the cost incurred and profit generated by milk producers belonging to weaker section viz., marginal farmers and landless labourers in...

Author(s):Meenakshi Gupta and Vikas Sharma

Impact of Rural Finance Institution (RUFIN) Services in Reducing Rural Farming Household Poverty in Anambra State, Nigeria

Article in Press

Poverty rate is one of the indicators for measuring how a country is growing or developing. In a bid to help reduce the poverty rate in the country, International Fund for Agricultural Development in collaboration with the Federal Government of Nigeira introduced Rural Finance Institution (RUFIN). RUFIN is a programme designed to reduce poverty among rural households. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the...

Author(s):

The impact of WFP aid on the livelihoods of communal farmers in ward 4 of Mwenezi district

Article in Press

The main objective of the study was to determine the impact of WFP (World Food Programme) aid on the livelihoods of communal farmers in Mwenezi District. A sample of 40 farmers was selected from two villages in the ward that is 20 non-beneficiary of WFP aid and 20 beneficiaries of WFP. Data was collected by use of self-structured questionnaires and analyzed in SPSS. Analytical tools such as gross margin analysis and t-test...

Author(s):Madhobi Emelita and Chimbwanda Florence

The Role of Natural Resources for Sustaining Food Security: A Review

Article in Press

Natural resources can generate and sustain growth, thereby reducing poverty as well as maintain natural environment balance as well as offer life supporting services for all organisms living on the planet. Well managed natural resources are expected to contribute to income and food security improvement in rural populations. However, food insecurity is the main obstacle to natural resource management in developing...

Author(s):

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