Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009

JDAE Articles in press

Article in Press

The Role of Natural Resources for Sustaining Food Security: A Review

Natural resources can generate and sustain growth, thereby reducing poverty as well as maintain natural environment balance as well as offer life supporting services for all organisms living on the planet. Well managed natural resources are expected to contribute to income and food security improvement in rural populations. However, food insecurity is the main obstacle to natural resource management in developing...

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Article in Press

Market Chain Analysis of Lowland Bamboo Products: The Case of Asossa Zone, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to analyze market chain of lowland bamboo products from Homosha district. Primary data were collected through household survey, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, market assessment and stakeholder consultation workshops. Data were collected from 124 bamboo harvester household heads), 10 local traders, 11 craftspersons and 30 end users randomly selected in three kebeles were analyzed...

Author(s):Fayera Bakala

Article in Press

Decent Rural Employment in different farming systems in Tanzania

The agricultural sector in developing countries plays a vital role in providing food security as well as employment opportunities to the rural population. The present study examines how a decent quality of rural employment can be associated with the efficiency of smallholder farmers in Tanzania within diversified farming systems. While labour is considered an input in the production process, various forms of labour are...

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Article in Press

Determinants of rural households’ use of informal financial services in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Ethiopia

Abstract This study was to identify factors affecting rural households’ use of informal financial services in selected woredas of Gamo Gofa zone. Multistage sampling techniques were followed to select study zone and woreda through purposive and simple random sampling respectively while Kebeles and respondents of the study were selected through simple random sampling and snow ball sampling. Data collected on household...

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Article in Press

Impact of Warehouse Receipt System on Access to Market of Smallholder Maize Farmers in the Northern Region of Ghana

The purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of warehouse receipt system (WRS) on output market of smallholder maize farmers in the Northern region of Ghana. Data was collected from 400 randomly selected maize farmers in six communities in the Northern Region. Apart from descriptive statistics, endogenous switching regression model (ESRM) and propensity score matching (PSM) were used for the analysis of data....

Author(s):Nana Kofi Safo, Irene Susana Egyir and Anim Henry Somuah

Article in Press

Integration of Post-Harvest Management in Policy and Strategies to Minimise Post Harvest Losses in Lesotho

Despite global efforts to increase food availability and curb high incidence of malnutrition in Africa, there are concerns with regard to high post-harvest losses in Africa. Lesotho like most countries in sub-Saharan Africa faces documented challenges with food insecurity and nutrition. Food availability could be increased by reduction of post-harvest losses without further exploitation of resources. Mitigation of...

Author(s):Brian Muroyiwa, Liako Shokopa, Puseletso Likoetla and Montoeli Rantlo

Article in Press

Determinants of observed poverty among smallholder French beans farmers in Kirinyaga County, Kenya

The study determined factors affecting observed poverty among French beans farmers in Kirinyaga County, Kenya. Results show that 72.6 percent of French beans farmers were poor. Relative to the poor households, non-poor had the highest net French beans income per acre (KES 24,133), total net crop income (KES 150,608), total net livestock income (KES 21,674) and off-farm income (KES 198,070). Aversion to risks (P = 0.051|β =...

Author(s):Noah Kibet, Job Lagat and Gideon Obare

Article in Press

Drivers of market based smallholder commercialisation: the case of highland pulse growers in Arsi Zone, Ethiopia

Several researchers have shown in their study the impacts of the transition from subsistence to commercialised agricultural system in farmer welfare improvements through specialisation, nutritional change, social and economic development at household level as well as regional and national level. This study investigated the main drivers of the commercialisation process of highland pulse producers using the order logit...

Author(s):Mesay Yami, Bedada Begna and Tamene Temesgen

Article in Press

Determinants of Adoption of Improved Beekeeping Technologies in West Shewa and Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Improved technologies in beekeeping have brought over decades in the country. However, it has been observed that improving the rural household income by adopting modern beekeeping technologies is still a challenge despite these technological advances. This is due to the relative slow adaption rates of the new technologies. Therefore this study was, designed to find out the determinant factors of adoption of improved...

Author(s):Ajabush Dafar and Lalisa Wandimu

Article in Press

Valuation of Plectranthus edulis (Vatke) in Wolayta Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia: Farmers' Willingness to Pay for the Conservation of the Landrace

In Ethiopia, Plectranthus edulis one of the important tuber crops of the genus Plectranthus. The plant is also one of the traditional root crops in Wolayta area. However, currently, the local farmers seem to give less attention to the crop and tend to give more preference to other root crops. So, to identify the current status and conservation challenges of the species, a survey was carried out in selected districts (and...

Author(s):Mohammed Adefa Seid, Kiflu Tarekegn, Biniam Goshu and Tahir Nura

Article in Press

Rural nonfarm activity Income Diversification among Smallholder Farmers in Deber Elias Woreda, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

This research was carried out with the aim examining and understanding the different nonfarm activity diversification strategies pursued by the households in Deber Elias Woreda. A multi stage sampling procedure was employed to select 120 households. First the Woreda Kebeles are stratified in to three region based on the agro ecology. From each stratum, three sample target kebeles and respective villages selected for data...

Author(s):Mezgebu Aynalem, Habtamu Mossie and Mohammd Adem

Article in Press

Sesame Production Efficiencies and its Inefficiency Sources among Large-scale Producers in Kafta Humera District, Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia: Non-parametric approach

This study analyzed production efficiency and sources of inefficiency differentials of sesame in Kafta Humera district of Tigray region, Ethiopia. It was specifically aimed to address the research gaps by measuring technical, allocative and economic efficiencies and their sources of inefficiency differentials of sesame in Kafta Humera District. For addressing these objectives this study used primary and secondary data...

Author(s):Gebrealif

Article in Press

Determinants of access to credit by cocoa farmers in Osun State, Nigeria

This investigated the determinants of access to credit among cocoa farmers in Osun state, Nigeria. Specifically, the study describes the socio-economic characteristics of cocoa farmers in the study area, examines the factors affecting access to credit by cocoa farmers in the study area; and identifies the constraints faced by cocoa farmers in credit acquisition. The study was conducted in Osun state, south-western Nigeria....

Author(s):Ayodeji Kehinde

Article in Press

Determinants of recommended agronomic practices adoption among wheat producing smallholder farmers’ in West Gojjam of Ethiopia

Development of the Ethiopian economy is directly related to the transformation of the agricultural sector which is manifested with low utilization of recommended agronomic practices, improved farm inputs, and dependency on traditional farming and rainfall. As result, low production and productivity of agriculture were prevalent. Therefore, this study aims to identify the impediments which influence adoption of recommended...

Author(s):Gedefaw Abebe Abiye and Sisay Debebe Kaba

Article in Press

Technical efficiency of smallholder wheat producers in Ethiopia: A review

Wheat is one of the major staple and strategic food security crop in Ethiopia. It is the second most consumed cereal crop in Ethiopia next to maize. In Ethiopia wheat production levels and rates have been increasing due to the development and dissemination of improved wheat technologies. However, empirical studies conducted to estimate level of technical efficiencies and its determinant factors in wheat production which...

Author(s):Milkessa Asfew, Mulubirhan Bayissa and Fayera Bakala

Article in Press

Determinants of self-employment of urban elderly households in income generating activities: The case of Nekemte town ,East Wollega zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia

Social policy agenda could be seen as an integral part of the nation’s economy contributing to economic growth, equity and sustainability and should not be treated as competing with economic resources. Elderly households are the neglected citizens in the socio-economic changes of many African countries including Ethiopia. They are forced to live in economically poor and precarious conditions. In light of this, this...

Author(s):Masresha Amare Daniel

Article in Press

Effects of value addition on profitability of Irish potato production in Bomet County, Kenya

Irish potato is an important food and cash crop throughout Kenya. In Bomet County, Irish potato production is done for household consumption and income generation. For the last one decade, Irish potato farmers have been urged to embrace value addition activities in order to increase their profits and thus household income. But since value addition comes with a cost, few studies have been conducted to determine whether...

Author(s):Cosmas Korir

Article in Press

Economics of cassava production enterprise among farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria

The study examined cassava production enterprise among famers in Anambra State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to: identify socio-economic characteristics of cassava farmers, ascertain major sources of information used by the farmers, determine profitability of cassava production among the farmers, ascertain the extent of use of cassava varieties available to farmers and identify constraints to...

Author(s):J.C. Udemezue, H.U. Nwalieji and E.G, Osegbue

Article in Press

Determinants of Wheat Market Outlet Choice of Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Dembecha District, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia.

Wheat is one of the major cereal crops produced in Ethiopia and used as food and source of cash for farm households. This aimed analyzing determinants of market outlet choice of wheat producing farmers in Dembecha district of West Gojjam zone, Ethiopia. The study used cross-sectional data collected from a sample of 130 farm households selected randomly from the district’s four kebeles through two-stage sampling techniques....

Author(s):Yonnas Addis, Bosena Tegegn and Mengistu Ketema

Article in Press

Market orientation and Market participation of smallholder barely producers in Case of North Gondar Zone: Implications for Commercial Transformation

Barley crop is one of the most important cereal crops among cultivated by smallholder farmers in North Gondar Zone because they derive benefits such as income, source of food and rural employment. In addition barley is becoming an important market oriented crops in Ethiopia. In spite of the policy decision of the Government of Ethiopia to commercialize subsistence agriculture, there is a lack of information on the...

Author(s):Taye Melese Mekie, Gizachew Desalegn, Abebe Birara Dessie and Tadie Mirie Abate

Article in Press

Farmers Market Access and Cash Crop Adoption: Evidence from North Shoa Zone, Ethiopia

Even though farmers face a number of barriers in accessing the markets, there is a high potential to derive livelihoods from market-oriented agriculture. Therefore, this research is aimed to investigate the farmer’s market access and cash crop adoption in Ethiopia. So as to achieve this objective, the information gathered through questionnaire from a sample of 345 farmers were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive and...

Author(s):Abdalla Chebo

Article in Press

Economic dependence of rural households in the riparian zones of Dissin in Burkina Faso

Riparian zones usually play important provisioning and supporting roles in the livelihoods of rural household. This study aims to quantitatively examine the economic dependence of rural households on riparian zones. Data were collected from 216 households across 8 villages in the Dissin area, Burkina Faso. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data collected, while Ordinary Least Squares Analytical Procedure was...

Author(s):Achille Augustin Diendere

Article in Press

Rural Households’ Towards Off-farm and Non-farm Employment Opportunities in Assosa Zone, Western Ethiopia

This study examined rural households’ off-farm and non-farm employment activities and determinants of their participation in off-farm and non-farm employment opportunities in Assosa zone, western Ethiopia. The study used a primary data collected from 180 randomly selected households using interview schedule. In addition, FGD and key informant interview were used. Moreover, secondary data were also used. As to the method of...

Author(s):Seid

Article in Press

Adoption of chickpea varieties by smallholder farmers in southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

In south Tigray in general and Enda mehoni district in particular, there is inadequate empirical evidence and systematic documentations related to chickpea varieties adoption. Hence, this study aim to assess the determinants of chickpea varieties adoption by smallholder farmers’ for newly introduced varieties (Desi and Kubli). Both of the Desi and kubli types of chickpea were introduced by governmental and non-governmental...

Author(s):Hagos Kidane Mezgebo

Article in Press

Environmental economic effect of Ecosystem Management agricultural water

Ecosystem, Conservation, Irrigation, crop.

Author(s):DEL CIOPPO MORSTADT FRANCISCO, PUÑO LECARNAQUE NAPOLEON

Article in Press

The Effect of Trade Openness on Economic Growth: Case of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) Countries: A Panel Data Approach.

The relationship between trade openness and economic growth has been extensively investigated yielding mixed and inconclusive results. This paper examines the effect of trade openness on economic growth for Sub Saharan Africa Countries covering the period 1996 to 2015. The study employed a method of Feasible Generalized Least Square (FGLS) model and the results of this empirical analysis have led to the conclusions that...

Author(s):Sisay Fikadu Heyi

Article in Press

Structure, Conduct and Performance of Bambara nuts Marketers in Southern part of Taraba State, Nigeria

This work is an analysis of the structure, conduct and performance of bambara nuts marketers in Southern part of Taraba State, Nigeria. Descriptive statistics was used for its analysis. Sample was selected using multi-stage random sampling techniques. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. 60 copies of the questionnaire were given to 60 bambara nuts marketers. Descriptive statistics like marketing margin,...

Author(s):Audu., I. A, A.A.U. Jongur and Filli F. B

Article in Press

Micro-financing and rural poverty reduction: a case of Rima microfinance bank in Goronyo Lga, Sokoto State, Nigeria

The study examines the impact of Rima Microfinance Bank on beneficiaries’ income and poverty in Goronyo Local Government area of Sokoto State, Nigeria. A multistage-sampling technique was used to draw the sample and structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics (means, frequency, and percentages) and Foster, Greer and Thobecke (FGT) poverty index. The result...

Author(s):Abubakar Ngaski Abdullahi, Mohammed Bashir Mustapha, Balarabe Ibrahim Yusuf

Article in Press

The Role of Crop marketing In Improving Food Security among Smallholder Crop Producer Farmers: The Case of Ada’a Wereda, Central Ethiopia.

This study has assessed crop market situation of crop producer farmers with the association of food security in Ada’a Wereda, central Ethiopia, through descriptive statistics incorporating with histogram graphs, local polynomial smooth graphs, one sample T Test, and One Way ANOVA tests and identified the factors affecting crop market participation intensity using ordered logit regression model. Moreover, the study has...

Author(s):Chalachew Belay

Article in Press

DETERMINANTS OF CREDIT USE AND LOAN REPAYMENT PERFORMANCE OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS ETHIOPIA

The accessibility of a good financial service is considered as one of the engines of economic development and the instruments to break the vicious circle of poverty. The aim of this study was to analyze determinants of credit use and loan repayment performance of smallholder farmers in Mana woreda. As a specific objective, this study assessed determinants of credit use, purpose of loan and factors affecting loan repayment...

Author(s):Abebaw Abebe

Article in Press

Analysis Of Rice Production In Rice Production Center Area Muaro Jambi Regency (Cobb-Douglas Production Function Analysis)

This research aims to analyze : (1) The determinants affecting rice production in rice production center area Muaro Jambi Regency, (2) Return of Scale conditions of rice production in rice production center area Muaro Jambi Regency, (3) Socio-Economy conditions of rice farmers in rice production center area Muaro Jambi Regency, (4) Prompt strategy to increase rice production in rice production center area Muaro Jambi...

Author(s):Faradina Zevaya

Article in Press

Analysis of wheat market chain; the case of North Gondar zone, Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, cereal production and marketing are the means of livelihood improvement for millions of households. Wheat is the major crop grown on the study area for consumption as well as for market. However, marketing aspects of wheat commodities, which have high demand and production potential, was unresolved. Therefore, this research attempted to examine the analysis of wheat market chain the case of North Gondar zone...

Author(s):Abebe Birara Dessie, Tadie Mirie Abate, and Taye Melese Mekie

Article in Press

The patterns, determinants and contribution of nonfarm activities in the rural rift valley areas of Oromia regional state of Ethiopia.

The sources of income of the rural household is not limited to the agriculture sector, but also the nonfarm sector. Despite the crucial contribution of the sector for the resource poor and marginalized section of the rural households, little attention has been given to enhance the contribution of the sector. In light of this, this research paper aimed to study the patterns, determinants and contribution of the nonfarm...

Author(s):Daniel Masresha Amare

Article in Press

Demand for Smart Agricultural Practices in Smallholder Production Systems in Kenya: Count Model Analysis

We determine factors that influence higher demand for the Climate Smart Agricultural practices among smallholder farmers in this study. A survey of 384 randomly selected farmers was conducted in Teso North sub-county, Busia county of Kenya. CSA practices identified were grouped based on usage in a principal component analysis and factors influencing their demand were determined using Poisson regression model. Results...

Author(s):Oscar Ingasia Ayuya

Article in Press

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND VARIABILITY ON REVENUE IN KENYA

Agriculture is the backbone of Kenya’s economy. It contributes about 33% of Kenya’s total foreign exchange earnings and supports 75% of the country’s overall population living in rural areas that derive their livelihood entirely from farming. Kenya’s agriculture sector is highly dependent on rain-fed production systems. Climate change and variability is harmful to the Kenyan economy since it threatens its only asset that...

Author(s):Irene Nambuya

Article in Press

Impact of Soil and Water Conservation Technology Adoption on Smallholder Farms in South-western Uganda

The link between poverty and land degradation is of great significance, especially where the agricultural sector supports a majority of the population as in Uganda. Soil and water conservation technologies are a recommended means of reducing degradation rates. However, ex-ante and ex-post analyses of the impact of these technologies remain few. Using survey data collected from 338 households in the Kabale district of...

Author(s):Alice Turinawe

Article in Press

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN CRAYFISH PRODUCTION IN OIL AND NON-OIL PRODUCING COMMUNITIES OF AKWA IBOM STATE,NIGERIA

The paper examined the comparative economic and technical efficiency of resource utilization in cray fish production in oil and non-oil producing communities of Akwa Ibom, Nigeria, using a production function approach. Data for the study were obtained from a cross section of 40 respondents each from both oil and non-oil producing areas using a multi-stage sampling procedure. Regression results indicated that capital, fixed...

Author(s):Nyong Eteyen Edet

Article in Press

Do Micro Finance Institutions Lift More Urban Households Out of Poverty? Case Study at Yeka Sub City, Ethiopia

Financial investment in urban business is one of development interventions to improve per capita income and consumption of urban population. This study is initiated with objectives of analyzing the impact of ADCSI (Adiss Credit and Saving Institution) on clients’ poverty reduction and identifying determinants of borrowing fund from ADCSI. The study employed primary survey data collected from 120 sample respondents selected...

Author(s):Tsegaye Molla Enyew

Article in Press

Market participation and Intensity: Empirical Evidence from Irrigated Crop Farmers in the Eastern Cape.

The participation of smallholder farmers in market-oriented production holds potential for diversifying their incomes and increasing agricultural productivity hence promoting food security and poverty eradication. But participation of smallholder’s irrigators and homestead gardeners in markets in South Africa remains low despite numerous interventions, especially since the dawn of democracy in 1994. The targets set for...

Author(s):Lelethu Mdoda and Ajuruchukwu Obi

Article in Press

Estimation of farm level technical efficiency for small scale irrigation farmers of Etunda and Olushandja irrigation schemes of North-Central Namibia: A stochastic frontier approach

The main aim of the study was to apply a stochastic frontier production function on the farm level data collected from maize farmers under the Olushandja Dam and Etunda Irrigation Schemes in North-central Namibia, to evaluate if the productivity of irrigation maize can be technically improved. The results from the stochastic frontier analysis indicated that the technical efficiency of the farmers under the two irrigation...

Author(s):Vonai Charamba and Benisiu Thomas

Article in Press

Analysis of resource use efficiency in suya production in Benin City, Edo State of Nigeria

The study examined efficiency of resource use in suya production in Benin City, Edo State of Nigeria, by determining the production elasticity, returns to scale and efficiency levels of inputs used. Data for the study were obtained from a total of 96 suya producers identified in the study area through snowballing sampling technique. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, multiple regression analysis,...

Author(s):Ahmadu, Joseph and Egbodion John

Article in Press

MODELING SUSTAINABLE WELLBEING AS HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL FOOD: A CONCEPT PAPER ON A RESEARCH PROPOSAL

This is a concept paper of a research program now in its inception at University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-Pakistan. The principal objective of the paper is to project the concept and measurement of wellbeing derived from health and nutrition value by the methodology of pervasive complementarities between the selected variables of the wellbeing function. The research is firstly a pilot project focused on the local...

Author(s):Azhar Abbas, Sultan Ali Adil, Asghar Ali and Masudul Alam Choudhury

Article in Press

Analysis of factors influencing red beans market participation of smallholder farmers: Evidence from Ethiopia

Market participation in rural households is vital strategy in assuring better income and a key factor to lifting rural households from poverty. Red beans is an important crop in Ethiopia, especially Halaba Special District, however, farmers are not participating in the market adequately for different reasons. The objective of the study was to assess the factors affecting red beans farmers’ market participation and extent...

Author(s):Agete Jerena

Article in Press

Major East Asian Rice Policies and WTO Commitments on Domestic Support Under Existing and Proposed Doha Round Provisions

We examine current rice policies in four major Asian countries (China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan), their relationship to current WTO disciplines, and to those proposed under the Doha negotiations. WTO disciplines have prompted some changes in rice policies, but those proposed for domestic support are unlikely to impose serious constraints in the future. However, increases in imports under market access provisions in the...

Author(s):MIN-HSIEN YANG

Article in Press

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INCOME INEQUALITY AMONG LOAN BENEFICIARIES FROM COMMERCIAL AND MICROFINANCE BANKS IN IMO STATE NIGERIA

The study comparatively analyzed the level of income distribution among oil palm farmers who patronized commercial banks and Micro-finance banks. Multistage sampling technique was used to select (50) loan beneficiaries from commercial bank and another fifty (50) loan beneficiaries from Micro-finance banks in Imo state using structured and validated questionnaire . Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and...

Author(s):IGWE UKOHA

Article in Press

Impact of Feed Sources and Feeding System on Milk Production and Marketing in the Babille District of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

The aim of this article was to investigate the impact of feed sources and feeding system on milk production and milk marketing in the Babille district of Eastern Hararghe zone. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire which was administered to 152 randomly selected sample dairy cow keepers in the district. Data were analyzed using descriptive methods and regression analysis. Data from regression analysis...

Author(s):AJABUSH DAFAR/IRANA and Bedasa Eba/Tebeje

Article in Press

Impact of Microcredit Programme on Poverty Reduction among Rural Households in Saki East Local Government Area of Oyo Statel

It is widely acknowledged that access to financial services plays a critical role in helping poor people strengthen their economic potentials, increase their asset base and diminish their vulnerabilities to external shocks. However, poor people have very limited access to financial services provided by the formal financial institutions due to the procedures outlined for accessing such loans. In recent time, Microcredit has...

Author(s):Abdul Majeed Yaqoob, Wasiu Akintunde Yusuf and Sulaiman Adesina Yusuf

Article in Press

Climate change and food security at household level in Punjab Pakistan

The study attempted to find out the effects of socio-economic and climatic shocks that influence the household food security status in the presence of farm efficiencies as its component. The farm level data collected from 537 farm families in the study area is available in panel group from 2005 to 2008. Food Security Index (FSI) is used as a dependent variable, and various socioeconomic and climatic variables were used as...

Author(s):Khush Bukhat Zahid

Article in Press

On-farm demonstration and evaluation of improved lowland sorghum technologies in Daro Lebu and Boke districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

This experiment was conducted in Daro Lebu and Boke districts of West Harerghe Zone with the objectives of evaluating lowland sorghum varieties on farmer’s field and creating linkage and networking among stakeholders. Three kebeles were selected purposively based on sorghum production potential, two kebeles from Daro Lebu and one kebele from Boke district. Five farmers and one Farmer Training Center participated depending...

Author(s):Mideksa Babu, Fekede Gemechu and Asfaw Zewdu

Article in Press

Technical efficiency among smaller holder dairy farmers in Kenya: Does production risk and social interactions matter?

This study aimed at identifying factors affecting technical efficiency while paying particular attention to the role of production risk and social interactions. Two-stage estimation procedure was used. The first step applied stochastic frontier approach to estimate technical efficiency scores and in the second stage Tobit model was used explain the determinants of technical efficiency. The study used primary data collected...

Author(s):Fassil Eshetu and Mohammed Beshir

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