African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6730

Table of Content: 26 April, 2012; 7(16)

April 2012

Capital market, subsidies, agricultural and rural developments in the Republic of Macedonia

The undeveloped rural capital market in the Republic of Macedonia is constrained by an urban–rural development gap with limited capacities for rural development and imperfections in the rural capital market. Among the most striking hindrances are the illegal status of a large share of agricultural buildings and other real estate in rural areas, particularly, on the individual family farms that prevail in the...

Author(s): Biljana Angelova and Štefan Bojnec

April 2012

Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene, potassium permanganate and packaging on quality of banana

The experiment consisted of ten treatments some of which are: teff straw, banana leaf, perforated and non-perforated polyethylene bag. KMnO4 or 1-MCP was found in polyethylene (perforated or non-perforated) and 1-MCP treated fruits were kept in open air as control. Banana fruits were assessed for important physical and chemical quality. Banana fruits treated with 1-MCP showed better fruit quality. Perforated...

Author(s): A. Zewter, K. Woldetsadik and T. S. Workneh

April 2012

Growth performance of different strains of indigenous Tswana chickens under intensive management system

Indigenous Tswana chickens are traditionally kept under free range production system and their growth performance under an intensive management system have not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the growth performance of the naked neck, dwarf and normal-feathered strains of indigenous Tswana chickens under an intensive management system. A total of 74, 43 and 44 Tswana chickens of the...

Author(s): Patrick M. Kgwatalala, Moremedi Nogayagae and Shalaulani J. Nsoso

April 2012

Biosecuring of white spot syndrome virus on Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798

The present study was carried out with the aim of bio-securing of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) onPenaeus monodon culture in grow-out and laboratory condition during the period of March to August 2010. In grow-out system, thirty six earthen ponds of varying sizes ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 ha were surveyed.  Among 36 ponds, based on the differences in the management techniques, 15 were semi-intensive...

Author(s): Sekar Ashokkumar, Packiam Mayavu and Perumal Murugesan

April 2012

Effect of direct injection of shark DNA into skeletal muscles on the productive performance characteristics of red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) fed at different dietary regimes

The present work aims to study the effect of direct injection of shark (Squalus acanthias L.) DNA into skeletal muscles of red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) fingerlings fed at different dietary regimes (three protein levels; 18, 22 and 26% each with two metabolizable energy levels; 244 and 260 kcal/100 g diet) on the productive performance. The results showed that growth performance, body composition and feed...

Author(s): Samy Yehya El-Zaeem, Nader Ezzat El-Tawil and Talaat Nagy Amer

April 2012

Harvest, export and economic status of freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Esch.1823) in Turkey

This study was carried out on the export and economic status of freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylusEsch. 1823) in Turkey. Due to the fact that there is a very low domestic consumption of freshwater crayfish in the country, Turkey had been the largest provider of A. leptodactylus to Western Europe from 1970 until 1986. The peak production of the country was attained in the early 1980s, with over 5.000...

Author(s): Hamdi Aydin Muzaffer Mustafa HarlıoÄŸlu and Tomris Deniz (Bök)

April 2012

Compositional quality of virgin olive oils from cultivars introduced in two Tunisian locations

The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of two European olive cultivars, ‘Koroneiki’ and ‘Arbequina’,introduced in South and North of Tunisia. Olives grown in the two locations yielded extra virgin olive oils.Northern olive  oils showed a greater amount of oleic acid, phenols and a higher stability, whilst in the southern oils had higher saturated and linoleic acid...

Author(s): Mokhtar Guerfel, Mohamed Ben Mansour, Youssef ouni, Dalenda Boujnah and Mokhtar Zarrouk

April 2012

High temperature induced fertility transition and anther carbohydrate metabolism modification in a canola recessive genic male sterile line

High temperature stress is an important abiotic stress during plant growth and development that can damage canola male reproductive organ development. In this present study, we characterized a canola genic male sterile line that its fertility can be restored after high temperature induction with heterozygous but not homozygous condition. Anther length and weight was elongated and increased 2 and 5.7 times at 9 days...

Author(s): Shuijin Hua, Huasheng Yu, Yaofeng Zhang, Baogang Lin, Houdong Ding, Dongqing Zhang and Yun Ren

April 2012

Genetic and postharvest factors affecting macadamia kernel quality

Macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia, Macadamia tetraphylla and hybrids) is cultivated in regions of Eastern Australia. Genotype and geographical location, a factor seldom studied, may influence kernel quality. Macadamias from three cultivars were harvested from three commercial plantations, each in a different region of Eastern Australia over three consecutive seasons. Kernel quality was assessed by...

Author(s): D. A. Walton and H. M. Wallace

April 2012

Analyzing the immediate effects of in-service education on expert attitude level regarding the importance of soil conservation by using Solomon four group design in Jihade Keshavarzi in Ahwaz Township

Advanced in-service education has provided the development regarding individual's knowledge and attitude level, in the high quality form. The application of in-service education has been a key component of knowledge and attitude improvement of Jihad Keshavarzi experts. The study utilized experimental Solomon four group designs to determine the effect of in-service education on Jihad Keshavarzi experts' attitude...

Author(s): Azadeh N. Noorivandi and Ahmad Reza Ommani

April 2012

Extracellular lipase of the antarctic bacterial isolate, Pseudomonas sp. INK1 as a potential tool for improving the flavor quality of dairy products

An antarctic bacterial isolate displayed extracellular lipolytic activity. Based on the 16S rRNA sequence analysis, the strain was named Pseudomonas sp. INK1. The INK1 lipase was secreted into the production medium during transition to the stationary phase. The enzyme reached the apparent maximal activity at pH 8 to 9, with optimal activity at 50°C. The enzyme was active against a wide range of fatty acid...

Author(s): Inkyung Park and Jaiesoon Cho

April 2012

Optimizing productivity and irrigation water use efficiency of pearl millet as a forage crop in arid regions under different irrigation methods and stress

A field experiment was carried-out at the Agriculture Experimental Station of King Abdulaziz University located at Hada Alsham, 110 km north east of Jeddah, to optimize the productivity and irrigation water use efficiency of pearl millets (Pennisetum glaucum L.), as green fodder under different irrigation methods and stress. Five treatments were investigated in this study: three with full irrigation...

Author(s): Saleh M. Ismail,

April 2012

Growth and physiological responses of five Malus species to the pH of hydroponic solutions

We characterized the growth and physiological responses of five wild Malus species indigenous to China to acid and alkaline abiotic stresses. At the six-leaf stage, seedlings of Malus sieversii, Malus prunifolia, Malus robusta, Malus mandshurica and Malus hupehensis were transferred to hydroponic systems in which the solution pH was 5.5, 7.0 or 8.5. Fresh and dry weights,...

Author(s): Fengchan Deng, Fengwang Ma, and Huairui Shu

April 2012

Morpho-agronomic evaluation of Oryza glaberrima accessions and interspecific O. sativa × O. glaberrima derived lines under drought conditions

Two dry-season field experiments were conducted at AfricaRice research station in Benin to identify drought tolerant rice genotypes from a range of genetic resources: in 2006 using 202 backcross-inbred interspecificOryza sativa ´ Oryza glaberrima lines, replicated in 2007 (experiment 1); and in 2007 (replicated in 2008) using a population of 327 genotypes comprising O. glaberrima, O....

Author(s): Marie Noelle NDJIONDJOP, Koichi FUTAKUCHI, Papa Abdoulaya SECK, Fousseyni CISSE,Roland BOCCO and Blandine FATONDJI

April 2012

Physiological traits, yields and nitrogen translocation of ratoon rice in response to different cultivations and planting periods

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) ratooning is the production of a second rice crop from the stubble left after the main crop harvest. Its growth and development are affected by the environment factors and the growth condition of the main crop. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of different cultivations (DS: direct-seeding, ST: seedling-throwing, TP: transplanting) and planting periods of the main crop on...

Author(s): Kailou Liu, Jiangtao Qin, Bin Zhang and Yanwen Zhao

April 2012

Effect of nitrogen doses on the chlorophyll concentration, yield and protein content of different genotype maize hybrids in Hungary

The chlorophyll (Chl) concentration of maize was compared to its grain yield and protein content in six different N treatments (0, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 kg N ha-1) in a multifactorial field experiment with four replications and a split plot design in Eastern Hungary (47°33’ N, 21°26’ E, 111 m asl) in two years (2009 and 2010). Nitrogen fertilisation significantly (p < 0.001) increased Chl...

Author(s): Adrienn Széles Ványiné, Brigitta Tóth and János Nagy

April 2012

Allelopathic influence of leek (Allium porrum) seeds on germination and radical growth of flue-cured tobacco of different cultivars

Leeks (Allium porrum L.) are increasingly included in the rotation or inter-planting with tobacco in many provinces of China and worldwide. Therefore, we examined the possible allelopathic potential of leek seeds on the germination, seedling emergence and root elongation of flue-cured tobacco of different cultivars. The effects of imbibed leek seeds, their aqueous leachates and extracts of the seed on the...

Author(s): Rongquan Lai,, Minsheng You ,Shunhui Chen, Gang Gu,Gang WANG and Chenglian Lai

April 2012

Socio-economic constraints to adoption of yield improving tea farming technologies: A study of small holder tea farmers affiliated to estates in Nandi Hills, Kenya

Tea farming technical packages tailored to improve productivity have been developed by the Tea Research Foundation of Kenya and availed to farmers for adoption where the estate subsector has demonstrated that these packages can double the current small holder tea production of 1,800 kg made tea per hectare. Despite this potential, there exists an alarmingly low uptake of these technologies by small holder tea farmers...

Author(s): John Kipkorir Tanui#, Weiying Feng, Xinghui Li, Yuhua Wang, # and Mary J. Kipsat

April 2012

Evaluation energy balance and energy indices of peanut production in north of Iran

One way to evaluation of sustainable developing in agriculture is using of energy flow method. This method in an agricultural product system is the energy consuming in product operations and energy saving in produced crops. In this article, evaluation of energy balance and energy indices under rain fed farming peanut in north of Iran (Guilan province) was investigated. Data were collected from 72 farms by using a face...

Author(s): Ebrahim Azarpour, Maral Moraditochaee and Hamid Reza Bozorgi

April 2012

Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and different levels of phosphorus on the growth of corn in water stress conditions

In this research the effects of mycorrhizal fungi and different levels of phosphorous chemical fertilizers on yield and yield components of corn under three levels of irrigation (60,120 and180 mm) were studied. This experiment was performed in a split factorial design with four replications. Irrigation were placed in the main plots at different pure phosphorus levels (0, 60 and 120 kg/ha) and mycorrhizal fungi (0 and 6...

Author(s): D. Ghorbanian, S. Harutyunyan, D. Mazaheri, V. Rasoli and A. Mohebi

April 2012

Potassium rates fertilizer effect on aerial part crambe nutrition

Crambe abyssinica is a winter brassica with high oil content showing great potential as a source of raw material for biodiesel production. As a winter crop with a short developmental cycle, 90 to 100 days, it is used as an off-season crop. This work was conducted in Umuarama County, Parana State, Oxisol Udic Dystrophic and aimed to evaluate the effect of potassium growing application (0, 15, 30, 60 and 90 kg...

Author(s): Juciléia Irian dos Santos, Flávia Rogério, Tiago Roque Benetoli da Silva, Antonio Nolla, Rafaela Alenbrant Migliavacca, Jaqueline Cazado Felix, Juliana Parisotto and Antônio Saraiva Muniz