African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12179

Full Length Research Paper

Bio-preservation of Nigerian soft-white cheese in submerged consortium of bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria culture

Mohammed S. S. D.
  • Mohammed S. S. D.
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Wartu J. R.
  • Wartu J. R.
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Aminu A. H.
  • Aminu A. H.
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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David A. A. D.
  • David A. A. D.
  • Department of Sciences, College of Nursing and Midwifery, Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Musa B. J.
  • Musa B. J.
  • WHO National/ITD Laboratory, UMTH, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 18 August 2016
  •  Accepted: 22 December 2017
  •  Published: 31 January 2018

Abstract

Bio-preservation of Nigerian soft-white cheese (wara) in submerged consortium of bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) culture was investigated. Lactobacillus acidophilus PIT17 and Lactococcus lactis PIT30 were isolated from pito using the pour plate technique on MRS medium. The selection of L. acidophilus PIT17 and L. lactis PIT30 for the bio-preservation studies were based on their ability to produce acidophilin and nisin to inhibit the growth of the test isolates. The ‘wara’ were submerged in consortia of the L. acidophilus PIT17 and L. lactis PIT30 culture and were kept/stored at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10°C and at room temperature. The shelf-life of the wara alongside control was determined. Physico-chemical and proximate analysis, microbial counts and organoleptic characteristics of the wara were also carried out before and after the bio-preservation. The shelf life of the wara were observed with a significant difference (p < 0.05) at storage temperatures of  2°C (5 days), 4°C (6 days), 6°C (4 days), 8°C (3 days), 10°C (6 days) and 24±1°C (3 days). The proximate analysis of wara showed significant difference (p < 0.05) at different storage temperatures employed. The total viable bacterial count (TVBC) of the cheese (wara) decreased significantly (p < 0.05) after 24 h of submerged bio-preservation of wara from 9.8 × 105 cfu/ml, 1.3 × 106 cfu/g to between 6.2 × 105 and 7.5 × 105 cfu/g. The organoleptic characteristics of wara revealed that there were significant difference (p < 0.05) in colour, texture, aroma, taste, and general acceptability.

 

Key words: Organoleptic characteristics, proximate, physico-chemical, cheese, consortium.