African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4156

Full Length Research Paper

Application of the grounded theory in building leadership models by utilizing the leadership styles. A focus on Pentecostal churches in Zimbabwe

Judith Mwenje
  • Judith Mwenje
  • National University of Science and Technology (NUST) Bulawayo Zimbabwe.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 April 2016
  •  Accepted: 17 June 2016
  •  Published: 28 September 2016


Leader-follower relationship is one element that is crucial to the influence and growth of churches.  When the leader maintains control and interacts constructively with the followers, understanding the levels that they are at; the likely outcome is a strong organization. The researcher using the grounded theory came up with the Ordinary-Questioning-Decision Making-Stability and the Contextualized Leadership-Follower models that could assist Pentecostal churches in Zimbabwe to build a strong committed membership base. The grounded theory allows data collection, analysis and eventual theory or model to stand in close relationship to one another. The constant comparative approach under the grounded theory was adopted. Christian leadership is not restricted to within church walls but is also effective in the public arena such as profit –making –organizations.  The first model entails that leaders identify the levels that their members are at and groom them accordingly using the various leadership styles in the second model.


Key words: Grounded theory, constant comparative approach, leadership styles, transformational leadership, democratic leadership.