African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4137

Full Length Research Paper

Application of the grounded theory in building leadership models by utilizing the leadership styles. A focus on Pentecostal churches in Zimbabwe

Judith Mwenje
  • Judith Mwenje
  • National University of Science and Technology (NUST) Bulawayo Zimbabwe.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 April 2016
  •  Accepted: 17 June 2016
  •  Published: 28 September 2016


Avolio J, Bass M (2004). Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. USA: Mind Garden inc.


Bass BM (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.


Bass BM (1990). Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research and Managerial Applications (3rd ed.). New York: Free Press.


Bass BM, Steidlmeier P (1999). Ethics, Character, and Authentic Transformational Leadership Behaviour', The Leadership Quarterly, 10(2):181-227.


Bryman A, Bell E (2003). Business Research Methods. New York: Oxford University Press.


Burns JM (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper & Row.


Charmaz K (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. London: Sage.


Choi S (2007). Democratic Leadership: The Lessons of Exemplary Models for Democratic Governance. Int. J. Leadership Stud. 2(3):243-262.


Church AH, Waclawski J (1999). The Impact of Leadership Style on Global Management Practices. J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 29(7):1416-1443.


Denscombe M (2008). Communities of Practice: A Research Paradigm for the Mixed Methods Approach', J. Mixed Methods Res. 2:270–283.


Denzin NK, Lincoln YS (2005). Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed.). London: Sage.


De Vos AS, Strydom H, Fouché CB, Delport CSL (2005). Research at grass roots: For the social sciences and human service professions (2nd ed). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers


Douthat R (2006). Theocracy, Theocracy, Theocracy. Religion and Public Life, August/September: 23-30.


Dubrin AJ, Dalgish C, Miller P (2006). Leadership. (2nd Asia pacific ed.). Australia: Wiley & Sons.


Fisher C (2010). Researching and Writing a Dissertation. An Essential Guide for Business Students (3rd ed.). Essex: Pearson Education Limited.


Fraenkel C (2010). Theocracy and Autonomy in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy. Political Theory 38(3):340-366.


Glaser BG, Strauss AL (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine.


Greenleaf RK (1977). Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness, New York: Paulist Press.


Guti EH (2005). What Every Good Leader Should Know. Harare: EGEA Publications.


Hemphill JK, Coons AE (1957). Development of the Leader Behaviuor Description Questionnaire. In: R.M. Stogdill & A.E. Coons (eds.), Leader Behavior: Its Description and Measurement. Columbus: Bureau of Business Research pp. 6-38


Hussey J, Hussey R (1997). Business Research: A Practical Guide for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.


Jürgen W (2011). Democratic Leadership. Encylopedia of Leadership. 2004. SAGE Publications.


Kuhnert KW (1994). Transformational Leadership: Developing People Through Delegation. In: B.M. Bass & B.J. Avolio(eds). Improving Organizational Effectiveness through Transformational Leadership (pp. 10-25). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Kuhnert KW, Lewis P (1987). Transactional and Transformational leadership: A Constructive/Developmental Analysis', Acad. Manage. Rev. 12(64):8-57.


Laub JA (1999). Assessing the Servant Organization: Development of the Servant Organizational Leadership Assessment (SOLA) Instrument, Dissertation Abstracts International, UMI No. 9921922.


Lee N, Lings I (2008). Doing Business Research. London: Sage Publications.


Likert R (1961). New Patterns of Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.


Marturano A, Gosling J (2008). Leadership: The Key Concepts. New York: Routledge.


Maykut P, Morehouse R (1994). Beginning Qualitative Research: A Philosophic and Practical Guide, London: The Falmer Press.


Mertens DM (1998). Research Methods in Education and Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage.


Miles MB, Huberman AM (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. London: Sage


Mwenje J (2015). The Influence of Leadership Styles on Church Growth with Special Reference to Pentecostal Churches in Zimbabwe. PhD Thesis. National University of Science and Technology (NUST).


Nyathi P (2013). Dedicated Service: The Story of Geoffrey Bizeni Mkwanazi of the Assemblies of God Church. Bulawayo: Amagugu Publishers.


Rezaei M, Salehi S, Shafiei M, Sabet S (2012). 'Servant Leadership and Organizational Trust: The Mwdiating Effect of the Leader Trust and Organizational Communication', Emerging Markets J. 2(2012):70-78.


Robbins SP (1998). Organizational Behaviour: Concepts, Controversies, Applications (8th ed.), New Jersey: Prentice Hall.


Sarantakos S (2005). Social Research. Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan.


Seldén L (2005). On Grounded Theory - with some malice." Journal of Documentation 61(1):114.


Spears L (1996). Reflections on Robert K. Greenleaf and Servant Leadership', Leadership & Organizational Development Journal, 17(7):33-35.


Strauss A, Corbin J (1990). Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. Newbury Park: Sage.


Strauss A Corbin J (1998). Basics of Qualitative Research Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory (2nd ed.) Thousand Oaks: Sage.


Van Eden R, Cilliers F, Van Deventer V (2008). 'Leadership Styles and Associated Personality Traits: Support of the Conceptualization of Transactional and Transformational Leadership', South Afr. J. Psychol. 38(2):253-267.


White RK, Lippitt RO (1960). Autocracy and democracy: An Experimental Enquiry. New York: Harper & Brothers.


Wright CJH (1990). The People of God and the State in the Old Testament', Themelios, 16(1):4-10.


Yukl G (2002). Leadership in Organizations (5th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.


Yukl G, Van Fleet DD (1992). Theory and Research on Leadership in Organizations. In: M.D. Dunnette & L.M. Hough (eds), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. pp. 147-197.