African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5136

Full Length Research Paper

Antimicrobial resistance pattern of Acinetobacter spp. isolated from clinical samples in a tertiary care hospital at Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Samah Ghanem
  • Samah Ghanem
  • Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Madinah, P. O. Box 3893, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar
Hatem M. El Shafey
  • Hatem M. El Shafey
  • Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, P. O. Box 3893 Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar
Nikhat Manzoor
  • Nikhat Manzoor
  • Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Madinah, P. O. Box 3893, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 23 May 2018
  •  Accepted: 31 July 2018
  •  Published: 14 August 2018

References

Abbo A, Navon-Venezia S, Hammer-Muntz O, Krichali T, Siegman-Igra Y, Carmeli Y (2005). Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Emerging Infectious Diseases 11:22-29.
Crossref

 

Al Bshabshe A, Joseph MRP, Al Hussein A, Haimour W, Hamid ME (2016). Multidrug resistance Acinetobacter species at the intensive care unit, Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia: A one year analysis. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 9(9):903-908.
Crossref

 
 

Al-Arfaj AA, Ibrahim ASS, Somily AM, Al Salamah AA (2011). Genetic basis of carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter clinical isolates in Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(64):14186-14196.

 
 

Alawi MM, Darwesh BM (2016). A stepwise introduction of a successful antimicrobial stewardship program: Experience from a tertiary care university hospital in Western, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal 37(12):1350-1358.
Crossref

 
 

Al-Harthi SE, Khan LM, Osman A-MM, Alim MA, Saadah OI, Almohammadi AA, Khan FM, Kamel FO (2015). Perceptions and knowledge regarding antimicrobial stewardship among clinicians in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal 36:813-820.
Crossref

 
 

Al-Johani SM, Akhter J, Balkhy H, El-Saed A, Younan M, Memish Z (2010). Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative isolates in an adult intensive care unit at a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine 30(5):364-369.
Crossref

 
 

Almaghrabi MK, Joseph MRP, Assiry MM, Hamid ME (2018). Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: An Emerging Health Threat in Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology 2018(9182747):1-4.
Crossref

 
 

Almasaudi SB (2018). Acinetobacter spp. as nosocomial pathogens: Epidemiology and resistance features. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 25:586-596.
Crossref

 
 

Alsultan AA, Evans BA, Elsayed EA, Al-Thawadi SI, Al-Taher AY, Amyes SGB, Al-Dughaym AM, Hamouda A (2013). High frequency of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumanniiin patients with diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Medical Microbiology 62:885-888.
Crossref

 
 

Baadani AM, Baig K, Alfahad WA, Aldalbahi S, Omrani AS (2015). Physicians' knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes toward antimicrobial prescribing in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal 36:613-619.
Crossref

 
 

Bader MS, Loeb M, Brooks AA (2017). An update on the management of urinary tract infections in the era of antimicrobial resistance. Postgraduate Medical 129(2):242-258.
Crossref

 
 

Bahashwan SA, El Shafey HM (2013). Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Proteus isolates from clinical specimens. European Scientific Journal 9(27):188-202.

 
 

Barrow GI, Felthan RKA (2003). Cowan and Steel's Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria. 3rd Ed. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge UK. pp. 351-353.

 
 

Beggs C, Kerr K, Snelling A, Sleigh P (2006). Acinetobacter spp. and the clinical environment. Indoor and Built Environment 15:19-24.
Crossref

 
 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) (2013). Office of Infectious Disease Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States.

 
 

Cheesbrough M (2006). District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries Part-2. 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press.
Crossref

 
 

Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) (2017). Performance standards for antimicrobial disk susceptibility tests, 27th ed. Approved standard M02-A12.Wayne, Pa.

 
 

Doughari HJ, Ndakidemi PA, Human IS, Benade S (2011). The ecology, biology and pathogenesis of Acinetobacter spp.: an overview. Microbes and Environments 26(2):101-12.
Crossref

 
 

Eber MR, Shardell M, Schweizer ML, Laxminarayan R, Perencevich EN (2011). Seasonal and temperature-associated increases in Gram negative bacterial bloodstream infections among hospitalized patients. PLoS One 6(9):e25298.
Crossref

 
 

Falagas ME, Vardakas KZ, Roussos NS (2015). Trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole for Acinetobacter spp.: a review of current microbiological and clinical evidence. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 46 (3):231-241.
Crossref

 
 

Fares A (2013). Factors Influencing the seasonal patterns of infectious diseases. International Journal of Preventive Medicine 4(2):128-132.

 
 

Fishbain J, Peleg AY (2010). Treatment of Acinetobacter infections. Clinical Infectious Diseases 51(1):79-84.
Crossref

 
 

Ghanem S, El Shafey HM, El Kelani TA, Manzoor N (2017). Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Klebsiella isolates from clinical samples in a Saudi hospital. African Journal of Microbiology Research 11(23):965-971.
Crossref

 
 

Haseeb A, Faidah HS, Bakhsh AR, Malki WH, Elrggal ME, Saleem F, Rahman SU, Khan TM, Hassali MA (2016). Antimicrobial resistance among pilgrims: a retrospective study from two hospitals in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 47:92-94.
Crossref

 
 

Howard A, O'Donoghue M, Feeney A, Sleator RD (2012). Acinetobacter baumannii: An emerging opportunistic pathogen. Virulence 3(3):243-250.
Crossref

 
 

Jain R, Danziger LH (2004). Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter infections: an emerging challenge to clinicians. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 38:1449-1459.
Crossref

 
 

Kamolvit W, Sidjabat HE, Paterson DL (2015). Molecular epidemiology and mechanisms of carbapenem resistance of Acinetobacter spp. in Asia and Oceania. Microbial Drug Resistance 21:424-434.
Crossref

 
 

Kanafani ZA, Kanj SS (2014). Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/acinetobacter-infection-treatment-and-prevention.

 
 

Magliano E, Grazioli V, Deflorio L, Leuci AI, Mattina R, Romano P (2012). Gender and Age-dependent etiology of community-acquired urinary tract infections. Science World Journal 2012:1-6.
Crossref

 
 

Manchanda V, Sanchaita S, Singh NP (2010). Multidrug Resistant Acinetobacter. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases 2(3): 291-304.
Crossref

 
 

Masoud EA, Mahdy ME, Esmat AM (2011). Bacterial Prevalence and Resistance to Antimicrobial Agents in Southwest, Saudi Arabia. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 3(1):105-111.

 
 

Oqunshe AAO (2006). In vitro phenotypic antibiotic resistance in bacterial flora of some indigenous consumed herbal medications in Nigeria. Journal of Rural and Tropical Public Health 5:9-15.

 
 

Peleg AY, Seifert H, Paterson DL (2008). Acinetobacter baumannii: emergence of a successful pathogen. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 21:538-582.
Crossref

 
 

Perencevich EN, McGregor JC, Shardell M, Furuno JP, Harris AD, Morris JG Jr, Fisman DN, Johnson JA (2008). Summer Peaks in the Incidences of Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection Among Hospitalized Patients. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 29(12):1124-1131.
Crossref

 
 

Prestinaci F, Pezzotti P, Pantosti A (2015). Antimicrobial resistance: a global multifaceted phenomenon. Pathogens and Global Health 109(7):309-318.
Crossref

 
 

Richet H (2012). Seasonality in Gram-negative and healthcare-associated infections. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 18(10):934-40.
Crossref

 
 

Rotimi VO, Al-Sweih NA, Feteih J (1998). The prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Gram negative bacterial isolates in two ICUs in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 30:53-59
Crossref

 
 

Saeed NK, Kambal AM, El-Khizzi NA (2010). Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in a general intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal 31:1341-1349.

 
 

Saeed WM, Ghanem S, El Shafey HM, Manzoor N (2018a). In vitro antibiotic resistance patterns of Pseudomonas spp. isolated from clinical samples of a hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Microbiology Research 12(1):19-26.
Crossref

 
 

Saeed WM, Ghanem S, El Shafey, HM, Manzoor N (2018b). Assessment of antimicrobial resistance patterns in Escherichia coli isolated from clinical samples in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Microbiology Research 12(13):321-326.
Crossref

 
 

Teillant A, Gandra S, Barter D, Morgan DJ, Laxminarayan R (2015). Potential burden of antibiotic resistance on surgery and cancer chemotherapy antibiotic prophylaxis in the USA: a literature review and modelling study. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 15(12):1429-37.
Crossref

 
 

Yezli S, Shibl AM, Livermore DM, Memish ZA (2014). Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative pathogens in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Chemotherapy 26(5):257-272.
Crossref

 
 

Zowawi HM (2016). Antimicrobial resistance in Saudi Arabia: An urgent call for an immediate action. Saudi Medical Journal J. 37(9):935-940.
Crossref