African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2286

Full Length Research Paper

Designing polyethylene oxide and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose matrix tablets with comparable dissolution properties

Petra Draksler
  • Petra Draksler
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, AÅ¡kerčeva cesta 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
  • Google Scholar
Biljana Janković
  • Biljana Janković
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, AÅ¡kerčeva cesta 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 07 May 2020
  •  Published: 31 May 2020

Abstract

PolyoxTM coagulant (molecular weight 5 × 106 Da) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) K4M (USP substitution type 2208) were used to identify the composition variables that ensure the production of polyethylene oxide (PEO) matrix tablets with the same dissolution characteristics as those containing HPMC. Based on the dissolution results obtained using Apparatus 3, a 53% concentration of PEO polymer in the matrix tablet generates comparable drug release as matrix tablets containing 37% HPMC. During the dissolution test, several conditions simulating mechanical stresses in the gastrointestinal tract were investigated, in order to assess the robustness of the gel layer formed in selected PEO and HPMC matrix tablets. Increased mechanical stresses enhanced gel erosion from both matrix tablets evaluated and increased the drug release rate by approximately 10% regardless of the polymer type used. The HPMC gel layer formed was more resilient to mechanical stress and resulted in significantly slower drug release when compared to PEO matrix tablets with the same polymer concentration (37%). The research showed that gel robustness and the PEO polymer percolation threshold are dependent on the mechanical stresses applied. The percolation threshold changed from 30 to 37% when different mechanical stress was applied on Apparatus 2 and 3, respectively. The study revealed that the selection of in vitro dissolution method as well as polymer concentration is important for the evaluation of gel mechanical robustness.

Key words: Polyethylene oxide (PEO), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), drug release, percolation threshold, matrix tablets.