Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2008

Full Length Research Paper

A study on the reduction of the depression level and improvement of the psychological adjustment level of university students through a counseling programme, using Beck's theories of depression

Ibraheem Malii
  • Ibraheem Malii
  • Department of Psychological Counseling, The World Islamic and Science Education University, Jordan.
  • Google Scholar
Basma Alshareef
  • Basma Alshareef
  • Department of Psychology, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 August 2017
  •  Accepted: 26 October 2017
  •  Published: 10 December 2017


This study aims to investigate the reduction of university students' depression level as well as improvement of their psychological adjustment level through a counseling programme, using Beck's Theories of depression. The sample of this study was randomly selected, and categorized into two groups: experimental and control groups. The former consists of 15 students, who were counseled in a session per week, while the latter consists of 15 students, who were not counseled. The counseling was done in 8 sessions, with 90 minutes spent for each session. This study had two variables: counseling program was the independent variable, while dependent variable was depression and psychological adjustment. The results of One-way Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) show that in the depression level of the students, there were significant differences between the experimental group and control group; for psychological adjustment level, there were no significant differences between both groups.

Key words: Beck's theory, depression, adjustment.