Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1865

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of sport mental toughness and psychological wellbeing in undergraduate student athletes

Bulent Okan Micoogullari*
  • Bulent Okan Micoogullari*
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, 50300 Nevşehir, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar
Ugur Odek
  • Ugur Odek
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, 50300 Nevşehir, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar
Ozkan Beyaz
  • Ozkan Beyaz
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, 50300 Nevşehir, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 04 April 2017
  •  Published: 23 April 2017

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the relationships between sport mental toughness (SMT) and psychological wellbeing (PWB) of undergraduate student athletes. Mental toughness represents the ability of a person to cope with the demands of training and competition, increased determination, focus, confidence, and maintain control under pressure. Mental toughness has been explained as the ability of an athlete to cope with the requests of practice and competition, improved determination, focus, self-confidence and keeping control under pressure. The concept of PWB has been introduced in eudaimonic part as the realization of potential through some form of struggle. The sample of the study constituted by 130 participants from two Turkish universities, included participants from a Physical Education and Sport Education program from four years of standard undergraduate study. To assess mental toughness, the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ) (Sheard et al., 2009) was administered; while to assess PWB, Ryff’s PWB scale (1989a) were given to volunteer participants. To identify the internal consistency of the validated questionnaires, Cronbach’s alpha score was used. The relationship between SMT and PWB was identified by conduction of Pearson Product Moment Correlations. To check for age, gender and level of the study, the hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses was used to examine the predictive capacity of mental toughness on PWB. Multiple linear regression analyses’ findings revealed that sub-dimensions of SMT were moderate to strong predictors of PWB with between 40 and 66% of variance explained. Consequently, the demographic factors were not found to predict PWB. These results are consistent with the assumptions and continue to show the potential importance of SMT within the physical education and sports learning environments.

Key words: Mental toughness, psychological wellbeing, student athlete.