Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1913

Full Length Research Paper

Scale of vocabulary learning strategies for learners of Turkish as a foreign language: A scale development study

Deniz MelanlioÄŸlu
  • Deniz MelanlioÄŸlu
  • Department of Turkish Language Education, Faculty of Education, Kırıkkale University Kırıkkale, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 10 May 2020
  •  Accepted: 17 June 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020


It does not seem to be possible to teach all the words needed by learners of Turkish as a foreign language in the target language just through classroom applications. Thus, students should be taught vocabulary learning strategies that will contribute to their independent learning and raise their awareness of vocabulary learning processes. In this regard, the purpose of the current study is to develop a scale to determine the vocabulary learning strategies used by learners of Turkish as a foreign language. The data of the current study were collected from a total of 507 students attending Turkish teaching centres in five different cities of Turkey. In the development of the scale, all stages of scale development process were followed and then the required reliability calculations were performed. On the basis of the scores obtained from the scale, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to test the construct validity of the scale. As a result of the factor analysis, it was found that the scale consists of four factors that are “learning process”, “technological material”, “psychological process” and “visual materials” and its Cronbach Alpha internal consistency value was calculated to be 0.86. After the completion of all the stages of scale development, a 23-item scale whose psychometric features had been examined was developed to be used to determine students’ vocabulary learning strategies.
Key words: Teaching Turkish as a foreign language, vocabulary learning strategies scale, vocabulary, word.