Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2006

Full Length Research Paper

The validity and reliability study of the sports facility utilization scale of university students: The case of Karabük University

  • Serdar CEYHUN
  • Karabuk University, Hasan DoÄŸan School of Physical Education and Sports Balıklar Kayası Mevkii 78350 Karabuk, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 19 September 2015
  •  Accepted: 05 October 2015
  •  Published: 23 October 2015


This study aims to develop a valid and reliable measurement instrument with the intent of determining the interest levels of university students towards utilizing sports facilities. In the context, target population of the study consists of the Karabük University while its sampling consists of 700 (290 females and 410 males) students who study in different departments. During the preparation of the scale, phases of determining scale items, preparing test scale, implementing the scale, determining reliability and validity were applied respectively. Firstly, the scale was created from the items selected from the item pool for the test application and exploratory factor analysis was conducted to the data collected from this draft. As a result of the exploratory factor analysis which was conducted for construct validity, it was concluded that the scale was of a single factoral construct and explained 40.39% of the total variance. The factor load values of the 13 items which constitute the single factor vary between .35 and .80. The fit of the factor and the items constituting this factor was examined through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). When the fit index values obtained as a result of CFA and error values were evaluated, it was concluded that the 13 items exhibited perfect with the single factoral construct. When the Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient was evaluated to calculate the internal consistency coefficient of the scale, it was concluded that it had a high level of reliability with .87.  

Key words: University youths, sports facilities, sports areas, service, scale.