Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2004

Full Length Research Paper

Relationship between Chinese college students’ perceived transformational leadership by physical education teachers and their exercise adherence: The mediating role of physical self-efficacy

Wei Ke
  • Wei Ke
  • Chinese International College, Dhurakij Pundit University, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Google Scholar
Jianhao Huang
  • Jianhao Huang
  • Chinese International College, Dhurakij Pundit University, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 May 2023
  •  Accepted: 31 May 2023
  •  Published: 31 July 2023

Abstract

The interruption of regular physical exercise among Chinese college students is a key cause of the lack of motivation to exercise. Therefore, on the basis of self-efficacy theory, this study analysed the interrelationships between the perception of transformational leadership in physical education (PE) by teachers, physical self-efficacy, and exercise adherence among Chinese college students. A questionnaire survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 448 students from five universities in Hebei Province, China. They perceived transformational leadership by PE teachers to significantly positively influence exercise adherence. In addition, physical self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between college students’ perceptions of transformational leadership by PE teachers and exercise adherence. These findings suggest that university administrators could encourage PE teachers to make greater use of transformational leadership and improve education and guidance regarding physical self-efficacy for college students to promote exercise adherence.

 

Key words: Transformational leadership, physical self-efficacy, exercise adherence, college students.