Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1949

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of terrorism on managerial efficiency of heads of secondary schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Usman Ghani Khattak
  • Usman Ghani Khattak
  • Sarhad University of Science and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Google Scholar
Javed Iqbal
  • Javed Iqbal
  • Sarhad University of Science and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 05 August 2014
  •  Accepted: 19 March 2015
  •  Published: 10 April 2015


Abbas H (2004) Pakistan's drift into extremism; Allah the Army and Americans war on Terror, Armonk; ME. Sharpe.


Alan K (2005) Terrorism in South Asia. Report for Congress. Congressional Research services (CSR), Library of congress (USA).


Bhatto B (2008). Reconcilation: Islam, Democracy and the West, 24 Distinguished Lecture series. Otto/ Ijanikin: Adnerian Ogunsanya College of Education


Branch GF, Hanushek EA, Rivkin SG (2013). Measuring the impact of effective principals. Education Next 13:1.



Charles T (2002) A History of Iraq - Second Edition. Cambridge University Press (UK).


Daraz U (2008) Community Response towards Taliban Movements, Unpublished BS (Hons) thesis, Department of sociology; University of Malakand


Deen T (2005) Politics: UN Member State struggle to define terrorism. Inter Press service.


Eisenberg D, Gollust SE, Golberstein E, Hefner JL (2007). prevalence and Correlates of depression,anxiety and suicidity among university students; Am. J. Orthopsychiatry, 77(4):534-542.


Elmore RF (2004). School Reform from the Inside Out: Policy, Practice, and Performance. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.


Fullan M (2010). All (systems(go.(Thousand Oaks, CA. Corwin Press; Toronto: Ontario!Principals!Council. Hoffman N (1998) Inside Terrorism Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-1148-


Irshad M (2011). Terrorism in Pakistan: Causes & Remedies. The Dialogue, Volume VI Number 3.


Jackson SL (2009). Research methods and statistics: A critical thinking approach (3rd ed) Belmont, CA: Wardswarth.


Jennis V 7 Geipele int (2006) Assessment of managerial efficiency. Raga Technical University 2006(6), 175-182.


Kennedy CH (2005). Single case-research designs for educational research. Boston: Pearson education Inc.


Khan MK (2009). Analyzing Domestic Terrorism as a threat to Pakistan security and the policy Response IPR J. 9, no


Lunenburg FC, Ornstein AO (2008). Educational administration: Concepts and practices (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage.


Martyn H (2002). Educational Research, Policymaking and Practice. London: Paul Chapman.


Mertens DM (2005). Research methods in education and psychology: Integrating diversity with quantitative and qualitative approaches (2nd ed) Thousand Oaks: Sage.


Michael S (2007). Terrorism a Socio-Economic and Political Phenomenon with Special Reference to Pakistan. J. Manage. Soc. Sci. 3(1):35-46.


Naizaro LM (2012). Sample and Sampling Techniques. Retrieved from sample-sampling-techniques.


Numberg (2001) Head Games started with Robespierre terrorism. The history of The very frightening world. San Francisco Chronicle.


Obanya (2006) Teaching without teacher, 24 Distinguished Lecture series. Otto/Ijanikin: Adnerian Ogunsanya college of Education.


Rana (2005) The seed of Terrorism; London: new Millennium Rousmaniere K. (2013) The Principal's Office; A Social History of the American School Principal: Sunny Press, US


Reddy M (2006) Research paper on managerial efficiency A product of Leadership, management & Teaming skills.


Saigol (2010). Radicalization of state and society in Pakistan. Heinrich Boll shifting Pakistan.


Siddiqui A (2007). Pakistan on Red Alert against possible Militant Black Lash. Daily Times 11 July, 2007.