Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 285

Full Length Research Paper

Vegetable soybean, edamame: Research, production, utilization and analysis of its adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mahoussi Kadoukpe Arnaud Djanta
  • Mahoussi Kadoukpe Arnaud Djanta
  • Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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Eric Etchikinto Agoyi
  • Eric Etchikinto Agoyi
  • Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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Symphorien Agbahoungba
  • Symphorien Agbahoungba
  • Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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Florent Jean-Baptiste Quenum
  • Florent Jean-Baptiste Quenum
  • School of Sciences and Techniques of Crop Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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Flora Josiane Chadare
  • Flora Josiane Chadare
  • School of Sciences and Techniques for Preservation and Processing of Agricultural products, National University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 114, Sakete, Benin.
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Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo
  • Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo
  • Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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Clement Agbangla
  • Clement Agbangla
  • Laboratory of Genetics and Biotechnologies, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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Brice Sinsin
  • Brice Sinsin
  • Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P. O. Box 526, Cotonou, Benin.
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  •  Received: 25 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 10 October 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

Food and nutritional insecurity constitute a main challenge in most Sub-Sahara African countries. Efforts to provide diets with sufficient nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and essential minerals should include the introduction of new vegetable and legume crops. Vegetable soybean “edamame”, is a nutritious vegetable legume well known and consumed in Asia and America, but underutilized in Africa. This review paper aims at documenting the existing information on edamame and analyzing the potentials for its use in Sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis of the existing literature revealed that vegetable soybean provides great advantages in term of production because of good market value of the fresh pods having a good market value and high demand on both local and international markets. Then, the consumption of edamame can also really contribute to reducing nutritional deficiencies in children and even adults, through its great nutritional content and good health benefits. Therefore, edamame is a good crop to promote in Africa. The promotion of edamame requires many research activities starting from evaluation of agro-ecological adaptation, determination of consumers’ preferences and genetic improvement based on farmers, processors and consumers’ needs, in order to sustain a seed system for the crop.

Key words: Food security, genetic improvement, seed system, sub-Saharan Africa, vegetable soybean.