Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 18 August 2011; 5(16)

August 2011

Environmental eco-physiology and economical potential of the halophyte Crithmum maritimum L. (Apiaceae)

The present contribution reviews information on Crithmum maritimum L., a facultative halophyte belonging to the Apiaceae family and typical of coastal ecosystems. It grows wild on maritime rocks, piers, breakwaters and sandy beaches along the Mediterranean, Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Its propagation by germination, vegetative multiplication and the in vitroculture techniques is quite easy. Salinities...

Author(s): Abdallah Atia, Zouhaier Barhoumi, Rabhi Mokded, Chedly Abdelly and Abderrazak Smaoui

August 2011

Crude sample preparation, extraction and in vitro screening for antimicrobial activity of selected wound healing medicinal plants in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A review

Plant materials (leaves, stems, bulbs and roots) of many species of medicinal plants are used in the treatment of skin conditions and wound healing. Indigeneous people are known to widely use the crude extracts of many plants. A large number of plants  have been identified for their antimicrobial activities for various medicinal ailments particularly for skin conditions and wound healing. Plant extracts...

Author(s): S. Ghuman and R. M. Coopoosamy

August 2011

A review of phytochemistry and bioactivity of quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.)

Phytochemicals isolated from quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) were reviewed along with their bioactivities tested on animal models and in vitro tests. The review covers the findings from traditional medicines of different nations to the recent investigations and consisted of 52 references.   Key words: Phytochemicals, Cydonia maliformis, Cydonia vulgaris, Pyrus cydonia.

Author(s): Maryam Khoubnasabjafari and Abolghasem Jouyban

August 2011

A review of chemistry and bioactivities of a medicinal spice: Foeniculum vulgare

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. with common name fennel, is a very popular spice as well as an important traditional Chinese medicine. The plant is native to Southern Europe and Mediterranean region. It has two important subspecies of Capillaceum and Piperitum. It mainly contains essential oil, fatty acids and phenolic compounds, etc. The most intense odor compounds of fennel are trans-anethole,...

Author(s): Weiping He, and Baokang Huang

August 2011

Novel in-vitro antimicrobial activity of Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek against highly resistant bacterial and fungal pathogens

The ever rising resistant bacteria and fungi resulted in finding novel antimicrobial sources and agents. Studies confirmed that mung beans have increased phenolic compounds and enhanced defenses during germination. We hypothesized that antimicrobial activities might be found in sprouts of mung beans (MBS), or Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek. The screening method was conducted using disc diffusion assay against...

Author(s): Rand Riadh Hafidh, Abdulamir A. S., Law Se Vern, Fatimah Abu Bakar, Faridah Abas, Fatemeh Jahanshiri and Zamberi Sekawi

August 2011

Isolation and characterization of NaCl-tolerant mutations in two important legumes, Clitoria ternatea L. and Lathyrus sativus L.: Induced mutagenesis and selection by salt stress

Six best performing mutants exhibiting NaCl-tolerance were identified in gamma ray induced M2 progeny of three different varieties of Clitoria ternatea L. and Lathyrus sativus L. each by preliminary assessment of plant growth under salt stress. Salt tolerance of these six mutants, designated as CR1 and CR2 in C. ternatea and as LR1, LR2, LR3 and LR4 inL. sativus was evaluated by...

Author(s): Dibyendu Talukdar

August 2011

Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil from the aerial part of Artemisia annua

Artemisia annua is widely used as a key component of traditional Chinese medicine in China. The components of the essential oil extracted by hydro distillation from the stems and spikes of A. annua were identified using chromatography–mass spectrometry(GC/MS). The stem oil was composed of 50 components, while the spike oil contained 41 components. 30 compounds were found in both oils. 18...

Author(s): Yan LI , Hao-bin HU, Xu-dong ZHENG, Ji-hua ZHU and Li-ping LIU

August 2011

Statistical evaluation and comparison of operational indices and analyzing cost-benefit of different regions of Iranian program of screening for congenital hypothyroidism

The screening program prevents the main complication of the disease that is, mental retardation by diagnosing the disease (most often in the 2nd up to 3rd week of birth) and immediate treatment. The aim of this study is conducting a comparison between percentage of screened recalled newborns, percentage of recognized patients among the recalled newborns, and analyzing cost-benefit of different regions of screening in...

Author(s): Ali Mohammadzadeh K. H., Yarahmadi S. H., Tabibi S. J. and Ebrazeh A.

August 2011

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of endophytes from Tabebuia argentea and identification of anticancer agent (lapachol)

Thirteen different endophytic fungi were isolated from different parts of Tabebuia argentea. These endophytic fungal extracts were prepared, using ethyl acetate and evaluated for their phytochemical constituents. Aspergillus niger and Alternaria alternata yielded saponins, phenolic compounds, anthraquinones, steroids, cardiac glycosides and tannins. Other endophytes yielded less phytochemical...

Author(s): Sadananda T. S., Nirupama R., Chaithra K., Govindappa M., Chandrappa C. P.and Vinay Raghavendra B.

August 2011

Internal transcribed spacers (ITS) identification of Angelica anomala Lallem Chuanbaizhi (in Chinese) cultivars collected in Sichuan and their molecular phylogenetic analysis with other Angelica L. species

Nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) targets, especially internal transcribed spacers (ITS) ITS1 and ITS2, have been widely used for molecular identification of some plants. We therefore, conducted an investigation in the identification of the Angelica anomala cultivars collected in Sichuan using the ITS universal primers. About 700 bp fragments were initially obtained from the famous-region drugs sample of Zhongji...

Author(s): Yang He #, Pei Hou#, Gang Fan, Zhen Song, Huai Liu, Yufeng Li and Yi Zhang

August 2011

Histological study of wound healing potential by ethanol leaf extract of Strobilanthes crispus in rats

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of topical application of ethanol extract ofStrobilanthes crispus leaf on the rate of wound healing closure and histology of healed wound. Four groups of male Sprague Dawley rats, all were experimentally wound in the posterior neck area. An area of uniform wound 2 cm in diameter using circular stamp, was excised from the nape of the dorsal neck of all rats with the...

Author(s): N. Al-Henhena, A. A. Mahmood, A. Al-magrami, A. B. Nor Syuhada, A. A. Zahra, M. D. Summaya, M. S. Suzi and I. Salmah

August 2011

Chemical composition of essential oil and antibacterial activity of extracts from flower of Allium atroviolaceum

Essential oils of Allium atroviolaceum flowers collected from Mazandaran province in Kojur on late May 2010 were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS) for determining their chemical composition and identification of their chemotypes. Their antibacterial activity was studied in vitro on five bacterial strains: Bacillus...

Author(s): Dehpour A. A., Babakhani B., Khazaei S. and Asadi M.

August 2011

‘Naobitong’ reduces hyperalgesia, decreases interleukin-6 level and ameliorates inflamed joint in arthritic rats

This study was to investigate the effects of Chinese medicinal compound ‘Naobitong’ (NBT) on hyperalgesia, serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) level, histo-pathological changes and X-ray images of inflamed joint in adjuvant-induced arthritic rats. Monoarthritic model was induced by intra-articular (tibio-tarsal joint) injection of complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA). Aspirin (100 mg/kg) and normal saline were used...

Author(s): Shan Gong#, Qian Liang#,  Chiyi Kwok , Zhenlun Gu, Jin Tao and Xinghong Jiang

August 2011

Medico-ethnobotanical studies of edible wild fruit plants species from the flora of north western Pakistan (D. I. Khan district)

The present research work is based on 11 wild edible fruit plants species belonging to 8 genera of 8 families. The plants are: Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew, Cordia dichotomaForster, Cordia myxa L., Grewia tenax (Forsk.) Fiori, Monotheca buxifolia (Falc.) Dcne. ex Engler, Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff.) Aitchison, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., Salvadora...

Author(s): Sarfaraz Khan Marwat, Fazal-ur-Rehman, Khalid Usman, Abdul Aziz Khakwani, Said Ghulam, Naveed Anwar, Muhammad Sadiq and Shah Jehan Khan 

August 2011

Purified alkaloid extract of Scutellaria barbata inhibits proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE-1 cells by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at S phase

Scutellaria barbata was widely used as an antitumor agent in traditional Chinese Medicine. However, its antitumor components and mechanism remained unclear. In the present study, the effects of purified alkaloid extract of S. barbata (PAESB) on the cultured nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE-1 cells were investigated. MTT assay showed that PAESB could inhibit the proliferation of CNE-1 cells in a dose- and...

Author(s): Tie-shan Wang, Li-jing Chen, Sheng-tan Zhang, Jing-ming Lin and Zhao-yu Wang

August 2011

Biocidal activity of citrus peel essential oils against some food spoilage bacteria

Antibacterial activity of peel essential oils of various Pakistani Citrus species viz. fewtrell’s early [Citrus reticulata (L.) var. Tangerine], orange [C. reticulata (L.) var. Mandarin], mousami [Citrus sinensis (L.)  var. Mousami], malta [C. sinensis (L.) var. Malta], grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.) and Eureka lemon (Citrus limon L.) were evaluated...

Author(s): Shabnam Javed, Amna Javaid, Zaid Mahmood, Arshad Javaid and Fouzia Nasim

August 2011

Antioxidant activities of berberine hydrochloride

In order to explore the mechanism of berberine hydrochloride in treating diabetes, antioxidant activities of the berberine hydrochloride in vitro were carried out. In the present study, our study aimed to examine the antioxidant activity of berberine hydrochloride using different assays including: reducing power, 2,2-diphenyl 1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, ABTS radical scavenging assay,...

Author(s): Aoxue Luo and Yijun Fan

August 2011

In vitro inhibition potential of Lespedeza bicolor Turcz against selected bacterial and fungal strains

During the present study five concentrations (2.0, 1.5, 1.0, 0.5 and 0.025 mg/ml) of crude methanolic extract of Lespedeza bicolor was tested against infectious bacterial strains (Escherichia coli: ATCC 25922, Bacillus subtilus: ATCC 6059, Pseudomonas aeruginosa: ATCC 7221 and Staphylococcus aureus: ATCC 6538) and two fungal strains (Candida...

Author(s): Samiullah, Asghari Bano, Rabia Naz and Humaira Yasmin

August 2011

Antioxidant activity and anticarcinogenic properties of “rumput mutiara” {Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.} and “pohpohan” {Pilea trinervia (Roxb.) Wight}

The research was conducted to determine the anticarcinogenic properties of “rumput mutiara” (Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam) and “pohpohan” (Pilea trinervia (Roxb.) Wight), by the microculture tetrazolium salt (MTT) assay on the human breast carcinoma dependent-hormone (MCF-7) cell lines.  The preliminary results showed that the “rumput mutiara” extract displayed the...

Author(s): Susi Endrini

August 2011

Two-dimensional profiling of proteins from Curculigo latifolia fruit by three different extraction protocols

Lemba, Curculigo latifolia (family Hypoxidaceae) is an indigenous plant of Malaysia, found mainly in swampy areas of tropical Asia and Australia. This study was designed to compare the efficiency of three protocols employed for the extraction of proteins from C. latifolia fruitand to find the best compatible with proteomic analysis of fruit on the basis of profiling using two-dimensional...

Author(s): Elham Rastegari, Zalinah Ahmad, David F. Spencer and Maznah Ismai

August 2011

Allium sativum extract induces apoptosis in Leishmania major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) promastigotes

Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease that affects many people in the world, hence researchers are trying to design more effective and safer medicine, because of many limits in present chemical drug. In this regard, botany- derived products are the most attractive materials. The aim of this study was to determine the possible Allium sativum - induced cell death in Leishmania major (L....

Author(s): Shahram Khademvatan, Jasem Saki, Mohammad Javad Gharavi and Fakher Rahim

August 2011

Radix linderae essential oil improving the immunity activities and preventing the occurrence of decubitus in aged people

To investigate the immune enhancement extract of radix linderae essential oil in aged people. One hundred and fifteen aged people over 70 years old were divided into two groups: vehicle-treated group (n=58) and radix linderae essential oil treatment group (n=57). Old peoples’ hips and elbows in radix linderae essential oil treatment group were sprayed with radix linderae essential oil (dissolved in olive oil) for...

Author(s): Liang Zhen Hong

August 2011

Insecticidal properties of Citrus hystrix DC leaves essential oil against Spodoptera litura fabricius

Chemical analyisis by GC and GC-MS revealed presence of 29 compounds in the essential oil fraction of kaffir lime, Citrus hystrix fresh leaves. Beta-citronellal was the major compound present with 66.85% of total oil followed by beta-citronellol (6.59%), linalool (3.90%) and citronellol (1.76%). Insecticidal properties of C. hystrix leaves essential oil was investigated against tobacco army...

Author(s): Fan Siew Loh, Rita Muhamad Awang, Dzolkhifli Omar and Mawardi Rahmani

August 2011

Antidiabetic, cytotoxic activities and phytochemical screening of Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) K. Heyne root

The present investigation was designed to determine the antidiabetic activity of the methanol: ethyl acetate (1:9) extract of root of Peltophorum pterocarpum on alloxan and glucose induced diabetic mouse model. The extract was given intraperitoneally at a dose of 200 and 300 mg/kg body weight and the hypoglycemic effects was compared with standard drug vincristine sulphate, a standard...

Author(s): M. Saiful Islam, Sekendar Ali, Masudur Rahman, Rabiul Islam, Ashraf Ali, A. K. Azad and Md. Rafikul Islam

August 2011

Effect of some plant extracts on Rhizoctonia spp. and Sclerotium hydrophilum

Soilborne phytopathogens affect rice production by inhabiting inoculum permanently in the soil. Pesticides of plant origin are preferred in order to reduce the risks involved in chemical control measure. The present study was conducted to find out bioresource to control some rice pathogens. Sixteen naturally available phytoextracts were tested in vitro for their potential to control phytopathogens of rice,...

Author(s): Seint San Aye and Masaru Matsumoto

August 2011

Antioxidant, antimicrobial activities and fatty acid components of leaf and seed of Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem.

The hexane extracts of leaf and seed of Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem, which were collected from northwestern Iran, were obtained by Soxhlet apparatus. The fatty acids were derived to methyl esters and determined by gas chromatography/flame ionization detector (GC/FID) and gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry (GC/MS) systems. The hexanic extract from the leaf and seed contained ω-3 (17.1 and 48.1%...

Author(s): Ali Shafaghat

August 2011

The effects of different amounts of Mentha pulegium L. (pennyroyal) on performance, carcass traits, hematological and blood biochemical parameters of broilers

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of powdered Mentha pulegium L. (pennyroyal; medicinal plant) obtained from its dried aerial part on performance, carcass traits, hematological and blood biochemical parameters of broilers. 300 broiler chicks (Ross 308) were used in a completely randomized design in five treatments and three replicates (20 birds per replicate) for 42...

Author(s): Nobakht A., Norani J. and Safamehr A.

August 2011

Revealing candidate genes of lung adenocarcinoma by bioinformatics analysis

Lung adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most common form of non-small cell lung cancer. We used the microarray data to construct a regulation network to identify potential genes that related to lung adenocarcinoma. In the network, some of transcription factors and target genes have been proved that are related to lung adenocarcinoma in previous study. We also find some new transcription factors and target genes related to AC;...

Author(s): Peng Ai-mei, Cao Jia and Cui Shi-tao

August 2011

Optimization of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis protocols for Boesenbergia rotunda in vitro suspension culture

Boesenbergia rotunda belongs to the Zingiberaceae family and is abundant in the Southeast Asia. It is widely used as food ingredient and traditional medicine. Biologically, the plant extract contains pharmaceutically important bioactive compounds that exhibit anti-HIV protease, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and antioxidant activities. Proteomics approaches to study the proteins and/or...

Author(s): Tan Eng Chong, Foo Gen Teck, Wong Sher Ming, Noorsaadah Abd Rahman, Norzulaani Khalid, Saiful Anuar Karsani, Shatrah Othman, and Rohana Yusof,

August 2011

In vitro anti-Leishmania amazonensis activity of the polymeric procyanidin-rich aqueous extract from Syagrus coronata

Leishmania amazonensis is one of the major etiological agents of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis, which is frequently unresponsive to all known treatments. Syagrus coronata(Arecaceae) is a palm tree with industrial applications used in local medicine by the Brazilian “caatinga” communities. This work evaluates the in vitro leishmanicidal activity ofS. coronata on L....

Author(s): Igor A. Rodrigues, Daniela S Alviano, Marta T. Gomes, Davi O. Silva, Rosemar Antoniassi, Antonio Jorge R. Silva, Humberto R. Bizzo, Celuta S. Alviano, Alane B. Vermelho and Maria do Socorro S. Rosa

August 2011

In vitro antibacterial activities of the methanol extract of Ziziphus mucronata Willd. subsp. mucronata Willd.

The antibacterial activity of crude methanolic extract of Ziziphus mucronata Willd. subsp. mucronata Willd. against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were investigated using agar and macrobroth dilution methods. The extract had effective activities against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The agar dilution method indicated that the organisms were susceptible at...

Author(s): O. O. Olajuyigbe and A. J. Afolayan

August 2011

Morpho-playnological and foliar epidermal anatomy of genus Cenchrus L.

This study confined to four species of genus Cenchrus using multiple parameters that is morphology, epidermal leaf anatomy (LM and SEM) and palynology (LM and SEM). The species Cenchrus biflorus Roxb, Cenchrus ciliaris Linn., Cenchrus pennisetiformis Hochst. and Steud. ex Steud and Cenchrus setigerus Vahl. Playno-anatomical characterization based on SEM techniques provides useful...

Author(s): Shabnum Shaheen, Mushtaq Ahmad, Farah Khan, Muhammad Zafar, Shazia Sultana, Mir Ajab Khan, Muhammad Khan Leghari, Muhammad Jamil and Hina Fatima

August 2011

Anticonvulsant effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Melissa officinalis on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model of convulsion in mice

Extracts of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm) are extensively used in traditional medicines. This study examined the anticonvulsant activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of M. officinalison pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures threshold in mice. The fresh leaves and the whole plant of M. officinalis were used by a routine method to produce an injectable solution for...

Author(s): Reza Ebrahimi Hariry

August 2011

Establishment and standards for “high risk medicines” management system

The clinical, cost-effective and safe use of medicines to ensure patients get the maximum benefit from the medicines they need, while at the same time minimizing potential harm. In this paper, we described “high risk medicines” management system designed by General Hospital of Beijing Military Region. This software has been applied in our hospital for two years, it effectively reduces risk and improves...

Author(s): Shiguang Sun, Xiaodi Sun, Qinggui Zhou, Hui Yan, Xiumin Li, Jie Cui, Jianfang Liu, Shujie Wang, Lihua Li and Shoucheng Liu

August 2011

Adjuvant effect of a novel water-soluble polysaccharide isolated from the stem of Physalis alkekengi L. var. francheti (Mast.) Makino

Water-soluble polysacchride (WSP) was isolated and purified from the mature stem ofPhysalis alkekengi L. var. francheti (Mast.) Makino, which is a traditional Chinese medicine herb. Gas chromatography (GC) analysis indicated that WSP was an acid heteropolysaccharide, which was composed of Rha, Ara, Gal, Glc and GalA in molar ratio of 2.6 : 1.0 : 6.5 : 3.5 : 2.4. More importantly, adjuvant activity of WSP was evaluated...

Author(s): Dongjie Shang, Lili Zhang, Shuying Han and Guiyun Wang

August 2011

Amplification of allyl isothiocyanate in red cabbage using high hydrostatic pressure treatment

Red cabbage contains sinigrin which is hydrolyzed to form allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) by myrosinase. AITC has antimicrobial, anticancer, and cytoprotective activities. Here, high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment (100 to 400 MPa) and subsequent incubation (20 to 80°C) were employed to amplify AITC content in red cabbage. The highest quantity of AITC was 39.6 μmol/kg fresh weight from a HHP treatment of 400 MPa...

Author(s): Song Yi Koo, Kwang Hyun Cha, Dae-Geun Song, Donghwa Chung, Dong-Un Leeand Cheol-Ho Pan  

August 2011

Effects of ginger supplementation and resistance training on lipid profiles and body composition in obese men

This study was conducted to determine the effect of ginger supplementation and progressive resistance training on lipid profiles and body composition in obese men. Hence, 32 obese male (BMI≥ 30) were allocated in four groups. Ginger (GI; n=8); ginger plus resistance training (GIRT; n=8); placebo (PL; n=8); placebo plus resistance training (PLRT; n=8). The exercise groups supervised whole body progressive resistance...

Author(s): Sirvan Atashak, Maghsoud Peeri, Afshar Jafari and Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani

August 2011

Total lipid profile and faecal cholesterol with aqueous fruit extract of Solanum macrocarpum in triton-induced hyperlipidaemic albino rats

Studies were undertaken to investigate the effect of the aqueous fruit extract of Solanum macrocarpum on the total lipid profile [total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C)] and faecal cholesterol on triton-induced hyperlipidaemic rats. Total serum cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-C were lowered in the hyperlipidaemic rats...

Author(s): O. A. Sodipo, F. I. Abdulrahman, U. K. Sandabe and J. A. Akinniyi

August 2011

Effects of treatment with ethanol extract of Gardenia sokotensis on haematological and biochemical changes in Trypanosoma brucei brucei infected rabbits

This study was carried out to determine the comparative effects of 7-day treatment with the ethanolic crude root extract of Gardenia sokotensis (administered orally at dose rate of 60 mg/kg body weight) and diminazen aceturate (Berenil, administered once, intramuscularly, at the dose of 3.5 mg/kg body weight) on Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection-induced changes in serum biochemical and...

Author(s): S. M. Jodi, T. Adamu, U. Abubakar, M. G. Abubakar, U. M. Chafe, V. E. Ukatu, D. M. Sani and S. Adamu

August 2011

Herbs and herbal preparations for glycemic control in diabetes mellitus (a systematic review)

To conduct an updated systematic review of the published literature to fined effective antihyperglycemic herbs and herbal preparations used in clinical trials for improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. We performed an electronic literature search of Medline, Science direct, Scopus, ProQuest, Ebsco, Googlescholar, and Cochrane Library Database, from January 2002 to June 2010. The key outcome for...

Author(s): A. Shojaii, A. Goushegir, F. Hashem Dabaghian, M. Abdollahi Fard and H. Fallah Huseini

August 2011

Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants against multidrug resistant skin pathogens

The development of new antimicrobial agents against multidrug resistant pathogens for the treatment of skin infections is of increasing interest. Therefore, the aqueous and ethanolic extracts from different parts of five medicinal plants used locally in folk medicine were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against the most frequent skin pathogens. It was found that most plant extracts studied had antibacterial and...

Author(s): Maher Obeidat

August 2011

Effects of Boesenbergia rotunda juice on sperm qualities in male rats

Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. is one of Thai medicinal plants locally known for its male sexual enhancing effect. However, the study of other impacts of this plant on the male reproductive system is still very rare. To investigate the effects of B. rotunda on sperm qualities, the fresh juice of this plant was tested on both pre-mature and mature male rats by oral administration at the doses of 60, 120...

Author(s): Sudawadee Yotarlai, Vipavadee Chaisuksunt, Kanokporn Saenphet and Paiwan Sudwan

August 2011

Molecular cloning and expression analysis of a leaf-specific expressing 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase gene from Michelia chapensis Dandy

The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, which is the first committed step in the pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis in plants. In this research, a full-length cDNA encoding HMGR, designated asMichHMGR (GenBank Accession No. DQ098012) was isolated from Michelia chapensisDandy by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length cDNA...

Author(s): Xiao-Ying Cao, Chang-Gen Li, Qian Miao, Zhu-Jun Zheng and Ji-Hong Jiang

August 2011

A potential role of Lavandula angustifolia in the management of diabetic dyslipidemia

Diabetic dyslipidemia is a key contributor to insulin resistance and a risk factor for cardiovascular complications in patients with DM type 2. Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) is native of the northern region of Jordan and has been long used in Jordanian folkloric medicine in the management of diabetes. To our knowledge, this is the first manuscript to study the potential role of the methanolic extract of...

Author(s): Ala Issa, Mohammad Mohammad, Mohammad Hudaib, Khalid Tawah, Talal Abu Rjai, Sawsan Oran and Yasser Bustanji

August 2011

Monoterpene composition of flower and bract from Houttuynia cordata

Houttuynia cordata Thunb. is an aromatic and medicinal wild herb. However, little information is available about the monoterpene composition of the flowers and bracts. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) analyses led to the identification of 15 monoterpenes in the essential oils of H. cordata accessions w01-39 [chemotype decanal (D)], w01-94 [chemotype myrcene (M)] and w01-100...

Author(s): Y. Wen Xu, Qian Rong Cai, Dan Zhao and Wei Wu

August 2011

Efficacy of few plant extracts against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli, the cause of corm rot of gladiolus

Fungi toxic effects of five medicinal plants namely, Azadirachta indica, Ocimum basilicum,Datura stramonium, Tagetes erecta and Allium sativum were tested at 2, 4, 6 and 8% concentration against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli in vitro. Out of five medicinal plants, extract of A. indica showed maximum mycelial growth inhibition both at 8% concentration (83.5) and...

Author(s): Sobia Chohan, Rashida Atiq, Mirza Abid Mehmood, Safina Naz and Bushra Siddique and Ghazala Yasmin

August 2011

Pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigation of the stem bark of Pistacia integerrima Stew ex Brandis

Pistacia integerrima, is a well known plant among Pakistani indigenous medicinal plants and used very commonly in the management of various diseases. In this research work the pharmacognostic profile, phytochemical and physicochemical parameters of the P. integerrima bark was carried out for standardization, quality, purity and sample identification. Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics...

Author(s): Muhammad Ismail, Shafiq-ur-Rahman, Naveed Muhammad, Nadeem Mohani, Muhammad Asif Khan, Barkatullah and Javid Hussain

August 2011

Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) promotes chondrocyte proliferation via pushing the progression of cell cycle

Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is the major bioactive constituent of Rhizoma Chuanxiong which has long been used as an important component in several Chinese medicine formulations for the clinical treatment of osteoarthritis. However, the molecular mechanism of the therapeutic effect of TMP remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the cellular effects of TMP in cultured primary chondrocytes. Chondrocytes...

Author(s): Xihai Li, Jun Peng, Yanfang Xu, Mingxia Wu, Hongzhi Ye, Chunsong Zheng, Guangwen Wu, Huifeng Xu, Xuzheng Chen and Xianxiang Liu

August 2011

Effects of oral administration of crude leaf extracts of Aglaia loheri Blanco and Ardisia pyramidalis (Cav.) Pers on mouse embryo morphology and maternal reproductive performance

Aglaia loheri Blanco and Ardisia pyramidalis (Cav.) Pers are both endemic plant species with a variety of bioactive compounds, but remain largely untested for their toxicity, and their effects on maternal reproductive performance and fetal morphology. Inbred ICR mice were orally administered with 10 and 5 mg/ml concentrations for A. loheri, and 10 and 1 mg/ml concentrations for A....

Author(s): Annabelle A. Herrera, Rich Ericson C. King and Lerrie Ann D. G. Ipulan

August 2011

Nutritional and physicochemical studies on fruit pulp, seed and shell of indigenous Prunus persica

In this study, we are reporting for the first time a comparative study of the physicochemical and nutritional values and mineral contents of pulp, seed and shell of the local cultivar ofPrunus persica, called Chinensis. The percentage of moisture in pulp (87.6) was much higher than that of seed (7.0) and shell (15.0). Seed had highest percentages of ash (3.36), fat (37.7), crude protein (2.7) and carbohydrates (47.4)...

Author(s): C. M. Ashraf, Shahid Iqbal and Dildar Ahmed

August 2011

Characterization, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) identification and variation of goat c-Kit gene in different populations

Effects of C-kit mutations on coat color has been reported in human, pig and mouse, little is known about it in goat. In this paper, a total of 22472 bp of goat c-Kit gene sequence (HM130675) was determined and 20 variable sites were detected, of which only one (g.40545G>A) existed in exon 16 resulting in p.Gly763Glu, the others all existed in introns. The variation...

Author(s): Hongbo Zhao, Huiqin Zheng, Xianglong Li, Rongyan Zhou and Lanhui Li

August 2011

Drought induced changes in physiological, biochemical and phytochemical properties of Withania somnifera Dun.

Drought (D) stress effects on growth, photosynthetic pigments, photosynthetic electron transport, thylakoid polypeptides and phytochemical variations of Withania (Solanaceae), a tropical medicinal herb were studied. Exposure of plants to D-stress led to noticeable decrease in leaf area, photosynthetic pigments, root and shoot lengths and photosynthetic activity. Well-watered plants maintained high content of...

Author(s): N. D. Kannan and G. Kulandaivelu

August 2011

Screening of aqueous plant extracts against Beauveria Bassiana infection to 5th instar larvae of Bombyx mori L.

Author(s): Jyoti Ashok Chavan, Santosh Jalindar Patil and Ganesh Parashram Bhawane

August 2011

The effect of supplemental dietary chromium on blood glucose, body weight and liver enzymes of rabbits

Dietary trivalent chromium as chromium picolinate supplementation is an essential nutrient for human life and been used at higher dosages to offset problems of malabsorption or to pharmacologically influence the chemistry of blood sugar control in diabetics and has been previously studied on the basis of non-randomized clinical trials. It is also recognized as one of 15 trace elements critical for proper physiological...

Author(s): Madeeha Malik, Shahzad Hussain, Farnaz Malik, Tipu Sultan, Hussain Ali, Abdul Hameed, Naila Abbasi and Khan Usmanghani

August 2011

Anthelmintic activity of the white wormwood, Artemisia herba-alba against Heterakis gallinarum infecting turkey poults

Artemisia herba-alba is widely used in the Egyptian folk medicine as vermifuge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the proclaimed anthelmintic efficacy of crude aqueous extracts of A. herba-alba, ACEA, in comparison to albendazole, ABZ, againstHeterakis gallinarum infecting turkey poults. 60, 1 day old large white turkey poults (males) were divided into four groups. Group 1 was neither...

Author(s): Shaker A. Seddiek, Mohamed M. Ali, Hanem F. Khater and Mohamed M. El-Shorbagy

August 2011

Studies on traditional knowledge of economically important plants of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra District, Pakistan

In this research paper, efforts have been made to document the traditional knowledge of economically important plants of Kaghan Valley. Studies were conducted during 2009 to 2010 in the months of June to August. As a result, 102 important plant species belonging to 93 genus and 61 families were recorded from all available sources including botanical name, local name, status, part used and economical importance. These...

Author(s): Muhammad Rashid Awan, Zafar Iqbal, Syed Muqarab Shah, Zafar Jamal, Gul Jan, Muhammad Afzal, Abdul Majid and Alia Gul

August 2011

Simultaneous quantification of schisandrin and gomisin A in rat plasma by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS): Application to a pharmacokinetic study

A simple, accurate and sensitive liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) method was established and validated for the simultaneous determination of schisandrin and gomisin A in rat plasma. The analytes of interest were extracted from rat plasma samples by diethyl ether and performed on Hypersil-C18 (150 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 mm) with the mobile phase of methanol –water (72:28). The...

Author(s): Ying Zhang, Qing Li, Wen-tao Liu, Xiao-hui Chen, Ying Zhang, Xian-min You, Gui-xin Zou, Ting-guo Kang and Kai-shun Bi

August 2011

Antibacterial activity of extracts of twelve common medicinal plants from the Philippines

The antibacterial activity of the n-hexane, acetone/dichloromethane, ethanol and aqueous extracts of twelve common medicinal plants from the Philippines obtained through pounding and solvent extraction was evaluated using disc Agar diffusion. The microorganisms tested were: Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Susceptibility test results showed...

Author(s): Gerard L. Penecilla and Celia P. Magno

August 2011

Phytochemical compounds and antibacterial activity of Jatropha curcas Linn. extracts

The present study was conducted to determine the phytochemical compounds in different solvent extracts of Jatropha curcas Linn. plant and antibacterial activity of crude extracts. Aqueous, methanolic and hexane extracts of various plant parts were analysed for phytochemical compounds by spectrophotometry, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS)....

Author(s): A. Namuli, N. Abdullah, C. C. Sieo, S. W. Zuhainis and E. Oskoueian

August 2011

Studying the effect of 1000 grain weight on the sprouting of different species of Salvia L. grown in Iran

The harmful effects of chemicals and the side effects of chemical drugs on human health have a widely focused global attention on herbal drugs and medicinal plants. The increasing use of medicinal plants in the world is more than enough to show the significance of cultivating and producing such plants. Grains of most medicinal plants have very long dormancy periods, so shortening the dormancy period and increasing...

Author(s): Hossein Afshari, Mostafa Eftekhari, Miad Faraji, Abdol Ghaffar Ebadi and Abbas Ghanbarimalidareh

August 2011

Tribulus terrestris Linn.: A review article

Author(s): M. Akram, H. M. Asif, Naveed Akhtar, Pervaiz A. Shah, M. Uzair, Ghazala Shaheen, Tahira Shamim, S. M. Ali Shah and Khalil Ahmad  NOT AVAILABLE