Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3813

Table of Content: 4 January 2011; 5(1)

January 2011

Propagation and chlorophyll fluorescence of Camptotheca acuminata cuttings

The Chinese happy tree, Camptotheca acuminata Decne, is grown extensively in plantations for harvest and extraction of its anti-cancer and potentially anti-viral compound, camptothecin. This study determined whether C. acuminata was amenable to clonal propagation as rooted cuttings and whether application of the rooting hormone, indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), affected chlorophyll fluorescence...

Author(s): Stephen J. Trueman and Donna M. Richardson

January 2011

Bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities of Andrographis paniculata extracts on skin disease causing pathogenic bacteria

Non-polar (dichloromethane) and polar (MeOH and aqueous) extracts of Andrographis paniculata (whole plant) were evaluated for in vitro antibacterial activity against 10 skin disease causing bacterial strains (6 gram positive strains; Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacillus anthracis, Micrococcus luteus) and 4 gram...

Author(s): Abubakar Sule, Qamar U. Ahmed, Othman A. Samah and Muhammad N. Omar

January 2011

An evaluation of the effects of irradiated sodium alginate on the growth, physiological activities and essential oil production of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)

In the present study, sodium alginate, degraded by Co-60 gamma rays, was used to evaluate the efficacy of irradiated sodium alginate (ISA) on Foeniculum vulgare Mill. The aim of this study was to find out the effects of various concentrations of ISA viz. deionised water (control) and UN (un-irradiated), 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 ppm ISA in order to get the best response of fennel in terms of various attributes....

Author(s): Adeeba Sarfaraz, M. Naeem, Shafia Nasir, Mohd Idrees, Tariq Aftab, Nadeem Hashmi, M. Masroor A. Khan, Moinuddin and Lalit Varshney

January 2011

People preferences and use of local medicinal flora in District Tank, Pakistan

The traditional uses of medicinal plants in healthcare practices are providing clues to new areas of research and hence its importance is now well recognized. However, information on the uses of indigenous plants for medicine is not well documented from many rural areas of Pakistan including district Tank. The study aimed to look into the diversity of plant resources that are used by local people for curing various...

Author(s): Lal Badshah and Farrukh Hussain

January 2011

Socio-economic factors for adoption of medicinal plants cultivation in Eshkevarat region, north of Iran

Major research for mass cultivation of medicinal plants in Iran had not been taken. In this context, review of factors affecting adoption of agricultural cultivation of medicinal plants was studied. This study has also been accomplished for the purpose of identification of socio-economic factors effective on the adoption of medicinal plants cultivation in the Eshkevarat region of Iran. A survey was conducted using a...

Author(s): Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini Niyaki, Dariush Ashoori Latmahalleh, Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari and Pedram Doozandeh Masooleh

January 2011

Traditional uses of medicinal plants of Nandiar Khuwarr catchment (District Battagram), Pakistan

An ethno medicinal survey was carried out to collect information regarding the various traditional uses, especially the medicinal plant uses in Nandiar Khuwarr catchment.Floristically the area is placed in Western Himalayan Province. It is located on the western edge of Himalayas, dominated by Sino-Japanese type of vegetation. Aims of the study were to document the medicinal plant resources and their use patterns....

Author(s): Faizul Haq, Habib Ahmad and Mukhtar Alam

January 2011

Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of methanolic extracts from Jatropha curcas Linn.

A comprehensive study on the phytochemical contents and biological activities of the methanolic extract from different parts of Jatropha curcas Linn. was conducted. The extracts of different plant parts contained various levels of phenolics, flavonoids and saponins. Latex and leaf extracts showed the highest antioxidant activity. Root and latex extracts inhibited the inducible nitric oxide synthase in...

Author(s): Ehsan Oskoueian, Norhani Abdullah, Wan Zuhainis Saad, Abdul Rahman Omar, Syahida Ahmad, Wen Bin Kuan, Nor Azlina Zolkifli, Rudi Hendra and Yin Wan Ho

January 2011

Analysis of essential oils of three wild medicinal plants in Albania

Seventeen populations of Orignanum vulgare (four populations), Thymus capitatus (four populations) and Satureja montana (Origanum) were collected from different agro-climatically diverse sites in Albania. Their essential oils were subjected to detailed GC/FID and GC/MS analyses to determine similarities and differences among them for their chemical composition, especially the major...

Author(s): A. Ibraliu, X. Mi, Mihailo Ristić, Zora Dajic Stefanovic and J. Shehu

January 2011

Vegetable and fruit peels as a novel source of antioxidants

Consumers are currently demanding less use of chemicals or minimally processed fruits and vegetables, so more attention had been paid to search for naturally occurring substances. This is particularly true for plant materials that act as alternative antioxidant sources. From this point of view, the present study was designed to evaluate the antioxidant potential of seven fruit and vegetable peels from India. Extraction...

Author(s): Rakholiya Kalpna, Kaneria Mital and Chanda Sumitra

January 2011

Preventing organ injury with carvacrol after renal ischemia/reperfusion

In this study, antioxidant enzyme activities and the histopathologic structure of rats were examined in order to determine the injury that occurs in the liver after renal I/R. There were 5 groups: Group I (Control), Group II (Right nephrectomy + untreated control), Group III (Right nephrectomy + I/R and olive oil treated), Group IV (Right nephrectomy + I/R and 25 carvacrol + olive oil treated group), Group...

Author(s): Mustafa Uyanoglu, Mediha Canbek, Emre Ceyhan, Hakan Senturk, Gokhan Bayramoglu, Ozlem Gunduz, Ahmet Ozen and Ozge Turgak

January 2011

Foliar epidermal anatomy as an aid to the identification of grasses in tribe Aveneae (subfamily Pooideae, Poaceae) from salt range of Pakistan

In the present studies foliar epidermal anatomy regarding 7 species belonging to 5 genera of tribe Aveneae (Poaceae) was carried out. The studies revealed that different leaf anatomical characters, such as presence or absence of rounded short cells, length of long cells, size of stomatal complex and shape of silica bodies, are helpful in the identification of different species and genera within the tribe. Large cells...

Author(s): Farooq Ahmad, Mir Ajab Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Zafar, Ameer Khan, Naveed Iqbal Raja and Zia ur Rehman

January 2011

Clinical study of the effects of baicalin on arrhythmia induced by aconitine poisoning

To investigate the effects of baicalin on arrhythmia, induced by aconitine poisoning sixty acute patients with aconitine poisoning were studied and randomly enrolled into two groups: the experimental group and the control group, according to the number given to the patient when he/she was admitted to the hospital. Odd numbers were used as experimental groups, while even-numbered patients were used as control....

Author(s): Gui-Lin Xiao, Chun-Hu Zhang, Guo-Dong Liu, Fa-Yi Liu, Zhao-Yan Liu, Sui-yu Hu, Xi Huang and Yi-Qiang Jin

January 2011

Seed histology of recalcitrant Eurycoma longifolia plants during germination and its beneficial attribute for hairy roots production

 Seed morphology and histology analysis of Eurycoma longifolia by light microscopes revealed seeds structures of this important medicinal plant at different growing stages. The seed structures of E. longifolia consist of main regions such as epidermis, hypodermis, storage parenchyma and procambium. The cotyledon of E. longifolia develops into a complex and reticulate...

Author(s): Monica Danial, Chan Lai Keng, Syarifah Shahrul Rabiah Syed Alwee and Sreeramanan Subramaniam

January 2011

Simultaneous Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) analysis of five components in Fructus aurantii-type formulae

A simple, rapid and sensitive liquid chromatographic method has been established for simultaneous analysis of five compounds (narirutin, hesperidin, naringin, neohesperidin and meranzin hydrate) in Fructus aurantii-type preparations. The compounds were separated in less than 12 min using a C18 column with gradient elution using (A) acetonitrile, (B) water and (C) acetic acid at a flow rate of 0.3 ml/min and...

Author(s): Wei Huang, Xi Huang,, Zhihua Xing, Feng Qin, Ping Ren, Weiping Liu, Pingping Gan, Xinjian Qiu, Zhaoqian Liu, Honghao Zhou, Licheng Gao and Lan Fan

January 2011

Preparative purification of coniferyl ferulate from Angelica sinensis oil by high performance centrifugal partition chromatography

A high performance centrifugal partition chromatography (HPCPC) method was successfully developed to purify coniferyl ferulate (CF) from the extracts of commercialAngelica sinensis oil by using n-hexane-ethyl acetate-ethanol-water (5:5:5:5, v/v) as the two-phase solvent system. The upper and lower phases of this system were used as stationary and mobile phases, respectively. The purity of coniferyl ferulate...

Author(s): Yue Yu, Qing-Wen Zhang and Shao-Ping Li

January 2011

Screening of traditional utilized Haworthia limifolia for antibacterial and antifungal properties

Haworthia limifolia is often used by traditional healers as a spiritual remedy to ward off evil as well as a treatment as blood purifiers and cures against coughs, skin rashes, sun burns, burns, etc. H. limifolia exhibits similar morphological characteristics as Aloespecies. A validation of the use of H. limifolia crude extracts from the leaves was successful against five Gram-positive and...

Author(s): R. M. Coopoosamy and K. K. Naidoo

January 2011

Apoptosis induced by the inclusion complex of dihydromyricetin with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin in Human Hep G2 cells

Dihydromyricetin was a flavonoid with good prospect in food and medicine industry, but its poor water solubility limits its application. By forming the inclusion complex with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin, the solubility and stability of dihydromyricetin in water could be significantly improved. In this study, it was found that the complex could inhibit the proliferation of the human hepatocellular liver carcinoma...

Author(s): Jiguo Yang, Benguo Liu, Feng Liu and Yuan Zhang

January 2011

Antidiabetic activities of aqueous leaves extract of Leonotis leonurus in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats

The present study was carried out to investigate the antidiabetic properties of aqueous leaves extract of Leonotis leonurus in streptozotocin (45 mg/kg intraperitoneal) induced diabetic rats for 15 days. The induced diabetic rats exhibited high blood glucose level, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides accompanied with weight loss while the level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) was...

Author(s): S. O. Oyedemi, M. T. Yakubu and A. J. Afolayan

January 2011

Modeling of drying St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) leaves

Drying of agricultural crops after harvesting is an important operation that helps in preserving product quality and quantity, particularly for medicinal plants and herbs which undergo reduction of essential oils and changes of qualitative properties such as color, both of which influence the economical value of the product. Drying of medicinal plants is a delicate operation for removing product moisture, in order to...

Author(s): H. Ahmadi Chenarbon, S. Minaei, A. R. Bassiri, M. Almassi and A. Arabhosseini

January 2011

Protective effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on adriamycin - induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats

The effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale) upon hepatotoxicity induced in albino rats by the anticancer drug, adriamycin (ADR) was studied. Animals were divided into four groups. The first group was injected intraperitonealy with ADR at a dose level of 2 mg/kg body weight in sterile saline, once per week for 6 weeks. The second group was treated with ADR at the same dose level as those of group 1 followed by oral...

Author(s): Saber A. Sakr, Hoda A. Mahran and Hawazen A. Lamfon

January 2011

Paraoxonase levels in acute mushroom poisoning cases treated in emergency department

The present study was undertaken to investigate the activities of paraoxonase  in acute mushroom poisoning cases. This investigation was made between June 2009 to June 2010 with 64 mushroom poisoning patients who admitted to our emergency department in which we analyzed the 6 and 48 h paraoxonase 1 (PON 1) levels. Mean value of PON1 A(6 h) was 74.83 ± 41.68 U/ml and PON1 B(48 h)  91.90...

Author(s): Sevki Hakan Eren, Ilhan Korkmaz, F. Mutlu Kukul Guven, Hüseyin Aydin and Sule Karadayi