Journal of
Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

  • Abbreviation: J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2502
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 223

Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical and biological analyses of Citharexylum spinosum

Amel M. Kamal1*,
  • Amel M. Kamal1*,
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Mohamed I. S. Abdelhady
  • Mohamed I. S. Abdelhady
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Heba Tawfeek
  • Heba Tawfeek
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Maha G. Haggag
  • Maha G. Haggag
  • Department of Microbiology, Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Giza, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Eman G. Haggag
  • Eman G. Haggag
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 October 2017
  •  Accepted: 07 November 2017
  •  Published: 31 December 2017

References

Ademola IO, Akanbi AI, Idowu SO (2005). Comparative nematocidal activity of chromatographic fractions of Leucaena leucocephala seed against gastrointestinal sheep nematodes. Pharm. Biol. 43:599-604.
Crossref

 

Adjanahoun E, Ahyi MRA, Ake-Assi L, Elewude JA, Fadoju SO, Gbile ZO, Goudole E, Johnson CLA, Keita A, Morakinyo O, Ojewole JAO, Olatunji AO, Sofowora EA. (1991). Traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia. Contribution to ethnobotanical floristic studies in Western Nigeria, Pub. Organization of African Unity, Scientific Technical and Research Commission Lagos, Nigeria P 420.

 
 

Alonzo-Diaz MA, Torres-Acosta JFJ, Sandoval-Castro CA, Capetillo Leal C, Brunet S, Hoste H (2008). Effects of four tropical tanniniferous plants on the inhibition of larval migration and the exsheathment process of Trichostrongylus colubriformis infective stage. Vet. Parasitol. 153:187-192.
Crossref

 
 

Arbonnier M (2004). Trees, Shrubs and Lianas of West African dry zones. CIRAD, Margraf, Weikersheim, Germany; MNHN, Paris, France. Editions Quae P 573.

 
 

Azando EVB, Hounzangbé-Adoté MS, Olounladé AP, Brunet S, Fabre N, Valentin A, Hoste H (2011). Involvement of tannins and flavonoids in the in vitro effects of Newbouldia laevis and Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides extracts on the exsheathment of third-stage infective larvae of gastrointestinal nematodes. Vet. Parasitol. 180(3):292-297.
Crossref

 
 

Bahuaud D, Martinez-Ortiz De Montellano C, Chauveau S, Prevot F, Torres-Acosta F, Fouraste I, Hoste H (2006). Effects of four tanniferous plant extracts on the in vitro exsheathment of third-stage larvae of parasitic nematodes. Parasitology 132:545-554.
Crossref

 
 

Bar NG, Epshtein V, Ruckenstein AE, Rafikov R, Mustaev A, Nudler E (2005). A ratchet mechanism of transcription elongation and its control. Cell 120:183-193.
Crossref

 
 

Barrau E, Fabre N, Fouraste I, Hoste H (2005). Effect of bioactive compounds from sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) on the in vitro larval migration of Haemonchus contortus: role of tannins and flavonol glycosides. Parasitology 131:531-538.
Crossref

 
 

Bizimenyera ES, Githiori JB, Eloff JN, Swan GE (2006). In vitro activity of Peltophorum africanum Sond. (Fabaceae) extracts on the egg hatching and larval development of the parasitic nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Vet. Parasitol. 142:336-343.
Crossref

 
 

Bizimenyera ES, Swan GE, Chikoto H, Eloff JN (2005). Rationale for using Peltophorum africanum (Fabaceae) extracts in veterinary medicine. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. 76:54-58.
Crossref

 
 

Brunet S, Jackson F, Hoste H (2008). Effects of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) extract and monomers of condensed tannins on the association of abomasal nematode larvae with fundic explants. Int. J. Parasitol. 38:783-790.
Crossref

 
 

Brunet S, Aufrere J, Elbabili F, Fourasté I, Hoste H (2007). The kinetics of exsheathment of infective nematode larvae is disturbed in the presence of a tannin-rich plant extract (sainfoin) both in vitro and in vivo. Parasitology 135:1-10.
Crossref

 
 

Brunet S, Hoste H (2006). Les monomères des tannins condensés affectent le dégainement des larves des nématodes parasites des ruminants. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54:7481-7487.
Crossref

 
 

Chiejina SN (2001). The epidemiology of helminth infections of domesticated animals in the tropics with emphasis on fascioliasis and parasitic gastroenteritis. In: Chowdhury, N., Tada, I. (Eds.), Perspectives on Helminthology. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield. pp. 41-87.

 
 

Cronquist A (1988). The evolution and classification of flowering plants. New York: New York Botanic Gardens. P 555.

 
 

Dieguez-Hurtado R, Garrido G, Prieto Gonzalez S, Iznaga Y, Gonzalz L, Molina Tores J, Curini, M, Epifano F, Marcotullio MC (2003). Antfungal activity of some Cuban Zanthoxylum species. Fitoterapia 74:384-386.
Crossref

 
 

Eloff JN (1998). Which extractant should be used for screening and isolation of antimicrobial components from plants? J. Ethnopharmacol. 60:1- 8.
Crossref

 
 

Eyong KO, Folefoc GN, Kuete V, Beng PV, Krohn K, Hussain H, Nkengfack EA, Saeftel M, Sarite SR, Hoerauf A (2006). Newbouldiaquinone A: a naphthoquinone-anthraquinone ether coupled pigment, as a potential antimicrobial and antimalarial agent from Newbouldia laevis. Phytochemistry 67:605-609.
Crossref

 
 

Eyong KO, Krohn K, Hussain H, Folefoc GN, Nkengfack AE, Schulz B, Hu Q (2005). Newbouldiaquinone and newbouldiamide: a new naphthoquinone-anthraquinone coupled pigment and a new ceramide from Newbouldia laevis. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 53:616-619.
Crossref

 
 

Hammond JA, Feiling D, Bishop SC (1997). Prospects for plant anthelmintics in tropical veterinary medecine. Vet. Res. Comm. 21:213-228
Crossref

 
 

Hoste H, Jackson F, Athanasiadou S, Thamsborg SM, Hoskin SO (2006). The effects of tannin-rich plants on parasitic nematodes in ruminants. Trends Parasitol. 22:253-261.
Crossref

 
 

Hounzangbé-Adoté MS (2004). Propriétés anthelminthiques de 4 plantes tropicales testées in vitro et in vivo sur les nématodes gastro-intestinaux chez les petits ruminants Djallonké. PhD dissertation, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.

 
 

Hounzangbé-Adoté MS (2000). La pharmacopée en médecine vétérinaire au sud Bénin (cas des ovins et caprins). Colloque Européen d'Ethnopharmacologie. Société Française d'ethnopharmacologie. Metz du 11 au 13 mai 2000.

 
 

Jackson F, Hoste H (2010). In vitro methods for the primary screening of plant products for direct activity against ruminant gastrointestinal nematodes. In: "In vitro screening of plant resources for extra nutritional attributes in ruminants nuclear and related methodologies" P Vercoe, HPS Makkar and AC Schlink Eds, Springer/International Atomic Energy Agency Edition Dordrecht. pp. 25-45.
Crossref

 
 

Makkar HPS (2003). Effects and fate of tannins in ruminant animals, adaptation to tannins and strategies to overcome detrimental effects of feeding tannin-rich feeds. Small Rumin. Res. 49:241-256.
Crossref

 
 

Makkar HPS (2000). In Quantification of tannins in tree foliage: Working document, FAO/IAEA, Vienna.

 
 

Mara SP, Arruda Jao B, Fernandes Paulo C, Viera M, Fatima Das GF, Da Silva Jose RP (1992). Chemistry of Zanthoxylum rhoifolium. A new secofuraquinoline alkaloids. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 20:173-178.
Crossref

 
 

Olounladé AP (2005). Effets anthelminthiques des feuilles de Newbouldia laevis testées in vivo sur les nématodes gastro-intestinaux (Haemonchus contortus et Trichostrongylus colubriformis) chez les moutons Djallonké.DEA, Université de Lomé, Lomé,Togo. P 65.

 
 

Porter LJ, Hrstich LN, Chan BG (1986). The conversion of procyanidins and prodelphinidins to cyanidins and delphinidin. Phytochemistry 25:223-230.
Crossref

 
 

Rabel B, McGregor R, Dough PGC (1994). Improved bioassay for estimation of inhibitory effects of ovine gastrointestinal mucus and anthelmintic on nematode larval migration. Int. J. Parasitol. 24:671-676.
Crossref

 
 

Sanyal PK (2001). Integrated management of parasitic gastroenteritis in ruminants. In: Chowdhury, N., Tada, I. (Eds.), Perspectives on Helminthology. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield pp. 439-460.

 
 

Schofield P, Mbugua DM, Pell AN (2001). Analysis of condensed tannins: a review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 91:21-40.
Crossref

 
 

Thompson A (1997). As patients embrace herbal remedies, dearth of scientific evidence frustrates clinicians. Am. J. Health Syst. Pharmacol. 54:2656-2664.

 
 

Whitney TR, Lee AE, Klein DR, Scott CB, Craig TM, Muir JP (2011). A modified in vitro larvae migration inhibition assay using rumen fluid to evaluate Haemonchus contortus viability. Vet. Parasitol. 176:217-225.
Crossref

 
 

Wolstenholme AJ, Fairweather I, Prichard RK, Von Samson-Himmelstjerna G, Sangster NC (2004). Drug resistance in veterinary helminths. Trends Parasitol. 20:469-476.
Crossref