International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 531

IJMMS Articles

Polymorphisms of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair gene XRCC1 and risk of colon cancer in Saudi patients

September 2011

  The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), C194T, G399A, and G280A, in the X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene with the risk of developing colon cancer in Saudi patients. Samples of 65 colon cancer patients, aged 45 to 80 years old, and 65 age-matched controls were genotyped. The results demonstrated that...

Author(s): Rowyda N. Al-Harithy and Wedam M. Al-Ghazzawi

Morphometric study of endoscopic approach to the cerebellopontine angle

September 2011

  Cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors account for 10% of all intracranial tumors. The endoscopic approach to CPA is being used increasingly as the availability of variable angled endoscope allow for operative views of lesions at angles not visible by the microscope and it is minimally invasive. The authors present findings based on the endoscopic study performed on three cadaveric heads (six sides) through...

Author(s): T. S. Gee, H. K. Pal, A. K. Aaijaz, I. Zul and A. K. Shamim

Radiological findings of breast cancer screening in a newly equipped centre

September 2011

  This study is to appraise the imaging findings of all patients that came into the breast imaging unit for screening and perhaps buttress the importance of a government policy guideline on screening and treatment for breast cancer in Nigeria. This prospective study was carried out among all consecutive patients that came for screening in the breast imaging unit of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital...

Author(s): Halimat J. Akande, Olalekan I. Oyinloye, and Bola B. Olafimihan

L-arginine treatment alters the pattern of rat maternal aggressive response toward an intruder entering the homing cage

August 2011

  Maternal aggression toward intruders is temporarily expressed during lactation in association with the rearing and protection of offspring to promote their survival and growth. This normal component of maternal behaviour that requires both the hormonal changes occur at the end of pregnancy and due to the presence of newborn for its establishment analyzed in Wistar rats. The effects of nitric oxide (NO) by...

Author(s): Esther Pérez-Torrero, Margarita I. Hernández-Urbiola, Anaid Cadena-Estrada andCarlos I. Silva-Barrón

Hepatoprotective potentials of Butea monosperma stem bark extract against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats

August 2011

  Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) pharmacological tool was used to produce liver damage in rats. Silymarin (100 mg/kg) and extract of Butea monosperma (shown to be hepatoprotective substances) prevented the CCl4 induced toxicity. Hydroalcholic extract of the stem bark of B. monosperma was evaluated for its hepatoprotective. This in vitroefficacy was reinforced by a significant dose...

Author(s): Prashant Tiwari, Kuldeep Kumar, Rajnikant Panik, Alok Pandey, Ashish Pandeyand Pratap Kumar Sahu

Third degree burns in female Wister rats: The corollary on estrous cycle and ovarian histo-architectural organization

August 2011

  Burn is a coagulative necrosis of skin and variable amount of deeper tissues produced by thermal energy. Studies have shown that severe burn affects male fertility, female burn survivor are not immune to post burn effects, they are also affected. To examine the effects of third degree burns (TDB) on estrous cycle and the ovarian histology in Wister rats. A total of fifteen adult female albino rats weighing...

Author(s): Adeteye O. V., Yama O. E. and Gbotolorun S. C.

Primary application of the personality diagnostic questionnaire-4 (PDQ-4) in persons with special needs: A case study of the personality of a deaf person

August 2011

  The disruption of deafness, as a disturbance of consciousness (sensory impairment), affects human development and may produce psychological and emotional problems. There are some common features of the personality of people with hearing disabilities, which are considered to be intrinsic to the nature of their possible psychiatric problems. From the very minority monitored, the deaf psychiatric patients...

Author(s): Siousioura D., Tasoulas S. and Alexandropoulos K.

Comparative antimicrobial activities of some plant extracts and commercial antibiotics against some selected pathogens of food origin

August 2011

  The antimicrobial activities of three plants (Momordica charantia, Morinda lucida, andHunteria umbellata) were investigated. These plants were extracted using methanol and ethanol as solvents. These extracts were used to evaluate the growth of five food borne bacteria namely; Bacillus sp, Proteus vulgaris, Streptococcus sp., Shigella sp.,Lactobacillus sp., and the...

Author(s): Anibijuwon I. I., Abioye J. A and Onifade A. K

Enhancing quality of healthcare under the national health insurance system: Identification of factors reducing quality of care in Taiwan

August 2011

  This study examines whether the quality of community health in Taiwan has improved after the establishment of the National Health Insurance (NHI); to identify what the related factors are that affect the quality, and to find the possible ways to improve key drivers of healthcare quality. Data were collected from the National Health Insurance Annual Statistics Information Database and the Taipei Health...

Author(s): Li Chang

Asymptomatic intestinal protozoan infections among inhabitants in Mexico City, Mexico

July 2011

  Intestinal protozoan is still an important public health problem. We aimed to gain insight into the dynamics of intestinal protozoan infection with a view to describing the prevalence of intestinal protozoan in asymptomatic individuals in Mexico City, Mexico. The study population was primarily both in and out patients from four different hospitals who were referred for routine stool examination.  Faecal...

Author(s): Takeshi Yoda, Takeshi Suzue, Tomohiro Hirao, Akira Yoshioka, Jarot Jazek Escobar Jimenes, Tetsuo Yanagi, Kazuo Minematsu, Kensuke Goto, Jephtha Christopher Nmor, Hiroshi Tachibana, Yasuyuki Rakue, Noriko Sakano and Nobuyuki Miyatake

Factors influencing the choice of family planning among couples in South West Nigeria

July 2011

  The study investigated factors influencing the choice of family planning among couples in South West Nigeria. Six hundred couples were selected from five South Western States in Nigeria through a multistage sampling technique. Questionnaire was used to collect information from the subjects. Five research questions were raised and five hypotheses were formulated, chi-square statistics was employed for the...

Author(s): OLAITAN, Olukunmi Lanre

Nasal septal hematoma: Using tubular nasal packs to achieve immediate nasal breathing after drainage

July 2011

  Nasal septal hematoma is the collection of blood between the cartilage or bony septum and its mucoperichondrium or mucoperiosteum. The most common symptoms in children include nasal obstruction, pain, and rhinorrhoea. Asymmetries of the septum with a bluish or reddish fluctuance suggest a hematoma. Delayed diagnosis and treatment may result in abscess formation, septal perforation and...

Author(s): A. N. Umana, M. E. Offiong, P. Francis, Umoh Akpan and Theresa Edethekhe

Splenic rupture in neonate with hemolytic anemia

July 2011

  Splenic rupture is relatively a rare and life threatening situation in the newborn. The classic triad of the disease is shock, anemia, and abdominal distension. Non-traumatic etiologies are seldom and one of them is exchange transfusion which was performed due to underlying erythroblastosis fetalis as discussed. A high index of suspicion and prompt treatment are critical to the survival of these...

Author(s): Ozge Serce, Sevilay Topcuoglu, Gökmen Kurt and Guner Karatekin,

Seroprevalence and epidemiological factors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Eastern Sudan

July 2011

  This study was conducted at Kassala, Eastern Sudan between March and April 2011, to determine the seroprevalence and epidemiological risk factors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among healthy people visited Kassala Teaching Hospital, eastern Sudan. 5 ml of blood were drawn from each subject, after immediate centrifugation, the sera were tested for HBsAg using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay...

Author(s): Tajeldin M. Abdallah, Mamoon H. Mohamed and AbdelAziem  A. Ali

The theoretical strategy for overweight and obesity intervention programs in adult population

June 2011

  The theoretical strategy for overweight and obesity, which consist of many factors, is reviewed. As the main theoretical strategy, many intervention programs are known as theory framework; examples of theory framework selection, theory framework with overweigh and obesity intervention programs, theory framework to practice example, theory with client, theory with practitioners, theory with disciplines, fit...

Author(s): Ying Hua Gao-Balch, Lisa D. Privett and Masayoshi Yamaguchi

Aquatic toxicity of various pharmaceuticals on some isolated plankton species

June 2011

  Four drugs belonging to different therapeutic classes were chosen to examine their toxicity on some plankton organisms of different trophic levels. They include algae (Chlorella vulgaris and Ankestrodesmus falcatus), protozoa (Paramecium caudatum), rotifers (Brachionus calyciflorus) and cladocerans (Daphnia longispina). The tested drugs are erythromycin (antibiotic), fluoxetine (antidepressant),...

Author(s):   Randa A. El-Bassat, Hussein E. Touliabah, Gamal I. Harisa and Fotoon A. Q. Sayegh

Correlation between apoptosis and toxoplasma in abortion induction: Relevance of caspase 8

June 2011

  A total of 120 women with spontaneous abortion and 6 women with induced abortion from medical causes were enrolled in this study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test, for the detection of specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunohistochemistry method for the detection of antigen in tissue were used as diagnostic methods for Toxoplasma gondii. Twenty-six (26) women were found to...

Author(s): Ameena S. M. Juma, and Shaimma L. Salman

Allele and genotype frequencies of cytochrome P450 2B6 and 2C19 genetic polymorphisms in the Nigerian populations: Possible implication on anti-retroviral and anti-malarial therapy

June 2011

  The study was carried out to investigate the distribution of polymorphic CY2B6 andCYP2C19 alleles and genotype frequencies in the three major Nigeria ethnic groups in order to evaluate their implications on therapeutic outcome. Three hundred unrelated subjects from the three major Nigerian ethnic groups of Hausa, Ibo and Yoruba who consented to the study were genotyped...


Emotion recognition based on the asymmetric left and right activation

June 2011

  We obtained EEG (eclectrocephalogram) data from 34 healthy subjects while they were watching emotion-inducing videos and we also developed a real-time emotion monitoring system based on the resulting data. When analyzed from the left and right asymmetric EEG data in each emotion state as compared to the rest state (p<0.1), the alpha wave significantly decreased only at the left temporal lobe for the...


Association of anti-MCV autoantibodies with SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) overlapping with various syndromes

June 2011

  Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) both are the systemic autoimmune diseases. Their etiology is still unknown but it is believed that genetic, immunological and environmental factors are involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases. A total of 61 SLE patients were included in the study. This study is purely related to SLE patients. Here, anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin...

Author(s): Nageen Hussain and Ghazala Jaffery

Effects of ethanolic extract of Myristica fragrans Houtt. (nutmeg) on some heamatological indices in albino rats

June 2011

  In spite of wide spread biological uses of Myristica fragrans (nutmeg), there is a dearth of information on its effects on haematological indices. This work was therefore conducted to evaluate the effects of ethanolic extract of M. fragrans on some haematological indices using albino rat as a model. Twenty four (24) Wistar strain albino rats weighing 140 to 160 g were...

Author(s): Bamidele O., Akinnuga A. M., Alagbonsi I. A., Ojo O. A., Olorunfemi J. O. and  Akuyoma M. A.

Effect of monosodium glutamate on hematological parameters in Wistar rats

June 2011

  Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a food additive commonly consumed as a flavor enhancer. However, both animal models and human clinical reports have established its harmful effects. The rats in two groups (A1 and B1) were administered with 5.5 g/kg body weight (b.wt) and 2.75 g/kg b.wt of MSG for 14 and 28 days respectively each, while Groups A2 and B2 were withdrawal groups for A1 and...

Author(s): Ashaolu J. O., Ukwenya V. O., Okonoboh A. B., Ghazal O. K., Jimoh A. A. G.

Hepatitis B outbreak investigation report in Sabarkantha District, Gujarat State, February 2009

May 2011

  During the ongoing outbreak of Hepatitis-B in State of Gujarat as on April 11, 2009, total 593 confirmed cases had been registered with 94 deaths of unfortunate victims. It had been a major Public Health Challenge as the significant no. of deaths occurred over a short period in a focal area of the State and the Epidemiological Investigations carried out with the help of various departments and Institutions...

Author(s): S. J. Gandhi

Spinal subdural hematoma associated with phenytoin use

May 2011

  A rare case of spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) is reported in a patient who was receiving phentoin. The hematoma occurred because of combined effects of trauma and underlying haematological disturbance induced by phenytoin. A young male who was a known case of seizure disorder and was receiving phenytoin for last 10 years presented with history of seizure followed by fall from one storey of his house. This...

Author(s): Abrar Ahad Wani, Anil Dhar, Nayil Kkursheed Malik and Altaf Umar Ramzan

Histopathologic analysis of benign breast diseases in Makurdi, North Central Nigeria

May 2011

  Most breast pathologies are benign. Benign breast diseases (BBD) constitute a spectrum of lesions ranging from developmental abnormalities, inflammatory lesions, epithelial and stromal proliferations to various neoplasms. Some of the women with BBD, especially those with proliferative lesions have been reported to be at increased risk for development of subsequent breast cancer. This is a retrospective...

Author(s): Echejoh Godwins, Dzuachi David and Jenrola Akeem

Cell surface protein expression of stem cells from human adipose tissue at early passage with reference to mesenchymal stem cell phenotype

May 2011

  Research is now being focused on stem cell therapy for repair of diseased and damaged tissues. Various sources for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been identified. The ideal source of MSCs is still unclear. An ideal source for MSCs should be one which could be easily accessed, causes minimal patient discomfort and also gives a high yield of cells with characteristic cell surface protein expression of MSCs...

Author(s): Solomon Sathishkumar, Preethi Mohanashankar and Boopalan P. R. J. V. C

Evaluation of leucocyte and its subgroups in iron deficiency anemia

May 2011

  In this study, leukocyte, granulocyte, lymphocyte and monocyte count was evaluated in patients with iron deficiency anaemia. Complete blood count data from 84 patients (with iron deficiency anaemia) admitted to our hospital’s paediatrics and general medicine outpatient clinics, and 109 age- and sex-matched healthy controls, were evaluated retrospectively. Complete blood count analyses were performed...

Author(s): Ali Özcan, Muzaffer Çakmak, Ahmet Ruhi Toraman, Aslıhan Çolak, Hamza Yazgan, Mehmet Demirdöven, Osman YokuÅŸ and Ahmet Gürel

Orofacial changes in patients with multiple sclerosis treated in Brasil

May 2011

  Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammation of the CNS that due to its demyelination nature may present different clinical conditions. Manifestations in orofacial complex can be assessed as the first sign of disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial alterations in MS patients and relate them to the clinical form of the disease. We developed a cross-sectional study that...

Author(s): Thaiana O. Sacramento, Roberto Paulo Correia de Araújo, Danilo Barral de Araujo, Eduardo Souza Cardoso and Marcel L. Arriaga

Quantification of viral load in clinical specimens collected from different body sites of patients infected with influenza viruses

May 2011

  Viral shedding profile of infections caused by the novel influenza A (pH1N1) virus has not been extensively studied. In the present study we aimed to compare the influenza viral load in clinical specimens collected from different body sites of patients to analyze the best specimen for detecting viral load and predicting disease severity. The respiratory specimens (throat and nasal swabs), urine and serum...

Author(s): Binod Kumar, Madhu Khanna, Prashant Kumar, Ankit Gupta, Mradul K. Daga, Mamta Chawla-Sarkar, M. S. Chadha, A. C. Mishra and Harpreet Kaur

Staphylococcus aureus isolated from septic caesaerean wound at Ile Ife Nigeria: Antibiotics susceptibility patterns

May 2011

  Strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from a 36-year old woman presented with septic caesaerean wound. The isolates were Gram positive, catalase positive, coagulase positive; heamolysed blood plasma and liquefied gelatin. However, they were methyl red and Voges Proskaur test negative and fermented sugars with acid production. They produced gas only in glucose and lactose. Some of the...

Author(s): Adekunle Odunayo Adejuwon, David Ogunkanmbi, Mary Adejumoke Bisi–Johnson, Bridget Oluwatoyin Fadeyi , Oyinade Aina Agboola and Adebanke Oluwatosin Adejuwon

Antibiotics sensitivity patterns of Escherichia coli and Aerobacter aerogenes isolated from well water in Ile–Ife, Nigeria

May 2011

  Ten wells were arbitrarily chosen for study in Sabo area in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The water samples were collected to estimate the extent of faecal pollution and the probable health hazard the use of these well waters can impound on the community. Coliform count was determined using the Most Probable Number (MPN) Technique. The indicator organisms in this study were Escherichia coli and Aerobacter...

Author(s): Adekunle Odunayo Adejuwon, Mary Adejumoke Bisi-Johnson, Oyinade Aina Agboola, Bridget Oluwatoyin Fadeyi and Adebanke Oluwatosin Adejuwon

Role of EEG and CT scan in partial seizures in children

May 2011

  Seizures disorders are the most prevalent serious neurological disease. Partial seizures are the most common form of seizures in children. This study was carried to determine the etiology and intracranial lesions in children with partial seizures with prospective study through the period of 5 years. One hundred and seventy two children with partial seizures (>2 attacks) were included in the study. All...

Author(s): Neeraj Jain and Vibha Mangal

Chikungunia outbreaks in new regions as a sign of ecological ill health: Re-examining vector borne disease in the context of climate change

April 2011

  The Indian capital city of Delhi reported its first ever case of Chikungunya in June 2007. However, the way this case was detected, and reported raises serious issues related to general epidemiology and disease surveillance. This incident being the first reported case of Chikungunya from the resident of Delhi also raises much larger concern of changing infectious disease dynamics. The objectives of this study...

Author(s): R. Rajan Patil

Acute fracture of OS trigonum wıth cartilaginous articulation

April 2011

  Os trigonum as one of the most common accessory ossicles of foot,  may have a fibrocartilaginous articulation with posterior process of talus. This  articulation may be misdiagnosed as a fracture of the posterior  process of talus. Despite well known chronic injuries of athletes, acute fracture of the os trigonum is rare. Hyperplantarflexion and invertion of the ankle is the mechanism of...

Author(s): Bekir Yavuz Uçar, Demet Uçar, Mehtap Bozkurt, Mehmet Bulut and Ibrahim Azboy

The impact of intermediate factors on socioeconomic differences and infant mortality in the Gaza Strip

April 2011

  Infant mortality is a complex problem with no single solution. Numerous social, economic and intermediate issues play a role, rather than there simply being an issue of health care access or health care quality. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of intermediate factors (consanguineous marriage, mother's age and body mass index) on socioeconomic differences in infant mortality in the Gaza...

Author(s): Mazen Abuqamar, Danny Coomans and Fred Louckx

Commercial tests for in vitro antifungal susceptibility testing of Candida species compared to standard (NCCLS) broth microdilution

April 2011

  It is of value to evaluate the commercial susceptibility methods as possible alternatives to standard one for routine fungal susceptibility testing. So we aimed to compare the NCCLS microdilution method with each of commercial Etest and candifast kit. A total of 30 Candida isolates were included and species identification was confirmed by morphological appearance on Sabouraud's dextrose...

Author(s): Noha El-Mashad and Mohamed Taha Mahmoud

Analgesic activity of bark of Murraya paniculata

April 2011

  Murraya paniculata is a common plant widely available in Bangladesh. Different parts of the plant have been used extensively in various traditional formulations in South Asian countries. In order to rationalize the traditional use of the bark of M. paniculata, extract of equal proportions of petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol was subject to mice, to evaluate its analgesic...

Author(s): Manas Kumar Podder, Biswa Nath Das, Achinto Saha and Muniruddin Ahmed

Diagnostic challenges in a case of reccurent hemoptysis

March 2011

  Actinomycosis is an uncommon disease in children and most cases are of cervicofacial infections. To date there have been only few case reports on children with thoracic actinomycosis which may mimic malignancy, lymphoma or tuberculosis. Here, we report a 14-year old boy, presented with recurrent hemoptysis and diagnosed as thoracic actinomycosis on the basis of CT and typical histopathological findings. The...

Author(s): R. K. Gupta and Huda Bukharie

Rapid measurement of B- type natriuretic peptide in the diagnosis of congestive heart failure in patients presented to the emergency department with acute shortness of breath

March 2011

  The goal of this study was to evaluate the utility of a rapid measurement of BNP in diagnosing heart failure in patients presenting to the emergency department with dyspnea. B- Type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a protein secreted from the cardiac ventricles in response to pressure and volume overload. One potential application of measurement of BNP is to distinguish dyspnea of cardiac origin from non cardiac...

Author(s): Dharminder K. Angurana, Nazir A. Lone, Khursheed A. Khan, S. Jalal, Rimpi Sangral, Hilal A. Rather, Mohammad S. Alai, Kaiser Habib and Badri N. Bhogal and Vicar M. Jan

Treatment of oral candidiasis (thrush) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae

March 2011

  Oral candidiasis is a fungal disease caused by Candida albicans. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a probiotic often used as dietary supplements and in food preparation. In this study, we explored the treatment modality of S. cerevisiae on oral candidiasis in 15 patients belonging to verum group (n = 10) and placebo group (n = 5). All 10 patients in verum group have recovered from the oral...

Author(s): Mariappan Premanathan,, Fathi Abdullah Amaar Shakurfow, Ahmad Ali Ismail, Mohamad Ayad Berfad , Adel Tawfik Ebrahim and Moussa Milad Awaj

Hormonal actions of vitamin D and its role beyond just being a vitamin: A review article

March 2011

  Over the last decade there has been considerable evolution of our understanding of vitamin D metabolism and its biological activity. The discovery that most tissues and cells in the body have vitamin D receptors and that several possess the enzymatic machinery to convert the primary circulating form of vitamin D to its active form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, has provided new insights into the function of this...

Author(s): Khurshid Ahmad Khan, Professor Javed Akram and Marium Fazal

Long-term testicular toxicity caused by doxorubicin treatment during pre-pubertal phase

February 2011

  Doxorubicin is a potent drug widely used against different types of cancer and can cause damage to healthy tissues. Some studies have shown that this drug causes apoptosis of male germ cells. However, a detailed and long-term morphological study about the damages caused by doxorubicin administration to early prepubertal testis and to future fertility of the rat is missing. Male rats were treated at 15 days...

Author(s):   O. Brilhante, T. Stumpp and S. M. Miraglia  

Pharmacokinetic drug interactions of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors mediated by cytochrome P450 3A4 isoform

February 2011

  Novel drugs for Erectile Dysfunction (ED) must be assessed for their interactions with other already approved medications that are processed through similar metabolic pathways. The cytochrome P450 enzyme family, in particular 3A4 isoform, is ubiquitously used to oxidize azole antifungals, erythromycin, and HIV protease inhibitors. Administering multiple medications using cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 (3A4) as a...

Author(s): Srinivas Pentyala,, Aleef Rahman, Supriya Mishra, Sowmya Muthiki, Emily Hughes, Abhishek Bikkani, Kathleen Cervo, Christopher Maruso and Sardar Khan

Antibiotics sensitivity pattern of staphylococcus aureus from fomites in the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC) Nigeria

February 2011

  This study determines the possible roles of cross contamination in the hospital environment. Two hundred swabs were obtained from doctors’ stethoscope diaphragm, cell phones of Health Care Workers (HCWS), patients’ bed linen, pillows and door knobs at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, from September 2003 to September 2005 using sterile cotton-tipped applicators....

Author(s): J. Omololu-Aso, D. O. Kolawole, O. O. Omololu-Aso and S. O. Ajisebutu

In vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of some synthesized 4-(2-pyridyl)-3-Thiosemicarbazides derivatives

February 2011

  In search for potential antitumor drug candidates, a series of thiosemicarbazide derivatives were prepared via 4-(2-pyridyl)-3-thiosemicarbazide with phenyl isothiocyanate, benzoyl isothiocyanate, phenyl isocyanate and 4-pyridyl isothiocyanate. Effects of the synthesized compounds were tested using in vitro growth of a transplantable murine tumor cell line (Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma) and in vivo-induced...

Author(s):   Tarek A. Yousef, Farid A. Badria, Shabane E. Ghazy, Ola A. El-Gammal and Gaber M. Abu El-Reash

Palm and Egusi melon oils lower serum and liver lipid profile and improve antioxidant activity in rats fed a high fat diet

February 2011

  Many studies have suggested that oils high in saturated fatty acids are responsible for the cholesterol-raising effect of saturated fat. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of palm oil (rich in saturated fatty acid) and egusi melon oil (rich in unsaturated fatty acids) on serum and liver lipids and their antioxidant status. Lipid profiles, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and activities of glutathione...

Author(s):   Olarewaju M. Oluba, George O. Eidangbe, Godwin C. Ojieh and Blessing O. Idonije

Evaluation of serum leptin levels in obese local Libyan female subjects at Benghazi- Is cluster analysis a better evaluator method for such a study

January 2011

  Obesity related diseases like diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD) are very much prevalent in local Libyan population at Benghazi. Leptin is one of the adipocytokines implicated in fuel balance as well as a marker of obesity. Leptin resistance is considered to be one of the risk factors associated with CAD. Therefore the present study was undertaken to evaluate the presence of leptin resistance in obese...

Author(s): Alshaari A. A., Elshaari F. A., Ahmed F. A. and Elshaari M. A.

The efficiency of using audio prompting method to regulate the patient’s breathing during radiation therapy treatment of NSCLC

January 2011

  Advanced  radiotherapy treatments for Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) rely on conforming the radiation dose to the tumor geometry as tightly as possible; this increases the probability of destroying the tumor cells  while simultaneously reducing  the radiation  dose to nearby tissues  and  to organs at risk, subsequently reducing normal tissue toxicity. Unfortunately, patient...

Author(s): H. I. Al-Mohammed

Immunoactive property of acute and subacute administration of high dilution of Gelsemium sempervirens L., Histaminum and Poumon histamine

January 2011

  Anxiety is associated with subjective distress and many harmful physiological effects including oxidative stress, immunodepressive effect, and an increase in blood pressure. Anxiety is also implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders. The objective of this work was to study the protective property of homeopathic drugs on immunodepression caused by high anxiety level by evaluating the immunological effect...

Author(s): Hassan Rammal and Rachid Soulimani

Assessment of total leukocyte counts, during menstruation

January 2011

  The objective of the present study was to investigate if menstruation actually alters the quantity of the total population of the leukocytes in the body of females. If it alters the leukocytes counts in the body, the extent to which it affects it was also ascertained using student of the University of Benin as case study.  Menstruation is the shedding of the endometrial lining accompanied by the loss of...

Author(s): Agoreyo F. O. and Asowata E. O.

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