International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 526

IJMMS Articles

Increase of Bcl-2/Bax ratio corelated with decrease of lymphocyte apoptosis: A study in the bronchiolus and lung of asthmatic mice

April 2013

The failure of lymphocyte apoptosis is one of the factors causing chronic airway inflammation in asthma. Some studies indicate the role of Bcl-2 in inhibition of lymphocyte apoptosis, but still little research is on the role of Bax and its relationship to Bcl-2 in asthma. The purpose of this study was to prove the role of Bcl-2-lymphocyte in inhibition of lymphocyte apoptosis and decrease in Bax-lymphocytes in...

Author(s): Taufiq Hidayat, Saptadi Yuliarto, Wisnu Barlianto, Hidayat Sujuti and H. M. S. Chandra Kusuma

Cancer of the cervix and cervical screening: Current knowledge, attitude and practices of female health workers in Sokoto, Nigeria

April 2013

This descriptive cross sectional study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices of female health workers at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto with respect to cervical cancer Pap smear screening. A multistage sampling method was used to select a total of 240 subjects. Data was collected using a set of structured, self administered questionnaire which sought information on socio-demographic...

Author(s): Oche M. O.., Kaoje A. U., Gana G and Ango J. T.

Oral cancer: The Nigerian experience

April 2013

Oral cancer is one of the ten most common cancers worldwide and the five years survival rate is still disappointingly low. The incidence of oral cancer varies from different regions of the world with highest rates reported in the South-east Asia especially in India where oral cancer accounts for 15 - 40% of cancers and is the most common cancer in men. Although, tobacco and alcohol use are the most important risk...

Author(s): Ahmed Oluwatoyin Lawal, Bamidele Kolude and Bukola Folasade Adeyemi

Autism: An epigenomic side-effect of excessive exposure to electromagnetic fields

April 2013

Autism is a disorder which mainly involves the nervous system. It is characterized by lack of communication, incoherent language and meaningless repetitive movements. Its onset is in early childhood and its incidence has been reported to be increasing. Several genes and environmental factors have been implicated in the causation of autism, and electromagnetic fields may be one of those environmental factors....

Author(s): Yog Raj Ahuja, Sanjeev Sharma and Bir Bahadur

Efficacy of digital remote tel-system for stroke patients in Taiwan

April 2013

The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of digital remote tel-system program on stroke patients in Taiwan. Pre-experimental design with convenience sampling was used in this study. A total of 91 participants were recruited with two questionnaires (demographic and SF-36) used. The results showed the quality of life improved significantly after the digital remote tel-system program. The need of home based...

Author(s): Wen-Hui Tsai, Heng-Hsin Tung, Shu-Yuan Liang, Tsae-Jyy Wang, Shu-Fang Wu andChieh-Yu Liu

A community trial of Pinak® medicine in the management of snakebite cases in a rural setting of Western Maharashtra, India

April 2013

Narodi is a hilly village which has a small river also. Hence, snakebite incidence is more. In 2006 and 2007, there were 17 deaths in a population of 6,000. By cleaning the village (cutting grass in and around the village), and health education, gradually snakebite incidence reduced. But we introduced ‘Pinak tablet’ with the hope of reducing deaths due to snakebite. Records of snakebite events also...

Author(s): R. G. Raut, P. S. Pawar and H. H. Chavan

Spectrum of dysentery in children presenting to a tertiary level teaching hospital in New Delhi

April 2013

Dysentery accounts for significant morbidity in pediatric population with a high case fatality rate, if left untreated. Further, the easy availability of antibiotics has led to widespread emergence of resistant strains. The aims of this study were: (1) to study the clinical spectrum of dysentery in children, and (2) to determine various enteropathogens causing dysentery in children. 60 children in the age group 1 month...

Author(s): Krishnan Rajeshwari, Madhumita Mishra, A. P. Dubey, Beena Uppal and S. Anuradha

Successful pregnancy outcome in a woman with myasthenia gravis: Case report and literature review

April 2013

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an acquired neuromuscular autoimmune condition that presents clinically with weakness and fatigue of the skeletal muscles. The case described here is a multidisciplinary management of  a 28 yr old primigravida with myasthenia gravis. Although pregnancy with an uneventful course and a good outcome frequently is possible in women who have MG, there are many challenging therapeutic...

Author(s): Ritu Dalmia

Technician capability for blood screening in hospitals of Islamabad

March 2013

The study was conducted with the objective to access the technician capability for blood screening in hospitals of Islamabad. The parameters pertaining to technicians’ capability under investigation were; qualification, skills, experience, on job training, knowledge and capability to use microscope, centrifuge and computers. The results of the study revealed that the technician capability for blood screening in...

Author(s): Atta ur Rehaman

Liaison of tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection in the progression to AIDS: Prognostic value of cluster differentiation 4 (CD4+) cell as marker of disease progression

March 2013

This biphasic study investigated the prevalence and co-infection of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) along major transport routes of Enugu State; their consortium in active HIV disease and the role of cluster differentiation 4 (CD4) cells and other haematologic parameters as markers of HIV progression. Prevalence and co-infection with HIV and TB were studied in the preliminary phase (Phase 1:...

Author(s): U. E. Dibua

Efficacy of praziquantel for the treatment of schistosomiasis in Ethiopia

March 2013

Schistosomiasis is a tropical disease caused by blood-dwelling fluke of the genus Schistosoma. The main schistosomes infecting human beings are: Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma haematobium, and Schistosoma japonicum. Schistosoma intercalatum and Schistosoma mekongi are only of local importance. Two clinical forms of human schistosomiasis occur in Ethiopia: S....

Author(s): Ketema Deribew and Beyene Petros

Safety and effectiveness of BIAsp 30 treatment: Data from the Moroccan cohort of the A1chieve study

March 2013

This sub-analysis aimed to determine the safety and effectiveness of biphasic insulin aspart30 (BIAsp30) therapy in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) from Morocco as a part of the global, 24-week, non-interventional A1chieve study. A total of 770 Moroccan T2D patients, both insulin-naïve patients and prior insulin users, who started BIAsp 30 therapy at their physicians’ discretion, were included. Baseline...

Author(s): Abdelmjid Chraibi, Fatima Marouan, Farida Ajdi, Jamal Belkhadir, Naoual El Ansari, Ahmed Farouqi, Anil Shinde, Chunduo Shen

Correlation between elevated homocysteine levels and insulin resistance in infertile women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome in North Indian population

March 2013

  Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting about 5 to 10% women of reproductive age group worldwide. This study was designed to examine the relationship between elevated homocysteine levels and insulin resistance (IR) in infertile women with or without PCOS. This cross sectional case control study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pathology and Medicine,...

Author(s): Sachan Rekha, M. L. Patel , Gupta Pooja, Diwakar Amita, Sachan Pushplata and  S. M. Natu

Percutaneous bone marrow grafting in delayed union and non-union

March 2013

Percutaneous bone marrow injection is a simpler method of performing autologous bone grafting with less morbidity than standard technique. Autologous bone grafting has been a standard operative method used for the treatment of delayed union and non-union for decades but has been associated with numerous complications. In recent times, percutaneous bone marrow grafting has emerged as a successful alternative to...

Author(s): Iftikhar H. Wani, Vikas Padha, Masrat Jan and Abdul Q. Salaria

Status of urinary schistosomiasis among primary school children in Abeokuta, Nigeria

March 2013

A study was carried out to determine the current status of urinary schistosomiasis on 552 pupils from seven primary schools in Abeokuta North and Abeokuta South Local Government Areas of Ogun State, Nigeria using haematuria and parasitological tests. Males that complied were 75% to 25% females. Children within the age-group of 10 to 14 years were more (65%) when compared with other age groups. Out of the 552 samples...

Author(s): S. O. Sam-Wobo, T. O. Ajayi, T. Ijaduola, U. F. Ekpo, M. A. Adeleke, O. A. Surakat, and  C. F. Mafiana

Faecal carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing commensal Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli from hospital out-patients in Southern Nigeria

March 2013

Normal intestinal microflora is the major source from which common hospital- and community-acquired infections originate. This study aimed to determine faecal carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactam (ESBL) resistant genes from commensals of out-patients in Nigeria. Non-duplicateKlebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli from different hospitals were investigated for susceptibility to a panel...

Author(s): D. Olusoga Ogbolu, O. A. Terry Alli, L. B. Olanipekun, O. I. Ojo and O. O. Makinde

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma: Two cases and literature review

March 2013

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare aggressive tumor arising from the mesothelial lining of the peritoneum. Only 20 to 30% of all mesotheliomas arise from the peritoneum itself. In the present paper, 2 cases of MPM were discussed, in light of the literature review. One of the cases is a 73 years old male admitted with complaints of abdominal swelling and ascites. Peritoneal biopsy was reported as...

Author(s): Arzu Oguz, Ahmet Karaman, Fatma Aykas and Abdulsamet Erden

Isolated cleft of the anteroir leaflet of the mitral valve: Case report in a nine month old boy at Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Niger Delta, Nigeria

March 2013

Isolated cleft of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve is the occurence of mitral cleft without ostium primum or ostio seccundum defect and it is rare.  We present a nine month old boy who presented in our clinic with a two month history of fast breathing, cough, and loss of weight. He was found not to be cyanosed but pale, tachypnoeaic, dyspnoeaic with basal crepitations. Cadiovascular system examination...

Author(s): G. I. McGil Ugwu and Umerie EM

A retrospective study on the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

February 2013

In this study, we investigated the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital in northwest Ethiopia. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), treatment outcome is an important indicator for tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control programme. We analyzed the records of 756 tuberculosis patients registered for treatment in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital from January, 2010 to...

Author(s): Fantahun Biadglegne,, Berhanu Anagaw, Tewodros Debebe, Belay Anagaw, Woghata Tesfaye, Belay Tessema,, Arne C. Rodloff and Ulrich Sack,

Sex differences in the cranial and orbital indices for a black Kenyan population

February 2013

Craniometric parameters including cranial and orbital indices have been employed to determine the sex of a person in forensic medicine. These parameters are usually population specific. However, they have not been documented for a black Kenyan population. This study aimed at calculating the sex differences in the cranial and orbital indices. The cranial vault height, glabellomaximal length and orbital height and length...

Author(s): Munguti Jeremiah, Mandela Pamela and Butt Fawzia

Validation of pharmacokinetic model of propofol in Indian population

February 2013

The pharmacokinetics of propofol has been evaluated extensively in a variety of patients groups after either bolus doses or continuous infusions. Presently there are multiple models available based on western data including China. So far, the pharmacokinetics of propofol has not been studied in the Indian population. With this background we planned to evaluate pharmacokinetics of propofol in Indian patients which...

Author(s): Avinash Puri and Sanju Dhawan

Application of area to point Kriging to breast cancer incidence in Ashanti Region of Ghana

February 2013

This paper provides a spatial analysis of breast cancer incidence in the Ashanti region area during the period of 2010 to 2011. Breast cancer disease has prevalence in Ghana particularly in the major cities including Ashanti region. Geographical units vary in shape and size and incidence count is non homogeneous in nature. For this reason, assigned area to point kriging approach is adopted as methodology. There is...

Author(s): Ebenezer Bonyah, L. Munyakazi, N.N.N. Nsowah-Nuamah, D. Asong and Bashiru I.I. Saeed

Retrospective incidence of wound infections and antibiotic sensitivity pattern: A study conducted at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

February 2013

Infection continues to be a major complication of wounds with significant increase in costs, morbidity and potential mortality. Retrospective study of incidences of wound infection and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in patients that visited Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria, which involved the analysis of the medical records of 651 patients diagnosed from April, 2009 to September, 2010, was carried out....

Author(s): Mohammed, A., Adeshina, G. O. and Ibrahim, Y. K. E.

Importance of diet on disease prevention

February 2013

Over the last decades, a considerable body of evidence supported the hypothesis that diet and dietary factors play a relevant role in the occurrence of diseases. To date, all the major scientific associations as well as the World Health Organization, scientific and non-scientific organizations place an ever-increasing emphasis on the role of diet in the strategies able to prevent noncommunicable diseases. Many...

Author(s): Francesco Sofi,, Rosanna Abbate, Gian Franco Gensini, and Alessandro Casini,

Giant aortic arch thrombus, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) A1298C heterozygous gene mutation, smoking and hormonal replacement therapy

February 2013

We report the case of a mobile aortic arch thrombus possibly induced by the combination of postmenopausal hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) and cigarette smoking in a woman with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) A1298C mutation. No other cause for her illness could be identified despite an extensive laboratory work-up for thrombophilic state. Surgical exploration showed the floating aortic arch thrombus...

Author(s): Abdallah K. Alameddine, Jonathan Freeman, John Rousou, Yvonne Alameddine, Joseph E. Flack and Victor K. Alimov

Intestinal parasitism in school children periodically treated with albendazole in 2 sampling periods

February 2013

This transversal study estimated the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in school children twice yearly treated by the national campaign of albendazole during two consecutive years in Northwestern Mexico. 450 and 389 children showed prevalences of 46 and 35% for intestinal parasites, 42 and 30% for protozoa, and 11 and 12% for helminths in 2005 and 2006, respectively.Giardia...

Author(s): Quihui-Cota Luis and Morales-Figueroa Gloria Guadalupe

Lercanidipine effect on polymorphonuclear leukocyte-related inflammation and insulin resistance in essential hypertension patients

February 2013

Inflammation, insulin resistance and oxidative stress (OS), are among the mechanisms that have been implicated in pathogenesis of essential hypertension (EH). Peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) are primed in EH patients, releasing uncontrolled superoxide anion contributing to OS in these patients. PMNL priming correlates with insulin resistance and with PMNL intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i). Recent studies...

Author(s): Raymond Farah and Revital Shurtz-Swirski

Serum albumin as a rough guide to the assessment of nutritional status of hospitalized patients: A study from Zaria, Northern Nigeria

February 2013

Several studies have revealed that malnutrition is a common finding in hospitalized patients. The situation in our hospitals is not known. The objective of the present study was to compare serum albumin (ALB) among hospitalized, out-patients and apparently healthy subjects, with a view to assessing its status during hospitalization. Serum ALB concentrations were measured each in 50 of hospitalized and out-patients, as...

Author(s): Akuyam S. A., Anaja, P. O., Aliyu, I. S., Mai A. and Dahiru I. L.

Health effects of lead exposure among Jua Kali (informal sector) workers in Mombasa, Kenya: A case study of the “Express” Jua Kali workers

January 2013

The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of lead exposure among the Jua Kali workers. Correlation study: relationship between lead exposure and its effects on blood lead levels (BLL), kidney function and haemoglobin levels between the lead-exposed versus the lead un-exposed workers. 162 adult Jua Kali workers participated. Out of 119 exposed workers, 8 (6.72%) were aware of lead while only 3 of them (2.5%)...

Author(s): Jalab Janmohamed Ashraph, Robert Kinyua, Fred Mugambi and Ahmed Kalebi

Descriptive study of cholelithiasis with chemical constituents’ analysis of gallstones from patients living in Baghdad, Iraq

January 2013

The aim of this study was to describe the main clinical features of patients with cholelithiasis, and chemical analysis of stone in relevance to development of gallstone formation. The total number of patients with gallstone in this study was 75 (66 females and 9 males). The ratio of females: males was (7.3:1), this high ratio may be due to multiple factors, including high percentage of multiparity (63.64%), the use of...

Author(s): Mohammed A. Taher

Antibacterial effects of crude extract of Azadirachta indica against Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp and Staphylococcus aureus

January 2013

Most agents used by humans in the treatment of diseases are of plant origin. Azadirachta indica(neem) is a tree which has been found to possess antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour properties and is also used as a pesticide. In this work, antibacterial effect of methanolic and aqueous extracts of the stem bark of A. indica was determined using minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC),...

Author(s): MAMMAN, Paul Habila, MSHELIA, Wayuta Philip, SUSBATRUS, Sosthenes Chidama and SAMBO, Kankani Wonder

Lactational amenorrhoea method of contraception: An in-depth study of awareness, knowledge and practice by breast feeding mothers with unintended pregnancies

January 2013

This study assessed the awareness, knowledge and practice of lactational amenorrhoea method (LAM) of post partum contraception among breast feeding mothers of 18 to 40 years of age with unintended pregnancies. It was a cross-sectional, multicenter survey of seventy one breast feeding mothers with unintended pregnancies who visited these health centers for antenatal care within the study period. These women had been...

Author(s): Chris E. Ekpenyong, Nyebuk E. Daniel, Anthony Fidelis Uwah, Ette Okon Ettebong and John O. Ibu

Severe benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome followed by anesthesia in elderly patient: A rare case report

January 2013

Benzodiazepine dependence is a potentially clinically serious condition and its withdrawal syndrome is complex and often protracted in time course. However, the relationship between anesthesia and benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome is unclear. Here, we presented a 79 year-old-female who had the history of major depression and had taken hypnotic benzodiazepines for five years. The patient received total hip replacement...

Author(s): Jang-Chun Lin, Hsin-I Ma and Wei-Hsiu Liu

Oculocutaneous albinism and skin cancer in Calabar, Southern Nigeria

January 2013

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a congenital condition causing hypo pigmentation of the hair, skin, and eyes. Albinism and solar radiation are established risk factors for skin cancer, the commonest being squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck in black Africans. We present four OCA patients with histologic diagnosis of skin cancer presented to the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital from January, 2007...

Author(s): M. E. Asuquo, O. O. Otei, I. Bassey and G. Ebughe

Tracheobronchopatia osteochondroplastica: An underdiagnosed central airway disease

December 2012

  In the population of patients who do not smoke, do not take an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, and have a normal chest radiograph, upper airway cough syndrome, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease and chronic bronchitis are responsible for approximately 99% of cases of chronic cough. The diagnosis is often based upon the patient’s response to empiric therapy; nevertheless, there still...

Author(s): José Nieves-Nieves, Salinas Viridiana-Gonzalez, Ricardo Fernández-Gonzalez and Rosángela Fernández-Medero

Adoption of criteria of blood donors selection for blood screening in hospitals of Islamabad

December 2012

  The study was conducted with the objective to determine the adoption of criteria of blood donor selection for blood screening in hospitals of Islamabad, Pakistan. The criteria of blood donor selection were supposed to be based on World Health Organization (WHO) standards and National Health care guidelines. It was observed that blood donors were mostly the relatives of patients....

Author(s): Atta Ur Rehman

Genetic susceptibility for type 2 diabetes mellitus among North American Aboriginals

December 2012

  Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex human disease which has become extremely prevalent among indigenous populations of Canada and the United States in recent decades. T2D is etiologically complex and refers to a group of disparate metabolic diseases, having major genetic and environmental risk factors. It is believed that a combination of genetic susceptibility and lifestyle changes among indigenous people are...

Author(s): C. Byrne and K. K. Nkongolo

Prevalence of hyperglycaemia, obesity and metabolic syndrome (a three component study) among hospital personnel in the Littoral Region of Cameroon

December 2012

  There is evidence worldwide of the high prevalence of obesity, hyperglycemia and metabolic syndrome in health care providers, although very scanty data is available on this in sub Saharan Africa. The present study aims to determine the frequency of diabetes, elevated Body mass index (BMI) and metabolic syndrome among health-care workers in some hospitals and clinics in Douala, Cameroon. An observational and...

Author(s): Gordon Kunbuma Tachang, Simeon-Pierrre Choukem, Jules Ndjebet, Anastase Dzudie,and Vincent P. K. Titanji

Evaluation of the results obtained from isokinetic muscle test in patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome

December 2012

  The aim of this study was to investigate whether the subjective muscle skeleton complaints of patients with fibromyalgia have an objective basis and the usability of muscle test results for diagnosis of fibromyalgia. 20 patients having primer fibromyalgia syndromes (PFS) who conforms to the criteria suggested by the American Rheumatism Association and a control group of 20 healthy people performed isokinetic...

Author(s): Mustafa Güler, Teoman Aydın, Nadir Hansu and Emine Poyraz

Effect of cardiopulmonary physiotherapy on lung parameters in mechanically ventilated neonates

December 2012

  Studies done in the past on cardiopulmonary physiotherapy in neonates, have not fully laid enough evidence, and several limitations have been quoted. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chest physiotherapy, including suctioning on lung dynamics and lobar atelectasis. The secondary objectives were to explore sessions required to resolve collapse and the use of a detailed and replicable...

Author(s): Vijay Pratap Singh, Vaishali, Nutan Kamath, Bidita Khandelwal and R. N. Salhan

Real-world medical diagnosis: Intuitive process revisited (review)

November 2012

  One cannot overlook the fact that diagnostic errors which constitute the largest proportion of errors in medical care have a direct bearing on patient’s outcomes. Clinical reasoning ability is closely related to the avoidance of diagnostic errors and clinical reasoning during diagnosis has been explained by a “dual processes model” comprising two elements. The first is the intuitive process...

Author(s): Taro Shimizu and Yasuharu Tokuda

Managing the Buruli ulcer morbidity in the Amansie West District of Ghana: Can indigenous knowledge succeed?

November 2012

  Buruli ulcer is a disease that eats through the skin, muscle and bone, leaving victims with disfiguring and debilitating craters. This study was conducted in the Amansie West District, which is the most endemic area in Ghana. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the study population. Data was collected using in-depth interviews with the help of questionnaires consisting of both closed and...

Author(s): Owusu-Sekyere Ebenezer

The relationship between job characteristics of emergency medical technicians and scene time in traumatic injuries

November 2012

  Scene time (time at the scene) is one of the performance indices for pre-hospital emergency system, and is defined as the time interval in which an emergency technician reaches a scene, provide the emergency medical services, and leaves the scene. The present study was performed to examine the relationship between job characteristics of emergency medical technicians and scene time in traumatic...

Author(s): Pouran Raeissi

Clinical and electrophysiological correlation of patients with chronic renal failure: The contributions of quantitative neurological scores

November 2012

  Neuropathy is the most common neurological consequence of uremia and has the scarce symptoms and definition. Therefore the sensitivity/specificity of clinical scores the neuropathy symptom score (NSS) and the neuropathy disability score (NDS) were evaluated for uremic neuropathy in the present study. 38 hemodialysis patients (23 males, 15 females) and 15 age-sex matched healthy subjects were enrolled....

Author(s):   Deniz Eylem Yalçinkaya TellioÄŸlu, Aynur Özge, Gültekin Gençtoy, Mehmet Horoz, Bahar TaÅŸdelen and Ahmet Kıykım

Clinical status and pulmonary function in patients with long standing (more than 30 years) asthma

November 2012

  Asthma is the most common chronic lung disease. The fate of patients with long standing (LS) asthma is of interest. The large number of LS asthmatics at two inner-city hospitals was an impetus to this study, LS asthma: > 30 years. All patients were non-smokers or minimal smokers and had no other lung disease. Data obtained: gender, race, age, body mass index (BMI), forced expiratory volume in 1 second...

Author(s): Zinobia Khan, Albert Miller, Moses Bachan, Kyungmee Kim, Anthony Mastellone, Joseph Donath, Viswanath Vasudevan and Sunil Mehra

Multidrug-resistant pathogens causing ventilator-associated pneumonia: Risk factors, empirical antimicrobial therapy and outcome of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) of a Brazilian university hospital

November 2012

  Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), multidrug-resistant (MDR) microorganisms and inappropriate empirical therapy poses a major therapeutic challenge in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of VAP due to MDR pathogens, to assess the rate of inappropriateness of empirical antimicrobial therapy and its subsequent impact on the outcome of VAPs. From May 2009 to...

Author(s): Michel Rodrigues Moreira and Paulo Pinto Gontijo Filho

A histological study on the distribution of dermal collagen and elastic fibres in different regions of the body

October 2012

  The aim of the study was to assess the unequal distributions of dermal collagen and elastic content in skin sections perpendicular to each other from different regions of the body. We collected 20 skin samples from 10 regions of a cadaver. From each region, 2 samples were collected in 2 directions which were perpendicular to each other. Histological slides were prepared and stained for collagen and elastic...

Author(s): Naveen Kumar, Pramod Kumar, Keerthana Prasad and B. Satheesha Nayak

Detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies or DNA sequences from ostensibly healthy Iranian mothers and their neonates

October 2012

  Cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains the most common cause of viral intrauterine infection. The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of at-risk pregnancies for congenital cytomegalovirus transmission in a randomly selected pregnant women and their newborns. Enzyme Link Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were utilized to screen the sera of mothers (n = 100)...

Author(s): Seyed Hamidreza Monavari, Hossein Keyvani, Bahman Abedi Kiasari, Hamidreza Mollaei, Mehdi Fazlalipour, Mostafa Salehi Vaziri and Fatemeh O. Fallah

A retrospective study of clinical Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from four health facilities in South-West Nigeria

October 2012

  Nigeria is currently one of the highest pneumococcal disease burdened countries not implementing routine pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) immunization and having limited clino-biological data on Streptococcus pneumoniae. This retrospective study provides phenotypic and genotypic data on 15 isolates of S. pneumoniae recovered from clinical samples provided by 75 bacteremia,...

Author(s): Iwalokun Bamidele A., Fowora, M., Akinloye Olubukola, Oluwadun Afolabi, Antonio M. and Adegbola, R. A.

Correlation of serum free thyroxine with components of metabolic syndrome in euthyroid South Asian men and women

September 2012

  Metabolic syndrome is a combination of risk factors for cardiovascular disease, whose prevalence is rising rapidly. Recently, a few studies have suggested that serum thyroxine, even in the reference range, may be associated with components of metabolic syndrome. However, this issue remains to be settled and has not been explored in the Pakistani population. So, we aimed to determine serum free thyroxine level...

Author(s): Muhammad Shahzad Saleem, Khurshid Ahmad Khan and Javed Akram

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