International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 305

IJSA Articles

Kuhn and the actual practice of science: Examining the extent to which Kuhn’s analysis is scientific

November 2011

  In the structure of scientific revolutions hereunder referred to as SSR (1962), Kuhn claimed to have captured correctly how science is practiced. However, his critics such as Shapere (1984) argued that Kuhn’s account is far from being a true account of how science is practiced. Consequently, this led to a philosophical dispute on whether or not Kuhn’s work was a correct interpretation of how...

Author(s): Kennedy Onkware, Janet Kassilly Nasambu Barasa and Felix Nguzo Kioli

A re-reading of the Egyptian Zaynab al-Ghazzali, the muslim brotherhood and the islamic feminist movement in contemporary society

November 2011

  This paper focuses on the activism and feminism of the Egyptian Islamist, Zaynab al-GhazzālÄ« al-JubaylÄ« (1918 to 2009) in order to examine how she has thought about Muslim women’s roles in both the political and Islamist struggles of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. The existing literature while attesting to Zaynab al-GhazzālÄ«’s eminent position in both contemporary Islamic circles and...

Author(s): Ibrahim Olatunde Uthman

Human trafficking in Nigeria: Implication for human immune deficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic

November 2011

  Human trafficking is largely a form of slavery. The international awareness of the crime has over the years increased. Nigeria is a country of origin, transit and destination for human trafficking. This paper attempts to articulate the potential vulnerability of the victims, appraise the link between trafficking and human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic, assess...

Author(s): M. D. Enaikele and A. O. Olutayo

Social organization and cultural institutions of the Afar of Northern Ethiopia

November 2011

  An anthropological study was conducted on the social organizations and traditional cultural institutions of the Afar pastoral society in northern Ethiopia. This paper describes the clan-based institutions that are central to Afar culture and cosmology. Gerontocracy (the rule of elders), well established economic and political support networks and a patriarchal authority at all levels...

Author(s): Kelemework Tafere Reda

Beyond disability and ethnicity challenges: Narrative of a Paralympian

November 2011

  This study reports a narrative which highlights the cultural influences over sporting experiences and focuses on the challenges in overcoming the barriers. The narrative provides a synopsis of the dynamics of ethnicity, culture and athleticism of an Islamic woman from the Islamic state of Malaysia. With an unstructured interview, the narrative was acquired and analyzed using Foucauldian discourse analysis in...

Author(s): Anaurene Roy

Social attitude and socio economic status of physical education students of Jammu Kashmir and Punjab states

November 2011

  The purpose of the present study was to determine the social attitude and socio economic status between physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states. To obtain data for this study, the investigator had selected two hundred (N = 200) subjects, out of which one hundred (N = 100) from Punjab state and one hundred (n = 100) from Jammu Kashmir state who were studying in SKR college of Physical...

Author(s): Hilal Ahmad, Gaurav Dureja and Surjeet Singh

The struggling Tharu youths: A study of the Tharu tribe of India

October 2011

  The Tharu tribe is a famous tribal community of India. Though playing very dominant roles in their community, its youths are not connected with the main stream of development. Hence, this study aims at enlightening the government and international community on the challenges facing this community. Exploratory and descriptive research design has been employed in this primary data based study. Primary data on...

Author(s): Subhash Chandra Verma

Socio-cultural life of fisherwomen in India- continuity and change (with special reference to Orissa State)

October 2011

  The purpose of this research is to study the various problems of the fisherwomen in detail such as sex ration age groups, professions, employment, marketing, income, indebtedness, education, residence, water supplies, health care etc. The analysis is based on a field visit, case study and at the same time to collect information through open-end questionnaire survey amongst 360 fisherwomen from three villages...

Author(s): Susmita Pataik, J.K. Baral and Manoj Kumar Dash

Contemporary aspects of a bureaucratic hold-up of city governance in Cameroon

October 2011

  This paper is designed to establish a set of empirical arguments derived from the 22 July 2004 decentralization guidelines in Cameroon, especially as these affect city governance in the country. The paper draws mainly on interviews of major administrative and political officials of the city of Kumba in the Southwest Region to argue that the decentralization guidelines designed to devolve powers to city...

Author(s): Oben Timothy Mbuagbo and Celestina Tassang Neh Fru

Lexicographic implementation in Ethiopia: The case of three dictionaries published since 1995

October 2011

  This study analyses dictionary-making practice in Ethiopia through an examination of three dictionaries compiled in Ethiopia since 1995. The year 1995 was taken as a reference point because the Ethiopian Federal Democratic Republic Constitutional ratifications dated (1995) granted the nations, nationalities, and peoples in Ethiopia the right to use their mother tongues as a medium of instructions and for...

Author(s): Getachew Anteneh and Melkamu Dumessa

Reframing studies of female marriage migrants’ educational involvement: A study of Chinese and Southeast Asian female marriage migrants in Taiwan

October 2011

  This study looks at female marriage migrants’ involvement in their children’s education in Taiwan. This phenomenon must however be seen within the context of international hypergamy which has become an increasingly notable trend in many countries especially those of East Asia. Female marriage migrants coming to Taiwan chiefly from Southeast Asian countries and from China, often are depicted by the...

Author(s): Yi-Hsuan Chelsea Kuo

Vocabularies of denial: A Brazilian case study in discursive psychology

October 2011

  This article attempts to analyze contemporary forms of racism and xenophobia in the case of Bolivian immigrants in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The study examines the prominent role of denial of racism and xenophobia in contemporary discourse. The article is based on a qualitative empirical study conducted in Sao Paulo with Bolivian immigrants and with Brazilian university students. The research is eager to...

Author(s): Szilvia Simai and Rosana Baeninger

Igbo cultural and religious worldview: An insider’s perspective

September 2011

  Although it can easily be contended that there is no dearth of ethnographic reports and writings on the Igbo people of Nigeria, yet it can equally be argued that most of such reports, particularly those arising from the works of Christian missionaries and British colonial ethnographers had largely been concerned with giving a general picture of the mores, customs and traditions of the Igbo. The core of such...

Author(s): Chinwe M. A. Nwoye

Conservative Hindu reactions to non-heterosexual rights in India

September 2011

  India, often celebrated as the largest democracy in the world and, despite observable ‘modernist’ trends and secularizing trajectories, remains a deeply religious culture displaying entrenched attitudes towards traditional family life and sexual conduct. In 2009, homosexuality was legalised by the High Court of the nation’s capital, Delhi. Although the repeal of the law prohibiting...

Author(s): Stephen J. Hunt

Social support as a panacea for mental illness: A study of Nigerian immigrants in Braamfontein, Johannesburg

September 2011

  This paper synthesizes some literatures in the field of Public Health and Migration as well as fieldworks on Nigerian immigrants in Braamfontein, Johannesburg. Some of the existing literatures support the view that social contacts tend to reduce post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)  in refugees, and identified unemployment, lack of access to health care, lack of basic amenities and...

Author(s): Adeagbo Oluwafemi

Globalisation and social transformation in India: Theorising the transition

August 2011

  Globalisation came to India through the economic reforms and is gradually transforming our culture and self image. This paper proposes to theorise the transition of the Indian economy and situate the process of economic liberalisation in India in its wider context. The distinction between globalisation as a process and globalisation as a project is made. While the economic reforms of the 1990s stimulated...

Author(s): Manisha Tripathy Pandey

Dynamics of religious conversion in Himachal Pradesh (HP) paradox of manufactured uncertainties

August 2011

  The meaning of the term conversion cannot be derived in static framework rather is based mainly on the contextualisation of social realities determined in terms of religious beliefs or affiliations. The complexities in defining the process are in fact inflicted by the various ‘Methodist missionaries’ who kept on experimenting with the popular belief system in one way or the other. The fundamental...

Author(s): Prem R. Bhardwaj

Unmediated socialization: The experience of observing big brother aspiring participants

August 2011

  The article presents some reflections on the practices and forms of spontaneous and unmediated interaction implemented by competitors of the Italian Big Brother 10th edition, while waiting for the auditions. While waiting, the participants put in place various forms of sharing, negotiation and conflict about attitudes, lifestyles and opinions. The method adopted is that of auto-ethnography. The aim of the...

Author(s): Gevisa La Rocca

Factors prompting pupils’ academic performance in privately owned Junior High Schools in Accra, Ghana

August 2011

The increasing poor performance of most public schools in Ghana has made the task of Government in meeting Basic Education needs a daunting one. This study, therefore, examined, from the perspectives of pupils and teachers/heads of schools in three selected privately owned Junior High Schools in Accra, the influencing factors on their higher academic performance as compared to public schools. Findings from this study...

Author(s): Michael Perry Kweku Okyerefo, Daniel Yaw Fiaveh and Steffi Naa L. Lamptey

Education for maintenance culture in Nigeria: Implications for community development

August 2011

  Infrastructural development is the bedrock of any development in the modern world. However, without a strong maintenance culture, efforts at infrastructural development will amount to nothing. This study looked into the issue of maintenance as practiced by Nigerians. Two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The survey design used for the study are sample of 120 men and...

Author(s): Adedokun Mary Olufunke

Africa in the age of globalisation

August 2011

  The paper examine the ways in which globalization of Africa`s social and political economy is impacting on African development project. It explores the local-national-global nexus as an element of the changing face of the international political economy. The study first deals with the conceptual issues, and settles the question of how globalisation is affecting African development as well as Africa`s response...

Author(s): Igwe, Dickson Ogbonnaya

From Babangida to Obasanjo: The State, rent-seeking behaviour and the realities of privatization in Nigeria

July 2011

  In line with the orthodox thinking regarding economy development, privatisation of public enterprises hitherto have become critical component of Nigeria’s economic reform programmes since the last decade and a half. This paper argues that privatisation a much touted program from the regime of Ibrahim Babangida (1985 to 1993) to the second coming of Olusegun Obasanjo (1999  to 2007) did not act as...

Author(s): Edlyne E. Anugwom

Righteous Hutus: Can stories of courageous rescuers help in Rwanda’s reconciliation process

July 2011

  Many believe that stories of heroic rescuers can make a modest contribution to reconciliation efforts years after genocide occurs. One extended effort to gather stories of Hutu rescuers in Rwanda led to a Kinyarwanda publication and the posting of a blogsite with several dozen narratives. The purpose of this paper is to share the essence of some of the rescue stories and observations about the reconciliation...

Author(s): Paul Conway

Socioeconomic determinants of age at marriage in Malawi

July 2011

  Although age at first marriage has important demographic and health consequences for any population, no systematic analysis of changes in the timing of marriage has been conducted in Malawi. The purpose of this study is to identify factors affecting age at marriage among women in Malawi. This study used data obtained from 2000 and 2004 for Malawi Demographic and Health surveys. Univariate, bivariate and...

Author(s): Martin E. Palamuleni

Gendering of work and its implications on youth sexuality in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

July 2011

  This paper examines the nature of gendering work among youth living in two oil-producing communities, Gelegele and Ogulagha of Nigeria, and its implications on youth sexuality, in terms of their perception and use of condom and HIV/AIDS. Data collection techniques used includes observation and in-depth interviews with ten youth from Gelegele and fifteen youth from Ogulagha, from January to April 2003.  A...

Author(s): Francisca Isi Omorodion

Predictors of elderly persons’ quality of life and health practices in Nigeria

July 2011

  The exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional study which was undertaken from March 2008 to June 2009 examined the elderly person’s life styles in terms of nutritional preferences, health care measures adopted and why they were adopted to achieve healthy ageing. It also assessed whether there would be association between quality of life predictors (social support, living with spouse, finances and...

Author(s): Fajemilehin B. R. and Odebiyi A. I.

CSR as corporate social responsibility or colonial structures return? A Nigerian case study

June 2011

  In this paper the impact of oil and gas companies in Nigeria is explored under the umbrella concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). At one level there is acknowledgement of greater emphasis on socially responsible policies. Nevertheless these are limited in scope and ambition and the energy sector continues to create social, environmental, cultural and political problems in the region. Focussing on...

Author(s): Stephen Vertigans

What makes sex workers strike: A comparative analysis of France (1975) and the UK (1982)

June 2011

  This paper aims to identify the reasons why sex workers strike/occupy churches comparing the sex workers strikes/church occupations in France (1975) and the UK (1982). In order to understand why “sex workers” strike, the paper briefly introduces the available literature on why workers strike. Noting the differences between workers’ and sex workers’ strikes, the former usually being...

Author(s): Elcin Kurbanoglu

Social control and surveillance in the society of consumers

June 2011

  The new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) introduced a highly automated and much cheaper systematic observation of personal data. ICTs advance the intensification and the extension of surveillance, such that an expanding quantity of data can now be collected, tabulated and cross-referenced more rapidly and more accurately than old paper files. This process contributes to the...

Author(s): Massimo Ragnedda

Socio-economic status of tribal women: A study of a transhumant Gaddi population of Bharmour, Himachal Pradesh, India

June 2011

  The status of women with reference to tribal India is hardly reduced by any disabling stigma or inferiority attached to women although periods of impurity in the monthly cycles are widely recognized, observed and feared. Within the caste system however as we move up towards higher castes, the position of women becomes subordinate, servile and sometimes hopeless. Anthropologists have good reasons to believe...

Author(s): Keya Pandey

New comers, confidence and social fragmentation in communities with strong cultural differentiation in Sicily

June 2011

  This article is a community study carried out in a microcosm of Sicily using different strategies to defend collective identity and territory from the waves of new immigrants. It is a critical analysis of the changing of representations of immigrants, and the problems that multiculturalism poses with regard to issues of identity and confidence.   Key words: Confidence, immigration, rights,...

Author(s): Lorenzo Ferrante

Challenges and experiences of women in the forestry sector in Nepal

May 2011

  This article asks why there are relatively few women at the Institute of Forestry (IOF) and in the field of forestry in Nepal. It explores the obstacles to entering and succeeding in this male-dominated field from women’s perspectives, and makes recommendations for increasing their participation. Based on “focus group discussions” and interviews with nearly 50 women, the authors considered...

Author(s): Maria Elisa Christie and Kalpana Giri

Socio-cultural factors that perpetuate the spread of HIV among women and girls in Keiyo District, Kenya

May 2011

  The human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) pandemic is still ravaging, after the first case was diagnosed more than twenty years ago. Women are disproportionally affected, in 2008/2009 HIV prevalence among women was twice as high as that for men at 8 and 4.3% respectively (NACC, 2009). The aim of the study was to investigate the socio-cultural factors and risk perceptions that pre-dispose women and girls to the...

Author(s): Georgine Jebet Kemboi, Kennedy Onkware and Omosa Mogambi Ntabo

Gender role and fertility behaviour among Calabar and Oban communities in Cross River State, Nigeria

May 2011

  Discussions on fertility behaviour and population control policies have focused exclusively on the behaviour of females, and often target women for change while disregarding the role of the males. The inability of the national population policies to address this while at the same time encouraging patriarchal family system for the stability of the home seems to support this neglect. This study thus, examined...

Author(s): M. A. Ushie, C. V. O. Eneji, A. D. Nsemo, K. O. Osonwa and E. E. Enang

The importance of wheat in teething celebration in Turkish culture

April 2011

  Food is utterly essential to human existence and has an important role to play in social and cultural events as well. The study of food and eating has a long history in social sciences, specifically in folklore and anthropology, beginning in the nineteenth century. This article concentrates on a particular food, wheat and examines its significance in the Turkish culture. Since wheat has both cultural and...

Author(s): Suheyla Saritas

Begging and almsgiving in Nigeria: The Islamic perspective

April 2011

  This study is provoked by the widespread belief held by general populace that begging in Nigeria is an Islamic phenomenon. Scholars, media, and general public believe that Islamic religious injunctions encourage, promote or at least condone begging. They attribute the thriving of begging in Nigeria to Islamic faith. Against this background, this study investigated the relationship between Islam and begging....

Author(s): Ogunkan, David Victor

Study of divorce in Iran provinces from 1977 to 1998: Emphasis on the role of Iran-Iraq war

April 2011

  War and violence in societies, throughout history, have always left devastating effects, catastrophes and suffering, resulting from war and war-torn areas, in addition to those affecting all segments of the society, which is an important outcome of the divorceprocess that has increased the family configuration. This paper documents and reviews, with a theoretical approach, the sociological...

Author(s): Mahvash Janmardy

The new urban issue: A journey into the Italian city and its sensitive areas

March 2011

  The transformation of the urban horizon shows a heterotropical fragmentation which is a transverse phenomenon. Some parts of the city are showing new combinations of functions and populations: these are simply juxtaposed, with neither contacts nor communications. While some places/populations are losing functions, suffering economic changes and weakening the sociability skills, some others are more widely...

Author(s): Mauro Magatti and Monica Martinelli

Julius Nyerere’s influence and legacy: From a proponent of familyhood to a candidate for sainthood

March 2011

  By far, the greatest and startling religious news of this century from East Africa has been the unravelling of the complicated process towards canonization and possible papal declaration of Julius Nyerere, a Catholic saint. Both the political and religious worlds have joined ranks to make sure that the former president of Tanzania is beatified, an intriguing event surrounded by controversy. This paper reports...

Author(s): Simeon Mesaki and Mrisho Malipula

The American New State of Mary Parker Follett

March 2011

  This research tries to answer one of the major questions that has been discussed in the literature of Public Administration (PA) repeatedly. The question is: Has 21st century American government succeeded in achieving a genuinely democratic administration where efficiency and democratic values are reconciled? The main argument of this research is that it has not been possible in spite of the calls of many...

Author(s): Wasim I. Al-Habil

A study of the occupational health function among female textile workers

March 2011

  Reduction of respiratory function among textile workers in the textile industry has been observed since the 1970s.  A  contaminant  of  raw  cotton  fiber  and  cotton  dust,  has  been proposed as a affecting agent that may deteriorate the respiratory function. Present study aimed to find the factors associated with the deterioration of respiratory...

Author(s): Ajeet Jaiswal

The vital role played by caste and patriarchy in the emerging women leadership in the governance of local self-government of Pithoragarh and Almora district of Uttarakhand

March 2011

  This paper discusses the bearing of the primordial institutions of caste and patriarchy on the emerging women’s leadership in local self- government in Uttarakhand. The state of Uttarakhand was established in the year 2000 dated 9th November. The introducing of reservation for the women in local self- government for the first time in the country, has also led to make similar provisions in the...

Author(s): Abhimanyu Kumar

The politics of ethnic balancing in Nigeria

February 2011

  Nigeria as a heterogeneous society has continually faced the problem of ethnicity in her national life. Ethnicity remains a major factor in the politics of the country and this has been a major problem not only among the ruling elites but the citizenry who are constantly manipulated for political purposes. The elites on their part have always seen ethnicity as a fall back mechanism in settling scores whenever...

Author(s): Franca Attoh and Omololu Soyombo

Engendering development: Demystifying patriarchy and its effects on women in rural Kenya

February 2011

  The paper examines the effects of the culture of patriarchy on the development process, and particularly its effects on women. This is borne out of the perceived concerns and challenges of the third millennium development goal (MDG) which was coined with an aim of promoting gender equality and women empowerment. The challenge of this goal however is its lack of enough consideration of the cultural...

Author(s): Loreen Maseno and Susan M. Kilonzo

Women SHGs in coastal Kerala: The lope side of social development?

February 2011

  The SHG movement worldwide aimed at systematically empowering marginalized grass root level women, by way of conscientization, income generation and capacity building. The resent article examines vying evidence as to whether the SHG movement really did enhanced development among the coastal women. Data had been collected from the SHGs in the coastal areas of Kerala. On one hand, the conscious group...

Author(s): Sonny Jose and Lekshmi V. Nair

The trajectories of culture, Christianity and socio-economic development in Vihiga District, Western Kenya

February 2011

  Culture is part and parcel of a community’s life irrespective of the repelling forces or demands from other social institutions, including the Church. However, some scholars have argued that the Church is a culture in itself (Clapp, 1996: 84). Subsequently, it should be considerate of other cultures around it. If the diverse cultures conflict due to the differing cultural views from the different...

Author(s): Susan M. Kilonzo

Violence against women and reproduction health among African women: The case of Bette women of Obudu in Cross River State, Nigeria

February 2011

  Violence against women (VAW) is continually recognized as a global health concern yet population based studies of its determinants and consequences remain scarce in less developed areas. This study was undertaken to fill this gap, the study covered four wards of the ten political wards in Obudu using system rand sampling to obtain respondents. Quantitative instruments (questionnaire) and methods (SPSS) were...

Author(s): M. A. Ushie, C. V. O. Eneji, D. B. Ugal, O. Anyaoha, B. A. Ushie and J. E. Bassey

Defining witchcraft-related crime in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

January 2011

  In the South African context, criminal acts that are associated with beliefs in witchcraft have illustrated the complexities that emerge in the relationship between crime and culture.  Witchcraft beliefs continue to play an important role in the lives of many African communities. However, when these beliefs manifest themselves in the harming of others, either through perceived supernatural means or...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

The menace of begging in Nigerian cities: A sociological analysis

January 2011

  Despite the concerted efforts of scholars, government, media and general public to tackle the problem of begging in Nigerian society, the problem seems intractable especially in our cities. Against this background, this study examines begging from different social perspectives and discovered that the problem of begging is multidimensional. The study also observed that past research exercises on the subject...

Author(s): O. A. Fawole, D. V. Ogunkan and A. Omoruan

Correlation between socioeconomic differences and infant mortality in the Arab World (1990-2009)

January 2011

  The infant mortality rate (IMR) is one of the most important indicators of the socioeconomic and of the health status of a community and is considered as an index of differentials in health and socioeconomic condition in a community. This article was aimed to determine the relationship between socio-economic differences (literacy rate, unemployment, poverty, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), early marriage,...

Author(s): Mazen Abuqamar, Danny Coomans and Fred Louckx

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