Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 383

JVMAH Articles

Morphological studies of the appendicular skeleton of the African giant pouched rat (Cricetomysgambianus) part (ii) pelvic limb

November 2011

The pelvic limb of the African giant pouched rat (Cricetomysgambianus) was studied using 12 adult rats of both sexes. Characteristics of the bones were studied by gross observation after preparation. Measurement of different segments of the Pelvic limb (articulated) was also taken. The bones of the pelvic limb were found to be generally similar in both structure and number to other rodent species that has been studied....

Author(s): Sulaiman Olawoye Salami, Kenechukwu Tobechukwu Onwuama, ObadiahByanet, Samuel Chikera Ibe and Samuel AdeniyiOjo

Influence of pregnancy and lactation on the parasitological and clinico-pathological responses of out-bred albino mice to Heligmosomoides bakeri infection administered at different trimesters of pregnancy

November 2011

Influence of pregnancy and lactation on the parasitological and some clinico-pathological responses of out-bred albino mice to single doses of Heligmosomoides bakeri (H.b) were studied. Fifty six pregnant and ten non-pregnant mice were used for the study. The pregnant mice were either infected in the first, second or third trimester depending on the experimental group and were either allowed to suckle or not following...

Author(s): Ngongeh L. A., Chiejina S. N.  and Fakae B. B.

Management of surgical wounds using crude neem oil in one year old ram: A successful report

October 2011

Wound healing effect of crude neem (Azadirachta indica Juss) oil, processed locally from the seed kernel was assessed on septic surgical wound in a one year old Uda ram. A wound approximately 7 cm in diameter created as a result of surgical drainage of abscess on the left caudal part of the elbow joint was flushed with the crude neem oil. A single application of the crude neem oil to the sutured wound resulted in a...

Author(s): Bwala D. G., Elisha I. L., Habu K. A., Dogonyaro B. B. and Kaikabo A. A.

Use of formalin and modified gravity-feed embalming technique in veterinary anatomy dissection and practicals

October 2011

Gravity feed embalming technique was used to preserve cadavers for teaching of gross anatomy and practicals. Six white Fulani cattle were used. The gravity feed technique was employed to embalm through the right common carotid artery. The right external jugular vein was used to drain blood from the vascular system concurrently. Complete embalming was achieved in about 10 h using an embalming fluid constituted of a...

Author(s): Itopa E. Ajayi, James C. Shawulu, Abdurrahman Ghaji, Gabriel K. Omeiza⊃ and Okwoche J. Ode⊃

On-farm diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in nomadic herds using latex agglutination test (LAT)

September 2011

Three outbreaks of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Kafur Local Government Area of Katsina State, involving a total of 250 animals were reported. All the animals were examined thoroughly and based on the clinical signs exhibited, 120 (group A, n= 51, B, n=29 and C, n=40) animals were selected for latex agglutination test (LAT), using serum from each of the animal. The results indicate infection rates of 11.8%...

Author(s): Okaiyeto S. O., Danbirni S. , Allam L., Akam E. Pewan S. B. and Kudi A. C.

A study on the prevalence, distribution and economic importance of Cysticercus tenuicollis in visceral organs of small ruminants slaughtered at an abattoir in Ethiopia

September 2011

This study reports on detection and prevalence of Cysticercus tenuicollis in slaughtered sheep and goats at abattoirs of Ethiopia. A total of 1152 sheep and goats (576 sheep and 576 goats) were randomly sampled and examined postmortem after slaughter for presence of C. tenuicollis in the visceral organs of the animals using standard meat inspection procedures. Out of 1152 animals examined 127 livers...

Author(s): Anteneh Wondimu, Daniel Abera and Yacob Hailu

Hepatoprotective activity of Solanum nigrum extracts on chemically induced liver damage in rats

August 2011

The hepatoprotective effects of Solanum nigrum water and methanolic extracts were studied in rats injected with 0.2 ml/kg carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 10 consecutive days. S. nigrum water extract (250 to 500 mg/kg) was administered to rats injected with CCl4 for 10 days. The water extracts showed a hepatoprotective effect against CCl4-induced liver damage, which was evident by the decrease in...

Author(s): R. A. M. Elhag, S. M. A. El Badwi, A. O. Bakhiet and M. Galal

Therapeutic effects of Tephrosia vogelii ointment in the treatment of bovine dermatophilosis

August 2011

The therapeutic effect of a cream ointment prepared from the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii Hook F., was tested for the treatment of bovine dermatophilosis in four local cows of the Sokoto Gudali breed and two 50% Holstein Friesian crosses in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria. All the selected animals used in this study were naturally infected by the Dermatophilus congolensis organism. The selected animals all...

Author(s): Makoshi M. S. and Arowolo R. O. A.

Serologic detection of Avian influenza H5 antibodies using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

August 2011

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) for Avian influenza (AI) H5 specific antibody detection was previously developed. In this study, additional serum samples from infected and vaccinated birds were tested and the results were compared to other serological tests. Using the samples from experimentally infected chickens, the H5 cELISA was shown to be comparable to other serological assays. Using...

Author(s): Ming Yang, Alfonso Clavijo, John Pasick, Tim Salo, Zhiliang Wang, Yanling Zhao, Dongxia Zheng and Yohannes Berhane

Bovine colostrum: A veterinary nutraceutical

July 2011

A total of 116 adult frogs were captured from Moniya area of Ibadan and University of Ibadan Fish Farm, Oyo State of Nigeria between 31st March and 8th June 2009 and investigated for blood parasites by microscopic examination of stained blood films. Some haematological parameters were estimated. The mean packed cell volume, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelet count, mean cell volume, mean cell...

Author(s): N. N. Pandey, A. A. Dar, D. B. Mondal and Nagaraja L.

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in farm animals (camels, cattle, and sheep) in Sudan

July 2011

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii in human was increased in last years in Sudan particularly, in pregnant women. The infection may lead to devastating consequences to newborns therefore, the present study, designed to study the role of domestic animals in transmission of the disease to human. Serum samples from 200 cattle, sheep, and lactating camels from Khartoum State, Sudan were researched for T....

Author(s): Khalil M. Khalil and Intisar E. Elrayah

The effects of diabetes mellitus on the pathogenicity of trypanosomosis in rats

July 2011

Alloxan monohydrate was used to induce diabetes in rats, and then followed post infection with Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma brucei to determine the impact of diabetes on the course of trypanosome infection. Significant (P<0.05) hyperglycaemia occurred in the alloxan treated rats starting on day seven to the end of the experiment. Trypanosome infection did not affect the glycaemic status...

Author(s): Ukwueze Stanley Chigozie and Anene Boniface Maduka

Haematology and prevalence of blood parasites of the common frog (Rana temporaria) in the tropical environment

June 2011

A total of 116 adult frogs were captured from Moniya area of Ibadan and University of Ibadan fish farm, Oyo State of Nigeria between 31st March and 8th June 2009 and investigated for blood parasites by microscopic examination of stained blood films. Some haematological parameters were estimated. The mean packed cell volume, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelet count, mean cell volume, mean cell...

Author(s): Omonona A. O. and Ekpenko V.

A cross-sectional study of equine trypanosomosis and its vectors in Wolayta zone, Southern Ethiopia

June 2011

A study was conducted between October 2008 and April 2009 in Humbo, Kindo Koysha and Sodo Zuria districts (southern Ethiopia) to investigate the infection by trypanosomes in equines and the fly vectors present in these areas. A total of 214 donkeys, 20 horses and 60 mules were examined by a dark ground/phase contrast buffy coat technique and microscopy of blood smears. Trypanosomes were observed in 10.7% of the donkeys...

Author(s): Addisu Eyob, Solomon Mekuria, Alemayehu Regassa and Rahmeto Abebe

Parsing demographic effects of canine parvovirus on a Minnesota wolf population

June 2011

We examined 35 years of relationships among wolf (Canis lupus) pup survival, population change and canine parvovirus (CPV) seroprevalence in Northeastern Minnesota to determine when CPV exerted its strongest effects. Using correlation analysis of data from five periods of 7-years each from 1973 through 2007, we learned that the strongest effect of CPV on pup survival (r = -0.73) and on wolf population change (r = -0.92)...

Author(s): L. David Mech, and Sagar M. Goyal

Detection of serum antibodies to parainfluenza type 3 virus, respiratory syncytial virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus, and herpes virus type 1 in sheep in the Region of Botucatu, São Paulo - Brazil

January 2011

Occurrence of various livestock diseases particularly foot and mouth disease, infectious bursal disease, contagiuos bovine pleuro pneumonia, babesiosis and trypanosomosis were established among the Fulani community of Barkin Ladi Local Government Area, Plateau State. For this study, different techniques of participatory rural appraisal such as open-ended interview, probing, triangulation, transect and proportional...

Author(s): Roberto Calderon Gonçalves, Andreza Amaral da Silva, Danilo Otávio Laurenti Ferreira, Júlio Simões Marcondes, Edviges Maristela Pituco and Adriano Dias

Occurrence of nematodiasis in Holstein Friesian dairy breed

January 2011

Study was conducted from October 2008 to April 2009 to assess the prevalence of nematodes in Haramaya University dairy farm, Ethiopia. Coprological method (floatation, fecal culture and EPG) were used. Of 172 Holstein Friesian breed examined animals, 54% were positive with 18, 57 and 62% prevalence in calves, heifers and adult, respectively showing significant difference (P<0.05) where odds of nematode is 6 in...

Author(s): Adem Hiko and Anteneh Wondimu

Participatory rural appraisal of livestock diseases among the Fulani community of the Barkin Ladi Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria

January 2011

The effect of long-acting oxytetracycline treatment in the development of sequestra in contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP)-infected animals was determined. Thirty five clinically healthy zebu cattle, negative for CBPP antibodies (as tested by a competitive ELISA), were infected with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoidessmall colony variant - field isolate. All the animals were...

Author(s): Bolajoko M. B., Moses G. D., Gambari-Bolajoko K. O., Ifende V. I., Emenna P. and Bala A.

Experimental studies on the effect of long-acting oxytetracycline treatment in the development of sequestra in contagious bovine pleuropneumonia-infected cattle

November 2010

The effect of long-acting oxytetracycline treatment in the development of sequestra in contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP)-infected animals was determined. Thirty five clinically healthy zebu cattle, negative for CBPP antibodies (as tested by a competitive ELISA), were infected with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoidessmall colony variant - field isolate. All the animals were...

Author(s): M. Niang, A. Sery, M. Doucouré, M. Koné, M. N’Diaye, W. Amanfu and F. Thiaucourt

Seroepidemiological investigation of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes in cattle around Lake Mburo National Park in South-western Uganda

November 2010

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in cattle occur annually in Uganda. In this study the authors investigated antibodies against FMD virus (FMDV) in cattle in surrounding areas of Lake Mburo National Park in South-western Uganda. Two hundred and eleven serum samples from 23 cattle herds were examined for the presence of antibodies against FMDV non-structural proteins and structural proteins using...

Author(s): Frank Norbert Mwiine, Chrisostom Ayebazibwe, Soren Alexandersen, William Olaho-Mukani, A. R. Okurut Ademun and Kirsten Tjornehoj

Comparison of serum and salivary cortisol in restrained ewe lambs after (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone) ACTH administration

November 2010

The objective of the current study was to compare cortisol concentrations in serum and salivary samples taken concurrently from halter-restrained lambs administered ACTH (100 IU, i.v.) or saline. Although cortisol appeared elevated in all animals, it tended to increase after ACTH administration in both serum (p = 0.085) and saliva (p = 0.078). Additionally, correlation (r = 0.66; p < 0.001) and regression (R2 =...

Author(s): D. T. Yates, L. J. Yates, R. A. Halalsheh, R. L. Wesley, D. M. Hallford and T. T. Ross

Pseudomonas infection in Chickens

November 2010

Pseudomonas aeuroginosa is a motile, gram negative, oxidase positive bacteria, grows well on MacConkey agar media. It is a rod shaped bacteria occurring singly or in short chains, microscopically, margins of the colonies are having hook like projections. The organism is a strict aerobe, also grows readily on other common bacteriological media. The bacteria usually produces a water soluble green pigment composed of...

Author(s): Fekadu Kebede

Amelioration of heat stress induced disturbances of the antioxidant defense system in broilers

April 2010

A comparative study on antistressor and antioxidative effects of synthetic vitamin C and polyherbal feed premix supplementation in broilers was conducted during the summer months of June-July when the mean temperature-humidity index was 84.74 ± 2.51. Day old broiler chicks (n = 60) were randomly divided into three groups. Control group I was given basal diet and treatment groups (II and III) were supplemented...

Author(s): V. Sujatha, Jayant Pandurang Korde, Sunil K. Rastogi, Shivi Maini, Kotagiri Ravikanth and Dhananjay Shyamrao Rekhe

Isolation and identification of Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitic milk and their drug resistance patterns in Adama town, Ethiopia

April 2010

A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2008 - April 2009 to estimate the prevalence of mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus, to assess the associated risk factors and to determine the antimicrobial resistance pattern in Adama town, East Shoa, Ethiopia. From 102 markets oriented small holder dairy farms, a total of 300 lactating cows were tested for mastitis using the California Mastitis Test...

Author(s): M. Abera,  B. Demie, K. Aragaw, F. Regassa and A. Regassa

Blood profiles from wild populations of green sea turtles in Taiwan

February 2010

Blood samples were obtained from twenty seven clinically healthy by-catched green turtles (Chelonia mydas). The packed cell volume (PCV) and 14 plasma biochemistry parameters were determined from these samples. The PCV values were lower in sub-adult green turtles than in the adults while the plasma AST concentration was higher in the sub-adults than in the adults. These variations may be due to the age of the...

Author(s): Chia-ling Fong, Ho-Chang Chen and I-Jiunn Cheng

Effects of dietary vitamin E on daily intake, serum testosterone and epididymal sperm quality in Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to heat stress

February 2010

This study examined the effects of vitamin E on daily intake, serum testosterone levels, and epididymal sperm quality in heat stressed male rats.  Rats were heat stressed (HS; 35°C) or housed at room temperature (control; 24°C) for 20 days and offered one of the following dietary vitamin E concentrations: 42 (low), 242 (med-low), 2,042 (med-high), or 20,042 (high) IU/kg diet. On day 21, rats were...

Author(s): D. T. Yates, A. F. Montoya, L. J. Yates, C. A. Warner, A. R. Otis, L. M. Lankford, R. A. Halalsheh, D. M. Hallford and T. T. Ross

Serological survey of etiological agents associated with abortion in two Algerian dairy cattle breeding farms

January 2010

In Algeria, there is a lack of information about the frequency and etiology of abortions in breeding cattle. In order to improve this situation, we sent a questionnaire to veterinary practitioners, and followed it up with a serological survey on two dairy farms (A and B) that had reported abortions. The serological survey was undertaken to detect the main abortive agents with particular emphasis on Neospora...

Author(s): A. Dechicha, , S. Gharbi, S. Kebbal, G. Chatagnon, D. Tainturier, R. Ouzrout and D. Guetarni

Situs inversus totalis in a wistar albino rat

January 2010

Situs inversus totalis is a rare congenital condition in which the major organs are reversed in relation to their normal position. A 12-weeks-old Wistar albino rat that had no clinical signs of disease was examined macroscopically. It was observed that the location of the heart, liver, spleen and stomach was the opposite of their normal position and that the aorta and caudal vena cava were in a reverse orientation to...

Author(s): Bülent Salman, Tugan Tezcaner, Bahadır Ege, Mustafa Kerem, ÇaÄŸdaÅŸ Oto and Tonguç Utku Yılmaz

Comparative efficacy of doxycycline and flumequine against experimentally induced colibacillosis in broiler chicks

August 2009

  This study sought to determine comparative efficacy of doxycycline and flumequine for the treatment of colibacillosis, which is an acute septicaemic disease caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli. This disease has illness coming on in the range widely, death rate is relatively high and some are up to more than 30%, have caused the enormous economic losses. The birds were infected...

Author(s): Haji Akbar, Murad Khan, Ayaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Ali Khan, Muhammad Shuaib, Shamaila Fazal Akbar, Sobia Manzoor, Irshad-ur-rehman, Shakeel Ahmad, Liaqat Ali, Rehmana Khalid and Muhammad Idrees

Protective efficacy of commercial live vaccines against very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) in Ghana

August 2009

  In spite of the intensive and varied vaccination procedures to control Infectious Bursa Disease (IBD), the emergence of a very virulent (vv) IBD pathotype in Ghana has led to high economic losses in the poultry industry. The potencies of two live intermediate IBD vaccine strains (TAD and Nobilis D78) and an intermediate-plus (hot) vaccine strain (228E) used in Ghana were evaluated by challenging Specific...

Author(s): H. R. Otsyina, J. Amakye-Anim and K. G. Aning

A rapid method for testing the efficacy of teat dip formulations as bactericidal agents for the control of bovine mastitis

July 2009

A nylon membrane-based filter technique was developed to evaluate the bactericidal efficacy of mastitis control teat dip products. Using this method, we were able to determine that this protocol was both a rapid and effective method for evaluating the efficacy of our iodine- and bronopol-containing teat dips against a variety of mastitis-causing strains of bacteria such as E. coli, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, S....

Author(s): Pasquale P. Vicario, Irina A. Grigorian and John Pascoe B. S.

Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in Bench Maji zone, Southwestern Ethiopia

July 2009

  A cross-sectional sero-epidemological study was conducted in two districts of the Bench Maji Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia between November 2007 and February 2008 with the objective of determining the seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in cattle and identifying the potential risk factors associated with the disease. Sera samples were collected from a total of 273 cattle in 98 herds. The sera were...

Author(s): Esayas Gelaye, Gelagay Ayelet, Tsegalem Abera and Kassahun Asmare

Toxicological assessment of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta for possible use in veterinary medicine

July 2009

  Acute and sub-acute oral toxicity assessment of the aqueous root extract ofCryptolepis sanguinolenta was studied in Sprague Dawley rats for possible use as animal medication. The extract (250 - 3000 mg/kg, p.o) was administered daily for a period of 72 h and (500 - 2000 mg/kg, p.o) for 14 days for acute and sub-acute studies respectively.  Acute administration of the extract did not produce any...

Author(s): C. Ansah, H. R. Otsyina, M. Duwiejua, E. Woode, F. A.  Aboagye and K. G. Aning

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