Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 387

JVMAH Articles

An evaluation of a pilot herd-health programme for improved health and productivity of smallholder dairy herds in peri-urban Kampala, Uganda

September 2021

A pilot herd-health programme for improved health and productivity of peri-urban dairy herds in Kampala, Uganda was evaluated. A total of 15 herds were enrolled on the program following informed owner consent. Fortnightly, each herd was visited for a general herd evaluation with data captured using standard evaluation form. Following each visit and for every farm, a herd health report was produced with specific...

Author(s): James Okwee-Acai, Immaculate Nabukenya, Samuel G. Okech, Benard Agwai, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Sylvia A. Baluka, Paul Okullo and Robert Tweyongyere

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia: A review

August 2021

The objective of this review is to generate information about the current status of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) which is recognized as highly infectious, and devastating disease of goats for about 140 years. However, current reports indicated that sheep can be affected. CCPP is caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (Mccp) which is severe and dramatic mycoplasmas, challenging to isolate...

Author(s): Dereje Teshome and Teshale Sori

Morphological and molecular diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in chickens

August 2021

Confirmatory diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis is paramount to ensure proper treatment and effective management of the disease in food and companion animals. Suspected invasive aspergilllosis in chickens was encountered at post-mortem. Morphological and molecular methods were employed to identify Aspergillus from samples collected from dead chickens at post-mortem. Morphologically, two species of Aspergillus were...

Author(s): Olusegun Adesina Fagbohun, Gbolahanmi Akinola Oladosu, Rofiat Damilola Adesina

Quantitative analysis of echotexture and testicular biometry in asinines used in animal-drawn vehicles

July 2021

Testicular ultrasound analysis is a non-invasive diagnostic method and an important step in andrological examination, which enables the early assessment of fertility disorders. Given the importance that asinines have for low-income families, and the need for experiments to establish these patterns of andrological evaluation for donkeys, this study aims to quantitatively determine the testicular echogenicity without a...

Author(s): Danillo Brenno de Assis Torres, Antônio Galdino Filho, Danilo Cutrim Bezerra, Dennis Leite dos Santos, Rudson Almeida de Oliveira, Kelvin Ramon da Silva Leitão, Paulo Vitor Silva de Carvalho, Renan Paraguassu de Sá Rodrigues, Flávio Ribeiro Alves and Porfírio Candanedo Guerra

Prevalence of hip dysplasia in domestic shorthair breed of cats in three municipal districts in Accra, Ghana

July 2021

Hip dysplasia in cats appears to have a similar prevalence as that seen in dogs especially with large breeds of cats like the Maine coon. However, cats do not commonly show signs of lameness like dogs do. This study was to determine the prevalence of hip dysplasia in domestic shorthair breed of cats in three municipal districts in Accra, Ghana. Twenty (12 males and 8 females) adult (2.3 ± 0.8 years) shorthair...

Author(s): Zainab Olaitan Oni, Adenike Olatunji-Akioye and Ayodeji Ayotunde Oni

Paratuberculosis epidemiological study (risk factors and prevalence) in ovine livestock production units in the State of Guanajuato, Mexico

July 2021

In order to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with paratuberculosis in ovine livestock production units in Guanajuato, Mexico; a cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out for one year long. Serum samples (n = 1387) were analyzed with an agar gel immunodiffusion test. Bacteriological culture and IS900 nested PCR were done from the fecal samples (n=640). For epidemiological data, two...

Author(s): Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Dionisio Cordova-López and Claudia Celic Guzmán-Ruiz

Seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and brucellosis and their effect on reproductive performance of dairy cattle

May 2021

A total of 332 dairy cow’s sera samples were collected from Kombolcha and Dessie districts of North Ethiopia to determine the sero-prevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), and Brucellosis. Sera samples were split into equal portions and competitive ELISA was used for testing IBR in the first portion while Rose Bengal test (RBT) and Complement Fixation Test (CFT) were used for detection of Brucellosis...

Author(s): Wedajo Muleta Tadeg, Alemayehu Lemma, Tefera Yilma, Hagos Asgedom and Abadi Amare Reda  

Antibody response, viral load, viral clearance and growth rate in Tanzanian free-range local chickens infected with lentogenic Newcastle disease virus

May 2021

This study is aimed at evaluating antibody responses, viral loads, viral clearance and growth rate of Tanzanian free-range local chicken (FRLC) challenged with LaSota strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as indicator traits for selection of chickens for breeding with enhanced resistance to the disease and economic value. Three popular free-range local chicken ecotypes: Kuchi, Ching’wekwe and Morogoro-medium...

Author(s): James Richard Mushi, Gaspar Honorati Chiwanga,, Esther Lemburis Mollel, Muhammed Walugembe, Robert Arsen Max, Peter Makenga Msoffe, Rodrigo Gallardo, Terra Kelly, Susan Lamont, Jack Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, and Amandus Muhairwa,  

Prevalence, effects and alternative control methods of Haemonchus contortus in small ruminants: A review

April 2021

Small ruminants farming is a traditional activity mostly practiced by local populations in developing countries since several centuries. Nowadays, due to many biotic and climatic factors, it faces various problems which damage smallholders’ income especially those related to gastrointestinal parasites. In opposite to the chemical drugs use in controlling those parasites, medicinal plants have been investigated...

Author(s): Julienne KUISEU, Fréjus T. A. ZINSOU, Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Géorcelin G. ALOWANOU, Adam D. ADENILE, Christian C. DANSOU, Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE and Patrick A. EDORH

Bacteriology and cytology of the non-gravid one-humped camel genitalia

April 2021

This study evaluates the cytology and prevalence of bacteria in the genital tract of non-pregnant dromedary camels at the main abattoir of Kano through a cross-sectional design with convenience sampling. Results revealed that Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were isolated with E. coli and S. aureus being the most prevalent....

Author(s): Musa Bello, Halima Aliyu, Muhammad Bashar Usman, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

A cross-sectional evaluation of aflatoxin B1 and M1 contaminations of dairy cattle production in Northern Nigeria

April 2021

In Nigeria, dairy industry holds monumental prospects in the management of protein deficiencies among the timid Nigerian populace. Emergence of metabolic products of some important fungi, Aflatoxins B1 and M1 (AFB1 and AFM1), may hamper such potentials and poses public health threat to the consumers of dairy products. Hence, the need to undertake a study with the view of evaluating AFB1 and AFM1 levels in dairy cattle...

Author(s): Omeiza Gabriel Kehinde, Kabir Junaidu, Kwaga Jacob, Mwanza Mulunda, Nafarnda Wesley Daniel, Enem Simon Ikechukwu, Adamu Andrew, Godwin Enid, Adeiza AbdulRahman, Okoli Chinwe and Kwaja Elisha Zailani  

Prevalence and risk factors associated with subclinical mastitis in lactating dairy cows under smallholder dairy farming in North East Tanzania

March 2021

A cross-sectional survey was carried out between October 2016 and May 2017 to determine the prevalence of subclinical mastitis (SCM), associated bacterial pathogens and risk factors under smallholdersmall holder dairy farms in North East Tanzania. The study involved 195 cross breed dairy cows from 130 dairy farms. Data were collected based on questionnaire interview, direct observation, screening using California...

Author(s): Damian Kilyenyi, Robinson Mdegela, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis risk factors: Applying Pareto principles to model more efficient control and prevention strategies in Botswana

March 2021

Most available data on Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis risk factors in Botswana neither associate risk factors with Batswana’s lifestyle nor rank risk factors’ contribution to observed prevalence. This disconnect undermines usability of data for bovine cysticercosis control. This study identified bovine cysticercosis risk factors and quantitatively ranked risk factors’ contributions to observed...

Author(s): Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga and Marumo S. Davis  

Bacteriological studies on egg yolk forms and different formulations of yolk-citrate semen extender

March 2021

Using a tabular design, the bacteriological profile of egg yolk forms and different formulations of yolk-citrate semen extenders across different storage periods was examined. Twenty-one eggs less than 24 h old were randomly selected from 3 crates of eggs. The yolks were harvested and divided into two equal parts. One part was centrifuged for 1 h at 3500 revolutions per minute (rpm) to get clarified yolk. The remaining...

Author(s): Eleojo Rose Ugbamaja, Nasiru Abubakar Salisu, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq, Ghali Muhammad and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

Comparison of Montanideâ„¢ GEL 01 and oily MontanideTM ISA 50 in presenting a peptide to the immune system of dogs

February 2021

Traditional vaccines based on killed or attenuated microorganisms or inactivated toxins have disadvantages associated with the risks of pathogenicity reversion, contamination with infectious material, variations between vaccine batches, storage problems, among others. Peptide identification containing important epitopes within antigens could be an attractive possibility to avoid those risks. However, in general,...

Author(s): Pedro Enrique Encinosa Guzmán, Anayram Perera Martin, Yamil Bello Soto, Frank Luis Ledesma Bravo, William Fernández Herrera, Carlos Pérez Heredia, Llilian Gómez Pérez, Nemecio González, Mario Pablo Estrada and Alina Rodríguez-Mallon  

Microbiological quality of free-range chicken carcasses from a non-regulated slaughter facility in Kenya

February 2021

This study assessed the microbiological quality of meat from free rage-produced chicken processed in an informal slaughter facility. The total viable counts (TVC), total coliform counts, coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus species, Salmonella species and Campylobacter species were used as indicators. A cross-sectional sampling of chicken carcasses at informal slaughter facility was carried out. Whole...

Author(s): Joseph K. N. Kuria, Esther W. Ngethe and Lucy W. Kabuage  

Peste des Petits Ruminants: Seropositivity and associated risk factors in goats and camel in Dello Mena and Madda Walabu Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

February 2021

Despite its endemicity and economic significance in Ethiopia, there was no sero-surveillance report of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Bale Zone. With this regard the study was conducted in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu districts of Bale zone with the objectives of determining the seroprevalence of PPR and associated risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to May 2017 on weaned goat and...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie, Minda Asfaw and Aynalem Teshome  

The trend of aetiologies of chronic emaciation in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis

January 2021

Chronic emaciation reflects the severity and duration of the aetiologies associated with a disease condition. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the trend and most significant causes of chronic emaciation and cachexia in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis and to evaluate the clinico-pathologic findings. The study was a prospective one. In this particular study, causative factors of chronic...

Author(s): Simon Akhaine , Jeremiah Olalekan Taiwo and Ameen Saliu Akanni  

Antiviral activities of ellagitannins against bovine herpesvirus-1, suid alphaherpesvirus-1 and caprine herpesvirus-1

October 2020

In vitro antiviral activity of three ellagitannins - castalagin, vescalagin and grandinin was investigated against replication of three of the most common herpes viruses infecting animals, namely bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), suid alphaherpesvirus-1 (SuHV-1), and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1). The cytopathic effect inhibition test via the neutral red uptake assay in Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cell culture was...

Author(s): Neli Vilhelmova-Ilieva, Ivo Sirakov, Remi Jacquet, Stephane Quideau and Angel S. Galabov  

Occurrence and characterization of Salmonella isolates in raw eggs from quail and chicken in selected poultry farms in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

September 2020

The study was carried out in three Local Government Areas: Jos North, Jos South and Jos East. For each egg type, twelve (12) samples each were collected from five (5) farms. A total of 360 samples were randomly collected consisting of equal number of quail and chicken eggs (180 each). A well-structured questionnaire was used to help analyze the results.  Samples were examined for the presence of Salmonella isolates...

Author(s): Olabode Victoria Bose, Barde Israel Joshua, Shekaro Audu, Benson Mercy Namang, Idachaba Stella Ejura, Oguche Moses Ojonugwa, Agada Godwin Ojonugwa and  Dashe Yakubu Gunya  

Sero-prevalence and risk factors of African Horse Sickness among donkeys in a highland area of Kenya

September 2020

A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for African Horse Sickness (AHS) in donkeys in the highland area of Kiambu County, Kenya. Data on the risk factors was collected using semi-structured questionnaires administered to 146 donkey owners while blood samples collected from 398 donkeys both during the rainy and dry seasons. Antibodies against AHS were detected using competitive antibody Enzyme...

Author(s): Mary Gichure, Philip Kitala, David Kihurani, John Mande and Njenga Munene  

Appraisal of management and biosecurity practices on pig farms in Makurdi, Benue State, North Central Nigeria

August 2020

The role of biosecurity at farm level is to reduce the risk of introduction of diseases in pig farms and prevent the disease transmission between animals on farms. It is an important management practice that impacts the profitability of pig production ventures. A survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity practices in 50 farms in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria, using a structured questionnaire and assessments through...

Author(s): Leo Daniel Ojabo and Moses Ukwu Enya  

Serological survey for avian metapneumovirus in commercial chickens from different climatic zones in Nigeria

August 2020

Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is an important poultry pathogen causing an acute highly contagious upper respiratory tract infection in chickens, and could result in swollen head syndrome. The disease causes significant economic losses in turkey and chicken flocks; however, its existence in the Nigerian poultry industry is not well defined. Also, the influence of weather on the prevalence of the disease is unknown. This...

Author(s): A. A. Bakre, O. A. Oladele, D. O. Oluwayelu and O. O. Esan  

Factors associated with infectious bursal disease vaccination failure in Dar es salaam, Tanzania

July 2020

Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is a viral infection that affects young chicks. The IBD outbreaks in vaccinated chickens are reported in Tanzania frequently. The current study was conducted to find out the possible causes of vaccination failure focusing on knowledge and practices of vaccine sellers and users, the immunogenic potential of currently used vaccine and the phylogenetic relationship between the vaccine and...

Author(s): Rukia Saidi, Gabriel Shirima, Joram Buza and Christopher Kasanga  

Factors influencing survival of BALB/c mice and their effects on immune efficacy in an experiment of hepatitis B immunization

July 2020

There was an accidental death of BALB/c mice in the course of the experiment about hepatitis B immunization. The reasons of the mice breeding failure were analyzed in order to provide some experience for future animal preparation about hepatitis B immunization. Items of all mice including sex, age, dose of hepatitis B vaccine (HepBVac), dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG), immunization route, vaccination schedule...

Author(s): Tao Wei, Ling Li, Weihong Lv, Shanjuan Tan, Fenghai Liu, Jiaru Su, Xiaona Xu and Lei Zhang  

Occurrence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. in broiler chicken neck skin from slaughterhouses in Zambia

June 2020

Salmonella is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen and poultry meat is considered as one of its major sources. This study evaluated Salmonella spp. detected in broiler chicken carcasses in Zambia. A total of 440 broiler neck skin samples were collected from 6 slaughter houses along the process line after evisceration and tested for Salmonella spp. Eleven samples (2.5%) were positive for Salmonella spp. The suspected...

Author(s): Maureen Wakwamba Ziba, Benson Bowa, Romina Romantini, Violeta Di Marzio, Cristina Marfoglia, Salvatore Antoci, Geoffrey Muuka, Massimo Scacchia, Mauro Mattioli and Francesco Pomilio  

Evaluation of comparative intradermal tuberculin and interferon gamma release tests for prediction of tuberculous lesion development in slaughtered cattle

June 2020

Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a chronic contagious disease of cattle which has economical, public health and veterinary importance worldwide. So far, test and slaughter is the most feasible method to control the disease but identification of lesions from slaughtered animals does not always coincide with ante-mortem test results. Fifty four animals which were found positive by comparative intradermal tuberculin test...

Author(s): Bezina Arega Emeru, Geberemeskel Mamu Werid and Birhanu Abera  

Clinicians’ perception and assessment of risk factors for surgical site infections in small animal practice in South-West, Nigeria

June 2020

This study evaluated the prevalence of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs), the enhancing risk factors in small animal hospitals and clinics, and clinicians’ perception of SSIs in South-west, Nigeria. Ten years (2007-2017) surgical patients’ case records from four government veterinary hospitals were initially studied. Fifty-seven copies of structured pre-tested questionnaires were further administered to...

Author(s): Eyarefe O. D. and Adeyemi I. M.  

Efficacy of Newcastle disease vaccines and vaccination protocols commonly used in Mali, West Africa

June 2020

Newcastle disease, caused by Avian paramyxovirus -1 (APMV-1), is a devastating disease of poultry that is endemic in many countries worldwide. Several commercial vaccines and protocols are available against the disease and in most cases, they provide good clinical protection. However, despite vaccination, cases of Newcastle disease are often seen in some countries, including Mali in West Africa. Although there is only...

Author(s): Marthin Dakouo, Patricia Gil, Mamadou Fofana, Mamadou Niang, Moussa Kongossia Coulibaly, Kassim Samaké, Abdallah Traoré, Boubacar O. Diallo, Emmanuel Albina, Flabou Bougoudougou, and Renata Servan de Almeida,  

Determination of some heavy metals residues in slaughtered cattle at Sokoto and Gusau modern abattoirs, Nigeria

May 2020

Some heavy metals are classified under environmental pollutant due to their toxic effects on animals, human and plants. These metals are not biodegradable in environment and find their way into the food chain. Concentrations of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr) were determined in some selected organs and tissues (kidney, liver, muscle, hide and blood) of slaughtered cattle at Sokoto and Gusau modern abattoirs...

Author(s): Bala Akawu, Abdulkadir Usman Junaidu, Mohammed Danlami Salihu and  Bello Mohammed Agaie    

Assessment of operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria

May 2020

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Semi structured questionnaires were administered to the workers and also observational studies on facilities and sanitary practices in the abattoir were conducted. The results showed that 75.00% of the abattoir workers were between the ages of 25 to 35 years, with...

Author(s): Gali A. U., Abdullahi H. A, Umaru G. A., Zailani S. A, Adamu S. G., Hamza I. M. and Jibrin M. S.  

Causes of organ condemnations in cattle at slaughter and associated financial losses in Siaya County, Kenya

May 2020

Cattle production is an important economic activity worldwide. Its potential, however, is not fully maximized owing to disease conditions, some causing condemnation and wastage of edible organs at slaughter and a threat of zoonoses. This work aimed at establishing definitive causes of organ condemnation and financial losses in cattle from three slaughterhouses (Kaumara, Siaya, and Ugunja) in Siaya County, Kenya, through...

Author(s): A. M. Achollah, D. N. Karanja, C. J. Ng’ang’a and L. C. Bebora  

Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated from poultry in North Central States of Nigeria

April 2020

Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious viral disease constituting a continuous threat to the poultry industry worldwide. This study evaluated the genetic characteristics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) obtained from backyard commercial poultry farms and live bird markets during active and passive surveillance in different regions of Plateau and Nasarawa States of Nigeria between 2009 and 2017. The partial...

Author(s): Helen Owoya Abah, Ismaila Shittu, Paul Ayuba Abdu and Chinwe Justina Aronu  

Identification of small ruminant external parasite species in Tanqua Abergelle and Kola Tembien districts of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia

March 2020

Ectoparasites are a major concern in sheep and goat flocks, wherever sheep and goat are kept. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the districts of Kola Tembien and Tanqua Abergelle from September 2014 to June 2017 with the objectives of identifying external parasites to their species level. Randomly selected sheep and goats were clinically examined for the presence of ectoparasites or lesions and identified in...

Author(s): Guash Abay  

Aerobic bacterial isolates, incidence rate and associated risk factors of heifer and cow mastitis in and around Debre-Libanos district, Oromia, Ethiopia

January 2020

The investigation was led from February-November 2014 longitudinally to recognize aerobic bacterial isolates, estimate incidence rate, identify the associated risk factors and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of heifer and cow mastitis in and around Debre-Libanos district. An aggregate of 31 Jersey and Holstein-Fresian cross heifers that were left for less than a month to calve were sampled and pursued for the initial...

Author(s): Daniel Fisseha, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema and Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu  

Ovopet® a new and effective treatment to decrease inflammation, pain and lameness in competing trotters

January 2020

The use of nutritional supplements for joint problems has received much attention in recent years. At this sight, Ovopet®, an innovative ingredient from eggshell membrane that ensures the supply of nutrients necessary for the repair of joints together with anti-inflammatory compounds of natural origin, appears as a natural alternative supplementation for the treatment of joint problems in horses. Thus the aim of...

Author(s): Erena Gil-Quintana, Andrea Molero and Andrés Aguirre  

African animal trypanosomosis in cattle in Bénin: A review

October 2019

African animal trypanosomosis is a disease transmitted by tsetse flies and tabanid to domestic mammals which seriously affects their health status and considerably reduces their productivity. This study proposes to make a synthesis on the bovine trypanosomosis and the various works undertaken in Benin country from 1960 to 2018. After general information on bovine trypanosomosis, the various vectorial agents responsible...

Author(s): Soha Sèsséya Arnaud Sas, Adjibodé Ayodélé Gabriel, Agbankpé Alidéhou Jerrold, Farougou Souaïbou, Youssao Abdou Karim Issaka, Kpodékon Tchokponhoué Tchégninougbo  Marc and Dougnon Tossou Jacques,  

Development of hormonal profiles of Nubian bucks at puberty in Sudan

October 2019

This study was designed to monitor the development of the hormonal profiles of the Nubian bucks at puberty. Thirty two (32) Nubain male kids between 1 day and 24 weeks having body weights of 2.3 to 13.5 kg were utilized in this study. All kids were injected with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Blood samples were collected from the jugular veins of the animals immediately before hCG injection and 1 h after the...

Author(s): Shaaeldin Sara Abdelrahman, Makawi Sharaf Aldin Abdalla, Tingari Muddathir Darderi and Eltayeb Ahmed Eltyeb Ali  

Assessing the impact of Trypanosoma spp. in cattle and its vector infestation in controlled and uncontrolled Kebeles in Kucha Wereda, Southern Ethiopia

October 2019

This study was undertaken in Kucha Woreda to assess the impact of Trypanosoma spp. on cattle and its vector infestation rate using cross-sectional study design. The study was done from November 2016 to June 2017 on 384 local cattle using buffy coat method and tsetse fly density was seen in intervention area with non-controlled area. The overall infection rate 4.17% (N=16) showed an insignificant (p>0.05) difference...

Author(s): Edget Abayneh and Meseret Tadesse  

Comparison of fluorescence polarization assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the diagnosis of bovine paratuberculosis

August 2019

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map), is the etiological agent of paratuberculosis, a disease that affects cattle and causes economic losses to the animal husbandry industry. Its opportune diagnosis, in herds, is part of the control measures of the disease; therefore, the objective of this work was to compare paratuberculosis detection of infected bovines with the Fluorescence Polarization Assay (FPA)...

Author(s): Raquel Torres-Velez, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Dionisio Cordova-López, Olga Lidia Martinez-Martinez and Claudia Celic Guzmán-Ruiz  

Histology of the midbrain of the grey breasted helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris galeata) at post-hatch

July 2019

The study was carried out to investigate the development of the midbrain in the grey breasted helmeted guinea fowl, Numida meleagris galeata, at post-hatch. Domestication of this species of bird is in an increase, but scanty documentation on the development of midbrain (mesencephalon) and how it relates to the neurobiology of this bird is lacking. In our findings, there was a steady increase in the midbrain mean weights...

Author(s): Wanmi Nathaniel, Usendi Ifukibot Levi, Gosomji Innocent Jonah and Pindar David Bukar  

Characterization of antimicrobial resistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis in Central Ethiopia

July 2019

Staphylococcus aureus is commonly associated with mastitis in dairy herds with potential public health implications. Overall, 303 samples were collected from September 2015 to July 2016 to characterize the phenotypic and genotypic pattern of drug resistance in S. aureus isolated from cases of clinical and sub-clinical bovine mastitis in Central Ethiopia. Milk samples were tested by using California Mastitis Test and...

Author(s): Bezina Arega Emeru, Yohannes Equar Messele,  Desiye Tesfaye Tegegne, Shimels Tikuye Yalew, Shelema Kelbessa Bora, Mossisa Dire Babura, Mergie Taye Beyene and Gebremeskel Mamu Werid  

Occupational hazards associated with human brucellosis in abattoir settings: A case study of Dodoma abattoir in Tanzania

March 2019

Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases posing a serious obstacle to public health, food safety and security and, socio-economic development in most African countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted to establish practices that may pose occupational risks of transmission of brucellosis to people working in abattoirs in Tanzania. A total of 452 serum samples; 190, 200 and 62 from cattle, goats...

Author(s): Denice Luwumba, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Rabies serosurvey of domestic dogs in Kigali City, Rwanda

March 2019

In Rwanda, rabies is a threat to public health and the control is mainly done by vaccinating pet dogs annually. However, it is unknown whether dogs that received rabies vaccination achieved protective antibody levels. This study assessed factors influencing rabies antibody titres in vaccinated and non-vaccinated pet dogs in Kigali City, Rwanda. A questionnaire was used to gather information on 137 study dogs and clotted...

Author(s): Pie Ntampaka, Philip Njeru Nyaga, James Kinuthia Gathumbi and Michael Tukei  

Antibiotic sensitivity and sodium chloride susceptibility patterns of Flavobacterium columnare isolated from clinical columnaris in cultured Clarias gariepinus

March 2019

Antimicrobial resistance is a global concern, especially with the backdrop of the development of possible environmental and public health hazards. Flavobacterium columnare has been observed to be multi-drug resistant but highly susceptible to sodium chloride, hence the need for susceptibility profiling. Therapeutic efficacy of commonly used antibiotics and sodium chloride was tested in-vitro against four isolates of F....

Author(s): Oladosu Gbolahanmi Akinola and Oladosu Oluwatomilola Olakunbi  

Bovine mastitis: Prevalence, Isolation and identification of major bacterial pathogens in selected areas of Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

February 2019

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of mastitis in bovines and to, isolate and identify the major bacterial pathogens of lactating cows in six selected woredas of Bench Maji Zone of Southwestern Ethiopia from June 2017-October 2017. Three hundred eighty four lactating cows were examined for mastitis by combination of udder physical examination, California Mastitis Test and subsequent...

Author(s): Teshome Gemechu, Hasen Awel Yunus, Morga Soma and Amare Beyene  

Atresia ani associated with recto-vaginal fistula in two months old Sudanesse crossbreed lamb

February 2019

A case of atresia ani with recto-vaginal fistula was observed in a two-month old Sudanese crossbred lamb. On physical examination, the abdomen was distended, and there was bulging around the perineal region and severe straining. Upon palpation, the anal ring was felt at the anal area, voiding of feaces and urine from the vaginal opening was seen, while the fistula was felt upon vaginal palpation. Reconstructive...

Author(s): Mana H. P., Z.B Yusuf , Gapsiso R.H, M. A Umar.  

Common health and welfare problems of working donkeys in Addis Ababa and its surrounding area: Retrospective and questionnaire survey

February 2019

A retrospective study was conducted to assess the health and welfare problems of working donkeys at the Merkato Donkey Sanctuary clinic in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data on 12,991 working donkeys from 2008 to 2010 were analyzed from the data record sheet kept by the clinic. Results on the age distribution of donkeys showed that the average age of the donkeys was around nine years old. Only 7.37% of the donkeys were with...

Author(s): Samson Terefe, Asnakech Ashine and Getachew Mulugeta  

Distribution and molecular characterization of avian hepatitis E virus (aHEV) in domestic and wild birds in Burkina Faso

February 2019

Avian hepatitis E virus (aHEV), clinically important in poultry industry, can cause death and reduce egg production of chickens, resulting in significant economic losses in the poultry industry. However, little is known about this aHEV infection in Burkina Faso. This study presents the results of distribution and characterization of aHEV in domestic and wild birds without clinical disease. In total 173 birds liver...

Author(s): Jean B. Ouoba, Kuan A. Traore, Alphonsine K. M’Bengue, Solange Ngazoa, Hortense Rouamba, Moussa Doumbia, Alfred S. Traore, Pierre Roques, and Nicolas Barro  

Comparative cost analysis of three injectable ivermectin preparations in the control of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria

February 2019

The efficacy and comparative cost analysis of three injectable ivermectin preparations was evaluated in West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Three anthelmintics: ivomec classic® (IVC), ivomec super® (IVS) and ivomec gold® (IVG) were administered at a dose rate of 200µg/kg to control gastrointestinal nematodes in three treatment groups comprising five...

Author(s): Mathew Adamu, Paul Amuta, Anthony Ameh and Samuel Ode    

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