Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 415

JVMAH Articles

Survey and dominant pathological conditions of pig farms in the centre region of Burkina Faso

May 2024

The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of the pork sector in Burkina Faso. A survey was conducted among 32 veterinary clinics and practices to determine the primary swine pathologies and the sanitary management of these diseases. Regarding husbandry practices, the study revealed that 43% of surveyed farmers practiced intensive farming, while 53% practiced semi-confinement, and 4% practiced extensive...

Author(s): Kadja Mireille Catherine, Abia Yaogo, Souahibou Sourokou Sabi and Kaboret Yalacé Yamba 

Prevalence and identification of major ixodid ticks of cattle in Guder town, West Shewa, Ethiopia

April 2024

A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2018 to June 2018 to determine the prevalence of tick and the associated risk factors and identify major tick genera infesting cattle in Guder town of the West Shewa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Total 164 cattle under extensive management system purposely from Guder town were selected by systematic random sampling technique and then examined for tick...

Author(s): Abdo Megra and Gashaw Enbiyale  

Evaluation of the coccidiocidal effects of Vernonia amygdalina and Aloe vera aqueous extracts on poultry in Bambili, North West, Cameroon

March 2024

Coccidiosis is a disease transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food or water with sporulated Eimeria oocysts. Bloody diarrhoea is the primary symptom. Farm poultry production systems are recently challenged with the concept of "clean, green, ethical" which promotes limited use of drugs, chemicals and hormones for poultry welfare. Substituting synthetic drugs with plant-based supplements such as...

Author(s): Ebanga Echi Joan Eyong, Itoatim Betsy Endong and Wini Goudoungou  

Helminth parasites transmission between species of ruminants in urban and peri-urban areas of Ada’a district of Central Ethiopia

January 2024

A study on gastrointestinal helminth parasites (GIHPs) in cattle and sheep was conducted from January 2021 to December 2021 in the urban and peri-urban areas of the Ada’a District of Central Ethiopia. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of GIHPs and associated risk factors, and to assess community awareness of anthelmintic treatment practices for the control of parasitic diseases. The methodology comprised of...

Author(s): Gebeyehu Alkadir, Dinka Ayana, Guta Wakjira, and Tesfaye Fatalo

A cross-sectional study on gastrointestinal parasitism in dromedary camel calves in Isiolo County, Kenya

November 2023

A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with gastrointestinal parasitism in dromedary camel calves in Isiolo County, Kenya. Data on farm- and calf- levels were collected through semi-structured questionnaires. The calves were examined, and a faecal sample was collected per rectum for laboratory analysis. The gastrointestinal parasite eggs and oocysts were estimated...

Author(s): Peter Kimeli, George K. Gitau, Davis Z. Ikiror, Willy Mwangi and Moses Gakuru  

Immune regulatory potentials of coconut water and Vitamin C in broiler chicken exposed to varying housing temperature

November 2023

The ambient temperature has been found to affect the performance and immune response of broiler, hence the need for determination of immunoglobulin level routinely to evaluate their state of immunity call for concern. This study determines the effects of housing temperature and coconut water (CW) on serum immuglobulins of broiler chickens. A total of 600 Marshall broiler chickens were used, with 200 birds in different...

Author(s): Abegunde P. T., Oladejo A. O., Abiona J. A., Abioja M. O. and Abdulganiyy S.  

In-vitro efficacy of solanum incanum on Rhipicephalus appendiculatus

October 2023

Herbal remedies have a long history of use for tick control. Solanum incanum ripe fruits are locally used to manage ticks. In this study, the effect of S. incanum fruit extracts on egg hatchability, inhibition of oviposition and larval mortality of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks was investigated. The reproductive efficiency of eggs laid by the ticks was determined. The highest number of eggs laid was recorded in the...

Author(s): Mugumya Obed  

Epidemiology of African Tick-Bite Fever (Rickettsia africae) in Uganda

October 2023

African tick-bite fever is a rickettsial illness that has recently emerged as a significant disease among international travelers. This tick-borne zoonosis is transmitted by Amblyomma ticks, which is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the eastern Caribbean. Uganda is a major tourism destination with plenty of natural environments visited by tourists. In addition to tourists, the Ugandan population could also be...

Author(s): Jesca Nakayima and Celsus Sente  

Presence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, in goat’s milk, natural rennet and fresh cheese from San Luis Potosi, Mexico

September 2023

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) is the etiological agent of paratuberculosis, which is one of the chronic diseases that cause financial losses in livestock production. Map can be present in cheese and other dairy products, especially those made with unpasteurized milk. Contamination of the food supply chain exposes humans to the bacteria, making the disease an important zoonosis of public health...

Author(s): Santillán-Flores Marco Antonio, Hernández-Andrade Laura, Blanco- De Brito Leticia, Blanco-Ochoa Miguel Angel, and Córdova- López Dionicio  

Prevalence, risk factors, and molecular identity of Giardia infections in dogs in Nairobi County, Kenya

August 2023

Giardia duodenalis is an emerging zoonotic protozoan parasite that is significantly affecting the health and welfare of dogs in Nairobi County, Kenya. There is limited data on canine giardiasis in Kenya. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence, risk factors and molecular identity of G. duodenalis infections in dogs in Nairobi County, Kenya. Four hundred fecal samples were collected from...

Author(s): Hellen Njeri Maingi, Willy Edwin Mwangi, James Ng’ang’a Chege, Peter Kimeli, Dennis N, Makau, Maurine Cherotich Chepkwony, Gabriel Oluga Aboge and John B. Kaneene

Knowledge, attitude and practice of observing withdrawal period of veterinary drugs in chicken and eggs by poultry farmers in Zaria

May 2023

The veterinary drug is vital for healthy and quality food-animal production. Their use in poultry production is basically for treatment, prophylaxis and growth promotion. However, cases of misuse of these drugs by the poultry farmers have been reported. This is further worsened by extra-label use and non-observance of withdrawal period, leading to deposition of drug residues in poultry products, thus posing a public...

Author(s): Tijani A. A., Usman A., Sanni K. B., Muhammad H., Ibrahim N. B., Babashani M., Salisu M. D., Badmus K. A. and Shekh MK  

Preliminary study on major causes of carcass condemnation and associated financial losses in chickens slaughtered at a private poultry slaughterhouse in Bishoftu, Ethiopia

April 2023

A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2019 to March 2020 to detect the major causes of carcass condemnation and to estimate the attributed financial loss in chickens slaughtered at a private poultry slaughterhouse in Bishoftu, Ethiopia. The study involves a postmortem (PM) inspection of 400 randomly selected chickens. From a total of 400 chickens subjected to PM examination, 77 (19.25%) of them had...

Author(s): Feyisa Abdi, Tadesse Mare, Abosse Jirata Shiferaw and Yacob Hailu Tolosa

Pathological lesions associated with Cordylobia anthropophaga infestations of dogs in Kitui County, Kenya

March 2023

Myiasis is the infestation of living tissues of human and animals with larvae of flies in the Order Diptera. This study determined the gross and histopathological lesions due to Cordylobia anthropophaga infestations of Dogs in Kitui County, Kenya. Four dogs identified and confirmed to have canine cutaneous myiasis (CCM) infestation were purchased for the study. All the study animals were clinically examined for skin...

Author(s): Kamuti N. Mutinda, Mbuthia P. Gichohi, Waruiru R. Maina, Githigia S. Maina and Keya E. Agosa  

In vitro anthelmintic activity of Leonotis nepetifolia ethanolic and aqueous leaf extracts on Fasciola gigantica

December 2022

Fasciolosis is a major problem to livestock production and is considered an emerging health hazard to humans and other animals. An increase in the prevalence of anthelmintic-resistant helminth strains, drug residues in animal products poses a challenge in the control of the disease necessitating research for alternatives. Here, we investigated the presence of anthelmintic phytochemicals in the aqueous and ethanolic...

Author(s): Francis Ssenkuba, Cleophas Komujuni and Julius Tumusiime,  

Household characteristics influencing management of indigenous chicken: A case study of Machakos and Busia Counties in Kenya

December 2022

The study was conducted in 225 indigenous chicken keeping households between August 2020 and July 2021 in Machakos and Busia Counties. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-economic factors, flock characteristics and management practices from targeted households. Overall, majority of respondents were male (82%) with formal education (87%). Agriculture was the main source of income for most...

Author(s): Irene Ogali, Erick Mungube, Charles Muleke, Jane Githinji, Tessy Achieno, Lilian Mutungi, Celestine Musili, Dennis Odhiambo, Wambongo Bosita and Bockline Bebe  

Evaluation of two Immune-Enzimatic Assays (ELISAs) for detecting Anti-Map anti-bodies in domestic ruminants

November 2022

The objective of the work was to evaluate two ELISA’s for the detection of anti-Map antibodies. 460 serum and fecal samples of bovines (n=267), ovines (n=140), and goats (n=53) were evaluated. Serums were used for detecting anti-Map antibodies using two different ELISAs, one in-house ELISA made with low-molecular weight proteins (<100 kD) from the antigen ultra-filtrate of Map strain 3065, and a commercial...

Author(s): Marco Antonio Santillan-Flores, Dionicio Cordova-Lopez, Marisela Leal- Hernandez, Fernando Ceron-Tellez , Raquel Torres-Velez and Luis Armando Contreras-Mendez  

Correlation between Macruz Index and left atrial enlargement in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease

September 2022

The Macruz Index is a simple electrocardiographic methodology indicated in the evaluation of possible left atrial remodeling in human medicine. In dogs, the main cause of left atrial remodeling is mitral valve myxomatous degeneration, a degenerative valvulopathy with high occurrence in the routine of the veterinary clinic. Thus, the objective was to determine the values of the Macruz Index and correlate them with the...

Author(s): Beatriz Teixeira Martuchi, Daniele Oliveira Machado, Beatriz dos Santos Bueno, Patricia Cincotto dos Santos Bueno, Daniel de Bortoli Teixeira, Carlo Rossi Del Carratore and Rodrigo Prevedello Franco

Interaction in the production of biofilm and drug susceptibility of Candida kefyr with Escherichia coli and Streptococcus dysgalactiae isolated from bovine mastitis

August 2022

Bovine mastitis is a disease with a high economic impact on dairy farms and it has been described that different species of Candida can cause it. The objectives of this study were to evidence the production of biofilm by strains of Candida Kefyr, to carry out a comparative evaluation of its production by tube and plate techniques, to determine its interaction with Escherichia coli and Streptococcus dysgalactiae isolated...

Author(s):  Israel Daniel Ricardo-González, Laura Hernández-Andrade, Ana Lilia Del Monte-Rodríguez, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Miguel Ángel Blanco Ochoa, Luis Octavio Campuzano-Reyes and Alberto Jiménez-Saavedra  

Entomopathogenic fungi (Aspergillus oryzae) as biological control agent of cattle ticks in Tanzania

July 2022

Ticks are the most important ectoparasites that are responsible for severe economic losses in livestock industry. The use of chemical acaricides is the most common method used to control ticks in livestock. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of Aspergillus oryzae as an alternative biological agent in controlling ticks to enhance livestock productivity. The efficacy of A. oryzae at different...

Author(s): Sylvia S. Msangi, Never Zekeya, Esther G. Kimaro, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Comparison of contrast radiography and ultrasonography in diagnosing gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits

June 2022

Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction in rabbits is common due to the peculiarities of their gastrointestinal tract.  This condition usually has an acute progression before the rabbit succumbs or recovers. Due to the acute nature of gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits, early detection is important. Contrast radiography and ultrasonography are two non-invasive imaging procedures that can be used to detect underlying...

Author(s): Olatunji-Akioye A. O., Akinbobola B. and Oni Z. O.  

Brucellosis infection dynamics in cattle and the impacts on production and reproduction in pastoral settings of Tanzania

March 2022

Brucellosis is endemic in pastoral settings of Tanzania with significant socio-economic implications. However, comprehensive studies to establish its impacts had not been elucidated. A longitudinal study was conducted in order to elucidate the dynamics and its impact on production and reproduction. Initially, 464 animals were enrolled with baseline seroprevalence in each herd. Animals were bled every three months to...

Author(s): Gabriel M. Shirima  

Cardiopulmonary and stress responses of xylazine, acepromazine or midazolam sedated West African dwarf goats to different body positioning

March 2022

West African Dwarf (WAD) goats are important source of animal protein, ubiquitous in rural Nigerian households and undergo necessary surgical procedures. Induction of general anaesthesia in goats is associated with resultant severe systemic side effects due to position-induced stress. This study investigated cardiopulmonary and stress responses of WAD goats to three sedatives in different body positioning. Six adult WAD...

Author(s): Foluso Bolawaye Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

Growth performance and rumen fermentation characteristics of West African Dwarf bucks fed dietary Cochlospermum planchonii rhizome

February 2022

A study was conducted to investigate the optimum inclusion level of Cochlospermum planchonii in diets of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Twenty five (25) WAD bucks aged 6 to 8 months and assigned to five treatments (T1- T5) of five goats each were used. Goats in T1 were given normal diet and served as the control, while those in T2, T3, T4 and T5 were respectively given diets with inclusion levels of 5, 10, 20 and 40%...

Author(s): Lins Iorundu Mhomga, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu and Benjamin Nwabueze Marire  

Breeding soundness of semen producing bulls, their semen quality and inter relationship of functional tests with spermatozoa motility percentage

January 2022

This work was conducted to study the breeding soundness of semen producing bulls, their semen quality to functional tests and the inter relationship of these functional tests with spermatozoa motility percentage for the semen produced at National Animal Genetic Improvement Institute (NAGII). A total of 14 breeding bulls (Boran = 4, Crosses of 75% Holstein Frisian × 25% Boran = 4 and Holstein Frisian = 6) with...

Author(s): Kefelegn Seyoum and Alemayehu Lemma  

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys and Mule's species in Anseba Region, Eritrea

December 2021

Gastrointestinal helminths (GIH) are the commonly diagnosed infections since ponies, donkeys, and horses are hosts to a wide range of helminths. It is the first qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted from February 2 to May 20, 2018, to estimate the prevalence of the major gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys and mules in the Anseba region. For this purpose, 300 donkeys and 30 mules were examined....

Author(s): Bereket H. Imam,  Ayodele O. Oladejo, Simon Measho, Weldu Tesfagaber, Eden Tesfamariam and Ghebremedhin Tsegay  

Effect of silybon 140® on pentobarbitone anaesthesia in dogs exposed to acetaminophen

December 2021

Onset and duration of anaesthesia as well as the changes in vital parameters associated with pentobarbitone-induced anaesthesia in normal dogs administered acetaminophen with and without Silybon 140® were studied. The rectal temperature, heart rates and respiratory rates of dogs before anaesthesia were higher than those after pentobarbitone (35 mg/kg) treatment alone or its combination with acetaminophen or...

Author(s): Nwagbo A. N., Onyeyili P. A., Abenga J. N. and Nwankwo H.C.

Surgical repair of bilateral traumatic lateral patellar luxation associated with injury of medal stifle joint capsule and fascia in a shetland pony

November 2021

An 8-day-old female Shetland pony was referred to the Jeonbuk animal medical center for evaluation of bilateral hindlimb lameness. The foal had been severely lame in the both hind leg since birth. The luxation of the patella was confirmed on physical examinations. During the operation, extensive soft tissue damage and hemorrhage were observed around the medial patellar ligament. Lateral patellar luxation was surgically...

Author(s): Jin-su Kang, Yong-woo Chun, Su-young Heo and Nam-soo Kim  

Using participatory epidemiology tools to determine perceived risk factors for foot-and-mouth disease occurrence in selected sub-counties of Isingiro district in Uganda

October 2021

Preliminary steps of the progressive control pathway for foot-and-mouth disease (PCP-FMD), underscores information on risk areas and risk factors for FMD circulation, as essential in development and implementation of appropriate control and elimination strategies. Isingiro district in Uganda, suffers annual FMD outbreaks despite controls implemented by the Government. Using participatory epidemiology (PE) approaches, we...

Author(s): Kerfua Susan D., Nantima Noelina, Ademun Rose Ayebazibwe Chrisostom, Okuthe Sam, Sserugga Joseph, Ejobi Francis, Atim Stella and Lumu Paul

An evaluation of a pilot herd-health programme for improved health and productivity of smallholder dairy herds in peri-urban Kampala, Uganda

September 2021

A pilot herd-health programme for improved health and productivity of peri-urban dairy herds in Kampala, Uganda was evaluated. A total of 15 herds were enrolled on the program following informed owner consent. Fortnightly, each herd was visited for a general herd evaluation with data captured using standard evaluation form. Following each visit and for every farm, a herd health report was produced with specific...

Author(s): James Okwee-Acai, Immaculate Nabukenya, Samuel G. Okech, Benard Agwai, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Sylvia A. Baluka, Paul Okullo and Robert Tweyongyere

Quantitative analysis of echotexture and testicular biometry in asinines used in animal-drawn vehicles

September 2021

Testicular ultrasound analysis is a non-invasive diagnostic method and an important step in andrological examination, which enables the early assessment of fertility disorders. Given the importance that asinines have for low-income families, and the need for experiments to establish these patterns of andrological evaluation for donkeys, this study aims to quantitatively determine the testicular echogenicity without a...

Author(s): Danillo Brenno de Assis Torres, Antônio Galdino Filho, Danilo Cutrim Bezerra, Dennis Leite dos Santos, Rudson Almeida de Oliveira, Kelvin Ramon da Silva Leitão, Paulo Vitor Silva de Carvalho, Renan Paraguassu de Sá Rodrigues, Flávio Ribeiro Alves and Porfírio Candanedo Guerra

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia: A review

August 2021

The objective of this review is to generate information about the current status of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) which is recognized as highly infectious, and devastating disease of goats for about 140 years. However, current reports indicated that sheep can be affected. CCPP is caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (Mccp) which is severe and dramatic mycoplasmas, challenging to isolate...

Author(s): Dereje Teshome and Teshale Sori

Morphological and molecular diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in chickens

August 2021

Confirmatory diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis is paramount to ensure proper treatment and effective management of the disease in food and companion animals. Suspected invasive aspergilllosis in chickens was encountered at post-mortem. Morphological and molecular methods were employed to identify Aspergillus from samples collected from dead chickens at post-mortem. Morphologically, two species of Aspergillus were...

Author(s): Olusegun Adesina Fagbohun, Gbolahanmi Akinola Oladosu, Rofiat Damilola Adesina

Prevalence of hip dysplasia in domestic shorthair breed of cats in three municipal districts in Accra, Ghana

July 2021

Hip dysplasia in cats appears to have a similar prevalence as that seen in dogs especially with large breeds of cats like the Maine coon. However, cats do not commonly show signs of lameness like dogs do. This study was to determine the prevalence of hip dysplasia in domestic shorthair breed of cats in three municipal districts in Accra, Ghana. Twenty (12 males and 8 females) adult (2.3 ± 0.8 years) shorthair...

Author(s): Zainab Olaitan Oni, Adenike Olatunji-Akioye and Ayodeji Ayotunde Oni

Paratuberculosis epidemiological study (risk factors and prevalence) in ovine livestock production units in the State of Guanajuato, Mexico

July 2021

In order to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with paratuberculosis in ovine livestock production units in Guanajuato, Mexico; a cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out for one year long. Serum samples (n = 1387) were analyzed with an agar gel immunodiffusion test. Bacteriological culture and IS900 nested PCR were done from the fecal samples (n=640). For epidemiological data, two...

Author(s): Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Dionisio Cordova-López and Claudia Celic Guzmán-Ruiz

Seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and brucellosis and their effect on reproductive performance of dairy cattle

May 2021

A total of 332 dairy cow’s sera samples were collected from Kombolcha and Dessie districts of North Ethiopia to determine the sero-prevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), and Brucellosis. Sera samples were split into equal portions and competitive ELISA was used for testing IBR in the first portion while Rose Bengal test (RBT) and Complement Fixation Test (CFT) were used for detection of Brucellosis...

Author(s): Wedajo Muleta Tadeg, Alemayehu Lemma, Tefera Yilma, Hagos Asgedom and Abadi Amare Reda  

Antibody response, viral load, viral clearance and growth rate in Tanzanian free-range local chickens infected with lentogenic Newcastle disease virus

May 2021

This study is aimed at evaluating antibody responses, viral loads, viral clearance and growth rate of Tanzanian free-range local chicken (FRLC) challenged with LaSota strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as indicator traits for selection of chickens for breeding with enhanced resistance to the disease and economic value. Three popular free-range local chicken ecotypes: Kuchi, Ching’wekwe and Morogoro-medium...

Author(s): James Richard Mushi, Gaspar Honorati Chiwanga,, Esther Lemburis Mollel, Muhammed Walugembe, Robert Arsen Max, Peter Makenga Msoffe, Rodrigo Gallardo, Terra Kelly, Susan Lamont, Jack Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, and Amandus Muhairwa,  

Prevalence, effects and alternative control methods of Haemonchus contortus in small ruminants: A review

April 2021

Small ruminants farming is a traditional activity mostly practiced by local populations in developing countries since several centuries. Nowadays, due to many biotic and climatic factors, it faces various problems which damage smallholders’ income especially those related to gastrointestinal parasites. In opposite to the chemical drugs use in controlling those parasites, medicinal plants have been investigated...

Author(s): Julienne KUISEU, Fréjus T. A. ZINSOU, Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Géorcelin G. ALOWANOU, Adam D. ADENILE, Christian C. DANSOU, Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE and Patrick A. EDORH

A cross-sectional evaluation of aflatoxin B1 and M1 contaminations of dairy cattle production in Northern Nigeria

April 2021

In Nigeria, dairy industry holds monumental prospects in the management of protein deficiencies among the timid Nigerian populace. Emergence of metabolic products of some important fungi, Aflatoxins B1 and M1 (AFB1 and AFM1), may hamper such potentials and poses public health threat to the consumers of dairy products. Hence, the need to undertake a study with the view of evaluating AFB1 and AFM1 levels in dairy cattle...

Author(s): Omeiza Gabriel Kehinde, Kabir Junaidu, Kwaga Jacob, Mwanza Mulunda, Nafarnda Wesley Daniel, Enem Simon Ikechukwu, Adamu Andrew, Godwin Enid, Adeiza AbdulRahman, Okoli Chinwe and Kwaja Elisha Zailani  

Bacteriology and cytology of the non-gravid one-humped camel genitalia

April 2021

This study evaluates the cytology and prevalence of bacteria in the genital tract of non-pregnant dromedary camels at the main abattoir of Kano through a cross-sectional design with convenience sampling. Results revealed that Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were isolated with E. coli and S. aureus being the most prevalent....

Author(s): Musa Bello, Halima Aliyu, Muhammad Bashar Usman, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

Bacteriological studies on egg yolk forms and different formulations of yolk-citrate semen extender

March 2021

Using a tabular design, the bacteriological profile of egg yolk forms and different formulations of yolk-citrate semen extenders across different storage periods was examined. Twenty-one eggs less than 24 h old were randomly selected from 3 crates of eggs. The yolks were harvested and divided into two equal parts. One part was centrifuged for 1 h at 3500 revolutions per minute (rpm) to get clarified yolk. The remaining...

Author(s): Eleojo Rose Ugbamaja, Nasiru Abubakar Salisu, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq, Ghali Muhammad and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

Prevalence and risk factors associated with subclinical mastitis in lactating dairy cows under smallholder dairy farming in North East Tanzania

March 2021

A cross-sectional survey was carried out between October 2016 and May 2017 to determine the prevalence of subclinical mastitis (SCM), associated bacterial pathogens and risk factors under smallholdersmall holder dairy farms in North East Tanzania. The study involved 195 cross breed dairy cows from 130 dairy farms. Data were collected based on questionnaire interview, direct observation, screening using California...

Author(s): Damian Kilyenyi, Robinson Mdegela, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis risk factors: Applying Pareto principles to model more efficient control and prevention strategies in Botswana

March 2021

Most available data on Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis risk factors in Botswana neither associate risk factors with Batswana’s lifestyle nor rank risk factors’ contribution to observed prevalence. This disconnect undermines usability of data for bovine cysticercosis control. This study identified bovine cysticercosis risk factors and quantitatively ranked risk factors’ contributions to observed...

Author(s): Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga and Marumo S. Davis  

Peste des Petits Ruminants: Seropositivity and associated risk factors in goats and camel in Dello Mena and Madda Walabu Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

February 2021

Despite its endemicity and economic significance in Ethiopia, there was no sero-surveillance report of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Bale Zone. With this regard the study was conducted in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu districts of Bale zone with the objectives of determining the seroprevalence of PPR and associated risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to May 2017 on weaned goat and...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie, Minda Asfaw and Aynalem Teshome  

Microbiological quality of free-range chicken carcasses from a non-regulated slaughter facility in Kenya

February 2021

This study assessed the microbiological quality of meat from free rage-produced chicken processed in an informal slaughter facility. The total viable counts (TVC), total coliform counts, coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus species, Salmonella species and Campylobacter species were used as indicators. A cross-sectional sampling of chicken carcasses at informal slaughter facility was carried out. Whole...

Author(s): Joseph K. N. Kuria, Esther W. Ngethe and Lucy W. Kabuage  

Comparison of Montanideâ„¢ GEL 01 and oily MontanideTM ISA 50 in presenting a peptide to the immune system of dogs

February 2021

Traditional vaccines based on killed or attenuated microorganisms or inactivated toxins have disadvantages associated with the risks of pathogenicity reversion, contamination with infectious material, variations between vaccine batches, storage problems, among others. Peptide identification containing important epitopes within antigens could be an attractive possibility to avoid those risks. However, in general,...

Author(s): Pedro Enrique Encinosa Guzmán, Anayram Perera Martin, Yamil Bello Soto, Frank Luis Ledesma Bravo, William Fernández Herrera, Carlos Pérez Heredia, Llilian Gómez Pérez, Nemecio González, Mario Pablo Estrada and Alina Rodríguez-Mallon  

The trend of aetiologies of chronic emaciation in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis

January 2021

Chronic emaciation reflects the severity and duration of the aetiologies associated with a disease condition. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the trend and most significant causes of chronic emaciation and cachexia in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis and to evaluate the clinico-pathologic findings. The study was a prospective one. In this particular study, causative factors of chronic...

Author(s): Simon Akhaine , Jeremiah Olalekan Taiwo and Ameen Saliu Akanni  

Antiviral activities of ellagitannins against bovine herpesvirus-1, suid alphaherpesvirus-1 and caprine herpesvirus-1

October 2020

In vitro antiviral activity of three ellagitannins - castalagin, vescalagin and grandinin was investigated against replication of three of the most common herpes viruses infecting animals, namely bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), suid alphaherpesvirus-1 (SuHV-1), and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1). The cytopathic effect inhibition test via the neutral red uptake assay in Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cell culture was...

Author(s): Neli Vilhelmova-Ilieva, Ivo Sirakov, Remi Jacquet, Stephane Quideau and Angel S. Galabov  

Occurrence and characterization of Salmonella isolates in raw eggs from quail and chicken in selected poultry farms in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

September 2020

The study was carried out in three Local Government Areas: Jos North, Jos South and Jos East. For each egg type, twelve (12) samples each were collected from five (5) farms. A total of 360 samples were randomly collected consisting of equal number of quail and chicken eggs (180 each). A well-structured questionnaire was used to help analyze the results.  Samples were examined for the presence of Salmonella isolates...

Author(s): Olabode Victoria Bose, Barde Israel Joshua, Shekaro Audu, Benson Mercy Namang, Idachaba Stella Ejura, Oguche Moses Ojonugwa, Agada Godwin Ojonugwa and  Dashe Yakubu Gunya  

Sero-prevalence and risk factors of African Horse Sickness among donkeys in a highland area of Kenya

September 2020

A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for African Horse Sickness (AHS) in donkeys in the highland area of Kiambu County, Kenya. Data on the risk factors was collected using semi-structured questionnaires administered to 146 donkey owners while blood samples collected from 398 donkeys both during the rainy and dry seasons. Antibodies against AHS were detected using competitive antibody Enzyme...

Author(s): Mary Gichure, Philip Kitala, David Kihurani, John Mande and Njenga Munene  

Appraisal of management and biosecurity practices on pig farms in Makurdi, Benue State, North Central Nigeria

August 2020

The role of biosecurity at farm level is to reduce the risk of introduction of diseases in pig farms and prevent the disease transmission between animals on farms. It is an important management practice that impacts the profitability of pig production ventures. A survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity practices in 50 farms in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria, using a structured questionnaire and assessments through...

Author(s): Leo Daniel Ojabo and Moses Ukwu Enya  

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