Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 399

JVMAH Articles

Correlation between Macruz Index and left atrial enlargement in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease

September 2022

The Macruz Index is a simple electrocardiographic methodology indicated in the evaluation of possible left atrial remodeling in human medicine. In dogs, the main cause of left atrial remodeling is mitral valve myxomatous degeneration, a degenerative valvulopathy with high occurrence in the routine of the veterinary clinic. Thus, the objective was to determine the values of the Macruz Index and correlate them with the...

Author(s): Beatriz Teixeira Martuchi, Daniele Oliveira Machado, Beatriz dos Santos Bueno, Patricia Cincotto dos Santos Bueno, Daniel de Bortoli Teixeira, Carlo Rossi Del Carratore and Rodrigo Prevedello Franco

Interaction in the production of biofilm and drug susceptibility of Candida kefyr with Escherichia coli and Streptococcus dysgalactiae isolated from bovine mastitis

August 2022

Bovine mastitis is a disease with a high economic impact on dairy farms and it has been described that different species of Candida can cause it. The objectives of this study were to evidence the production of biofilm by strains of Candida Kefyr, to carry out a comparative evaluation of its production by tube and plate techniques, to determine its interaction with Escherichia coli and Streptococcus dysgalactiae isolated...

Author(s):  Israel Daniel Ricardo-González, Laura Hernández-Andrade, Ana Lilia Del Monte-Rodríguez, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Miguel Ángel Blanco Ochoa, Luis Octavio Campuzano-Reyes and Alberto Jiménez-Saavedra  

Entomopathogenic fungi (Aspergillus oryzae) as biological control agent of cattle ticks in Tanzania

July 2022

Ticks are the most important ectoparasites that are responsible for severe economic losses in livestock industry. The use of chemical acaricides is the most common method used to control ticks in livestock. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of Aspergillus oryzae as an alternative biological agent in controlling ticks to enhance livestock productivity. The efficacy of A. oryzae at different...

Author(s): Sylvia S. Msangi, Never Zekeya, Esther G. Kimaro, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Comparison of contrast radiography and ultrasonography in diagnosing gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits

June 2022

Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction in rabbits is common due to the peculiarities of their gastrointestinal tract.  This condition usually has an acute progression before the rabbit succumbs or recovers. Due to the acute nature of gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits, early detection is important. Contrast radiography and ultrasonography are two non-invasive imaging procedures that can be used to detect underlying...

Author(s): Olatunji-Akioye A. O., Akinbobola B. and Oni Z. O.  

Brucellosis infection dynamics in cattle and the impacts on production and reproduction in pastoral settings of Tanzania

March 2022

Brucellosis is endemic in pastoral settings of Tanzania with significant socio-economic implications. However, comprehensive studies to establish its impacts had not been elucidated. A longitudinal study was conducted in order to elucidate the dynamics and its impact on production and reproduction. Initially, 464 animals were enrolled with baseline seroprevalence in each herd. Animals were bled every three months to...

Author(s): Gabriel M. Shirima  

Cardiopulmonary and stress responses of xylazine, acepromazine or midazolam sedated West African dwarf goats to different body positioning

March 2022

West African Dwarf (WAD) goats are important source of animal protein, ubiquitous in rural Nigerian households and undergo necessary surgical procedures. Induction of general anaesthesia in goats is associated with resultant severe systemic side effects due to position-induced stress. This study investigated cardiopulmonary and stress responses of WAD goats to three sedatives in different body positioning. Six adult WAD...

Author(s): Foluso Bolawaye Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

Growth performance and rumen fermentation characteristics of West African Dwarf bucks fed dietary Cochlospermum planchonii rhizome

February 2022

A study was conducted to investigate the optimum inclusion level of Cochlospermum planchonii in diets of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Twenty five (25) WAD bucks aged 6 to 8 months and assigned to five treatments (T1- T5) of five goats each were used. Goats in T1 were given normal diet and served as the control, while those in T2, T3, T4 and T5 were respectively given diets with inclusion levels of 5, 10, 20 and 40%...

Author(s): Lins Iorundu Mhomga, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu and Benjamin Nwabueze Marire  

Breeding soundness of semen producing bulls, their semen quality and inter relationship of functional tests with spermatozoa motility percentage

January 2022

This work was conducted to study the breeding soundness of semen producing bulls, their semen quality to functional tests and the inter relationship of these functional tests with spermatozoa motility percentage for the semen produced at National Animal Genetic Improvement Institute (NAGII). A total of 14 breeding bulls (Boran = 4, Crosses of 75% Holstein Frisian × 25% Boran = 4 and Holstein Frisian = 6) with...

Author(s): Kefelegn Seyoum and Alemayehu Lemma  

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys and Mule's species in Anseba Region, Eritrea

December 2021

Gastrointestinal helminths (GIH) are the commonly diagnosed infections since ponies, donkeys, and horses are hosts to a wide range of helminths. It is the first qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted from February 2 to May 20, 2018, to estimate the prevalence of the major gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys and mules in the Anseba region. For this purpose, 300 donkeys and 30 mules were examined....

Author(s): Bereket H. Imam,  Ayodele O. Oladejo, Simon Measho, Weldu Tesfagaber, Eden Tesfamariam and Ghebremedhin Tsegay  

Effect of silybon 140® on pentobarbitone anaesthesia in dogs exposed to acetaminophen

December 2021

Onset and duration of anaesthesia as well as the changes in vital parameters associated with pentobarbitone-induced anaesthesia in normal dogs administered acetaminophen with and without Silybon 140® were studied. The rectal temperature, heart rates and respiratory rates of dogs before anaesthesia were higher than those after pentobarbitone (35 mg/kg) treatment alone or its combination with acetaminophen or...

Author(s): Nwagbo A. N., Onyeyili P. A., Abenga J. N. and Nwankwo H.C.

Surgical repair of bilateral traumatic lateral patellar luxation associated with injury of medal stifle joint capsule and fascia in a shetland pony

November 2021

An 8-day-old female Shetland pony was referred to the Jeonbuk animal medical center for evaluation of bilateral hindlimb lameness. The foal had been severely lame in the both hind leg since birth. The luxation of the patella was confirmed on physical examinations. During the operation, extensive soft tissue damage and hemorrhage were observed around the medial patellar ligament. Lateral patellar luxation was surgically...

Author(s): Jin-su Kang, Yong-woo Chun, Su-young Heo and Nam-soo Kim  

Using participatory epidemiology tools to determine perceived risk factors for foot-and-mouth disease occurrence in selected sub-counties of Isingiro district in Uganda

October 2021

Preliminary steps of the progressive control pathway for foot-and-mouth disease (PCP-FMD), underscores information on risk areas and risk factors for FMD circulation, as essential in development and implementation of appropriate control and elimination strategies. Isingiro district in Uganda, suffers annual FMD outbreaks despite controls implemented by the Government. Using participatory epidemiology (PE) approaches, we...

Author(s): Kerfua Susan D., Nantima Noelina, Ademun Rose Ayebazibwe Chrisostom, Okuthe Sam, Sserugga Joseph, Ejobi Francis, Atim Stella and Lumu Paul

An evaluation of a pilot herd-health programme for improved health and productivity of smallholder dairy herds in peri-urban Kampala, Uganda

September 2021

A pilot herd-health programme for improved health and productivity of peri-urban dairy herds in Kampala, Uganda was evaluated. A total of 15 herds were enrolled on the program following informed owner consent. Fortnightly, each herd was visited for a general herd evaluation with data captured using standard evaluation form. Following each visit and for every farm, a herd health report was produced with specific...

Author(s): James Okwee-Acai, Immaculate Nabukenya, Samuel G. Okech, Benard Agwai, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Sylvia A. Baluka, Paul Okullo and Robert Tweyongyere

Quantitative analysis of echotexture and testicular biometry in asinines used in animal-drawn vehicles

September 2021

Testicular ultrasound analysis is a non-invasive diagnostic method and an important step in andrological examination, which enables the early assessment of fertility disorders. Given the importance that asinines have for low-income families, and the need for experiments to establish these patterns of andrological evaluation for donkeys, this study aims to quantitatively determine the testicular echogenicity without a...

Author(s): Danillo Brenno de Assis Torres, Antônio Galdino Filho, Danilo Cutrim Bezerra, Dennis Leite dos Santos, Rudson Almeida de Oliveira, Kelvin Ramon da Silva Leitão, Paulo Vitor Silva de Carvalho, Renan Paraguassu de Sá Rodrigues, Flávio Ribeiro Alves and Porfírio Candanedo Guerra

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia: A review

August 2021

The objective of this review is to generate information about the current status of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) which is recognized as highly infectious, and devastating disease of goats for about 140 years. However, current reports indicated that sheep can be affected. CCPP is caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (Mccp) which is severe and dramatic mycoplasmas, challenging to isolate...

Author(s): Dereje Teshome and Teshale Sori

Morphological and molecular diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in chickens

August 2021

Confirmatory diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis is paramount to ensure proper treatment and effective management of the disease in food and companion animals. Suspected invasive aspergilllosis in chickens was encountered at post-mortem. Morphological and molecular methods were employed to identify Aspergillus from samples collected from dead chickens at post-mortem. Morphologically, two species of Aspergillus were...

Author(s): Olusegun Adesina Fagbohun, Gbolahanmi Akinola Oladosu, Rofiat Damilola Adesina

Prevalence of hip dysplasia in domestic shorthair breed of cats in three municipal districts in Accra, Ghana

July 2021

Hip dysplasia in cats appears to have a similar prevalence as that seen in dogs especially with large breeds of cats like the Maine coon. However, cats do not commonly show signs of lameness like dogs do. This study was to determine the prevalence of hip dysplasia in domestic shorthair breed of cats in three municipal districts in Accra, Ghana. Twenty (12 males and 8 females) adult (2.3 ± 0.8 years) shorthair...

Author(s): Zainab Olaitan Oni, Adenike Olatunji-Akioye and Ayodeji Ayotunde Oni

Paratuberculosis epidemiological study (risk factors and prevalence) in ovine livestock production units in the State of Guanajuato, Mexico

July 2021

In order to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with paratuberculosis in ovine livestock production units in Guanajuato, Mexico; a cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out for one year long. Serum samples (n = 1387) were analyzed with an agar gel immunodiffusion test. Bacteriological culture and IS900 nested PCR were done from the fecal samples (n=640). For epidemiological data, two...

Author(s): Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Dionisio Cordova-López and Claudia Celic Guzmán-Ruiz

Seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and brucellosis and their effect on reproductive performance of dairy cattle

May 2021

A total of 332 dairy cow’s sera samples were collected from Kombolcha and Dessie districts of North Ethiopia to determine the sero-prevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), and Brucellosis. Sera samples were split into equal portions and competitive ELISA was used for testing IBR in the first portion while Rose Bengal test (RBT) and Complement Fixation Test (CFT) were used for detection of Brucellosis...

Author(s): Wedajo Muleta Tadeg, Alemayehu Lemma, Tefera Yilma, Hagos Asgedom and Abadi Amare Reda  

Antibody response, viral load, viral clearance and growth rate in Tanzanian free-range local chickens infected with lentogenic Newcastle disease virus

May 2021

This study is aimed at evaluating antibody responses, viral loads, viral clearance and growth rate of Tanzanian free-range local chicken (FRLC) challenged with LaSota strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as indicator traits for selection of chickens for breeding with enhanced resistance to the disease and economic value. Three popular free-range local chicken ecotypes: Kuchi, Ching’wekwe and Morogoro-medium...

Author(s): James Richard Mushi, Gaspar Honorati Chiwanga,, Esther Lemburis Mollel, Muhammed Walugembe, Robert Arsen Max, Peter Makenga Msoffe, Rodrigo Gallardo, Terra Kelly, Susan Lamont, Jack Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, and Amandus Muhairwa,  

Prevalence, effects and alternative control methods of Haemonchus contortus in small ruminants: A review

April 2021

Small ruminants farming is a traditional activity mostly practiced by local populations in developing countries since several centuries. Nowadays, due to many biotic and climatic factors, it faces various problems which damage smallholders’ income especially those related to gastrointestinal parasites. In opposite to the chemical drugs use in controlling those parasites, medicinal plants have been investigated...

Author(s): Julienne KUISEU, Fréjus T. A. ZINSOU, Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Géorcelin G. ALOWANOU, Adam D. ADENILE, Christian C. DANSOU, Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE and Patrick A. EDORH

Bacteriology and cytology of the non-gravid one-humped camel genitalia

April 2021

This study evaluates the cytology and prevalence of bacteria in the genital tract of non-pregnant dromedary camels at the main abattoir of Kano through a cross-sectional design with convenience sampling. Results revealed that Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were isolated with E. coli and S. aureus being the most prevalent....

Author(s): Musa Bello, Halima Aliyu, Muhammad Bashar Usman, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

A cross-sectional evaluation of aflatoxin B1 and M1 contaminations of dairy cattle production in Northern Nigeria

April 2021

In Nigeria, dairy industry holds monumental prospects in the management of protein deficiencies among the timid Nigerian populace. Emergence of metabolic products of some important fungi, Aflatoxins B1 and M1 (AFB1 and AFM1), may hamper such potentials and poses public health threat to the consumers of dairy products. Hence, the need to undertake a study with the view of evaluating AFB1 and AFM1 levels in dairy cattle...

Author(s): Omeiza Gabriel Kehinde, Kabir Junaidu, Kwaga Jacob, Mwanza Mulunda, Nafarnda Wesley Daniel, Enem Simon Ikechukwu, Adamu Andrew, Godwin Enid, Adeiza AbdulRahman, Okoli Chinwe and Kwaja Elisha Zailani  

Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis risk factors: Applying Pareto principles to model more efficient control and prevention strategies in Botswana

March 2021

Most available data on Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis risk factors in Botswana neither associate risk factors with Batswana’s lifestyle nor rank risk factors’ contribution to observed prevalence. This disconnect undermines usability of data for bovine cysticercosis control. This study identified bovine cysticercosis risk factors and quantitatively ranked risk factors’ contributions to observed...

Author(s): Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga and Marumo S. Davis  

Bacteriological studies on egg yolk forms and different formulations of yolk-citrate semen extender

March 2021

Using a tabular design, the bacteriological profile of egg yolk forms and different formulations of yolk-citrate semen extenders across different storage periods was examined. Twenty-one eggs less than 24 h old were randomly selected from 3 crates of eggs. The yolks were harvested and divided into two equal parts. One part was centrifuged for 1 h at 3500 revolutions per minute (rpm) to get clarified yolk. The remaining...

Author(s): Eleojo Rose Ugbamaja, Nasiru Abubakar Salisu, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq, Ghali Muhammad and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

Prevalence and risk factors associated with subclinical mastitis in lactating dairy cows under smallholder dairy farming in North East Tanzania

March 2021

A cross-sectional survey was carried out between October 2016 and May 2017 to determine the prevalence of subclinical mastitis (SCM), associated bacterial pathogens and risk factors under smallholdersmall holder dairy farms in North East Tanzania. The study involved 195 cross breed dairy cows from 130 dairy farms. Data were collected based on questionnaire interview, direct observation, screening using California...

Author(s): Damian Kilyenyi, Robinson Mdegela, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Comparison of Montanideâ„¢ GEL 01 and oily MontanideTM ISA 50 in presenting a peptide to the immune system of dogs

February 2021

Traditional vaccines based on killed or attenuated microorganisms or inactivated toxins have disadvantages associated with the risks of pathogenicity reversion, contamination with infectious material, variations between vaccine batches, storage problems, among others. Peptide identification containing important epitopes within antigens could be an attractive possibility to avoid those risks. However, in general,...

Author(s): Pedro Enrique Encinosa Guzmán, Anayram Perera Martin, Yamil Bello Soto, Frank Luis Ledesma Bravo, William Fernández Herrera, Carlos Pérez Heredia, Llilian Gómez Pérez, Nemecio González, Mario Pablo Estrada and Alina Rodríguez-Mallon  

Microbiological quality of free-range chicken carcasses from a non-regulated slaughter facility in Kenya

February 2021

This study assessed the microbiological quality of meat from free rage-produced chicken processed in an informal slaughter facility. The total viable counts (TVC), total coliform counts, coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus species, Salmonella species and Campylobacter species were used as indicators. A cross-sectional sampling of chicken carcasses at informal slaughter facility was carried out. Whole...

Author(s): Joseph K. N. Kuria, Esther W. Ngethe and Lucy W. Kabuage  

Peste des Petits Ruminants: Seropositivity and associated risk factors in goats and camel in Dello Mena and Madda Walabu Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

February 2021

Despite its endemicity and economic significance in Ethiopia, there was no sero-surveillance report of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Bale Zone. With this regard the study was conducted in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu districts of Bale zone with the objectives of determining the seroprevalence of PPR and associated risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to May 2017 on weaned goat and...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie, Minda Asfaw and Aynalem Teshome  

The trend of aetiologies of chronic emaciation in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis

January 2021

Chronic emaciation reflects the severity and duration of the aetiologies associated with a disease condition. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the trend and most significant causes of chronic emaciation and cachexia in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis and to evaluate the clinico-pathologic findings. The study was a prospective one. In this particular study, causative factors of chronic...

Author(s): Simon Akhaine , Jeremiah Olalekan Taiwo and Ameen Saliu Akanni  

Antiviral activities of ellagitannins against bovine herpesvirus-1, suid alphaherpesvirus-1 and caprine herpesvirus-1

October 2020

In vitro antiviral activity of three ellagitannins - castalagin, vescalagin and grandinin was investigated against replication of three of the most common herpes viruses infecting animals, namely bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), suid alphaherpesvirus-1 (SuHV-1), and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1). The cytopathic effect inhibition test via the neutral red uptake assay in Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cell culture was...

Author(s): Neli Vilhelmova-Ilieva, Ivo Sirakov, Remi Jacquet, Stephane Quideau and Angel S. Galabov  

Occurrence and characterization of Salmonella isolates in raw eggs from quail and chicken in selected poultry farms in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

September 2020

The study was carried out in three Local Government Areas: Jos North, Jos South and Jos East. For each egg type, twelve (12) samples each were collected from five (5) farms. A total of 360 samples were randomly collected consisting of equal number of quail and chicken eggs (180 each). A well-structured questionnaire was used to help analyze the results.  Samples were examined for the presence of Salmonella isolates...

Author(s): Olabode Victoria Bose, Barde Israel Joshua, Shekaro Audu, Benson Mercy Namang, Idachaba Stella Ejura, Oguche Moses Ojonugwa, Agada Godwin Ojonugwa and  Dashe Yakubu Gunya  

Sero-prevalence and risk factors of African Horse Sickness among donkeys in a highland area of Kenya

September 2020

A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for African Horse Sickness (AHS) in donkeys in the highland area of Kiambu County, Kenya. Data on the risk factors was collected using semi-structured questionnaires administered to 146 donkey owners while blood samples collected from 398 donkeys both during the rainy and dry seasons. Antibodies against AHS were detected using competitive antibody Enzyme...

Author(s): Mary Gichure, Philip Kitala, David Kihurani, John Mande and Njenga Munene  

Appraisal of management and biosecurity practices on pig farms in Makurdi, Benue State, North Central Nigeria

August 2020

The role of biosecurity at farm level is to reduce the risk of introduction of diseases in pig farms and prevent the disease transmission between animals on farms. It is an important management practice that impacts the profitability of pig production ventures. A survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity practices in 50 farms in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria, using a structured questionnaire and assessments through...

Author(s): Leo Daniel Ojabo and Moses Ukwu Enya  

Serological survey for avian metapneumovirus in commercial chickens from different climatic zones in Nigeria

August 2020

Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is an important poultry pathogen causing an acute highly contagious upper respiratory tract infection in chickens, and could result in swollen head syndrome. The disease causes significant economic losses in turkey and chicken flocks; however, its existence in the Nigerian poultry industry is not well defined. Also, the influence of weather on the prevalence of the disease is unknown. This...

Author(s): A. A. Bakre, O. A. Oladele, D. O. Oluwayelu and O. O. Esan  

Factors influencing survival of BALB/c mice and their effects on immune efficacy in an experiment of hepatitis B immunization

July 2020

There was an accidental death of BALB/c mice in the course of the experiment about hepatitis B immunization. The reasons of the mice breeding failure were analyzed in order to provide some experience for future animal preparation about hepatitis B immunization. Items of all mice including sex, age, dose of hepatitis B vaccine (HepBVac), dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG), immunization route, vaccination schedule...

Author(s): Tao Wei, Ling Li, Weihong Lv, Shanjuan Tan, Fenghai Liu, Jiaru Su, Xiaona Xu and Lei Zhang  

Factors associated with infectious bursal disease vaccination failure in Dar es salaam, Tanzania

July 2020

Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is a viral infection that affects young chicks. The IBD outbreaks in vaccinated chickens are reported in Tanzania frequently. The current study was conducted to find out the possible causes of vaccination failure focusing on knowledge and practices of vaccine sellers and users, the immunogenic potential of currently used vaccine and the phylogenetic relationship between the vaccine and...

Author(s): Rukia Saidi, Gabriel Shirima, Joram Buza and Christopher Kasanga  

Occurrence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. in broiler chicken neck skin from slaughterhouses in Zambia

June 2020

Salmonella is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen and poultry meat is considered as one of its major sources. This study evaluated Salmonella spp. detected in broiler chicken carcasses in Zambia. A total of 440 broiler neck skin samples were collected from 6 slaughter houses along the process line after evisceration and tested for Salmonella spp. Eleven samples (2.5%) were positive for Salmonella spp. The suspected...

Author(s): Maureen Wakwamba Ziba, Benson Bowa, Romina Romantini, Violeta Di Marzio, Cristina Marfoglia, Salvatore Antoci, Geoffrey Muuka, Massimo Scacchia, Mauro Mattioli and Francesco Pomilio  

Evaluation of comparative intradermal tuberculin and interferon gamma release tests for prediction of tuberculous lesion development in slaughtered cattle

June 2020

Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a chronic contagious disease of cattle which has economical, public health and veterinary importance worldwide. So far, test and slaughter is the most feasible method to control the disease but identification of lesions from slaughtered animals does not always coincide with ante-mortem test results. Fifty four animals which were found positive by comparative intradermal tuberculin test...

Author(s): Bezina Arega Emeru, Geberemeskel Mamu Werid and Birhanu Abera  

Clinicians’ perception and assessment of risk factors for surgical site infections in small animal practice in South-West, Nigeria

June 2020

This study evaluated the prevalence of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs), the enhancing risk factors in small animal hospitals and clinics, and clinicians’ perception of SSIs in South-west, Nigeria. Ten years (2007-2017) surgical patients’ case records from four government veterinary hospitals were initially studied. Fifty-seven copies of structured pre-tested questionnaires were further administered to...

Author(s): Eyarefe O. D. and Adeyemi I. M.  

Efficacy of Newcastle disease vaccines and vaccination protocols commonly used in Mali, West Africa

June 2020

Newcastle disease, caused by Avian paramyxovirus -1 (APMV-1), is a devastating disease of poultry that is endemic in many countries worldwide. Several commercial vaccines and protocols are available against the disease and in most cases, they provide good clinical protection. However, despite vaccination, cases of Newcastle disease are often seen in some countries, including Mali in West Africa. Although there is only...

Author(s): Marthin Dakouo, Patricia Gil, Mamadou Fofana, Mamadou Niang, Moussa Kongossia Coulibaly, Kassim Samaké, Abdallah Traoré, Boubacar O. Diallo, Emmanuel Albina, Flabou Bougoudougou, and Renata Servan de Almeida,  

Determination of some heavy metals residues in slaughtered cattle at Sokoto and Gusau modern abattoirs, Nigeria

May 2020

Some heavy metals are classified under environmental pollutant due to their toxic effects on animals, human and plants. These metals are not biodegradable in environment and find their way into the food chain. Concentrations of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr) were determined in some selected organs and tissues (kidney, liver, muscle, hide and blood) of slaughtered cattle at Sokoto and Gusau modern abattoirs...

Author(s): Bala Akawu, Abdulkadir Usman Junaidu, Mohammed Danlami Salihu and  Bello Mohammed Agaie    

Assessment of operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria

May 2020

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Semi structured questionnaires were administered to the workers and also observational studies on facilities and sanitary practices in the abattoir were conducted. The results showed that 75.00% of the abattoir workers were between the ages of 25 to 35 years, with...

Author(s): Gali A. U., Abdullahi H. A, Umaru G. A., Zailani S. A, Adamu S. G., Hamza I. M. and Jibrin M. S.  

Causes of organ condemnations in cattle at slaughter and associated financial losses in Siaya County, Kenya

May 2020

Cattle production is an important economic activity worldwide. Its potential, however, is not fully maximized owing to disease conditions, some causing condemnation and wastage of edible organs at slaughter and a threat of zoonoses. This work aimed at establishing definitive causes of organ condemnation and financial losses in cattle from three slaughterhouses (Kaumara, Siaya, and Ugunja) in Siaya County, Kenya, through...

Author(s): A. M. Achollah, D. N. Karanja, C. J. Ng’ang’a and L. C. Bebora  

Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated from poultry in North Central States of Nigeria

April 2020

Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious viral disease constituting a continuous threat to the poultry industry worldwide. This study evaluated the genetic characteristics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) obtained from backyard commercial poultry farms and live bird markets during active and passive surveillance in different regions of Plateau and Nasarawa States of Nigeria between 2009 and 2017. The partial...

Author(s): Helen Owoya Abah, Ismaila Shittu, Paul Ayuba Abdu and Chinwe Justina Aronu  

Identification of small ruminant external parasite species in Tanqua Abergelle and Kola Tembien districts of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia

March 2020

Ectoparasites are a major concern in sheep and goat flocks, wherever sheep and goat are kept. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the districts of Kola Tembien and Tanqua Abergelle from September 2014 to June 2017 with the objectives of identifying external parasites to their species level. Randomly selected sheep and goats were clinically examined for the presence of ectoparasites or lesions and identified in...

Author(s): Guash Abay  

Aerobic bacterial isolates, incidence rate and associated risk factors of heifer and cow mastitis in and around Debre-Libanos district, Oromia, Ethiopia

January 2020

The investigation was led from February-November 2014 longitudinally to recognize aerobic bacterial isolates, estimate incidence rate, identify the associated risk factors and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of heifer and cow mastitis in and around Debre-Libanos district. An aggregate of 31 Jersey and Holstein-Fresian cross heifers that were left for less than a month to calve were sampled and pursued for the initial...

Author(s): Daniel Fisseha, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema and Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu  

Ovopet® a new and effective treatment to decrease inflammation, pain and lameness in competing trotters

January 2020

The use of nutritional supplements for joint problems has received much attention in recent years. At this sight, Ovopet®, an innovative ingredient from eggshell membrane that ensures the supply of nutrients necessary for the repair of joints together with anti-inflammatory compounds of natural origin, appears as a natural alternative supplementation for the treatment of joint problems in horses. Thus the aim of...

Author(s): Erena Gil-Quintana, Andrea Molero and Andrés Aguirre  

Assessing the impact of Trypanosoma spp. in cattle and its vector infestation in controlled and uncontrolled Kebeles in Kucha Wereda, Southern Ethiopia

October 2019

This study was undertaken in Kucha Woreda to assess the impact of Trypanosoma spp. on cattle and its vector infestation rate using cross-sectional study design. The study was done from November 2016 to June 2017 on 384 local cattle using buffy coat method and tsetse fly density was seen in intervention area with non-controlled area. The overall infection rate 4.17% (N=16) showed an insignificant (p>0.05) difference...

Author(s): Edget Abayneh and Meseret Tadesse  

Development of hormonal profiles of Nubian bucks at puberty in Sudan

October 2019

This study was designed to monitor the development of the hormonal profiles of the Nubian bucks at puberty. Thirty two (32) Nubain male kids between 1 day and 24 weeks having body weights of 2.3 to 13.5 kg were utilized in this study. All kids were injected with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Blood samples were collected from the jugular veins of the animals immediately before hCG injection and 1 h after the...

Author(s): Shaaeldin Sara Abdelrahman, Makawi Sharaf Aldin Abdalla, Tingari Muddathir Darderi and Eltayeb Ahmed Eltyeb Ali  

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