Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 383

JVMAH Articles

Newcastle disease virus antibody in serum and feather pulp of chickens vaccinated with thermostable vaccine coated on grains and brans in Zaria, Northern Nigeria

October 2017

Thermostable Newcastle disease vaccine virus strain I2 (NDVI2) was investigated for its efficacy as foodborne vaccine using maize, sorghum and their brans as carriers. Immune response to vaccination and resistance to challenge were assessed by haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. After primary and secondary vaccination at three and six weeks of age, sera and feather pulp samples were analyzed to determine the...

Author(s): Helen Owoya Abah, Paul Ayuba Abdu and Jibril Adamu

Performance, immunology and biochemical parameters of Moringa oleifera and/or Cichorium intybus addition to broiler chicken ration

October 2017

This study was aimed to evaluate the influence of Moringa Oleifera and/or Cichorium Intybus powder supplementation on performance, biochemical parameters, immunology and carcass quality of broiler chicks. Two hundred one-day-old chicks (Ross, 308 hybrid) were randomly allotted into four groups. Each group contained 50 chicks with five replicates. Feed was offered ad libitum to all groups. Group C were fed basal control...

Author(s): M. A. Mousa, A. S. Osman and H. A. M. Abdel Hady

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiosis in Gamogoffa Zone, Ouba Debrestahay District, Southern Ethiopia

September 2017

This cross-sectional study was conducted in Ouba Debre-Tsehay District, Gamogoffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia from October 2013 to July 2014 with the objectives of estimating the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and to assess the possible risk factors. Blood samples were collected from 384 randomly selected cattle from purposefully selected peasant associations with consideration of different age groups and both sexes....

Author(s): Migbaru Keffale Bezabih and Mabure Shille Bisho

Seroprevalence of chlamydial abortion and Q fever in ewes aborted in the North-West of Algeria

September 2017

Very little information is available in Algeria on Q fever and chlamydial abortion sheep, two zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii and Chlamydophila abortus and their main reservoirs are domestic ruminants.  This study aimed at investigating the seroprevalence of these two diseases in sheep flocks from six Daïra (Telagh, Tanira, Moulay Slissen, Marhoum, Ras Elma and Merine). A serological survey was conducted...

Author(s): Karim Abdelkadir, Ait Oudia Khatima and Khelef Djamel

Acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African dwarf goats fed dietary aflatoxin

September 2017

A study was carried out on the effect of varied levels of dietary aflatoxin on acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African Dwarf goats. 20 West African Dwarf goats of about 5-6 months old were used for the trial and they were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments containing 0 (control), 50, 100 and 150 µg aflatoxin/kg diet. The animals were housed...

Author(s): Ewuola, E. O. and Bolarinwa, O. A.

A study on the sero epidemiology of African horse sickness in three woredas of Sidama Zone, Hawassa, Ethiopia

September 2017

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the three woredas of Sidama zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region (SNNPRS) with the aim of determining the overall prevalence of African horse sickness (AHS) in equines and the effect of putative risk factors on the prevalence of AHS. A total of 230 equines (66 donkeys, 161 horses and 3 mules) were included. Serological examination was conducted using...

Author(s): Getaw Yeshitila and Dejene Bekele

Prevalence and risk factors associated to skin diseases in small ruminants in Gamo Gofa zone, south-Western Ethiopia

August 2017

A cross-sectional study was employed to estimate the prevalence of skin diseases in small ruminant and risk factors associated to its occurrence in Gamo Gofa zone from July, 2012 to April, 2014. The study areas were clustered into two agro-ecological zones; lowland and highland area. A total of nine hundred (450 sheep and 450 goats) were examined. Detailed physical examinations and systemic examinations, followed by...

Author(s): Bereket Molla, Haba Haile, and Sefinew Alemu

Microbial safety and its public health concern of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. in beef at Dire Dawa administrative city and Haramaya University, Ethiopia

August 2017

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dire Dawa administrative city and Haramaya University (HU) slaughterhouses and retail shops, with the aim to identify E.coli O157:H7and Salmonella, to assess the microbial safety of beef and identify potential contamination risk factors. A total of 320 samples consisting of beef samples and environmental pooled samples examined for the presence of E. coli, E. coli O157:H7and...

Author(s): Abayneh Edget, Daniel Shiferaw and shimelis Mengistu

Composition, prevalence and abundance of Ixodid cattle ticks at Ethio-Kenyan Border, Dillo district of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia

August 2017

Ixodid ticks are common and a major obstacle to development and utilization of animal resource in tropical countries like Ethiopia. Ethiopia shares long international frontiers with adjacent countries, tick dynamics and influx of ticks across the border are major obstacles of tick control and management. Thus, border-oriented epidemiological surveys are of paramount importance to identify a potential port of cross...

Author(s): Golo Dabasa, Wubishet Zewdei, Tadelle Shanko, Kula Jilo, Gete Gurmesa and Garu Lolo

Socio-economic characteristics of dairy production in the selected areas of Ethiopian central highlands

August 2017

A study was carried out to assess dairy production practices in eight selected areas of the Ethiopian central highlands. Overall, 320 smallholder farmers (40 from each of 8 study sites) were randomly selected for individual interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire. Dairying (43%) was reported to be a major source of income for farm household. The major feed sources for dairy cattle includes grazing on natural...

Author(s): Abebe Bereda, Zelalem Yilma, Mitiku Eshetu, Mohammed Yousuf and Getenet Assefa

Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and financial losses of bovine Fasciolosis in Arba Minch Municipal Abattoir, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

August 2017

A cross sectional study on bovine fasciolosis was carried out from October 2009 to April 2010 at Arba Minch Municipal abattoir with the aim of determining the prevalence and estimating financial loss. Out of the total 600 cattle examined during the study period, 203 were positive for Fasciola spp. infection with the prevalence rate of 33.83%. Fasciola gigantica was found to be the predominant Fasciola species affecting...

Author(s): Mandefrot Meaza, Abayneh Keda, Biresaw Serda and Mishamo Sulayman

Bacterial pathogens of pigs with particular reference to Escherichia coli: A systematic review and meta-analysis

July 2017

Pigs are ungulate animals of the genus Suis and family Suidae. They are globally spread but restricted in certain countries due to religious and cultural beliefs. Pork serves as an important source of protein (38% of meat consumed in the world). While pig production remains a profitable enterprise, commercial and particularly the small-scale farmers face huge constraint in this husbandry practice, one of the most...

Author(s): Rukayya Hussain Abubakar, Evelyn Madoroba, Olubukola Adenubi, Darshana Morar-Leather and Folorunso O. Fasina,

Sperm storage capacity and total protein concentration in the testes of bucks in the native tropical environment

July 2017

Comparison was made for sperm storage capacity and total protein concentration in the testes of postpubertal West African Dwarf (WAD) and Sokoto Red (SR) bucks, this was determined using 12 postpubertal bucks. The average weight of the breeds was 7.50 ± 0.35 kg for the WAD and 11.00 ± 0.71 kg for the SR bucks. All the animals were slaughtered and their testes excised. Portions of the reproductive tracts...

Author(s): Osayande, U. D., Bitto, I. I., Okewale, S. A. and Idahor, K. O.

Semen characteristics and fertility assessment of Sennar jackass (Equus asinus) in Ethiopia

July 2017

The aim of this study was to evaluate the semen characteristics and fertility of Sennar jacks. Semen was collected between January and March using Missouri AV model and was subjected to gross and microscopic evaluation. Fertility was evaluated from pregnancy rate after AI was carried out with fresh semen on 12 Abyssinian jennies, 5 Sennar jennies and 17 local mares. Mean (±SD) total and gel-free volume; and...

Author(s): Alemayehu Lemma

Sonographic evidence of follicle development in a fixed time AI synchronization protocol involving ovatide in Bunaji cows

July 2017

An investigation was done to observe follicle development and ovulation by ultrasound in a synchronization protocol in Bunaji cows using ovatide. Cows (n=16), aged 4 to 6 years with average body condition scores of 2.5 to 3.5 and weighing between 250 and 350 kg were used. They were managed according to the routine management practice of the Diary Research Programme NAPRI. Only cycling cows at 75 days post-partum with...

Author(s): Ubah Simon Azubuike, Rekwot Peter Ibrahim, Adewuyi Abdulmujeeb Bode, Ababa James Andrew and Mustapha RashidahAbimbola

Serological prevalence of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi in camels and donkeys from Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda

June 2017

Equine piroplasmosis is a severe disease of horses caused by the intra-erythrocyte protozoan, Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. T. equi and B. caballi infections were assessed in serum from camels and donkeys using competitive- enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) assay. A total 110 animals were studied including 25 donkeys and 85 camels from two districts viz. Moroto and Amudat in Karamoja sub-region,...

Author(s): Jesca Nakayima, Mary L. Nanfuka, Daniel Aleper and Duke Okidi

Study on prevalence of ovine lungworm in Guna District, Arsi Zone, South East Ethiopia

June 2017

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Guna district, Arsi zone, South East Ethiopia, from November, 2013 to March, 2014 to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors and identification of species of ovine lungworm by using coproscopic examination and questionnaire survey. A total 384 faecal samples from randomly selected sheep of different age groups, body conditions, sexes and PAs with various altitudes. The...

Author(s): Aliy Beshir, Birhanu Abera, Eyob Eticha and Diriba Lemma

Prevalence and economic significance of bovine hydatidosis at Adama Municipal Abattoir, Adama, Ethiopia

June 2017

A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence and economic significance of bovine hydatidosis at Adama municipal abattoir. A total of 500 cattle were examined and 191 (38.2%) of them were found infected. Also, 253 visceral organs were found harboring one or more hydatid cyst. Prevalence of lung and liver cyst accounted for 94.5% and the involvement of other organs as many as 20 cysts were recovered from...

Author(s): Muhammadhussien Aman, Diriba Lemma, Birhanu Abera and Eyob Eticha

Incidence and economic impact of fasciolosis in Wolkite town, Community Abattoir

June 2017

The study was conducted to explore the incidence and economic loss related with fasciolosis in cattle at Wolkite town, Community Abattoir, Wolkite, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from February, 2016 - May, 2016 on bovine fasciolosis in Wolkite town, Community Abattoir. From a total of 392 cattle inspected coprologically 41.8% (164) were found positive for fasciolosis. The occurrence of cattle...

Author(s): Tesfaye Wolde and Tigist Tamiru

Observations of oxytetracycline treatment effects in a contagious bovine pleuropneumonia naturally infected herd in Zambia

June 2017

An observational study on the effects of oxytetracycline treatment on contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in a naturally infected herd of 500 cattle was conducted. A total of 68 cattle that showed pneumonia-like clinical signs were treated. Treatment was effected the moment an animal showed signs of illness. A total of 429 cattle were slaughtered after diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and at slaughter, 40.8%...

Author(s): Geoffrey Munkombwe Muuka, Ana Songolo, Swithine Kabilika, Harvey Sikwese, Benson Bowa and Obrien Kabunda

Prevalence and the associated risk factors of bovine trypanosomiasis in nyangatom pastoral woreda, Southern Nation and Nationalities People Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia

June 2017

A cross-sectional study was carried out in Nyangatom wereda of South Omo zone, Southern Nation and Nationalities People Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia with the general objectives to find out the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and the risk factors associated with its prevalence from January to June 2015. To identify the protozoa blood samples (n =384) collected from the marginal ear vein of indigenous zebu cattle of more...

Author(s): Sisay Tadele Kassa and Seblewongel Ayichew Megerssa

Prevalence of bovine brucellosis, tuberculosis and dermatophilosis among cattle from Benin’s main dairy basins

May 2017

In order to determine the prevalence of bovine brucellosis, tuberculosis and dermatophilosis, a study was carried out in main dairy areas of Benin from April to September 2015. For brucellosis, 780 sera and 78 milk samples were analyzed by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA). For tuberculosis, 780 cattle underwent a comparative intradermal tuberculin test and 78 milk samples were used for...

Author(s): Nestor Dénakpo Noudèkè, Gérard Dossou-Gbété, Charles Pomalégni, Serge Mensah, Luc Gilbert Aplogan, Germain Atchadé, Jacques Dougnon, Issaka Youssao, Guy Apollinaire Mensah and Souaïbou Farougou

Bovine dermatophytosis in Holeta agricultural research center, Ethiopia

May 2017

A cross sectional study was conducted at Holeta agricultural research center to determine the prevalence of dermatophytosis. The overall prevalence of dermatophytosis in a total of 384 animals was 167 (43.49%), as determined by using direct microscopic examination and culture isolation. There was difference in dermatophytosis infection rates among the cattle breeds examined, the highest being 86.49% in 25% Boran (BO) X...

Author(s): Dechasa Terefe, Anteneh Wondimu and Abinet Teshome

Gastrointestinal nematodes of donkeys and horses in Gondar town northwest, Ethiopia

May 2017

A study on the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) nematodes of equines was conducted from November 2011 to April 2012 in Gondar town to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors. A total of 103 horses and 281 donkeys were examined coprologicaly for the presence of GI nematode eggs using flotation techniques. Coprological result indicated horses and donkey harbor one or more nematodes infection in the total...

Author(s): Anteneh Wondimu and Getachew Sharew

Gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in Guto Gida District, East Wolloega, Ethiopia

May 2017

A study by qualitative fecal examination of 384 fecal samples (201 sheep and 183 goats) was conducted from November 2011 to April 2012 with the objective to determine the major gastrointestinal (GIT) nematodes of small ruminants and their prevalence in sheep and goats in Guto Gida District. The study showed that 186 (92.5%) sheep and 150 (81.97%) goats were found to harbor eggs of GIT nematodes. Both sheep and goats...

Author(s): Anteneh Wondimu and Sagni Gutu

Tsetse density and bovine trypanosomosis in selected sites of Konta, Ethiopia

May 2017

A cross-sectional study was conducted in selected sites of Southern Nation, Nationalities and People Regional State (SNNPRS) of Konta, Ethiopia. The purposes of study were to determine the apparent density of tsetse flies and prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis. Ngu traps for entomological survey were deployed at grazing and watering points of animals in the village of Dolba (Kerara Peasants Association, PAS) and near...

Author(s): Anteneh Wondimu, Endeshaw Reta and Asnake Fekadu

A cross-sectional study on bovine Schistosomiasis in and around Kemissie,Dawa Cheffa District

April 2017

A cross sectional study was conducted in and around Kemissie, Dawa Cheffa District to estimate the prevalence and identify possible risk factors for the disease in the study area. Animal identification based on age, sex, breed and body condition score and management system of the study animals were taken into account followed by coprological examination for the presence of the developmental stages of parasites or...

Author(s): Alemu Aylate, Mohammed Hussen, Alebachew Tilahun and Ashenafi Kiros

Prevalence and associated risk factors of equine wound in and around Asella town, South Eastern Ethiopia

April 2017

Equines are essential in the farming and transport systems of many areas of developing countries including Ethiopia. However, their socioeconomic importance is often under recognized and they suffer from poor husbandry practices which threaten their welfare and health. Wound is main problem emanated from such practice that results in deviation of their health and welfare. Cross-sectional study was conducted from...

Author(s): Nejash Abdela, Endale Teshome, Abdi Hassan and Feyissa Begna Deressa

Microbiological quality of frozen raw and undercooked Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fillets and food safety practices of fish handlers in Arba Minch town, SNNPR, Ethiopia

March 2017

The study was designed to assess the microbiological quality of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fillets and food safety practices of fish handlers in Arba Minch town, SNNPR, Ethiopia. A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the food safety practices of fish handlers. The microbiological quality of frozen raw and undercooked (Asa leb-leb) tilapia fillets was assessed by determining the total plate count and...

Author(s): Wendwesen Teka, Dagmar Nölkes, Yitbarek Getachew and Matusala Mulachew

Epidemiological investigation of Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (mers-cov) among dromedary camels in selected areas of Afar and Oromia region, Ethiopia

March 2017

A cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2014 and May 2015, to determine the sero-prevalence, assess the presence of active cases through isolation and identify possible risk factors for the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) in camels, in selected areas of Oromia and Afar regional states of Ethiopia. A total of 569 dromedary camel sera were collected and screened with two serological...

Author(s): Getnet Fekadu, Gelagay Ayelet and Fufa Abunna

Public health risk and transmission route of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS): MERS coronavirus in dromedary camel

March 2017

Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV) is a novel enzootic beta origin corona virus which was described in September 2012 for the first time. According to the reports of different researchers, the prevalence of MERS-CoV antibodies, during serological examination, is very high in dromedary camels of Eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. However, the infection in camel is mostly asymptomatic. In...

Author(s): Andualem Yimer and Sisay Fanta

Bursa body index as a visual indicator for the assessment of bursa of Fabricius

February 2017

The objective of the present study was to identify the significance of the Bursal-Body index (BB index) as a tool in assessing the health status of a chicken flock especially those under experimental condition. With the unending debate on the bursa of Fabricius as a diagnostic tool, a total of 135 day-of-hatch Dominant black Cockerel hybrid were housed in six separate houses with positive pressure and filtered airflow....

Author(s): A. A. Raji, B. Mohammed, S. B. Oladele, L. Saidu, A. H. Jibril and C. Cazaban

Prevalence and species of major gastrointestinal parasites of donkeys in Tenta Woreda, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

February 2017

A cross sectional study was carried out from January 2014 to May 2015 in Tenta Woreda, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia to identify the species and determine the overall prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites of donkeys. A total of 300 fecal samples were collected from randomly selected donkeys and examined with flotation, sedimentation, McMaster and Baerman fecal examination techniques. The overall prevalence was...

Author(s): Temesgen Kassa Getahun and Tihune Zeleke Kassa

Eukaryotic expression and characterization of BHV-1 glycoprotein D (gD) as a potential diagnostic antigen

January 2017

Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) causes Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/Pustular vulvovaginitis in cattle. Glycoprotein D (gD) of BHV-1 represents a major component of the viral envelope and is a dominant immunogen. gD encoding gene was expressed in baculovirus-insect cell system. Viral genomic DNA extracted from BHV-1 grown on Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney (MDBK) cell monolayer was used as a template for PCR amplification of...

Author(s): M. Sylvestre, Ramneek Verma, Ravi Kant Agrawal and Dipak Deka

Prevalence of endo-parasites in donkeys and camels in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda

January 2017

Donkeys (Ass-Equus-assinus) and camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Uganda are mainly owned by low income earners and peasant farmers, mainly in the semi-arid North-eastern Uganda in Karamoja and Sebei sub-regions. The animals however, seem to receive little or relatively no veterinary care. This study was carried out in Moroto and Amudat districts, Karamoja sub-region, Uganda in March 2016. Faecal samples of 110 randomly...

Author(s): Jesca Nakayima, William Kabasa, Daniel Aleper and Duke Okidi

Incidence and the history of Echinococcus granulosus infection in dogs within the past few decades in Libya: A review

January 2017

Echinococcus granulosus is a tiny tapeworm that parasitizes the small intestine of canids, mainly dogs, which act as definitive hosts for the parasite. Infected dogs are the main source of infection to humans and livestock which act as intermediate hosts resulting in hydatid disease condition. E. granulosus is widely distributed in many parts of the world, and is very common in North...

Author(s): Mohamed, M. Ibrahem, Wafa, M. Ibrahem, Kawther, M. Ibrahem, Badereddin, B. Annajar

Poultry coccidiosis: Prevalence and associated risk factors in extensive and intensive farming systems in Jimma Town, Jimma, Ethiopia

December 2016

Despite the presence of large number of chicken in Ethiopia, contribution to national economy or benefit from this sector of activity is very limited due to diseases and management, out of which poultry coccidiosis is a leading problem. A cross sectional study was undertaken in Jimma town and College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine’s (JUCAVM) poultry farm from November 2014 to April 2015 with the objective...

Author(s): Tadesse Chalchisa and Feyissa Begna Deressa

Evaluation of pacing as an indicator of musculoskeletal pathology in dogs

December 2016

Little is currently known about the pacing gait in dogs and it has been speculated that pacing may be utilized by dogs with musculoskeletal pathology. The goals of the present study were to determine if pacing in dogs is associated with musculoskeletal disease and to establish if controlled speed impacts pacing. Dogs underwent orthopedic and lameness assessments. Musculoskeletal pathology, when identified, was further...

Author(s): Theresa M. Wendland, Kyle W. Martin, Colleen G. Duncan, Angela J. Marolf and Felix M. Duerr

Evaluation of mucin and cytokines expression with intraepithelial lymphocytes determination in the caecum of broilers administered with Enterococcus faecium EF55 and challenged with Salmonella Enteritidis SE147

December 2016

The protective effect of probiotic strain Enterococcus faecium EF55 in chicks challenged with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis 147 (SE147) was assessed in caecum and blood. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection of mRNAs of chicken intestinal mucin gene (MUC2), Interleukin (IL-15) and Interleukin (IL-17) cytokines, together with flow cytometry determination of...

Author(s): M. Levkut Jr., V. Revajová, V. Karaffová, A. Lauková, R. Herich, V. Strompfová, Z. Ševčíková, R. Žitňan, M. Levkutová and M. Levkut Sr.

Coliform organisms associated with milk of cows with mastitis and their sensitivity to commonly available antibiotics in Kaduna State, Nigeria

December 2016

An examination of raw milk for the isolation of coliforms as members of mastitis-causing organisms was conducted on 300 cows from four Local Government Areas in Kaduna State, northern Nigeria. A 10.3% prevalence was recorded for coliform organisms using the Microgen GN-ID A+B Kit (Medica-TecTM), these were; Enterobacter spp., Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., Serratia marcescens, Proteus spp. and Pantoea agglomerans...

Author(s): Mbuk, E. U., Kwaga, J. K. P., Bale, J. O. O., Boro, L. A. and Umoh, J. U.

Genetic evolution of infectious bursal disease virus in Senegal

December 2016

In recent years very virulent (VV) IBDV strains and classical (CV) IBDV strains re-emerged and caused devastating outbreaks in different parts of the world. In this study, genetic evolution of fifteen IBDVs collected in Senegal in 1979, 1999, 2007, 2012, 2013 and 2014 was characterized to gain information for a better control of IBD. Following RT-PCR, nucleotide sequence of the VP2 hypervariable region was determined...

Author(s): Alkaly Badji , Alpha Amadou Diallo, Mariette Ducatez, Fatou Tall Lô, Mbaye Mbengue ,  Moussa Diouf, Yacine Samb, Mariame Diop, Modou  Moustapha Lo, Yaya Thiongane, Jean Luc Guerin,and Rianatou Bada Alambedji

Prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in and around Yabello, southern Ethiopia

December 2016

This study was conducted in and around Yabello, Southern Ethiopia, with the objective of determining the prevalence of poultry coccidiosis and its associated risk factors. Faecal samples were collected from total of 384 chickens. Floatation technique was used to detect coccidian oocyst. The result revealed that out of 384 chickens, 74 were positive to coccidiosis and overall prevalence was 19.3%. The frequency of...

Author(s): Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel and Endale Tesfaye

The epidemiology of major ectoparasites of sheep and the effectiveness of the control campaign employed in Tiyo and Diksis Districts, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

December 2016

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to July 2014 with the objectives to determine the prevalence of ectoparasite of sheep in the Tiyo and Diksis districts, determine the effectiveness of control program against sheep ectoparasites in the study area and major risk factors associated with effectiveness of control program. A total of 646 sheep (323 from each districts) were examined for the presence of...

Author(s): Hailegebrael Bedada, Gezahegn Alemayehu, Fikru Gizaw and Gemechu Chala

Assessment of public knowledge, attitude and practices towards rabies in Debark Woreda, North Gondar, Ethiopia

November 2016

The study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on rabies and associated risk factors among the community of Debark district, North Gonder, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. For this cross-sectional study, a simple random sampling procedure was employed to select kebeles. From the list of kebeles, six were randomly selected using lottery method. Then, 70...

Author(s): Nigatu Yalemebrat, Tilahun Bekele and Moa Melaku

Prevalence and possible risk factors for caprine paratuberculosis in intensive dairy production units in Guanajuato, Mexico

November 2016

In order to determine the prevalence of caprine paratuberculosis and the possible risk factors associated a cross-sectional epidemiological study (February to June, 2009) was carried out in dairy goat intensive production units in Guanajuto, Mexico. Blood (n=821) and fecal (n=240) were sampled from goats (older than one year of age) were randomly selected from thirteen dairy goat intensive production units. Serum...

Author(s): Claudia Celic Guzmán Ruiz, Marco Antonio Santillán Flores and Dionicio Córdova López

Major causes of lung and liver condemnation and associated risk factors in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

November 2016

The study was conducted from November, 2013 to March, 2014 at Hawassa municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia with the aim of identifying the major causes of liver and lung condemnation and assessing possible risk factors associated with organ condemnation. Standard ante-mortem and post-mortem procedures were followed throughout the study and abnormalities were recorded. A total of 399 cattle were considered for ante...

Author(s): Kassaye Shiferaw, Ayichew Teshale, Alemu Aylate, Alebachew Tilahun and Ashenafi Kiros

Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practices of agro-pastoralists on tsetse fly(Glossina sp.) in Western Serengeti Tanzania

November 2016

A cross-section study was conducted to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practices about tsetse (Glossina) and trypanosomiasis among the agro-pastoralists communities around the Ikorongo/Grumeti game reserves in the Western Serengeti. Structured questionnaire were administered to 80 respondents and out of these 95% had adequate knowledge about tsetse flies and 79% knew the local names of the fly. The study also revealed...

Author(s): Mechtilda Byamungu, Gamba Nkwengulila and Sebastian Matembo

Sero-prevalence of Newcastle disease virus antibodies in local and exotic chickens in Gwagwalada, Nigeria

November 2016

This present study was conducted to determine the sero-prevalence of Newcastle disease (ND) antibodies in both local and exotic chickens in Gwagwalada, Nigeria. Two hundred sera were randomly collected post slaughter from chickens and analysed by Haemagglutination (HI) and Haemagglutination Inhibition Test (HIT). Fifty structured questionnaires were distributed among poultry keepers, workers and other stakeholders to...

Author(s): James A. Ameh, Samuel Mailafia, Olatunde H. Olabode, Bridget J. Adah, God’spower R. Okoh, Martha Echioda Ogbole and Dolapo I. Alalade

Assessment of cadmium (Cd) residues in organs and muscles of slaughtered pigs at Nsukka and environs in Enugu State, Nigeria

November 2016

Pork is a major source of protein to man and widely consumed in Enugu State. The present study was undertaken to ascertain the presence and levels of cadmium in muscles and organs of slaughtered pigs at Nsukka agricultural zone. From a total of 160 slaughtered pigs, liver, kidney and muscle samples of each pig were collected and processed for the detection of cadmium residue using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. A...

Author(s): Felix Chidiebere Obioha , Ekene Ezenduka, Johnbosco Chinwuba Ukoha and John Anelom Nwanta

Hematology and serum biochemistry of farmed bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus during the active and hibernating periods

November 2016

The Bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus is a species of economic important edible frog and often chosen as experimental animal model. Although, some studies in the literatures have reported the parameters of hematology and serum biochemistry in several Rana species, a comprehensive profile of hematology and biochemistry in farmed bullfrogs was very limited, especially during the hibernating period. 140 apparently healthy...

Author(s): Fei Peng, Rui Zhang, Xue Zhu, Huan Wang and Shengzhou Zhang

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