Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 388

JVMAH Articles

A review on major bacterial causes of calf diarrhea and its diagnostic method

May 2015

Calf diarrheic diseases result from complex interactions of the environment. Infectious agents and the calf itself are the major constraints for raising replacement stock. Calf diarrhea is a multi factorial disease entity that can have serious financial and animal welfare implications in both dairy and beef sucker herds and is one of the most common diseases reported in calves up to 3 months old. Among the bacterial...

Author(s): Yimer Muktar, Gezhagne Mamo, Biruk Tesfaye and Dinaol Belina

Prevalence of small ruminant trypanosomosis in Assosa and Homosha districts, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, North West of Ethiopia

May 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted at Assosa zone of Benishangul Gumuz, North West Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence of trypanosomosis in local breeds of sheep and goats. Blood sample from 384 randomly selected sheep and goats (177 from Assosa and 207 from Homosha districts) of different species, sex, age groups were examined by dark phase contrast buffy coat and thin smear examination for species identification...

Author(s): Zelalem Ayana, Diriba Lemma, Birhanu Abera and Eyob Eticha

Determinants of small ruminant farmers’ decision to participate in veterinary services in Northern Ghana

May 2015

This study analysed the determinants of small ruminant farmers’ participation in veterinary services in Northern Ghana. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to collect data on 249 farm households in different locations in Northern Ghana. Analytical tools including frequencies, means and logistic regression model were used to analyse the data. The regression analysis indicates a positive relationship between...

Author(s): Faizal Adams and Kwasi Ohene-Yankyera

Seroprevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its effect on reproduction at Tellalak District of Afar region, Ethiopia

April 2015

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tellalak district of Afar region to determine the sero-prevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its association with major reproductive health problems. Serum samples (272 from goats and 142 from sheep) were collected from three randomly selected peasant associations along with a questionnaire survey. Animals above six months of age with no history of previous vaccination for...

Author(s): Wedajo Muleta Tadeg, Fekadu Regassa Gudeta, Tefera Yilma Mekonen, Yalew Tefera Asfaw, Alemayehu Lemma Birru and Abadi Amare Reda  

Prevalence of strongyle infection and associated risk factors in equine in Menz Keya Gerbil District, North-Eastern Ethiopia

April 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of equine strongyles in Meneze Keya Geberial district from July 2013 to September 2013. Coprological examination using floatation technique and assessing risk factors were followed. A total of 390 equines, 204 donkeys, 174 horses, and 12 mules were included in the study. The overall prevalence was found to be 64.61% and the species specific prevalence was...

Author(s): Bereket Molla, Yalelet Worku, Abebe Shewaye and Alemgezahu Mamo  

Comparison of range of motion in Labrador Retrievers and Border Collies

April 2015

The objective of this paper was to compare the range of motion in Border Collies to that of Labrador Retrievers. Humeral circumference, thigh circumference and differences between sex and age were also compared. Twenty three (23) healthy Border Collies and 18 healthy Labrador Retrievers were used. A single investigator measured range of motion of the carpus, elbow, shoulder, hip, stifle and tarsus as well as humeral and...

Author(s): Laura L. Hady, Geoffrey T. Fosgate and J. Michael Weh  

Incidence of lumpy skin disease and associated risk factors among export-oriented cattle feedlots at Adama District, Central Ethiopia

April 2015

A study on incidence of lumpy skin disease (LSD) was conducted at 20 exports-oriented cattle feedlots found in Adama district in Central Ethiopia between June and December, 2011. The 11,189 bulls in the 20 exports-oriented feedlots were clinically examined and evaluated for LSD, its incidence, mortality and morbidity. The overall incidence and mortality rate of LSD in cattle feedlots was 6.1 and 1.8% respectively....

Author(s): Gezahegn Alemayehu Samson Leta, Eyob Eshetu and Ayinalem Mandefro  

The prevalence of gastro-intestinal parasites of carnivores in university zoological gardens in South West Nigeria

April 2015

A survey of prevalence and intensity of gastro-intestinal parasites of carnivores in three university zoological gardens in South-West Nigeria was conducted. Faecal samples collected were analysed with flotation technique using a saturated solution of zinc sulfate as the floating solution, McMaster Egg Counting Technique and Petri Dish-Filter Paper Slant technique for larval recovery. Faecal examination revealed an...

Author(s): Adeniyi,  I.C., Morenikeji, O.A. and Emikpe, B.O.  

Epidemiological study on ectoparasite infestation of small ruminants in Sodo Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

April 2015

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate magnitude of small ruminant ectoparasite infestation in Sodo Zuria district from November, 2013 to March, 2014. Out of the total 758 small ruminants, 51.5% sheep and 48.9 % goats were found infected with ectoprasite infestation (p=0.471). Standard identification of 383 ectoprasite specimens demonstrated ticks (34.6%), lice (7.1%), fleas (6.1%) and mange mites (2.8%)....

Author(s): Yishak Israel, Tsegalem Abera  and  Befekadu Urga Wakayo  

Growth performance and immunological response to Newcastle disease vaccinations of broiler chickens fed lysine supplemented diets

March 2015

The effect of supplementing varying concentration levels of dietary lysine on growth performance and immune response to Newcastle disease (ND) vaccinations of broiler chickens was assessed. A total number of 180 day-old broiler chicks of mixed sex were used for the experiment. The birds were divided into 4 treatments (Treatment A, B, C and D), in which each treatment was replicated 3 times with 15 birds per replicate....

Author(s): Faluyi, O. B., Agbede, J. O. and Adebayo I. A.  

Some of biosecurity measurements in different dairy farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

March 2015

Ninety dairy farms were surveyed in Khartoum State to investigate their veterinary supervision, management, husbandry, biosecurity and hygienic practices. The information was collected by using questionnaire, visits and direct interviews with farm owners. Supervision of the dairy farms revealed highly significant (P < 0.001) variations and mostly done by the owners and herd keepers (60.8%). Cows alone as the main...

Author(s): Adam E. I. Mohammed and Ibtisam E. M. El Zubeir  

Baseline vital, haematological and serum biochemical parameters of donkeys

March 2015

The aim of this study was to determine the baseline values of vital, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in apparently healthy experimental donkeys in North-Western Nigeria, with a view to providing additional data on normal values for donkeys. Twenty four apparently healthy donkeys comprising of 12 males and 12 females, aged 11 to 15 months were used. The animals were housed in prepared experimental pen and...

Author(s): Umaru Musa Garba, A. K. B. Sackey, Lawal A. Idris and K.A.N. Esievo  

Elastography: Principles and considerations for clinical research in veterinary medicine cibele

March 2015

Since the beginning of medicine, palpation has been the primary semiologic method used to detect abnormalities during clinical examination. The mechanical properties of soft tissues are usually related to changes in stiffness. However, changes in stiffness and echogenicity of soft tissues are not always correlated. Elastography has emerged in the last decade as a new method that, when used in association with...

Author(s): Figueira Carvalho, Thassila Caccia Feragi Cintra and Maria Cristina Chammas  

Risk factors and level of awareness of canine brucellosis in Jos, Plateau state, Nigeria

February 2015

Jos has a large population of dogs because of its cultural acceptance as meat, good weather condition for exotic breeds, persistent security challenges and dog breeding activities which is very lucrative. This study was undertaken to determine the risk factors and level of awareness of canine brucellosis among dog owners in Jos by means of a structured questionnaire. Three hundred and fifty respondents were interviewed...

Author(s): Habiba Abdullateef Momoh, Gabriel Ogbaji Ijale, Ikwe Ajogi and Emmanuel Chukwuma Okolocha

Diagnostic approaches for tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases in livestock

February 2015

Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are a major economic constraint to livestock production affecting the productivity of livestock worldwide. Identification of these haemoprotozan and rickettsial infections is essential in understanding the epidemiology and it is important to distinguish between species and subspecies involved. Conventional techniques including serological and microscopic examinations do not always meet these...

Author(s): D. A. Salih, A. M. El Hussein and L. D. Singla

Internal and external parasites of camels (Camelusdromedarius) slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoir, Ethiopia

February 2015

A cross-sectional study was undertakento estimate the prevalence of internal and external parasites of camels slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir, Ethiopia. A total of 384 of camels originating from Borena and Metehara areas were examined during the study period and all (100%) of them were found to harbor at least two parasite species. In this study,the prevalence of tick, gastrointestinal parasites,...

Author(s): Aboma Regassa, Nesibu Awol, Birhanu Hadush, Yisehak Tsegaye andTeshale Sori

Major gastrointestinal helminth parasites of grazing small ruminants in and around Ambo town of Central Oromia, Ethiopia

February 2015

A cross-sectional survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of small ruminant helminthosis and associated risk factors in and around Ambo town of central Oromia, Ethiopia between February and May, 2013. A total of 120 small ruminants were examined using standard parasitological procedures. The study showed that 49.2% of the study animals were found to harbor eggs of one or more gastrointestinal helminth parasites....

Author(s): Temesgen Ayana and Walanso Ifa

Ultrasonographic assessment of uterine involution and ovarian activity in West Africa Sahelian goats

February 2015

This study aimed to characterize uterine involution and early ovarian postpartum activity in Sahelian goats. A total of 21 goats were allowed to nurse their kids and were examined every other day for complete uterine involution or daily for follicular development using a 5 MHz transrectal linear transducer. The obtained results indicated three phases of uterine regression, a fast involution phase (rates of 0.71 cm/day),...

Author(s): Moussa Zongo, Boureima Traoré, Mohammed Mahmoud Ababneh, Christian Hanzen and Laya Sawadogo

Epidemiological study on poultry coccidiosis: Prevalence, species identification and post mortem lesions in grower chicken in Kombolcha, North-Eastern Ethiopia

January 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted in Kombolcha Poultry Farm Enterprise to determine the prevalence, assessment of the risk factors and to identify the pathological abnormalities due to different species of Eimeria in 582 chickens of age 21 to 100 days, kept under deep litter management system from December, 2013 to March, 2014. The study involved fecal examination, post mortem examination, gross lesion examination,...

Author(s): Bereket Molla, and Abdu Ali

Determination of the presence and concentration of heavy metal in cattle hides singed in Nsukka abattoir

January 2015

Due to the health related problems associated with eating red meat, cattle hides also known as ponmo or kanda, have become a substitute for  red meat in Nigeria which in turn have resulted in the  increase demand for this product. To meet this demand, abattoir workers do not take time in processing these hides appropriately as different substances are used to fuel the wood to hasten the process of singeing....

Author(s): Kalu Ekenma, Nwanta John Anelon and Anaga Aruh Ottah

Bovine hydatidosis: Prevalence, public health and its economic significance in and around Harar, Ethiopia

January 2015

Both cross-sectional and retrospective studies were conducted from October, 2011 to June, 2012 in and around Harar to determine prevalence, public health and economic significance of bovine hydatidosis. Out of 384 cattle examined with thorough carcass inspection at Harar city municipal abattoir, 36 (9.4%) were found to be infected with hydatid cyst. Significant differences were found among adult and young, poor, medium...

Author(s): Dinaol Belina, Getnet Fekadu, Eyasu Zegaye and Sena Belina

Traumatic urinary bladder injuries in small animals

January 2015

Traumatic urinary bladder injuries in the recent times are considered to be of great importance in veterinary medicine, as they can lead to significant morbidity and subsequent mortality when diagnosed late or left untreated. However, the true incidence rates, absolute treatment recommendations and prognoses of lower urinary tract traumas are not available in literatures as the majority of specific information regarding...

Author(s): Muhammad Sa’idu Tanko, Cheh Augustine Awasum,  Adamu Zoaka Hassan,  Bala Usman, and Balarabe Magaji Jahun

Cross-sectional study on bovine fasciolosis: prevalence, coprological, abattoir survey and financial loss due to liver condemnation at Areka Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

January 2015

A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to April 2014 on bovine fasciolosis at Areka municipal abattoir to estimate the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis, associated risk factors, evaluate the sensitivity of coprological test and estimate direct annual financial loss due to liver condemnation. From 400 sampled cattle’s during the study period, 67 (16.75%) of their fecal samples and 120 (30%) of...

Author(s): Nebyou Moje, Solomon Mathewos, Fanta Desissa and Alemayehu Regassa

Study on molecular characterization of rabies virus N gene segment from different animal species in the Sultanate of Oman

December 2014

The present study was conducted to determine the molecular characterization of nucleoprotein (N) gene segment of the rabies virus (RV) in Sultanate of Oman. A portion of nucleotide sequence of N gene was amplified from the brains of 4 rabid animals (two goats, one sheep, and one camel) collected during 2011 to 2012, through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The nucleotide sequences of the gene...

Author(s): Mohammad Hasan Hussain Body, Abdulmajeed Al Rawahi, Muhammad Hammad Hussain, Saif Said Al Habsi, Ali Awlad Wadir, Nirmala Saravanan, Mohammad Sayed Ahmed, and Sunil Rajamony

Rational veterinary drug use: Its significance in public health

December 2014

Veterinary drugs are used as therapeutic, prophylactic and growth promotion, and can be used in either rational or irrational way. Rational use of drugs means the sick animals receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements, for an adequate period of time, and at the lowest cost to them and their community. Irrational drug uses are characterized by...

Author(s): Takele Beyene and Berihun Tesega

An Abattoir Survey on the Prevalence and Monetary Loss of Fasciolosis Among Cattle Slaughtered at Dangila Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

December 2014

Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle in tropical and subtropical countries responsible for considerable economic losses in the cattle industry, mainly through condemnation of fluke-infected liver. A cross sectional study was conducted between October, 2013 and March, 2014 to determine the prevalence and monetary losses associated with bovine fasciolosis and comparing coprology and...

Author(s): Alemu Fetene and Mekonnen Addis

Animal health constraints in dairy goats kept under smallholder farming systems in Kongwa and Mvomero Districts, Tanzania

November 2014

  This study was conducted to determine animal health constraints for dairy goats kept by small-scale farmers in Kongwa and Mvomero districts, Tanzania. A total of 129 dairy goats belonging to 108 farmers were screened for gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection, coccidiosis, haemoparasites, brucellosis and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) over a period of 11 months. Other clinical diseases and...

Author(s): Dismas Said Ngasa Shija, Lughano Jeremy Moses Kusiluka, Sebastian Wilson Chenyambuga, Deogratias Shayo and Faustin Paul Lekule

Prevalence, cyst viability, organ distributions and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Nekemte municipal abattoir, Western Ethiopia

November 2014

  A cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2013 to March, 2014 to assess the prevalence, cyst viability, organs distribution and direct financial losses of hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Nekemte municipal abattoir. Out of 473 inspected cattle at postmortem inspection, 82 (17.34%) were harboring a single or multiple hydatid cysts. Significantly (P < 0.05) higher infection rate was observed in...

Author(s): Nebyou Moje and Adugna Degefa

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states, Ethiopia

November 2014

  A cross-sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants and assess associated risk factors. The multistage sampling technique was used on total population in the selected district during the study period. A total of 420 serum samples were collected from 129 sheep and 291 goats...

Author(s):  H. Tsehay, G. Getachew, A. Morka, B. Tadesse and H. Eyob

Effect of orally administered bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) extract on the growth performance and haematological parameters of broiler chicken

October 2014

The effect of administering graded concentration levels of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) extract to broiler birds for growth performance and health promoter potential (haematological parameters) was evaluated. The birds were randomly distributed into six treatments with three replicates per treatment, each replicate having 10 birds. Treatment 1 is the control treatment given only water, treatment 2 were given...

Author(s): Osho, I. B., Akindahunsi, A., Igbasan, F. A. and Adekunle, D. J.

Abomasal nematodes of small ruminants slaughtered in Bahir Dar Town, North West Ethiopia

October 2014

This study was conducted during November, 2013 to March, 2014 to identify the species and to determine the burden of abomasal nematodes of small ruminants slaughtered in Bahir Dar town. A total of 384 abomasa (269 sheep and 115 goats) were collected and examined according to the standard procedures. An overall prevalence of 55.7% was recorded for abomasal nematodes of sheep and goats. The host specific prevalence of...

Author(s): Ayichew Teshale and Kassaye Aragaw

Evaluation of safety and quality of surgical care at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital

October 2014

A retrospective review of 463 case notes of surgical procedures performed on dogs at the surgery unit of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ibadan Nigeria between 2003 and 2013 was conducted to evaluate the level of compliance with safety and quality of care standards. Quality of patients’ records of major surgical procedures was evaluated with reference to pre-surgical evaluation protocols,...

Author(s): Akinrinmade Joseph Fadeyemi

A cross-sectional sero-survey of some infectious diseases of working equids in Central Ethiopia

September 2014

Despite the large numbers of working equids and their significant contribution towards communities as well as the national economy, the attention given to study the health and welfare problems of working equids in Ethiopia is quite minimal. The main objective of this study was to investigate the sero-prevalence of some important infectious diseases infecting working equids and asses their spatial distribution in the...

Author(s): M. Getachew, , F. Alemayehu, C. Chala, B. Amare, D. Kassa, F. Burden, R. Wernery and U. Wernery

Isolation and identification of aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of cart horses in Central Ethiopia

September 2014

A cross sectional study to isolate and identify aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of horses was conducted from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Forty eight apparently healthy horses (APHH) and 56 horses with respiratory tract diseases (HRTD) brought to Society for protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics in Central Ethiopia were randomly selected. Swab samples were collected aseptically from...

Author(s): Tesfaye Debelu,  Nigatu Akililu, Tesfaye Sisayand  Fanta Desissa

Decreased level of serum paraoxonase (PON) activity in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)

September 2014

Serum Paraoxonase (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein associated esterase capable of hydrolyzing numerous organophosphates and protects low-density lipoprotein against peroxidation. PON1 is believed to play a crucial role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in animals and PON1 activity has been shown to be low after myocardial infarction, liver disease and during oxidative stress. Here in this article we...

Author(s): Mahadesh Prasad AJ , Monika Krueger, Maxi Krueger

Mastitis in camels (Camelus dromedarius): Past and recent research in pastoral production system of both East Africa and Middle East

August 2014

Udder infection was considered as one of the main constraints for camel rearing. During the last decades the disease has been reported from a number of camels-rearing countries in Africa and Asia such as Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and United Arab Emirate. An attempt was made in this paper in order to review the status of camel mastitis (Camelus dromedarius) research in pastoral production system of...

Author(s): Atif E. Abdelgadir

Postmortem incidence and trends of Newcastle disease lesions among chicken presented for diagnosis at Makerere University Central Veterinary Laboratory: A retrospective study

August 2014

In Uganda, endemic poultry diseases especially Newcastle disease (ND) presents an important limiting factor in the development of commercial poultry production and establishment of trade links. However, there was limited information about its incidence and trends. A retrospective study was conducted to determine incidence and trends of ND among chicken presented for post mortem diagnosis at Makerere University Central...

Author(s): Ndidde, Y., Akullo, J., Zirintunda, G. and Ekou, J.

Risk management of importation of day old chicks in Khartoum State, Sudan

August 2014

The present study was carried out in Khartoum state comprising three towns namely Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North and was aimed of identifing, analyzing and dealing with risks related to importation of day old chicks in order to minimize risk impact and to develop systemic approach for approving or rejecting imported day old chicks according to processes of import policy and procedures. Data was obtained from...

Author(s): Marwa ElTayeb Abdel Rahman, Atif Elamin Abdelgadir and Mahmoud Musa Mahmoud

Confirmatory diagnosis of contagious ecthyma (Orf) by polymerase chain reaction at Adet Sheep Research Sub-Center, Ethiopia: A case report

July 2014

An outbreak of contagious ecthyma (CE) was investigated in June, 2012 with morbidity rate of 22% in Adet Sheep Research Sub-Center, Ethiopia. The results of this investigation indicated that the outbreak was caused by infection with CE virus. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for rapid diagnosis was applied to five scab samples obtained from sheep suspected for CE. To confirm whether the causative agent was...

Author(s): Yeshwas Ferede, Almaz Habtamu and Sisay Gebresellasie

Do dental abnormalities predispose horses to colic?

July 2014

Evaluation of dental abnormalities were carried out on a group of 74 polo horses with history of colic (colicky group) and another group of 70 randomly selected polo horses with no history of colic (non-colicky group) under similar environmental and management condition at Lagos Polo Club, Lagos, Nigeria in order to investigate probable correlation between dental abnormalities, routine dental care and predisposition to...

Author(s): Timothy A. O. Olusa and Joseph Fadeyemi Akinrinmade

Slaughter surveillance for tuberculosis among cattle in three metropolitan abattoirs in Ghana

July 2014

Despite its existence in Ghana, there is very little information on the extent or nature of bovine tuberculosis. This state of affairs may pose a serious public health threat through risks associated with the consumption of beef from infected cattle, dairy milk and other bovine products. A study to screen bovine carcasses with lesions suggestive of mycobacterial infection at necropsy in three selected abattoirs in Accra...

Author(s): Samuel Kumah Atiadeve, Oti Kwasi Gyamfi, Ephraim Mak-Mensah, Isaac K. A. Galyuon, Darlington Owusu, Frank Adae Bonsu, Kofi Dzorgbenyuie Bedzra and Richard K. Gyasi

Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis and assessment of Cattle owners’ awareness on its public health implication in and around Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia

June 2014

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September, 2010 to July, 2011 on 480 cattle in and around Mekelle town, northern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) using comparative intradermal tuberculin (CIDT) test and to assess cattle owners’ awareness on its public health implication using a questionnaire survey. The individual animal and herd bovine tuberculin positivity prevalence...

Author(s): Fikre Zeru, Gebremedhin Romha, Gebretsadik Berhe, Gezahegne Mamo, Tesfaye Sisay and Gobena Ameni,

Caseous lymphadenitis in goats from Borena Range Land South Ethiopia slaughtered at Luna Export Abattoir

June 2014

A study was conducted on 400 goats in Luna Export Abattoir originated from district area of Borena Range land (that is Yabello and Negella) from November, 2008 to April, 2009 to estimate the prevalence of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) in goats. Detail post mortem examination and bacteriology were applied to undertake this study. On the bases of post mortem and bacteriological results, the prevalence of caseous...

Author(s): Fikre Zeru and Abraha Gebregziabher Kahsay

Outbreaks of Peste des petits ruminants in two different localities in Sudan

June 2014

This report describes the details of outbreaks of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) which occurred during 2008 in Khartoum and River Nile States in Sudan. An outbreak was reported in a sheep flock at the southern part of the State (Soba) in Khartoum, with 100% morbidity and mortality rates. In ElDamer city at River Nile State, the morbidity rate was 31.4% while mortality rate was 17.1% in the total animal...

Author(s): Ali, Y.H., Intisar, K. S. and Khalafalla, A. I.

Rabies in animals and humans in and around Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia: A retrospective and questionnaire based study

June 2014

Reliable data is required on diseases like rabies by policy makers and professionals. This study was therefore aimed at assessing the situation of rabies in and around Addis Ababa using retrospective data obtained during 2008 to 2011. Besides, a questionnaire was used to generate information on factors associated with the occurrence of rabies. A total of 935 brain samples from different species of animals were examined...

Author(s): Reta, T., Teshale, S., Deresa, A., Ali, A., Mengistu, F., Sifer, D. and Freuling, C. M.

Pathophysiologic mechanisms of pain in animals – A review

May 2014

The sense of pain is of practical significance in human and veterinary medicine. Its management and prevention constitute integral and fundamental parts of quality and compassionate care of patients. In order to recognise, assess, prevent and treat pain, an understanding of its pathway and the pathophysiologic mechanisms is necessary. This review discusses definitions of pain, its classification, description,...

Author(s): Okafor, R. O. S., Remi-Adewunmi, B. D., Fadason, S. T., Ayo, J. O. and Muhammed, S. M.

Species composition, prevalence and seasonal variations of ixodid cattle ticks in and around Haramaya town, Ethiopia

May 2014

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2009 to March 2010 in and around Haramaya town to determine the species composition, prevalence and seasonal variation of ixodid cattle ticks. During the study period, a total of 3117 adult ixodid cattle ticks were collected from the half body regions of 346 local breeds of cattle which were under extensive management system during early dry and early wet periods and...

Author(s): Mohamed Bedasso, Belay Abebe and Hailu Degefu

Evaluation of biosecurity measures on broiler farms in Khartoum, Sudan

May 2014

This study was designed to evaluate the present biosecurity measures in broiler farms in Khartoum and to compare between the biosecurity practices followed in closed system and open system farms. The primary information that included numbers of broiler poultry in each farms, locations in the state and type of farms were obtained from Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, Khartoum. Multi-stage cluster sampling...

Author(s): Mahmoud Mohamed Ali, Atif Elamin Abdelgadir and Hayfa Mohammed Ismail

Major causes and risk factors associated with calf mortality in dairy farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

May 2014

This study was conducted in dairy farms in Khartoum state in order to determine the major causes and risk factors associated with calves’ mortality. The main results revealed that out of 2,310 animals a highest mortality rate was in Hilat kuku 2.16% (n = 50), followed by Alrudwan and Alseleit 1.73% (n = 24) and 1.04% (n = 40), respectively. Application of analytical statistic using one way analysis of variance...

Author(s): Abdullatief E.  M. Mansour, Atif E. Abdelgadir and Ibtisam E. M. El Zubeir

Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and associated economic impact on Central Ethiopian cattle feedlots

May 2014

The study was conducted in central part of Ethiopia in 2011 with the objectives to determine seroprevalence and associated economic impact on cattle feedlots. From the total of 38,187 bulls examined for foot and mouth disease (FMD) antibody, 5,536 (14.5%) was found positive and subsequently rejected from international market. The seropositivity of FMD varied from site to site and the variations were statistically...

Author(s): Gezahegn Alemayehu, Girma Zewde and Berhanu Admassu

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