African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Evaluation of gene xpert assay and microscopic examination for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum at Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Article in Press

The re-emergence and increase in the prevalence of tuberculosis cases and multidrug resistant strains is of public health concern. The conventional Acid Fast Bacilli detection tool is weak in the current disease trend especially in children, patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and low bacterial load. The aim of this research was to assess effectiveness of the Gene Xpert MTB/RIF assay and Microscopy in...

Author(s):Confidence Kinikanwo Wachukwu, Stella Paulinus Okwelle, Easter Godwin Nwokah and Ollor Amba Ollor

Ameliorative effect of imipenem on pulmonary damage caused by extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria isolates from non- human source

Article in Press

Acute lung infection induced by Extended Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBL) producing isolates was determined by measuring inflammatory mediators; malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and nitric oxide (NO). The mice were randomly divided into three groups of 20 animals each. All mice were given 104 c.f.u. ml-1 of the test organism intranasally in a volume of 50 µl while holding the mouse in an upright position without...

Author(s):Afunwa, R. A., Iroha, R. I., Ugwu, M., Afunwa, E. C., Unachuchwu, M. N. and Esimone, C. O.

Assessment of antimicrobial resistance patterns in Escherichia coli isolated from clinical samples in Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative bacteria that causes various diseases, including pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and diarrhoea. The present work is an effort to study antimicrobial resistance pattern in this bacteria. Clinical samples (6840) were collected from King Fahd Hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia and screened for E. coli strains. Of all positive samples obtained from different clinical sources, about 3%...

Author(s):Walaa M. Saeed, Samah Ghanem, Hatem M. El Shafey and Nikhat Manzoor

Incidence of bacterial infection in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with cirrhosis and association between toll-like receptor 4 D299G gene polymorphism and Gram- negative bacterial infections in the patients

Article in Press

This study aimed to investigate the incidence of bacterial infection in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with cirrhosis and association between toll-like receptor 4 D299G gene polymorphism and Gram-negative bacterial infections in the patients. 100 HCV cirrhotic patients with ascites and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects as control were included. Conventional culture methods were used to identify the...

Author(s):Hanan El-Bassat, Lobna Abo Ali, Atef Taha and Rasha Alm El-Din

Assessment of the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Gram-negative bacilli at the Charles De Gaulle Paediatric University Hospital (CDG-PUH), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Article in Press

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a serious concern in developing countries due to precarious hygiene conditions, inappropriate prescription as well as self-medication and free sale of antibiotics. This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of strains producing extended-spectrum beta- lactamase in the Gram negative bacteria isolated in the laboratory. The study was conducted in the Charles De Gaulle Paediatric...

Author(s):Mahamoudou Sanou, Absétou Ky/Ba, Pricille Coulibali, Marius Nagalo, Abdoul Salam Ouédraogo, Mamadou Tamboura, Dinanibé Kambiré, Cyrille Bisseye, Fidèle Bakiono, Jacques Simporé and Ramata Ouédraogo

Management of bacterial wilt disease of potato in coastal plains of Odisha

Article in Press

Bacterial wilt and brown rot caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most dreaded diseases causing 30 to 70% yield loss in India. The disease is both tuber and soil borne. A field trial was conducted following split plot design in the year 2008 to 09 and 2009 to 10 under All India Co-ordinated Potato Research Project in Central Farm, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India with...

Author(s):Biswal, G. and Dhal, N.K.

Isolation, identification and evaluation of mosquito entomopathogenic Bacillus species and related genera from randomly selected sites in Kenya

Article in Press

This study was carried out to identify specific mosquitocidal Bacillus species and related genera for future development of biopesticides in local mosquito control program in Kenya. Bacterial isolation was conducted from 100 soil samples through pasteurization method and preliminary identification conducted through phenotypical analysis. Toxicity analysis was performed through bioassays and lethal concentrations (LC) were...

Author(s):Samuel Karungu, Doudou Huang, Evans Atoni, Cecilia Waruhiu, Bernard Agwanda, Xiaomin Hu and Zhiming Yuan

Influence of subminimal inhibitory concentrations of some bioactive compounds on the biofilm formation ability and virulence factors of multiple drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates

Article in Press

The objective of this study was to assess the impact of subminimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of chosen antimicrobial agents (Amikacin, imipenem, benzalkonium chloride, and chlorhexidine) and natural product (garlic) on biofilm formation ability, bacterial adherence and invasion. Susceptibility profiles of 50 non-repetitive Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates to eight antibiotics were investigated. MIC of...

Author(s):Mona H. Mahmoud, Magdy A. Amin, Rania I Shebl, Aly F. Mohamed and Mai M. Zafer

Physiochemical factors affecting in vitro growth of Pasteurella multocida

Article in Press

Pasteurella multocida causes fowl cholera (FC), a contagious bacterial disease of domestic and wild avian species. It is a Gram negative coccobacilli causing acute highly fatal septicemia with high morbidity and mortality rate. Control of fowl cholera is primarily performed by good management practice and vaccination in areas where disease is endemic. For a quality vaccine, high density growth of P. multocida along with...

Author(s):Mehmood M. D., Zia S., Javed F., Gul M., Ashraf M. and Anwar H.

Antimicrobial activity of crude extracts of endophytic fungi from Oryctanthus alveolatus (Kunth) Kuijt (Mistletoe)

Article in Press

The use of antibiotics has unleashed high bacterial resistance. This outcome triggered the urgent need for effective new antibacterial agents to treat infectious diseases. A promising source for the production of antibiotics and several other bioactive substances are endophytic fungi. These microorganisms inhabit in and bring benefits to living plant tissues. Thus, the aim of this paper was to know the endophytic fungi...

Author(s):Sanay Feitosa Lima Ribeiro, Armando da Costa Garcia, Hathyla Eduarda Dias dos Santos, Quimi Vidaurre Montoya, Andre Rodrigues, João Marcos de Oliveira and Camila Martins de Oliveira

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