African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Effect of Fermenting Cassava with Yeasts Isolated from Fermented Cassava Pulp Juice on Proximate Composition of Cassava flour

Article in Press

Cassava production has increased consistently in Ethiopia. Cassava contains toxic substances hydrogen cyanide. Another limitation, it has low content in protein. To conduct the study, five potential HCN tolerating yeast isolates were selected based on their tolerability capacity. Out of this yeast isolates, 28% Zygosaccharomyces spp (F9), 25% Saccharomyces cervices (F12) 17% Candidia Krusi (Cy4) 16% Candidia tropicals...

Author(s):Tefera Tadesse (MSc),Mulatu Workie (MSc),Betemariam Kebede, (MSc) Tariku Abena, (MSc)Adaba Tilahun, (MSc) Daniel Yimer (MSc) Sewunet Abera,(MSc) Tirsit Tibebu (MSc) Melaku Alemu,(PhD) Tadessa Daba, (PhD) Adane Eshetu, (MSc) Asab Alemneh(MSc)

Phenotypic Identification of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Cattle Feaces and Abattoir Effluents in Zaria, Nigeria

Article in Press

This study was conducted to identify Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolated from slaughtered cattle and effluents at Zaria Abattoir, Nigeria. A total of 800 samples comprising of 400 samples each from faeces of slaughtered cattle and effluent wastes were collected. Out of the 800 samples 438 (54.8%) were positive for E. coli using Eosin Methylene Blue agar (EMB). Biochemical characterization of E. coli...

Author(s):Emelogu Chukwudi, Mailafia Samuel, Ameh James Agbo Olabode Hamza, Adah Bridget Maria Jessicah, Ogbole-Echioda Martha and Njoku Remingus Chinedu

Phytochemical study, and evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of three plants in the treatment of typhoid fever in Togo

Article in Press

Typhoid fever is an infectious disease that affects millions of people around the world. A recipe based on Carica papaya, Cocos nucifera and Persea americana is used in traditional medicine in Togo against this disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical properties, and antimicrobial activities of the recipe of plant used in traditional medicine in Togo against Typhoid fever. Qualitative tests based on...

Author(s):Hoinsou Yao: Gbati Luckman : Koula Fo-doh Clefasse: Poli Sossawè: Alognon Ablam: Montant Minyo Ega Sossa.: Toudji Akouétévi Gérard: Gbekley Efui Holaly: Djéri Bouraïma: and Karou Damintoti Simplice

Immunogenicity and Efficacy of Heat Inactivated Whole-Cell Vaccine to Increase Murine Survival after Extensively Drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Infection

Article in Press

Due to the rapid emergence of extensively drug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter baumannii worldwide, there is a necessity for greater consideration of the role of preventive vaccines in combating these pathogens. The study reported the effectiveness of a heat-inactivated whole-cell vaccine (HI-WCV) against A. baumannii. Eleven Swiss albino mice were divided into Experimental (EG) (n=4), Placebo-controlled (PC) (n=4), and...

Author(s):Nazmun Sharmin, Md. Mahbub E Khoda

Antagonistic potentials of Trichoderma species in the control of Fusarium wilt in five tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) varieties cultivated under greenhouse conditions in Southwest Nigeria

Article in Press

Important pathogenic fungi such as Fusarium species are mostly associated with the wilting of tomato plant leaves and constitute a serious limiting factor for tomato production. Therefore, this study aimed to screen tomato varieties commonly cultivated in Nigeria to determine their host resistance status to Fusarium oxysporum. The treatments included Trichoderma asperellum, Trichoderma harzianum, and Mancozeb fungicide....

Author(s):OMOTAYO, Olumide Ekundayo

Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus salivarius, and Enterococcus hirae isolated from Gastrointestinal and Respiratory Tract Bacteria in Commercial broiler chickens

Article in Press

Ever since antibiotics were discovered for the treatment of bacterial diseases, an increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been noticed as an economic and public health concern with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic resistance in commercial poultry can be a great threat to public health. This research aimed to screen commercial poultry’s gastrointestinal and respiratory tract bacteria to observe the...

Author(s):Galib Ahsan, M.M. Kamal Hossain, Jahangir Alam, Md. Abdul Alim, Sabbir Ahmed, Rizone Al Hasib, Abu Reza, Masuma Anzuman, Shovon Shaha, Md. Shahedur Rahman, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal

Risk assessment linked to Salmonella spp. during the consumption of water cooled with locally produced ice blocks in N'Djamena (Chad)

Article in Press

The objective of this study is to assess the risk of infection related to Salmonella spp. when consuming water cooled with ice blocks produced locally in N'Djamena/Chad. For this purpose, a survey was carried out on a sample of 100 people and a total of 35 samples of water cooled with locally produced ice blocks were collected. The results of the risk assessment showed that 337 out of 1000 people could develop...

Author(s):NOUBADOUMADJE Yannick, SADO KAMDEM Sylvain Leroy, NGANDOLO BONGO NARE Richard, NKOUE Abraham & KEINKO TAKOUNDJOU Arnaud Carter

In vitro Antifungal Activities of Spectrum Drugs and some Mushroom Extracts against Yeast Isolates of Women with Vulvovaginal Candidiasis Attending a Tertiary Health Care Facility in Oyo State South-west, Nigeria

Article in Press

Background: In recent years, microbial resistance to antimicrobial products have been a global concern of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). Hence, this study aimed at comparing the antifungal potentials of some spectrum drugs and selected mushrooms against Candida species. Methodology: A total of 150 High Vaginal Swab (HVS) samples were collected from female patients aged 10-60 years with a median age of 34.5 years. HVS...

Author(s):Gabriel IFEOLUWA MAKINDE, Gbemisola Toluwalope IDOWU, Michael Oladimeji IDOWU

Quality assessment of weaning food prepared from fermented cereal (sorghum) and legume (soybean)

Article in Press

This study investigated the nutritional value of weaning blends of sorghum ogi combined with roasted soybean flour in different ratios. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from fermented sorghum ogi and were screened for their technological properties. The physicochemical properties of the fermented ogi, proximate composition and shelf-life of the weaning blends were determined by standard methods. Ten LAB isolates...

Author(s):Abimbola O. G Lamidi B. O, Ogunremi O. R Adeyemo S.M

Notable variants of SARS COV 2 virus – A mini-review

Article in Press

Viruses mutate over time, and these changes might have little to no effect on the property of the virus. Mutations that alter interactions with major host components might sway epigenetic regulation, which modifies and controls host machinery in the cell. Some modifications could affect the virus's properties, such as its transmissibility, disease severity, therapeutic medications, vaccines, or other social and public...

Author(s):Ebidor Lawani-Luwaji, Tolulope Alade, Balaraba Ubanyero John

Identification of Cyanobacteria Strains Isolated from Brazilian Semiarid Reservoirs Through Molecular Characterization.

Article in Press

Seven species of cyanobacteria from the reservoirs of Sítios Novos and Gavião, both located in Ceará and maintained in the collection of Laboratory of Quality and Water Treatment of the Federal University of Ceará were molecularly characterized based on DNA markers aiming at your identification. The molecular characterization of the seven strains was performed and the sequencing of the 16S rRNA and the cpcBA locus...

Author(s):Kelly Cristina dos Reis, José Capelo-Neto

Antimicrobial effects of cinnamon extracts on some probiotic Lactobacillus species

Article in Press

Food supplements with known antimicrobial activity such as cinnamon extracts are being consumed more widely as a part of daily diet with pandemic. Cinnamon extracts can be found also in the composition of many functional foods and dietary supplements. This study was carried out to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial activities of the extracts of cinnamon on some probiotic (Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus,...

Author(s):Ayla ÜNVER ALÇAY, Aysun SA?LAM, Nagihan ÇA?LAR and Kamil BOSTAN

Diversity and abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with onion (Allium cepa L.) in northern Cameroon

Article in Press

This study aims to describe the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with onion (Allium cepa L.) in northern Cameroon. Three onion fields are selected in each of the three main onion producing regions of northern Cameroon: Adamawa, North and Far North. Soil and root samples are collected from the onion rhizosphere. All samples from one region are mixed to form a composite sample. The onion is used as...

Author(s):DINISSIA Jérémie, TCHUENTEU TATCHUM Lucien, MAIMOUNA Abba, TOBOLBAI Richard, MEGUENI Clautilde, NWAGA Dieudonné

Antimicrobial residues in animal-derived foods: a mini-survey of Nakuru city, Kenya

Article in Press

This study was conducted to investigate the presence of antimicrobials in animal derived foods in Nakuru city. A total of forty-nine samples were analyzed for antimicrobial residue determination using an immunoassay designed to test for presence of quinolones, ceftiofur, thiamphenicol, streptomycin, tylosin and tetracyclines. Samples were randomly collected from slaughter houses, shops, supermarkets and a milk quality...

Author(s):Paul O. Ayieko, Joan C.Tisen, Joseph M. Kamau, James K. Macharia, Joseph M.Mosabi

Resistance genes and plasmid profile of Bacteria Isolated from Selected Water Bodies in Owo Metropolis

Article in Press

Aquatic samples from three water bodies were collected following laid down procedures. The bacteria were isolated using, Eosin Methylene Blue agar (EMB), Mannitol salt agar (MSA), Thiosulfate-Citrate-Bile Salts-Sucrose (TCBS) Agar, Muller Hinton (MH). The isolates were subjected to colonial, morphological and biochemical characterization. Pathogenicity test was carried out on the isolates using blood agar to determine...

Author(s):Daniels, Adetoyosi Olutosin and Temikotan Taye

Risk based Surveillance on Avian influenza and Newcastle disease in the rift valley selected regions of Ethiopia

Article in Press

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) is one of the most serious public-health threats to arise from the animal reservoir. It can kill up to 90% of a flock and generate epidemics that can spread quickly, wreaking havoc on the poultry business and putting severe trade restrictions in place. Newcastle disease (NCD) is also a persistent threat to the poultry business and is a limiting illness for poultry farmers around the...

Author(s):Redeat Belaineh, Almaz Habtamu, Birhanu Abera, Shimeles Degene, Melaku sombo, Abde Aliye, Bayeta Senbeta, Getachew Abichu

Total microorganisms in cerrado soil under the influence of seasonal changes

Article in Press

The Cerrado is the second largest Brazilian biome and one of the main biodiversity hotspots on the planet, and has recently gained prominence as the last agricultural frontier with food production potential in the Americas. The Cerrado soils are old, deep, not very fertile, acidic and very weathered, however they have a great wealth of biodiversity of fungi and bacteria, which play fundamental roles for the resilience and...

Author(s):Belcholina Elias Silva, Sandro Dutra e Silva, Rodrigo Fernandes de Souza, Wagner Gonçalves Vieira Junior, Leidiane dos Santos Lucas, José Mateus dos Santos, Luiz Cesar Lopes Filho, Willian Marques Pires, Walber Alves Ribeiro, Jadson Belem de Moura

Prevalence, sensitivity to antibiotics and serotypes of Streptococcus b carriage in pregnant women in Algiers

Article in Press

Objective: The objective of this work is to determine the carriage rate of Streptococcus b in pregnant women in the last trimester, to specify the serotypes, to assess the antibiotic sensitivity of the carried strains and to determine the support of the resistance to macrolides and aminoglycosides. Material and methods: This was a prospective study from March 1, 2015 to September 30, 2015, which included 389 of patients...

Author(s):S.Mahrane, H.Riad, Z.Ghechi

Isolation and Characterization of Bacteria capable of degrading Poly Chlorinated Biphenyls

Article in Press

Classical methods of treatment of Poly Chlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in environmental matrices are giving way to bioremediation techniques. As a result, bacterial samples from microbial communities adapted to PCBs are being isolated and characterized to assess their suitability for use in removing PCBs from various environmental media. This study therefore sought to isolate and characterize suitable bacteria from two...

Author(s):Robert Adu, Samuel Gyasi, David Essumang, Anthony Ablordey, Emmanuel Timmy Donkoh, Akwasi Asamoah, Abdul Raji

Molecular detection of the cholera toxin gene and the pathogenicity island responsible for the epidemic character of Vibrio cholerae isolated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Article in Press

Background Cholera is a disease of significant public concern in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Cholera is typically diagnosed using culture and biochemistry. However, the genes responsible for cholera's toxigenicity can only be identified using molecular techniques that are not readily available. Here, we applied two polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods to detect the ctxA and tcP genes and determined the...

Author(s):Kakubu Mireille A Mpalang, Rebecca Susan Dewey, Kabwang Rosette A Mpalang

Endosymbiotic Bacillus subtilis as a novel biocontrol agent against fungal infections in Hevea brasiliensis: A preliminary study

Article in Press

Endosymbiotic bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, a safe organism involved in disease control, drought tolerance and growth promotion in plants have recently been isolated from leaf, stem and bark, tissues of Hevea brasiliensis. The abiotic (drought and low temperature) and biotic (various diseases) stress related genes which are normally expressed in Hevea are neither sufficient to overcome the unfavourable conditions...

Author(s):MRUDULA. P. MUSTHAPHA, M.B.MOHAMED SATHIK, SHAJI PHILIP, MOLLY THOMAS

Anti-Biofilm Formation Effects of Aromatic and Medicinal Plant Extracts on Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli

Article in Press

Common bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap) have been recorded as one of the most important seed-borne destructive diseases on beans. Chemical compounds which are incessantly used on beans to manage CBB disease cause serious damage to natural ecosystems and sometimes they show frequent failure for controlling CBB. These consequences are attributed to the use of by-products from...

Author(s):Tibebu Belete

EVALUATION OF WILD YEASTS ISOLATED FROM SOME FRUITS COLLECTED FROM LOCAL MARKETS FOR THEIR BREAD LEAVENING CAPACITY

Article in Press

Wild yeasts are used as leavening agents to produce carbon dioxide by utilizing sugars in the flour and thereby ferment in order to raise the dough. Therefore, the present study was carried out to characterize wild yeast isolates recovered from fruits to assess their leavening potential of wheat dough under laboratory conditions. The yeast isolates were retrieved from fruits following standard methods. From a total of 88...

Author(s):Eshet Lakew, Diriba Muleta, Anteneh Tesfaye

Intra-validation of an ELISA test kit for the quantitative analyses of total Aflatoxins in spices in Cameroon market

Article in Press

The aim of this study was to measure the standard parameters of intra-validation of the total aflatoxin low-matrix ELISA Kit (Lot No. 062218, RENEKABIO, USA) and the method was used to evaluate the contamination degree in 4 different spices [white pepper (Piper nigrum), black pepper (Piper nigrum), njansang (Ricinodendron heudelottii) and super mbongo spice (Aframomum citratum, Monodora myristica and Afrostyrax...

Author(s):Evelyne Nguegwouo, Azoumboi Abassi Nouhou, Abel Wade, Gabriel Nama Medoua and Elie Fokou

TAENIASIS-CIRTICERCOSIS COMPLEX AND TUBERCULOSIS IN FOOD

Article in Press

Although in 2020 the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) declined 4,1% compared to the previous year, the participation of livestock in the same period increased its representation from 8,4% to 10%. It is estimated that Brazil's contribution to the world food market has grown from 20,6 billion to 100 billion and the prospects are for greater increases for the coming years. In terms of people fed, the numbers were 800...

Author(s):Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros, Maira Milton Coutinho Salomão

Phytochemical screening, phenolic contents, antioxidant and antifungal activities of crude extracts from different organs of Bunium incrassatum (Boiss.) Batt.

Article in Press

The objectives of this study were to determine phytochemical screening, phenolic contents, antioxidant and antifungal activities of crude ethanolic extracts from different organs of Bunium incrassatum (Boiss.) Batt. Plant samples were collected from the West of Algeria. Phytochemical tests revealed the presence of phenolic compounds and other several families of chemical constituents. Flavonoids and coumarins were some of...

Author(s):Achraf Khaldi, Rahima Hadjer Gouabi, Kheira Mehdi, Lakhdar Mebarki, Abdellah Moussaoui, Boumedien Meddah

Molecular characterization of high-risk infection vaginal bacteria isolated from pregnant women in CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin)

Article in Press

The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of the genotypic pathogenicity traits of vaginal high-risk infectious bacteria collected in the CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin). To achieve this, a recto-vaginal swab of 42 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy were collected. Species identification was carried out by specific biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested according to the...

Author(s):Haziz Sina, Christine N’tcha, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Gnimdou Gnama-Tchao, Bawa Boya, Akim Socohou, Abdou Ramanou Alao Sanni, Farid Baba-Moussa, Adolphe Adjanohoun, Lamine Baba-Moussa

Fungal contamination of dental appliances: A cross-transversal study

Article in Press

Orthodontic treatment makes necessary to use a longtime fixed-band appliance, it offers suitable conditions for fungal growth, dentures also allow fungal contamination on their surfaces. The aim of our study is the identification of the fungal species colonizing surfaces of dental appliances, the cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 patients wearing dental appliances, during 5 months, and sterile swabs were used...

Author(s):Yassine Merad, Malika Belkacemi, Abdelkrim Messafeur, Derouicha Matmour, Zoubir Belmokhtar, Hichem Derrar, Samira Djaroud, Fatima Zohra Benaissa

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT PATTERN OF BACTERIA IN UNTREATED HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS FROM OFFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

This study determined the prevalence and drug resistant patterns of bacteria isolated from untreated hospital wastewaters collected from selected hospitals in Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A total of 42 composite samples were aseptically collected, transported and analyzed for enumeration of microorganisms, bacteriological identification and susceptibility testing following standard procedures. The...

Author(s):Usman, Kolawole Muftau, Arotupin, Daniel Juwon and Ekundayo, Fatuyi Olanipekun

Seroprevalence and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga Province, Burkina Faso

Article in Press

Background: Bovine brucellosis is a major zoonosis caused by Brucella abortus. It is a disease with a high hygienic and economic impact that mainly affects breeders, handlers and consumers of dairy products and animal health professionals. It is therefore a real public health problem. The objective of this study was to assess seroprevalence and risk behaviour for zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga...

Author(s):Dieudonné Tialla

Etiological and Predictive factors of Acute Meningitis in an Mansoura fever hospital, Egypt

Article in Press

Background: Meningitis is a public health concern, with several responsible etiologic agents that vary by age group and geographical area. The clinical features and Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) examination should determine a presumptive cause of acute meningitis within few hours. This study aimed to highlight the etiological and prognostic factors of acute meningitis in hospitalized febrile patients in Mansoura Fever...

Author(s):Sameh M. Abdel Monem, Hassan A. Shora, Aya M. Al Amely, Naglaa A. Khalifa, Ahmed L. Sharaf

Effects of Processing Operations on the Nutrient Compositions of Odourless ‘fufu’

Article in Press

‘Fufu’ is a starchy staple food usually made from fermented cassava mash. It is characterized by undesirable odour because of the compounds produced due to enzymatic activities of the microorganisms caused inherent objectionable odour, which are produced during fermentation. The actual odour-producing compounds were not characterized, but produced during of fermentation, and not acceptable to the consumer. The biomass of...

Author(s):Babatuyi, C. Y., Boboye, B. E and Fagbemi, T. N.

Urinary Schistosomiasis and Intensity of infection Among Children Attending Kurfi Primary School Sokoto, Nigeria

Article in Press

This study uses cross sectional descriptive design to conduct a research during the corona virus pandemic October 2020 to January 2021, among primary school children and investigate the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infection at Kurfi village, Sokoto state of Nigeria. Two hundred and thirteen urine samples were examined from the school pupils aged between 3 to 20 years. Quantitative microscopic...

Author(s):Nuhu A, Garba I, Iduh MU, Mohammed K, Mohammed KG, Umar IA, Manga SB and A.A. Ngaski

SURVEY ON EFFICIENCY OF INOCULATION METHODS OF PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF THYMUS KOTSCHYANUS

Article in Press

Background: Thyme is one of the most important medicinal plants in wild rangeland in Iran that has lots of benefits. Pseudomonas flourescence is one of the effective plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) as a bioinoculant for medicinal plants. This study aims to survey three inoculation techniques with PGPR on growth and oil content in Thymus kotschyanus for organic cultivation. Material and methods: For this research,...

Author(s):Ali Salehnia Sammak, Mohammad Matinizadeh

EFFECT OF BIOFILMED BIOFERTILIZERS ON POTATO YIELD THROUGH INDUCED SOIL -PLANT INTERACTION IN SRI LANKA

Article in Press

The current study aimed at developing and examining biofilmed biofertilizers (BFBFs) as an ameliorator for potato cultivation by enhancing soil-plant interaction. Fungal-bacterial biofilms, the main ingredient of the BFBFs were developed using soil microorganisms and were screened for their efficacy. The best BFBF coupled with chemical fertilizers were evaluated for potato yield response and soil amelioration by two field...

Author(s):Amila. P. Henagamage, Gamini Seneviratne and Charmalie L Abayasekera

Diagnostic value of 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests 16 years after their adoption in national strategies in the Central African Republic (CAR)

Article in Press

Objective: The broad genetic diversity of HIV requires regular reassessment of adopted HIV diagnostic tests. The objective of this study was to reassess the performances of Determine® HIV 1/2 and Uni-gold® HIV1/2, 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests of the national algorithm, since 2005 in Central African Republic. Methods: A reference prospective panel of 150 plasma samples were tested in duplicate with Determine® HIV 1/2 and...

Author(s):Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Thierry Mbesse, Christielle Bobossi, Coretha Bokia-Baguida, Simplice Arthur Sombot, Nina Esther Ontsira Ngoyi, Hermione Dahlia Mossoro-Kpinde, Rosine Feissona, Gérard Gresenguet

Microbial Genes associated with Methane Metabolism in Smallholder Dairy Cattle

Article in Press

Methane gas is known for its negative environmental impact. To reduce negative methane gas released from dairy cattle, genes responsible for its production should be known and identified. A study with an aim of identifying the microbial genes responsible for methane gas release was undertaken. Samples of cattle’s stool on-farms (Lushoto and Rungwe districts of Tanzania) and a station-based (Kanyariri of Kenya) smallholding...

Author(s): Ngetich K. Denis, Bett C. Rawlynce, Gachuiri K. Charles and Kibegwa M. Felix

OVERVIEW OF BOVINE BRUCELLOSIS AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

Ethiopia is a country with a large potential of livestock production with the greatest count made by cattle though overall production and income generation is below than optimum due to different reasons from which brucellosis comes at front. Therefore, the objective of this article is to review brucellosis and its importance in Ethiopia. The disease is an infectious type characterized by affecting ruminants and human...

Author(s):Mulugeta Sosango, Abrham Markos, Ayichew Teshale

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF SEAWEED MICROBIOME OF SOUTHEAST COAST OF INDIA

Article in Press

The major groups of seaweed such as Padina pavonica and Dictyota dichotoma in Brown algae, Halimeda macroloba and Chaetomorpha antenninain green algae and the Red algae Gracilaria parvispora were examined for the presence of beneficial compounds and activity in symbiotically associated bacteria. Totally 40 isolated colonies were obtained and 10 physically similar strains were randomly selected and evaluate their...

Author(s):SATHYANANTH. M, LEON STEPHAN RAJ T AND AROKIA RAJ S

Effect of Bacteriocins from Lactic Acid Bacteria obtained from Zea mays-based “Ogi” on Foodborne Bacteria from contaminated cabbage

Article in Press

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in Zea mays-based ogi on some foodborne bacteria contaminating cabbage in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Ten (10) samples (5 samples of Zea mays-based ogi and 5 samples of suspected contaminated cabbage heads) were aseptically collected and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Five different Lactobacillus isolates (A, B,...

Author(s):Orji J.O., Amaobi C.B., Ayogu T.E., Moses I.B., Nwachi A.C., Elom E., Uzoh C.V., Otu J.O., Chukwunwejim C.R., Peter I.U., Ezekakpu O.P., Itorobong M.U

Detection of Legionella pneumophila as the Cause of Atypical Pneumonia in the Water Sources of the Holy Places of Makkah

Article in Press

Legionella pneumophila is an important pathogen and is involved in more than 95% of cases of severe atypical pneumonia. The current study focused on the ablution water in the grand mosque in Makkah as well as water tanks in hotels surrounding the holy mosque. A total of 100 water samples were collected from ablution water in the Haram and the hotels in the central area around the grand mosque and sent to the research...

Author(s):Sami S. Ashgar and Hamdi M. Al-Said

Aflatoxigenic potential of Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize seeds, in Burkina Faso

Article in Press

The frequency of occurrence and four principal kinds of aflatoxin concentration in maize seeds grown in Burkina Faso was investigated. Ten (10) samples collected, were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with post-column derivatisation after immunoaffinity column cleanup. Eight strains of Aspergillus section Flavi were previously isolated from these samples and cultivated on “Aspergillus flavus and...

Author(s):Hamidou COMPAORE, Serge SAMANDOULOUGOU, Fidèle W. TAPSOBA, Alima BAMBARA, Hissein RATONGUE, Ignace SAWADOGO, Donatien KABORE, Pane B. OUATTARA-SOURABIE, Hagrétou SAWADOGO-LINGANI

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antibiotic Resistant Gram Negative Bacteria isolated in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Antimicrobial surveillance and identifying the genetic basis of antimicrobial resistance provide important information to optimize patient care. The present study was analytical cross sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of MDR, XDR, PDR and extended-spectrum ?-lactamases genes among Gram-negative bacteria isolated in Saudi Arabia. A total number of 386 non-duplicate Gram-negative isolate were collected....

Author(s):Tarig M.S. Alnour; Elmutuz H. Elssaig; Faisel M. Abuduhier; Khalid A. S. Alfifi; Mohammad S. Abusuliman; Tawfiq Albalawi; Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infectionsamong People Who Inject Drugs in Malindi Sub-County, Kenya

Article in Press

Infections with Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV1/2) are common among HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWIDs). There is scarcity of information on HIV/HTLV-1/2 co-infection among PWIDs.Co-infection is prevalent since the three viruses have comparable transmission pathways and T-lymphocyte tropism. Since HTLV-1 induces an increase in viral replication, HIV infection is worsened as the course to...

Author(s):Caroline ChepkorirKoech, Nancy L.M. Budambula, Eddy O. Odari and Raphael M. Lwembe

Prevalence and Serotypes diversity of Salmonella species in Nile perch (Lates niloticus) of the Lake Victoria, Tanzania

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence, serotypes, antimicrobial resistance and plasmids profiles of Salmonella spp. in Nile perch of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli in water and fish samples were investigated using bacteriological methods. Antimicrobial resistance profiles of Salmonella spp. were determined using the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. A...

Author(s):Mohamed Hamed Sango Ally

Phylogenetic diversity of epibiotic bacteria co-existing with the Kenyan coastal marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya majuscula (Moorea producens)

Article in Press

Lyngbya majuscula is a filamentous marine cyanobacterium that has been reported to be a source of a wide array of natural products. It has been shown to harbor a variety of epibiotic bacteria on its surface. However, the phylogeny of these epibiotic bacteria from the Kenyan Lyngbya majuscula is not well understood. This study aimed at characterizing epibiotic bacteria isolates co-existing with the Kenyan Coastal marine...

Author(s):Joseph M. Mwafaida, Constance D. Nyiro, David M. Mburu and Thomas M. Dzeha

Isolation and characterization of multi-drug resistance bacterial pathogens from diarrheagenic stool in hospitals in Lokoja, Kogi State

Article in Press

In Nigeria, diarrhea is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality among children under five years of age, due to unsafe water supplies, poor sanitation, and hygiene practices. It is also responsible for several hospital admissions in Lokoja, the Confluence city of Kogi State. The conventional antibiotics used for the treatment of these conditions have however been regularly misused and consequently, grossly...

Author(s):Daniel Edisha Garba, Uju M. Esther Dibua, Justus Amuche Nweze and Esther Claire Alechenu

Microbial quality of fermented milk in Ada`a District, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Ada`a district, central Ethiopia to assess the microbial quality of fermented milks. A total of 70 fermented milk samples were collected and tested for microbial analysis from smallholder (40), Bishoftu town cafeteria (20) and modern dairy farms (10). The mean TBC ( Total Bacterial Counts) were 8.4±0.152, 9.2±0.083 and 8.9±0.146 log10 cfu ml-1 for fermented milk from the smallholder dairy,...

Author(s):Bushura Badaso Hama

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Subtype Diversity in Busia, Western Kenya

Article in Press

HIV infection is currently the single biggest epidemic globally. HIV is the etiologic agent for AIDS. HIV is divided into two types: HIV type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV type 2 (HIV-2). HIV-2 is rare and is mainly found in some parts of West Africa, though an increasing number of cases have been recognized in Europe, India, and the United States of America in recent times. HIV-1 accounts for most cases of AIDS. The strains of...

Author(s):James Munyao Kingoo, Anne WT Muigai, Viviene Matiru, Samoel A. Khamadi

Antifungal and Antibacterial activity of the different parts of mature Benincasa hispida against various microbial infectious agents

Article in Press

In this study we assayed on antimicrobial activity of various parts of Benincasa hispida (peel, pulp, waxy coating) of mature and immature winter melon fruits. Various parts of the plant are reported as antibacterial agents worldwide. Leaves, flower, root, seed are the most studied elements as antibacterial agent. Some fruits are also proved antibacterial agent and used as herbal medicine as well as nutritional...

Author(s):Md. Khasrul Alam, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal, Morsed Ajam, Md. Rezuanul Islam

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