African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Article in Press

Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Endophytic Fungi Extracts Isolated from Carissa carandas.

This is the first report of endophytic fungi derived from Carissa carandas producing bioactive compounds in Thailand. The aims of this research were to evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts from endophytic fungi, identify the potential fungal isolates by phylogenetic analysis and analyze the composition of the potential crude extract by GC-MS. The endophytic fungus Nigrospora guilinensis...

Author(s):Preuttiporn Supaphon and Sita Preedanon

Article in Press

Antimicrobial activity of Cotton and Silk fabrics dyed with Datura stramonium (Jimson weed) plant leaf extracts.

Functional finishes are agents that are applied to fabrics to make them suitable for specific uses and contribute a specific attribute to a fabric without altering its appearance. In this context, the present study reveals the importance of dyed fabrics with Datura stramonium plant leaf extracts to control antibiotic - resistant bacteria, which have been a threat to human health and posed noticeable challenges confronted...

Author(s):Alex Musinguzi, Josphat Igadwa Mwasiagi, Aaron Wanyama, Onesmas Gumisiriza

Article in Press

Assessment of Formulations and their Impact on Physiological Characters of Green gram (Vigna radiata) under in-vitro Condition

This study was done to determine the effect of formulations with traditional fertilizers (cow dung and vermi-compost) on root and vegetative growth of green gram under in-vitro condition. The various treatments were done by formulation I, formulation II, Co-formulation (for pending patent, Patent App. No 201741023234), whey, molasses and formulations with traditional fertilizers in various ratios and applied as three...

Author(s):Nanthini PVM, Shahitha S and Palaniswamy M

Article in Press

Putative anti-quorum sensing activity of ethanolic extracts of the mushroom Pycnoporus sanguineus (L.: Fr.) Murr.

Bacterial intercellular communication (quorum sensing - QS), involves the recognition of minimum concentrations of signaling molecules, allowing the modulation of gene expression. QS inhibition is an anti-infective strategy. The mushroom Pycnoporus sanguineus has been usedin superficial infections by Amerindians. Extracts from Amazonian rainforest wild P. sanguineus specimens were tested for the inhibition of QS regulated...

Author(s):Fabiana Silva de Souza, Monique Antunes Negreiros, Maxwel Adriano Abegg

Article in Press

Antibiotic Resistant Phenotypes of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Fresh and Fermented Milk in Parts of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

This work was aimed at determining the occurrence and antibiogram of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from fresh and fermented milk samples in parts of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. A total of 180 samples comprising of fresh raw milk, bulk milk, nono, and kindirmo were collected over a period of 6 months (May to October, 2017). Standard microbiological procedures were employed in the isolation, identification, characterisation,...

Author(s):Aliyu Y., Abdullahi, I.O., Whong, C.M.Z. and Olayinka, B.O.

Article in Press

Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogen isolates from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Determining a pathogen’s spectrum of resistance to antimicrobials is often a critical component in successfully treating bacterial infections. Hence, a cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to May 2014 to determine antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia. Bacteriological...

Author(s):Kemal Kedir Elemo, Kelil Shako Hiko, Gosaye Alemu

Article in Press

Seroprevalence of West Nile Virus and Associated Factors in Borena District, Southern Ethiopia

West Nile virus is a member of genus Flavivirus that cause emerging disease. It is transmitted with mosquitoes, Culex species. No studies have been carried out to determine seroprevalence of WNV antibody in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the WNV seroprevalence and its associated factors in health facilities in the Borena District. An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to...

Author(s): Eshetu Nigussie

Article in Press

Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Klebsiella spp

Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) can be incorporated into various types of antibiotic resistance, such as Klebsiella spp, which can lead to changes in the mucous membranes and skins. Thus, the objective was to synthesize silver nanoparticles and their incorporation into cotton tissues for the testicles against Klebsiella spp. The AgNP colloidal solution was synthesized (AgNO3 - 0.1 mM, 100 mM trisodium citrate,...

Author(s):Kramer Dany G. Kramer

Article in Press

Antimicrobial Resistance Profile of Escherichia coli isolates recovered from Diarrheic patients at Selam Health center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Antimicrobials have been playing an important role in preventing illness and death associated with infections due to bacteria. However, the emergence and spread of resistance by pathogens have decreased the effectiveness of the commonly prescribed antimicrobials. Intestinal E. coli are among bacterial pathogens that are endowed with such resistance traits because they are important source and reservoir of genes that encode...

Author(s):Abebe Aseffa Negeri, Hasan Mamo, Eyasu Tigabu Seyoum, Rajiha Abubeker Ibrahim

Article in Press

Qualitative assessment of Uvaria chamae (bush banana) crude extracts against wound isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus mirabilis; determining the resistance and plasmid profiles of the isolates

Uvaria chamae is a plant used traditionally in treatment of wounds and other ailments. This work was conducted on qualitative assessment of crude extracts of Uvaria chamae against wound isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus mirabilis, determining the resistance and plasmid profiles of the isolates. Standard techniques were employed in crude extraction of roots and leaves of the plant followed by...

Author(s):Dora Imefon Udoh, Ubong Samuel Ekong, Bassey Bassey Etang and NseAbasi Edet Udo

Article in Press

Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Klebsiella Oxytoca Isolated From Urine Samples of Patients Visiting Private Laboratories in Abakaliki Metropolis

Studies have shown that Klebsiella oxytoca is a major cause of infections in humans. Our study was designed to determine the prevalence and antibiotic resistance pattern of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella oxytoca from urine samples of patients visiting private laboratories in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State. A total of 150 mid-steam urine samples of patients visiting three main private laboratories in...

Author(s):Iroha I. R., Oke E. N., Moses I. B., Nwakaeze E. A., Ugbo E. N., Kalu A. C, Onuora A. L., Ude I. U.

Article in Press

Microbial Qualities and Antimicrobial Activities of Apis mellifera L. and Meliponulla beccarii L. Honeys from Kellem and West Wollega Zones, Western Ethiopia

Honey is a natural substance synthesized by honeybees and its biological composition differs among honey types. The aim was to determine the microbial qualities and antimicrobial activities of Apis mellifera and Meliponulla beccarii honeys collected from Kellem and West Wollega Zones. Agar disc and well diffusion were used for antimicrobial susceptibility test while agar dilution was used to determine Minimum Inhibitory...

Author(s):Ofijan Tesfaye, Asnake Dessalegn

Article in Press

Utilization Potential of Quality Protein Maize in Spiced Ogi

The high incidence of protein energy malnutrition among children under 5 years in Nigeria informed this study. Quality Protein Maize (QPM) produces more lysine and tryptophan than most modern varieties of maize. It has been reported to be economically superior to traditional maize. This research focuses on QPM ogi fortified with indigenous food spices in order to improve its health benefits and organoleptic properties. The...

Author(s):Ejigbo EA, Farinde EO and Olanipekun OT

Article in Press

Prevalence of syphilis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Syphilis infection is an important public health problem across the globe, especially in developing countries. In Ethiopia, study findings on the prevalence of syphilis among Ethiopian population are highly dispersed indifferent geographic region and time. The aim of the current review is to conduct revised information about syphilis in Ethiopia. Databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, HINARI...

Author(s):Siraj Hussen, Zemenu Yohannes

Article in Press

Assessment of Mycotoxigenic Mould Contamination on Proximate Composition of Poultry Feeds

The objective of this study was to assess the mycotoxigenic mould contamination on proximate composition of poultry feeds. Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ocheracus and Fusarium verticilloides were the toxigenic moulds used to determine their effect on nutritional parameter of poultry feeds. The results of the chemical composition of the poultry feed before and after contaminated with toxigenic moulds showed that...

Author(s):Jeff-Agboola Yemisi Adefunke, Adeleke Bartholomew Saanu, Jeff-Agboola Excel Oluwajomiloju and Olotu Titilayo Mabel

Article in Press

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Fecal Indicator and Multidrug Resistant Bacteria in a Multiple-Use Fresh Water Lake: The case of Lake Hawassa, Ethiopia

Aquatic environments close to cities are frequently used as sources for water and at the same time overloaded with a variety of pollutants either through direct or indirect discharges of untreated wastes and sewage. Sewage is known to contain pathogenic microorganisms. This circumstance is also worsened by the indiscriminate disposal of untreated wastes, which are often heavily burdened with sewage into vigorously used...

Author(s):Deresse Daka, Hunachew Beyene and Simachew Diress

Article in Press

Airborne bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance patterns in operating theatre and paediatric wards in Botswana hospitals

There is presently no information on the occurrence, abundance and diversity of airborne bacteria in Botswana hospitals. In addition, there is also growing concern in the global spread of antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens that continue to emerge and pose a huge challenge to human health. This study was aimed at; 1) determining the occurrence, relative abundance and diversity of airborne bacterial species. 2)...

Author(s):Lindiwe Tamocha, Mothomang Oyinloye and Teddie O. Rahube

Article in Press

Evaluation of inactivated vaccine against Fowl Cholera developed from local isolates of Pasteurella multocida in Ethiopia

Fowl cholera caused by Pasteurella multocida is among the serious infectious diseases of poultry in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to develop a vaccine from local strains of P.multocida and evaluate its performance. Inactivated vaccine was prepared following the OIE standards in three adjuvant formulations (oil, Alum and Gel). The performance of the different formulations was evaluated at different dose rates (0.5 and...

Author(s):Wubet W, Bitew M, Mamo G, Gelaye E, Tesfaw L, Sori H, Zewdie T, Abayneh T

Article in Press

The prevalence of E.coli and its antibiotic sensitivity test in diarrheic calves from selected dairy farms in Akaki Kality subcity, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted in 9 dairy farms in and around Akaki Kality subcity from November, 2013 to April, 2014 to estimate the prevalence of E. coli from diarrheic calves, assessment of risk factors associated with calf diarrhea and to determine antibiogram of the isolated bacteria. 50 calves, from the nine intensive dairy farms were assessed during the study period. From these 36 (72%) were found to be...

Author(s):Yayesew Wale, Temesgen Kassa

Article in Press

STUDIES ON OPTIMIZATION OF L-GLUTAMINASE PRODUCTION UNDER SUBMERGED FERMENTATION FROM MARINE BACILLUS SUBTILIS JK-79

In the current study, a marine strain Bacillus subtilis JK-79 capable of producing L-glutaminase enzyme, was analyzed for maximal L-glutaminase production. The Plackett-Burman design (PBD) was applied to determine the significant variables. Optimum conditions of the significant variables on L-glutaminase production were determined by the Central Composite Design (CCD) of response surface methodology. Maximum L-glutaminase...

Author(s):JAMBULINGAM KIRUTHIKA, SARANYA MURUGESAN

Article in Press

Group B Streptococcus serotype distribution and colonization rate among pregnant women and their newborns at Adama Hospital Medical College, Ethiopia

Group B Streptococcus is the leading cause of neonatal disease. This study was sought to determine colonization rate of GBS among pregnant women, and their newborns, serotypes distribution, and vertical transmission rate. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Adama Hospital Medical College from June 2014 to October 2014. A total of 280 pregnant women and their newborns were screened for colonization with...

Author(s):Musa Mohammed Ali, Yimtubezinash Woldeamnuel Mulate, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Demissie Assegu Fenta, Tolossa Eticha Chaka, Muluwork Tefera Dinberu, Eskinder Kebede Weldetensaye, Samson Jamal Ismael, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

Article in Press

Nasal carriage enterotoxgenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handlers working in Hawassa University student cafeteria: cross sectional study

Food borne diseases are major health problems globally. Food handlers are potential causes of foodborne infections. It is estimated that 30-50% of the human population carries Staphylococcus aureus and its main habitat is the nasopharynx. This study aimed to determine the nasal carriage of enterotoxogenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handler working in Hawassa university referral Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. A cross...

Author(s):Mesfin Worku, Anteneh Amsalu, Demissie Assegu, Techalew Shimelis, Mengistu Hailemariam

Article in Press

Isolation And Screening Of Antifungal Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria From Pro-Vitamin A Cassava

Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) are non-pathogenic bacteria reported to play essential role in preservation, fermentation and contribute to organoleptic and textural profile of food items. This study investigated antifungal producing LAB during fermentation of Pro-vitamin A and white cassava variety which were used against spoilage mould of cassava products (garri, lafun and fufu). One white cassava variety (IITA TMS IBA 30572...

Author(s):Bamigbade, G. B., Omemu, A. M., Oluwafemi, F. and Obadina, A. O.

Article in Press

The Potential Role of Natural Products in the Management of Fungus Infection and Their Mechanism of Action: A Review

Fungal infection initially was recognized to cause dermatophytoses and thrush which affects the quality of life. Then subsequently pathogenic fungi were acknowledged to cause severe life threatening infections especially to those who are immunocompromised. Not only these infections increase morbidity and mortality, but they also cause more hospital stays and a financial burden. There are currently few antifungals in use,...

Author(s):Aisyah Badhrulhisham, P. M. Ridzuan, C.N. Abdul Rassip, Salwani Ismail, Nor Iza A. Rahman, Shariff Halim, Baharudin Roesnita

Article in Press

Frequency of Hepatitis B Suface Antigen Seropositivity in Apparently Healthy Individuals Attending Two Medical Facilities in Southwest, Nigeria

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a small enveloped DNA virus of the Hepadnaviridae family associated with infection of the liver, and a major public health problem globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in apparently healthy individuals attending Federal Medical Centre, Owo and Don Bosco Medical Diagnostic Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Socio-demographic status of the individuals...

Author(s):Ogunlana, D. O., Olalemi, A. O. and Oladunmoye, M. K.

Article in Press

Molecular Characterization of Water-borne Multi-drug Resistant Escherichia coli

Antibiotics are very important in the fight against infectious disease caused by bacteria and other microbes for decades. Today microbes have developed ways to resist antimicrobial agents targeted at them. We sought to characterize and simultaneously detect virulence genes associated water-borne antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli, obtained from water sampled from ground and surface water sources. The Analytical...

Author(s):Stephen T. Odonkor and Kennedy K. Addo

Article in Press

Mycoflora and mould counts on the leaves of Terminalia catappa , a common food package material in two south western cities in Nigeria

The leaves of Terminallia catappa (almond leave) have been used as a local package material for food in Nigeria for ages without the knowledge of the micro-organisms that inhabit the leaves. Fungi associated with disinfected and non- disinfected leaves of Terminallia catappa from two ancient cities in Nigeria were investigated. Results shows fungi and yeast inhabit the leaves and they includes Aspergillus niger, A. flavus,...

Author(s):Badmos A.O and Oni E.O

Article in Press

EFFECT OF ABATTOIR WASTES ON STREAM QUALITY IN THE BOLGATANGA MUNICIPALITY, GHANA -WEST AFRICA

This research was undertaken to determine abattoir wastes effect on the stream quality along Kollaa stream in Sawaba area of Bolgatanga municipality. The study also determined the microbiological quality and some physicochemical parameters of the stream that takes delivery of untreated waste from the abattoir and extent of pollution through discharge of waste from abattoir sites into stream water. Three water samples were...

Author(s):Adetunde, L. A., Diedong Patience and Ninkuu V.

Article in Press

Isolation and characterization of a lytic bacteriophage (VB_PAnP_PADP4) against MDR-P.aeruginosa isolated from septic wound infections

Resistance to multiple drugs by pathogens has become the sweltering problem for the treatment of bacterial infections. To overcome this problem of drug resistance, several diversified bacteriophages can be used as one of the alternatives and attractive approaches. The present study aims to detect, isolate and partially characterize the bacteriophage used against MDR-P.aeruginosa isolated from wound infections. A total...

Author(s):Roja Rani Pallavali, Vijaya Lakshmi Degati, Narala Venkata Rami Reddy,

Article in Press

Plasmid mediated antimicrobial resistance in faecal coliforms isolated from rural drinking water in India

The thermotolerant coliforms (201) isolated from various sources of drinking water were studied for antibiotic sensitivity and tolerance to heavy metals. Predominant resistance to bacitracin, vancomycin, and ampicillin was detected among thermotolerant coliform species. Forty one percent strains of thermotolerant coliforms were found to be multiple antibiotics resistant (MAR). All strains of Escherichia coli were found...

Author(s):Suman Upadhyaya, Pramod W Ramteke and Shashank Tewari

Article in Press

Integrated management of bacterial wilt of ginger incited by Ralstonia solanacearum

An experiment was conducted to find out the integrated management of Ralstonia solanacearum infecting ginger. Two antibiotics, two biocontrol agents, one phytoextract and one organic amendment and their combination were used. The average reduction in pre emergence seed rot and post emergence seedling mortality recorded with all the treatments tested ranged from 16.50 to 80.39% over untreated. However, significantly highest...

Author(s):Roop Singh and G. P. Jagtap

Article in Press

Production of bioactive compounds by Streptomyces spp. MPO-4 isolated from Amazonian soil with antifungal activity against filamentous fungi and yeasts

This study evaluated the antifungal potential of Streptomyces species MPO-4 isolated from the rhizosphere soil de Aniba parviflora Syn fragans (Macacaporanga) by Agar block technique. Secondary metabolites were obtained in the fermentation broth followed by solvent extraction with ethyl acetate, for further evaluation of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the crude extract against Postia placenta, Rhizoctonia...

Author(s):Silvia Katrine Silva Escher, Adrielle Leal Dias, José Jeosafá Vieira de Sousa Júnior, Alexandre Escher Boger, Denise Castro Lustosa, Sara Freitas de Sousa, Juliane Karine Ishida, Tsai Siu Mui, Janete Magali de Araújo and Elba Lúcia Cavalcante de Amorim

Article in Press

Microbiological analysis of bacterial рathogens detected from toilet door handles on Baze University Campus Abuja Nigeria

Contracting infectious diseases from microbial contaminated toilet door handles is a potential threat to public health and safety. Therefore we performed microbiological screening of toilet door handles in twelve рublic toilets on Baze University campus for bacterial contamination. Biochemical analysis of bacterial isolates from entrance toilet door handles in six building blocks on Baze University camрus, revealed a...

Author(s):Olatunbosun Olawoye Alonge; Bilkisu Muhammed Auwal; Mercy Itohan Aboh; Fatima Muhktar Mairami

Article in Press

Biocontrol agents against plant diseases

This review article emphasis that biological control is one of the substitutes to chemical method for the usage of antagonistic micro-organism to suppress disease causing plant pathogens. Plant and pathogens come up different interactions in their life cycles which significantly determine the fate of plant health. Biological control agents have a series of different mechanisms to suppress plant pathogens which depends on...

Author(s):Muhammad Riaz,WangYong, Muhammad Wajid Javed

Article in Press

Antagonistic activity of marine Bacillus licheniformis KKR against human pathogens

Pathogens are gradually becoming more resistant to conventional antibiotics as a consequence; the emergence of infectious diseases is becoming a serious threat to the public health. Thus, there is a need for new antibiotics with an alternative mode of action through novel chemical structure. Marine microorganisms are of considerable importance as new promising sources of a huge number of biologically active products than...

Author(s):Kongarasi K., Karthik Sundaram S., Sankar R. and Muneeswaran T.

Article in Press

Chitinolytic activity and feeding deterrence effects of new recombinants from Bacillus thuringiensis against larvae of Spodoptera littoralis

In this investigation the toxicity effect of eight transconjugants, four strains of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and Serratia marcescence on larval body weight of Egyptian cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis were evaluated. S. marcescens produced a huge amount of chitinase in short time because of complete hydrolysis of colloidal chitin in agar medium. This enables this strain to be used in this study as a donor strain...

Author(s): El- Adl A. M., Zaied K. A., Kawther S. Kash, ElSayed A. I. and Mervat I. Kamal

Article in Press

Phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of bulbs essential oil of Allium roseum var. grandiflorum subvar. typicum Regel., growing wild in Tunisia

This study reports for the first time, the chemical composition, antibacterial and antifungal activities of the essential oil extracted by hydrodistillation from the bulbs of Allium roseum L. var. grandiflorum Briq. subvar. typicum Regel. In total, 25 compounds, representing 86.5% of the total oil composition, were identified by GC and GC/MS analyses. Sulfurous compounds were detected in appreciable amounts (68.8%) for the...

Author(s):Lamia Sakka Rouis-Soussi, Asma El Ayeb, Naima Boughalleb, Guido Flamini and Fethia Harzallah-Skhiri

Article in Press

Nosocomial outbreak of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in a liver transplant unit: Evaluation and control

A nosocomial outbreak of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia serogroup 1 occurred in three patients in the liver transplant unit of Gastroenterology Surgical Center (GEC). L. pneumophilia was recovered from the hospital water supply system just before the outbreak. Following Legionella detection in the hospital water supply system, we studied the presence of Legionnaires’ disease in patients with clinically suspected hospital...

Author(s):Dalia Moemen and Mohamed Elsaadany

Article in Press

Growth medium formulation for sporulation of Phytophthora megakarya affecting cocoa

Materials were locally sourced to formulate growth media for culturing of Phytophthora megakarya pathogen of black pod disease of cacao. This scarcity of canned V8 juice necessitates this study with the objective to develop an alternative medium locally formulated from vegetables, evaluate and compare them with other media in supporting the growth and sporulation of P. megakarya. Formulated medium was compared with Potato...

Author(s):Adeji, A. O., Adeniyi, D. O., Dongo, L. N. and Orisajo, S. B.

Article in Press

Incidences of fungal infection in fishes of Upputeru creek of Kolleru lake, Andhra Pradesh, India - Natural and artificial challenge

The aim of the present study was to investigate the fungal infection in fishes of Upputeru Creek of Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh and the percentage of infection of various species of fishes. A total number of 1400 fishes were screened and fungal infected fish samples were brought to laboratory in sterilized plastic bags and kept in glass aquaria to observe the symptoms of infected fishes. Identification of various species...

Author(s):Mastan S. A.

Article in Press

Chromium (VI) reduction by bacteria isolated from tannery effluent in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

The removal of the highly toxic heavy metal, chromium (VI), from industrial effluents before their discharge into the environment presents serious challenges to industries. Many industries use chemical and physical methods to remove the metal from their effluents before their discharge into the environment. However, such methods, despite their efficiency and reliability, are not environmentally friendly. On the contrary,...

Author(s):Ngonidzashe Mangoma and Jean Tsitsi Chigova

Article in Press

Diversity study of indigenous thermophilic laccase producing bacteria from hot water springs of Himachal Pradesh

Laccases (EC: 1.10.3.2) are known to be produced by a variety of bacteria and fungi and their applications at industrial level have stimulated interest to explore their lignolytic activity in several microbes to be used as bio-resources. In this study, laccase degrading bacterial colony characterization visual inspection was carried out and irregular, circular shape, brown, red, pinkish and creamish colour was found....

Author(s):Ruchika Sharma, Anish Sharma and Poonam Shirkot

Article in Press

Comparison of qualitative and quantitative methods for isolation of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms

Phosphate solubilizing bacteria possess the ability to solubilize insoluble phosphate to soluble forms by enhancing the nutrient status of the soil. This process not only compensates increasing cost of phosphatic fertilizers but also minimizes the negative environmental impacts associated with the application of inorganic fertilizers. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) were screened based on the size of a halo/clear...

Author(s):Hettiarachchi R. H. A. N. and Walpola B. C.

Article in Press

Screening for phosphate solubilization potential of two rhizospheric fungi

Microbes are known as an important natural phosphate solubilizing agent in rhizospheric soil. Therefore, the phosphate solubilization potential of two selected fungi, viz., Aspergillus fumigatus and Fusarium oxysporum isolated from rhizospheres of Acer oblongum and Cupressus torulosa, respectively were screened for the present study. Phosphate solubilization potential of selected fungi was observed by solubilization index...

Author(s):S. C. Sati, P. Pant, P. Kumar

Article in Press

Microbial quality of traditional and industrial yoghurts: A review

Milk and dairy products consists a part of the nutrition pyramid . Dairy products may be contaminated with various bacteria and fungi. Investigation has demonstrated that the contamination in traditionally processed yoghurts were higher than industrially processed ones. The main purpose of this review was to collect data from studies on microbial quality of probiotic and non-probiotic yoghurts. Data reported adverse...

Author(s):Mahsa Khaleghi, Aziz Homayouni Rad, Haniyeh Rasouli Pirouzian, Mina Javadi, Hossein Samadi Kafil

Article in Press

Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter species isolates from human stools and poultry on free range during the three seasons in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria

Campylobacter species are among the most leading bacterial causes of gastroenteritis with its associated public health and economic challenges worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter species in poultry on free range and humans during the three seasons in Sokoto state and determine the resistance of the isolates to commonly used and abused antibiotics. Cloacal and faecal swabs were...

Author(s):Innocent Okwundu Nwankwo and Mohammed Danladi Salihu

Article in Press

Fermentation properties and monacolin K formation by Monascus spp in brewing rice wine

Objectives To improve the content of monacolin K in rice wine, fermentation properties and monacolin K formation by red yeast rice collected from Southern China were studied while brewing new functional rice wine . Results Red yeast rice Ⅰ and red yeast rice Ⅲ have fast fermentation dynamics. The content of monacolin K is higher in red yeast rice Ⅰ that can be up to 0.86 ug / ml; the rice wine brewed by the red yeast...

Author(s):Zhipeng Wang •Zhaoyang Qin•Cuicui Wang • Guomin Wang • Hairu Jin

Article in Press

Antibacterial, muscle relaxant, and hypnotic effects of seeds of Peganum harmala on mice

Peganum harmala seed extract has been frequently reported to posses antibacterial potential through invivo studies. Peganum harmala L. (Zygophyllaceae) is one of the most famous medicinal plants used in traditional medicine of Iraq. The harmaline, harmalol and harmine exerted many pharmacodynemic effect on the central nervous system, ranged between stimulation and depression depending on the dose. Peganum harmala indicate...

Author(s):Thamer Mutlag Jasim

Article in Press

Characterization of microorganisms isolated from ruminant fermented water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) feed

The aim of this study was to determine the number of bacteria and fungi in the fermentation process and characterization of these microorganisms. There were several steps in this research including production of fermented feed, isolation of indigenous microorganisms, purification, characterization of microorganisms, species identification and test of cellulolytic activity. Results showed that eight bacteria and four fungi...

Author(s):Isnawati, Guntur Trimulyono

Article in Press

Chemical compositions, in vitro antibacterial behavior and antioxidant effect of volatile oil and phenolic extracts from wild Juniperus phoenicea L. growing in Southwest of Algeria

This work examines the chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of four phenolic extracts and essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea L. (cuprecaceae) aerial parts growing spontaneously in el Bayedh region of southwestern Algeria. The hydro-distillated essential oil from this plant was characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This oil is mainly composed of monoterpene and...

Author(s):Ghouti Dalila, Lazouni Hamadi Abderrahmane, Moussaoui Abdallah and Chabane Sari Daoudi

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