African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Article in Press

Heat shock impact on the growth of Bacillus spp. (SUBB01) and its surveillance in minimal medium at shaking condition

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a family of proteins that are produced by all living organisms in response to exposure to stressful condition. The present study extended by physiological rummage on Bacillus spp. (SUBB01) under aeration on diverse culture media with the high-temperature disclosure at 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 53 and 54 °C. Bacterial growth was measured through the enumeration of the viable and culturable growing...

Author(s):Mahenaj Alo, Asif Shahriar, Talha Bin Emran, Arkajyoti Paul and Md. Zia Uddin

Article in Press

ANTIBIOGRAM OF SOME BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM PROCESSED TIGER-NUT BEVERAGE (KUNUN-AYA) SOLD IN THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS COMMUNITY PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA

An investigation was conducted to determine the antibiogram of some bacterial species isolated from locally processed Tiger-nut drink “Kunun-Aya” sold in University of Jos. The isolation, identifications, bacteria counts and antibiotic resistance pattern of the isolates against some antibiotics were done using Standard microbiological techniques. The bacteriological analyses revealed the presence of three genera of...

Author(s):Pandukur SG, Danshak DT, Plangnan GA, Bala DA, and Itelima JU

Article in Press

Passive surveillance of clinical poultry diseases in an upazila government veterinary hospital of Bangladesh

The present study aimed to investigate clinical poultry diseases in an upazila government veterinary hospital of Bangladesh through passive surveillance and to know the frequency distribution of antimicrobial drugs prescription pattern. The study was conducted in Ramu upazila government veterinary hospital under Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh from February to March, 2016. A total of 180 cases including 73 broiler, 84...

Author(s):Abdullah Al Momen Sabuj, Tamim Mahmud, Nanda Barua, Md. Ashiqur Rahman, Md. Saiful Islam, Md. Akramul Bary

Article in Press

High frequency of Torque Teno virus (TTV) among Egyptian hemodialysis patients

Very little reports are yet available for the infection rate of Torque Teno virus (TTV) among hemodialysis patients in Upper Egypt. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the frequency and the possible genotypes of TTV in chronic renal failure patients undergoing dialysis. This cross-sectional study was carried out between August 2016 and February 2017 in three haemodialysis units in Minia, Egypt. Blood samples were...

Author(s):Noha A Hassuna, Medhat Abdel-Fattah, Shrouk Omran, Wael M AbdelGhanie and Rasha F Ahmed, Reham Ali Ibrahem

Article in Press

Assessment of drugs pressure on Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp uropathogens in patients attending Abobo-Avocatier Hospital, North of Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)

The problem of antibiotic resistance of uropathogens appears in Abobo municipality to be worsening because of the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. This study aims to assess the impact of drugs pressure on uropathogenic Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp strains isolated from patients attending Abobo-Avocatier Hospital. The study was conducted in patients suffering from urinary tract infection. Urine samples of patients...

Author(s):Innocent Allepo ABE, Mathurin KOFFI, Paulin Didier SOKOURI, Bernardin Ahouty AHOUTY, Martial Kassi N’DJETCHI, Siriki SIMARO, Edwige Abla SOKOURI, Barkissa TRAORE, Thomas Konan KONAN, William YAVO, Sanogo Abiba TIDOU, Simon-Pierre N’GUETTA

Article in Press

GC-MS Analysis of Bioactive Compounds and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity of the extracts of Daedalea elegans – A Nigerian Mushroom

Phytochemicals are naturally occurring compounds present in varying levels in plants and help significantly in protecting them against pathogens. The chemical composition of acetone and ethanolic extracts of Daedalea elegans were determined using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Twenty-eight and fourty-four compounds were identified in the acetone and ethanolic extracts respectively. Only four compounds were found to...

Author(s):Grace Oluwatoyin Mensah-Agyei; Kolawole IfeOluwa Ayeni; Cajethan Onyebuchi Ezeamagu

Article in Press

Characterization of bacterial pathogens associated with milk microbiota in Egypt

Milk is a substantial source of nutrients needed by all humans across lifespan development. Given its nutritional composition, milk is considered as a vehicle for various microbes including beneficial and pathogenic bacteria. In our study, we tested 270 milk samples comprising raw cow and buffalo milk and pasteurized milk with different shelf-life durations along with pasteurized organic milk for the presence of E. coli...

Author(s):Hager Yehia Shalaby, Kholoud Baraka, Madiha Salah Ibrahim, Eman Mohammad Khalaf

Article in Press

Assessment of Microbiological Quality and Drug Resistance Patterns of Raw Vegetables Irrigated with Hasassa River, West Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Irrigation scheme is among major transmission modes of enteric human pathogens. Irrigation of vegetables with polluted water and untreated wastewater is a common practice worldwide. This practice is common in urban areas of low-income countries including Ethiopia, where there is increasing demands for fresh vegetables with poor wastewater treatment. The aim of the present study was to assess the microbial quality and...

Author(s):Edao Gelgelu, Zerihun Belay, Bayissa Chala

Article in Press

Impact of vessels on sediment transport and diversity in Lake Taihu, China

In shallow lakes waves from different sources play a major role in sediment transport and the release of associated nutrients. This study was conducted to analyze the impacts of waves generated by wind or vessels, on nutrient concentrations and microbial diversity in China’s third largest lake, Taihu. The study area fixed at 100m length sailing vessel and 10m width from place water samples collected, near the Taihu...

Author(s):Qhtan Asmaa, Yiping Li

Article in Press

Current Review on the Gut Microbiota on Human Health, Disease and Attainment of the Human Gut Microbiota

Over 100 trillion symbiotic microorganisms live on and within human beings and have a diverse function in human health and disease. But there are a variety of environmental and other factors that affect intestinal microbial dysbiosis, which has a close relationship with human health and disease. The pathogen microbes colonize intestinal mucosa this leading in the induction of a strong inflammatory response, followed by the...

Author(s):Mesele Admassie and Fassil Assefa

Article in Press

Screening of Fungal Contaminants in Tissue Culture Banana Cultures at Jkuat, Kenya

Tissue culture is prone to high costs of production arising from losses incurred from fungal contamination. The aim of the study was to characterise fungal contaminants and elucidate the exhibited mode of resistance to most preferred sterilants. Twenty nine fungal samples were collected at the different stages of tissue culture growth, using purposive sampling technique. Morphology results were confirmed by molecular...

Author(s):Eunice M. Kithaku, Anne W.T. Muigai, Johnstone O. Neondo, and Cecilia M. Mweu

Article in Press

Probiotics Lactobacillus strains: A promising alternative therapy against to biofilm-forming enteropathogenic bacteria?

Biofilms formation stands out in context of persistent intestinal infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae, which are associated with a high resistance to antimicrobial agents’ and phagocytosis by host defense cells. Hence, understanding the mechanisms involved in this process becomes major for the development of new preventive and therapeutic strategies. Lactic acid bacteria, including species of the genus Lactobacillus,...

Author(s):Mariane Silveira Magalhães Fernandes, Maria Leilah Monte Coelho Lourenço, Brendda Miranda Vasconcelos, Victor Alves Carneiro

Article in Press

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus species for the production of lipopeptides and its in vitro management against root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita

Bacillus species are found to be abundant in the terrestrial ecosystem. In this study, native Bacillus species associated with different horticultural crops growing in different districts of Tamil Nadu were isolated and identified. In total of 40 isolates collected, 30 isolates were identified as Bacillus species using morphological and biochemical characterization. These 30 Bacillus isolates were investigated for their...

Author(s):SANKARI MEENA

Article in Press

Antibacterial Activity of Marine Yeasts by Resazurin Assay

Resazurin is an oxidation–reduction indicator used for the evaluation of cell growth, particularly in various cytotoxicity assays. It has been used over five decades to monitor bacterial and yeast contamination of milk, and also for assessing semen quality. This chemical reduction is mainly used in viability assays for mammalian cells. In the present study, antibacterial activity of marine yeasts is assessed by using...

Author(s):Senthil raja P

Article in Press

Response of Phosphorus Levels and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Inoculation on Bacillus and Pseudomonas population in Normal and Saline Soil

Phosphorus (P) is an important plant nutrient, play role as energy currency. Its limited reserves and lower P concentration enhanced the cost of manufacturing and reduced cost benefit ratio in crop production. Use of alternative P sources and mobilizer are emphasis by researcher. In this manuscript, use of graded dose of P in combination phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) (T1 : Absolute control; T2 : Recommended dose of...

Author(s):H. M. Meena

Article in Press

Determination of staphylococcal species in raw cow milk and associated risk factors in urban dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Staphylococci species are important milk-borne zoonotic pathogens. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of staphylococci in milk, cow skin, milkers’ hands and equipment, as well as to assess the farm hygiene and pre-milking practices in dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A total of 604 milk and cow skin as well as swab samples (n=44) were also collected from personnel and milk containers....

Author(s):TESFAYE SISAY TESSEMA, Mezgebu Merid, Girma Zewde, Berhanu Sibhat

Article in Press

Plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria play important role for the growth of plant. Till date many rhizobacterial species are identified by scientific community which are responsible for many complex biological processes with plant root. Rhizospheric bacteria cultivated mainly in yeast extract mannitol agar YEMA, many of which are the identified as nitrogen fixing strain. The nitrogen fixing ability of such babteria is shown...

Author(s):PANKAJ PANKAJ

Article in Press

Evaluation of Common bean germplasm for resistance to Angular Leaf Spot Disease (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferraris) under natural conditions

Breeding programmes for resistance to angular leaf spot (ALS) in common bean have relied on a range of sources of resistance. However, due to the occurrence of many different races of the pathogen, the sources of resistance may not always be effective in all the regions. This study was conducted to identify new sources of resistance to ALS. A total of Seventy five genotypes of common bean were screened for resistance...

Author(s):S M Razvi, Mushtaq Ahmad, M A Bhat, B A Paddar, S A Ganie

Article in Press

In vitro screening and characterization of endophytic bacteria from root and nodule of Cicer arietinum L.

Endophytic bacteria are able to live inside the plant tissue for enhancing plant growth without any negative effect. A total of forty endophytic bacteria were isolated from different tissues of chickpea and in vitro screening was done for biochemical tests and different plant growth promotion activities, that is, indole acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA) production, and phosphate solubilization. On the basis of...

Author(s):Harsimranjeet Kaur, Poonam Sharma and Kailash Chand

Article in Press

Performance of microbial inoculants and mineral amendments for producing high quality compost from recycling plant residues

The present work aimed at studying the use of some bioaccelerator, namely Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Serratia species, Pseudomonas fluorescence and Bacillus polymyxa, together with mineral materials, that is, dolomite, feldspar, rock phosphate, bentonite, and elemental sulfur, for production of a high quality compost at a reduced time of processing. Plant residues composting 40% rice straw + 40% maize...

Author(s):Mohamed Ahmed El-Howeity and Shaban Shehata El-Bohy

Article in Press

Determination of fungal opportunistic pathogens in HIV/AIDS patients attending Pepfar Clinic in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Fungal infections, also called mycoses, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in humans. Fungal opportunistic pathogens can lead to many of the complications seen in advanced HIV disease and are commonly identified in HIV-infected populations with decreased immune function. This research was therefore aimed at determining the opportunistic fungal infections associated with HIV/AIDS patients receiving...

Author(s):Bukar A. M., Uba A., Yusuph H., Zailani S. B. and Digima A.

Article in Press

Study of microbial quality of four major seed spices grown in western semi-arid region of India

Seed spices are mature, dried seeds of plants used primarily for seasoning and flavouring foods. In this investigation, three different sets of four major seed spices samples viz. coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) were collected. These sample sets include first set of sample from the local farm produce, second set of branded sample...

Author(s):B. K. Mishra, B. Singh, K. Kant, J. K. Ranjan and P. N. Dubey

Article in Press

Effect of soil factors on incidence of cumin wilt and survival of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cumini

Investigations were carried out to study the effect of soil temperature, moisture, nutritional factors and organic amendments on wilt incidence due to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini (FOC) in cumin and survival of F. oxysporum f. sp. cumini under greenhouse/controlled conditions. Soil temperature and moisture significantly (p

Author(s):Suresh Kumar and S. Gangopadhyay

Article in Press

Characterization of novel endophytic Bacillus spp. from rice exhibiting plant growth promoting and antifungal activities against Rhizoctonia solani

Plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria (PGPE) influences the plant growth by various direct mechanisms. To look for efficient PGPE strains having multiple activities, 80 bacterial isolates were isolated from different tissues of rice obtained from major rice growing districts of Tamil Nadu. From 80 isolates, 20 efficient bacterial isolates were selected based on their plant growth promoting traits like production of...

Author(s):D. Durgadevi, S. Harish, D. Alice and T. Raguchander

Article in Press

Investigation of bla PER-1, bla VEB-1 and bla PSE-1 beta-lactamase genes among ESBL positive isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from intensive care unit patients

Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates are intrinsically resistant to many antibiotics such as novel β-lactam antibiotics and therefore, can develop resistance during treatment, culminating in high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to detect the genes encoding class A ESBLs of bla PER-1, bla- VEB-1 and bla- PSE-1 among clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa among ICU patients. In this study, a total of 65 clinical...

Author(s):Elham Davodian, Abdolmajid Ghasemian and Nourkhoda Sadeghifard

Article in Press

Baker’s yeast: A review

Baker’s yeast is the most widespread food microbial starter. Its main function is to produce gas, more specifically to raise dough made from flour and to provide bakery products with an aerated structure. Since the beginnings of the baker’s yeast industry, much effort has been devoted to optimize growth conditions to get high biomass yield in fermentation tanks and gassing power in dough. However, there is a limit to the...

Author(s):P. Saranraj and P. Sivasakthivelan

Article in Press

Prevalence of HEV Markers among Healthy and Patients Persons with Hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has a worldwide distribution and represents an important cause of acute hepatitis. This study aims to investigate the frequency of HEV infection, and risk factors associated with this infection in healthy individual and patients with hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt. Samples were collected from different governorates (Luxor, Assuit, Aswan and Sohag governorates) in Upper Egypt. Serum...

Author(s):A.M. El-Adly

Article in Press

Isolation and characterization of potential phosphate solubilizing bacteria in two regions of Senegal

Many soils of the inter-tropical regions are P-deficient because of their high fixing power and low P content. Rock phosphate resources used to produce the phosphate fertilizers are exhausted and chemical fertilizer are causing environmental degradation. This issue raised the question of sustainability of fertilization and subsequently has enhanced the interest in the use of microorganisms as biofertilizers. The aim of...

Author(s):Christian Valentin Nadiéline; Mame Farma Ndiaye; Saliou Fall; Tatiana Krasova; Antoine Le Quéré and Diégane Diouf

Article in Press

Effect of Depth of the Borehole on the Microbiological Quality of Water: A case of three Districts in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

The effect of depth of the borehole on the microbiological quality of the borehole water consumed in Ilala, Temeke and Ubungo districts of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania was investigated. A total of 48 samples were collected and subjected to total coliforms, Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) analyses. Data was statistically analyzed and separated using Tukey‘s Honest test at p

Author(s):Lucy Mlipano CHOVE and Richard John MONGI

Article in Press

THE ANTAGONISTIC EFFECTS OF Lactobacillus sp AND CERTAIN FUNGI FROM TERMITE NESTS ON KOLANUT TREES AGAINST PEDIATRIC PATHOGENS

Respondents in a rural suburb of Akure jettisoned antibiotic treatment; sought alternative cure to rising incidence of pediatric infections in 2017 from local herbal dealers, with many respondents claiming of better treatment response. Investigation of these claims were carried out since the local herbal formula included kola nut barks and ground termites. Hence, characterization of microorganisms associated with termite...

Author(s):Afolami, O. I, Oladunmoye, M. K, Arogunjo, A. O, Aribisala, J. O, Ajayi-Moses, O. B, Gabriel, P. O, Bhadmus, O. C, Wasiu, O. S, and Owoyemi, O. O.

Article in Press

Diketopiperazine alkaloids produced by the endophytic fungus Penicillium citrinum and evaluation of their antileishmanial activity

Chromatographic fractionation of the antileishmanial extract obtained from fermentation of the endophytic fungus Penicillium citrinum, isolated from leaves of Ageratum myriadenia, yielded three diketopiperazine alkaloids; cyclo(L-Pro-L-Leu) (1), cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Phe) (2) and tryprostatin B (3). The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic methods and comparison with the literature....

Author(s):Luiza Guimarães Tunes, Vívian Nicolau Gonçalves, Daniela Nabak Bueno, Carlos Leomar Zani, Luiz Henrique Rosa, Betania Barros Cota

Article in Press

Antimicrobial activity of Cotton and Silk fabrics dyed with Datura stramonium (Jimson weed) plant leaf extracts.

Functional finishes are agents that are applied to fabrics to make them suitable for specific uses and contribute a specific attribute to a fabric without altering its appearance. In this context, the present study reveals the importance of dyed fabrics with Datura stramonium plant leaf extracts to control antibiotic - resistant bacteria, which have been a threat to human health and posed noticeable challenges confronted...

Author(s):Alex Musinguzi, Josphat Igadwa Mwasiagi, Aaron Wanyama, Onesmas Gumisiriza

Article in Press

Assessment of Formulations and their Impact on Physiological Characters of Green gram (Vigna radiata) under in-vitro Condition

This study was done to determine the effect of formulations with traditional fertilizers (cow dung and vermi-compost) on root and vegetative growth of green gram under in-vitro condition. The various treatments were done by formulation I, formulation II, Co-formulation (for pending patent, Patent App. No 201741023234), whey, molasses and formulations with traditional fertilizers in various ratios and applied as three...

Author(s):Nanthini PVM, Shahitha S and Palaniswamy M

Article in Press

Putative anti-quorum sensing activity of ethanolic extracts of the mushroom Pycnoporus sanguineus (L.: Fr.) Murr.

Bacterial intercellular communication (quorum sensing - QS), involves the recognition of minimum concentrations of signaling molecules, allowing the modulation of gene expression. QS inhibition is an anti-infective strategy. The mushroom Pycnoporus sanguineus has been usedin superficial infections by Amerindians. Extracts from Amazonian rainforest wild P. sanguineus specimens were tested for the inhibition of QS regulated...

Author(s):Fabiana Silva de Souza, Monique Antunes Negreiros, Maxwel Adriano Abegg

Article in Press

Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogen isolates from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Determining a pathogen’s spectrum of resistance to antimicrobials is often a critical component in successfully treating bacterial infections. Hence, a cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to May 2014 to determine antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia. Bacteriological...

Author(s):Kemal Kedir Elemo, Kelil Shako Hiko, Gosaye Alemu

Article in Press

Seroprevalence of West Nile Virus and Associated Factors in Borena District, Southern Ethiopia

West Nile virus is a member of genus Flavivirus that cause emerging disease. It is transmitted with mosquitoes, Culex species. No studies have been carried out to determine seroprevalence of WNV antibody in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the WNV seroprevalence and its associated factors in health facilities in the Borena District. An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to...

Author(s): Eshetu Nigussie

Article in Press

Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Klebsiella spp

Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) can be incorporated into various types of antibiotic resistance, such as Klebsiella spp, which can lead to changes in the mucous membranes and skins. Thus, the objective was to synthesize silver nanoparticles and their incorporation into cotton tissues for the testicles against Klebsiella spp. The AgNP colloidal solution was synthesized (AgNO3 - 0.1 mM, 100 mM trisodium citrate,...

Author(s):Kramer Dany G. Kramer

Article in Press

Microbial Qualities and Antimicrobial Activities of Apis mellifera L. and Meliponulla beccarii L. Honeys from Kellem and West Wollega Zones, Western Ethiopia

Honey is a natural substance synthesized by honeybees and its biological composition differs among honey types. The aim was to determine the microbial qualities and antimicrobial activities of Apis mellifera and Meliponulla beccarii honeys collected from Kellem and West Wollega Zones. Agar disc and well diffusion were used for antimicrobial susceptibility test while agar dilution was used to determine Minimum Inhibitory...

Author(s):Ofijan Tesfaye, Asnake Dessalegn

Article in Press

Utilization Potential of Quality Protein Maize in Spiced Ogi

The high incidence of protein energy malnutrition among children under 5 years in Nigeria informed this study. Quality Protein Maize (QPM) produces more lysine and tryptophan than most modern varieties of maize. It has been reported to be economically superior to traditional maize. This research focuses on QPM ogi fortified with indigenous food spices in order to improve its health benefits and organoleptic properties. The...

Author(s):Ejigbo EA, Farinde EO and Olanipekun OT

Article in Press

Prevalence of syphilis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Syphilis infection is an important public health problem across the globe, especially in developing countries. In Ethiopia, study findings on the prevalence of syphilis among Ethiopian population are highly dispersed indifferent geographic region and time. The aim of the current review is to conduct revised information about syphilis in Ethiopia. Databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, HINARI...

Author(s):Siraj Hussen, Zemenu Yohannes

Article in Press

Assessment of Mycotoxigenic Mould Contamination on Proximate Composition of Poultry Feeds

The objective of this study was to assess the mycotoxigenic mould contamination on proximate composition of poultry feeds. Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ocheracus and Fusarium verticilloides were the toxigenic moulds used to determine their effect on nutritional parameter of poultry feeds. The results of the chemical composition of the poultry feed before and after contaminated with toxigenic moulds showed that...

Author(s):Jeff-Agboola Yemisi Adefunke, Adeleke Bartholomew Saanu, Jeff-Agboola Excel Oluwajomiloju and Olotu Titilayo Mabel

Article in Press

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Fecal Indicator and Multidrug Resistant Bacteria in a Multiple-Use Fresh Water Lake: The case of Lake Hawassa, Ethiopia

Aquatic environments close to cities are frequently used as sources for water and at the same time overloaded with a variety of pollutants either through direct or indirect discharges of untreated wastes and sewage. Sewage is known to contain pathogenic microorganisms. This circumstance is also worsened by the indiscriminate disposal of untreated wastes, which are often heavily burdened with sewage into vigorously used...

Author(s):Deresse Daka, Hunachew Beyene and Simachew Diress

Article in Press

Airborne bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance patterns in operating theatre and paediatric wards in Botswana hospitals

There is presently no information on the occurrence, abundance and diversity of airborne bacteria in Botswana hospitals. In addition, there is also growing concern in the global spread of antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens that continue to emerge and pose a huge challenge to human health. This study was aimed at; 1) determining the occurrence, relative abundance and diversity of airborne bacterial species. 2)...

Author(s):Lindiwe Tamocha, Mothomang Oyinloye and Teddie O. Rahube

Article in Press

The prevalence of E.coli and its antibiotic sensitivity test in diarrheic calves from selected dairy farms in Akaki Kality subcity, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted in 9 dairy farms in and around Akaki Kality subcity from November, 2013 to April, 2014 to estimate the prevalence of E. coli from diarrheic calves, assessment of risk factors associated with calf diarrhea and to determine antibiogram of the isolated bacteria. 50 calves, from the nine intensive dairy farms were assessed during the study period. From these 36 (72%) were found to be...

Author(s):Yayesew Wale, Temesgen Kassa

Article in Press

STUDIES ON OPTIMIZATION OF L-GLUTAMINASE PRODUCTION UNDER SUBMERGED FERMENTATION FROM MARINE BACILLUS SUBTILIS JK-79

In the current study, a marine strain Bacillus subtilis JK-79 capable of producing L-glutaminase enzyme, was analyzed for maximal L-glutaminase production. The Plackett-Burman design (PBD) was applied to determine the significant variables. Optimum conditions of the significant variables on L-glutaminase production were determined by the Central Composite Design (CCD) of response surface methodology. Maximum L-glutaminase...

Author(s):JAMBULINGAM KIRUTHIKA, SARANYA MURUGESAN

Article in Press

Group B Streptococcus serotype distribution and colonization rate among pregnant women and their newborns at Adama Hospital Medical College, Ethiopia

Group B Streptococcus is the leading cause of neonatal disease. This study was sought to determine colonization rate of GBS among pregnant women, and their newborns, serotypes distribution, and vertical transmission rate. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Adama Hospital Medical College from June 2014 to October 2014. A total of 280 pregnant women and their newborns were screened for colonization with...

Author(s):Musa Mohammed Ali, Yimtubezinash Woldeamnuel Mulate, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Demissie Assegu Fenta, Tolossa Eticha Chaka, Muluwork Tefera Dinberu, Eskinder Kebede Weldetensaye, Samson Jamal Ismael, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

Article in Press

Nasal carriage enterotoxgenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handlers working in Hawassa University student cafeteria: cross sectional study

Food borne diseases are major health problems globally. Food handlers are potential causes of foodborne infections. It is estimated that 30-50% of the human population carries Staphylococcus aureus and its main habitat is the nasopharynx. This study aimed to determine the nasal carriage of enterotoxogenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handler working in Hawassa university referral Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. A cross...

Author(s):Mesfin Worku, Anteneh Amsalu, Demissie Assegu, Techalew Shimelis, Mengistu Hailemariam

Article in Press

Isolation And Screening Of Antifungal Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria From Pro-Vitamin A Cassava

Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) are non-pathogenic bacteria reported to play essential role in preservation, fermentation and contribute to organoleptic and textural profile of food items. This study investigated antifungal producing LAB during fermentation of Pro-vitamin A and white cassava variety which were used against spoilage mould of cassava products (garri, lafun and fufu). One white cassava variety (IITA TMS IBA 30572...

Author(s):Bamigbade, G. B., Omemu, A. M., Oluwafemi, F. and Obadina, A. O.

Article in Press

The Potential Role of Natural Products in the Management of Fungus Infection and Their Mechanism of Action: A Review

Fungal infection initially was recognized to cause dermatophytoses and thrush which affects the quality of life. Then subsequently pathogenic fungi were acknowledged to cause severe life threatening infections especially to those who are immunocompromised. Not only these infections increase morbidity and mortality, but they also cause more hospital stays and a financial burden. There are currently few antifungals in use,...

Author(s):Aisyah Badhrulhisham, P. M. Ridzuan, C.N. Abdul Rassip, Salwani Ismail, Nor Iza A. Rahman, Shariff Halim, Baharudin Roesnita

Article in Press

Frequency of Hepatitis B Suface Antigen Seropositivity in Apparently Healthy Individuals Attending Two Medical Facilities in Southwest, Nigeria

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a small enveloped DNA virus of the Hepadnaviridae family associated with infection of the liver, and a major public health problem globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in apparently healthy individuals attending Federal Medical Centre, Owo and Don Bosco Medical Diagnostic Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Socio-demographic status of the individuals...

Author(s):Ogunlana, D. O., Olalemi, A. O. and Oladunmoye, M. K.

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