African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Aflatoxins B1 contamination levels in maize and awareness of aflatoxins among main maize stakeholders in Chemba and Kondoa Districts, Tanzania

Article in Press

Maize (Zea mays) is the staple food for the majority of people in Tanzania which plays a key role in subsistence and a cash crop among actors of the maize value chain. Environmental factors such as soil contamination by fungi, water stress, warm and humid conditions are among several factors contributing to fungal growth and aflatoxins contamination in maize leading to significant economic loss, reduced household income,...

Author(s):Asha Hamad Ndwata, Suleiman A. Rashid, Davis Noboth Chaula

Antibiogram and Multidrug Resistant Pattern of Escherichia coli from Environmental Sources in Port Harcourt

Article in Press

Background and Objectives: Antibiotics are arguably the most successful form of therapeutics developed and save innumerable human lives every day that have been infected with some form of bacteria or the other. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of Escherichia coli and multidrug resistant pattern from environmental sources in Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Forty samples were collected...

Author(s):Agbagwa OE, Chinwi CM, Horsfall SH

Biosorption of heavy metals using bacterial isolates from e-waste soil

Article in Press

The discharge of untreated wastes containing heavy metals into the environment is a challenge to living cells and in the search for treatment method, biosorption has been an economical and easy technique for heavy metals removal. This study was carried out to determine the biosorption capacity of bacterial isolates from electronic wastes soil. The isolates from e-waste soil were screened and selected for heavy metals such...

Author(s): Olubode T.P., Amusat A.I., Olawale B.R. and Adekola F.F.

Antibacterial Activity and Phytochemical Investigation of Leaf and Root Extracts of Aloe gilbertii Reynolds

Article in Press

The objective of the study was to test the antibacterial activities of crude extracts of roots and leaves of Aloe gilbertii Reynolds against clinical pathogens. The crude extracts were prepared via maceration technique employing n-hexane, acetone, chloroform, dichloromethane: methanol (50:50% V/V) and methanol solvent system. The phytochemical screening tests of the dichloromethane: methanol (50:50% V/V) root extract of A....

Author(s):Dagne Addisu, Kibret Fekadu, Salah Hamza, Legesse Adane

Antibiotic Susceptibility of bacteria isolates from ward environment of a hospital in Tema, Ghana

Article in Press

Community and hospital-acquired antimicrobial resistance is on the increase worldwide and threatens the ability to treat patients effectively. This can result in high levels of morbidity and mortality from microbial infections. Susceptibility patterns help track microbial resistance potentials in order to enhance antibiotic prescription and use. The susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and...

Author(s):John Antwi Apenteng, Esther Eyram Asare Yeboah, Gertrude Kyere-Davies

Anti-Biofilm Formation Effects of Aromatic and Medicinal Plant Extracts on Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli

Article in Press

Common bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap) have been recorded as one of the most important seed-borne destructive diseases on beans. Chemical compounds which are incessantly used on beans to manage CBB disease cause serious damage to natural ecosystems and sometimes they show frequent failure for controlling CBB. These consequences are attributed to the use of by-products from...

Author(s):Tibebu Belete

EVALUATION OF WILD YEASTS ISOLATED FROM SOME FRUITS COLLECTED FROM LOCAL MARKETS FOR THEIR BREAD LEAVENING CAPACITY

Article in Press

Wild yeasts are used as leavening agents to produce carbon dioxide by utilizing sugars in the flour and thereby ferment in order to raise the dough. Therefore, the present study was carried out to characterize wild yeast isolates recovered from fruits to assess their leavening potential of wheat dough under laboratory conditions. The yeast isolates were retrieved from fruits following standard methods. From a total of 88...

Author(s):Eshet Lakew, Diriba Muleta, Anteneh Tesfaye

Intra-validation of an ELISA test kit for the quantitative analyses of total Aflatoxins in spices in Cameroon market

Article in Press

The aim of this study was to measure the standard parameters of intra-validation of the total aflatoxin low-matrix ELISA Kit (Lot No. 062218, RENEKABIO, USA) and the method was used to evaluate the contamination degree in 4 different spices [white pepper (Piper nigrum), black pepper (Piper nigrum), njansang (Ricinodendron heudelottii) and super mbongo spice (Aframomum citratum, Monodora myristica and Afrostyrax...

Author(s):Evelyne Nguegwouo, Azoumboi Abassi Nouhou, Abel Wade, Gabriel Nama Medoua and Elie Fokou

TAENIASIS-CIRTICERCOSIS COMPLEX AND TUBERCULOSIS IN FOOD

Article in Press

Although in 2020 the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) declined 4,1% compared to the previous year, the participation of livestock in the same period increased its representation from 8,4% to 10%. It is estimated that Brazil's contribution to the world food market has grown from 20,6 billion to 100 billion and the prospects are for greater increases for the coming years. In terms of people fed, the numbers were 800...

Author(s):Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros, Maira Milton Coutinho Salomão

Phytochemical screening, phenolic contents, antioxidant and antifungal activities of crude extracts from different organs of Bunium incrassatum (Boiss.) Batt.

Article in Press

The objectives of this study were to determine phytochemical screening, phenolic contents, antioxidant and antifungal activities of crude ethanolic extracts from different organs of Bunium incrassatum (Boiss.) Batt. Plant samples were collected from the West of Algeria. Phytochemical tests revealed the presence of phenolic compounds and other several families of chemical constituents. Flavonoids and coumarins were some of...

Author(s):Achraf Khaldi, Rahima Hadjer Gouabi, Kheira Mehdi, Lakhdar Mebarki, Abdellah Moussaoui, Boumedien Meddah

Molecular characterization of high-risk infection vaginal bacteria isolated from pregnant women in CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin)

Article in Press

The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of the genotypic pathogenicity traits of vaginal high-risk infectious bacteria collected in the CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin). To achieve this, a recto-vaginal swab of 42 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy were collected. Species identification was carried out by specific biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested according to the...

Author(s):Haziz Sina, Christine N’tcha, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Gnimdou Gnama-Tchao, Bawa Boya, Akim Socohou, Abdou Ramanou Alao Sanni, Farid Baba-Moussa, Adolphe Adjanohoun, Lamine Baba-Moussa

Fungal contamination of dental appliances: A cross-transversal study

Article in Press

Orthodontic treatment makes necessary to use a longtime fixed-band appliance, it offers suitable conditions for fungal growth, dentures also allow fungal contamination on their surfaces. The aim of our study is the identification of the fungal species colonizing surfaces of dental appliances, the cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 patients wearing dental appliances, during 5 months, and sterile swabs were used...

Author(s):Yassine Merad, Malika Belkacemi, Abdelkrim Messafeur, Derouicha Matmour, Zoubir Belmokhtar, Hichem Derrar, Samira Djaroud, Fatima Zohra Benaissa

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT PATTERN OF BACTERIA IN UNTREATED HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS FROM OFFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

This study determined the prevalence and drug resistant patterns of bacteria isolated from untreated hospital wastewaters collected from selected hospitals in Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A total of 42 composite samples were aseptically collected, transported and analyzed for enumeration of microorganisms, bacteriological identification and susceptibility testing following standard procedures. The...

Author(s):Usman, Kolawole Muftau, Arotupin, Daniel Juwon and Ekundayo, Fatuyi Olanipekun

Seroprevalence and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga Province, Burkina Faso

Article in Press

Background: Bovine brucellosis is a major zoonosis caused by Brucella abortus. It is a disease with a high hygienic and economic impact that mainly affects breeders, handlers and consumers of dairy products and animal health professionals. It is therefore a real public health problem. The objective of this study was to assess seroprevalence and risk behaviour for zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga...

Author(s):Dieudonné Tialla

Etiological and Predictive factors of Acute Meningitis in an Mansoura fever hospital, Egypt

Article in Press

Background: Meningitis is a public health concern, with several responsible etiologic agents that vary by age group and geographical area. The clinical features and Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) examination should determine a presumptive cause of acute meningitis within few hours. This study aimed to highlight the etiological and prognostic factors of acute meningitis in hospitalized febrile patients in Mansoura Fever...

Author(s):Sameh M. Abdel Monem, Hassan A. Shora, Aya M. Al Amely, Naglaa A. Khalifa, Ahmed L. Sharaf

Effects of Processing Operations on the Nutrient Compositions of Odourless ‘fufu’

Article in Press

‘Fufu’ is a starchy staple food usually made from fermented cassava mash. It is characterized by undesirable odour because of the compounds produced due to enzymatic activities of the microorganisms caused inherent objectionable odour, which are produced during fermentation. The actual odour-producing compounds were not characterized, but produced during of fermentation, and not acceptable to the consumer. The biomass of...

Author(s):Babatuyi, C. Y., Boboye, B. E and Fagbemi, T. N.

Urinary Schistosomiasis and Intensity of infection Among Children Attending Kurfi Primary School Sokoto, Nigeria

Article in Press

This study uses cross sectional descriptive design to conduct a research during the corona virus pandemic October 2020 to January 2021, among primary school children and investigate the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infection at Kurfi village, Sokoto state of Nigeria. Two hundred and thirteen urine samples were examined from the school pupils aged between 3 to 20 years. Quantitative microscopic...

Author(s):Nuhu A, Garba I, Iduh MU, Mohammed K, Mohammed KG, Umar IA, Manga SB and A.A. Ngaski

SURVEY ON EFFICIENCY OF INOCULATION METHODS OF PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF THYMUS KOTSCHYANUS

Article in Press

Background: Thyme is one of the most important medicinal plants in wild rangeland in Iran that has lots of benefits. Pseudomonas flourescence is one of the effective plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) as a bioinoculant for medicinal plants. This study aims to survey three inoculation techniques with PGPR on growth and oil content in Thymus kotschyanus for organic cultivation. Material and methods: For this research,...

Author(s):Ali Salehnia Sammak, Mohammad Matinizadeh

EFFECT OF BIOFILMED BIOFERTILIZERS ON POTATO YIELD THROUGH INDUCED SOIL -PLANT INTERACTION IN SRI LANKA

Article in Press

The current study aimed at developing and examining biofilmed biofertilizers (BFBFs) as an ameliorator for potato cultivation by enhancing soil-plant interaction. Fungal-bacterial biofilms, the main ingredient of the BFBFs were developed using soil microorganisms and were screened for their efficacy. The best BFBF coupled with chemical fertilizers were evaluated for potato yield response and soil amelioration by two field...

Author(s):Amila. P. Henagamage, Gamini Seneviratne and Charmalie L Abayasekera

In Vitro antibacterial activity of mixed Garcinia Buchananii B. and Curcuma Longa L. ethanolic extracts against Streptococcus Pneumoniae

Article in Press

S. pneumoniae is the main bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia. In children, 22% of the deaths are due to pneumonia as the single leading cause of death. The local people in Uganda use herbs like Curcuma longa Linnaeus and Garcinia buchananii Baker to manage Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). The ethanolic extracts of the C. longa rhizome and G. buchananii stem bark have individually demonstrated...

Author(s):Joan Keziah Atuhaire, Anzerea Joan Nabasumba, Edson Ireeta Munanura, Norbert G Anyama, Paul Rubayiza, Bruhan Kaggwa, Ndagire Margaret, Henry Kyeyune

Diagnostic value of 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests 16 years after their adoption in national strategies in the Central African Republic (CAR)

Article in Press

Objective: The broad genetic diversity of HIV requires regular reassessment of adopted HIV diagnostic tests. The objective of this study was to reassess the performances of Determine® HIV 1/2 and Uni-gold® HIV1/2, 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests of the national algorithm, since 2005 in Central African Republic. Methods: A reference prospective panel of 150 plasma samples were tested in duplicate with Determine® HIV 1/2 and...

Author(s):Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Thierry Mbesse, Christielle Bobossi, Coretha Bokia-Baguida, Simplice Arthur Sombot, Nina Esther Ontsira Ngoyi, Hermione Dahlia Mossoro-Kpinde, Rosine Feissona, Gérard Gresenguet

Microbial Genes associated with Methane Metabolism in Smallholder Dairy Cattle

Article in Press

Methane gas is known for its negative environmental impact. To reduce negative methane gas released from dairy cattle, genes responsible for its production should be known and identified. A study with an aim of identifying the microbial genes responsible for methane gas release was undertaken. Samples of cattle’s stool on-farms (Lushoto and Rungwe districts of Tanzania) and a station-based (Kanyariri of Kenya) smallholding...

Author(s): Ngetich K. Denis, Bett C. Rawlynce, Gachuiri K. Charles and Kibegwa M. Felix

OVERVIEW OF BOVINE BRUCELLOSIS AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

Ethiopia is a country with a large potential of livestock production with the greatest count made by cattle though overall production and income generation is below than optimum due to different reasons from which brucellosis comes at front. Therefore, the objective of this article is to review brucellosis and its importance in Ethiopia. The disease is an infectious type characterized by affecting ruminants and human...

Author(s):Mulugeta Sosango, Abrham Markos, Ayichew Teshale

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF SEAWEED MICROBIOME OF SOUTHEAST COAST OF INDIA

Article in Press

The major groups of seaweed such as Padina pavonica and Dictyota dichotoma in Brown algae, Halimeda macroloba and Chaetomorpha antenninain green algae and the Red algae Gracilaria parvispora were examined for the presence of beneficial compounds and activity in symbiotically associated bacteria. Totally 40 isolated colonies were obtained and 10 physically similar strains were randomly selected and evaluate their...

Author(s):SATHYANANTH. M, LEON STEPHAN RAJ T AND AROKIA RAJ S

Effect of Bacteriocins from Lactic Acid Bacteria obtained from Zea mays-based “Ogi” on Foodborne Bacteria from contaminated cabbage

Article in Press

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in Zea mays-based ogi on some foodborne bacteria contaminating cabbage in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Ten (10) samples (5 samples of Zea mays-based ogi and 5 samples of suspected contaminated cabbage heads) were aseptically collected and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Five different Lactobacillus isolates (A, B,...

Author(s):Orji J.O., Amaobi C.B., Ayogu T.E., Moses I.B., Nwachi A.C., Elom E., Uzoh C.V., Otu J.O., Chukwunwejim C.R., Peter I.U., Ezekakpu O.P., Itorobong M.U

Detection of Legionella pneumophila as the Cause of Atypical Pneumonia in the Water Sources of the Holy Places of Makkah

Article in Press

Legionella pneumophila is an important pathogen and is involved in more than 95% of cases of severe atypical pneumonia. The current study focused on the ablution water in the grand mosque in Makkah as well as water tanks in hotels surrounding the holy mosque. A total of 100 water samples were collected from ablution water in the Haram and the hotels in the central area around the grand mosque and sent to the research...

Author(s):Sami S. Ashgar and Hamdi M. Al-Said

Aflatoxigenic potential of Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize seeds, in Burkina Faso

Article in Press

The frequency of occurrence and four principal kinds of aflatoxin concentration in maize seeds grown in Burkina Faso was investigated. Ten (10) samples collected, were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with post-column derivatisation after immunoaffinity column cleanup. Eight strains of Aspergillus section Flavi were previously isolated from these samples and cultivated on “Aspergillus flavus and...

Author(s):Hamidou COMPAORE, Serge SAMANDOULOUGOU, Fidèle W. TAPSOBA, Alima BAMBARA, Hissein RATONGUE, Ignace SAWADOGO, Donatien KABORE, Pane B. OUATTARA-SOURABIE, Hagrétou SAWADOGO-LINGANI

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antibiotic Resistant Gram Negative Bacteria isolated in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Antimicrobial surveillance and identifying the genetic basis of antimicrobial resistance provide important information to optimize patient care. The present study was analytical cross sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of MDR, XDR, PDR and extended-spectrum ?-lactamases genes among Gram-negative bacteria isolated in Saudi Arabia. A total number of 386 non-duplicate Gram-negative isolate were collected....

Author(s):Tarig M.S. Alnour; Elmutuz H. Elssaig; Faisel M. Abuduhier; Khalid A. S. Alfifi; Mohammad S. Abusuliman; Tawfiq Albalawi; Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infectionsamong People Who Inject Drugs in Malindi Sub-County, Kenya

Article in Press

Infections with Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV1/2) are common among HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWIDs). There is scarcity of information on HIV/HTLV-1/2 co-infection among PWIDs.Co-infection is prevalent since the three viruses have comparable transmission pathways and T-lymphocyte tropism. Since HTLV-1 induces an increase in viral replication, HIV infection is worsened as the course to...

Author(s):Caroline ChepkorirKoech, Nancy L.M. Budambula, Eddy O. Odari and Raphael M. Lwembe

Prevalence and Serotypes diversity of Salmonella species in Nile perch (Lates niloticus) of the Lake Victoria, Tanzania

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence, serotypes, antimicrobial resistance and plasmids profiles of Salmonella spp. in Nile perch of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli in water and fish samples were investigated using bacteriological methods. Antimicrobial resistance profiles of Salmonella spp. were determined using the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. A...

Author(s):Mohamed Hamed Sango Ally

Phylogenetic diversity of epibiotic bacteria co-existing with the Kenyan coastal marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya majuscula (Moorea producens)

Article in Press

Lyngbya majuscula is a filamentous marine cyanobacterium that has been reported to be a source of a wide array of natural products. It has been shown to harbor a variety of epibiotic bacteria on its surface. However, the phylogeny of these epibiotic bacteria from the Kenyan Lyngbya majuscula is not well understood. This study aimed at characterizing epibiotic bacteria isolates co-existing with the Kenyan Coastal marine...

Author(s):Joseph M. Mwafaida, Constance D. Nyiro, David M. Mburu and Thomas M. Dzeha

Isolation and characterization of multi-drug resistance bacterial pathogens from diarrheagenic stool in hospitals in Lokoja, Kogi State

Article in Press

In Nigeria, diarrhea is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality among children under five years of age, due to unsafe water supplies, poor sanitation, and hygiene practices. It is also responsible for several hospital admissions in Lokoja, the Confluence city of Kogi State. The conventional antibiotics used for the treatment of these conditions have however been regularly misused and consequently, grossly...

Author(s):Daniel Edisha Garba, Uju M. Esther Dibua, Justus Amuche Nweze and Esther Claire Alechenu

Microbial quality of fermented milk in Ada`a District, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Ada`a district, central Ethiopia to assess the microbial quality of fermented milks. A total of 70 fermented milk samples were collected and tested for microbial analysis from smallholder (40), Bishoftu town cafeteria (20) and modern dairy farms (10). The mean TBC ( Total Bacterial Counts) were 8.4±0.152, 9.2±0.083 and 8.9±0.146 log10 cfu ml-1 for fermented milk from the smallholder dairy,...

Author(s):Bushura Badaso Hama

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Subtype Diversity in Busia, Western Kenya

Article in Press

HIV infection is currently the single biggest epidemic globally. HIV is the etiologic agent for AIDS. HIV is divided into two types: HIV type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV type 2 (HIV-2). HIV-2 is rare and is mainly found in some parts of West Africa, though an increasing number of cases have been recognized in Europe, India, and the United States of America in recent times. HIV-1 accounts for most cases of AIDS. The strains of...

Author(s):James Munyao Kingoo, Anne WT Muigai, Viviene Matiru, Samoel A. Khamadi

Antifungal and Antibacterial activity of the different parts of mature Benincasa hispida against various microbial infectious agents

Article in Press

In this study we assayed on antimicrobial activity of various parts of Benincasa hispida (peel, pulp, waxy coating) of mature and immature winter melon fruits. Various parts of the plant are reported as antibacterial agents worldwide. Leaves, flower, root, seed are the most studied elements as antibacterial agent. Some fruits are also proved antibacterial agent and used as herbal medicine as well as nutritional...

Author(s):Md. Khasrul Alam, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal, Morsed Ajam, Md. Rezuanul Islam

Phylogenetic analyses and bioactivities of endophytic Pestalotiopsis from Amazonian species

Article in Press

Bioprospecting of the genus Pestalotiopsis shows potential for different bioactivity applications, this potential may originate from the close relationship with its host species. In this study, we verified the efficiency of the ITS regions for phylogenetic analysis of Pestalotiopsis species isolated as endophytes associated with basidiomycetes. The strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from the Genus Gustavia,...

Author(s):Elissandro F. Banhos, Antonia Q. L. Souza, Marne C. Vasconcellos, Gleyce S. B. Jobim, Dolores P. Fonseca, Marta R. Oliveira, Sarah R. Silveira, Wanderli P. Tadei, Afonso D. L. Souza

Prelimenary Screening for In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from the Armoured Cricket (Acanthoplus discoidalis) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)

Article in Press

The use of insects in folk medicine is widespread. This study was carried out in order to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the Acanthoplus discoidalis insect extract. Insects were harvested from maize fields by hand picking and prepared to produce the extract. In the disc-diffusion assay, plate count agar plates were inoculated with 100μl of each of the test microorganism adjusted with peptone to...

Author(s):Mugova A.K., Zvidzai C.J., Musundire R

Antimicrobial Properties and Antioxidant Activities of Pigeon Pea Seed Protein Hydrolysates

Article in Press

In recent times, the biological activities of enzymatic digests of plant and animal proteins have been investigated and have been shown to exhibit multidirectional effects against microorganisms involved in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of pigeon pea protein hydrolysates. Proteins were hydrolyzed using the enzymes pepsin, trypsin and...

Author(s):Ekun, O. E., Aribisala, W. K., Ekun, R. G., Olusola, A. O., Bada, S. O., Bakare, O. S.

Assessment of the Microbial Quality of Food Contact Surfaces (Utensils) of Hotels and Restaurants in Addis Ababa

Article in Press

Background: Food contact surfaces are surfaces that encounter food for humans. It can harbor and introduce pathogens into food. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of food contact surfaces (utensils) from hotels and restaurants in Addis Ababa. Methods: We used cross-sectional study design in which 12 hotels and 28 restaurants were randomly selected in Addis Ababa. Swab samples from...

Author(s):Abiyot Tenna, Kassayenew Amare, Hiwot Tekola, Yohannes W.Kidan, Daniel Melese, Girmaye Medhin

MicroRNA 122 and 483 as potential markers to diagnose Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Chronic Hepatitis C virus patients

Article in Press

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is of the most frequent malignancies that suffer poor prognosis. In Egypt, HCC occurs mainly in the background of chronic infection with HCV. Early diagnosis of HCC development is crucial for proper management. Therefore, this study aimed to detect the expression of miR-122 and miR-483 in sera from Egyptian patients with HCV-related HCC and to evaluate their value as biomarkers...

Author(s):Ahmed Gaballah, Akram Fathi Shatara, Sahar Ahmed Shoman, Hisham Saad Mohamed, Abeer Ghazal

Survey for Faba bean (Vicia fabae L.) fungal diseases in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Among biotic factors diseases were the most important constraints of Faba bean yield in Ethiopia. This investigation was designed: to identify, document, prioritize and be acquainted with distribution of fungal diseases of Faba bean in Ethiopia; to map geographical distribution areas for economically important faba bean fungal diseases. Assessments of diseases were accomplished in 2017 and 2018 main growing season of the...

Author(s):Tajudin Aliyi Mohammed, Bayoush Birke Yeshinigus and Alemayehu Hailu Welderufael

INCIDENCE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS RESISTANT TO VANCOMYCIN FROM CLINICAL SAMPLES IN A TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTION IN ZARIA, NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA

Article in Press

Vancomycin remains one of reserved drugs and last option for the treatment of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) globally. Little resistance has been reported to date, but generally it is not being actively prescribed in this environment. This study evaluated the possibility of isolating S. aureus with genes encoding resistance to vancomycin in a hospital setting. A total of 177 presumptive S. aureus...

Author(s):Aremu O.K, Onaolapo J.A, Ibrahim Y.K.E, Igwe JC

BACTERIAL BIOFILM IN VETERINARY MEDICINE: MECHANISMS AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

Article in Press

Bacteria can exist in natural ecosystem in two forms: (1) free-floating ‘planktonic organisms’ and (2) in biofilms which is recently recognized and the predominant form of microbial growth attached to surfaces. Biofilms are clinically important in both human and veterinary medicine, having the ability to form on both medical devices and living tissue. Biofilm formation has many stage of process which is includes:...

Author(s):Umer Seid, Munera Ahmadnur

Polyethylene Degradation by Certain Bacterial and Fungal Isolated from Solid Waste Dump Site

Article in Press

Soil samples were collected from a dump site, isolations and identification of microorganisms were carried out. Bacteria isolated were Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus and Clostridium sp. while the fungi isolated were Penicillium sp., Fusarium sambucinum and Aspergillus niger. The ability of the isolates to utilize polyethylene for growth in liquid and solid culture media was investigated. At the end of 5 months, the...

Author(s):DADA S. O., ABORISADE A.T., ADESINA F. P.

Docking Studies of NS5 MTase and RdRp proteins of Dengue virus for the anti-viral drug Development in Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Flavivirus has been recently raised to the status of a new family of enveloped RNA viruses, the Flaviviridae. Non-structural protein 5 (NS5) of Dengue virus (DENV) contains N- terminal methyltransferase domain and a C-terminal RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. This protein is responsible for viral replication and has become an attractive target for the development of anti-viral therapeutic drugs. Present in-silico study...

Author(s):Afaf, S. Alwabli, Sana Al-Attas, Alawiah M. Alhebshi, Khalid Al-ghmady, Ishtiaq Qadri

Molecular diagnosis of Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis from culture-positive isolates using line probe assay in North Karnataka

Article in Press

Background: The control of tuberculosis (TB) has become a global health challenge due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). This highlights the need for faster and more accurate detection of tuberculosis cases. Objectives: The study aims to detect MDR-TB strains of pulmonary tuberculosis using resistance ratio method and to compare the diagnostic value of drug...

Author(s):Reshma Bellad, Mahantesh Nagamoti

INTESTINAL HELMINTHIASIS, A SILENT THREAT TO CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT

Article in Press

Background: Intestinal helminth is a public health problem with high mortality in pre- school and school aged children and affects the overall physiological and mental development of a child. The key objective of this work is to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal helminths in primary school pupils. Methodology: Blood and Stool specimens were collected from 557 pupils and were examined for intestinal...

Author(s):Achukwu, Ngozika.Obianuju, Enweani, Ifeoma.Bessy, Aniobi, Charles Emmanuel, Okolie, Anthony Ndubuisi

ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC POOL OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) LITRATURE

Article in Press

A brief background: The pandemic for the new coronavirus culminated in a scientific race in search of explanations about viruses, as well as treatment, vaccines, preventive strategies, in order to reduce the health, health and economy impact in the world. Aim: The present study was carried out with the aim of analyzing the world scientific production of COVID-19. Method / Design: This is an exploratory and descriptive...

Author(s):Erika Morganna Neves de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Batista de Carvalho, Joyce Soares e Silva, Antônio Rosa de Sousa Neto, Maria Eliete Batista Moura, Daniela Reis Joaquim de Freitas

Biodegradability of Polystyrene Plastics by bacterial isolates from Plastic Composted waste Soil and Molecular Characterization of Plastic Degrading Bacterial Isolates

Article in Press

This study examined the biodegradability of polystyrene (PS) plastics. Soil samples were collected from Oluku Community in Egor Local Government Area, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Heterotrophic bacteria were enumerated and screened for PS degradation potential. Plastics degrading potential of the Isolates was determined by Shake Flask method, degradation of PS plastics was determined by analyzing the formulated PS...

Author(s):Ugueri Udochukwu and E. I. Atuanya

Recent trends of MDR, XDR and PDR strains of Escherichia coli in Urinary Tract infection samples

Article in Press

Escherichia coli (E. coli) are frequent occupant of the animal and human intestine. It also acts as leading pathogen causing Urinary tract infections. We have checked the checked the antibiotic susceptibility of E. coli against different antibiotics by Kirby-Bauer diffusion method. In this study, prevalence of E. coli is 64%. 27(42.18%) samples showed Multi drug resistance (MDR) in this study. 4(6.25%) samples showed...

Author(s):Muhammad Bilal Habib, Noreen Sher Akbar

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