African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Root growth in tomato seedlings in response to bacterial inoculation Serratia sp.

Article in Press

Growth-promoting rhizobacteria are soil bacteria that inhabit the surrounding root, and are directly or indirectly involved in promoting plant growth and development. The objective of this study was to verify if the mechanism of growth promotion of the bacterium is similar to that promoted by Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and to compare the possible effects of water stress on the tomato against the effects of inoculation of...

Author(s):Ana Carla Pinheiro Lima; Eduardo de Assis Lima, Débora Alves Gonzaga da Silva Ballesteiro Pereira, Leonardo Oliveira Médici

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus species for the production of lipopeptides and its in vitro management against root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita

Article in Press

Bacillus species are found to be abundant in the terrestrial ecosystem. In this study, native Bacillus species associated with different horticultural crops growing in different districts of Tamil Nadu were isolated and identified. In total of 40 isolates collected, 30 isolates were identified as Bacillus species using morphological and biochemical characterization. These 30 Bacillus isolates were investigated for their...

Author(s):SANKARI MEENA

Antibacterial Activity of Marine Yeasts by Resazurin Assay

Article in Press

Resazurin is an oxidation–reduction indicator used for the evaluation of cell growth, particularly in various cytotoxicity assays. It has been used over five decades to monitor bacterial and yeast contamination of milk, and also for assessing semen quality. This chemical reduction is mainly used in viability assays for mammalian cells. In the present study, antibacterial activity of marine yeasts is assessed by using...

Author(s):Senthil raja P

Determination of staphylococcal species in raw cow milk and associated risk factors in urban dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Staphylococci species are important milk-borne zoonotic pathogens. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of staphylococci in milk, cow skin, milkers’ hands and equipment, as well as to assess the farm hygiene and pre-milking practices in dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A total of 604 milk and cow skin as well as swab samples (n=44) were also collected from personnel and milk containers....

Author(s):TESFAYE SISAY TESSEMA, Mezgebu Merid, Girma Zewde, Berhanu Sibhat

Evaluation of Common bean germplasm for resistance to Angular Leaf Spot Disease (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferraris) under natural conditions

Article in Press

Breeding programmes for resistance to angular leaf spot (ALS) in common bean have relied on a range of sources of resistance. However, due to the occurrence of many different races of the pathogen, the sources of resistance may not always be effective in all the regions. This study was conducted to identify new sources of resistance to ALS. A total of Seventy five genotypes of common bean were screened for resistance...

Author(s):S M Razvi, Mushtaq Ahmad, M A Bhat, B A Paddar, S A Ganie

In vitro screening and characterization of endophytic bacteria from root and nodule of Cicer arietinum L.

Article in Press

Endophytic bacteria are able to live inside the plant tissue for enhancing plant growth without any negative effect. A total of forty endophytic bacteria were isolated from different tissues of chickpea and in vitro screening was done for biochemical tests and different plant growth promotion activities, that is, indole acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA) production, and phosphate solubilization. On the basis of...

Author(s):Harsimranjeet Kaur, Poonam Sharma and Kailash Chand

Performance of microbial inoculants and mineral amendments for producing high quality compost from recycling plant residues

Article in Press

The present work aimed at studying the use of some bioaccelerator, namely Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Serratia species, Pseudomonas fluorescence and Bacillus polymyxa, together with mineral materials, that is, dolomite, feldspar, rock phosphate, bentonite, and elemental sulfur, for production of a high quality compost at a reduced time of processing. Plant residues composting 40% rice straw + 40% maize...

Author(s):Mohamed Ahmed El-Howeity and Shaban Shehata El-Bohy

Determination of fungal opportunistic pathogens in HIV/AIDS patients attending Pepfar Clinic in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Article in Press

Fungal infections, also called mycoses, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in humans. Fungal opportunistic pathogens can lead to many of the complications seen in advanced HIV disease and are commonly identified in HIV-infected populations with decreased immune function. This research was therefore aimed at determining the opportunistic fungal infections associated with HIV/AIDS patients receiving...

Author(s):Bukar A. M., Uba A., Yusuph H., Zailani S. B. and Digima A.

Study of microbial quality of four major seed spices grown in western semi-arid region of India

Article in Press

Seed spices are mature, dried seeds of plants used primarily for seasoning and flavouring foods. In this investigation, three different sets of four major seed spices samples viz. coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) were collected. These sample sets include first set of sample from the local farm produce, second set of branded sample...

Author(s):B. K. Mishra, B. Singh, K. Kant, J. K. Ranjan and P. N. Dubey

Effect of soil factors on incidence of cumin wilt and survival of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cumini

Article in Press

Investigations were carried out to study the effect of soil temperature, moisture, nutritional factors and organic amendments on wilt incidence due to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini (FOC) in cumin and survival of F. oxysporum f. sp. cumini under greenhouse/controlled conditions. Soil temperature and moisture significantly (p

Author(s):Suresh Kumar and S. Gangopadhyay

Characterization of novel endophytic Bacillus spp. from rice exhibiting plant growth promoting and antifungal activities against Rhizoctonia solani

Article in Press

Plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria (PGPE) influences the plant growth by various direct mechanisms. To look for efficient PGPE strains having multiple activities, 80 bacterial isolates were isolated from different tissues of rice obtained from major rice growing districts of Tamil Nadu. From 80 isolates, 20 efficient bacterial isolates were selected based on their plant growth promoting traits like production of...

Author(s):D. Durgadevi, S. Harish, D. Alice and T. Raguchander

Investigation of bla PER-1, bla VEB-1 and bla PSE-1 beta-lactamase genes among ESBL positive isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from intensive care unit patients

Article in Press

Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates are intrinsically resistant to many antibiotics such as novel β-lactam antibiotics and therefore, can develop resistance during treatment, culminating in high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to detect the genes encoding class A ESBLs of bla PER-1, bla- VEB-1 and bla- PSE-1 among clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa among ICU patients. In this study, a total of 65 clinical...

Author(s):Elham Davodian, Abdolmajid Ghasemian and Nourkhoda Sadeghifard

Baker’s yeast: A review

Article in Press

Baker’s yeast is the most widespread food microbial starter. Its main function is to produce gas, more specifically to raise dough made from flour and to provide bakery products with an aerated structure. Since the beginnings of the baker’s yeast industry, much effort has been devoted to optimize growth conditions to get high biomass yield in fermentation tanks and gassing power in dough. However, there is a limit to the...

Author(s):P. Saranraj and P. Sivasakthivelan

Assessment of Formulations and their Impact on Physiological Characters of Green gram (Vigna radiata) under in-vitro Condition

Article in Press

This study was done to determine the effect of formulations with traditional fertilizers (cow dung and vermi-compost) on root and vegetative growth of green gram under in-vitro condition. The various treatments were done by formulation I, formulation II, Co-formulation (for pending patent, Patent App. No 201741023234), whey, molasses and formulations with traditional fertilizers in various ratios and applied as three...

Author(s):Nanthini PVM, Shahitha S and Palaniswamy M

Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogen isolates from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Determining a pathogen’s spectrum of resistance to antimicrobials is often a critical component in successfully treating bacterial infections. Hence, a cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to May 2014 to determine antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia. Bacteriological...

Author(s):Kemal Kedir Elemo, Kelil Shako Hiko, Gosaye Alemu

Seroprevalence of West Nile Virus and Associated Factors in Borena District, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

West Nile virus is a member of genus Flavivirus that cause emerging disease. It is transmitted with mosquitoes, Culex species. No studies have been carried out to determine seroprevalence of WNV antibody in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the WNV seroprevalence and its associated factors in health facilities in the Borena District. An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to...

Author(s): Eshetu Nigussie

Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Klebsiella spp

Article in Press

Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) can be incorporated into various types of antibiotic resistance, such as Klebsiella spp, which can lead to changes in the mucous membranes and skins. Thus, the objective was to synthesize silver nanoparticles and their incorporation into cotton tissues for the testicles against Klebsiella spp. The AgNP colloidal solution was synthesized (AgNO3 - 0.1 mM, 100 mM trisodium citrate,...

Author(s):Kramer Dany G. Kramer

Prevalence of syphilis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Article in Press

Syphilis infection is an important public health problem across the globe, especially in developing countries. In Ethiopia, study findings on the prevalence of syphilis among Ethiopian population are highly dispersed indifferent geographic region and time. The aim of the current review is to conduct revised information about syphilis in Ethiopia. Databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, HINARI...

Author(s):Siraj Hussen, Zemenu Yohannes

Assessment of Mycotoxigenic Mould Contamination on Proximate Composition of Poultry Feeds

Article in Press

The objective of this study was to assess the mycotoxigenic mould contamination on proximate composition of poultry feeds. Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ocheracus and Fusarium verticilloides were the toxigenic moulds used to determine their effect on nutritional parameter of poultry feeds. The results of the chemical composition of the poultry feed before and after contaminated with toxigenic moulds showed that...

Author(s):Jeff-Agboola Yemisi Adefunke, Adeleke Bartholomew Saanu, Jeff-Agboola Excel Oluwajomiloju and Olotu Titilayo Mabel

Airborne bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance patterns in operating theatre and paediatric wards in Botswana hospitals

Article in Press

There is presently no information on the occurrence, abundance and diversity of airborne bacteria in Botswana hospitals. In addition, there is also growing concern in the global spread of antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens that continue to emerge and pose a huge challenge to human health. This study was aimed at; 1) determining the occurrence, relative abundance and diversity of airborne bacterial species. 2)...

Author(s):Lindiwe Tamocha, Mothomang Oyinloye and Teddie O. Rahube

Group B Streptococcus serotype distribution and colonization rate among pregnant women and their newborns at Adama Hospital Medical College, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Group B Streptococcus is the leading cause of neonatal disease. This study was sought to determine colonization rate of GBS among pregnant women, and their newborns, serotypes distribution, and vertical transmission rate. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Adama Hospital Medical College from June 2014 to October 2014. A total of 280 pregnant women and their newborns were screened for colonization with...

Author(s):Musa Mohammed Ali, Yimtubezinash Woldeamnuel Mulate, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Demissie Assegu Fenta, Tolossa Eticha Chaka, Muluwork Tefera Dinberu, Eskinder Kebede Weldetensaye, Samson Jamal Ismael, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

Nasal carriage enterotoxgenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handlers working in Hawassa University student cafeteria: cross sectional study

Article in Press

Food borne diseases are major health problems globally. Food handlers are potential causes of foodborne infections. It is estimated that 30-50% of the human population carries Staphylococcus aureus and its main habitat is the nasopharynx. This study aimed to determine the nasal carriage of enterotoxogenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handler working in Hawassa university referral Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. A cross...

Author(s):Mesfin Worku, Anteneh Amsalu, Demissie Assegu, Techalew Shimelis, Mengistu Hailemariam

The Potential Role of Natural Products in the Management of Fungus Infection and Their Mechanism of Action: A Review

Article in Press

Fungal infection initially was recognized to cause dermatophytoses and thrush which affects the quality of life. Then subsequently pathogenic fungi were acknowledged to cause severe life threatening infections especially to those who are immunocompromised. Not only these infections increase morbidity and mortality, but they also cause more hospital stays and a financial burden. There are currently few antifungals in use,...

Author(s):Aisyah Badhrulhisham, P. M. Ridzuan, C.N. Abdul Rassip, Salwani Ismail, Nor Iza A. Rahman, Shariff Halim, Baharudin Roesnita

Frequency of Hepatitis B Suface Antigen Seropositivity in Apparently Healthy Individuals Attending Two Medical Facilities in Southwest, Nigeria

Article in Press

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a small enveloped DNA virus of the Hepadnaviridae family associated with infection of the liver, and a major public health problem globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in apparently healthy individuals attending Federal Medical Centre, Owo and Don Bosco Medical Diagnostic Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Socio-demographic status of the individuals...

Author(s):Ogunlana, D. O., Olalemi, A. O. and Oladunmoye, M. K.

Molecular Characterization of Water-borne Multi-drug Resistant Escherichia coli

Article in Press

Antibiotics are very important in the fight against infectious disease caused by bacteria and other microbes for decades. Today microbes have developed ways to resist antimicrobial agents targeted at them. We sought to characterize and simultaneously detect virulence genes associated water-borne antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli, obtained from water sampled from ground and surface water sources. The Analytical...

Author(s):Stephen T. Odonkor and Kennedy K. Addo

Mycoflora and mould counts on the leaves of Terminalia catappa , a common food package material in two south western cities in Nigeria

Article in Press

The leaves of Terminallia catappa (almond leave) have been used as a local package material for food in Nigeria for ages without the knowledge of the micro-organisms that inhabit the leaves. Fungi associated with disinfected and non- disinfected leaves of Terminallia catappa from two ancient cities in Nigeria were investigated. Results shows fungi and yeast inhabit the leaves and they includes Aspergillus niger, A. flavus,...

Author(s):Badmos A.O and Oni E.O

Isolation and characterization of a lytic bacteriophage (VB_PAnP_PADP4) against MDR-P.aeruginosa isolated from septic wound infections

Article in Press

Resistance to multiple drugs by pathogens has become the sweltering problem for the treatment of bacterial infections. To overcome this problem of drug resistance, several diversified bacteriophages can be used as one of the alternatives and attractive approaches. The present study aims to detect, isolate and partially characterize the bacteriophage used against MDR-P.aeruginosa isolated from wound infections. A total...

Author(s):Roja Rani Pallavali, Vijaya Lakshmi Degati, Narala Venkata Rami Reddy,

Plasmid mediated antimicrobial resistance in faecal coliforms isolated from rural drinking water in India

Article in Press

The thermotolerant coliforms (201) isolated from various sources of drinking water were studied for antibiotic sensitivity and tolerance to heavy metals. Predominant resistance to bacitracin, vancomycin, and ampicillin was detected among thermotolerant coliform species. Forty one percent strains of thermotolerant coliforms were found to be multiple antibiotics resistant (MAR). All strains of Escherichia coli were found...

Author(s):Suman Upadhyaya, Pramod W Ramteke and Shashank Tewari

Integrated management of bacterial wilt of ginger incited by Ralstonia solanacearum

Article in Press

An experiment was conducted to find out the integrated management of Ralstonia solanacearum infecting ginger. Two antibiotics, two biocontrol agents, one phytoextract and one organic amendment and their combination were used. The average reduction in pre emergence seed rot and post emergence seedling mortality recorded with all the treatments tested ranged from 16.50 to 80.39% over untreated. However, significantly highest...

Author(s):Roop Singh and G. P. Jagtap

Production of bioactive compounds by Streptomyces spp. MPO-4 isolated from Amazonian soil with antifungal activity against filamentous fungi and yeasts

Article in Press

This study evaluated the antifungal potential of Streptomyces species MPO-4 isolated from the rhizosphere soil de Aniba parviflora Syn fragans (Macacaporanga) by Agar block technique. Secondary metabolites were obtained in the fermentation broth followed by solvent extraction with ethyl acetate, for further evaluation of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the crude extract against Postia placenta, Rhizoctonia...

Author(s):Silvia Katrine Silva Escher, Adrielle Leal Dias, José Jeosafá Vieira de Sousa Júnior, Alexandre Escher Boger, Denise Castro Lustosa, Sara Freitas de Sousa, Juliane Karine Ishida, Tsai Siu Mui, Janete Magali de Araújo and Elba Lúcia Cavalcante de Amorim

Microbiological analysis of bacterial рathogens detected from toilet door handles on Baze University Campus Abuja Nigeria

Article in Press

Contracting infectious diseases from microbial contaminated toilet door handles is a potential threat to public health and safety. Therefore we performed microbiological screening of toilet door handles in twelve рublic toilets on Baze University campus for bacterial contamination. Biochemical analysis of bacterial isolates from entrance toilet door handles in six building blocks on Baze University camрus, revealed a...

Author(s):Olatunbosun Olawoye Alonge; Bilkisu Muhammed Auwal; Mercy Itohan Aboh; Fatima Muhktar Mairami

Biocontrol agents against plant diseases

Article in Press

This review article emphasis that biological control is one of the substitutes to chemical method for the usage of antagonistic micro-organism to suppress disease causing plant pathogens. Plant and pathogens come up different interactions in their life cycles which significantly determine the fate of plant health. Biological control agents have a series of different mechanisms to suppress plant pathogens which depends on...

Author(s):Muhammad Riaz,WangYong, Muhammad Wajid Javed

Antagonistic activity of marine Bacillus licheniformis KKR against human pathogens

Article in Press

Pathogens are gradually becoming more resistant to conventional antibiotics as a consequence; the emergence of infectious diseases is becoming a serious threat to the public health. Thus, there is a need for new antibiotics with an alternative mode of action through novel chemical structure. Marine microorganisms are of considerable importance as new promising sources of a huge number of biologically active products than...

Author(s):Kongarasi K., Karthik Sundaram S., Sankar R. and Muneeswaran T.

Chitinolytic activity and feeding deterrence effects of new recombinants from Bacillus thuringiensis against larvae of Spodoptera littoralis

Article in Press

In this investigation the toxicity effect of eight transconjugants, four strains of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and Serratia marcescence on larval body weight of Egyptian cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis were evaluated. S. marcescens produced a huge amount of chitinase in short time because of complete hydrolysis of colloidal chitin in agar medium. This enables this strain to be used in this study as a donor strain...

Author(s): El- Adl A. M., Zaied K. A., Kawther S. Kash, ElSayed A. I. and Mervat I. Kamal

Phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of bulbs essential oil of Allium roseum var. grandiflorum subvar. typicum Regel., growing wild in Tunisia

Article in Press

This study reports for the first time, the chemical composition, antibacterial and antifungal activities of the essential oil extracted by hydrodistillation from the bulbs of Allium roseum L. var. grandiflorum Briq. subvar. typicum Regel. In total, 25 compounds, representing 86.5% of the total oil composition, were identified by GC and GC/MS analyses. Sulfurous compounds were detected in appreciable amounts (68.8%) for the...

Author(s):Lamia Sakka Rouis-Soussi, Asma El Ayeb, Naima Boughalleb, Guido Flamini and Fethia Harzallah-Skhiri

Nosocomial outbreak of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in a liver transplant unit: Evaluation and control

Article in Press

A nosocomial outbreak of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia serogroup 1 occurred in three patients in the liver transplant unit of Gastroenterology Surgical Center (GEC). L. pneumophilia was recovered from the hospital water supply system just before the outbreak. Following Legionella detection in the hospital water supply system, we studied the presence of Legionnaires’ disease in patients with clinically suspected hospital...

Author(s):Dalia Moemen and Mohamed Elsaadany

Growth medium formulation for sporulation of Phytophthora megakarya affecting cocoa

Article in Press

Materials were locally sourced to formulate growth media for culturing of Phytophthora megakarya pathogen of black pod disease of cacao. This scarcity of canned V8 juice necessitates this study with the objective to develop an alternative medium locally formulated from vegetables, evaluate and compare them with other media in supporting the growth and sporulation of P. megakarya. Formulated medium was compared with Potato...

Author(s):Adeji, A. O., Adeniyi, D. O., Dongo, L. N. and Orisajo, S. B.

Incidences of fungal infection in fishes of Upputeru creek of Kolleru lake, Andhra Pradesh, India - Natural and artificial challenge

Article in Press

The aim of the present study was to investigate the fungal infection in fishes of Upputeru Creek of Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh and the percentage of infection of various species of fishes. A total number of 1400 fishes were screened and fungal infected fish samples were brought to laboratory in sterilized plastic bags and kept in glass aquaria to observe the symptoms of infected fishes. Identification of various species...

Author(s):Mastan S. A.

Chromium (VI) reduction by bacteria isolated from tannery effluent in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Article in Press

The removal of the highly toxic heavy metal, chromium (VI), from industrial effluents before their discharge into the environment presents serious challenges to industries. Many industries use chemical and physical methods to remove the metal from their effluents before their discharge into the environment. However, such methods, despite their efficiency and reliability, are not environmentally friendly. On the contrary,...

Author(s):Ngonidzashe Mangoma and Jean Tsitsi Chigova

Diversity study of indigenous thermophilic laccase producing bacteria from hot water springs of Himachal Pradesh

Article in Press

Laccases (EC: 1.10.3.2) are known to be produced by a variety of bacteria and fungi and their applications at industrial level have stimulated interest to explore their lignolytic activity in several microbes to be used as bio-resources. In this study, laccase degrading bacterial colony characterization visual inspection was carried out and irregular, circular shape, brown, red, pinkish and creamish colour was found....

Author(s):Ruchika Sharma, Anish Sharma and Poonam Shirkot

Comparison of qualitative and quantitative methods for isolation of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms

Article in Press

Phosphate solubilizing bacteria possess the ability to solubilize insoluble phosphate to soluble forms by enhancing the nutrient status of the soil. This process not only compensates increasing cost of phosphatic fertilizers but also minimizes the negative environmental impacts associated with the application of inorganic fertilizers. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) were screened based on the size of a halo/clear...

Author(s):Hettiarachchi R. H. A. N. and Walpola B. C.

Screening for phosphate solubilization potential of two rhizospheric fungi

Article in Press

Microbes are known as an important natural phosphate solubilizing agent in rhizospheric soil. Therefore, the phosphate solubilization potential of two selected fungi, viz., Aspergillus fumigatus and Fusarium oxysporum isolated from rhizospheres of Acer oblongum and Cupressus torulosa, respectively were screened for the present study. Phosphate solubilization potential of selected fungi was observed by solubilization index...

Author(s):S. C. Sati, P. Pant, P. Kumar

Microbial quality of traditional and industrial yoghurts: A review

Article in Press

Milk and dairy products consists a part of the nutrition pyramid . Dairy products may be contaminated with various bacteria and fungi. Investigation has demonstrated that the contamination in traditionally processed yoghurts were higher than industrially processed ones. The main purpose of this review was to collect data from studies on microbial quality of probiotic and non-probiotic yoghurts. Data reported adverse...

Author(s):Mahsa Khaleghi, Aziz Homayouni Rad, Haniyeh Rasouli Pirouzian, Mina Javadi, Hossein Samadi Kafil

Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter species isolates from human stools and poultry on free range during the three seasons in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria

Article in Press

Campylobacter species are among the most leading bacterial causes of gastroenteritis with its associated public health and economic challenges worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter species in poultry on free range and humans during the three seasons in Sokoto state and determine the resistance of the isolates to commonly used and abused antibiotics. Cloacal and faecal swabs were...

Author(s):Innocent Okwundu Nwankwo and Mohammed Danladi Salihu

Fermentation properties and monacolin K formation by Monascus spp in brewing rice wine

Article in Press

Objectives To improve the content of monacolin K in rice wine, fermentation properties and monacolin K formation by red yeast rice collected from Southern China were studied while brewing new functional rice wine . Results Red yeast rice Ⅰ and red yeast rice Ⅲ have fast fermentation dynamics. The content of monacolin K is higher in red yeast rice Ⅰ that can be up to 0.86 ug / ml; the rice wine brewed by the red yeast...

Author(s):Zhipeng Wang •Zhaoyang Qin•Cuicui Wang • Guomin Wang • Hairu Jin

Antibacterial, muscle relaxant, and hypnotic effects of seeds of Peganum harmala on mice

Article in Press

Peganum harmala seed extract has been frequently reported to posses antibacterial potential through invivo studies. Peganum harmala L. (Zygophyllaceae) is one of the most famous medicinal plants used in traditional medicine of Iraq. The harmaline, harmalol and harmine exerted many pharmacodynemic effect on the central nervous system, ranged between stimulation and depression depending on the dose. Peganum harmala indicate...

Author(s):Thamer Mutlag Jasim

Characterization of microorganisms isolated from ruminant fermented water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) feed

Article in Press

The aim of this study was to determine the number of bacteria and fungi in the fermentation process and characterization of these microorganisms. There were several steps in this research including production of fermented feed, isolation of indigenous microorganisms, purification, characterization of microorganisms, species identification and test of cellulolytic activity. Results showed that eight bacteria and four fungi...

Author(s):Isnawati, Guntur Trimulyono

Chemical compositions, in vitro antibacterial behavior and antioxidant effect of volatile oil and phenolic extracts from wild Juniperus phoenicea L. growing in Southwest of Algeria

Article in Press

This work examines the chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of four phenolic extracts and essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea L. (cuprecaceae) aerial parts growing spontaneously in el Bayedh region of southwestern Algeria. The hydro-distillated essential oil from this plant was characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This oil is mainly composed of monoterpene and...

Author(s):Ghouti Dalila, Lazouni Hamadi Abderrahmane, Moussaoui Abdallah and Chabane Sari Daoudi

Biotechnological and industrial applications of enzymes produced by extremophilic bacteria. A mini review

Article in Press

Extremophilic bacteria are important groups of extremophilic organisms that have been studied during the two decades. The demand for enzymes from extremophilic bacteria has increased considerably due to its potential industrial application and great diversity and can work under extreme conditions. Due to their activity and stability under extreme conditions, these enzymes offer new alternatives for current biotechnological...

Author(s):Kelly Dumorné

Effect of indigenous and effective microorganism fertilizers on soil microorganisms and yield of Irish potato in Bambili, Cameroon

Article in Press

Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum) is one of the world’s most consumed staple worldwide and an important crop in terms of food security in the face of population growth and increased hunger rates. Potato yields in Cameroon have often been low as a result of decrease in soil fertility. Soil fertility has often been regarded as the chemical and physical properties of soil, with the microbial aspect often being ignored. An...

Author(s):Taffouo Victor Desiré, Muyang Rosaline Fosah, Mbouobda Hermann Desiré and Fotso

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