Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009

JAERD Articles in press

Article in Press

Constraints of Mobile Phone Utilization for Rural Innovation Services in Gomma District, Southwest Ethiopia

Mobile phone can promote rural innovation services for rural farmers. Ethiopia, one of the lowest Information Communication Technology penetrated countries in Africa, had around 25 million mobile subscribers (i.e. 20% of the total population). Unreliable power supply and poor rural network connections are factors affecting mobile phone utilization for rural innovation services. This study aimed to analyze the constraints...

Author(s):Berhanu Daniso

Article in Press

Stingless bees honey production and marketing practices in West Shoa Zone

The study was conducted in four districts of West Showa Zone, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. The objective was to assess the stingless bees’ production system and marketing to identify the potential areas for intervention and improve the production of stingless bees honey and other products.12 peasant associations were purposively selected. Totally 120 households were selected based on the availability of stingless...

Author(s):Chala Kinati

Article in Press

Pre-scaling up of Improved Maize Variety in Highlands and Midhighlands of West Guji Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted at Bule Hora district of West Guji zone, Southern Oromia with the objective of further disseminating the already evaluated and selected variety Maize, Jibat (AMH-851) to the farming community. The district was selected purposively based on potentiality and accessibility for maize production; and two potential peasant associations (PA’s), Hera Liphitu and MetiTokuma were selected. A total of 20...

Author(s):Feyissa Desiso

Article in Press

Gender Analysis of the Intensity of Pesticide Usage among Cocoa Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

The study area was Ekiti State due to her predominance in cocoa production. The study examined the intensity of pesticide usage among male and female cocoa farmers. A total of 240 male and female cocoa farmers were selected in five Local Government Areas of the State through multi stage sampling technique. Data from the survey were analysed with descriptive and appropriate inferential statistics. Results show that male...

Author(s):OLOWOYO Olamide Ahmed

Article in Press

Potential for introduction of e-extension in Lesotho

The study aimed to investigate the potential for introducing e-extension in Lesotho by looking to know the level of awareness of agricultural extension practitioners regarding ICT opportunities and advances in enhancing extension delivery, access, to and use of ICT resources by extension practitioners, agricultural extension practitioners knowledge and experience in ICT and level of readiness by extension practitioners to...

Author(s):AMOJAKI R

Article in Press

Use of Audio Visual Aids by Extension Agents in Rivers State, Nigeria

The studied examined the use of audio visual aids by extension agents in teaching rural farmers in Rivers state. The study specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of extension agents, determined the perceived extent to the use of audio visual aids and the problems encountered. Twenty-five ADP extension agents were sampled. Data analysis and measurement was done using descriptive statistics. The results...

Author(s):Nengi Legbosi

Article in Press

Gender Roles in Fisheries Post-Harvesting Activities in Catch-Locations within Coastal Areas of Lagos State Nigeria

This study examined the gender roles in Fisheries Post-harvesting Activities (FPhA); which stems from a significant knowledge gap regarding gender roles in the subsistence fishery industry. It was conducted in five catch-locations within coastal areas of Lagos State Nigeria viz; Ikorodu, Badagry, Epe, Lekki and Makoko. Purposive and snowballing sampling techniques were used to select the respondents. Data was collected...

Author(s):Olusola Benson

Article in Press

Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Women’s in Non –farm Livelihood Diversification: A Case study from Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

It is universally accepted that agriculture sector is incapable of creating sufficient gainful employment, food security and spurring economic growth in rural areas of developing countries. Even if our country Ethiopia practice agriculture for a long period, expected outcome is not attained on sustainable basis to the livelihood of the households and food insecurity until nowadays due to limited attention for the high...

Author(s):Eyayu Kasseye Bayu

Article in Press

Impact of Harvest and Post-Harvest Losses of Yams on the Socio-Economic Well-Being of Yam Farmers of the Benue Valley Region of Nigeria

The study assessed the impacts of yam post-harvest losses on the socio-economic wellbeing of yam farmers of the Benue Valley Region of Nigeria. The study examined factors influencing yam post-harvest losses among yam farmers of the Benue Valley, the impacts of yam post-harvest losses on the socio-economic wellbeing of yam farmers of Benue Valley and possible suggestions for controlling post-harvest losses of yam....

Author(s):Akpehe Godwin Aondongu

Article in Press

Beekeeping management practices and gap analysis of beekeepers at different agro-ecological zones of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia

The study was conducted to assess beekeeping practices, seasonal colony management gaps in eastern, south-east and central zones of Tigray region in northern Ethiopia. About 384 beekeepers were interviewed. The trend of honeybee colonies indicated an increment in the last five years but variable (72%) in honey production.The majority (77.3%) of beekeepers inspected their apiary and honeybee colonies externally and only...

Author(s):Guesh Godifey

Article in Press

The Motives and Determinants of Livelihood Diversification? Evidence from Literatures in Rural Part of Ethiopia

Livelihood diversification becomes a norm in developing countries including Ethiopia. But, the motives for livelihood diversification vary according to the contexts, local settings and asset possessions of a household. Thus, the main aim of this study intends to assess the motives of rural household’s livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. The discussions were done based on systematically reviewed secondary data on...

Author(s):Yenesew Sewnet

Article in Press

Determinants and challenges of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Ethiopia: Qualitative Review

The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search terms from database, Google scholar and Google. After thoroughly reading 37 papers were used to review out of 171 papers due to different reasons. There are a lot of push and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Some the...

Author(s):Wondim Awoke Kassa

Article in Press

Determinants of commercialization of teff crop in Abay Chomen district, Horo Guduru wallaga zone, Oromia Regional state, Ethiopia

This paper aimed to identify factors affecting teff commercialization in Abay chomen district by using primary data that were collected during February and January 2017 from teff producer’s sampled households. Semi structured interview schedule and Focus Group Discussion was used for data collection purpose. Descriptive statistics and heckman two stage models were used to analysis the collected data. The paper showed that...

Author(s):Edosa Tadesa Leta

Article in Press

Mapping the severity of utilization constraints of organic farming practices by arable crop farmers in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria

The study mapped the severity of observed constraints faced by farmers in utilizing organic farming practices in Abak agricultural zone of Akwa Ibom State. It was a survey research that employed simple random sampling technique in the selection of respondents. Constraint to Utilization of Organic Farming Practices Scale, with Test-retest reliability and internal consistency coefficients of 0.63 and 0.78 respectively, was...

Author(s):Ekanem Jemimah Timothy

Article in Press

ICT in Greenhouse Farming: Smallholder Farmers Training Programme in Kenya

Increasing agricultural production is critical in reducing poverty as it boosts farmers’ income especially smallholder farmers who have limited resources to leverage in growing and marketing their produce. Greenhouse farming has been identified as a viable technology for smallholder farmers to venture in as it promises high returns from limited land resources and labour. With diminishing support from extension officers in...

Author(s):Martina Mutheu

Article in Press


Crops and livestock sectors constitute agriculture in Botswana. The sectors are dominated by small-scale farmers engaged in traditional production systems. National Agriculture Policy calls for an effective extension service to ensure continued farmer capacity building, increased efficiency and production by the sectors. Several extension approaches adopted over 79 years have been replaced one after the other since 1926...

Author(s):Flora Modiane Tladi-Sekgwama

Article in Press

Indigenous Methods and Practices Used by Farmers for Protecting their Stored Maize Grains from Insect Pests in Southern Ethiopia

A survey using face to face semi-structured interviews and farmer’s participatory discussion was administered to 360 and 504 farmers, respectively in major maize growing areas of Hadiya and Silte zones, for investigating indigenous methods and practices used by famers in protection of their maize grains against insect pests in the years 2013/2014 and 2015/2016. Survey results revealed that farmers used various methods of...

Author(s):Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu

Article in Press


Sugarcane industry is at second position after textile industry in Pakistan. By the export of refined sugar, it plays a significant role in the economy of the country. Public and private sectors extension field staff work with sugarcane growers to improve their per acre yield. The research was conducted to compare and identify the services provided by those two sectors. A total of 150 respondents were selected randomly and...

Author(s):Muhammad Zahid Farooq, Badar Naseem Siddiqui, Khalid Masud, M. Rameez Akram Khan, Waqar-ul-Hassan Tareen, Muhammad Ali, Adnan Rayit, Syed Ali Asghar Shah, Khawaja Muhammad Dawood, Muhammad and Ghazanfar Naeem

Article in Press

Rural Households Food Security and Its Determinants: The Case of Assosa Zone, Western Ethiopia

This study analyzed rural households’ food security and its determinants in Assosa zone, western Ethiopia. The study used a primary data collected from 276 randomly selected households using interview schedule. In addition, focus group discussion (FGD) and key informants interview were also used to obtain a qualitative primary data. As to the method of data analysis, the study employed descriptive statistics (such as mean,...

Author(s):Seid Sani and Biruk Kemaw

Article in Press

Effect of pigeon-pea cropping mixture on farmers yield in Kaduna State, Nigeria

The paper examined the adoption of pigeon-pea cropping mixtures and its effect on farmers’ yield. One Hundred and sixty six (166) farmers were purposively selected for the study. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire. Information obtained was analyzed by means of descriptive (standard normal test). Results indicated the mean differences between adopters and non adopters to be 388.7 kg/ha, while...

Author(s):M. Y. Abdullahi, A. A. Banta, A. A. Wahab and H. M. Yakubu

Article in Press

Relationship between porter’s competitive forces and advantageous products manufactured by micro and small food enterprises in Kenya

The study examined the influence of the three of Porter’s competitive forces (buyers’ bargaining power, suppliers bargaining power and rivalry among existing competitors) on advantageous food products manufactured in Kenya. The study sampled 132 value-addition Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) using snowballing and fisher formula in Busia and Nairobi Counties, respectively. The Porter’s industry analysis model informed...

Author(s):Omillo Francis Okumu, Ng’ang’a Stephen Irura and Maina Faith

Article in Press

Inter-relationship of corporate governance mechanisms and financial performance of coffee farmer’s co-operative societies in Kenya

The paper shows that the performance of coffee farmer’s co-operative societies is a function of the interplay of corporate governance mechanisms: Board Size, Board Composition and status of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The paper has been built from a previous study by Musuya that recommended a further research on the effect of inter-relationship of corporate governance mechanisms and financial performance amongst...

Author(s):David Musuya and Kadian Wamyama

Article in Press

Assessment of poultry farmers’ contact with veterinary services for poultry development in Ekiti State, Nigeria

This study assessed poultry farmers’ contact with veterinary services for poultry development by poultry farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire schedule was used to obtain data from a total number of 102 poultry farmers who were purposively selected from the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation (PPMC). Findings showed that majority of the...

Author(s):Oluwaseun Adojutelegan, Temitope Makanju and Jones Akangbe

Article in Press

The Effect of Social-Demography on Training Needs of Agricultural Extension Agents in some Iraqi Provinces

The specific objectives of the study are to identify the training needs of agricultural extension workers in some areas of Iraqi provinces. An effective way to provide human resources with knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes necessary to perform their jobs efficiently in the training needs of agricultural extension agents should be identified. Identifying the training needs of agricultural extension agents,...

Author(s):Norsida Jasim, Norsida Binti Man and Jasim Mohammed Saleh

Article in Press

Impact of Fadama III additional financing (AF) on the yield and income of beneficiaries in some selected lgas of Sokoto state, Nigeria

Successive administration in Nigeria has initiated different projects with the aim of improving the income and productivity of the small-scale rural farmers thereby ensuring food security. However, most of these projects have not achieved the desired goal of improving the productivity, income and the living standard of the poor rural farmers in Nigeria. It is on record that since independence, the Government of Nigeria in...

Author(s):Isah Abubakar Idris and Muhammad Sani M. Jabo

Article in Press

Involvement of rural youths in agricultural entrepreneurial activities in Imo State, Nigeria

The need for youth employment creation across the spheres of Nigeria has been long awaited with the ever-increasing unemployment rate. Youth agri-preneurs have over the years suffered neglect in their quest to contribute to food security and job creation especially in the rural areas of Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used in the selection of 180 rural youth agri-preneurs for the study. Data were...

Author(s):Obinna Alocha and Ifeanyi Ume

Article in Press

Asset ownership and welfare deprivation of women in rural Nigeria: A bi-causal relationship

Women are important segment of the human population and appropriate investment in their welfare would be of great benefit at individual, household, and community levels. There has been an increasing incidence of welfare deprivation among women in rural Nigeria. However, information on the link between asset ownership and welfare deprivation of women in rural Nigeria is scanty. Thus, the relationship between the level of...

Author(s):Oladokun Yetunde, Olasimbo.Mary and Kemisola.Omorinre Adenegan

Article in Press

Assessment of factors affecting the use of organic fertilizer among vegetable farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria

Nigeria agriculture system is characterized by smallholder farmers who have little or no access to inorganic fertilizer. However, in response to the declining soil fertility and the effects of climate change, the use of organic fertilizer has been proven to increase agricultural productivity. Owing to this backdrop, this study investigated the factors affecting the use of organic fertilizer among vegetable farmers in Kwara...

Author(s):Babasola O. J., Olaoye I. J., Alalade O. A., Ladipo T. O. and Yusof A.

Article in Press

Impact of productive safety net program in rural community of Ethiopia: A review study

Ethiopia lunched Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) as social protection program since 2005 to tackle the causes of food insecurity. Even though, the country lunched the PSNP there are different challenges that hinder proper implementation of program for attaining intended impact on rural community. This paper seeks to review the impact of Ethiopia’s PSNP and its implementation challenges through qualitative approach....

Author(s):Wondim Awoke Kassa

Article in Press

Farmers’ knowledge and practice of organic vegetable cultivation: A field level study of Two Villages from Bangladesh

The study aimed to determine farmers’ knowledge and practice regarding organic vegetable cultivation as well as to ascertain farmers’ awareness concerning health and environmental aspects. The study was conducted at two villages of Kishoregonj District. The selected villages were Shadullar Char and Borobag Char. The total number of household was 800 in two villages. Among them 400 households were randomly selected and the...

Author(s):Farouque, M. G. and Sarker, M. A.

Article in Press

Effects of resource-use conflicts on rural women farmers in southeast agro-ecological zone of Nigeria

This study analyzed specifically the effects of resource-use conflict especially, land on rural women farmers in Southeast, Nigeria. A total of 300 rural women farmers were purposively selected from 3 states in southeast where conflicts have occurred. Data collected were analyzed descriptively using percentages, mean and standard deviation. Results obtained showed that farmer-farmer conflicts, pastoralists-farmer conflicts...

Author(s):Chikaire J. U., Echetama J. A. and Godson-Ibeji C. C.

Article in Press

Impact of Millennium Village Project (MVP), on the livelihood of farmers in Pampa’ida village in Ikara Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

This study assessed the Impact of the Millennium Village Project (MVP), on livelihood of farmers in Pampa’ida village of Kaduna State. The process of data collection was through the use of structured interview schedule. The research used 120 questionnaires which were administered to the beneficiaries in the 28 settlements that constitute the study area. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were...

Author(s):Barnabas Tena Mongalaku, Ajibola Bidemi Olayemi and Yurkushi Evans Ngaltungo

Article in Press

Perceived Effect of Health status on Fadama Users Productivity in Oyo State, Nigeria

This study examined the perceived effect of health status of Fadama Users productivity in Oyo State, Nigeria. 112 out of 1,123 Fadama users were interviewed through the structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, percentages and charts were used to summarize the data collected, while Chi-Square and Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) statistical tools were used to analyze the data....

Author(s):Mojisola Fauziyah Oyewole

Article in Press

The impact of agricultural financing on agricultural output in Nigeria: An empirical analysis

This study examined the impact of agricultural financing on agricultural output in Nigeria from 1986 to 2013. The study showed a two-way causation between government spending on agriculture and agricultural output in Nigeria. It was also revealed that agricultural financing was statistically significant in the long-run. Based on these findings, the study recommended that adequate budgetary provision and releases should be...

Author(s):Victor Ushahemba Ijirshar, Joseph Fefa and Bridget Ngodoo Mile

Article in Press

Adoption of National Special Programme for Food Security (NSPFS) extension packages among participating farmers in Bauchi State, Nigeria

The study examined the adoption of National Special Programme for Food Security (NSPFS) extension packages among participating farmers in Bauchi State. Data were collected from the study area through the use of structured questionnaires administered to one hundred (100) randomly selected respondents spread across the three sites of the programmed in the state. The data were subjected to both descriptive and inferential...

Author(s):Abdulhamid A., Abdullahi S., Garba M. and Hussaini M. B.

Article in Press

Effect of stone faced soil bund on soil nutrient and moisture status

The study was conducted in Guba-Lafto Woreda of North Wollo to find out the effect of stone faced soil bund on soil macronutrients (N, P, and K), organic carbon content, soil pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), and soil moisture status. From two case study kebeles, two watersheds were purposively selected representing Dega (highland) and Woina dega (midland) agro ecological zones. Sixteen composite surface soil samples (0...

Author(s):Belay Asnake and Eyasu Elias

Article in Press

Constraints in implementation of Agricultural Technology Management Agency

The study was conducted purposively in Alwar district of Rajasthan. Three panchayat samities namely Behror, Laxmangarh and Mundawar were selected for the investigation where trainings were conducted under ATMA on mustard crop. All the respondents who have received training on mustard production technology were included for study purpose and called as beneficiary farmers, were selected randomly. Further, village-wise list...

Author(s):Amit Kumar

Article in Press

Honeybee colonies absconding in Western Tanzania: Underlying factors and its financial implications

This study was conducted to investigate honeybee colonies absconding and its financial implication among beekeepers in Tabora and Katavi regions, Western Tanzania. Four districts were selected on the basis of adoption of improved beehives. A total of 198 beekeepers were randomly selected for household interviews. Questionnaire-based data were supplemented with data from focus group discussions and interviews with key...

Author(s):Kuboja N. M., Isinika A. C. and Kilima F. T. M.

Article in Press

Pollinator Habitat: A Cooperative Project Between the Landfill Industry and Blueberry Growers

Bee decline is a threat worldwide. An Extension project was initiated to make the general public, industry, and municipalities aware of this problem. We demonstrated pollinator habitat suitable for Maine farms by developing cooperation between the Maine wild blueberry industry and a regional commercial waste landfill. The reason for involving the landfill industry was to demonstrate and encourage non-farm enterprises to...

Author(s):Alison C. Dibble, Megan Leach, Frank Drummond

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