Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009

JAERD Articles in press

Article in Press

Evaluating Nationally Released Tef Varieties for Yield and Yield Related Traits in North Western Tigray, North Ethiopia, 2018

Currently tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Totter) is becoming the most preferred crop both for consumption and market value. However, its production and productivity is still very low due to traditional agronomic practices, nutrient deficiencies, and lack of improved varities and susceptibility of the crop to lodging. The current trial was carried out during 2017 and 2018 cropping seasons in Medebay zana district’s onstation...

Author(s):Hailegebrial K., Chekole N., Redae W., and W/gerima G.

Article in Press

Current scenario and challenges of agricultural production to future food security in Bangladesh

Ensuring food security is a global challenge which can be mitigated by improving agricultural production. From last few decades, many developed nations have introduced modern and sustainable agricultural system to abate this challenge. Now, developing countries also demand the blessings of sustainable agricultural system to face this globally burning issue. The purpose of this study is to examine the current agricultural...

Author(s):Ms. Momotaz, Tanjinul Haque Mollah, Anannya Mazumder and Takaaki Nihei

Article in Press

Factors Determining Crop Farmers’ Willingness to Pay for Agricultural Extension Services in Tanzania: A case of Mpwapwa and Mvomero Districts

This study assessed crop farmers’ willingness to pay for AESs and to identify factors influencing their willingness to pay for AESs. Data were collected from 292 randomly selected crop farmers’ households between December 2017 and February 2018 using a questionnaire through face-to-face interviews. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and Tobit regression model. The study found that 92 percent of the...

Author(s):Gosbert Lukenku Shausi, Athman Kyaruzi Ahmad and Jumanne Abdallah Mushi

Article in Press

Land Degradation and Possible Mitigation Measures in Ethiopia: A Review

Land degradation is considered to be an important topic of the 21st century, which is associated with the decline in soil fertility has become a serious threat to agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Land degradation is widely recognized as reducing agricultural potential and continuing food insecurity and rural poverty. The economy of Ethiopia is mainly based on agriculture; Ethiopia has experienced...

Author(s):Belay Asnake

Article in Press

Factors influencing the adoption of improved cowpea varieties in the Sudan Savannas of Northern Nigeria

The study was undertaken to determine the level and factors influencing adoption of improved cowpea varieties introduced by the Sudan Savanna Taskforce project in Musawa Local Government Area of Katsina State. Data were collected from a random sample of 300 households from ten communities in the study area. The analytical tools used for data analysis include descriptive statistics to examine the level of adoption of...

Author(s):Joseph James Mbavai, Muhammad Bello Shitu, Oyakhilimen Oyinbo, Amadu Y. Kamara

Article in Press

Determinants of Adoption of Improved Sorghum Package in Agro-pastoral Households of Somali Region of Ethiopia, a Gender Perspective

The study analysed determinants of adoption of improved sorghum package between male- headed and female-headed households. The specific objectives were to analyse adoption differentials of improved sorghum package, and to identify factors that affect adoption decision of improved sorghum package by male and female-headed households. Purposeful sampling method was employed to select Woreda of sorghum growers with greater...

Author(s):Najib Abdi Hassen

Article in Press

Challenges and Opportunities of Information and Communication Technologies for Dissemination of Agricultural Information in Ethiopia

This review paper analyzes the challenge and opportunities of information and communication technology for dissemination of agricultural information in Ethiopia. Understanding the challenges and opportunities of information and communication technologies enables to solve the problem of information problem to smallholder farmers through implementing ICT- related agricultural extension system. The data that are collected,...

Author(s):Abebaw Abebe

Article in Press

On Farm Evaluation of Breeding Practices, Productive and Reproductive Performance of Dairy Cows in Gimbi District, West Wollega Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

The study was aimed with on farm evaluation of breeding practices, productive and reproductive performance of dairy cows at Gimbi district, West Wollega Zone from four representative kebeles by selecting a total of 120 households who involved in dairy cows production. The data were collected by household survey, personal observation, focus group discussion and key informant interview like methods and seasons of breeding,...

Author(s):Amanuel Bekuma

Article in Press

Assessment on Rural Poultry Production and Marketing System of Horro Chicken Ecotypes in the Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted aiming at assessing production and marketing system of Horro chicken ecotypes, and determining poultry health and marketing constraints across different agro-ecologies of western Ethiopia. A total of 360 householders were interviewed for the survey in Horro area (western Ethiopia) where the Horro chicken ecotypes are mainly found and sample size was determined using proportionate...

Author(s):Demissu Hundie, Gebeyehu Goshu, Berhan Tamir, Gemeda Duguma

Article in Press

Enhancement of Rice Production through on Farm Popularization of Maitsebri-2 Improved Rice Variety in North Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

For improving food security and income of the smallholder farmers in Tigray regional state, Shire Maytsebri Agricultural Research Center is executing different researches on rice. In 2016 Shire Maytsebri Agricultural Research Center has been released one improved rice variety which was named as (Maitsebri-2 rice variety). The main objective of this research was to enhance rice production in the area through demonstrating...

Author(s):Teklemariam Abadi, Desale Gebretsadik and Daniel Desta

Article in Press

The status of forest beekeeping and its challenge in Benishangul Gumuz regional state, Ethiopia

In the region concerning on the status of forest beekeeping production system their is no enough information. The objective of the study was to assess the status of forest beekeeping and related challenge faced by the beekeepers in three district of Benishangul Gumuz. Through systematic random sampling method 167 households were selected and data collected through structured interview schedule. The collected data were...

Author(s):Alayu Tarekegn

Article in Press

Factors Influencing Adoption of Improved Maize Seed Varieties among Smallholder Farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria

This study ascertained factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties in three local government areas of Kaduna State, North-central Nigeria. It collected cross-sectional data for a sample of 180 randomly selected farming households across three local government areas of the State in 2015/16. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the data. The descriptive statistics differentiated...

Author(s):Oluwatoyin Bukola Chete

Article in Press

An empirical investigation into the existence of economically sustainable alternatives and livelihoods to tobaco growing in Maracha District in Uganda

The general objective of the study was to identify the possible viable alternative livelihoods to tobacco growing. The secondary objectives were to investigate the impacts of tobacco growing in Maracha District, and to find out why farmers in Maracha District are heavily reliant on tobacco growing. A case study research strategy was employed in which data were collected using questionnaires and interviews from 164...

Author(s):John Baptist Kowa, Aziz Wakibi and Muse ma Tairi

Article in Press

Improvement on the livelihood of small holder farmers through scaling up improved Chickpea varieties with its production package in Vertisols areas of North Shewa

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is an ancient crop that belongs to the legume family. It is a high-value pulse crop that is adapted to deep black soils in cool semi-arid areas of tropics, sub-tropics as well as temperate area. These activities were conducted in the vertisols areas of North shewa Amhara Region of Ethiopia with the objectives of increasing farmers’ capacity in production and yield of chickpea for both seed and...

Author(s):Dejene Mamo, Teklemariam Ayele, Abiro Tigabie, Amsalu Abie and Ngussie Kefelegn

Article in Press

Risk attitudes of Tanzanian farmers affect investment on inorganic fertilizer: evidence from Southern and Northern highlands of Tanzania

The study aims at studying the influence of risk attitudes on the investment of inorganic fertilizers to maize farmers in Tanzania. A survey, focus group discussion and risk game with pay offs were performed to maize farmers in 25 maize growing districts of Southern and Northern highlands of Tanzania. Cross sectional data on farmers’ and farms’ characteristics, risk attitudes from an Agronomic Panel Survey (APS) of...

Author(s):Violeth J. Mwaijande, K. E. Giller, A.G.T. Schut, J. Chamberlin, A. Mushongi

Article in Press

Turning challenges into opportunity: Potential for adoption of e-extension in Lesotho

Farmers in Lesotho mostly depend on rain-fed agriculture and are in need of access to agricultural information and knowledge in a timely, complete and quality manner. The traditional practice for delivering agricultural information has mainly relied on agricultural extension staff visiting farmers in order to provide advisory services. Due to the limited number of extension staff and other challenges, the delivery of...

Author(s):Relebohile Mojaki, Keregero K.J.B. Keregero, Relebohile Mojaki

Article in Press

Needs of Agricultural Information to Smallholder Farmers of Tanqa Abergelle Woreda, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

The purpose of this research is to reveal the agricultural information need of the Abergelle woreda smallholder farmers. In this information era, information needs of smallholder farmers’ change with their geographical location, economic, demographic, psychological and institutional factors. From the 19 rural kebeles of the woreda 5 kebele were randomly selected. The sample size was specified based on Yamane (1967) formula...

Author(s):Gebru Brhane, Yared Mammo, and Gebremichael Negusse

Article in Press

Performance Evaluation and Demonstration of Hand Operated Decker Type Maize Sheller to Small Scale Farmers, Tigray, Ethiopia

Deck type hand operated Maize Sheller is one of the technologies in maize production which is adopted and modified to solve labor and time efficiency, prevent seed losses and keep the intended quality of seed. Decker type manual operated maize sheller was evaluated and, verified. The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate simple /easy, effective, efficient and affordable Hand operated Decker type maize Sheller....

Author(s):Taddesse Tesfamariam

Article in Press

Pre-scaling up of Improved Bread Wheat Technology in Moisture Stress Areas of Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, wheat grows in humid and sub-humid agro ecological zones. Eastern Amhara is one of wheat producing areas in the country, as it comprises the defined agro ecologies. However, wheat production in the area is below the national average due to low soil fertility, absence of improved wheat varieties and inputs as well as lack of decent management practices. This study carried out to create wider demand on improved...

Author(s):Ademe Mihiretu

Article in Press

Trends in livelihoods options over a five year period: A case of Murewa smallholder farmers

Inter and intra seasonal trends in livelihoods options have been reported at country and rarely at ward level in Zimbabwe. Evidence based on local level trends in livelihoods options is rare. This study thus reviewed data on livelihoods activities based on the Agriculture Food Security Monitoring System (AFSMS) surveillance system conducted by the Department of Crop and Livestock Production formerly Department of...

Author(s):Tamburirio Tecla Pasipangodya

Article in Press

On-farm Participatory Varieties Selection of Maize versus Plant Populations: The Role of Gender in Technology Preferences and Maize Production Practices in Four Districts of Western Oromia, Ethiopia

The main objective of the trial was to select best bet maize technologies through on-farm participatory evaluations of three maize varieties (BH661, BH546, and BH540) in combination with two different plant populations (44,444 plants ha-1 and 66666 plants ha-1), which was run on fifteen farmers’ plots in four districts. According to farmers’ selection, BH661variety was the most disease tolerant at all testing sites and it...

Author(s):Zerihun Abebe

Article in Press


This study was conducted in Wogera District, North Gondar zone, Ethiopia. The study was conducted to assess determinants of Eucalyptus woodlot management. The objectives of this study were; i) to investigate rationales of farmers and productivity effects of using the management practices in the study area and ii) To examine factors affecting farmers decision of adopting different woodlot management practices. To achieve...

Author(s):Abebe Dagnew

Article in Press

Determinants and Intensity of Income Diversification among Small holder Farmers in Asayita Woreda, Afar Region, Ethiopia

This paper examines measuring the intensity of income diversification and identifying the factors which determine level of income diversification in Asayita woreda Eastern part of Afar region. The study used multi stage sampling in combination with stratified and simple random sampling procedures to select kebeles and households. The Simpson Index of Diversity (SID) and Fractional response model were employed to analyze...

Author(s):Mohammd Adem

Article in Press

Seasonal climate dynamics, perceptions and multiple risk responses: Lessons from Small holder mixed agro ecosystems in Semi-arid Kenya

Climate change and variability are frequently associated with instances of dry spells and droughts which principally result from highly variable rainfall and increasing temperatures. These phenomena principally affects crop and livestock farming practiced by smallholder farmers in mixed agro ecosystems by generating social, economic and environmental losses. Resulting water scarcity, in quality and quantity, at household...

Author(s):Borona Mwenda

Article in Press

Access to Agricultural Technology Alternatives and Household Food Security Resilience

Agriculture is the main livelihood source for rural population in Ethiopia. However, the sector is blamed for its dismal performance resulted from low level of agricultural technology utilization. To redress this bottleneck, agricultural technology alternatives were promoted to solve the long-term problem of food insecurity. Although the program has supported the introduction and use of different agricultural technologies,...

Author(s):Degsew Melak

Article in Press

Factors influencing adoption of mirte fuel efficient injera baking stoves: the case of Agarfa District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

The national energy balance indicates that traditional fuels (wood, charcoal, agricultural residues and animal waste) meet 94% of the total energy supplied and that the household sector accounts for 90% of the total energy consumed in the country. The vast majority of Ethiopian households depend on the open fire stoves with very poor fuel efficiency. Due to the shortage of firewood in Ethiopian communities, baking injera...

Author(s):Biruk Fikadu Gebreyess

Article in Press

Rural Innovation Services in Gomma Woreda, Southwest Ethiopia

The mobile phone technology is an important tool to enhance farmers’ to access better marketing services, agricultural extension services, health extension services and other mobile services. This study also tried to assess rural households’ mobile phone usage status for different rural innovation services in Gomma woreda, Southwest Ethiopia. Structured interview schedule, focus group discussion, key informant interview...

Author(s):Berhanu Daniso

Article in Press

For whom will the crop be promoted? A search for gender equity along the grain-legume value chains in Uganda

There is growing interest in gender analysis and value chain analysis as tools for ensuring equitable participation in agricultural commodity markets. This study examined the gender factors that influence the patterns and levels of participation by women and men in grain value chains in Uganda. Data were collected from six districts in three regions of Uganda using qualitative gender tools. Findings show that marked...

Author(s):John James Okiror

Article in Press

Constraints of Mobile Phone Utilization for Rural Innovation Services in Gomma District, Southwest Ethiopia

Mobile phone can promote rural innovation services for rural farmers. Ethiopia, one of the lowest Information Communication Technology penetrated countries in Africa, had around 25 million mobile subscribers (i.e. 20% of the total population). Unreliable power supply and poor rural network connections are factors affecting mobile phone utilization for rural innovation services. This study aimed to analyze the constraints...

Author(s):Berhanu Daniso

Article in Press

Stingless bees honey production and marketing practices in West Shoa Zone

The study was conducted in four districts of West Showa Zone, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. The objective was to assess the stingless bees’ production system and marketing to identify the potential areas for intervention and improve the production of stingless bees honey and other products.12 peasant associations were purposively selected. Totally 120 households were selected based on the availability of stingless...

Author(s):Chala Kinati

Article in Press

Gender Analysis of the Intensity of Pesticide Usage among Cocoa Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

The study area was Ekiti State due to her predominance in cocoa production. The study examined the intensity of pesticide usage among male and female cocoa farmers. A total of 240 male and female cocoa farmers were selected in five Local Government Areas of the State through multi stage sampling technique. Data from the survey were analysed with descriptive and appropriate inferential statistics. Results show that male...

Author(s):OLOWOYO Olamide Ahmed

Article in Press

Potential for introduction of e-extension in Lesotho

The study aimed to investigate the potential for introducing e-extension in Lesotho by looking to know the level of awareness of agricultural extension practitioners regarding ICT opportunities and advances in enhancing extension delivery, access, to and use of ICT resources by extension practitioners, agricultural extension practitioners knowledge and experience in ICT and level of readiness by extension practitioners to...

Author(s):AMOJAKI R

Article in Press

Use of Audio Visual Aids by Extension Agents in Rivers State, Nigeria

The studied examined the use of audio visual aids by extension agents in teaching rural farmers in Rivers state. The study specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of extension agents, determined the perceived extent to the use of audio visual aids and the problems encountered. Twenty-five ADP extension agents were sampled. Data analysis and measurement was done using descriptive statistics. The results...

Author(s):Nengi Legbosi

Article in Press

Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Women’s in Non –farm Livelihood Diversification: A Case study from Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

It is universally accepted that agriculture sector is incapable of creating sufficient gainful employment, food security and spurring economic growth in rural areas of developing countries. Even if our country Ethiopia practice agriculture for a long period, expected outcome is not attained on sustainable basis to the livelihood of the households and food insecurity until nowadays due to limited attention for the high...

Author(s):Eyayu Kasseye Bayu

Article in Press

Impact of Harvest and Post-Harvest Losses of Yams on the Socio-Economic Well-Being of Yam Farmers of the Benue Valley Region of Nigeria

The study assessed the impacts of yam post-harvest losses on the socio-economic wellbeing of yam farmers of the Benue Valley Region of Nigeria. The study examined factors influencing yam post-harvest losses among yam farmers of the Benue Valley, the impacts of yam post-harvest losses on the socio-economic wellbeing of yam farmers of Benue Valley and possible suggestions for controlling post-harvest losses of yam....

Author(s):Akpehe Godwin Aondongu

Article in Press

The Motives and Determinants of Livelihood Diversification? Evidence from Literatures in Rural Part of Ethiopia

Livelihood diversification becomes a norm in developing countries including Ethiopia. But, the motives for livelihood diversification vary according to the contexts, local settings and asset possessions of a household. Thus, the main aim of this study intends to assess the motives of rural household’s livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. The discussions were done based on systematically reviewed secondary data on...

Author(s):Yenesew Sewnet

Article in Press

Mapping the severity of utilization constraints of organic farming practices by arable crop farmers in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria

The study mapped the severity of observed constraints faced by farmers in utilizing organic farming practices in Abak agricultural zone of Akwa Ibom State. It was a survey research that employed simple random sampling technique in the selection of respondents. Constraint to Utilization of Organic Farming Practices Scale, with Test-retest reliability and internal consistency coefficients of 0.63 and 0.78 respectively, was...

Author(s):Ekanem Jemimah Timothy

Article in Press

ICT in Greenhouse Farming: Smallholder Farmers Training Programme in Kenya

Increasing agricultural production is critical in reducing poverty as it boosts farmers’ income especially smallholder farmers who have limited resources to leverage in growing and marketing their produce. Greenhouse farming has been identified as a viable technology for smallholder farmers to venture in as it promises high returns from limited land resources and labour. With diminishing support from extension officers in...

Author(s):Martina Mutheu

Article in Press

Indigenous Methods and Practices Used by Farmers for Protecting their Stored Maize Grains from Insect Pests in Southern Ethiopia

A survey using face to face semi-structured interviews and farmer’s participatory discussion was administered to 360 and 504 farmers, respectively in major maize growing areas of Hadiya and Silte zones, for investigating indigenous methods and practices used by famers in protection of their maize grains against insect pests in the years 2013/2014 and 2015/2016. Survey results revealed that farmers used various methods of...

Author(s):Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu

Article in Press


Sugarcane industry is at second position after textile industry in Pakistan. By the export of refined sugar, it plays a significant role in the economy of the country. Public and private sectors extension field staff work with sugarcane growers to improve their per acre yield. The research was conducted to compare and identify the services provided by those two sectors. A total of 150 respondents were selected randomly and...

Author(s):Muhammad Zahid Farooq, Badar Naseem Siddiqui, Khalid Masud, M. Rameez Akram Khan, Waqar-ul-Hassan Tareen, Muhammad Ali, Adnan Rayit, Syed Ali Asghar Shah, Khawaja Muhammad Dawood, Muhammad and Ghazanfar Naeem

Article in Press

Rural Households Food Security and Its Determinants: The Case of Assosa Zone, Western Ethiopia

This study analyzed rural households’ food security and its determinants in Assosa zone, western Ethiopia. The study used a primary data collected from 276 randomly selected households using interview schedule. In addition, focus group discussion (FGD) and key informants interview were also used to obtain a qualitative primary data. As to the method of data analysis, the study employed descriptive statistics (such as mean,...

Author(s):Seid Sani and Biruk Kemaw

Article in Press

Effect of pigeon-pea cropping mixture on farmers yield in Kaduna State, Nigeria

The paper examined the adoption of pigeon-pea cropping mixtures and its effect on farmers’ yield. One Hundred and sixty six (166) farmers were purposively selected for the study. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire. Information obtained was analyzed by means of descriptive (standard normal test). Results indicated the mean differences between adopters and non adopters to be 388.7 kg/ha, while...

Author(s):M. Y. Abdullahi, A. A. Banta, A. A. Wahab and H. M. Yakubu

Article in Press

Relationship between porter’s competitive forces and advantageous products manufactured by micro and small food enterprises in Kenya

The study examined the influence of the three of Porter’s competitive forces (buyers’ bargaining power, suppliers bargaining power and rivalry among existing competitors) on advantageous food products manufactured in Kenya. The study sampled 132 value-addition Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) using snowballing and fisher formula in Busia and Nairobi Counties, respectively. The Porter’s industry analysis model informed...

Author(s):Omillo Francis Okumu, Ng’ang’a Stephen Irura and Maina Faith

Article in Press

Inter-relationship of corporate governance mechanisms and financial performance of coffee farmer’s co-operative societies in Kenya

The paper shows that the performance of coffee farmer’s co-operative societies is a function of the interplay of corporate governance mechanisms: Board Size, Board Composition and status of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The paper has been built from a previous study by Musuya that recommended a further research on the effect of inter-relationship of corporate governance mechanisms and financial performance amongst...

Author(s):David Musuya and Kadian Wamyama

Article in Press

Assessment of poultry farmers’ contact with veterinary services for poultry development in Ekiti State, Nigeria

This study assessed poultry farmers’ contact with veterinary services for poultry development by poultry farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire schedule was used to obtain data from a total number of 102 poultry farmers who were purposively selected from the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation (PPMC). Findings showed that majority of the...

Author(s):Oluwaseun Adojutelegan, Temitope Makanju and Jones Akangbe

Article in Press

The Effect of Social-Demography on Training Needs of Agricultural Extension Agents in some Iraqi Provinces

The specific objectives of the study are to identify the training needs of agricultural extension workers in some areas of Iraqi provinces. An effective way to provide human resources with knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes necessary to perform their jobs efficiently in the training needs of agricultural extension agents should be identified. Identifying the training needs of agricultural extension agents,...

Author(s):Norsida Jasim, Norsida Binti Man and Jasim Mohammed Saleh

Article in Press

Impact of Fadama III additional financing (AF) on the yield and income of beneficiaries in some selected lgas of Sokoto state, Nigeria

Successive administration in Nigeria has initiated different projects with the aim of improving the income and productivity of the small-scale rural farmers thereby ensuring food security. However, most of these projects have not achieved the desired goal of improving the productivity, income and the living standard of the poor rural farmers in Nigeria. It is on record that since independence, the Government of Nigeria in...

Author(s):Isah Abubakar Idris and Muhammad Sani M. Jabo

Article in Press

Involvement of rural youths in agricultural entrepreneurial activities in Imo State, Nigeria

The need for youth employment creation across the spheres of Nigeria has been long awaited with the ever-increasing unemployment rate. Youth agri-preneurs have over the years suffered neglect in their quest to contribute to food security and job creation especially in the rural areas of Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used in the selection of 180 rural youth agri-preneurs for the study. Data were...

Author(s):Obinna Alocha and Ifeanyi Ume

Article in Press

Asset ownership and welfare deprivation of women in rural Nigeria: A bi-causal relationship

Women are important segment of the human population and appropriate investment in their welfare would be of great benefit at individual, household, and community levels. There has been an increasing incidence of welfare deprivation among women in rural Nigeria. However, information on the link between asset ownership and welfare deprivation of women in rural Nigeria is scanty. Thus, the relationship between the level of...

Author(s):Oladokun Yetunde, Olasimbo.Mary and Kemisola.Omorinre Adenegan

Article in Press

Assessment of factors affecting the use of organic fertilizer among vegetable farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria

Nigeria agriculture system is characterized by smallholder farmers who have little or no access to inorganic fertilizer. However, in response to the declining soil fertility and the effects of climate change, the use of organic fertilizer has been proven to increase agricultural productivity. Owing to this backdrop, this study investigated the factors affecting the use of organic fertilizer among vegetable farmers in Kwara...

Author(s):Babasola O. J., Olaoye I. J., Alalade O. A., Ladipo T. O. and Yusof A.

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