Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007

JMPR Articles in press

Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Methanol Extract of Garcinia Kola Heckle Fruit Mesocarp

Article in Press

The phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of the methanol extract of Garcinia kola fruit mesocarp were investigated against four bacteria and two fungi in the study. The extract was investigated for the presence of phytochemicals using standard phytochemical screening methods. The results revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, and reducing sugar. The...

Author(s):Ali Ibeabuchi Jude, Adonu Cyril Chekwube, Okorie Ndidiamaka Hannah

Lavandula angustifolia aqueous extract ameliorates anxiety and depressive -like behaviors in chronic mild stress-treated male rats

Article in Press

Context: Evidence show anxiolytic and anti-depressant properties of lavender. Objective: Here, we studied the possible anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties of an oral lavender’s flower aqueous extract (LAE) in chronic mild stress (CMS) model of rats. Materials and Methods: Test and control rats received LAE (200 or 400 mg/ kg) and distilled water respectively. Tests of Sucrose preference (SP), elevated plus...

Author(s):Mir Behrad Aghazadeh Ghadim, Asma Neisy, Mohsen Sisakht, Zahra Khoshdel

Endophytic Aspergillus sp. Isolated from leaves of Mangifera indica, and its Biological activities

Article in Press

Endophytic compounds from Nigerian plants is of significant interest in the search for drug compounds possibly due to their potentials to contribute new compounds with biological properties in the fight against drug resistance pathogens. Consequently, this study was embarked upon to investigate the bioactivities of secondary metabolites of endophytic Aspergillus sp. isolated from the leaves of Mangifera indica. Fresh...

Author(s):Victor U. Chigozie, Moses U. Okezie, Festus B.C. Okoye and Charles O. Esimone

In Vitro Antioxidant and Anti-diabetic Activities of Carica papaya Seed Extracts

Article in Press

Carica papaya seeds have been reported in folklore medicine as a remedy used in treating diabetes mellitus without a proper documented possible mode of action. This study aimed at evaluating antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities of Carica papaya seed extracts in vitro. The air-dried ripe seeds were coarsely powdered and extracted via the soxhlet method to obtain their crude extracts. The crude extracts were then...

Author(s):Reuben Agada and Dluya Samuel Thagriki

Aquatic herbal garden a model suited to the wet land area for production and conservation of aquatic and semi aquatic medicinal plants

Article in Press

Most of the wet land area either remains unutilized or underutilized for cultivation and conservation of economic species. The area either remains covered by means of weeds or unmanaged as such lies useless. The present article introduces a model of ‘Aquatic herbal garden’ developed by Herbal research and development Institute (HRDI) at its camps in Mandal area to utilize such partially or fully waterlogged area to grow...

Author(s):C. S. Sanwal, V. P. Bhatt, A. K.Bhandari, V. Purohit

Assessment of Active Components from Invasive Alien Plant Species Distributed in Bihar

Article in Press

Plant pathogenic microbes are on rise and thus causing plants quality deterioration. Use of chemicals to lessen their effect, knowingly or unknowingly leaves their side effects. Natural product, a suitable alternative as antimicrobial agent to curb effect of such plant pathogenic microbes has led to study many rare and uncommon plants. Our study aimed to find some active constituents from invading alien species (IAS)...

Author(s):Aleya Siddiquee and Md. Sarfaraz Ahmad

New Naphthalene derivative isolated from Diaporthe sp host to Syzygium cordatum Hochst.ex Krauss plant

Article in Press

Fungal endophytes are regarded as inexhaustible sources of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals with profound antibacterial, anticancer or antifungal activities. Diaporthe sp, an endophytic fungus residing in medicinal plant S. cordatum, showed a good antagonism against bacterial pathogens of beans; Pseudomonas syringae pv phaseolicola (Psp) and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv phaseoli (Xap), with zones of inhibitions of 14.00 ±...

Author(s):Towett Kipngetich Erick, Joyce Jepkorir Kiplimo, Josphat Matasyoh

Phytochemical And Antimicrobial Analyses Of Leaf Extracts Of Cerathoteca Sesamoides And Chromolaena Odorata

Article in Press

It was reported in 2005 during WHO survey that about 70-80% of the world population use medicinal plants either in their crude unmodified form or partially in their modified semi-synthetic form of plant sources in their primary healthcare. The present study investigated the phytochemicals and antimicrobial activities of the leaf extracts of Cerathoteca sesamoides and Chromolaena odorata to ascertain their potentials in...

Author(s):Muhammad Auwal Abubakar, Anayo Christian Etonihu, Stephen Inegedu Audu, and Jibril Egwu Owuna

Phytochemical composition and in vitro Antileishmanial activity of Bidens pilosa, Tithonia diversifolia and Sonchus oleraceus extracts

Article in Press

Leishmaniasis is the second-largest parasitic killer in the world (after malaria).Currently, there are no effective vaccines or therapeutic interventions thus creating a gap for new alternative remedies in the management of the disease. Medicinal plants offer this attractive option as antileishmanial agents since they are relatively safe, locally available and affordable. The study assessed antileishmanial activity of...

Author(s):Thomas O. Momanyi, Josphat C. Matasyoh, Stephen M. Karori, Johnstone M. Ingonga

Risk of major chemical carcinogens in Adansonia digitata, Psidium guajava and Carica papaya as Therapeutic plants in Nigeria

Article in Press

Medicinal plants treatment is independent of any age groups and sexes and is used all over the world for the treatment of ailments. Accumulation of major chemical carcinogens (MCCs): Cd and Cr consumed from the leaves of Adansonia digitata, Psidium guajava and Carica papaya as therapeutic herbs leads to various health hazards. In Borno, Jigawa, and Kano States in the northern part of Nigeria with a population of...

Author(s):Raymond Njinga, Ugoeze U. Elele, Michael O. Adeleye, Morris Chukwudi

Levels of heavy metals in four malawian medicinal plants used for treatment of infectious diseases

Article in Press

Medicinal plants could potentially be contaminated with heavy metals during growing in the field, processing and/or handling. These heavy metals may be toxic to humans and cause damage to organs such as liver, kidneys and lungs. Currently, there is no data available on the levels of heavy metals in medicinal plants traditionally used for management of infectious diseases in Malawi. The aim of this study was to determine...

Author(s):Frank Ngonda, Placid Mpeketula, John Kamanula, Arox Kamng’ona, Fanuel Lampiao

Technical feasibility of products based on camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia): a review.

Article in Press

Camu-camu (CC) is a fruit from the Amazon that has been well studied and has great therapeutic potential. The present study was aimed at reviewing botanical, phitochemical and processing aspects of this fruit, in addition this biological effect. Results: Despite the amount of information available regarding this fruit and the potential use of this plant, the market lacks products based on camu-camu. This work summarizes...

Author(s):Josélia Larger Manfio, Juliana Andres Percio, Letícia Battisti Mallmann, Luis Felipe Priester, Suzane Gabriela de Carvalho, Viviane da Silva Lobo

Berberis vulgaris aqueous extract prevents carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity and lipopolysaccharides /paracetamol induced hepatitis in rats

Article in Press

The aim of this study was designed to evaluate the effect of Berberis vulgaris water extract (BWE) against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity and LPS/PCM induced- hepatic inflammation in the experimental animal models. CCl4 (100ug/kg, oral) administration for 28 days as well as the co- administration of LPS (250ug/kg bw) and PCM (2g/kg bw) for 28days resulted in massive elevation in serum and hepatic prooxidants and inflammatory...

Author(s):Mohamed Ahmed Moustafa, Doaa Ahmed Ghareeb, Maha A. El-Demellawy, Mohamed Mahmoud Elsayed

Anti-hyperglycemic effects of Stemonocoleus micranthus (Fabaceae) stembarkonalloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats

Article in Press

This study evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic potential of Stemonocoleus micranthus Harms. (Fabaceae) stem bark.Three models used in this study were: normoglycemic animal model, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and alloxan-induced hyperglycemic model for acute and prolonged administration. Five (5) groups of rats (n=6) were used for all models; group 1 served as the control while groups 2, 3, and 4 received S. micranthus...

Author(s):Florence N. Mbaoji, Collins A. Onyeto, Okechukwu O. Ndu, Bonaventure C. Obi, Akachukwu M. Onwuka, Jane N. Okoli

Anti-bacterial activity of secondary metabolites from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium

Article in Press

Mortality and morbidity due to bacterial infections continue to threaten humanity in the 21st century. Bacterial resistance to current antibiotics due to overuse has necessitated a search for new alternative novel drugs that are less prone to resistance. This study evaluated antibacterial activity of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (pyrethrum) flower extracts, fractions and isolated compounds which included pyrethrin II,...

Author(s):Caroline J. Kosgei, Josphat C. Matasyoh, Meshack Obonyo, Festus Tolo, Peter Mwitari, Beatrice Irungu, Lucia Keter and Richard Korir

Cholinesterase enzyme inhibitory activity of methanol leaf extract of Phaleria macrocarpa in Jananese madaka model

Article in Press

Neurodegenerative diseases refer to physiological changes leading to death of nerve cells present in the brain and spinal cord. Current treatment for this disease is not effective and caused many side effects. Thus, the search for alternative medicines is in high demand. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the anti-cholinesterase properties of Phaleria macrocarpa (leaf). Bioactive compounds from Phaleria...

Author(s):Ibrahim Maina Hassan, Wan Norhamidah Wan Ibrahim, Ferdaus Binti Mohamat Yusuf, Siti Aqlima Ahmad and Syahida Ahmad

Insecticidal effect of Hyptis suaveolens chemotype 1,8- cineole on lice, poultry parasites

Article in Press

Aromatic plants can provide potential alternative solutions to synthetic molecular currently used in the control of poultry ectoparasites because they are a rich source of bioactive chemicals. The purpose of this study is therefore to analyze the chemical constituents of the essential oil of H. suaveolens and to evaluate the insecticidal effect on lice parasite in chicken and turkey. A gas chromatographic analysis...

Author(s):Soumanou SALIFOU, Houénagnon Marcel Aristide HOUNGNIMASSOUN, Yvonne HOUNGBEDJI KINHOU, Christie Adjouavi DADO, Sabbas ATTINDEHOU and Sahidou SALIFOU

Phytochemical Analysis and Anti-diabetic Activity of Leaf Extract of Psydrax horizontalis Schum. and Thonn (Bridson).

Article in Press

Diabetes affects 422 million people in the world and caused 1.5 million deaths. The Psydrax genus has been reported to have various pharmacological activities. Based on ethno-pharmacological information, Psydrax horizontalis Schum. & Thonn. (Bridson) locally known as “Akata-ike” in Nsukka is used in the management of diabetes in South-eastern Nigeria. However, as at the time of this research, no previous work has been...

Author(s):Onyekere Peculiar Feenna, Odoh Uchenna Estella, Ezugwu Christopher Obodike

Chemo-profiling and assessment of antioxidant and antibacterial potentials of selected plants of family Combretaceae

Article in Press

Traditional medicine is used in all over the world, especially in developing countries. Though synthetic drugs are very effective but are harmful to human beings because of their side effects. Genus of Terminalia and Combretum species are belong to the family Combretaceae, which contains 20 genera and 600 species as herbs, shrubs and trees. These plants are used in different traditional medicine for their antioxidant...

Author(s):Arundhati Das,Akshayakumar Bastia and GyanaRanjan Rout

In vitro antimicrobial activities and phytochemical screening of selected plant extracts against some medically and agriculturally important pathogens

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, many plants are used for medicinal purpose by traditional healers without any scientific justification for their therapeutic values. The principal Aim of this study were to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the leaf, root and stem bark extracts of Rhamnus prinioides (gesho), Justicia schimperiana (sensel) and Ruta chalepensis (Tena adam) against some common pathogenic species of...

Author(s):Yirgashewa Asfere, AmehaKebede and Manikandan Muthuswamy

Estimation of elemental concentrations of Durio zibethinus Murr. using Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF)

Article in Press

The concentrations of essential macro and micro elements were determined using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence technique (EDXRF) being the most suitable instrument for the multi-element analysis in plant samples. Two macroelements (Ca and K) and seven microelements (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Rb, Sr and Br) were analyzed in different parts (leaves, wood bark and roots) of Durio zibethinus Murr. The results revealed the levels of...

Author(s):Adeniyi Sunday Adegoke and Olatunji Gabriel Ademola

Antiurolithiatic Activity of Selected Plants Extracts Against Calcium Oxalate Crystals

Article in Press

The present study was designed to evaluate the antiurolithiatic activity of selected plants extracts (Achyranthes aspera, Lawsonia inermis, Ficus benghalensis, Raphnus sativus and Macrotyloma uniflorum) against calcium oxalate crystals. The methanol extract of selected plants was analysed for in-vitro antiurolithiatic activity using nucleation, aggregation and growth assay of calcium oxalate (CaOX) monohydrate crystals....

Author(s):Sushant Aryal, Puspa Kuwar, Chhitij Thapa

An investigation into the practice and perceived essence of medicinal herb authentication by some stakeholders of traditional medicine in Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria

Article in Press

Reports from extensive surveys have indicated that about 70-80% of the world population; particularly in the developing countries rely on non-conventional medicine mainly of herbal origins for their primary health care. Correct identification and quality assurance of the starting materials are essential prerequisites to ensuring reproducible quality of herbal medicine which will contribute to its safety and efficacy. This...

Author(s):Adepoju Tunde Joseph OGUNKUNLE, Jennifer Ejiro IDEH, Esther Olubukola OBIREMI and Muhammed Adekunle JIMOH

Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Properties of Different Plant Parts of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees at Young and Mature Development Stage

Article in Press

Plant part such asleaves, stems, branches, twigs, and roots possess different therapeutic functions and activities. Besides that, development stages, either young or mature could cause several effects to the bioactive compounds as well as the antioxidant properties of the plant. Thus, an experiment was conducted using a nested design, with three replications, involved young and mature development stages and three different...

Author(s):Nor Elliza Tajidin, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed, Nor Shariah Salleh, Munirah Mohamad, Bunga Raya Ketaren

ETHNOMEDICINAL EVALUATION OF SOME ANTIMALARIAL PLANTS USED IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

The use of herbs and plant materials have always been popular in the treatment of febrile illness, and it has grown over time in malaria endemic areas. Structured questionnaires were administered in four towns in each of the three senatorial districts of Ondo state to know the most commonly used herbs and the results suggested Mango (Mangifera indica) Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) and Guava (Psidium guajava) as most...

Author(s):IYABO ADEPEJU SIMON-OKE

Alcoholic Extracts from Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Mull. Arg. improved survival of Drosophila melanogaster infected with virulent Aspergillus spp

Article in Press

Antifungal activity of the ethanolic extract of Alchornea cordifolia plant was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo against Aspergillus fumigatus, and Aspergillus terreus, mostly implicated in plant and animal fungal diseases. Antifungal potential of the extract were evaluated quantitatively in vitro using well diffusion method and in vivo by studying the survival rate of Drosophila melanogaster (Harwich) challenged with...

Author(s):Wuyep Ponchang

Preparation and Pharmaceutical Evaluation of Cream Containing Bioactive Peptides Derived from Soybean

Article in Press

Hyper pigmentation is skin disorders affect the color of skin that may require treatment. There are many chemical agents to treatment of hyper pigmentation such as hydroquinone, retinoids and other agents but do not satisfactory results and may be highly morbid. In addition to consumer prospective natural origin is more acceptable with mush less contraindication. Soybean derived peptides have demonstrated numerous...

Author(s):SHATALEBI MOHAMMADALI

Blood Glucose Lowering, Antioxidant and Nutritional Characteristics of Raw and Fermented African Star Apple Seeds (Chrysophyllum africanum) Flour.

Article in Press

Plant-based foods have health benefits and minimal side effects than synthetic anti-diabetic agents. Therefore, this study evaluated nutritional and anti-hyperglycaemic efficacies of raw African star apple (RASA) and fermented African star apple seeds (FASA). Methodology: The RASA and FASA seeds were processed into flour, and nutritional qualities, antioxidative and antidiabetic activities in wistar rats were evaluated at...

Author(s):Oluwole Steve IJAROTIMI

ANALGESIC AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT FROM THE STEM BARK OF Piptadeniastrum Africanum (MIMOSACEAE) IN MICE AND RATS

Article in Press

The stem bark of Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook. F.) (syn. Piptadenia Africana) Brenan (Mimosaceae) is used in Cameroonian and Gabonese folk medicine for the relief of some painful sicknesses. This study was intended to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the aqueous extract of P. africanum. The analgesic investigations were carried out against acute noxious stimuli, that are chemical (acetic...

Author(s):MARIUS MBIANTCHA

Ethno Botanical Perspective of Medicinal Plants in Mulkhow Valley District Upper Chitral, Pakistan

Article in Press

This paper demonstrates the ethnobotanical perspectives of medicinal plant in Mulkhow valley, district Chitral. The main aim of this research work was to gather information to document the medicinal uses of plants in Mulkhow valley. The results of ethnobotanical perspective contain quantitative information of medicinal plants used by indigenous people in Mulkhow valley. The current study conducted between 2015 – 2016...

Author(s):ZAHOOR UL HAQ

Ethnobotanical Study of Selected Medicinal Plants used against Bacterial infections in Nandi conty, Kenya

Article in Press

Globally, medicinal plants have been used to treat different human ailments from time immemorial. In Kenya, various plants are used by local people in the treatment of various diseases.This is a common practice in Nandi county due to scarce health facilities in the region, traditional beliefs, cultural barriers and availability of medicinal plants. The objective of this study was to carry out an ethnobotanical survey to...

Author(s):Philip A. Ogutu, Charles Mutai

Assessment of Total Content of Secondary Metabolites, In Vitro Free Radical Scavenging Potential and peroxide value on Different Solvent Extracts of Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Root

Article in Press

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing. Phytochemicals have two categories. These are primary and secondary constituents. Primary constituents have chlorophyll, proteins sugar and amino acids. Secondary constituents contains like terpenoids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and phenols. Secondary...

Author(s):Limenew Abate

Antibacterial and Antioxidant Compounds from the Tubers Extracts of Plectranthus edulis

Article in Press

P. edulis is an indigenous plant which has been cultivated for its edible tuber. It is claimed to have antibacterial activity. But this was not supported by scientific investigation. Hence this work explores the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of extracts and isolated compounds from the tuber of P. edulis. The effects of the extracts and isolated compounds of tubers of P. edulis were evaluated against S. aureus,...

Author(s):Yadessa Melaku, Tolessa Duguma

Ethno botanical study of medicinal plants used to treat human disease in and around Ambo town, Western Ethiopia a

Article in Press

Ethiopia has numerous plants that can be used as sources of medicine for those who cannot access modern health care. This study was conducted to document the indigenous knowledge and medicinal plants in and around Ambo town. The study was carried out from April to August 2018. A total of 49 participants were selected randomly from the representative kebeles. Twenty two medicinal plants were collected and documented based...

Author(s):Tilahun Tolossa, Adelegn Bogale

Antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Boscia Senegalensis and Tapinanthus dodoneifolius

Article in Press

Boscia senegalensis and Tapinanthus dodoneifolius are two plants mostly used by herders to treat animal diseases in the Far North Region of Cameroon. To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant potentials of these plants. To achieve this, five extracts (water, methanol, chloroform and hexane) of both plants obtained by successive fractionation were used. Antibacterial activities of the different...

Author(s):Ronald Romuald B. Vougat Ngom, Ziebe Roland, Rebecca B. Garabed, Foyet Harquin Simplice

ETHNO-MEDICINAL STUDY OF PLANTS USED FOR TREATMENT OF HUMAN AND LIVESTOCK AILMENTS BY TRADITIONAL HEALERS IN GOBA WOREDA, BALE ZONE, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

ABSTRACT The investigation of traditional medicinal plants was performed in Bale district from August to October 2018 in three kebeles Kedu, Elasa and Aloshe Tilo. In the study area diverse medicinal plant were used to treat many human and livestock disease. The data were collected from the informants through semi-structured interview, discussion and collected plant samples from the study areas that were used to treat...

Author(s):HABTAMU TEDILA MENGISTU

Acute and Sub-acute toxicity studies of the ethanolic stem and root extract of Aristolochia ringens (vahl) and Securidaca longepedunculata fresens in rats.

Article in Press

Aristolochia ringens (Vahl) and Securidaca longepedunculata Fresens are used in traditional African medicine for the treatment of arthritis, diarrhoea, asthma, snakebites and skin rashes. This present study examines the acute and sub-acute toxicity effects of these plants in rats. The animals (5 per group) were treated daily with the extract at doses of 100, 250, 500 mg/kg orally for 28 days. Control group received...

Author(s):Adedotun Adekunle and Adewale Lawal

Large cardamom (A. subulatum Roxb) is perhaps among the oldest spices to be known for mankind which is one livelihood option for mountain inhabitants

Article in Press

Large cardamom (Amomum. subulatum Roxb) commonly known as a badi elaichi, is a tall, perennial, evergreen, herbaceous monocot plant. Large cardamom is well known spice, which has medicinal value. The present study has been designed to explore the base line morphological characteristics, chemo-profile, to raise superior quality planting materials through micro propagation and large cardamom farming as an appropriate...

Author(s): ARVIND K BHANDARI

An Ethnobotanical Study of Traditionally Used Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Human Diseases in Goba District of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

Article in Press

An ethnobotanical study of traditionally used medicinal plants to trat human disease was conducted in Goba District of Bale Zone, Ethiopia. Information was gathered from 60 informants using semi-structured interview. For data collection the site and the informants were selected purposivelly. During the study, a total of 42 medicinal plant speceis belonging to 24 families were recorded. The family Euphorbiaceae has four...

Author(s):SEBSIBE AYALEW

Effect of dosage of methanol and omidun extracts of root of V. paradoxa on hematological parameters of diarrhea-induced Albino rats

Article in Press

Investigation was carried out on the effects of 50mg/mL and 100mg/mL concentration of methanol and omidun extracts of root of V. paradoxa on hematological parameters of diarrhea induced albino rats. A total of 5 test organisms ((Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922,Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli ‘EPEC ATCC 43887’, Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli ‘EHEC ATCC 43889’) associated with...

Author(s):Falana M. B

Effects of aqueous mango leaf (Magnifera indica) on alloxan-induced diabetes in albino rats “Rattus rattus”

Article in Press

Studies on the medicinal (hypoglycemic) potential of Magnifera indica (M. indica) have been documented. However, little may still be known about the dose level and the effects it may have on haematocrit, liver enzymes and body weight of a diabetic individual. The present study was designed to investigate the hypoglycemic effect of aqueous M. indica leaves extract on alloxan-induced diabetes in albino rats Rattus rattus....

Author(s):Andong

The Effect of Chloroform Extract of Chasmenthera dependens Roots on some Liver marker enzymes on Carbon Tetrachloride (Ccl4) Induced Hepatotoxicity in Wistar Albino Rats.

Article in Press

This study evaluated the phytoconstituents of the chloroform extract of Chasmenthera dependens (C. dependens) roots and the effect of the extract on the liver serum/homogenate enzyme activities of carbon Tetrachloride Induced hepatoxicity in Wistar Albino Rats. Twenty-four (24) female albino rats were used for this study and were divided into groups of four rats each: Groups I rats were normal control. Hepatotoxicity was...

Author(s):CHIOMA ASSUMPTA ANOSIKE, JUSTUS NMADUKA NWACHUKWU, CHINEDU SAMUEL OGBOZOR, CHIDI AUGUSTINE MADUEKEU

A Review of the Ethnomedicinal uses of pteridophytes for treating various human ailments in India

Article in Press

Pteridophytes present significant evolutionary innovations such as development of true conducting system with xylem and phloem and dominant saprophytic phase. Pteridophytes are frequently used as ornamental plants because of the green long lasting large foliage and sturdy plant forms. They are being used as bio-indicators for pollution, phytoremediators, and some used as bio-fertilizers. During the invasion of land...

Author(s):Uniyal

Sub-chronic toxicity studies on the methanol stem bark extract of Uapaca togoensis (pax) in adult Wistar Rats

Article in Press

The stem bark and leaves of Uapaca togoensis has been used in traditional medicine to treat fever, epilepsy, rheumatism, vomiting and fatigue. The present study was designed to evaluate the acute and sub-chronic toxicity profile of the methanol stem bark extract of Uapaca togoensis as there are no reported toxicological studies on the plant. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, steroids,...

Author(s):AMINA BUSOLA OLORUKOOBA, BEN AHMED CHINDO and JANE I EJIOFOR

Quantification of bioactive compounds in Leucas biflora through high performance liquid chromatography

Article in Press

L. biflora (Vahl) R. Br. is ethnobotanically considered as cancer plant. It is arare medicinal plant. It is applied for the treatment of conjunctivitis, nasal bleeding, white discharge etc. For the medicinal property identification and quantitation of the bioactive compounds in this plant not been reported previously. Therefore, high performance liquid chromatography fingerprinting profile has been reported till date....

Author(s):Pal

Ethno-Botanical Study on the use and knowledge of medicinal plants at three kebeles of Fedis district of Oromiya regional state; adjacent to the Babile Elephant Sanctuary, Eastern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

This study was carried out to collect and document indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants among the traditional healers of Fedis district of Oromiya regional state, East Ethiopia. The ethnobotanical data were collected from 36 traditional healers (24 male and 12 female) using semi-structured questionnaire, observation and guided field walks. The survey identified 64 medicinal plants distributed into 39 families and 59...

Author(s):AMBERBIR ABEBE

Determination of the total phenolic content and spectral study of the herbal drug, Chromolona odorata Linn by spectrophotometric method

Article in Press

Chromolaena odorata is a medicinal plant that is widely used in folk medicine many Nigerian communities for treatment of several ailments and diseases. In particular, local formulations of the herbal plant are used to treat wounds, burns and skin infections. The plant extracts have also shown anticancer, antidiabetic, hepaprotective, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. The aim of the study was to...

Author(s):Nworie

Evaluation of the wound healing properties of methanolic bark extract of Samadera indica Gaertner in vivo

Article in Press

In the present study, bark samples of Samadera indica were collected, allowed to shade dry for a week, then coarsely powdered and was extracted with methanol by soxhlation process. The extract was used for wound healing experiment. In the wound healing study using excision wound model, 18 healthy Albino rats of four each with average body weight of 150-200 g was selected randomly for the study, which will be divided into...

Author(s):Rama Bhat, P.

OPTIMIZATION OF EXTRACTION, CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM BLACK CUMIN ( NIGELLA SATIVA L.) SEEDS BY USING CLEVENGER DISTILLATION

Article in Press

Essential oils are secondary metabolities that are highly concentrated substances extracted from flowers, leaves, stems, roots, seeds, barks, resins, or fruit rinds. Essential oils have been recognized as some of the most promising compounds in the development of novel products particularly in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, food and perfumery industries. Black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) belonging to family Rannunculaceae...

Author(s):Demis

An Evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Allium ampeloprasum var Iranicum, Echinophora platyloba L and Pistacia atlantica kurdica

Article in Press

The main aims of this study have been finding out the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and preliminary phytochemical screening of three traditional plants of Iran namely, Allium ampeloprasum var. iranicum, Echinophora platyloba L and Pistacia atlantica kurdica were studied. In this experimental study, the maceration technique was used to prepare alcoholic extract. The effect of extract was analyzed based on disk...

Author(s):Avin Aghemiri, Asrin Aghemiri and Alireza Massiha

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