Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007

JMPR Articles in press

Lavandula angustifolia aqueous extract ameliorates anxiety and depressive -like behaviors in chronic mild stress-treated male rats

Article in Press

Context: Evidence show anxiolytic and anti-depressant properties of lavender. Objective: Here, we studied the possible anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties of an oral lavender’s flower aqueous extract (LAE) in chronic mild stress (CMS) model of rats. Materials and Methods: Test and control rats received LAE (200 or 400 mg/ kg) and distilled water respectively. Tests of Sucrose preference (SP), elevated plus...

Author(s):Mir Behrad Aghazadeh Ghadim, Asma Neisy, Mohsen Sisakht, Zahra Khoshdel

Histological, Hormonal and Semen Quality Assessment Following Ingestion of Clove Buds (Syzgium aromaticum) on the Testes of Adult Male Sprague Dawley Rats

Article in Press

Background: Environmental pollution, stress, lifestyle, infections and several other factors are major aetiological factors of male infertility. Aim: To evaluate the effects of oral ingestion of aqueous extract of Syzygium aromaticum (clove buds) on the seminiferous tubules, testicular histology, testosterone level and its effects on semen profile. Methods: Twenty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats used for this study...

Author(s):Adejoke Elizabeth Memudu, Amos Amoo Odetola, Olufunto Omodele Adeleye, Santos E. Ehebha

In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Psidium guajava (Guava) Leaves Extract on Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae causing Multi-drug Resistant Systemic Infections

Article in Press

Systemic bacterial infections affect almost all part of the human body systems leading to infections such as urinary tract infections, septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia, peritonitis and gastritis. Carbapenems have been used as drug of choice in the treatment of systemic infections. Studies have indicated that Enterobacteriaceae are producing enzymes such as carbapenemases, which inactivate carbapenems. There is limited...

Author(s):Henry Kwadwo Hackman, Reuben Essel Arhin, Bright Kojo Azumah, David Boateng, Blessing Nwosu, Mark Apenteng

Endophytic Aspergillus sp. Isolated from leaves of Mangifera indica, and its Biological activities

Article in Press

Endophytic compounds from Nigerian plants is of significant interest in the search for drug compounds possibly due to their potentials to contribute new compounds with biological properties in the fight against drug resistance pathogens. Consequently, this study was embarked upon to investigate the bioactivities of secondary metabolites of endophytic Aspergillus sp. isolated from the leaves of Mangifera indica. Fresh...

Author(s):Victor U. Chigozie, Moses U. Okezie, Festus B.C. Okoye and Charles O. Esimone

Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants Commonly Used in Snakebites in North Western Nigeria

Article in Press

The incidence of snake bite in rural West Africa is reportedly high with an 11–17% mortality rate. Nigeria has one third of the cases for snake bite cases in this region.Thus, most tribes in North-western part of Nigeria depend on medicinal plants for snakebites. However, it appears that a gap exists on documentation of these plants especially tropical flora used in the management of snake bite. This led to increase...

Author(s):Ibrahim-Maigandi Hassan, Aishatu Shehu, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi, Mohammed Garba Magaji and Jamilu Ya’u

Screening open source Traditional Chinese Medicine extracts for growth-inhibiting properties towards Acinetobacter baumannii

Article in Press

Infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii and other pathogenic bacteria are a worldwide concern due to their increasingly prevalent multidrug resistance. World leaders and health organizations across the globe have voiced their concerns over antibiotic resistance and the critical need for the development of novel antibiotics. Although the number of new antibiotic drugs entering the marketplace in recent years has been...

Author(s):Lucas Poon, Thomas J. Langowski, Mozna H. Khraiwesh, Malik J. Raynor, Jesse P. Deluca, Jeffrey R. Livezey, Thomas G. Oliver, Susan Ensel, Tanja Grkovic, Barry R. O’Keefe, Patricia J. Lee

Eerdun Wurile Protects Neuron and Promotes Neurite Outgrowth through Regulation of Apoptotic Gene Expression In PC-12 Cells

Article in Press

Eerdun Wurile (EW) is one of the most widely used traditional Mongolian medicines for stroke recovery. Previous studies revealed that EW regulates brain gene expression in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). However, the fraction of active components and the specific genes regulated by such fractions have not been elucidated clearly. Here, we show that the extracts of EW regulate the expression of genes...

Author(s):Chu La, Tsogzolmaa Ganbold, Saren Gaowa, Qiburi Qiburi, Temuqile Temuqile, Huricha Baigude

In Vitro Antioxidant and Anti-diabetic Activities of Carica papaya Seed Extracts

Article in Press

Carica papaya seeds have been reported in folklore medicine as a remedy used in treating diabetes mellitus without a proper documented possible mode of action. This study aimed at evaluating antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities of Carica papaya seed extracts in vitro. The air-dried ripe seeds were coarsely powdered and extracted via the soxhlet method to obtain their crude extracts. The crude extracts were then...

Author(s):Reuben Agada and Dluya Samuel Thagriki

Protective effect of piperine from Piper chaba fruits on LPS-induced inflammation in human intestinal cell line

Article in Press

Piper chaba is a flowering vine in the family of piperaceae. It is a spicy plant widely used as food and herbal medicine in South and Southeast Asian countries. We evaluated anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of a major alkaloid extract, piperine, from P. chaba fruits on human colonic epithelial cells. The effects of piperine extract on cell viability, pro-inflammatory cytokine inhibition, and...

Author(s):Anyanee Buagaew and Natwadee Poomipark

Comparison of antioxidant role of methanol, acetone and water extracts of Andrographis paniculata Nees

Article in Press

Antioxidant properties of plants can help thwart a plethora of conditions including cancer, bronchitis, asthma, ulcers, coronary heart diseases, scabies, insomnia, senile debility, diabetes, dysentery, etc. In this study, Andrographis paniculata (Family: Acanthaceae) was investigated for antioxidant activity. DPPH, reducing power assay, total antioxidant capacity, ABTS, nitric oxide test, total phenolic and flavonoid from...

Author(s):Monsur Ahmad, Nor Mohammad, Abdullah-Al-Maswood, Md. Ashraful Alam, Md. Abdul Aziz, Md. Shahadat Hossain, Md. Rakibul Islam, Md. Giash Uddin

Larvicidal Activity of Juniperus procera Extract against Anopheles Mosquito in In vitro, North Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

Mosquitoes are the major health threat as they transmit plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Since mosquitoes developed resistances towards insecticides, investigators are searching for alternative control measures. Bioactive plant chemicals have been identified that they serve as a defense mechanism against insects’ larvae. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate larvicidal activities of Juniperus procera...

Author(s):Wondimu Ersino, Hirpasa Teressa, Tadele Alemayo

Aquatic herbal garden a model suited to the wet land area for production and conservation of aquatic and semi aquatic medicinal plants

Article in Press

Most of the wet land area either remains unutilized or underutilized for cultivation and conservation of economic species. The area either remains covered by means of weeds or unmanaged as such lies useless. The present article introduces a model of ‘Aquatic herbal garden’ developed by Herbal research and development Institute (HRDI) at its camps in Mandal area to utilize such partially or fully waterlogged area to grow...

Author(s):C. S. Sanwal, V. P. Bhatt, A. K.Bhandari, V. Purohit

Assessment of Active Components from Invasive Alien Plant Species Distributed in Bihar

Article in Press

Plant pathogenic microbes are on rise and thus causing plants quality deterioration. Use of chemicals to lessen their effect, knowingly or unknowingly leaves their side effects. Natural product, a suitable alternative as antimicrobial agent to curb effect of such plant pathogenic microbes has led to study many rare and uncommon plants. Our study aimed to find some active constituents from invading alien species (IAS)...

Author(s):Aleya Siddiquee and Md. Sarfaraz Ahmad

New Naphthalene derivative isolated from Diaporthe sp host to Syzygium cordatum Hochst.ex Krauss plant

Article in Press

Fungal endophytes are regarded as inexhaustible sources of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals with profound antibacterial, anticancer or antifungal activities. Diaporthe sp, an endophytic fungus residing in medicinal plant S. cordatum, showed a good antagonism against bacterial pathogens of beans; Pseudomonas syringae pv phaseolicola (Psp) and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv phaseoli (Xap), with zones of inhibitions of 14.00 ±...

Author(s):Towett Kipngetich Erick, Joyce Jepkorir Kiplimo, Josphat Matasyoh

Consensus level in the traditional management of diabetes and chemical potentiality of plants from north Sudanese, Burkina Faso

Article in Press

Diabetes, once less known, has become a public health problem whose prevalence is increasing in sub-Sahelian Africa. Beyond conventional medicine, patients are referred to traditional healers. The present study aimed to determine the consensus level of plant use and their antidiabetic potentiality. Thus, a semi-structured interview carried out from May 2014 to April 2018 with 120 traditional healers of the province of...

Author(s):Compaore Souleymane

anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activity of emblica officinalis (gaertn.)

Article in Press

Seeds of Emblica officinalis (Gaertn.) or Amla as its commonly called are reported to have higher therapeutic potential in comparison to the fruits in which they reside. Amla have been used for thousands of years to preserve food and treat diseases. The present in-vitro study aims to evaluate anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial functions of seed extracts of Emblica officinalis (Gaertn.) or (Amla). The...

Author(s):Pooja G. Singh, Madhu SB, Sushma BV, Gopenath TS and Kanthesh M. Basalingappa

Phytochemical And Antimicrobial Analyses Of Leaf Extracts Of Cerathoteca Sesamoides And Chromolaena Odorata

Article in Press

It was reported in 2005 during WHO survey that about 70-80% of the world population use medicinal plants either in their crude unmodified form or partially in their modified semi-synthetic form of plant sources in their primary healthcare. The present study investigated the phytochemicals and antimicrobial activities of the leaf extracts of Cerathoteca sesamoides and Chromolaena odorata to ascertain their potentials in...

Author(s):Muhammad Auwal Abubakar, Anayo Christian Etonihu, Stephen Inegedu Audu, and Jibril Egwu Owuna

Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Ethanol Extract of Feretia Apodanthera Delile Root Bark and its Fractions and Identification of Their Bioactive Components

Article in Press

Inflammation process is discomforting and available therapies are non-specific, having caused adverse drug effect in many cases; it is therefore necessary to investigate potentially useful indigenous plants for their anti-inflammatory activity to develop new therapies that will inhibit inflammatory responses without elucidating any negative effect. Recent research using standard inflammation models have provided the...

Author(s):Oluwayinka Olufunmilayo Owolabi, Dorcas Bolanle James, William Chintem, Peculiar Okoro

Phytochemical profiling by HRLCMS and evaluation of Antioxidant and Antibacterial activities of Nepalese Medicinal Plants

Article in Press

This study investigated the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant potential and antibacterial properties of Nepalese medicinal plants using various analytical techniques. A phytochemical profile of methanolic extracts of selected medicinal plants was established using High Resolution (HR)-LCMS. The extracts were tested against five different pathogenic microorganisms by agar diffusion method and showed considerable...

Author(s):Prashant Neupane, Janardan Lamichhane

Phytochemical composition and in vitro Antileishmanial activity of Bidens pilosa, Tithonia diversifolia and Sonchus oleraceus extracts

Article in Press

Leishmaniasis is the second-largest parasitic killer in the world (after malaria).Currently, there are no effective vaccines or therapeutic interventions thus creating a gap for new alternative remedies in the management of the disease. Medicinal plants offer this attractive option as antileishmanial agents since they are relatively safe, locally available and affordable. The study assessed antileishmanial activity of...

Author(s):Thomas O. Momanyi, Josphat C. Matasyoh, Stephen M. Karori, Johnstone M. Ingonga

Risk of major chemical carcinogens in Adansonia digitata, Psidium guajava and Carica papaya as Therapeutic plants in Nigeria

Article in Press

Medicinal plants treatment is independent of any age groups and sexes and is used all over the world for the treatment of ailments. Accumulation of major chemical carcinogens (MCCs): Cd and Cr consumed from the leaves of Adansonia digitata, Psidium guajava and Carica papaya as therapeutic herbs leads to various health hazards. In Borno, Jigawa, and Kano States in the northern part of Nigeria with a population of...

Author(s):Raymond Njinga, Ugoeze U. Elele, Michael O. Adeleye, Morris Chukwudi

Levels of heavy metals in four malawian medicinal plants used for treatment of infectious diseases

Article in Press

Medicinal plants could potentially be contaminated with heavy metals during growing in the field, processing and/or handling. These heavy metals may be toxic to humans and cause damage to organs such as liver, kidneys and lungs. Currently, there is no data available on the levels of heavy metals in medicinal plants traditionally used for management of infectious diseases in Malawi. The aim of this study was to determine...

Author(s):Frank Ngonda, Placid Mpeketula, John Kamanula, Arox Kamng’ona, Fanuel Lampiao

Technical feasibility of products based on camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia): a review.

Article in Press

Camu-camu (CC) is a fruit from the Amazon that has been well studied and has great therapeutic potential. The present study was aimed at reviewing botanical, phitochemical and processing aspects of this fruit, in addition this biological effect. Results: Despite the amount of information available regarding this fruit and the potential use of this plant, the market lacks products based on camu-camu. This work summarizes...

Author(s):Josélia Larger Manfio, Juliana Andres Percio, Letícia Battisti Mallmann, Luis Felipe Priester, Suzane Gabriela de Carvalho, Viviane da Silva Lobo

Chemopreventive effect of methanol extract of Anacardium occidentale nut shell on ultra-violet radiation induced skin damage

Article in Press

Anacardium occidentale nut shell liquid which is mostly known as cashew nut shell liquid has been used for decades especially by natives of South America, Asia and Africa in the treatment of topical skin diseases, skin abrasion and cancerous ulcers amongst others. Some previous studies attempted to link pharmacological activities to the antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-proliferative properties of CNSL. Chronic exposure...

Author(s):Pepple N.M., Ekoriko W.U., Idih, F.M. and Chidozie V.O.

Antimalarial potential and phytochemical composition of fractions of Lippia kituiensis Vatke (Verbenaceae) growing in Northern Tanzania

Article in Press

Despite past decades of steady advances in the fight against Malaria, statistics show that the disease is still a threat to human health. Previous successes in the development of antimalarial drugs from medicinal plants have fueled research in this area. However antimalarial studies on fractionated extracts from such plants have progressed slowly. This study reports the antimalarial potential of fractions from Lippia...

Author(s):Japheth K. Ng’etich, Hulda S Swai, Joseph M. Njokah, Sabina W. Wachira, Lilian C. Koech, and Jeremiah W. Gathirwa

Berberis vulgaris aqueous extract prevents carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity and lipopolysaccharides /paracetamol induced hepatitis in rats

Article in Press

The aim of this study was designed to evaluate the effect of Berberis vulgaris water extract (BWE) against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity and LPS/PCM induced- hepatic inflammation in the experimental animal models. CCl4 (100ug/kg, oral) administration for 28 days as well as the co- administration of LPS (250ug/kg bw) and PCM (2g/kg bw) for 28days resulted in massive elevation in serum and hepatic prooxidants and inflammatory...

Author(s):Mohamed Ahmed Moustafa, Doaa Ahmed Ghareeb, Maha A. El-Demellawy, Mohamed Mahmoud Elsayed

Anti-hyperglycemic effects of Stemonocoleus micranthus (Fabaceae) stembarkonalloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats

Article in Press

This study evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic potential of Stemonocoleus micranthus Harms. (Fabaceae) stem bark.Three models used in this study were: normoglycemic animal model, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and alloxan-induced hyperglycemic model for acute and prolonged administration. Five (5) groups of rats (n=6) were used for all models; group 1 served as the control while groups 2, 3, and 4 received S. micranthus...

Author(s):Florence N. Mbaoji, Collins A. Onyeto, Okechukwu O. Ndu, Bonaventure C. Obi, Akachukwu M. Onwuka, Jane N. Okoli

Anti-bacterial activity of secondary metabolites from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium

Article in Press

Mortality and morbidity due to bacterial infections continue to threaten humanity in the 21st century. Bacterial resistance to current antibiotics due to overuse has necessitated a search for new alternative novel drugs that are less prone to resistance. This study evaluated antibacterial activity of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (pyrethrum) flower extracts, fractions and isolated compounds which included pyrethrin II,...

Author(s):Caroline J. Kosgei, Josphat C. Matasyoh, Meshack Obonyo, Festus Tolo, Peter Mwitari, Beatrice Irungu, Lucia Keter and Richard Korir

Cholinesterase enzyme inhibitory activity of methanol leaf extract of Phaleria macrocarpa in Jananese madaka model

Article in Press

Neurodegenerative diseases refer to physiological changes leading to death of nerve cells present in the brain and spinal cord. Current treatment for this disease is not effective and caused many side effects. Thus, the search for alternative medicines is in high demand. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the anti-cholinesterase properties of Phaleria macrocarpa (leaf). Bioactive compounds from Phaleria...

Author(s):Ibrahim Maina Hassan, Wan Norhamidah Wan Ibrahim, Ferdaus Binti Mohamat Yusuf, Siti Aqlima Ahmad and Syahida Ahmad

Insecticidal effect of Hyptis suaveolens chemotype 1,8- cineole on lice, poultry parasites

Article in Press

Aromatic plants can provide potential alternative solutions to synthetic molecular currently used in the control of poultry ectoparasites because they are a rich source of bioactive chemicals. The purpose of this study is therefore to analyze the chemical constituents of the essential oil of H. suaveolens and to evaluate the insecticidal effect on lice parasite in chicken and turkey. A gas chromatographic analysis...

Author(s):Soumanou SALIFOU, Houénagnon Marcel Aristide HOUNGNIMASSOUN, Yvonne HOUNGBEDJI KINHOU, Christie Adjouavi DADO, Sabbas ATTINDEHOU and Sahidou SALIFOU

Phytochemical Analysis and Anti-diabetic Activity of Leaf Extract of Psydrax horizontalis Schum. and Thonn (Bridson).

Article in Press

Diabetes affects 422 million people in the world and caused 1.5 million deaths. The Psydrax genus has been reported to have various pharmacological activities. Based on ethno-pharmacological information, Psydrax horizontalis Schum. & Thonn. (Bridson) locally known as “Akata-ike” in Nsukka is used in the management of diabetes in South-eastern Nigeria. However, as at the time of this research, no previous work has been...

Author(s):Onyekere Peculiar Feenna, Odoh Uchenna Estella, Ezugwu Christopher Obodike

Chemo-profiling and assessment of antioxidant and antibacterial potentials of selected plants of family Combretaceae

Article in Press

Traditional medicine is used in all over the world, especially in developing countries. Though synthetic drugs are very effective but are harmful to human beings because of their side effects. Genus of Terminalia and Combretum species are belong to the family Combretaceae, which contains 20 genera and 600 species as herbs, shrubs and trees. These plants are used in different traditional medicine for their antioxidant...

Author(s):Arundhati Das,Akshayakumar Bastia and GyanaRanjan Rout

Hypoglycaemic effects of Salvia officinalis extracts on alloxan-induced diabetic Swiss albino mice

Article in Press

Diabetes mellitus is the fourth killer disease globally. The available management strategies are quite expensive and sometimes unsafe. This necessitates the need for bio-active drugs from medicinal plants. Salvia officinalis (sage) has been in use in herbal medicine for a long time. However, the scientific validation for anti-diabetic effects of various extracts from this plant has been elusive. The present study aimed to...

Author(s):Kanana Faith Mbiti, Maina Charles Mwendia, Kibet Joseph Mutai, and Clement Josphat Matasyoh

In vitro antimicrobial activities and phytochemical screening of selected plant extracts against some medically and agriculturally important pathogens

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, many plants are used for medicinal purpose by traditional healers without any scientific justification for their therapeutic values. The principal Aim of this study were to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the leaf, root and stem bark extracts of Rhamnus prinioides (gesho), Justicia schimperiana (sensel) and Ruta chalepensis (Tena adam) against some common pathogenic species of...

Author(s):Yirgashewa Asfere, AmehaKebede and Manikandan Muthuswamy

Estimation of elemental concentrations of Durio zibethinus Murr. using Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF)

Article in Press

The concentrations of essential macro and micro elements were determined using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence technique (EDXRF) being the most suitable instrument for the multi-element analysis in plant samples. Two macroelements (Ca and K) and seven microelements (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Rb, Sr and Br) were analyzed in different parts (leaves, wood bark and roots) of Durio zibethinus Murr. The results revealed the levels of...

Author(s):Adeniyi Sunday Adegoke and Olatunji Gabriel Ademola

Antiurolithiatic Activity of Selected Plants Extracts Against Calcium Oxalate Crystals

Article in Press

The present study was designed to evaluate the antiurolithiatic activity of selected plants extracts (Achyranthes aspera, Lawsonia inermis, Ficus benghalensis, Raphnus sativus and Macrotyloma uniflorum) against calcium oxalate crystals. The methanol extract of selected plants was analysed for in-vitro antiurolithiatic activity using nucleation, aggregation and growth assay of calcium oxalate (CaOX) monohydrate crystals....

Author(s):Sushant Aryal, Puspa Kuwar, Chhitij Thapa

An investigation into the practice and perceived essence of medicinal herb authentication by some stakeholders of traditional medicine in Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria

Article in Press

Reports from extensive surveys have indicated that about 70-80% of the world population; particularly in the developing countries rely on non-conventional medicine mainly of herbal origins for their primary health care. Correct identification and quality assurance of the starting materials are essential prerequisites to ensuring reproducible quality of herbal medicine which will contribute to its safety and efficacy. This...

Author(s):Adepoju Tunde Joseph OGUNKUNLE, Jennifer Ejiro IDEH, Esther Olubukola OBIREMI and Muhammed Adekunle JIMOH

Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Properties of Different Plant Parts of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees at Young and Mature Development Stage

Article in Press

Plant part such asleaves, stems, branches, twigs, and roots possess different therapeutic functions and activities. Besides that, development stages, either young or mature could cause several effects to the bioactive compounds as well as the antioxidant properties of the plant. Thus, an experiment was conducted using a nested design, with three replications, involved young and mature development stages and three different...

Author(s):Nor Elliza Tajidin, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed, Nor Shariah Salleh, Munirah Mohamad, Bunga Raya Ketaren

Larvicide and repellent activity of hypenia irregularis (benth.) harley in the alternative control of mosquito Aedes aegypti

Article in Press

Dengue is an emerging epidemic disease that among those transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito is the one with the highest number of cases and cases with death. With the wide dissemination of the beneficial effects of medicinal plants and the use in agriculture as a pesticide, studies on the prospection of plants with toxic activity have been increasing, highlighting extracts and essential oils. The objective of this...

Author(s):Richard Dias Possel, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Diego Patrick Nusrala Dias, Patrícia Verdugo Pascoal, Giovanna Cardoso Amui, Taciano Peres Ferreira, Ana Claudia Fernandes, Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar

ETHNOMEDICINAL EVALUATION OF SOME ANTIMALARIAL PLANTS USED IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

The use of herbs and plant materials have always been popular in the treatment of febrile illness, and it has grown over time in malaria endemic areas. Structured questionnaires were administered in four towns in each of the three senatorial districts of Ondo state to know the most commonly used herbs and the results suggested Mango (Mangifera indica) Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) and Guava (Psidium guajava) as most...

Author(s):IYABO ADEPEJU SIMON-OKE

Alcoholic Extracts from Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Mull. Arg. improved survival of Drosophila melanogaster infected with virulent Aspergillus spp

Article in Press

Antifungal activity of the ethanolic extract of Alchornea cordifolia plant was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo against Aspergillus fumigatus, and Aspergillus terreus, mostly implicated in plant and animal fungal diseases. Antifungal potential of the extract were evaluated quantitatively in vitro using well diffusion method and in vivo by studying the survival rate of Drosophila melanogaster (Harwich) challenged with...

Author(s):Wuyep Ponchang

Preparation and Pharmaceutical Evaluation of Cream Containing Bioactive Peptides Derived from Soybean

Article in Press

Hyper pigmentation is skin disorders affect the color of skin that may require treatment. There are many chemical agents to treatment of hyper pigmentation such as hydroquinone, retinoids and other agents but do not satisfactory results and may be highly morbid. In addition to consumer prospective natural origin is more acceptable with mush less contraindication. Soybean derived peptides have demonstrated numerous...

Author(s):SHATALEBI MOHAMMADALI

Blood Glucose Lowering, Antioxidant and Nutritional Characteristics of Raw and Fermented African Star Apple Seeds (Chrysophyllum africanum) Flour.

Article in Press

Plant-based foods have health benefits and minimal side effects than synthetic anti-diabetic agents. Therefore, this study evaluated nutritional and anti-hyperglycaemic efficacies of raw African star apple (RASA) and fermented African star apple seeds (FASA). Methodology: The RASA and FASA seeds were processed into flour, and nutritional qualities, antioxidative and antidiabetic activities in wistar rats were evaluated at...

Author(s):Oluwole Steve IJAROTIMI

ANALGESIC AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT FROM THE STEM BARK OF Piptadeniastrum Africanum (MIMOSACEAE) IN MICE AND RATS

Article in Press

The stem bark of Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook. F.) (syn. Piptadenia Africana) Brenan (Mimosaceae) is used in Cameroonian and Gabonese folk medicine for the relief of some painful sicknesses. This study was intended to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the aqueous extract of P. africanum. The analgesic investigations were carried out against acute noxious stimuli, that are chemical (acetic...

Author(s):MARIUS MBIANTCHA

Ethno Botanical Perspective of Medicinal Plants in Mulkhow Valley District Upper Chitral, Pakistan

Article in Press

This paper demonstrates the ethnobotanical perspectives of medicinal plant in Mulkhow valley, district Chitral. The main aim of this research work was to gather information to document the medicinal uses of plants in Mulkhow valley. The results of ethnobotanical perspective contain quantitative information of medicinal plants used by indigenous people in Mulkhow valley. The current study conducted between 2015 – 2016...

Author(s):ZAHOOR UL HAQ

Ethnobotanical Study of Selected Medicinal Plants used against Bacterial infections in Nandi conty, Kenya

Article in Press

Globally, medicinal plants have been used to treat different human ailments from time immemorial. In Kenya, various plants are used by local people in the treatment of various diseases.This is a common practice in Nandi county due to scarce health facilities in the region, traditional beliefs, cultural barriers and availability of medicinal plants. The objective of this study was to carry out an ethnobotanical survey to...

Author(s):Philip A. Ogutu, Charles Mutai

Assessment of Total Content of Secondary Metabolites, In Vitro Free Radical Scavenging Potential and peroxide value on Different Solvent Extracts of Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Root

Article in Press

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing. Phytochemicals have two categories. These are primary and secondary constituents. Primary constituents have chlorophyll, proteins sugar and amino acids. Secondary constituents contains like terpenoids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and phenols. Secondary...

Author(s):Limenew Abate

Antibacterial and Antioxidant Compounds from the Tubers Extracts of Plectranthus edulis

Article in Press

P. edulis is an indigenous plant which has been cultivated for its edible tuber. It is claimed to have antibacterial activity. But this was not supported by scientific investigation. Hence this work explores the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of extracts and isolated compounds from the tuber of P. edulis. The effects of the extracts and isolated compounds of tubers of P. edulis were evaluated against S. aureus,...

Author(s):Yadessa Melaku, Tolessa Duguma

Ethno botanical study of medicinal plants used to treat human disease in and around Ambo town, Western Ethiopia a

Article in Press

Ethiopia has numerous plants that can be used as sources of medicine for those who cannot access modern health care. This study was conducted to document the indigenous knowledge and medicinal plants in and around Ambo town. The study was carried out from April to August 2018. A total of 49 participants were selected randomly from the representative kebeles. Twenty two medicinal plants were collected and documented based...

Author(s):Tilahun Tolossa, Adelegn Bogale

Antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Boscia Senegalensis and Tapinanthus dodoneifolius

Article in Press

Boscia senegalensis and Tapinanthus dodoneifolius are two plants mostly used by herders to treat animal diseases in the Far North Region of Cameroon. To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant potentials of these plants. To achieve this, five extracts (water, methanol, chloroform and hexane) of both plants obtained by successive fractionation were used. Antibacterial activities of the different...

Author(s):Ronald Romuald B. Vougat Ngom, Ziebe Roland, Rebecca B. Garabed, Foyet Harquin Simplice

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