Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1867

Full Length Research Paper

Comparisons of children’s level of recall: Stories told through e-book and picture book

Özkan Sapsağlam
  • Özkan Sapsağlam
  • Department of Preschool Education, Faculty of Education, Yildiz Technical University Turkey.
  • Google Scholar
Demet Aydın
  • Demet Aydın
  • National Education Ministry, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar
Nazlıcan Toksoy
  • Nazlıcan Toksoy
  • National Education Ministry, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 20 February 2020
  •  Accepted: 06 March 2020
  •  Published: 31 March 2020


Preschool period covers the years when the child is in a rapid change and development in every aspect. The learning experiences in this period affect children’s development. The developments in knowledge technologies affect the child's environment and children's books. This rapid change brings with it some discussions. “Do either traditional methods or digital applications affect children's level of recalling more positively?” This question was the starting point of the research. Thus, the aim of this study is to compare the effect of stories told through e-books and picture books on children's level of recall. The research is based on random design with post-test control group from real experimental designs of quantitative research model. The groups were determined by simple random sampling method and each group consisted of 10 children. The research data were collected by asking the children various questions about the stories and the characters in the stories by the researchers after storytelling through e-book and pictures book. Mann Whitney U test was used to analyze the data. As a result of the study, it was discovered that the children in the group that the story was told by using pictures book have higher level of recall.


Key words: Preschool education, story, story book, e-book, recall.