Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1942

Full Length Research Paper

The effectiveness of response to intervention (RTI) diagnostic program in diagnosing and improving the difficulties of reading and writing in a Jordanian sample

Sabah Hasan Hamdan Al-Onizat
  • Sabah Hasan Hamdan Al-Onizat
  • Department of Special Education, Faculty of Educational Sciences, World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Jordan.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 24 November 2020
  •  Accepted: 09 January 2021
  •  Published: 30 June 2021


Al-Ansari M (2009). The effectiveness of the response model to interfere in the development of a speech-knowing skill for people with learning difficulties from secondary school pupils in the State of Kuwait. Unpublished Master Thesis, Arab Gulf University, Kuwait.


Alian A, Al-Smadi J (1988). Mental Performance Standards for Jordanian Individuals More Than 11 Years of Advanced Raven Matrices, Journal of Educational Studies, University of Jordan, Volume Fifteenth Issue No. 8.


Al-Waqfi R (2016). Learning difficulties: theoretical and practical. Dar Al-Masirah, Amman: Jordan.


Al-Zayat F (2007). Learning difficulties: teaching strategies and therapeutic approaches. University Publishing House, Cairo: Egypt


Al-Zayat M (2006). The predictive value of identifying and diagnosing learning difficulties between quantitative and qualitative analysis models. International Conference on Learning Difficulties. 11/26/2006, Riyadh: Saudi Arabia.


Bryant DP, Bryant BR, Gersten RM, Scammacca NF, CWinter A, Shih M, Pool C (2008). The Effects of TierII Intervention on the Mathematics Performance of FirstGrade Students Who are at Risk for MathematicsDifficulties. Learning Disability Quarterly 31(2):47-65.


Callender WA (2007). The Idaho Results Based Model: Implementing Response to Intervention Statewide. Response to Intervention: The Science and Practice of Assessment and Intervention pp. 331-342. New York. Springer.


Fuchs L, Fuchs D (2005). Response to Intervention (RTI) ‎as a method of LD identification, paper presented at the national research center on learning disability. United State.


Gresham FM (2002). Responsiveness to Intervention: AnAlternative Approach to the Identification of LearningDisabilities. In: R. Bradley, L. Danielson, & D.L. Hallahan (Eds.), Identification of Learning Disabilities: Research to Practice. 467-519. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Association.


Hilahan D, Kaufman J, Lloyd J, Wes M, Elizabeth M (2006). Learning difficulties: its concept - nature - therapeutic learning, (translation: Adel Abdullah Muhammad), Amman: Dar Al Fikr Distribution and Publishing. (Original publication date 2005).


Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (2004), National Center for Learning Disabilities.


Lerner J (2000). Learning Disabilities; Theories Diagnosis and Teaching Strategies (8th ed.). Boston, New YorkHoughton Mifflin Company.


Mercer C, Mercer N (2006). Teaching students with learning problems, (translation: Ibrahim Zureikat and Reda Al-Gammal), Amman: Dar Al-Fikr Distribution and Publishing. (Original publication date 2005).


Miller L (2016). Response to intervention: a mixed-methods longitudinal study of the differences in reading achievement within a school district.Doctor of Education. Munc?e, Ind?ana: Ball State Un?vers?ty.


National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) (2005). Responsiveness to Intervention and Learning Disabilities: A Report Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities Representing ElevenNational and International Organizations.

View. Retrive.


Peterson DW, Prasse DP, Shinn MR, Swerdlik ME (2007). The Illinois Flexible Service Delivery Model: AProblem-Solving Model Initiative. In S. R. Jimerson, M. K.Burns, & A. M. VanDerHeyden (Eds.), Handbook of Response to Intervention: The Science and Practice of Assessment and Intervention. 300-318. New York: Springer.


Rashid Z (2016). Intervention Response Model for People with Learning Disabilities: Mechanisms for Identification and Diagnosis, Journal of Human and Social Sciences Generation for Learning Disabilities pp. 17-18.


Sheldon H (2005). Research Roundup: Response to Intervention-APrimer, Director of Professional Services. 

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Skelding-Dills K (2013). Response to Intervention (RTI) in a High School: A Case Study of Implementation. Doctor of Education. Blacksburg, Virginia: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


Vaughn S, Linan-Thompson S, Hickman P (2003). Response to Instruction as a Means of Identifying Students with Reading/Learning Disabilities.Exceptional Children 69(4):391-409.


Wallace S (2014). Response to intervention: examining teacher perceived self-efficacy when prescribing and implementing academic and behavior interventions. Doctor of Education. Drexel University.