Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 147

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the microbial quality of seafood and effects of salt concentration and temperature on isolated microorganisms

OMOYA F. O.
  • OMOYA F. O.
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
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AJAYI A. T.
  • AJAYI A. T.
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 13 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 September 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

Seafood is part of a healthful diet, but seafood consumption is not risk-free because of sea contaminations by anthropogenic activities and environmental factors. Their microbiological quality is of major concern to the food processors, consumers and public health authorities hence the need for proper assessment of the microbial quality. This study therefore characterizes pathogenic microorganisms isolated from fresh sea snail and shrimp in Ugbo nla, Igbokoda, Ondo State, Nigeria. Isolation and molecular identification of microorganisms from snail and shrimp using 16sRNA and 18sRNA gene sequence for bacteria and fungi respectively, effects of salt concentration and temperature on isolated microorganisms were carried out using standard microbiological methods. Molecular identification revealed the presence different pathogens namely; Proteus mirabilis LZPM-03, Pantoea agglomerans BJCP2, Pseudomonas aeruginosa R8-589, Klebsiella pneumoniae 2N3, Serratia marcescens, Alcaligenes faecalis ACBC1, Yersinia. pseudotubercules YPIII, Escherichia coli 2A, Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41, Listeria monocytogen J1776, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus mirabilis LCX20, Fusarium proliferatum FproStRINI, Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357, Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 and Aspergillus peniciliodes. Also, 4% salt concentration at 45°C effectively inhibited the pathogens isolated from seafood after 18 h. The presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the sea foods could make them a potential health-risk when consumed without proper cooking. Salting, a traditional technique could be used to eliminate these pathogens before consumption.
 
Key words: Seafood, molecular identification and salt concentration.