African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 382

AJPSIR Articles

Ghanaian opinions on democracy, inter-communal violence and conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa

April 2010

This survey research explores and presents the opinions of people in Ghana on several key areas: democracy and inter-communal violence, conflict in sub-Saharan Africa, Kenyan electoral violence during December 2007/February 2008 and salient issues and problems in Ghana. The study drawing on 407 participants reveal the following: A preference for representative democracy, agreement that there is no perfect electoral...

Author(s): Idris Sharif

The effects of leadership strategies on underdevelopment in sub-Saharan Africa: A comparative perspective

March 2010

This article looks at the impact of leadership strategies on underdevelopment in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in a comparative perspective. Using survey data from the World Bank, the Afrobarometer and the freedom house index, it refutes the conventional developmental argument, demonstrating that the effect of economic growth on poverty reduction is more balanced than usually recognized. It also shows that even though SSA...

Author(s): Mathieu Petithomme

China’s foray into Africa: Ideational underpinnings and geoeconomic interests

March 2010

China’s new foreign policy stance in Africa is a marked departure from its previous emphasis on purely ideational principles designed to strengthen its standing as a supporter of the Third World. The ideational affinity with Africa has not changed in China’s foreign policy discourse, but the new emphasis is on an aggressive pursuit of its geoeconomic and geopolitical interests on the continent, marked by an...

Author(s): Chaldeans Mensah

Multiparty politics dynamics in Uganda

March 2010

  In liberal democracy, it is obvious political parties play a critical role in deepening democratic process. Besides, providing veritable avenue for popular participation, they are celebrated mechanism for political mobilization, guiding policy formulation, implementation and much more significant guards against dictatorship. In Uganda, there is evidence that political parties have not been adequately...

Author(s): Kakuba Sultan Juma

Ethiopia’s invasion of Somalia in 2006: Motives and lessons learned

February 2010

Ethiopia’s invasion of Somalia in late 2006 may go down in history as one of the most daring if not imprudent strategic decision any African government has made on its neighbour. Ethiopia’s actions to invade Somalia gets more perplexing, considering it seemed unprovoked and should have been more circumspective given Ethiopia’s own history as a victim of unprovoked invasion by Italy and its myriad...

Author(s): Napoleon A. Bamfo

Zimbabwe sanctions: An analysis of the “Lingo” guiding the perceptions of the sanctioners and the sanctionees

February 2010

This paper analyzes how the values premised in Zimbabwe’s colonial history and liberation struggle, ideological differences and partocracy have influenced the perspectives of the Zimbabwe and the Western governments respectively in understanding the causes that led to the imposition of sanctions on Zimbabwe. Furthermore, this article explores the nature of Zimbabwe sanctions by making comparative analysis of the...

Author(s): Heather Chingono

Women’s participation and the political process in Nigeria: Problems and prospects

February 2010

Nigerian women constitute about half of the population of the country and are known to play vital roles as mother, producer, time manager, community organizer and social and political activist. But despite the major roles they play and their population, the society has not given recognition to these and to the fact that they are discriminated against. This is due to some cultural stereotype, abuse of religion,...

Author(s): Damilola Taiye Agbalajobi

Ecocentric and anthropocentric policies and crises in climate/environment, finance and economy: Implications of the emerging green policy of the Obama administration for Africa’s sustainable development

January 2010

Advanced economies responded to recent global financial meltdown and economic recession by implementing “green” economic stimulus packages concentrating on environmentally-friendly and sustainable technologies. We examined this emerging paradigm against Sub-Saharan Africa’s under-development (prolonged poverty, economic stagnation/decline, weak structures, processes, institutions and attitudes required...

Author(s): Richard Ingwe, Joseph C. Ebegbulem and C. C. C. Ikeji

The effectiveness of decentralization policy in Ghana: A case study of Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrim (KEEA) and Abura –Asebu- Kwamankese (AAK) districts in Ghana

January 2010

This research aims at assessing the effectiveness of decentralization policies in Ghana with a case study conducted at Komenda–Edina–Eguafo–Abaim (KEEA) and Abura–Asebua-Kwamankese (AAK) districts in the Central Region of Ghana, the formulation and implementation of the policies and how they relate to the health, education and water sectors in the country. An interview guide was used to obtain...

Author(s): Godwin Ramous Kwame Egbenya

Linking DDR and SSR in post conflict peace- building in Africa: An overview

January 2010

This paper is an overview of the linkage between the processes of disarmament, demobilization, and rehabilitation (DDR) and Security Sector Reform (SSR). It makes the case for developing an integrated approach in trying to understand the complementary relationship between DDR and SSR by drawing on a number of peace building experiences on the African continent. The paper concludes with a number of recommendations for...

Author(s): W. Andy Knight

The Sudan’s dimensions: A country divided by ethnicity and religion

December 2009

The words ethnic group and religion have been greatly controversial in world politics and especially in the developing world. This has been evidenced in the world that the word ethnic group and religion have created civil unrests within many countries and not just on the African Continent. This means that the communities which based their lives on ethnic groups have a different view of the term than the non-ethnic group...

Author(s): Chuei D. Mareng    

African Diaspora and control of HIV infection due to unsafe medical practices in Africa

December 2009

Members of the African Diaspora have been portrayed as defectors, disloyal to their motherland. Such over generalized characterizations unfortunately risk clouding a complex reality and masking the positive involvement of a large number of Africans of the Diaspora in African affairs, particularly in the context of the HIV/AIDS crisis. One illustration of this involvement is a pilot project undertaken by US-based members...

Author(s): Ngoyi K. Zacharie Bukonda and Tumba Ghislain Disashi    

From no- party to multi-party competition: Analysing women’s candidature in Uganda’s 2006 national elections

November 2009

This article examines the question of women’s candidature in Uganda’s multi-party elections in 2006. For 20 years since 1986, Uganda was governed under a no-party system known as Movement. Under this system electoral competition took place within a framework of individual merit where nomination was based on one’s individual decision to stand for public office. Within this same period there was...

Author(s): Josephine Ahikire and Aramanzan Madanda

The crown of sciences: Can it be just a science? The journey of political science in the 20th century

November 2009

Throughout history there was an agreement that the position of Political Science is at the peak of the hierarchy of social and human disciplines. In Aristotle’s view, politics touches on all aspects of public life that the rulers should deal with. Therefore, Political Science, by nature, is different from all other fields of knowledge. The history of its development in the twentieth century is a manifestation of...

Author(s): Nasr M. Arif

Factors affecting voting behaviour and voting patterns in Zimbabwe’s 2008 harmonized elections

November 2009

Elections in Zimbabwe 2008 reflected a changing behaviour and pattern that has existed since her attainment of independence in 1980. History has it that the ruling ZANU PF has always had a sweet and easy victory over the opposition.  The 2008 elections reflected a different picture. The 2008 elections were unique not only in as far as results are concerned but also in as far as the indirect and direct...

Author(s): Didmus Dewa

Disciplinary regime, neo-liberal bio-power and alienation of national sovereignty in Cameroon: Political economy of the imprisoned body

November 2009

This study found out that Cameroon’s national sovereignty and prospects of development were alienated because globalization came to most African countries in the 1980s as a form of capitalist power with new norms that humanized disciplinary institutions in the country. It invaded all the vital sectors of the population’s life and rendered the state apparatus deviant. This power system then enabled proponents...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi    

Globalization: The theory and practice of citizenship in Africa

November 2009

Deeply articulated with the nation state, citizenship has acquired different connotations. This paper highlights how some of the major changes in our world such as globalization and the human rights regime affect the relationships between nation states and their citizens. It also show the extent these major global changes are actually affecting this most national of institutions.   Key...

Author(s): Nwaogu Kelechi Paul and Nwaogu Paul Oka

From accommodation to discrimination and exclusion: The changing pattern of inter-group relations in Nigeria

November 2009

Interactions amongst the various ethnic groups making up the Nigerian polity, pre and immediate post-independence, were seldom adversarial. They dwelt on respect, mutual understanding and accommodation of differences. Religious festivals were celebrated communally; inter-creed and inter-ethnic marriages were not so frowned against; residing outside ones ethnic locality was not packed with apprehensions.  Also, such...

Author(s): Azeez O. Olaniyan

Children as a source of happiness within the Iranian families: Profiles and challenges

November 2009

The broad intention of the present paper is to reflect a picture of children within families in Iran in so far as their value is concerned. We will find out how inspite of all the existing social and economic hardships and disorders, children try to maintain adequate synergy within their families and the society as a whole. Further, the paper is intended to provide a detailed overview of children lives in Iran in...

Author(s): Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi

The challenges of regional integration in Southern Africa

October 2009

Regional integration is increasingly being accepted as essential in facilitating economic and political development. Yet dominant development theories informing policy have yet to integrate ‘integration theory’ into their models. In Southern Africa, the attempt to achieve regional integration using ‘disintegrative’ development models has led to paralysis and pain. This paper highlights this...

Author(s): Mark Chingono and Steve Nakana

Regional conflict resolution mechanisms: A comparative analysis of two African security complexes

October 2009

The need for regional organizations to take up the resolution of the conflicts in their region or security complex has become important especially following the end of the cold war. Two regional security complexes in Africa, namely ECOWAS and SADC are examined in the light of conflicts erupting in their regions - Liberia and Sierra Leone in the ECOWAS and Lesotho and DR Congo in the SADC sub regions. The paper examines...

Author(s): Essuman-Johnson A.

The role approach as a theoretical framework for the analysis of foreign policy in third world countries

October 2009

The study of foreign policy usually focuses on the foreign policy of strong states. It is less common to analyze the foreign policy of Third World countries, not only because Third World countries are regarded as too weak and vulnerable to be influential externally, but also because finding an appropriate theoretical framework for the study of foreign policy in Third World countries is an extremely complex task. Against...

Author(s): Sofiane Sekhri    

Globalisation of the Nile perch: Assessing the socio-cultural implications of the Lake Victoria fishery in Uganda

October 2009

This is a review article that combines research findings to highlight the negative effects of Uganda’s adoption of the liberalization policies in its fisheries sector. Using Lake Victoria as a case study, the paper discusses the impact of a liberalised fisheries industry on the socio-cultural landscape of small-scale/artisanal fishers and fishery-dependent communities in Uganda. Dominated by the Nile perch,...

Author(s): Kayiso Fulgencio    

The privatized state and mass poverty in Nigeria: The factor of economic development programmes since 1980s

October 2009

The Nigeria state has adopted many development options since 1960. In-built in these options are numerous poverty alleviation programmes aimed at reducing and or eradicating poverty within a given time frame. It is paradoxical that while these programmes are on course, poverty level grows geometrically. This paper explores the phenomenon with a view to establish the primary factor responsible for it and to establish...

Author(s): Malachy Chukwuemeka Eze    

‘Crime’, poverty, political corruption and conflict In apartheid and post apartheid South Africa: The implications on economic development

October 2009

The transition to a democratic, elected, non-racial government, which set in motion in early 1990, stirred a debate on the course of economic policies to accomplish sustained economic growth, while at the same time remedying the poverty, and other socio economic discrepancies generated by apartheid government. These include inequality and unemployment (particularly in the black South Africans), corruption, rash in...

Author(s): Brian-Vincent Ikejiaku    

An overview of pseudo-therapeutic approaches to poverty in Nigeria: The citizens and the state

September 2009

Mounting pressures on poverty eradication on world scale is informed by it severity   and impact on the poor and the disadvantaged. In Nigeria for instance, where its large population lived in rural communities and engaged in subsistence agriculture they are said to be the worse hit; their condition is exacerbated by poor rural infrastructure, bad governance, unsustainable population growth, ethno-religious...

Author(s): Jonathan S. Maiangwa    

Understanding the crisis of development in Africa: Reflections on Bedford Umez’s analysis

September 2009

Despite the presence of huge mineral and human resources found in Africa, the continent has remained a victim of underdevelopment. This has prompted several efforts by scholars, African leaders and the international development agencies to understand and solve the development crisis. This paper is a review of Bedford Umez’s analysis of the development crisis in Nigeria. The paper exposed the implications of...

Author(s): M. Alumona Ikenna    

Resource conflict among farmers and Fulani herds men: Implications for resource sustainability

September 2009

This study describes the traditional relationship between farmers and Fulani herdsmen in the incessant resource conflict witnessed in Kogi State, Nigeria and how it affects livelihood security of those involved and resource sustainability for the communities. These conflicts are most responsible for the unsustainable utilization of land and water resources as the trampling by the hooves of herds of cattle compacts the...

Author(s): E. Tenuche Marietu  and O. Ifatimehin Olarewaju    

Political intolerance as a clog in the wheel of democratic governance: The way forward

September 2009

This paper synoptically discusses the concept of political (in)tolerance and its implication on any democratic setting alongside with the concept of governance.  Against this background, it argues that most African states took over from centralized and unrepresentative colonial ethnic and religious separatism – tribalism – and become victims to centrifugal aspirations of ambitious politicians...

Author(s): S. T. Akindele, O. R. Olaopa and N. F. Salaam    

The politics of historying: A postmodern commentary on Bahru Zewde’s history of modern Ethiopia

September 2009

This short commentary poses a timely challenge to positivist historiography both at the theoretical and the practical levels. Theoretically, it challenges, but only implicitly, many of the assumptions of modernist, objectivist historiography in a number of ways. Perhaps more interestingly and directly, it faces up to the intellectual difficulties of some of the discourses about the history (ies) of Ethiopia. This it...

Author(s): Semir Yusuf    

Federalism and the search for national integration in Nigeria

September 2009

The thrust of this paper is to account for the gap between mere aspirations and actual practices vis-à-vis the management of Federalism in Nigeria. The paper begins with the plural character of Nigeria in all its ramifications which makes federalism compelling. The second part which is the theoretical anchor is an in-depth discussion of the general optimism in the literature as regards the capability of...

Author(s): Emmanuel O. Ojo    

Federalism and the search for national integration in Nigeria

September 2009

The thrust of this paper is to account for the gap between mere aspirations and actual practices vis-à-vis the management of Federalism in Nigeria. The paper begins with the plural character of Nigeria in all its ramifications which makes federalism compelling. The second part which is the theoretical anchor is an in-depth discussion of the general optimism in the literature as regards the capability of...

Author(s): Emmanuel O. Ojo    

Falsification of population census data in a heterogeneous Nigerian state: The fourth republic example

August 2009

This paper examines critically the controversy surrounding the recently concluded population census in Nigeria which came up between March 21 and 25, 2006. While population census is a deliberate attempt to enumerate people within a delimited territory at a specific time so as to determine their number, their contribution over the land area and their basic socio-demographic and economic characteristics, many of such...

Author(s): Bamgbose, J. Adele  

Africa and the challenges of unipolar world: Sovereignty, civil society and women’s rights as case studies

August 2009

Close to two decades after the emergence of unipolar world, more than ample opportunities are provided to access the impact of this phenomenon on Africa. It emergence ushered in what is known today as “global village”. Happenings in any state are no longer the exclusive preserve of the ‘village’ or ‘hamlet’ concerned but that of the entire globe. Sovereign nations in Africa and indeed...

Author(s): F. A. Olasupo  

Determinants of regime survival in Africa

August 2009

Political instability has arguably been the most important factor that defined the African political landscape for the past five post-independence decades. Few countries in the region were immune from the costly conflicts that afflicted the region. It is perhaps no surprise then that a growing volume of literature on African political economy chose to explain the lacklustre economic performance of the countries in terms...

Author(s): Michael Seifu    

“Locking-in” Liberal democracy in South Africa, explaining democratization through an alternative perspective

July 2009

As the state of South Africa transitioned from Apartheid and into democracy in 1994, many speculated whether South Africa’s democratic experiment would last beyond the initial presidency of then-President Nelson Mandela; fortunately democracy has appeared to have taken rather resilient roots since its inception. However such a development begs the question as to how can South African democratic successes is...

Author(s): Nicholas Knowlton    

The impact of manipulated re-elections on accountability and legitimacy of democratic regimes in Africa: Observations from Nigeria, Zambia and Kenya

July 2009

This study analyzes causes and impact of pharisaic free and fair elections on African democracies. It is absurd when democratic governments in Africa perform poorly in office, yet they continue to renew their mandates in supposedly free and fair elections. This problem derives from regarding political offices by incumbent elites as sources of private wealth accumulation without suffering negative consequences. This...

Author(s): U. B. Ikpe    

Godfatherism and the future of Nigerian democracy

June 2009

The study explores the relationship between godfathers and godsons with a particular attention to its influence on the development of Nigeria’s politics, and seeming demise of resourceful governance in the country. The study adopts unstructured interview to elicit the perception of actors’ involved and political elites, relying on qualitative and content analyses of data. The study found that there was a...

Author(s): O. Akinola Adeoye  

Assessing the quality of accountability in Ghana’s district assemblies, 1993 - 2008

June 2009

The article delineates the forms and mechanisms of accountability in Ghana’s District Assemblies (DAs) and probes their efficacy in the current decentralization policy. It provides empirical data on how accountability relationships have improved or not improved local democracy in Ghana. The DAs were created to be pillars of grassroots governance. The devolution of power to the DAs aimed at enhancing a system of...

Author(s): Emmanuel Debrah    

Igbo nation, modern statecraft and the geopolitics of national survival in a multiethnic Nigeria

May 2009

The central argument of the paper is that the Nigerian state has consistently failed in its efforts to address the structurally-defective pattern of governance characterized largely by imbalance and lopsidedness, particularly in the allocation and distribution of human and material (public) resources.  A situation where a country of this nature is being monopolized largely by one section or reign for the past four...

Author(s): Chris C. Ojukwu

The Niger Delta crisis: Issues, challenges and prospects

May 2009

Nigeria’s Niger Delta region is not only home to the greater part of Africa’s largest mangrove forest, but also the source of Nigeria’s oil wealth. Here, in this amazing network of creeks, and an aquatic splendor comprising marine, brackish and freshwater ecosystems, lie the operational bases of a kaleidoscope of ethnic militia and insurgent organizations dedicated to the socio-economic emancipation of...

Author(s): L. A. Afinotan and V. Ojakorotu

The concept of change and James N. Rosenau: Still international relations?

May 2009

This article aims to study issue of ‘change and continuity’ in the field of international relations and the capability of mainstream approaches of international relations and history to cover the issue of change from perspective of James N. Rosenau. The dynamics of change and statics of continuity, at micro and macro levels and interaction between two levels will be analyzed, with the aim of designing a...

Author(s): Murat Gül

Science and technology parks: An overview of the ongoing initiatives in Africa

May 2009

The aim of our study is to review the readiness of selected African countries to invest in Science and Technology Parks and manage them effectively. This is justified by the fact that the number of ongoing or foreseen projects aiming at the establishment of Science Parks is growing on one side. On another side, we observe simultaneously a persisting lack of critical scientific mass for knowledge production and the...

Author(s): Raymond Tavares

Poverty, oil exploration and Niger Delta crisis: The response of the youth

May 2009

Oil and gas have been described as the mainstay of the Nigerian economy today. The irony of it however, is that the Niger Delta areas, where the country’s oil wealth is being derived from, has been neglected since the 1970s that Nigeria’s oil boom became noticeable in the global market. Successive administration in the country have either paid lip attention to the prevalence of the magnitude of problems. The...

Author(s): Ajiboye Olanrewaju Emmanuel, Jawando Jubril Olayiwola, Adisa Waziri Babatunde

The legislatures in Africa: A trajectory of weakness

May 2009

The paper examined the historical underpinnings of the under-development ofrepresentative institutions in Africa. The author noted that notwithstanding its worldwideprevalence, the legislature had been involved in struggles for political power and relevance across political systems. Specifically, he viewed the African parliaments as products of specific historical...

Author(s): Mojeed  Olujinmi  A. Alabi

Dependency approach: Chances of survival in the 21st century

May 2009

Since the end of the Cold War, Dependency Approach has been facing a number of changes in the international system and had to deal with several theoretical challenges. But, whilst many academic writings emphasized the demise of Dependency Approach, this paper has endeavored to breathe life into Dependency thoughts by exploring what chances Dependency Approach has in order to remain effective and competitive. Deep...

Author(s): Sofiane Sekhri

The state, identity mobilization and conflict: A study of intra ethnic conflict in Ebira land, north central -Nigeria

May 2009

This study focused mainly on changes in the traditional institutions of governance occasioned by colonial rule and the impact of such changes on the organization of social life of erstwhile republican communities in Nigeria. These changes appeared to be the most fundamental and underlying cause of incessant violent conflicts and the seeming powerlessness on the part of State authorities to exert control and provide...

Author(s): Marietu O. Tenuche

Economic development and change in Tanzania since independence: The political leadership factor

May 2009

The author makes a critical examination of the contribution of political leadership in the economic development and change of Tanzania since her 1961 political independence from Britain. He divides the country’s economic development and change into three more or less discrete time epochs. The first epoch is the period from independence to 1967; the second is from the 1967 Arusha Declaration to the mid-1980s and...

Author(s): Honest Prosper Ngowi

Regimes as mechanisms for social order in international relation

April 2009

As the state centric realist approach and other paradigms to the study of international relations appears too limited for explaining an increasingly complex and interdependent world, the need for a search for new ways to organize intellectually and understand international activities arises. This paper attempts to improve on our understanding of international cooperation and social order in the international system...

Author(s): Sunday E .N. Ebaye

Is forgiveness and amnesty a panacea to Kenya’s post-conflict crisis?

April 2009

For a long period, Kenya was rightfully branded “Island of Peace” in the tumultant Eastern Africa Region. After the December, 2007 General Elections, the country plunged into civil war and rebellion especially in the region west of the great rift valley. Provinces located in the region: Rift Valley, Nyanza and Western witnessed: murder, looting, eviction, rape, arson, burning of food and food stores,...

Author(s): Nasongo, J. W., Achoka, J. S. K. and Wamocha L. L. M.

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