African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 379

AJPSIR Articles

Unipolar world in crisis as Russia challenges U.S and allies, dragging other disgruntled countries along

November 2014

For more than two decades after the collapse of Soviet Union and concomitantly, cold war, United States of America became dominant world power, with western powers queuing behind her. Preoccupied by domestic political and economic problems that led, in the first instance, to the collapse of the octopus (Soviet empire), the old rival and foe receded from international politics and other engagements. United States and her...

Author(s): F. A. Olasupo

Lessons of 1969’S US Selective Service Amendment Act: Explaining US babyboomers’ civil war

October 2014

Studies of opinion cleavages among Americans born 1946 to 1964 are informed via Erikson and Stoller’s 2011 analysis of the impact of the December 1, 1969 Vietnam War draft lottery (which prioritized men vulnerable to 1970 callup). The scope of discussion therein and herein includes asessments of political socialization research from 1965, 1973, 1982 and 1997. Enabled there was the interpretive method, herein, of...

Author(s): George Steven Swan

Neo-colonialism or De-colonialism? China’s economic engagement in Africa and the implications for world order

October 2014

In recent two decades, China's economic involvement in Africa was accused of colonialist actions by many Western observers. However, most of these accusations have no basis. In this article, after comprehensively exploring China’s trading and investing relations with Africa based on data and case studies, it argues that China’s engagement in Africa in recent decades has nothing to do with neocolonialism....

Author(s): Jian Junbo and Donata Frasheri

Elaborated and restricted codes of pluralism - Entangled manifestations in natural resource-dependent African countries

October 2014

Africa's re-democratization project set in motion more than two decades ago has produced varying outcomes. Factors such as political character of the state, cognitive resources and intervention strategies of core elites, commitment to democratic stewardship, social cohesion, diversity of resilience-resources, tolerance may combine to produce hybrid outcomes. This piece explores the state of democracy and appropriate...

Author(s): Francisco Kofi Nyaxo Olympio

A social-semiotic engagement with representations of President Robert Mugabe and Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai in The ZimDaily.com from June 2008 to July 2013

October 2014

THE FIVE-YEAR government of national unity tenure in Zimbabwe that brought together three leading political parties namely the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), and the two Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) parties came to an end when the country held successful parliamentary and presidential elections in July 2013. As was the case in 2008, the ruling ZANU-PF party won the 2013 election....

Author(s): Nyasha Mapuwei

State-economy relations and survival of democratic governance in transiting societies: Lessons from South Korea

September 2014

  Rational men support institutions that best guarantee the attainment of their socioeconomic aspirations. Of all known political rationalizations, democracy, it is that best prides such. However, in certain climes, there are inhibitive factors defiling the success of democracy, much of which is located within the state-economy relations. With a state-economy relations and democratic governance model, this...

Author(s): E.B.A. Agbaje

Identity, centralization and resistance in Ethiopia: The case of Nuer and Anuak

September 2014

  The Anuak-Nuer resistance to centralization traced back to their incorporation in the last decade of the ninetieth century.  It was a reaction against submission, and aggravated and shaped by the new developments in Ethiopia and British-ruled Sudan. The perspectives of   local and ethnic groups and formation of local groups, identities and interests have been formed, dissolved and affected the...

Author(s): Temesgen Gebeyehu

Corruption and development administration in Africa: Institutional approach

September 2014

  At the post 1990s, African countries undertook some democratic reforms following the end of one party authoritarian regimes and return to multiparty elections, which resulted in a more competitive political system. However, the central clog to economic transformation namely, public corruption remains germane. The paper explores some of the theoretical issues raised by the dynamics of socio-political change in...

Author(s): Luke Amadi and Eme Ekekwe

Human right education in sub-Saharan Africa: An overview of some challenges and prospects

August 2014

  This analysis takes up the issue of human rights education in sub-Saharan Africa. It argues that human rights education is necessary for shifting the status of sub- Saharan Africans from subjects—mostly to local and international power relations—to citizens: with rights and responsibilities. The feasibility of this process is analyzed by looking at the challenges to its materialization, mainly...

Author(s): Ikponwosa Ero

“Clientele democracy”: Political party funding and candidate selection in Nigeria*

August 2014

  The upsurge of democracy during the third and fourth waves democratic epochs has led to a “proliferation of alternative conceptual forms…involving democracy ‘with adjectives’” (Collier and Levitsky, 1997:430). Clientele democracy, though similar with neopatrimonial democracy, is distinguished in both concept and substance. At the heart of the development of different democracy...

Author(s): Sulaiman Balarabe Kura

African development crisis and global thinking: Collapse of the periphery, decay of the core

May 2014

This paper used the core-periphery concept of underdevelopment as a theoretical framework to analyze the African development crisis and the collapse of African initiatives with the development of the Global thought. The paper observed inter alia, that the force of Globalization in which the policies of the core centers have led to the collapse of local (African state) initiatives in all spectrums of the region’s...

Author(s): Franklins A. Sanubi

Political development as social intelligence in constitutional democracy: The central place of dialogue in decolonization

May 2014

Regressions in the moral practical consciousness of politicians during decolonization in Sierra Leone created the precondition for a crisis-ridden post-Independence social order.  Using the Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy, and the Critical Theory of Society, the paper  analyzes epochal political discourses during decolonization to explicate normative deficits in the  society’s attempt to...

Author(s): Munya G. Kabba

Exploring the character of political parties, civil society organizations, security agencies, traditional institutions and the press in the Nigerian electoral processes

April 2014

Electoral system is a major attribute in any democracy. The failure of the electoral system is as a result of the problems associated with its processes. These problems, notwithstanding, are caused by some independent and intervening variables such as: the nature of Political Parties; the nature of Security Agencies; the role of Civil Society Groups, Traditional Institutions and the Press; as well as the dominant forces...

Author(s): Lamidi, Oyedele Kazeem, Fagbohun, Francis Oluyemi and Ihemeje, Godwin C.

Districts creation and its impact on local government in Uganda

April 2014

  The volatility of creating new district local governments (DLGs) in Uganda has attracted heavy domestic and feasibly significant international criticism. The phenomenon now forms part of the political and governance discourse in the country. Despite this condemnation government insists on establishing more DLGs in the guise of increasing political participation and improving social service delivery. This...

Author(s): Ayeko-Kümmeth, Jane

Amadu Sesay’s Civil Wars, Child Soldiers and Post Conflict Peace Building in West Africa, Lagos

March 2014

The end of the cold war triggered civil wars in West Africa and beyond. These wars were, in the first instance, caused by ethnic struggles for political supremacy, economic control of natural resources, issues of unemployment, poverty, etc. An immediate byproduct of all these civil wars was the ugly phenomenon of child soldiers (a combatant below 18 years) in the annals of African history. “Civil Wars, Child...

Author(s): Egbe, Olawari D.J

Religion, politics and war: Reflections on Mozambique’s Civil War (1977-1992)

March 2014

Religious ideology, in its diverse forms and contradictory roles, was a salient feature of every stage of the Mozambican civil war from 1975-1992. First, the conflict had its roots, partly, in attempts by the state to suppress religion. Second, during the war different groups appropriated and adapted religion to explain, manage and survive the violent turmoil. Third and even more important, religious actors played a...

Author(s): Mark Chingono

Neopatrimonial logic and national programmatic policies in Ghana: A case of rice importation and production policies under the administrations of J.A. Kufuor and J.E.A. Mills

March 2014

Ghana’s 1992 constitution requires a party’s candidate to obtain 50% plus one valid vote to win presidential elections. However, no party has ever secured such valid votes in the respective stronghold alone. This study explores whether or not political parties in Ghana are emerging as programmatic parties, and the implications of the lack of programmatic parties for a party’s credibility and the...

Author(s): Collins Adu-Bempah Brobbey

Oil activities, unsustainable environment and the combative reactionism of women in the Niger Delta

February 2014

The Niger Delta is made up mainly of rural communities with the majority of the people depending mostly on fishing and farming for their livelihoods. The traditional division of labour gives the Niger Delta woman primary responsibility for providing for and managing the sustenance of the family household. Women depend mainly on the environment to eke out a living as they have little access to and control over land,...

Author(s): Emuedo Crosdel O and Emuedo Okeoghene A.

Regionalism and sub-regionalism: A theoretical framework with special reference to India

February 2014

Regionalism and sub-regionalism are at present a fairly widespread phenomenon in Indian political system. As the various developmental programs are carried out, regional disparities are already becoming more marked and widespread engendering a sense of cumulative deprivations in the people of certain regions. This, coupled with increasing politicisation in the community, is sure to impart sharper focus to regionalism...

Author(s): Artatrana Gochhayat

Obasanjo’s leadership role as chairman of NEPAD’s HSGIC

October 2013

In extant literature the role of the individual has been disregarded as a potent force driving and moderating international relations. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) is one agency of international relations, being an international organization in the African continent. In the studies so far on the NEPAD as an agency of international relations concerning Africa, the role of individuals has...

Author(s): Ejikeme Nonso Alo    

One-party domination, a flaw in Africa’s democracy: Comparative cases from Cameroon and South Africa

October 2013

One-party domination has been firmly established as the mainstay of the political landscapes of most African countries. With a combination of both empirical and secondary data, this research set out to selectively examine the factors that contribute in entrenching the dominance of the ruling parties of Cameroon and South Africa. It also analyzed the extent to which one-party domination has contributed in thwarting good...

Author(s): Valery Ferim    

South Africa’s BRICS membership: A win-win situation?

October 2013

After significant diplomatic efforts, South Africa’s inclusion into the BRICS grouping in 2011 can be regarded as one of South Africa’s principal foreign policy achievements over the past years. It also fundamentally altered the nature of the BRICS group, giving it a more global structure. Yet little is known about why South Africa sought BRICS membership, why it was chosen over larger economies (e.g....

Author(s): Stuenkel Oliver    

Power, powerlessness, and globalization

September 2013

The key issues of the globalization process relate to the historic background of centuries of Western accumulation of power through realpolitik; US cultivation of semi-colonial satellites in Japan and East Asia endowed with economic empowerment in the post World War II period through a policy of benign hegemony; the rise of China, followed by India, as globalizers intent on preserving their sovereignty and independent...

Author(s): Opoku Agyeman    

Patrimonial rule in Olusegun Obasanjo’s Nigeria

September 2013

Since the fall of the Berlin wall or the end of the cold war in 1980s, many African leaders appear to be championing the cause of democratic transition in their states whereas in the real sense of it they directly or indirectly engage in systems that are quite antithetical or in contradistinction to the project in question. The paper, therefore, appraises the Obasanjo’s eight years administration arguing that his...

Author(s): J. O. Shopeju and Chris C. Ojukwu

Global Hegemonism and the rise of Comprador Intellectualism

September 2013

One of the attendant effects of globalisation and the hegemonising forces unleashed thereof has been the rise of comprador intellectualism. This is a genre of intellectual analysis which by its failure to elaborate on the class character of globalisation tends to uphold, consciously or unconsciously, the dominant liberal doctrine underpinning globalisation. The tragedy associated with this intellectual capitulation is...

Author(s): Jaravani Dennis    

The regulation of the institution of matrimonial engagement in the new Romanian Civil Code

September 2013

The paper aims at analysing the institution of matrimonial engagement both in the Old Romanian Law and in the new Civil Code (Adopted 1 October, 2011)- that came into force by law no. 287 of July 17th, 2009 on the Civil Code republished through Law no. 71/2011, the new Civil Code. The 2nd Book of the new Civil Code, entitled “On Family” dedicates its 2nd title to marriage, and in...

Author(s): Nadia Cerasela Dariescu

Icj Judgment On Bakassi Peninsula And Lake Chad: Litmus Test For Peace And Integration In Africa

September 2013

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled against Nigeria on the disputed Bakassi (Backassey) Peninsula and parts of Lake Chad territory with Cameroun on 10 October 2002, and Nigerian government has complied to a large extent. Ordinarily, the case has been foreclosed from further discussion.  But, like any other human judgment, it has created its own problem bordering on security and integration of West...

Author(s): Ambily Etekpe

White South Africa’s early external relations*

August 2013

White supremacist South Africa’s Department of External Affairs was set up in 1927 to demonstrate the country’s political independence of the United Kingdom. It operated under various names until the régime gave way to a democratically-elected government in 1994. Unlike its counterparts in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom, which had long included in their structures sections of historians...

Author(s): David Tothill

The quest for autonomy: The case of Anglophone Cameroon

August 2013

The former British Southern Cameroons opted in a UN organised plebiscite in 1961 to reunify with La Republique du Cameroun to form a federation of two states that were said to be on a footing of equality. But contrary to declarations and expectations, the federation was not one of equal states. It was instead a veiled preparatory stage for the total assimilation of the Southern Cameroons into the highly centralised La...

Author(s): Tangie Fonchingong    

Agricultural development-led industrialization strategy in Ethiopia: An overview

August 2013

This paper assesses the recent policy reforms. The result shows that there is no evidence that the poverty situation has improved. Most individuals and government officials have said there are political, socio-economic and nation-building achievements in the successful completion of 19 years (1991-2010) EPRDF-led govt. They claim remarkable progresses have been made in the areas of economic growth, employment, poverty...

Author(s): Akhilesh Chandra Prabhakar and Yinges Alemu    

Six-party negotiation on DPRK nuclear talk

August 2013

Nuclear negotiation with DPRK is a geopolitical as well as Inter-Korean issues. DPRK is one of important geopolitical issues of USA and handled by 6-party talk, while DPRK is also inter-Korean issue of ROK. The sequencing of the two processes has significant impact on the future of Korean peninsular and the stability of East Asia. However, negotiation between US and DPRK on nuclear issues has been dragged for a decade....

Author(s): JiHong Kim    

Torture, capitalism, and the new white man’s burden

July 2013

The not so recent distribution of the Abu Ghraib photos throughout the United States and the world brought forth the detection of a practice that is commonly used by the U.S. and its “satellite states.” For the mainstream U.S. American public, it was a shocking and horrifying discovery.  For others, such as Carlos Mauricio who “had flashbacks when he saw the guy with the hood (at Abu...

Author(s): Wesley C. Kraft-Davis

Understanding the minds, problems and aspirations: An untold story about the Egyptian dilemma

July 2013

  Journalism exits in a cultural context, which must be understood within its local socio-political and economic context before it can be accurately evaluated. Egypt is in a state of flux and is considered a classic example of how journalism practice has been affected by the current distributional changes that altered the rules, and positioned journalism at its lowest ebb since the 'Open Door Policy'...

Author(s): Ibrahim Saleh

Southern African Customs Union (SACU): A viable building block for the African economic community

July 2013

The AU, in April 2006, passed a resolution on the rationalisation and harmonisation of Regional economic communities (RECs). A moratorium and suspension of recognition of RECs followed in July. Eight RECs were consequently identified as the building blocks to the African economic community (AEC). Interestingly, in Southern Africa, the youngest REC, the EAC has been identified as one of AEC’s building blocs...

Author(s): George Chikondi Lwanda

Party affiliation in new democracies: Local reactions to the split of the ruling party in Malawi

July 2013

The split within Malawi’s ruling party in 2005 offers an opportunity to investigate underlying perspectives about what it means to belong to a political party in a new democracy. Although a mirage of a three-party system emerged after the first multiparty election in the early nineties, Malawi is a typical case where the fluidity of party membership is an ongoing process. By reading the existing literature on...

Author(s): Ragnhild Louise Muriaas

Legislative regulation and financial institutions in environmental assurance in developing countries: Case study of mining in Ghana

July 2013

The use of financial institutions and legislation are some of the regulatory mechanisms for ensuring an effective Environmental Financial Assurance (EFA) implementation. Third party involvement in regulation could mitigate regulatory implementation inefficiency in developing countries. This research uses Ghana as a case study to examine the effectiveness of these two regulatory mechanisms...

Author(s): Eric Twum

Revisiting state intervention: State-sponsored micro-credit and poverty reduction in Uganda

June 2013

Whereas it is often argued that state intervention with credit to reduce poverty is a futile venture, our research findings in Uganda show that while this thesis may be true in some cases, it should not always be taken for granted. Hence, we argue that state-sponsored credit schemes can also perform better provided their programme designs are fortified with best practices. We demonstrate this case using a comparative...

Author(s): William Muhumuza

Public health, genomics and biopolitics - human security vis-à-vis securing ‘exception’

June 2013

‘Biopower’ has been the building block to address human beings as global mass with liberal government practices. The sovereign power continuously categorizes the population between ‘political life’ and the ‘other’ mute bearers of ‘bare life’. To ensure human security to all, threats to human security have been broadened beyond the realm of military security. Equitable...

Author(s): Arun G. Mukhopadhyay

From Kyoto protocol to COPENHAGEN: A theoretical approach to international politics of climate change

June 2013

  Industrialization, modernization and technological breakthrough are posing a greater challenge in contemporary international politics. They have paved a new dimension in the study of international relations and politics in the area of environmental security, cooperation and even interdependence. This paper is a critical theoretical approach to the study of international green politics, encompassing the nature...

Author(s): Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim and Iro Iro Uke

Stories behind the western-led humanitarian intervention in Libya: A critical analysis

June 2013

The Western-led NATO intervention in Libya attracted global attention, causing a misunderstanding of the concept of ‘humanitarian intervention’. The level of controversy is not alleged to stem from the imperative ‘to intervene or not to intervene’ but rather from the question ‘what interests were intervening states possibly pursuing’? Comments from the Western hemisphere mainly...

Author(s): Nguirane Cheikh

The need for political awareness for Africa’s younger generation

May 2013

Is it democracy that in Africa, where majority of its population are below forty years old, elect majority of its leaders, who are above sixty years of age, to power? Are we really satisfied with the way our countries are being governed by leaders of that age group whom are not in touch with the realities/expectations of the moment? Take for example, Zimbabwe, Senegal, Cameroun, Malawi and Liberia where the heads of...

Author(s): Maurice Ekpenyong

Oil as a source of political conflict in Niger Delta

May 2013

The presence of natural resources in some countries has lead to eradication of poverty and development but in other countries the same resources contribute to misery and underdevelopment. This can well be seen in the case of Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The region which is rich in resources particularly oil has been economically deprived. The various ethnic minorities which reside in the area are struggling with...

Author(s): Sarabjit Kaur

Public expenditure management reforms and national development: A critical evaluation of Obasanjo’s administration, 1999-2007

May 2013

The article examines Obasanjo’s public expenditure management reforms in Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. Anecdotal evidence indicated that public expenditure management (PEM) projects of the various regimes in Nigeria had been at best non-facilitator in fostering Nigeria’s Development. However, an evaluation of PEM during Obasanjo’s regime from 1999 to 2007, offers a heuristic insight into the political...

Author(s): Eze, Malachy Chukwuemeka and Nnedum, Obiajulu Anthony Ugochukwu

Prison health in Nigeria: A sociological discourse

May 2013

In many developing countries including Nigeria, prison conditions are far from being humane, and prison health is yet to be seen as a profitable social project. This is often displayed in the various forms of social interactions obtainable among prisoners, prison staff and the larger social system. Prisons in Nigeria over the past years have been in deplorable conditions with increase in disease burden among inmates....

Author(s): Agunbiade Ojo Melvin

The ASEAN factor in Iranian foreign policy

May 2013

In the current systems, international organizations are operating stability and making an opportunity for integration and cooperation between governments. In this regard, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is very important as one of the major regional organizations in terms of political, economic and security trends and can provide economic and welfare goals in the region through providing basic goals. The...

Author(s): Abolfazl Isa Abadi Bezchelouei

Regime survival strategies in Zimbabwe in the 21st century

May 2013

Zimbabwe at the turn of the new millennium has received widespread condemnation particularly with the implementation of the controversial land reform programme. Such criticisms and attacks on the government threatened the existence of the regime; as such the regime employed various strategies to ensure its survival in an anarchical environment. The image portrayed abroad has been tattered as some of the survival...

Author(s): Simbarashe Moyo

Federalism constraints and opportunity in Pakistan

May 2013

This paper made an effort to examine the constitutional fundamentals of federalism in Pakistan. Its focal point is on the major constitutional developments made in Pakistan for the promotion of federalism, by examining the problems faced by federalism. This is because of the fact that the federal form of government is more proper for those societies which are diverse in nature. A greater part of the societies in...

Author(s): Azmat Ali Shah

Democratic consolidation, fiscal responsibility and national development: An appraisal of the fourth republic

May 2013

The return of civil rule to Nigeria in 1999 brought a lot of hope for speedy national development in the country. This was because, unlike under the country’s prolonged military rule, democratization was expected to usher in openness, accountability and, more importantly, fiscal responsibility. However, in the twelve years that the fourth republic has operated, there has been scant regard for fiscal...

Author(s): Dhikru Adewale YAGBOYAJU

Much ado about nothing? The limited effects of structural adjustment programmes and the highly indebted poor countries initiative on the reduction of external debts in sub-Saharan Africa: An empirical analysis

May 2013

Reassessing the rationale underlying the emergence of structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) in the 1980s, this article looks more specifically at the effects of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) initiative on the debt burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using data from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), it illustrates how in spite of important degrees of economic growth during the last...

Author(s): Mathieu Petithomme

Africa’s leadership challenges in the 21st century: A Nigerian perspective

April 2013

  Leadership crisis in Africa is often seen from the point of view of the misdemeanor of various political rulers dotting the continental landscape. This paper sees it differently. It explores the fundamental cause of the misleadership parody, ranging from the personal capacity underdevelopment, to social-psychological and value deficiencies and misunderstandings that need to be addressed for Africa to be...

Author(s): Sheriff Folarin

Page 4 of 8, showing 50 records out of 379 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200