African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 382

AJPSIR Articles

Democratic consolidation, fiscal responsibility and national development: An appraisal of the fourth republic

May 2013

The return of civil rule to Nigeria in 1999 brought a lot of hope for speedy national development in the country. This was because, unlike under the country’s prolonged military rule, democratization was expected to usher in openness, accountability and, more importantly, fiscal responsibility. However, in the twelve years that the fourth republic has operated, there has been scant regard for fiscal...

Author(s): Dhikru Adewale YAGBOYAJU

Much ado about nothing? The limited effects of structural adjustment programmes and the highly indebted poor countries initiative on the reduction of external debts in sub-Saharan Africa: An empirical analysis

May 2013

Reassessing the rationale underlying the emergence of structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) in the 1980s, this article looks more specifically at the effects of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) initiative on the debt burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using data from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), it illustrates how in spite of important degrees of economic growth during the last...

Author(s): Mathieu Petithomme

Africa’s leadership challenges in the 21st century: A Nigerian perspective

April 2013

  Leadership crisis in Africa is often seen from the point of view of the misdemeanor of various political rulers dotting the continental landscape. This paper sees it differently. It explores the fundamental cause of the misleadership parody, ranging from the personal capacity underdevelopment, to social-psychological and value deficiencies and misunderstandings that need to be addressed for Africa to be...

Author(s): Sheriff Folarin

Common humanity not common community: The solution to global crisis

April 2013

Is a peaceful world an impossible dream? This is one of the most mind wafting questions of the contemporary era. The contemporary period is dotted with both minor and major conflicts and wars. Therefore, scholars are afraid that with the trend and ferocity of the phenomenon, humanity stands the risk of going into obliteration. To check this insidious phenomenon, men developed several socio-political and religious...

Author(s): Kingsley Okoro N. and Osunwoke Clement I.

Effects of Iran’s ideological identity in the formation of international agreements against it, according to the critical theory

April 2013

Three sanction resolutions were approved by the UN Security Council against Iran during 2006 to 2008, showing an international agreement among the state agents against the nuclear programs of the Islamic Republic. Why different interests of the Security Council members did not prevent them from reaching "agreements" against Iran? On the other hand, the play off game of Iran did not achieve any suitable result....

Author(s): Mahmood Shahidi

The place of spoilers in peace processes in Sudan

December 2012

Based on the concept of ‘spoiling’, this paper posits that it was not only within the domain of the rebels or militia from Southern Sudan or from Darfur to indulge in violent activities that were spoiling peace and stability in Sudan. Rather, the Government of Sudan (GOS), a state actor whose mandate is to protect civilians including their properties perfected the art of spoiling by doing little to encourage...

Author(s): George Katete Onyango

Role models in peace-building in Africa: An assessment of selected characters

December 2012

African scholars and experts have developed several methods and strategies of conflict management and peace-building, they have not been widely popularized as role models. Thus, researchers and practitioners have to fall back on theoretical frameworks and methodologies propounded in Europe and Asia in building peace in Africa. This has created problem of intellectual poverty for the continent. This paper, therefore,...

Author(s): Ambily Etekpe

Africa: Beyond the “new” dependency: A political economy

December 2012

Scholars seek to articulate plausible explanations for the current world situation where the vast majority of countries are underdeveloped while a relatively small portion- the Western countries, are   rich. From the classical Marxist analysis emerged the neo-Marxists, encompassing the Third World scholars theorizing on the persistence of this division and development alternatives. Their central argument is...

Author(s): Luke Amadi

Gender rights in post-colonial societies: A comparative study of Kenya and India

December 2012

This paper is a comparative legal study undertaken to determine the current status of gender rights in two countries: India and Kenya. The countries were selected on the basis of their similar legal systems, colonial heritage and the demographic dispersion of women in rural areas. Using theConvention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) as the international benchmark for state...

Author(s): Bandini Chhichhia

Reconceptualising the African state in the strategic relational approach: A case of Mauritius state and trade policy-making

November 2012

The view of a crisis of the nation-state in Africa has culminated into a number of emerging solutions most of which do not adequately address the relationship between political actors and the state.  Central to the examination of African states is the wide usage of the concept of neo-patrimonial state – a concept criticised for inadequately explaining African states. This paper seeks to reconceptualise the...

Author(s): Collin Zhuawu

Application of the theories that explain the causes of civil conflicts in Zimbabwean conflicts

November 2012

There are several theories which tend to explain the causes of civil conflicts. These theories have identified certain elements or conditions which make civil conflicts feasible. Zimbabwe has experienced conflicts. Each time such conflicts have occurred, no one has been well prepared to handle them or prevent them. This paper attempts to examine and analyse various theories relating to the causes of civil conflicts and...

Author(s): Mzumara Macleans

Struggling to weaken the giant: Litigation as a measure to compel the adoption of tobacco control instrument in Malawi

November 2012

The tobacco companies continue to resist the adoption of tobacco control laws in developing countries in spite of the predicted high risk of a tobacco epidemic in those areas. In contrast to previous studies which focused on the developed and middle income countries and concluded that interest groups impact policy making, this study examines the strategy of anti-tobacco interest groups to promote the regulation of...

Author(s): Brenya Edward

The trend towards rationalism among Chinese local administrators: Developments within the Shanghai community administrators’ psychological quality

October 2012

This paper presents data on the development of psychological qualities of Shanghai community administrators. By comparing results of 2001 and 2010, the author analyzes the difference of the psychological qualities of Shanghai community administrators. The conclusions from the data are based on a decade of psychological profiling research on the administrators, using the internationally recognized and widely adopted...

Author(s): Ao Xiaolan

Habermas’ Deliberative Democracy and the Zimbabwean Constitution-Making Process

October 2012

The paper applies Habermas’ theory of deliberative democracy to argue for an objective, non-partisan and non-evil outcome in the Zimbabwean constitution-making process. Habermas’ deliberative democracy is particularly useful because it emphasizes rational discourse and it tries to put away prejudices and egoistic tendencies in constitutional making. For Zimbabweans, non-partisan thinking assumes political...

Author(s): Ephraim Taurai Gwaravanda

Nigerian State and the management of oil minority conflicts in the Niger Delta: A retrospective view

June 2012

Controversy generated by oil minority rights and agitations in the Niger Delta is as old as the Nigerian State. On the eve of Nigeria’s independence, even before the exploitation of oil commenced in the Niger Delta, a colonial government commission of enquiry, the Willink Commission of 1957/1958, acknowledged its peculiar developmental needs and thus recommended a developmental board. The Niger Delta Development...

Author(s): Olusegun Adeyeri

The treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and the challenges of nuclear capability projects in Iran and North-Korea

June 2012

One of the greatest challenges facing the world today is the overwhelming quest by some member nations to acquire, develop and possess nuclear capabilities with the intention of balancing power, fears and terror at the centre stage of world politics. Iran and North Korea have been in the fore front of arms race. Therefore, it is the task of this paper to examine the circumstances surrounding the development and...

Author(s): Nwanolue, B. O. G and Iwuoha, Victor Chidubem

Guantanamo: The United States in dispute with international law

April 2012

After the Second World War, to establish a modern, lawful and world wide system in relation to the chaotic and tense world of postwar, the United States led a new challenge for protection of human rights and free trade. Now, in reality, the question is why does the United States pursue the violation of those laws that had been established by itself in a period of time? The matter of utmost significance, in this article...

Author(s): Najleh Khandagh

Institutionalizing the culture of accountability in local government administration in Nigeria

April 2012

Local government is the third tier of government in Nigeria that is nearest to the people at the grassroots. It is a structure that provides for the goods and services needed by the people and to also bring development and good governance to the local level. This notwithstanding, development has not thrived at the grassroots level due to paucity of the culture of accountability and transparency in the administration of...

Author(s): Adeyemi O. O., Akindele S. T., Aluko O. A. and Agesin B.

China - Africa culture differences in business relations

April 2012

With the Chinese rapid industrial development, there became a need for importation of oil and minerals (that is, iron ore, bauxite, nickel, copper), which Africa have in great quantity. For that, China now becomes Africa’s second largest trading partner after U.S. As a result of this, bilateral trade with Africa reached $114 billion in 2008, up from $65.9 billion in 2007. This was as a result of the...

Author(s): Onukwube Anedo

What Americans want from their leaders in the U.S. and foreign nations: A comparison of Universities’ roles in the leadership development of the American State

March 2012

American Universities are playing a great role in shaping leadership and development. Their work, as regards the vital role played by them, can give us the concept of Democracy for all. The historical outlook of that which was mentioned by Mark R. Nemec and Ann Arbor in their book “Ivory Towers and Nationalist Minds: Universities”, and Benjamin I. Page and Marshall M. Bouton, “The Foreign Policy...

Author(s): Mohammed Viquaruddin

Ethnicity and citizenship crisis in Nigeria: Interrogating inter ethnic relations in Sardauna Local Government Area, Taraba State

March 2012

The recurrence of ethnicity and citizenship question generate the debate whether citizenship in Nigeria is inclusive. This problem is very topical in Sardauna Local Government Area of Taraba State. Sardauna Local Government Area which is located in south-east of Taraba, north-east Nigeria was part of the former British Northern Cameroon that voted to join Nigeria after the 1961 plebiscite. The people in Sardauna Local...

Author(s): Lenshie, Nsemba Edward and Johnson Abel

Crisis of governance and the violations of human rights: The Nigerian experience, 1999 to 2007

March 2012

This study draws attention to the crisis of governance which has bedevilled Nigeria since independence, and how this has facilitated the violation of the basic rights of the Nigerian people, under the Obasanjo-led civil administration from 1999 to 2007. It is demonstrated that all the regimes in post-colonial Nigeria have violated the rights of the people and that these violations took place on all spheres of...

Author(s): Maurice Ayodele Coker and Ugumanim Bassey Obo

Habermas’ deliberative democracy and the Zimbabwean constitution-making process

February 2012

The paper applies Habermas’ theory of deliberative democracy to argue for an objective, non-partisan and non-evil outcome in the Zimbabwean constitution-making process. Habermas’ deliberative democracy is particularly useful because it emphasizes rational discourse and it tries to put away prejudices and egoistic tendencies in constitutional making. For Zimbabweans, non-partisan thinking assumes political...

Author(s): Ephraim Taurai Gwaravanda

Exogenic factor and the futility of conflict resolution in Africa: The Darfur experience

February 2012

This paper studies intractable conflict in Africa using the Darfur experience as case illustration with the primary goal of evaluating the place of exogenous factor(s) in the persistence of such conflict. With the aid of alternative dispute resolution theory, the paper discovered that there is a strong relationship between the dynamic interests of external forces and the intractability of the Darfur conflict. The use of...

Author(s): Chukwuemeka Eze Malachy

An assessment of ethnic conflict and its challenges today

January 2012

  In this article we shall begin by defining ethnocentrism. According to anthropologists, the concept combines the belief that one’s own culture is superior to other cultures, with the practice of judging other cultures by the standards of one’s own culture. Sociologists and social-psychologists extend the term to group attitudes shown by religious, economic, racial, caste and class group within a...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

Urban poverty in Nigeria and approaches to poverty alleviation: A review

January 2012

The menace of urban poverty though global is most devastating in Africa especially Nigeria. Human conditions have greatly deteriorated particularly during the last decade with real disposable income declining steeply, malnutrition rates have risen sharply, and food production has hardly kept pace with population growth and the quantity and quality of health and education services deteriorating. This present trend of...

Author(s): Ignatius Okosun, Chamhuri Siwar, Abdul Samad Hadi and Abd. Rahim Md. Nor

Functional education, militancy and youth restiveness in Nigeria’s Niger Delta: The place of multi-national oil corporations (MNOCs)

December 2011

The oil-rich Niger Delta region of Nigeria has been in global focus for sometime due to youth restiveness and lately, militancy occasioned by the disruption of activities of multi-national oil corporations, hostage taking of both foreign nationals and Nigerians alike. This paper opines that functional education is the only panacea to the prevailing situation in the region. By functional education, the paper means such...

Author(s): Nath M. Abraham

Using Hooke’s law of elasticity to explicate trends and dimensions of crisis in the Niger Delta

December 2011

The study draws from a corollary in the physical sciences, showing how a quantitative form could change to a qualitative form (that is water under 100°C). Likewise, the constant bombardment of the Niger Delta social formation could alter its relations of production. To this end, the study goes beyond, (i) the era of early oil exploration/expansion years and community passivity (1903-1970), (ii) Era of oil-industry...

Author(s): Nkpah, Young Aakpege

African perceptions of democracy

December 2011

  There are many perceptions, concepts and constructs of what it means to be democratic or what constitutes a democracy. Unfortunately, many of those paradigms are linear, Western-oriented models, which tend to overlook the historical and cultural variations of democracy, especially in pre-colonial African systems of democratic governance. For example, there were associational and horizontal-type democracies,...

Author(s):   M. Todd Bradley

The conservative discourse and hegemonic failure of the reform discourse in Iran

December 2011

  When Mohammad khatami’s discourse of reform in Iran gave the political field to its anti discourse of conservative with the leadership of Mohammad Ahmadi Nejad after 8 years, several factors were recognized as the cause of failure of this discourse among which software and hardware power of conservatives were the most influential factors. In addition to criticizing the aforementioned minimalizing...

Author(s):   Sara Falahi 

Niger delta struggle: Assessment of selected Nigerians’ perceptions

December 2011

  This study was meant to evaluate happenings in the Niger Delta region arising from agitations for physical development for the region in terms of provision of long-lasting infrastructural facilities, dependable social amenities, control of environmental pollution ravaging the area and physical transformation of some selected locations in the region into mega cities. It is also the desire of the Niger Delta...

Author(s):   Solomon Ojo

The developmental state: An illusion in contemporary times

October 2011

  It has unanimously been acknowledged that state activity in the market was one of the key factors which facilitated the rapid growth of Japan and the East Asian tigers (Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and South Korea), hence this essay assesses the applicability of utilizing this model to induce development in contemporary times. It analyzes the various ideological, political, and economic changes that have...

Author(s): Ebrahim Shabbir Deen

Effects of citizenship education component of social studies on civic literacy and attachment of upper basic students in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria

October 2011

  The purpose of this paper was to find out the effect of citizenship education component of social studies on the civic literacy and attachment of upper basic students in Ilorin Metropolis. In this study, 113 students, involving 67 male and 46 female students participated in the summer school programme organised during the long vacation. The study was a quasi-experimental and pre-test post-test. The...

Author(s):   YUSUF, AbdulRaheem, AGBONNA, Samuel Ayorinde, JEKAYINFA, Alice Arinlade and SALIU, Ahmed   

A philosophical introduction on the relationship between religion and politics

August 2011

  Much discussion has been put forth so far by the academics and religious experts regarding the relationship between religion and politics. The result of all these represents a wide spectrum of ideas ranging from absolute lack of relationship to the complete identicality. What is far from clear, however, is the nature of this relationship. An attempt is made in the present article to clear this issue by...

Author(s):   Alireza Sabziyan Mousa Abadi

Preference over outcomes: Explaining US-Sino oil diplomacy in Sub-Saharan Africa

August 2011

  The start of the twenty first century signaled a new beginning for the United States and China in their quest for oil diplomacy with African oil producing countries. One of the characteristics of this venture is the difference in approach both countries follow to attain this natural resource. This research work, therefore, examines the diplomatic measures of the US and China in their negotiations with oil...

Author(s):   Fanie Herman and Tsai Ming-Yen  

Strategies to retain and motivate employees in Africa: Examining the case of the ministry of education in Zambia

August 2011

  This research paper analyzes the employee’s perception on incentives and motivation for the employees of the ministry of education (MOE) in Zambia. Concerns about educator turnover and attrition are reported widely as a global phenomenon. The study mainly followed a qualitative and was supplemented with quantitative designs. A self administered questionnaire was distributed to a sample of (n = 436)...

Author(s):   Gift Masaiti and Pamela Nachona Naluyele  

Inhibiting influences of some traditional practices in the home on girl-child's interest development in science

July 2011

  The home is the cradle for development from where the girl-child builds and develops her knowledge, inclinations and interest. Unfortunately, the home which should provide the girl-child the good environment for developing scientific skills has become an obstacle to the girl-child's scientific development. There are a continuum of parental attitudes and traditional practices in the home directed to the...

Author(s):   Bernadette Ezeliora and Jude O. Ezeokana  

Building from below and deepening democracy as alternative strategies for poverty alleviation and sustainable development in Africa: Challenges and opportunities

July 2011

  The march towards democratic progress remains one of the defining developments of the late 20th century. For Africa, it has been (a) the dismantling of colonial governance, (b) the embracement of the monolithic party structure for its development, (c) the return to political pluralism without significant improvements in the improving the quality of life of the vast majority of the people, (d) failure to...

Author(s):   John W. Forje

The challenges facing opposition political parties in rural Zimbabwe within 2000-2008

July 2011

  It is recognised in greater circles that opposition political parties in both developing and developed countries have an insurmountable task to achieve in ensuring and enhancing democratic processes. They are the very institutions that are central in paving way for development in all spheres of life that is political, economic and socio-cultural. For Zimbabwe, it is apparent that, at most, opposition...

Author(s):   Percyslage Chigora, Tobias Guzura and John Mutumburanzou  

China’s promises to Africa

July 2011

  When China and Africa, within the framework of the FOCAC, met three years ago in Beijing to establish a “strategic partnership”, many were curious to see how Beijing was actually going to carry out its ambitious African safari. During this gathering, Chinese authorities made eight pledges aiming at strengthening the China-Africa axis. As both parties are meeting again next month, Beijing will be...

Author(s):   Nola Nouck Lucien

Fiscal impact of privatization in Uganda 1992-2007

July 2011

  This interdisciplinary paper investigated the impact of US capitalization policy on Africa and the postcolonial responses of Africans to these forces of internationalism by applying post-Marxist theory to a selection of social ‘writings’, creative works of art and films. It examined the post-World War II environment that necessitated the politics of capitalization by the emerging US Core and...

Author(s): David Kibikyo

The place of poetry in contemporary Chinese and Igbo politics

June 2011

  This article is a study of Chinese and Igbo political poems and their significance in the socio-political interaction of both cultures. It gives examples of their political poetry. The paper traces their different political situations that gave rise to the songs under study. To the Igbo, the article, explains the Aba women protest to the tax and land policies of the British Administration, subsequent...

Author(s):   Onukwube Alex Anedo

Disorder and democratic development: The political instrumentalization of patronage and violence in Nigeria

June 2011

  Nigeria’s fourth transition to civil rule on May 29, 1999, no doubt gave the hope of democratic, economic and social development for the nation. It was with joyous mood that it was received with seemingly overall and overwhelming conviction of ‘a final stop to military rule’. As Nigeria’s democracy gradually grows, it seems to strive within the precincts of disorder as patronage...

Author(s):   Ayokunle Olumuyiwa Omobowale  

Intra and inter party post-election crisis/feud management in a pluralistic democracy: An x-ray of the Nigerian political landscape

June 2011

  The analysis in this paper focuses on intra and inter-party electoral crisis/feud management in pluralistic polities of the world. While the study specifically focused on the Nigerian political landscape, where applicable, engaged in a synoptic juxta-positional analysis of the experiences of other pluralistic democracies notably the United States of America and India. The analysis choreographed the Nigerian...

Author(s):   S. T. Akindele  

Women in the development of Ibani (Opobo) kingdom: 1990 to 2000

June 2011

  Advancement is one common goal of groups and nations. Its direct effect on society cannot be over-emphasized, hence the argument for the holistic contribution from every segment. In Opobo kingdom, a community described as disadvantaged, the low participation of women in the development and advancement of the kingdom is regarded as a bane militating against the complete advancement of the society. To...

Author(s):   Jones M. Jaja

Social conflict in the South-South Nigeria: Implications for foreign investment

June 2011

  This paper investigated social conflict in the South-South region of Nigeria, and the challenges it posed to foreign investment in Nigeria. Non-parametric statistical and content analyses were essentially used as measuring tools. The results showed that dissatisfaction of the people of South-South especially the youths on the level of attention given to the development of their region and the damages to their...

Author(s):   Emma E. O. Chukwuemeka, Rosemary Anazodo and Hope Nzewi  

Kwame Nkrumah and the proposed African common government

May 2011

  Between 1957 and 1966, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana fought vigorously for the creation of a Union of African States with a Common African Government. His optimism for the unity and cohesion of Africa as a lever for continental development was unparalleled. However, his dream never became a reality due to stiff opposition from African leaders, most of whom feared the loss of their sovereignty, and the West, due to...

Author(s):   Aremu Johnson Olaosebikan

Elections as a strategy for democratization and conflict transformation: Liberal peace and the 1996 elections in Sierra Leone

May 2011

  This paper examines the 1996 elections in Sierra Leone and its connection to the twin processes of democratization and conflict transformation in that country. It interprets those elections as part of an emerging liberal peace agenda which since the 1990s has become the dominant approach to managing conflicts, peace-building, societal reconstruction and democratization favoured by international policy...

Author(s):   Zubairu Wai

Contemporary approaches to sustainable development: Exploring critical innovations in traditional leadership in Ghana

May 2011

  The paper examines the complexities between traditional and political leadership, science and technology and sustainable development in the context of developing countries. Particular resource information was drawn from Ghana’s experience. Available literature was also reviewed. The participatory methodology was used for data collection. This included Literature review or review of existing research...

Author(s):   Jones Lewis Arthur and Michael Kofi Nsiah  

Explanation of deliberative democracy in philosophical thoughts of Jurgen Habermas

May 2011

  As democracy has a generative nature, there is a continuous discussion and study about its principles, teachings, objectives and conceptual development. The current article follows theory research and scientific explanation of effect and reflections of theoretical – philosophical foundation of Jurgen Habermas (born in June, 18, 1929) for making his consultant democracy discourse. In other words,...

Author(s):   A. M. Shahramnia

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