African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 382

AJPSIR Articles

Perspectives on state funding of political parties and the consolidation of constitutional democracy in Ghana, Africa

August 2021

Across Africa, as in Ghana, state funding of political parties continues to generate debates across academic and policy circles. Against this background, three constituencies in the Upper West Region of Ghana were selected purposely to interrogate views of the public on this development. A combined 78 participants were selected in a mixed study design through purposive and quota sampling techniques. Primary data were...

Author(s): Samuel Marfo, Halidu Musah and Festus Owiredu-Amankwah

Politics by other means: Protests in Ethiopia (2015 -2018)

August 2021

Protest has been employed by those who lack access to the resources of organized pressure groups and/or by those whose values conflict sharply with those of the dominant elite. It has been a means of politics by other means. The use of protest as other means of politics in Ethiopia was more pronounced and recurring between the years 2015 and 2018. However, the problem still is little is known about the root...

Author(s): Yohannes Gebeyehu Alebachew

A critical evaluation of thirty years of state-civil society relations in Zambia, 1991 - 2021

August 2021

This paper aimed to assess the relations between the state and civil society in Zambia in the last thirty years of the country’s plural political dispensation. The study sought to establish the extent to which the state and civil society regard each other as genuine associates to the cause of national development. The areas of study focused on human rights protection, adherence to the rule of law, economic...

Author(s): Nsama Jonathan Simuziya

East is Red (Ink): China aid and debt diplomacy in Sub-Saharan Africa

April 2021

Using fixed-effects regression analysis, this article demonstrates that China donates more aid dollars to countries which have higher degrees of ethno political competition. This article advances a theory of foreign aid that links domestic political considerations of recipient countries with the desire of donor nations to leverage foreign aid for political gain. States where ethnic identity functions as a relevant...

Author(s): Paul James Greenbaum  

Political opportunism, impunity and the perpetuation of Victor’s Justice: A case of the Rwandan Genocide

April 2021

The genocide in Rwanda remains one of the most tragic and horrendous events witnessed in Africa, and an important case study in the exploits of transitional justice. An approximated number of one million people were subjected to systematic rape, murder and torture with several thousands of people being displaced in the process of ethnic conflict in Rwanda-evidencing genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity....

Author(s): Mwansa Ancietos

Attitudes of the Sudanese people towards the performance of new transitional government: An exploratory study

April 2021

The article is exploratory in nature and uses descriptive statistical tools to describe the attitudes of Sudanese people towards certain policy issues faced by the Transitional Government in Sudan, which has emerged after the popular revolution of December 19, 2019, that ousted Bashir’s Islamite military regime. The new Transitional Government is now less than two-year-old. Hence it is difficult to...

Author(s): Ahmed Mustafa Elhussein Mansour and Adil Yousif

Fiscal federalism, sub-national revolts and internal colonialism in Nigeria

April 2021

One subject that has remained contentious since the introduction of federalism in Nigeria has been how the revenue accruing to the nation will be shared between the federating units, namely, the federal, state and local government and among the states and the local government councils. The over centralization of power and resources in the first tier of government, has weakened other levels of governments, and undermined...

Author(s): Egobueze Anthony, Ojirika Callistus U. and Ikuinyi Owaji-Ibani

Electoral institutions and management of elections in Nigeria and Ghana: A comparative assessment

April 2021

Since the arrival of new democratic train in West Africa, elections have been characterized with naked violence and irregularities which have negatively manifested in economic underdevelopment and political instability. To this end, understanding the dominant nature and character of the electoral management bodies of Nigeria and Ghana to identify a body that is substantially functioning well is central to this paper....

Author(s): Lukman Olalekan Aliyu and Abdulrauf Ambali

India and China in Africa: Rivalry or catching up?

January 2021

The South-South cooperation has been experiencing a second youth with the deepening of Sino-Africa and Indo-Africa relations. In order to secure an important part of the Black continent’s enormous natural resources, China and India have pledged to build mutual beneficial partnerships with Africa. In the process, both Asian growing economies are infusing the continent with capital, infrastructure and jobs. If the...

Author(s): Lucien Nola Nouck

The travails of Nigerian federalism 1951-1999: A federation in crisis of constitutional engineering

January 2021

Federalism in Nigeria dates back to 1951 (69 years), but in spite of the long period of experience with federalism as a political system, Nigerians are still in search of an acceptable, truly and functional federal constitution. Today, the clamor for the restructuring of the Nigerian federal system, another way of asking for a new constitution, is so rife that it has assumed a crisis proportion. This paper therefore...

Author(s): M. M. Fadakinte and M. Abdulkareem

Globalisation and COVID-2019 pandemic: The nexus and impact on development in Africa

January 2021

Since the dawn of the 21st century, which coincides with the renewed forces of globalisation, the world has witnessed outbreak of major pandemics with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as the most recent. This study therefore, examines the relationship between globalisation and COVID-19 pandemic as well as impact on development in Africa. The paper adopts the descriptive and analytical methods while purposive sampling...

Author(s): Monday E. Dickson  

Manifest destiny and foreign relations: Examining the Nigeria-South Africa contradiction

January 2021

This article analyses the dichotomy between potentials and capabilities with respect to Nigeria-South Africa relations and how this impinges on the leadership contest majorly involving the two countries. It observed that the international recognition accorded South Africa pitched it against Nigeria though, there are other contenders including Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia and Rwanda to mention a few for the leadership slot....

Author(s): ADETUNJI, Olumuyiwa Adebayo and ADEWUMI, Eyitayo Folasade

The role of regional parliaments in conflict resolution: The case of the Pan-African Parliament (2004-2011)

October 2020

How do regional Parliaments contribute to conflict resolution? At what point in time do they intervene and with what impact? These are the key questions pursued in this paper. The ultimate purpose is to stimulate further discussion on the subject. The methodology employed is qualitative, historical and discourse analysis based on desk reviews. The study was conducted in 2011 and 12 with a focus on the experiences of the...

Author(s): Kebede Kassa Tsegaye  

Democratic illiteracy: A threat to sustainable democracy and peace in Ghana

October 2020

Following the political instabilities that have characterised Ghana few years after independence from British colonialists, many were those who thought multiparty democratic governance was the surest way to good governance and sustainable human development. The paper argues that citizens’ uncooperative attitude in governance issues, and leaders’ unpreparedness to be accountable to the citizenry result from...

Author(s): Mawuloe Koffi Kodah

China’s engagement in the promotion of peace and security in the Horn of Africa: An interplay of big power responsibility and geopolitical interest

October 2020

The Horn of Africa is a term given to the geographic map in the North East part of the African continent. The region connects Africa to the outside world like the Middle East, Europe and Asia that indicates its geopolitical significance. Despite its geopolitical significance, the region remains one of the most unstable, underdeveloped and security wise volatile than any other region of Africa. These multiple challenges...

Author(s): Gebru Assefa Leake

“Mother tongue won’t help you eat”: Language politics in Sierra Leone

October 2020

This article addresses the question, how does Sierra Leone’s language regime, moderated through formal and informal education, contribute to post-war globalization dynamics? Since Sierra Leonean independence from Britain in 1961, Krio, a type of Creole, has gone from being the mother tongue of a small ethnic minority to the lingua franca, particularly in Freetown, the state capital. English has been Sierra...

Author(s): Mneesha Gellman  

Transformations in Nigeria’s foreign policy: From Balewa to Obasanjo

July 2020

This article re-examines and reassesses Nigeria’s foreign policy from 1960 to 1979. From independence in 1960, all the administrations in Nigeria had similar foreign policy objectives until 1975 when General Murtala Mohammed became the Head of State. General Mohammed was killed in a failed military coup d’état and General Olusegun Obasanjo, his deputy, became the head of state; hence, the usage of...

Author(s): Dele Jemirade  

The politics of the coronavirus and its impact on international relations

July 2020

Pandemic outbreaks are not a new phenomenon globally. There is plethora of evidence to substantiate this view. However, each epidemic has its own defining features, magnitude, and discernible impact. Societies are affected differently. The coronavirus or COVID-19 is not an incongruity. Although it is still active, thus making detailed empirical data inconclusive, it has already impacted societies in many ways - leaving...

Author(s): Bheki Richard Mngomezulu  

African compliance with state fragility to gain agency in the international system: A case study of Uganda

July 2020

Most states in Africa, due to their unique history of state formation, do not satisfy the established (western-centric) pre-requisites of statehood. This incongruity results in Africa being framed as a place of fragile states with African agency discounted in the process. The discourse on state fragility is instrumental in insidiously granting legitimacy for western governmental interventions in Africa. Meanwhile, the...

Author(s): Anamika Madhuraj

The United Nations (UN) and human rights: Challenges and prospects

July 2020

The two World Wars (1914-18, 1939-1945) cannot be forgotten easily. This is because of their uncanny brutality and imponderable consequences which in no small measure demonstrated man’s capacity to destroy himself and decimate the environment. This assertion is predicated on the millions of people who were gruesomely killed, maimed and properties wantonly destroyed. The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction...

Author(s): Eze Chris Akani  

Stay at home: Coronavirus (COVID-19), isolationism and the future of globalization

July 2020

The novel Corona Virus (Covid-19) is creating havoc in the world. It is causing greatest damage to the health and economic fabrics of societies with considerable impact on individuals, families, communities, and nations in unprecedented scale. At the same time countries are taking desperate measures to curb its spread and limit its negative consequences. Some of these measures include stay at home and closed door...

Author(s): Kebede Kassa Tsegaye  

Transformations of forced migration in Africa: Issues and general ‎problems

May 2020

Over the past two decades, migration in Africa has been rising continuously in all subregions. ‎The range of migration flows include a rise in migrant workers, female migrants, an increase in ‎irregular migration as well as a large number of refugees and internally displaced persons. It is ‎no secret that ‎current scholarship, especially the literature that concerned international ‎organizations have...

Author(s): Hamdy A. Hassan

Black-and-white picture of a political system: Post-apartheid South Africa

May 2020

This article analyzes the cultural and political changes that occurred in South Africa after the fall of the Apartheid regime in 1994. Such relevant events have impacted South African political system; it is defined by Almond and Verba as the interaction of rôles (differentiated and undifferentiated) and the political culture (heterogeneous and homogeneous) in a country. A change in one of the two components is...

Author(s): Serena Rosadini  

State, vigilantism and youth violence in Nigeria: A study of ‘Onyabo’ in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State

May 2020

Studies and institutional reports have argued that youth violence is a precursor to national insecurity in Nigeria. Contrary to youth as an agent of transformation and national development, their recurrence in violent conflicts has continued to undermine the national security of the country. Such security backlash is further conflated by the protracted Boko Haram insurgency which has ruptured the nation building, but...

Author(s): Surajudeen O. Mudasiru and Abiodun Fatai  

Is there borderline in Nigeria's northeast? Multi-national joint task force and counterinsurgency operation in perspective

May 2020

Borderline as a defence line is central in countering transnational insurgency. Yet, countries in African Sub-region are lackadaisical about redefining inherited colonial borders. Primarily, the study examined the origin of Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF)  counterinsurgency (COIN) operational mandate as well as the linkage between border, threat of insurgency and MNJTF COIN operation  in Nigeria's...

Author(s): Lanre Olu-Adeyemi and Shaibu Makanjuola T.  

Potency of ECOWAS mission strategy in resolving electoral conflict in West Africa: A case of Côte d’Ivoire

March 2020

Conflict is inevitable in all human relations, but when managed properly, the cost in human lives and properties are minimized. This paper examined the extent of ECOWAS Peace Strategy in resolving the Post-Electoral crisis in Côte d’Ivoire and the efficiency of the ECOWAS Election Mission Strategy. In-depth interview research design was adopted, that is, both primary (structured interviews) and secondary...

Author(s): D. A. Daniel, and D. U. Enweremadu

Nigerian morbid federalism and demand for political restructuring

March 2020

The foundation of Nigeria’s problems lies in its historical development. This is linked to the swift design by predatory colonial masters aimed at achieving their political economy in colonialization of Africa. Sequel to the amalgamation of the southern and northern protectorates in 1914, Nigeria’s minimal state has continued to witness serial and intractable agitations, political interplays and intrigues...

Author(s): ABADA Ifeanyichukwu Michael, OKAFOR Nneka Ifeoma and Tr. OMEH Paul Hezekiah  

The impact of China on the agency and negotiating power of African countries: Cases of Angola and Niger

March 2020

The recent surge in cooperation between China and African countries challenges the western aid model thus giving African countries a better leverage and negotiating power in their relation with the west. It is obvious that the Chinese presence in Africa is motivated by its economic and energy security agenda, which consist in securing natural resources to ensure security of supply and demand in its domestic market. This...

Author(s): Dramane Thiombiano and Zhengke Zhang

Analysis of political parties’ ideologies influencing public policy formulation in Uganda’s Nascent Hydrocarbon Industry

December 2019

This study examined political parties’ ideologies influencing public policy formulation in Uganda’s nascent hydrocarbon industry. The study followed the four research objectives, research questions and hypotheses. The researcher applied a descriptive cross-sectional survey research design to guide the study. The research adopted both quantitative and qualitative approaches and data was collected from 218...

Author(s): Mulyanyuma Aaron Ayeta, Were Edmond Maloba and Okoth Pontian Godfrey  

Uganda and the refugee problem: challenges and opportunities

December 2019

Uganda is one of the top refugee hosting countries in Africa and the world. It has been praised as a generous country with progressive refugee policies and laws that reflect the country’s national, regional and international obligations. However, a number of challenges ranging from increasing refugee numbers, protracted refugee situations, the burden of hosting of refugees, to limited resources and little...

Author(s): Ahimbisibwe Frank  

The way-forward to make inter-governmental authority on development (IGAD) successful in actualizing a viable economic integration

May 2019

Inter-governmental authority on development (IGAD) as a regional bloc is operating with a lot of impediments that delayed the organization from attaining greater economic integration. The objective of this study was to show the ways in which IGAD can actualize credible economic integration in the region, though the best is yet to come. Qualitative data collection approaches (interview and literature as primary and...

Author(s): Tewodros Woldearegay and Gosa Abera Mamo  

Conflicts and insurgency: Barriers to global quality health service for internally displaced persons in the North Eastern Part of Nigeria

May 2019

Conflicts and insurgencies constitute some of the greatest challenge to societal peace and development. While daily effort are made by government and humanitarian organisations to address the problem of conflicts and insurgency, the absence of quality health service for those affected by conflicts have further amplified the potential for conflicts and human insecurity. The paper examines conflict and insurgency as...

Author(s): Surajudeen Oladosu Mudasiru, Olushola Basirat Oladipupo and Abiodun Surajudeen Fatai

Citizens’ trust in public and political institutions in Ethiopia

April 2019

This article examines the pattern of popular trust in public and political institutions in Ethiopia. The analysis employs individual-level survey data and uses ordinary least square regression to analyze the relative explanatory power of independent variables for variations in citizens’ institutional trust. The results demonstrate that citizens’ trust in public institutions varies extensively from one public...

Author(s): Gudeta Kebede Asfaw  

The Nigerian senate and the politics of the non-passage of the gender equality bill

April 2019

The gender equality discourse assumed a global dimension since the fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing, China in 1995. The hallmark of the Conference was the Beijing Platform for Action which was agreed upon by all 189 countries in attendance. Furthermore, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) subscribed to by United Nations member states in the year 2000, ascribed a worthy place to gender equality,...

Author(s): Damilola Taiye AGBALAJOBI and Leke Abraham OLUWALOGBON

A theoretical analysis of corruption in Sudan: Causes, diagnostics, consequences, and remedies

March 2019

This study is a descriptive and a theoretical analysis of corruption in Sudan. Given the causes and current level of corruption in the country, the current paper aims to determine some of the possible remedies of corruption. The study investigates the political, economic, social and legislative factors that contribute to the spread of corruption in the county. It analyzes—based on the literature—whether...

Author(s): Niematallah Elamin

Pan-Africanism or Pragmatism? Lessons of Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union

January 2019

In his book on, “Pan-Africanism or Pragmatism? Lessons of Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union”, Shivji presents an account of issues, dramas, and politics surrounding the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. He also includes an account of the January 1984 Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)’s Conference held in Dodoma that toppled President of Zanzibar, then Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi. This book brings back the debate on...

Author(s): M. A. Katundu  

The ‘Significance of Elections’ in Africa: 2015 elections and democratic consolidation in Nigeria

December 2018

 While it can be argued that elections are not enough for the consolidation of democracy, elections are fast emerging as a significant component of democratization. Not least, because their regularity has enhanced freedom and liberalization, but also because they have been the cause and/or effect of democratic consolidation. As a key component of democracy, elections have become the barometer and template upon...

Author(s): Abiodun Fatai  

Corruption and fiscal federalism in Nigeria: Analysis of the federal budgetary process, 1999 – 2016

December 2018

Corruption is perhaps the biggest challenge to Nigeria’s development and the integrity of the country’s fiscal monetary system. Since independence in 1960, corruption has been a destabilizing factor in the country’s progress. It however gained pronounced ascendancy during the Second Republic, forcing a greater percentage of the country’s population into serious economic hardship leading to the...

Author(s): Anthony Egobueze and Callistus U. Ojirika  

Dictatorship, bad governance and their impact on public need and social development: A comparative public administration (CPA) study on the evidence of Togo

November 2018

This study aimed to investigate the major challenges facing Togolese State government in public administration, and to provide some policy recommendation that can be applied to overcome these threats. In order to look into Togolese government managerial capacity in the implementation of national development initiatives and deliver the necessary public services efficiently and effectively, comparative public...

Author(s): Bienmali Kombate and Huang Dong  

Imaginary nature of political power in Africa: The sovereignty of orality

November 2018

The reflections we present in this article are a fundamental philosophical contribution to African politics and governance. We propose a political thought, based on the imaginary power of the African peoples, coupled with the principles of modern power from Western Europe; and analyzed sovereignty, both national and popular, based on speech or oral expression. We thus suggest an ethics of the...

Author(s): Claver BOUNDJA  

Why Equatoria Region in South Sudan may opt to secede

October 2018

Since the founding of Southern Sudan, first as a region and later as a country, the Dinka tribe has continued to exercise absolute control and domination. Following secession of South Sudan, tribalism got elevated to a level that threatens the very unity of the new country. This study was therefore based on the hypothesis that Dinka lead governments in South Sudan cannot accept any system of governance which will not...

Author(s): Benjamin Goro Gimba  

A critical review of Agenda 2063: Business as usual?

October 2018

This paper sets out to review and critically examine the Agenda 2063, a strategic long term planning instrument for the development of Africa in the next fifty years, prepared by the African Union Commission on the occasion of celebrating the OAU/AU golden jubilee in 2013. The objectives of this paper were to examine the viability of the agenda, to elucidate critical issues underpinning its successful implementation, to...

Author(s): Vedaste NDIZERA and Hannah MUZEE  

Demystifying the concept of state or regulatory capture from a theoretical public economics perspective

September 2018

State capture is one form of corruption that has received very little research interest over the years. This could be attributed to the fact that many societies particularly in the developing world seem to have institutionalized it. State capture is a manifestation of government failure which involves the manipulation of bureaucratic rule and formal procedures by business and political elites through family ties,...

Author(s): Mulenga Chonzi Mulenga and James Nilesh Mulenga  

Civil society under assault in Ethiopia

September 2018

Since the enactment of the Charities and Societies Proclamation 621/2009 in Ethiopia, civil societies were not performing their proper role for the advancement of the country’s democracy. The proclamation places excessive restrictions on the work of civil society organizations in the country. This, in turn, makes the public passive to engage in the politics of the country, rather the law gives ultimate power for...

Author(s): Tewodros Woldearegay  

Changing aid and diplomatic relations: New development actors and Norway in Africa

September 2018

Increased engagements of New Development Actors in Africa since the turn of the millennium have attracted a lot of scholars’ and policy-makers’ attention. While the direct effects of new development actors’ relation with Africa have been examined by many researchers, not much researched work on the indirect effects via the response of third countries have been done. This article explores whether and...

Author(s): Michael Oduro Asante  

Analysis of the pre-colonial, colonial and post colonial bureaucracy of Buganda: The major milestones in its development

August 2018

Bureaucracy in Buganda polity transcended the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial era. During each era, the principles which underpin the Weberian bureaucracy manifested variously. Pre-colonial bureaucracy manifested as a strong chain of command through the hierarchical kingdom structure; and centralized control by the King through the chiefs. During the colonial times, bureaucracy had duality in the chain of...

Author(s): Hizaamu Ramadhan  

Political trust in Botswana’s executive presidency: The Khama era

August 2018

This article examines political trust in the institution of the presidency. It focuses on the Khama era and aims to find out the underlying motivations to trust the president. Using the Afrobarometer surveys, the paper finds that Batswana are more likely to distrust the president if they perceive high levels of corruption, poor government performance and are dissatisfied with democracy. Partisanship is important in...

Author(s): Batlang Seabo, Wilford Molefe and Mpho Molomo  

Old habits die hard: Resistensia Nacional Mozambicana (RENAMO) propensity for military confrontation against its professed embracement of peaceful conflict resolution, 1976 to 2017

July 2018

This article reviews Tavuyanago’s publication entitled Resistensia Nacional Mozambicana (RENAMO): from military confrontation to peaceful engagement, 1976 to 2009’. In this article, Tavuyanago gave much credit to Renamo for the creation of democratic space in Mozambique’s post-civil war political landscape. RENAMO had waged a brutal guerrilla war against Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO)...

Author(s): James Hlongwana  

Why is Tanzanian opposition weak twenty five years since its re-introduction?

July 2018

This paper examines the performance of opposition parties and the prospects of multiparty politics in Tanzania. At independence in 1961 and during Colonial Rule, Tanganyika now Tanzania Mainland was enjoying a multiparty democracy but moved to one party state during 1970s. The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) has won all elections since re-introduction of multiparty politics in 1992. The debate now is on the performance of...

Author(s): Mangasini Atanasi Katundu  

Strategic dynamic thinking to manage public order: A systemic approach

June 2018

Security in post-conflict zones is a priority. However, strategists find it difficult to understand how to keep low Public Order Incidents. System Dynamics and a Strategic Point of View were used to develop a frame to learn about Public Order Incidents applied to the Colombian Case. A Working Dynamic Hypothesis and Simulation Model were developed to advance understanding of the problem. It was discovered that Public...

Author(s): J. A. Parra-Valencia, A. R. Lizcano and E. Pineda

Page 1 of 8, showing 50 records out of 382 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50