African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 382

AJPSIR Articles

Bureaucratic politics and policy development: Issues and challenges

February 2016

The paper examined the institutional interface of politics and administration in the public service in Nigeria; it also assessed the effects of the interface on service efficiency in Nigeria with a view to identifying the benefits or otherwise the interface of politics and administration, and assessed the role of bureaucracy and national development in Nigeria. Secondary data were collected mainly from relevant...

Author(s): AGBOOLA, Theophilus Olumuyiwa

Renewing media and public attention to the AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa in the post-2015 development agenda: A reflective perspective

January 2016

Since the emergence of the deadly HIV pandemic over 30 years ago, advocates and stakeholders in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have implemented diverse tactics to generate unprecedented media, public and political attention to the crisis (UNAIDS, 2011a). This paper examines some of the advocacy strategies undertaken to position HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan African and concludes that the pandemic has reached the peak of its...

Author(s): Adebayo Fayoyin

Democratization and armed conflicts in post-cold war Africa (1989-2012)

December 2015

The coming of the “Third Wave of democratization” to Africa in the late 1980s and early 1990s coincided with the dramatic increase of armed conflicts on the continent.  The purpose of this study is to revisit the connection between democratization and occurrence of armed conflicts, and to address specifically the following questions:  To what extent has Africa been democratized since the end of the...

Author(s): Adrien M. Ratsimbaharison

The importance of India Assistance to Afghanistan: A critical analysis

November 2015

As there is relation between human to human for understanding each other feelings and difficulties in civics life everywhere, there is a relation between state to state for strengthening weak state as well as maintaining friendly relations without bitterness for the society development (Morgenthau, 1973).  Since Osama Bin laden terrorist groups attacked WTO organization in US (Rondeaux, 2008), the relationship...

Author(s): D. Sendhilkumar

The cost and benefit of Nigeria’s peace mission in Sierra Leone

November 2015

In the 1990s Nigeria has heavily invested huge amount of resources in promoting peace and stability in many African countries, especially its involvement in the conflict-riddled Sierra Leone. These activities have been perceived by many foreign policy experts as misplacement of priorities considering its domestic security challenges that have been neglected for over two decades. For instance, the growing insurgency and...

Author(s): Abubakar Mohammed

India – Iran relations: Prospects and challenges

October 2015

In past few years both India and Iran have been working towards managing its energy and economic cooperation under the shadow of the United States (US) and European Union (EU) sanctions. Despite the tightening of sanctions, India cannot halt the import of crude oil from Iran given its dependence on Iranian oil. Equally important is the regional security dynamics, particularly the developments in Afghanistan in the...

Author(s): V. Suresh and K. Ramesh

Sino-Sudan relation: Mutually beneficial or neo-colonialism

October 2015

In this article, Sino-Sudan relation is explored simply, and then the related knowledge of neo-colonialism is put forward. Sino-Sudan relation is analyzed in four aspects according to the related knowledge of neo-colonialism. It is concluded that Sino-Sudan relation is mutually beneficial, not neo-colonialism. Finally, it is suggested China should intervene in Sudan’s internal affairs moderately and take...

Author(s): Liu Hui

Climate change and feminist environmentalism in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

September 2015

Feminist environmentalist debate explores possible linkages between women and environmental issues such as inequality. One of the most pressing global problem at the centre of this debate is climate change vulnerability. As the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) creates global policy awareness on the realities of climate change vulnerability, women in the poor coastal regions of the periphery societies...

Author(s): Luke A. Amadi, Mina M. Ogbanga and James E. Agena

North Korea’s nuclear program and the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons: The controversy and its implications

September 2015

This study critically examines the trend in non-compliance of the NPT, its lack of effectiveness in deterrence and consistent behavior both among compliance and noncompliance states to identify what constitutes construes, and at times justifies the trend. That is, based on the established NPT norms, the study inquired to indicate what the decade’s long diplomatic, military and media ramble constitutes in the...

Author(s): Assefa Le-ake Gebru

Democracy, plea bargaining and the politics of anti-corruption campaign in Nigeria (1999-2008)

September 2015

This article examines the genuineness of the campaign against corruption in Nigeria by the democratic regime inaugurated in 1999. It underscores the rationale behind the introduction of plea bargaining as a condition for mitigation of criminal offense in Nigeria. The paper argues that the way and manner by which this element entered the country's legal document was itself criminal in nature and lack any known...

Author(s): Surajudeen Oladosu Mudasiru

Effects of leadership training and team work on the Nigeria electoral system: A re-examination

August 2015

The paper set out to examine the role leadership and good team work could play in ensuring credible and acceptable conduct of election in Nigeria.  Bearing in mind that the previous conduct of elections in Nigeria was questionable as series of legal petitions always greeted Nigeria election results.  This obviously is not disconnected with breach of Electoral Act and Constitutional provisions guiding the...

Author(s): Omoleke, Isiaka Ishola and Fayomi, Ike

Healing the ailing old colony (Nigeria)

August 2015

This paper addressed the rationale for the establishment of a state and the institutions of governance and state administration of Nigeria, the old British colony which was annexed in 1861 by the then British Government. It further analysed the social challenges that the old colony has been battling with since independence in 1960 which constitute variety of social ailments for the country and its citizens. Yet, the...

Author(s): Omoleke Ishaq Isola and Ike Fayomi

Reframing post-Mugabe justice: A critical need for a truth and reconciliation commission

July 2015

This paper interrogates conditions by which deeply divided societies such as Zimbabwe can move forward through a recognition paradigm often used by Truth Commissions (TCs). The study is located within a dispute that troubled societies cannot fully reconcile as long as pre-existing grievances are not addressed. The principal argument is that there have been human rights abuses under President Mugabe’s presidency...

Author(s): Admore Tshuma

Environmental policy in the Czech Republic: Synergy cooperation among agencies

July 2015

Environmental issues must be supported by all parties. International, national, and local agencies should manage the environmental issues seriously and consistently. European Union as an international or regional organization in Europe promoted sustainable development to the member states where the Czech Republic announces a policy of the Environmental Policy to invite participation of all relevant institutions and...

Author(s): Siswanto Ahmed

Insurgency and humanitarian crises in Northern Nigeria: The case of Boko Haram

July 2015

Insurgency has become a threat to global peace and security in the 21st century due to the fact that it constitutes the highest contributor to humanitarian crises in the form of rise in human casualties, internally displaced persons, refugee debacles, food insecurity and the spread of various diseases. The paper sets out to analyse the impact of Boko Haram insurgency on humanitarian crises in Northern Nigeria with...

Author(s): Imasuen Emmanuelar

Moving beyond ‘Illiberal Democracy’ in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recalling the significance of local governance

July 2015

The developmental history of today’s liberal democratic states demonstrates a clear parallel between liberal state practice and functioning local government institutions.  This simple fact has implications for today’s policymakers interested in the political liberalization of sub-Saharan Africa’s newly declared “democracies.”  Yet, among the many debates taking place in...

Author(s): Christopher LaMonica

In search of a framework for social discourse: The case of the state and labour formations in a post-colonial emergent Botswana

June 2015

The search for credible and stable democratic systems in post-colonial African countries takes different forms. It would appear however that whatever the modalities may be, the results invariably are not holistically beneficent to the major segments of these societies. Efforts demonstrated appear not only to lead to deferred hopes but also delayed reprioritization of priorities once political liberation has been...

Author(s): Emmanuel K.B. Ntumy

The geopolitics and human security of the Afar in the post-cold war period

June 2015

This paper draws attention to the new geopolitical dynamics of the Afar-Horn states in the Post Cold War period with respect to its effects on sub regional human insecurity (among the Afar people) in the Afar-Horn. Contrary to hitherto held assumptions about the nature of conflict in the Horn region as central of inter-state relations, the Post Cold War period has brought the Afar people in three political...

Author(s): Mu’uz Gidey Alemu

Egypt and "Democracy Dilemma"

June 2015

The principal objective of this paper is to describe and analyze the failure process of democratization in the Egypt after Mubarak regime. The article continues to give an overview over the current situation inside Egypt after the revolution and collects some evidence for a changed relationship between democracy and stability inside the country. In this context, when Mohammad Morsi won the presidential election in June...

Author(s): Masoud Rezaei

India’s Foreign Policy-Retrospect and prospect

June 2015

A country relation with other countries of the world is known as her external relations. The external relations of a country are based on certain principles and policies. They are collectively called foreign policy. Thus foreign policy is the totality of actions of a state in dealing with external environment consisting of national, international and regional actors. In other words, foreign policy is the sum total of a...

Author(s): Tajamul Rafi, Usha Shrivastava and Nasreena Akhtar

Contribution of Indian leaders to Indian Nationalist Movement: An analytical discussion

June 2015

At present, India is the most growing powerful nation state of the world. Although it came into being in1947, it was a colony of the British Empire. The British had ruled this land for more than 200 years. To become independent it has to go through a long journey. In this long journey it was guided by its great leaders. These leaders gave Indians the tools to become independent that is Nationalist Movement. Hence,...

Author(s): Manzurul Karim

Sheikh Mujibur Rehman: Founder of Bangladesh

May 2015

Charismatic leaders are the gifts and mercy from God. They are torch bearers of knowledge and revolution. Every nation in one way or the other has been and is endowed with leaders and same is the case of Bangladesh nation which was fortunate enough to have a leader like Sheikh Mujibur Rehman who guided them in the times of freedom struggle, and thrusted them into the region which dawned tranquility of mind and...

Author(s): Shahnawaz Mantoo

Contending hegemony and the new security systems in Africa

May 2015

This paper evaluates the new scramble for Africa in the post-cold war era which has largely contributed to the geostrategic reshaping of the continent. Although much like its predecessor, this newfound scramble is based on resource grabbing scarcity that favors dominant powers and discards the hopes and interests of African peoples. The paper deviates, as it should, from the pessimistic outlook that western scholars...

Author(s): Hamdy A. Hassan

Promoting credible elections in developing countries: International development partners and civil society organizations in Nigeria

May 2015

International development agencies are important actors for democracy promotion, especially in developing countries. In this regard, there has been an upsurge of these agencies in Nigeria’s democratization process. This paper examines Democratic Governance for Development (DGD) as one of the initiatives of international development agencies toward promoting democracy in Nigeria. Specifically, the initiative has...

Author(s): Abubakar Abdullahi

Understanding the content of crimes against humanity: Tracing its historical evolution from the Nuremberg Charter to the Rome Statute

May 2015

The term ‘crimes against humanity’ has been widely used by different people to mean different things. The media has referred the term to include a variety of contemporary political events that they have reported on. The media practitioners and social workers have used the term loosely to refer to situations where the governments or any other people holding power, authority or influence have done any wrong....

Author(s): Brian Dube

Oil multinationals and conflicts construction in oil-host communities in the Niger Delta

May 2015

Oil-host communities in the Niger Delta have for over two decades been enmeshed in violent conflicts. These conflicts have resulted in numerous deaths, destruction of properties and entire communities. The proliferation of violent conflicts in the Niger Delta is a departure from the history of social, political and economic relations in the region before and during colonial rule. The paper interrogates the trajectories...

Author(s): Crosdel G.O. Emuedo

New Public Management (NPM): A dominating paradigm in public sectors

April 2015

New Public Management (NPM) system hasbeen the dominant paradigm inpublic administration theory and practice since 1980s, having its affinity with markets and private sector management as the old administrative model has been under severe criticisms for its inability to deliver goods and services to the people. NPM is depicted as a normative conceptualization totally different in many ways from traditional public...

Author(s): Fakhrul Islam

The effect of Somali armed conflict on the East African Sub-Region

April 2015

This paper intends to look at the effects of Somali armed conflict on the East African Sub-region. The objective of this article is to examine the economic and political instability caused by the conflict in Somalia. This paper views economic hardship as one of the primary sources of the Somali armed conflicts. The Somali armed conflict strongly supports the “greed to grievance” assumption. At the level of...

Author(s): Khadijah Sanusi Gumbi

Democratisation process and governance crisis in contemporary Nigeria: A re-examination

April 2015

The minimalist conception articulated in the advanced democracies of the West, and typified by liberal political theory and thereafter im(ex)ported to Africa hook, lines and sinkers have not produced the desired ‘fruits’. Going by the waves of democratic upheavals in most part of the continent, the kind of procedural, formal or institutional democracy, which stresses political rights, focusing on elections...

Author(s): OMOLEKE, Ishaq Isola and OLAIYA, Taiwo Akanbi

Cultural hegemony and Africa’s development process

April 2015

This work is about cultural hegemony and Africa’s development process. It examines the backwardness associated with the truncation of African cultural modes of development and the unsuccessful adaptation to western systems introduced by colonial powers. Among the Africa’s lost cultural values, as stated in this work, include the African languages for thinking and planning development processes; sense of...

Author(s): Iwara Eno Iwara

Corruption and voting in Senegal: Evidence from experimental and survey research

March 2015

In Senegal, as in other emerging African democracies, political corruption remains rampant. While all experts on Africa acknowledge the profound impact of widespread corruption on politics, there is disagreement on the role corruption plays on average citizens' behavior. Does corruption affect participation in Africa, and if so, does it do so because powerful patrons compel or bribe Africans to vote? Or, are...

Author(s): Kris Inman and Josephine T. Andrews

Unemployment and poverty as sources and consequence of insecurity in Nigeria: The Boko Haram insurgency revisited

March 2015

Central to the discussion in this paper is the issue of the crisis of unemployment and extreme poverty prevailing in Nigeria, particularly in the Northern region where it is endemic. It is the contention of this paper that contrary to expectations and dreams nourished by many that the country’s abundant resources will help alleviate poverty from among the citizenry, lack of judicious utilization of these resources...

Author(s): USMAN Solomon Ayegba

The fallacy behind the role of civil society in transitional democracies: The case of Kenyan ethno-political conflicts

March 2015

The belief in the centrality of the role of civil society in democracy promotion should be re-evaluated especially in the context of transitional societies like Kenya. Contrary to the widely held view that Civil society is a platform for citizen engagement with government and other state and non state actors, there is reason to believe that civil society has become an avenue for simmering hatred and the promotion of...

Author(s): Mark Okowa

The role of small arms and light weapons proliferation in African conflicts

March 2015

Africa is transiting through a trying phase in the history of its evolution as a major world civilization. These trying challenges are characterized by the extremes of hunger, the conditions of massive refugee flow and internally displaced persons occasioned by the gruesome phenomenon of violent conflicts and wars. The paper sets out essentially to establish the connection between the massive flow of small arms and...

Author(s): Ayuba, Caleb and Okafor, Gerald

The promise of regional projects for Africa’s landlocked countries: Focusing on Ethiopia

February 2015

Landlocked countries face significant development challenge merely from their geopolitical position. This is magnificent specifically in terms of their access to the sea. However, some argue that regional arrangements can be promising in solving at least such specific challenge in their development endeavor. In this context, this article reviews real and potential challenges and prospects Ethiopia has to deal with at...

Author(s): Ebssa Wakwaya

The Writing as a condition of validity in the arbitration agreement in Tunisian legislation

February 2015

Nowadays, arbitration is required in the world of international trade as the normal mode of dispute settlement. Indeed, the development of the business world and the intensification of global trade have contributed to the emergence of several conflicts between international traders, these conflicts are amplified with different cultures, mentalities and especially international legislation. The arbitration was then the...

Author(s): Akrem Jalel

Political Leadership in Ghana: 1957 to 2010

February 2015

Leadership is a universally recognized concept whose practice and interpretation is culturally framed. The fundamental thrust of this study is to examine the leadership journey in Ghana with specific reference to political leaders, military or civilian; and their administrative leadership styles. Four outlined variables in the form of personality, values, role and setting constituted the framework of analysis, which...

Author(s): Kwasi Dartey-Baah

Cultural theory elaborations without predictive utility

February 2015

There is no single work that has stirred the debate about cultural theory in social science than Aaron Wildavsky’s “Choosing Preferences by Constructing Institutions: A Cultural Theory of Preference Formation”. Anthropologists’ use of culture as an explanatory tool is quite acceptable because they (anthropologists) usually seek to describe what has been observed by using history, artifacts,...

Author(s): Richard Amoako Baah, Dramani Aminu and Mohammed Abass

Evaluating the social contract theoretical ideas of Jean Jacques Rousseau: An analytical perspective on the state and relevance to contemporary society

February 2015

This paper evaluates the social contract theory from the view point of Jean Jacques Rousseau and applies the relevance to contemporary society. It is found that the social contract theorists traced the origin of the state to a social contract by individuals after an experience from the state of nature. Rousseau’s state of nature initially guaranteed freedom and good life for the individuals until the institution...

Author(s): SHAAPERA, Simon Aondohemba

An alternative perspective: Islam, identity, and gender migration of Sudanese Muslim women in the UK

January 2015

This article is yet an attempt to provoke and stimulate minds, to seek an alternative understanding - an accurate one to the multiple nature of Islam. This is done by situating knowledge and mapping history, and including a minority of minorities. African Islam needs more articulation. Muslim women of Africa exist in Europe in silence. They face double/triple jeopardy generated from the interplay of racism and sexism...

Author(s): Ameena Alrasheed

Towards institutionalizing gender equality in Africa: How effective are the global gender summits and convention? A critique

January 2015

In the neo liberal order, gender equality discourse has had a renewed impetus following the post global gender summits and conventions inspired by options to enlarge the participation of women in governance and decision making processes such as the Beijing 35% affirmative action. However, decades on, institutionalizing gender equality in the periphery societies such as Africa has been elusive. This paper explores some...

Author(s): Luke Amadi and Cajetan Amadi

Micro-hegemony and political orders in Uganda

January 2015

In the last twenty years, local government in Uganda has been transformed into one of power centers with authoritative actors. Within the existing constitutional structures local government is a host of powerful actors whose activities influence public policy decisions as well as determine the fortunes of local areas. The creation of new power centers has implied more avenues of influence. Both the political and...

Author(s): AYEKO-Kümmeth Jane

The riddle of Barack Obama: A psychoanalytic study

December 2014

In August 2008 the 47-year-old Barack Hussein Obama was elected by the U.S. Democratic National Convention as its nominee for President of the United States. This was the first time an African-American had ever been nominated to this office. It was a momentous and revolutionary event. The bright African-American orphan son of a bright but tragic Kenyan father, who had died in a tragic car accident in 1982 in Kenya,...

Author(s): Avner Falk

Ethnocentrism: Significance and effects on Kenyan society

December 2014

This study investigates the significance and effects of ethnocentrism in the Kenyan society. The usual concept of ethnocentrism combines the belief that one’s culture is superior to other cultures with the practice of judging other cultures as inferior to one’s own culture. This concept does not address the underlying issue of why people do this but emphasizes that people make false assumptions based on...

Author(s): Margaret Wanjiru Njoroge and Gabriel Njoroge Kirori

The legitimacy challenge of market governance in Botswana

December 2014

This paper examines the economic policy implementation in Botswana, a country where the state is actively engaged in the management of the economy in partnership with organized interests in the private sector, to bring about a diversification of the market away from dependence on mining. The discussion looks at the institutional mechanisms of state-market “partnership”, examining how the weak legitimacy of...

Author(s): Charles Conteh

PBC- A commission for hegemonic peace building?

November 2014

The United Nations’ (UN) organ, the Peace-building Architecture (PBA) directed by Peace-building Commission (PBC) is yet to become a distinct player in peace-building. Arguments articulate well how it continues to find it difficult to tackle challenges that mar world wide support for peace-building. It seems to display behaviours that are assumed in the modernization theory and has a vague approach to the concept...

Author(s): Keorapetse Mmoloki Gabatlhaolwe

A critical analysis of whether Zimbabwe can achieve economic development through its ‘Look East Policy’

November 2014

The aim of the paper is to critically analyse the potential of Zimbabwe’s foreign policy, specifically the Look East Policy at stimulating economic development and growth. This analysis is based solely on selected secondary material. In response to external and internal pressure, the government of Zimbabwe redesigned its foreign policy outlook with the aim of establishing relations with countries in the East like...

Author(s): Shingairai Belinda Mudavanhu

Elites and exclusive politics in Sub-Saharan African

November 2014

This paper examines democracy as a major and popular form of government which is finding ground across the African continent. The study also examines the degree to which political power is concentrated in the hands of elites while the ordinary citizens are relegated to voting alone when elections are due shortly after which they are soon forgotten in the governance of state affairs. Conducted with the use of secondary...

Author(s): Ibrahim Baba

The influence of Treaty Design on the participation of Developing and Developed Nations in International Environmental Agreements (IEAs)

November 2014

It is an observed fact that developing and developed countries participate in International Environmental Agreements (IEAs) to different levels. Do IEA provisions exert differential levels of influence on the participation of developing and developed countries? This paper relies on multivariate regression analysis to examine the relationship between key IEA provisions and the participation of developing and developed...

Author(s): Chenaz B. Seelarbokus

Unipolar world in crisis as Russia challenges U.S and allies, dragging other disgruntled countries along

November 2014

For more than two decades after the collapse of Soviet Union and concomitantly, cold war, United States of America became dominant world power, with western powers queuing behind her. Preoccupied by domestic political and economic problems that led, in the first instance, to the collapse of the octopus (Soviet empire), the old rival and foe receded from international politics and other engagements. United States and her...

Author(s): F. A. Olasupo

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