International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 264

IJLP Articles

Management and Breeding Objectives of Maefur goat breed type in Erob district eastern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

March 2018

A cross sectional survey was conducted to characterize production system and to identify breeding objectives of Maefur goat population in the eastern zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for the personal interview with purposively selected 150 households. The data collected through personal household interview were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Indices were used to provide the...

Author(s): Weldeyesus Gebreyowhens, and Rohotash Kumar

Meat quality and morphology to meet the patency of Menz sheep (Ovis aries) in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia

February 2018

The study was conducted to characterize meat quality and morphology of sheep in North Shewa Zone, and to generate baseline information on the patency of Menz sheep. A total of 720 sheep were purposely selected for morphological study. The result showed that age at first kidding, age at sexual maturity, weight, height, length, hair length, tail length and age at disposal were with a mean of 5.58 months, 4.55 months,...

Author(s): Said Mohammed, Tewodros Kelemu and Getachew Kassa

Assessment of the problems associated with artificial insemination practices in Essera Woreda, Dawuro zone, Southern Ethiopia

February 2018

This study was conducted to assess the problems associated with the artificial insemination service in Essera woreda of Dawuro zone, southern Ethiopia from December, 2016 to August, 2017. The study was conducted using questionnaire survey and records in targeted human and dairy cow’s population, respectively. There was no statistically significant association (P>0.05) in the conception and delivery of cows with...

Author(s): Fentaye Kassa and Wubshet Wuletaw

Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of pre-weaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

January 2018

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves in the feeding of lactating rabbits. For 35 days, food consumption, weight performance and mortality were recorded in 96 mother cages of four batches of lactating rabbits subjected to four diets, including a control diet without neem leaves (lot 0) and three diets (lot 5: 5% leaves; lot 10: 10% leaves, and lot 15: 15% leaves)...

Author(s): Delphin Sévérin Vidjannagni, Soumanou Séibou Toleba, Haziz Sina, Dahouda Mahamadou, Adam Adenile, Ulrich Natonnagnon,, Florian Dadjo Daga, Aminatou Harouna, and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Factors influencing the success of on-farm estrus synchronization of dairy cattle in North Shewa Zone, Amahara Region, Ethiopia

January 2018

To increase the efficiency of artificial insemination (AI) and improve reproductive performance of dairy cattle, different governmental organizations (GOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been conducting field level estrus synchronization followed by AI in different locations in Ethiopia. However, success rates varied from low to moderate between locations. North Shewa Zone of Amhara Region was among the...

Author(s): H. Gatew, T. Zewde, G. Kassa, Y. Chanyalew and L. Gazu

Community based assessment of the importance of Newcastle disease in village chickens in Bauchi State, Nigeria

December 2017

A study on the importance of Newcastle disease (ND) in village chickens was conducted among farmers, poultry traders and community leaders using a focus group discussion (FGD) on village chicken production in eight communities of Bauchi State, Nigeria. Participatory epidemiologic tools of proportional piling and pair wise ranking were used by all the participants of FGD to rank by importance common diseases of village...

Author(s): Adamu G. Sule, Paul A. Abdu, Junaidu Kabir and Grace S. A. Kia

Characteristics of small-scale sheep production systems in some communal areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

December 2017

The objective of this study was to examine the characteristics of small-scale livestock production systems in some communal areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The parameters surveyed include sex, age, educational and marital status of the farmers, types of livestock raised and production system practiced. The study revealed that mixed crop-livestock production systems were dominant in the study area....

Author(s): S. Mthi, A. Skenjana and P. O. Fayemi

Challenges and opportunities of milk, meat and live animal marketing in Ethiopia: A review

November 2017

As a result of population growth, urbanization and others, the demand for animal product have substantially increased in Ethiopia. The performance of livestock product marketing was poor in the last decade showing less accessibility to both consumers and other market due to number of constraints particularly in milk, meat and live animal marketing. The common milk market constraint includes: lack of clear milk marketing...

Author(s): Tesfaye Amene Dadi

Prevalence of equine strongyle infection and its associated risk factors in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia

November 2017

This cross-sectional study was carried out from November, 2015 to May, 2016 to determine the prevalence of equine strongyles and associated risk factors in Jimma town. Fresh faecal samples were obtained from 384 randomly selected horses (n= 287), donkeys (n= 67) and mules (n= 30). Coprological examination for the detection of strongyle eggs was performed using floatation technique. The overall prevalence of strongyle...

Author(s): Girma Sori, Tilahun Bekele, Gurmu Geso, Hassennur Ibrahim, Fufa Gobena, Godana Jarso, Moa Melaku and Ayalew Shumet

The potential of reproductive technologies in breeding smallholder cattle populations in Zimbabwe

October 2017

Cattle are critical to most smallholder agricultural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa. A study was carried out to assess breed and trait preferences, breeding practices, application and potential adoption of novel reproductive technologies by smallholder cattle farmers in four districts of Zimbabwe. The study revealed that famers are subsistence oriented and follow a resource driven production system. Herd size...

Author(s): Eddington Gororo, Stanley M. Makuza, Fungayi P. Chatiza, Showman Gwatibaya, Passmore Gahadzikwa and Farisai Chidzwondo

Methionine fortified blood meal can replace fish meal in broiler diets

September 2017

This study was conducted to evaluate the growth performance, dressing percent and carcass composition, organ weights and cost-return analysis of broiler chickens fed methionine-fortified blood meal as replacement for fish meal. Two hundred and ten day-old hybro broiler chicks were allotted to 21 floor pens with 10 birds per pen. Seven experimental diets were formulated for starter and finisher phases respectively. ...

Author(s): Ebuo Cecilia Ewa, Emmanuel Abekam Agiang, Essien Ekpenyong Nsa, Ideba Ekpolo Ele, Pascal Ogar Ozung and Godwin Pius Ekot

Production performance of Sasso (distributed by ethio-chicken private poultry farms) and Bovans brown chickens breed under village production system in three agro-ecologies of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Regional State (SNNPR), Ethiopia

September 2017

A quick survey study was conducted with the objectives of assessing farmers trait preference and productive performance of Sasso provided by Ethio-chicken private poultry farms under village production system in three agro ecologies of SNNPR, Ethiopia. Totally, 135 randomly selected respondents (45 from each agro ecologies) were included in the study. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and one...

Author(s): Aman Getiso, Bangu Bekele, Bereket Zeleke, Desta Gebriel, Abiti Tadesse, Edget Abreham and Hamid Jemal

Dairy cattle milk production, handling, processing, utilization and marketing system in Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

September 2017

The study was conducted to assess the general milk production system, handling practices, processing, utilization and marketing system of raw cow milk produced in Mizan Aman, Debub and Shey Bench Districts. A total of 270 respondents (thirty respondents from each study area) were selected using simple random sampling technique and interviewed by using a semi structured questionnaires. The results of current study showed...

Author(s): Teshome Gemechu and Tesfaye Amene

The effect of limiting feeding time by three and six hours per day during the starter period on broiler performance

August 2017

In a completely randomized design, one hundred and twenty one- day old (Arbor acres) broiler chicks were randomly distributed in three treatments, five replicates with eight chicks per a replicate. The treatments were: 24 h ad libitum feeding (A), B feed removal from 9:00 to 12:00 noon (3 fasting hours) and C feed removal from 9:00 to 3:00 pm (6 fasting hours). Feed restriction was applied from 8 to 28 days of age. The...

Author(s): Somaia Mohamed Alkhair, Nureldin Ahmed Musharaf, Ibrahim Ismail Hamid and Omer Ibrahim Alkurdi

Participatory identification of breeding objective traits of Woyto-Guji goat in Loma district, Southern Ethiopia

August 2017

Woyto-Guji goat breeds suitable for diverse purposes in the different production environments or ecological zones in the district. Farmers in different production systems have different trait preferences and the strategies followed by them are also as diverse as the agro-environments within which they operate. Socio-economic (cash, asset, security) and production or yield attribute (meat) were ranked first and second...

Author(s): Yaekob Lorato, Kirman Manzoor Ahmed and Birhanu Belay

Management and phenotypic features of indigenous cattle in Rwanda

July 2017

Breed improvement and conservation are optimally achieved when the available genetic resources are characterised and strategies developed to achieve the goals. This study aimed at investigating the management practices, performance and morphological features of the indigenous cattle ecotypes in Rwanda on 250 cattle farming households. A total of 20 measurements taken on 305 female and 45 male cattle were: body length...

Author(s): Claire D’Andre Hirwa, Donald Rugira Kugonza, Tiba Murekezi, Jean Damascene Rwemarika, Aline Kayitesi, Arsene Musemakweri, Jean Pierre Shabayiro, Felicien Shumbusho, Maximillian Manzi and Theogene Safari

Evaluation of different processing methods of soya beans (Glycine max) on its nutritive value and the performance of broilers: A qualitative selection approach for extension

July 2017

Several trials has been conducted by poultry nutritionist in evaluating effects of soybean processing on its nutritive value and the performance of broilers without clearly declaring the best processing method to be adopted by farmers that will give them on the average a cumulative best result output. A qualitative selection approach was thus adopted in the evaluation of different processing methods of soya beans...

Author(s): Ari M. M., Ayanwale B. A. and Adama T. Z.

Influence of breed, season and age on quality bovine semen used for artificial insemination

June 2017

The success or failure of artificial insemination starts with the quality status of semen used, hence, this study aimed to investigate the effects of breed, season and year on bovine semen quality of the National Bull Stud of Rwanda kept at Masaka bull station, Rwanda. A total of 1475 semen samples were collected bi-weekly from nine bulls of Holstein Friesian (n = 3), Inyambo (n = 3) and Jersey (n = 3) breed using an...

Author(s): Hirwa Claire D’Andre, Kugonza Donald Rugira, Amahoro Elyse, Ingabire Claire, Niyiragira Vincent, Myambi Celestin, Manzi Maximillian, Murekezi Tiba, Nyabinwa Pascal, Nshimiyimana Alphonse Marie, Kanyandekwe Christine and Gahakwa Daphrose

Fattened cattle marketing systems in Moretna Jiru District, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

June 2017

The study was conducted in Moretna Jiru district, North Shoa zones of Amhara Regional State of Ethiopia from February 2014 to January 2016 to assess fattening cattle marketing system. The primary and secondary data were collected through structured interview, focus group discussion and direct filed observation. Statistical package for social science (SPSS 16) were used to analyze data. In the study area, most...

Author(s): Getachew Kassa, Abebe Bereda, Tewodros Eshete and Almaz Bekele

Bodyweight gain and carcass characteristics of Horro sheep fed urea treated maize husk and untreated maize husk supplemented with different levels of concentrate mix at Bako, Western Ethiopia

June 2017

The experiment was conducted for 90 days of feeding trial at Bako district, Western Ethiopia using twenty yearling male Horro sheep weighing 20.42 ± 0.35 kg (mean ± SD) with the objectives to evaluate the effect of supplementation of nougseed meal and wheat bran mix (1:1) on body weight (BW) gain and carcass characteristics of Horro sheep. The experiment was arranged with four blocks and four treatments in...

Author(s): Girma Defar and Mengistu Urgie

History, status and use of equines in the West African Republic of Gambia

May 2017

Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland and is one of the poorest. Agriculture contributes about 23.6% of the national Gross Domestic Product, mainly from crop production.  Cattle are the most important livestock species and oxen originally provided most of the draught power. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, horses were traded by the Portuguese with local inhabitants for slaves and then used...

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson

Improving live body weight gain of local sheep through crossbreeding with high yielding exotic Dorper sheep under smallholder farmers

May 2017

The study was conducted in Hawzen and Hintalowagerat districts of Tigray region Northern Ethiopia with the objective of enhancing meat production performance of the local sheep through cross breeding with high yielding exotic Dorper sheep under smallholder farmers. Pure male Dorper mated with local sheep produced first and second generation with 50 and 25% blood level of Dorper, respectively. Farmer’s research...

Author(s): Weldeyesus Gebreyowhens,, Mengistu Regesa and Awet Esifanos  

Effects of dietary inclusion of a commercially available probiotic on growth performance, cecal microbiota and small intestinal morphology in broiler chickens

April 2017

This study was conducted in order to investigate the dietary inclusion effects of a commercially available probiotic mixture and an antibiotic on the growth performance, cecal microbiota and small intestinal morphology in broiler chickens. A total of 100 broiler chickens (Cobb 500) were subjected to 35-days of study period. The broiler chickens were randomly divided into four groups named T1 (control group), T2...

Author(s): Most T. Khatun, S. M. Lutful Kabir, Md. S. Islam, Tuhin-Al-Ferdous, Md. M. Islam, Md. M. Rahman, M. M. H. Mustafa, Md. A. Latif, P. Thitisak and K. Poonsuk

Morphological characterization of indigenous sheep population in their production system for developing suitable selection criteria in central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

April 2017

The aim of this study was to characterize the phenotype of the indigenous sheep population in central zone of Tigray. A total of 450 mature sheep were sampled randomly for collect qualitative data. Based on dentition adult sheep were classified into four age categories (from one pair of permanent incisor to four pair of permanent incisor). Coat colour, tail type, ear orientation and presence of wattle were significant...

Author(s): H. H. Tesfay, A. K. Banerjee and Y. Y. Mummed

Substitution of dried mulberry (Morus indica L.) leaf meal for concentrate mix on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics of Abergelle sheep

April 2017

The study was conducted at Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia using 24 yearling intact male Abergelle sheep with initial body weight of 17.52 ± 1.13 kg. The objectives were to evaluate substitution of dried mulberry (Morus indica L.) leaf meal (DMLM) for concentrate mix (CM) on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics, and to determine cost benefit analysis of the...

Author(s): Desta Tekle Gebru, Yadav Ram Khushi and Teferi Aregawi Tedla

Effects of dietary inclusion of cassava root flour in broiler diets on growth performance, carcass characteristic and haematological parameters

March 2017

A 42-day study was carried out with ninety 14-day old broiler chickens (Cobb 500) to evaluate the dietary inclusion of cassava flour in full replacement with maize on growth performance, carcass characteristics and haematological parameters. The chickens were randomly allotted to 6 pens involving two dietary treatments of three replicates per each treatment and 15 birds per each replicate in a Complete Randomized...

Author(s): Zanu, H. K., Azameti, M. K. and Asare, D.

Livestock feed resources, nutritional value and their implication on animal productivity in mixed farming system in Gasera and Ginnir Districts, Bale Zone, Ethiopia

February 2017

The study was conducted in Gasera and Ginnir districts of Bale mid to highland areas, Oromia regional state, southeast Ethiopia; to assess livestock feed resources, to determine major feed nutritional value and their implication on animal productivity. Stratified random sampling (poor, medium and wealth) was applied to identify the sampled unit of 156 households in the selected districts. The chemical compositions of...

Author(s): Mekuanint Gashaw and Girma Defar

The effect of commercially available chicken feed and chicken meat on body weight and serum estrogen levels in female albino Wistar rats

February 2017

In Pakistan, the most favorable consumption in meat nowadays is chicken. The inclination of the dietary pattern to chicken meat more than red meat may be because of its better taste, easy availability and low cost. At the same time, there is an increase in prevalence of polycystic ovaries 5 to 10% in Pakistan. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of the chicken feed and chicken meat on the growth,...

Author(s): Saara Ahmad

Evaluation of oestrus synchronization and mass artificial insemination service of dairy cattle in Mizan Aman area, Bench Maji zone, South West Ethiopia

January 2017

The objectives of this study were to assess the hormonal response, conception rate, calving rate and perception of farmers towards the technology. From 220 cows and heifers brought by farmers for the services, 65% (143) that fulfilled the selection criteria were selected and injected with 2 ml of Cloprostenol. Data on the history of each heifers and cows, number of heifers and cows responsive to hormonal treatment,...

Author(s): Tegegn Fantahun and Zelalem Admasu

Handling practices and microbial contamination sources of raw milk in rural and peri urban small holder farms in Nakuru County, Kenya

January 2017

The cow, the milking and milk handling procedures at the farm level expose the milk to potential risk of contamination with spoilage microorganisms. Milk contamination if not prevented will lead to milk losses along the dairy value chain. The objective of this study was therefore to identify the risk factors associated with contamination of milk with spoilage microorganisms at the farms in rural and peri urban in Nakuru...

Author(s): Orwa J. D., Matofari J. W. and Muliro P. S.

Effects of tanniferous browse plant supplementation on the nutrient digestibility and growth of Djallonké rams

December 2016

Two separate experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of tanniferous (CT) browse plant supplementation on the growth, nutrient digestibility and blood biochemical properties of Djallonké sheep. The browse plants were Albizia lebbeck, Gmelina arborea, Senna siamea and Ceiba pentandra and were harvested from natural grazing fields within the vicinity of Nyankpala in Ghana. In experiment I, 20...

Author(s): Terry Ansah, Robert Wilkinson and Herbert Kwabla Dei

Performance and Haematological Parameters of Rabbits fed graded levels of Bitter kola (Garcinia kola)

December 2016

The need to reduce cost of production of meat animal has necessitated the use of plant materials with medicinal properties as feed additives capable of minimizing the influence of pathogenic microbes and improving performance of the animal. This study investigated the effect of such medicinal plant materials Garcinia kola on the growth performance and the haematological parameters of 20 weeks old rabbits. Thirty six...

Author(s): Ebenebe, C.I., Nwankwor, A.O., Izukanne, R.O and Ufele, A.N.

Effect of three different diets on sensory attributes and meat quality of feedlot finished Tswana yearling steers

December 2016

The study was conducted to assess the effect of roughage source on meat quality and sensory attributes of yearling Tswana cattle. The sensory traits and meat quality of yearling Tswana steers fed maize stover diet (treatment A), sorghum stover diet (treatment B) or commercial beef finisher diet (treatment Control) were evaluated and allotted feeding trial by adopting Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The commercial...

Author(s): Machete J. B., Baleseng L. B., Molemogi E., Mpho K. , Bahta S. and Ntokome K.

Fertility and Hatchability Performance of Pure and Crossbred Indigenous Chicken Strains in the High Rainforest Zone of Nigeria

December 2016

The effect of strains on fertility, hatchability, and embryo mortality of indigenous chicken reared in the high rain forest zone of Nigeria was investigated. In this investigation, indigenous chicken with normal feathered phenotype, naked neck, and frizzle feathered phenotype which consisted of 10 cocks and 35 hens as the parents were used. They were put in 7 breeding groups: (1) Normal feathered cock with normal...

Author(s): F.O. Ajayi and B.O. Agaviezor

Characterization of village chicken production systems and challenges across agro-climatic zones in Ethiopia

November 2016

The aims of the study were to characterize the socio-economic features of village chicken producers, types of chicken production systems, flock management practices, family task sharing and production constraints in lowland, midland and highland of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data...

Author(s): Zemelak Goraga, Luizinho Caron, Cassio Wilbert and Gudrun A. Brockmann

Assessment of livestock feed resources and feeding systems in Haramaya district, Eastern Ethiopia

November 2016

The study was conducted in east Hararghe zone of Oromia regional state, eastern Ethiopia to assess the major available livestock feed resources. A total of 150 households with experience in livestock keeping practice for at least two years were selected. All respondents indicated that shortage of feed resources, dominance of unpalatable forages and low nutritive values of usable forages were the major feed problems....

Author(s): Bikila Negasa Gilo and Tigist Sisay Berta

The husbandry practices of dairy cattle, feed resources, and dairy products processing and marketing in Sinana District of Bale Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

November 2016

The study was conducted to assess the husbandry practices of dairy cattle, feed resources, and dairy products processing and marketing systems. Stratified random sampling was applied to select 213 households from urban, peri-urban and rural areas. Structured questionnaire were used to collect primary information. Descriptive statistics was employed to analyze the collected data. The study found that 2.5(0.11) dairy...

Author(s): Sheki Yasar, Tekleab S. Berhan, Ermias T.Tsadik, Girma Defar and Temesgen Dessalegn

Comparative study of Indigenous pig production in Vietnam and Sri Lanka

October 2016

Smallholder pig farming is an important livelihood source in many rural communities of countries in Asia region such as Vietnam and Sri Lanka. The indigenous pig population is diminishing over the years and it requires a better attention for conservation and sustainable utilization. The objectives of this study were to identify the pig farming system characteristics and investigate the effect of these characteristics on...

Author(s): Silva, G. L. L. P., Thuy, L. T., Abeykoon, N. D., Hanh, N. T. H., Bett, R. C., Okeyo, M. and Ibrahim, M. N. M.

Impact of conformation traits on genetic evaluation of length of productive life of holstein cattle

September 2016

Length of productive life is an important economic trait in dairy cattle that has shown to have a genetic component and thus, it is subject to improvement through selection. Lifetime records of 13,659 Holstein cows from 72 herds, calving for the first time between January 2000 and December 2014 and their conformation, milk yield (ME 305 d milk) and pedigree information were used to evaluate the relationship of...

Author(s): García-Ruiz A, Ruiz-López F.J., Vázquez-Peláez C.G. and  Valencia-Posadas M

Characterization of low cost village Poultry production in Rwanda

September 2016

A study was conducted on 262 indigenous poultry farmers in Rwanda to assess the current status of low cost village poultry production. Majority of the respondents were male (59%) mainly (70.2%) located in urban and Per-urban areas. The majority (56.9%) had primary education and kept the dwarf type (53.5%) followed by the long legged type (26.9%). Stocking birds were mainly sourced from Neighbors (50.8%) and markets...

Author(s): Mbuza Francis, , Denis Majyambere, Janvier Mahoro and Xavier Rucamumihigo

Effects of pre-weaning feed supplementation and total versus fenceline weaning on the physiology and performance of beef steers

August 2016

Forty-eight Angus steers (208 ±15 days of age) housed on pasture with their dams, were divided equally based on initial body weight (BW; 312 ± 28 kg), and assigned randomly to assess whether receiving a palatable, high fiber supplement (YS; 4.5 kg/cow-calf/day) versus no supplement (NS) for 7 days prior to weaning alters the steers’ acute stress response following separation from its dam. Steers were...

Author(s): Campistol, C., Kattesh, H. G., Waller, J. C., Rawls, E. L., Arthington, J. D., Carroll, J. A., Pighetti, G. M. and Saxton, A. M.

Study on cattle management and marketing practices in Afar region

August 2016

This study attempted to assess cattle management and marketing practices in Afar region. 178 household heads were selected and interviewed from three major cattle producing districts, Aysaita, Chifra and Amibara. With an overall average cattle holding of 17.4 heads per household, cattle were kept by 95.5% of the herd owners mainly for milk production. Livestock sale, land rent and crop sale were the first, second and...

Author(s): Philimon Teshome, Kidanie Dessalegn, Endeshaw Terefe, Ashebir Kifle, Abebe Tafa, Weldegebrial G. Aregawi, Workinesh Seid and Woldegebriel T. Mariam

Inventory of pig production systems in Rwanda

July 2016

Pig production systems in Rwanda are not well understood to enable effective exploitation of their potential for rural poverty alleviation and human nutrition. A study was therefore conducted to characterize the current status of pig production systems in Rwanda. Questionnaires were administered to 179 semi-intensive and intensive pig farmers randomly selected at sector level. Data were processed in statistical package...

Author(s): Francis Mbuza, Denis Majyambere, Jean De Dieu Ayabagabao and Marie Fausta Dutuze

Effect of replacing soybean meal (Glycine max) with kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) on egg quality parameter of white Leghorn layers

June 2016

An experiment was undertaken in Haramaya University to find out the effect of replacing Soybean meal (SBM) by processed kidney bean (PKB) on egg quality parameters. To carry out the experiment, 180 white leghorn hens of similar initial body weight of 1121.17 g ± 24.92 and 6.5 months of age and 30 cocks were randomly distributed into five treatments using complete randomized design (CRD). Each treatment consisting...

Author(s): Taju Hussein, Mengistu Urge and Getachew Animut

Role of probiotics in rumen fermentation and animal performance: A review

May 2016

Probiotics, live cells with different beneficial characteristics have been extensively studied and explored commercially in many different products in the world. Their benefits to human and animal have been supported in hundreds of scientific papers. Ruminant animals principally depend on microbial degradation of their feed rather than on direct enzyme degradation as in most non-ruminants. Microbial feed additives used...

Author(s): Kassa Shawle Retta

Anti-nutritional and phytochemical profile of some plants grazed upon by ruminants in North Central Nigeria during the dry season (January to April)

April 2016

During the dry season, most plants and grasses dry up and ruminants are left with fewer plants to graze on. The plants available during such periods have relatively lower moisture contents and higher antinutritional factors because of the dry nature of the soil and prevalent atmospheric conditions. Increased levels of antinutritional factors above acceptable values, could have a detrimental effect on the metabolic and...

Author(s): Aliyu Atiku, Olusola Olalekan Oladipo, Gilead Ebiegberi Forcados, Abdullahi Shehu Usman and Michael Danjuma Mancha

Effects of initial handling practices on behavior and average daily gain of fed steers

March 2016

The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between handling methods, cattle behavior during handling, and average daily gain (ADG) of feed yard cattle.  Hereford steers (n = 496; initial body weight [BW] = 304 ± 35.6 kg) of similar genetic background were enrolled in this study after arrival at a commercial feed yard in Southwest Kansas. Two handling conditions prior to the working barn...

Author(s): R. Woiwode, T. Grandin, B. Kirch and J. Paterson

A review on cattle husbandry practices in Ethiopia

February 2016

The aim of this paper was to review cattle husbandry practices (feeding, breeding, watering and health care) and production systems in Ethiopia, identifying constraints limiting the production and quantifying cattle feed resources, specifically. Highland crop-livestock farming system in Ethiopia encompasses nearly 40% of the country’s land area, while lowlands areas cover about 60% of the country’s land...

Author(s): Andualem Tonamo

Haemorrhagic septicaemia outbreaks in cattle with high mortality following wrong vaccinations in Adamawa and Taraba States, Nigeria

January 2016

Two outbreaks of haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) following wrong administration of contagious bovine pleuro pneumonia (CBPP) vaccine (CBPPV) combined with black quarter vaccine (BQV) and administration of CBPPV alone, respectively were investigated in cattle herds in Adamawa and Taraba States of Nigeria. Two of the nomadic Fulani cattlemen independently purchased the CBPP and BQ vaccines in October, 2006 at the Zonal...

Author(s): Garba Ahmed, Mohammed A. Qadeer, Moses O. Odugbo, Christianah I. Odita, Olabisi A. Makanju, Abdulazeez O. Najeem, Lami Galadima, Philips A. Okewole and Mohammed S. Ahmed

Wool production of Romney Marsh Criollo Chiapas sheep breed and their crosses analyzed by random regression

December 2015

Wool produced (kg of fleece/shearing) by 371 sheep from the genetic groups of Romney Marsh (31) Criollo Chiapas sheep (135) and their hybrids (205) was analyzed using repeated measures models and random regression analysis. One thousand one hundred and eight production records collected over a period of 12 years, under extensive production conditions in the region of the Altos de Chiapas, Mexico, were analyzed. The...

Author(s): Vázquez-Peláez C. G., García-Muñiz J. G., López-Villalobos N., Berruecos-Villalobos J. M., Pedraza-Villagómez P. and Fernández-Aguirre E.

Page 3 of 6, showing 50 records out of 264 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150