International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 264

IJLP Articles

Factors influencing success of artificial insemination of pigs using extended fresh semen in rural smallholder pig farms of Rwanda

April 2019

The present study was conducted to analyse the factors influencing the success of artificial insemination (AI) in pigs using extended fresh semen in rural smallholder pig farms. One hundred female pigs from Rulindo and Gicumbi districts in Northern Region of Rwanda were artificially inseminated using locally collected and extended fresh semen. The pregnancy was confirmed by using both no returns to estrus and abdomen...

Author(s): Munyaneza Celestin, Nyiramuhire Valentine, Mubashankwaya Isaac, Munyandamutsa Fabrice, Ndisanze Oscar, Bagaragaza François and Mujyambere Jean Marie Vianey  

Suboptimum reproductive performance among dairy herds in Uganda

April 2019

Suboptimum reproductive performance affects the overall profitability of dairy herds. In order to manage this condition, there is need to clearly understand the different forms in which it presents, as well as its possible risk factors under the Ugandan context. This review study was conducted to highlight the different forms of suboptimum reproductive performances among Ugandan dairy herds through literatures from...

Author(s): Godfrey Bigirwa, James Okwee Acai, Paul Bogere, Seok Ki Im, Hyun Kim, Dae-Jin Kwon, Hak-Kyo Lee, and Ki-Duk Song,  

The prevalence of foot related problems in working donkeys and its implication on the livelihood of donkey owners in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia

March 2019

A cross sectional study was conducted from April 2014 to April 2015 to assess foot related problems in working donkeys and their effects on the owners’ livelihood in Hawassa City. The hoof problems in donkeys included hoof abnormality, apparent lameness or standing lameness. 369 owners owned 1 to 5 donkeys, 161 (43.35%) and 1(0.3%). 14(3.8%), 6(1.6%), 211(57.2%) and 138(37.4%) were illiterate, educated in...

Author(s): Asrat Solomon, Amene Fekadu, Bereket Molla, and Desie Sheferaw  

Growth and carcass characteristics of Afar lambs at two concentrate levels supplementation and slaughter weights fed Tef Straw Basal Diet

March 2019

An experiment arranged in 2×2 factorial was carried out to evaluate the effect of concentrate levels, targeted live weights, and their interaction on live and carcass performance of Afar lambs.  Forty yearling lambs were divided into 5 groups; one group was slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment and the other groups were randomly assigned to four treatments. Significantly (P≤0.05) higher dry matter...

Author(s): Worknesh Seid Adem, Getahun Kebede Yadete and Wude Tsega Beyene  

The effect of using either soybean or groundnut straw as part of basal diet on body weight gain, and carcass characteristics of Gumuz Sheep

March 2019

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of soybean or groundnut straw replacement for hay on live weight change and carcass characteristics of Gumuz sheep at Pawe Agricultural Research Centre. Thirty yearling male intact Gumuz sheep with initial body weight of 18.91 ± 2.6 kg (mean ± SD) were used in the experiment. The study consists of 90 days of feeding trial period after acclimatization of 15...

Author(s): Mezgebu Getnet Alebel, Mengistu Urge Getnet Assefa, Bainesagn Worku and Ayele Abebe  

Urban poultry production systems and constraints of local and exotic chickens reared in Yirgalem and Hawassa Towns, Ethiopia

February 2019

Rearing of chicken plays important roles on both the rural and urban economy of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess urban poultry production system and productive performance of local and exotic chickens reared at Yirgalem and Hawassa towns of Southern Ethiopia. Stepwise purposive sampling method followed by random sampling was used to select the respondents. In total, 180 respondents were selected based on...

Author(s): Yonas Kejela, Sandip Banerjee, Mestawet Taye and Mohammed Beyan  

Effects of sources of dietary protein supplemented to oat-vetch hay mixture on milk yield and milk composition of crossbred dairy cows

February 2019

The experiment was conducted in Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center with the objective of evaluating the effects of sources of dietary protein supplemented to oat-vetch mixture hay on milk yield, milk composition and profitability in lactating crossbred dairy cows. Four high grade cross bred (Holstein Friesian × Boran) dairy cows with similar lactation stage (mid lactation) and parity were used. The...

Author(s): Marishet Teshome, Mengistu Urge, Getnet Assefa and Kassahun Melesse  

Major causes of chicken mortality in and around Hawassa City, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia

February 2019

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to March 2018, to assess major causes of chicken mortality and identifying parasite types in and around Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia. One hundred sixty respondents were selected using multistage sampling technique. Questionnaire and laboratory data were analyzed using STATA version 14. Among the respondents 34% kept their chicken extensively while 52 and 14%...

Author(s): Mishamo Sulayeman, Kabech Gedeno, Gizachew Hailegebreal, Mandefrot Meaza

Effects of snail offal meal on performance of broiler chickens

February 2019

The study investigated the effects of inclusion of various levels of snail offal meal (SOM) on the performance of broiler chickens. The study was carried out in the animal farm of the Department of Animal Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State. The experiment was designed on a 4×3 Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four dietary treatments having 0, 2.5, 5 and 7.5% inclusion of SOM over a...

Author(s): Amobi M. I., Ebenebe C. I., Nwobodo J. C., Ezenwaeya G. U., Okereke N. H. and Okpoko, V. O.  

Toxin and toxin-binders affecting the performance, organs, haematology and histological characteristics of broilers fed with infected diets

February 2019

The potency of four varieties of toxin binders (labeled A, B, C and D) on the physiological status of broiler birds fed with diets infected with aflatoxin was investigated. Six experimental diets were formulated: Diet 1 was infected with aflatoxin without binders, Diets 2 to 5 were infected but binders A, B, C or D were added, while Diet 6 was the control diet without infection. 180 birds were equally and randomly...

Author(s): Rafiu T. A., Babatunde G. M., Ibrahim O. O. K., Akanbi A. O. and Ojelade R. A.  

Productive and reproductive performance of indigenous chickens in Gena Bossa District of Dawro Zone, Ethiopia

January 2019

This study was conducted in Gena Bossa district with the objective of assessing the productive and reproductive performance of indigenous chickens. Multistage stratified purposive and random sampling methods were used and a total of 138 households were interviewed in the study area. Fifteen, fifty four and sixty nine farmers selected for interviews from highland, midland and lowland agro-ecologies, respectively. From...

Author(s): Matawork Milkias, Meseret Molla and Samuel Tilahun  

Prevalence of bovine mastitis, risk factors, isolation and anti-bio gram of major pathogens in Mid Rift valley, Ethiopia

January 2019

Cross-sectional study design was implemented in Alage dairy farm to determine the overall prevalence of mastitis, its causative agents, susceptibility patterns and risk factors associated with it. A total of 111 milking dairy cows and 444 quarters were examined. Overall prevalence of mastitis at cow and quarter levels were 73 and 37%, respectively. Coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) (37.7%) followed by...

Author(s): Melesse Etifu and Minyahil Tilahun  

Determination of body weight from morphometric characteristics of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) reared in southern Benin

January 2019

In animal production, body weight is an important parameter for management, health and marketing decisions. This study is undertaken to determine the relationships between body weight and linear body measurements of guinea pigs. 120 guinea pigs (60 males and 60 females) were used. Body weight (BW), head-body length (HBL), chest circumference (CC), head circumference (HC), neck circumference (NC), left hind foot length...

Author(s): Abossèdé Murielle Lucrèce Faïhun, Alex Gbêliho Zoffoun, Vidjinnangni Fifame Grâce Nadège Dedehou, and Mahulé Sylvie Hounzangbe-Adote  

The effect of physical feed restriction during the starter period on broilers’ performance

January 2019

An experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design to study the effect of physical feed restriction on broilers’ performance during the starter period. Two hundred and forty one-day-old unsexed (Hubbard) broiler chicks were randomly distributed in six treatments; there were five replicates with eight chicks per a replicate. Treatment A:  fed ad libitum (control). Restricted groups were restricted...

Author(s): Somaia Mohamed Alkhair  

Farmers’ perception on sheep production constraints in the communal grazing areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

December 2018

The study was conducted to identify farmers’ perception and ranking of the most important constraints to sheep production at Sinqumeni administrative area, in Ngcobo local municipality of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Data was collected using semi-structured questionnaire. The results showed that 72.6% of the surveyed farmers were males and 62.5% of the farmers were between the ages of 52-80 years. The...

Author(s): S. Mthi and N. Nyangiwe  

Effect of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) grain on growth performance of Cobb 500 broiler chickens

December 2018

A total of 300 day old Cobb and 500 broiler chicks distributed randomly to 20 pens with 15 chicks each were allocated to 5 different dietary treatments with 4 replicates per treatment in order to evaluate the growth performances of Cobb 500 broiler chickens. A complete randomized design (CRD) was used. Cowpea inclusion levels were 0% (T1), 5% (T2), 10% (T3), 15% (T4) and 20% (T5). A partial budget analysis was done for...

Author(s): Tsigab Nirayo Embaye, Negassi Ameha and Yisehak Yusuf  

A critical audit on available beef and chicken edible offals and their prices in retail chain stores around Gaborone, Botswana

December 2018

The study aims to determine the available beef and chicken edible offals and their prices in four major retail stores in Gaborone, Botswana. Traditionally, edible beef and chicken offal were available and sold in rural meat and informal markets around Gaborone, but recently upmarket retail stores of Gaborone sell these products. The study was done over a period of twelve months. Amongst the offals noted in the retail...

Author(s): Molebeledi Horatius Dambe Mareko, Molefe Gosetsemang, Thabang Molale  

Beef edible red offal condemnations in Kgatleng Slaughter Facilities, South eastern Botswana in a wet and dry season period

November 2018

The study aimed to determine pathological conditions across two seasons, leading to condemnations of beef edible red offals in Kgatleng District, Botswana. Offals are valued in communities of Botswana. Data from slaughter facilities was evaluated for dry/winter and wet/summer seasons. Financial losses were also determined. 7405 cattle were processed in the two seasons, with 4005 cattle slaughtered in the dry season and...

Author(s): Molebeledi Horatius Dambe Mareko, Elly Masitha and Baetsi Lesly Raditshane  

Aflatoxigenic fungi in Nigerian poultry feeds: Effects on broiler performance

November 2018

Aflatoxigenic fungi common to poultry feeds from Nigerian feed mills were investigated and their effects on broiler production were determined. Sixty two weeks old Abor-acre broilers were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups. Each treatment group had 3 replicates of 4 birds each. Birds in each treatment group were fed feed from one of five companies. Feed intake and body weights were determined. Blood samples were...

Author(s): Tochukwu E. Ejioffor, Anthony C. Mgbeahuruike, Emanuela I. Nwoko, Obianuju N. Okoroafor, Chinwe J. Aronu, Nwaigwe O. Chukwuemeka, Adiong A. Felix, Adong F. Atawal and Onwumere O. S. Idolor  

Assessment on consumption and marketing system of chickens in Gena Bossa district, south Ethiopia

November 2018

This study was conducted in Gena Bossa district on assessment of consumption and marketing of chickens with the objectives of assessing chicken meat and egg consumption and marketing system of chickens. Random sampling method was used to select 138 households for interview. About 55.1% of chickens were owned by wife and the rest of flocks were owned by husband, boys and girls. Almost all of the farm activities were...

Author(s): Matawork Milkias  

Assessment of factors affecting adoption of exotic chicken breed production in North Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

November 2018

Exotic chicken breeds were promoted and disseminated in the rural and peri-urban parts of Ethiopia, to improve the productivity of the poultry to increase the income of farmers. The study was conducted to explore the factors affecting adoption of exotic chicken breed in Tselemti and Tahtay Koraro districts of North Western zone of Tigray region, Ethiopia. A multi-stage random sampling technique was followed to select...

Author(s): Teklemariam Abadi, Muluken Gezahegn and Abadi Teklehaimanot  

Influence of dietary wood charcoal on growth performance, nutrient efficiency and excreta quality of male broiler chickens

October 2018

Dietary wood charcoal can be a potential low-cost feed supplement for the improvement of performance in broiler chicken production, while reducing loss of nutrients through birds’ excreta. However, it has no nutritive value and excess feeding may lead to constipation and thereby hamper birds’ production performance. An experiment was conducted with a total of 24  male broiler chickens which were...

Author(s): Louis Amprako, Mohammed Alhassan, Andreas Buerkert and Regina Roessler  

Local sheep and goat reproductive performance managed under farmer condition in Southern Ethiopia

October 2018

Sheep and goats represent an important component of the farming system by providing about 12% of the value of livestock products consumed and 48% of the cash income generated at the farm level. Although diverse sheep and goats resources are found in Ethiopia, their productivity is low; the sector has not received a great deal of attention from scientists, administrators and legislators. Strategic recording and...

Author(s): Taju Hussein  

Assesment of quality and marketing of hide and skin in Adamitulu Jidokombolcha and Bora Woreda in East Shewa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

October 2018

Hide and Skins are important economic products contributing to the largest share of the total and agricultural export commodities followed by live animals in Ethiopia. The current study was conducted with the objective of assessing the major causes of hide and skin defect, quality, and marketing of the raw materials in Adami-Tulu and Bora district. A total of 768 (382 sheep and 220 goat skins and 76 cattle hides) sample...

Author(s): B. Alemnesh, T. Getachew and J. Tariku  

Current Status of animal biotechnology and option for improvement of animal reproduction in Asia

October 2018

The aim of this review paper was to investigate the use of biotechnology in the improvement of animal reproduction in different Asian Countries. Biotechnologies have contributed immensely to increasing livestock reproductively, particularly in developed countries, and can help to alleviate poverty and hunger, reduce the threats of diseases and ensure environmental sustainability in developing countries. A wide range of...

Author(s): Yadeta Nigatu  

Productive and reproductive performance of indigenous chickens in Ethiopia

October 2018

This study reviews the productive and reproductive performance of indigenous chickens in Ethiopia with the aim of delivering summarized and synthesized information for the beneficiaries and producers. Chicken production encompasses into traditional scavenging, small and large-scale market orientated systems based on the objective of the producer, the type of inputs used and the number and types of chickens kept. In...

Author(s): Milkias Matawork  

Poultry manure as a protein supplement in indigenous goat production in Zimbabwe

September 2018

The abundance of poultry litter in most farms in the sub-Saharan Africa is becoming an environmental problem. The objective of this study is to evaluate the proximate value, in-vitro digestibility of dried poultry manure (DPM) and its subsequent effect on growth, pH, and volatile fatty acid production of indigenous goats in Zimbabwe. Eighteen goats were randomly allocated to two treatment diets: grazing veld grass plus...

Author(s): Washaya S., Tavirimirwa B., Namilonga R., Tembure N. and Kaphuma A.  

Livestock production system characterization in Arsi Zone, Ethiopia

September 2018

Despite its vital role in the country’s economic activities, livestock sector was considered as poor investment for development in Ethiopia. But currently, it is being given due attention in government policy planning, especially in the last two growth and transformation plans. Arsi zone is known for its own cattle breed known as “Arsi breed” (one of the six local breeds of the country) and has huge...

Author(s): Tamrat Gebiso  

Production performance evaluation of koekoek chicken under farmer management practice in Tigray region, northern Ethiopia

September 2018

The objective of the study was to introduce and evaluate production performance of Koekoek chicken under smallholder farmers’ management practice and enhance their household income. This on farm experiment was conducted in eastern and south eastern zone of Tigray region. About 53 food insecure smallholder farmers were selected in collaboration with the experts and village administrators. Eighty seven percent of...

Author(s): Shumuye Belay, Mehari Resom, Haftom Yemane and Haileslassie Amare  

Phenotypic characterization of the West Africa dwarf goats and the production system in Liberia

September 2018

Data on characterization of animal genetic resources are valuable in the development of breeding and conservation schemes to ensure their sustainable use. A survey was conducted to collect baseline data on the phenotypic characteristics, production system, traits of economic importance and challenges faced by goat farmers in Liberia. The survey was carried out in the 15 counties of Liberia and covered 1314 animals in...

Author(s): Arthur Bob Karnuah, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T. Wiles and Paul Boettcher  

Ethiopian native chicken productivity, aims of production and breeding practices across agro-climatic zones

August 2018

This study was conducted to characterize flock size, composition, productivity, motivational drivers, and breed selection criteria in village chicken production systems of lowlands, midlands, and highlands of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland, and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview...

Author(s): Zemelak Goraga, Cassio Wilbert and Luizinho Caron

Small ruminant production and constraints in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

August 2018

The study was conducted in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia with aim of assessing the production and challenges of small ruminant animals. Data was collected via questionnaire, interview and group discussion. For the study, 4 Kebeles were taken randomly and from each kebele, 20 households were selected purposively based on the experience and involvement of small ruminant production. The result indicated that...

Author(s): Shigute Etalema and Anja Abera

Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimensions for Apis mellifera Scutellata honeybee race in western Ethiopia

August 2018

A study was conducted at Assosa and Mao-komo districts of Benishangul-gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, aiming to determine the bee spacing and cell dimensions of honeybee race Apis mellifera scutellata. The measurement of bee spacing and cell dimensions were taken from 20 traditional hives at each agro-ecology. Assosa and Mao-komo districts were purposively selected to represent mid-altitude and highland...

Author(s): Mulisa Faji, Alemayehu Abebe, Diribi Mijena, Fekadu Begna and Alayu Tarekegn

Potential risk factors associated with carcass contamination in slaughterhouse operations and hygiene in Oyo state, Nigeria

August 2018

Avoiding meat contamination at slaughterhouses is crucial for food safety; consumers’ awareness and concern for the type of food they eat has attracted global attention and redirected research interests towards food safety. The practical hygiene in the slaughterhouse operations play key role in the safety and wholesomeness of meat. A cross sectional survey was carried out on 60 slaughterhouses in Ibadan, Oyo and...

Author(s): Fasanmi O. G., Makinde G. E. O., Popoola M. A., Fasina O. F., Matere J., Kehinde O. O, Balogun F. A. and Ogundare S. T.

Comparative analysis of climate change impact on livestock in relation to biomass base feed availability using standardized precipitation index in south-western Ethiopia

July 2018

The standardized precipitation index and normalized difference vegetation index on event incidences (at different time scale) and biomass feed dry matter production, were used to assess climate change influences on feed availability. A significant decline (p<0.05) in feed dry matter availability indices across years was observed. The deviation from normality shows that the biomass feed production could vary...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere, Habtemariam Kassa and Tamado Tana  

Phenotypic characterization of pigs and their production system in Liberia

July 2018

Native pig farming is an important component of rural farming systems in Liberia but the population has recently stagnated, due to the absence of a comprehensive improvement and conservation program. A survey was conducted to measure the phenotypic morphometric parameters and production system of native and exotic pigs of Liberia. The survey was carried out in 15 Counties of Liberia and covered 545 animals from 264...

Author(s): Arthur Bob Karnuah, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T. Wiles and Paul Boettcher

Livestock-feed balance in small and fragmented land holdings: The case of Wolayta zone, Southern Ethiopia

July 2018

Ethiopia owns immense but largely untapped livestock resources scattered over diverse agro-ecologies. Feed scarcity is one of the major technical constraints in livestock production and thus challenges the economic contribution of the livestock sub-sector. For optimum and sustainable livestock productivity, the available feed resource should match with the animal population in a given area. This study was aimed at...

Author(s): Tibebu Kochare, Berhan Tamir and Yisehak Kechero

Effects of L-Arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens

July 2018

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of L-arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens. The study comprised 297 mixed sex Sasso chickens of twelve-weeks old raised in floor pens, the birds were randomly distributed into three treatments and three replicates with thirty-three birds per replicate. The design of the experiment is the completely randomized design...

Author(s): Alabi, O.O., Shoyombo, A.J., Animashahun, R.A., Olawoye, S.O., Abdulazeez, J.O., Faduhunsi, O.O and Oladehinbo, D. O.

Indigenous breeding practices and selection criteria of sheep breed in central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

June 2018

This study was conducted with the aim to generate organized information on traditional breeding practices and selection criteria for indigenous sheep types in three districts of central zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia. A total of 180 households were randomly sampled for the interview. A semi-structured questionnaire and group discussion were further used to gather information on sheep breeding practices and selection...

Author(s): H. Hagos, A. K. Banerjee and Y. Y. Mummed

Supplementary value of two Lablab purpureus cultivars and concentrate mixture to natural grass hay basal diet based on feed intake, digestibility, growth performance and net return of Horro sheep

June 2018

This study was undertaken with the aim to determine the supplementary value of Beresa-55 and Gebisa-17 cultivars and concentrate mixture to a basal diet of natural pasture hay based on growth performance, feed utilization, digestibility and net return of Horro sheep. A total of twenty five yearlings Horro sheep were stratified into five groups based on initial body weight in randomized complete block design and animals...

Author(s): Abuye Tulu, Yadav Ram Khushi, Diriba Geleti Challi

Evaluation of the reproductive performance of Holstein Friesian dairy cows in Alage ATVET college, Ethiopia

June 2018

The objective of this study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of pure Holstein Friesian dairy cows exploring 28 years records (1987 to 2015) in Alage Agricultural Technical and Vocational Education Training (ATVET) College dairy farm. General linear model procedures of SAS version 9.2 was employed to determine the effects of period of birth, season of birth, period of calving, season of calving and parity on...

Author(s): Destaw Worku Mengistu and Kefyalew Alemayehu Wondimagegn

Feed resources assessment, laboratory evaluation of chemical composition of feeds and livestock feed balance in enset (Ensete ventricosum)-based mixed production systems of Gurage zone, southern Ethiopia

June 2018

The study was conducted in four districts of Gurage zone, Sothern Nations Nationalities and People’s Region to determine the quantity and quality of available feed resources and to measure the livestock feed balance. A total of 360 households from dega (highland) and weinadega (midaltitude) peasant associations were selected using proportional sample size determination (Cochran, 1909; Thrustfield, 2013). The DM...

Author(s): Dirsha Demam Wonchesa , Ashenafi Mengistu Wossen and Gebeyehu Goshu Negia

Relationships between sperm morphology and semen cation concentrations in red sokoto goats (Capra aegagrus hircus)

June 2018

The study evaluated the relationships between sperm morphology and semen cation concentrations in Red Sokoto bucks. A total of 31 Red Sokoto bucks were used for the study. Semen samples were collected from each animal on weekly basis for 52 weeks using an electro-ejaculator. Sperm morphological traits: detached mid-piece and tail (DMT), detached head (DH), mid-piece droplet (MPD), coiled and bent tail (CBT), and...

Author(s): Ambali A. L., Anoh K. U., and Suleiman I. O.

Success drivers of pig artificial insemination based on imported fresh semen

June 2018

This study was conducted to assess the factors that affect pig litter size, proportion of live pigs at birth, number of inseminations per conception, and efficiency of artificial insemination. The main factors assessed were sow breed (n = 2), sire breed (n = 3), sow parity (n = 7) and insemination method (n = 2). The sow breeds used were Landrace, LL (n = 27) and Landrace × Pietran crossbreds, LP (n = 37); boar...

Author(s): Vincent Niyiragira, Kugonza Donald Rugira, and Hirwa Claire D’Andre

Feeding value potential of mulberry (Morus alba) leaf meal to replace concentrate mix

May 2018

The experiment was carried out to estimate the feeding value of mulberry (Morus alba) leaf meal by evaluating its chemical composition in vitro organic matter digestibility and in sacco dry matter (DM) degradability. This study aimed to assess the potential of mulberry foliage in supplementing the feed of ruminant animals during the dry season, when other feed resources are scarce and their quality generally fall short...

Author(s): Gebrekidan Tesfay, Berhan Tamir and Gebreyohannse Berhane  

Productive and reproductive performance of local dairy cows in selected districts of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia

May 2018

The aim of the study was to assess the productive and reproductive performance of local dairy cows and constraints and opportunities of dairy production in selected districts of Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Multistage sampling technique were employed in three districts selected representing highland (Wenisho), midland (Dale) and lowland (Loka Abaya) from Sidama Zone. One hundred and thirty five households who owned...

Author(s): Abera Yetera, Mengistu Urge and Ajebu Nurfeta  

Digestibility and growth performance of Dorper×Afar F1 sheep fed Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay supplemented with alfalfa (Medicago sativa), Lablab (Lablab purpures), Leucaena leucocephala and concentrate mixture

April 2018

A study was conducted to determine effect of supplementation with isonitrogenous level of concentrate mixture (CM; 33% noug seed cake (NSC) and 67% wheat bran (WB)), alfalfa, lablab, and Leucaena leucocephala (LL) on feed intake, digestibility, daily body weight gain (ADG) and net return of sheep kept on Rhodes grass hay (RGH) basal diet. Twenty four yearling male Dorper×Afar F1 crossbred sheep were used in...

Author(s): Worknesh Seid and Getachew Animut

Review on milk and milk product safety, quality assurance and control

April 2018

Food safety and quality are critical issues that should be given more attention all over the world mainly from nutritional quality and human health point of view. Food safety is a scientific field of study which deals with handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent food borne illness. Food safety system is often categorized into two, namely traditional and science-based systems. Food can be used as...

Author(s): Merwan Ahmedsham, Nezif Amza and Metekia Tamiru

Characterization of productive and reproductive performances, morphometric and challenges and opportunities of indigenous cattle breeds of Ethiopia: A review

March 2018

The aim was to review and summarize the fragmented characterization information of indigenous cattle breeds of Ethiopia in productive and reproductive performances, morphometric traits and their production challenges and opportunities. Cattle play vital role in ensuring food security of Ethiopia. They contributed milk which accounted above 80% of the total national annual milk production. Although Ethiopia has large...

Author(s): Teweldemedhn Mekonnen Weldegerima

Management and Breeding Objectives of Maefur goat breed type in Erob district eastern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

March 2018

A cross sectional survey was conducted to characterize production system and to identify breeding objectives of Maefur goat population in the eastern zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for the personal interview with purposively selected 150 households. The data collected through personal household interview were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Indices were used to provide the...

Author(s): Weldeyesus Gebreyowhens, and Rohotash Kumar

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