International Journal of
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Plant Physiol. Biochem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2162
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPPB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 113

IJPPB Articles

Agro-physiological response of millet (Pennisetum glaucum (l.) r. br.) to water deficit when augmented with organic fertilization

October 2023

The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of water deficit on millet growth and yield parameters under fertilization conditions using laying hen droppings. To achieve this, a split-plot experiment with three replications was carried out, studying two main factors: Water regime (H0: normal watering, H1: 10-day suspension of watering at the vegetative stage, H2: 10-day suspension of watering at 50% flowering...

Author(s): Aboubacar Sory, Rasmata Nana, Abdoulazize Banhoro and Wendpang-Yidé Idrissa Caleb Ouedraogo

Salt resistance strategies of amaranth salt-resistant mutant lines

January 2023

Improving plant salt tolerance is thus a veritable challenge for breeders as salt stress is one of the most important factors that negatively affect plant growth and productivity worldwide. In this study, we evaluated the physiological strategies involved in the salt resistance of three salt resistant mutant lines. Three weeks old plants of the three mutant lines and that of the control cultivar Locale were submitted in...

Author(s): Atou Richard, Tonouewa Gauthier, Agapit Wouyou, Kpochemè Adjaho Olatondji Eustache Kévin, Missihoun Antoine Abel, Ahoton Leonard, Agbangla Clément, Lutts Stanley and Gandonou Christophe Bernard

Response of tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) salt stressed plants to external application of calcium and potassium

October 2022

This study focused on the improving effect of external application of calcium and potassium on growth, ions and organic solutes accumulation in tossa jute plants grown under salt stress. Young plants were subjected in pots to ten treatments including the control without NaCl, 120 mM NaCl and a combination of 120 mM NaCl and an addition of 40 or 60 mM CaSO4, CaCl2, K2SO4 or KNO3. Plant growth, sodium, potassium, proline...

Author(s): Belvida Loko, Eunice Emma Yiséyon Henry, Hermann Prodjinoto, Mahougnon Baudouin Geoffroy Gouveitcha and Christophe Bernard Gandonou

Impact of drought on the foliar physiology of maize plants irradiated with gamma radiation

August 2021

Maize (Zea mays), is a plant of economic and nutritional interest, which is often confronted with unfavorable environmental conditions, including water stress. This phenomenon forces the plants to considerably reduce their production by disturbing their metabolism. Seeds of maize of the variety EV8728 were subjected to different doses of gamma radiation (100, 200 and 300 grays) in order to induce mutations in plants...

Author(s): Ayolie Koutoua, Kouame N’guessan, Soro Dogniméton, Ouattara Soumaïla, Kouadio Akéssé Blaise, Kanga Ahou Nadia and Kouadio Yatty Justin

Salinity resistance strategy of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) cultivars produced in Benin Republic

April 2021

Salinity negatively influences the physiology and productivity of plants which develop different strategies to resist to this stress. This study aims to evaluate the implication of sodium (Na), potassium (K), proline and soluble sugars accumulation in salt resistance of okra local cultivars after two weeks exposure to 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 mM NaCl concentrations. Results revealed that the aerial part growth reduction...

Author(s): Mahougnon Baudouin Geoffroy Gouveitcha, Julien Koffi Kpinkoun, Armel Clément Goudjo Mensah and Christophe Bernard Gandonou

The costunolide biosynthesis enzymes of Artemisia glabella Kar. et Kir.: Determination of the nucleotide sequences of the mRNA

April 2021

Artemisia glabella Kar. et Kir. is a source of sesquiterpene lactone arglabin, which has antitumor, radiosensitizing and immunomodulatory activity. Studying the biosynthesis of arglabin and its derivatives will allow us to develop the biotechnological basis for its production, thereby increasing its availability. The precursor to most sesquiterpene lactones is costunolide. The purpose of these studies was to detect and...

Author(s): Adekenova Gulimzhan S., Shaikenova Zh. S., Chervyakova ?. V., Zakarya K. D. and ?dekenov S. ?.

Vegetative propagation of Echinops giganteus using stem and root cuttings

April 2021

Echinops giganteus (Asteraceae) is a shrub native to Cameroon. As part of a recovery effort focused on Echinops giganteus, a vegetative propagation technique was developed. Plants were vegetatively propagated in and out of a non-midst propagator, juvenile stem and root cuttings from the nursery and plant growth regulator hormones of concentrations: 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 10 g/L. The effect of the cutting positions...

Author(s): Christiana Ngyete Nyikob Mbogue, Anjah Mendi Grace and Nkemnkeng Francoline Jong

Impact of pesticides on the growth of Coriandrum sativum

January 2020

Pest management is a severe constraint in agriculture as pests decrease the plant yield, productivity and also act as vectors causing various plant diseases. Pesticides are used to devour pests; however, irrational usage results in adverse impacts on the ecosystem. The present investigation was aimed to study the effects of fenvalerate, cypermethrin and chlorpyriphos on the growth of Coriandrum sativum for 35 days until...

Author(s): Aniket Naha, Dipen Chandra Nath and Soumitra Nath  

Comparative qualitative phytochemical analysis of oil, juice and dry forms of garlic (Allium sativum) and different varieties of onions (Allium cepa) consumed in Makurdi metropolis

January 2020

The qualitative phytochemical analysis of oil, juice and dry forms of garlic and three species of onions (red, brown and white onions) was investigated. Samples of fresh and dried garlic, red, brown and white onions were prepared and analyzed. All the samples were analyzed for the presence of phytochemicals which include saponins, flavonoids, phenols, tannins, triterpenoids, cardiac glycosides, steroids and alkaloids....

Author(s): Esienanwan Esien Efiong, Luavese Priscillia Akumba, Ezinne Callista Chukwu, Adepoju Isaiah Olusesan and Godwin Obochi  

Haulm application and dipping treatments of gibberellic acid on tuber dormancy breaking and sprout induction of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Central Highlands of Ethiopia

January 2020

Potato, an important food and nutrition security can be produced two or more times in a year in Ethiopia. It plays an important role in human diet and a source of income for smallholder farmers. However, its productivity is low owing to limited availability of planting materials and poor tuber sprouting of improved varieties. Lack of quality seed is a major problem affecting expansion of potato production.  The...

Author(s): Abebe Chindi and Tekalign Tsegaw

Phosphates solubilizing bacteria like promoter’s agent of cocoa-tree growth and biocontrol of Phytophthora megakarya Brasier and M.J. Griffin, agent of black pod disease

July 2019

Black pod is an important fungal disease of Theobroma cacao L. which causes significant yield losses in the field and consequently, inhibits the growth and development of the plant. For this purpose, the objective of this work was to evaluate the impact of phosphates solubilizing bacteria on growth of cocoa-tree and the biocontrol of Phytophthora megakarya, which is the most aggressive agent of black pod disease. Five...

Author(s): Maryam Sani, Simo Claude, Adamou Souleymanou, Mafokoua Hélène Laure, Tchuisseu Tchakounte Gylaine Vanissa, Tchouomo Dondjou Donald, Fankem Henri and Nwaga Dieudonné.

Effect of salt stress on flowering, fructification and fruit nutrients concentration in a local cultivar of chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.)

June 2019

Salt stress is one of the major environmental constraints limiting agricultural productivity and influencing the concentration of bioactive compounds of vegetables. In this study, we assessed the effect of NaCl salt stress on flowering, fructification and fruit nutritional quality of a local cultivar of chili pepper. The experiment was carried out in a screen house as a completely randomized design (CRD) with three...

Author(s): Julien Koffi Kpinkoun, Abdou Madjid Amoussa, Armel Clément Goudjo Mensah, Françoise Assogba Komlan, Eliane Kinsou, Latifou Lagnika and Christophe Bernard Gandonou  

Cytokinin levels and expression profiles of cytokinin metabolic genes in late stage maize kernels

October 2018

Cytokinins (CK) are key determinants of seed size and their level can impact crop yield. The biological activities and chemistry of cytokinins are well defined but less is known about their molecular mode of action during maize kernel development, especially in late stage kernels. To understand the regulation of cytokinin levels at late stage kernel development, we examined the levels of active and inactive cytokinins...

Author(s): Hong Li, Stephen M. G. Duff, Mohamed Bedair, Mary Fernandes and Chuck R. Dietrich

Effects of salinity stress on growth in relation to gas exchanges parameters and water status in amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus)

August 2018

Salinity is a major detrimental abiotic factor for plant growth. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of different NaCl concentrations on growth and some physiological parameters related to gas exchanges and water relations in amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) plants. Three weeks old amaranth plants from the cultivar ‘Locale’ were exposed in nutrient solution to 0, 30 or 90 mM NaCl...

Author(s): Christophe Bernard Gandonou, Hermann Prodjinoto, Séraphin Ahissou Zanklan, Agapit Dossou Wouyou, Stanley Lutts, David Hambada Montcho, Françoise Assogba Komlan and Armel Clément Goudjo Mensah  

Estimation of auxins and cytokinins requirements in sugarcane soma clones for effective in vitro regeneration procedure

March 2018

Three sugarcane varieties were used in this experiment to optimize specific plant hormones. The present work was conducted in 2014 at Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA), Tando jam. The experiment was designated with three sugarcane varieties (NIA-2012, NIA-105 and GULABI-95) obtained from Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA) Tando jam. Regeneration of plantlets was compared under different concentration of auxins...

Author(s): Sardar Khatoon Solangi, Sadaf Tabasum Qureshi, Mukhtiar Khatoon Solangi, Nusrat Solangi, Altaf Hussain Solangi and Mehnaz Qamar  

Allelopathic effects of alkaloid fraction of Crotalaria retusa Linn on growth and some biochemical parameters of bean seedlings (Phaseolus vulgaris

February 2018

The study investigated the potentials of alkaloidal fraction of leaf and stem of Crotalaria retusa with a view to understanding its mechanism of allelopathy in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) seedlings. The study involved collection of C. retusa (leaves and stems), identification, dried, pulverized and extracted with methanol to yield methanolic extract (MECR). Crude alkaloid fraction was prepared from MECR by a procedure...

Author(s): Ogunsusi M., Akinlalu A. O., Komolafe I. J. and Oyedapo O. O.

Effect of jasmonic acid on some biochemical and physiological parameters in salt-stressed Brassica napus seedlings

August 2017

The present study demonstrated the effect of jasmonic acid (JA) on pigments and vitamins involved in photosynthesis or other metabolic activities during salt stress in Brassica napus L. Exposure to different concentrations of NaCl decreased pigments such as total chlorophyll, β-carotene, and lycopene to significant low levels but interestingly salinity increased total protein of B. napus L. seedlings, which was...

Author(s): Harpreet Kaur, Geetika Sirhindi and Poonam Sharma

Identification of Pisum sativum L. cytokinin and auxin metabolic and signaling genes, and an analysis of their role in symbiotic nodule development

June 2017

The present work was designed to study the role of the phytohormones, cytokinin and auxin, in the symbiosis development between pea Pisum sativum L. and Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae. To achieve this aim, the temporal expression patterns of the genes related to the cytokinin and auxin biosynthesis, perception, and response were studied. It was found that most of these genes showed specific transcriptional...

Author(s): Dolgikh, E. A., Shaposhnikov, A. I., Dolgikh, A. V., Gribchenko, E. S., Bodyagina, K. B., Yuzhikhin, O. S. and Tikhonovich, I. A.

Breeding of parental and tolerant hybrids of Theobroma cacao L. to Phytophthora megakarya Bras. and Griff.

May 2017

The development of resistant varieties can be done according to a genetic approach. Estimation of genetic parameters for the quantitative traits of cocoa genotypes (Theobroma cacao L.) was made from a 5 × 5 diallel mating design. The objective of this study was to identify tolerant genotypes to black pod disease (BPD) through genetic analyzes. The inoculation of the leaves of parental cocoa genotypes and their...

Author(s): Martine Louise Ondobo, Pierre Onomo Effa, Jude Ndjaga Manga, Jules Christian Kouam Djoko, and Pierre François Djocgoue,

Biochemical and physiological constituents and their correlation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under high temperature at different development stages

April 2017

Wheat is the most popular and staple food for millions of people. It is severely affected by heat stress in many countries. Vegetative growth and reproductive phases in wheat differ in their sensitivity to temperature. Heat tolerant (GW-190) and Heat susceptible (J-2010-11) genotypes grown up to tillering and grain filling stages and Heat treatments (40°C and 45°C for 2h and 4h) were given using Heating House....

Author(s): H. R. Ramani, M. K. Mandavia, R. A. Dave, R. P. Bambharolia, H. Silungwe and N. H. Garaniya

Influence of the position of flowers buds on the tree on somatic embryogenesis of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.)

August 2016

The recalcitrance of Theobroma cacao L. to somatic embryogenesis, due to non-adapted physiological and metabolical responses to environmental stress, limits its propagation. The present work aims to ameliorate somatic embryogenesis in T. cacao throughout a physiological approach. For this purpose, the influence of the position of flowers buds used as explants was evaluated. Flowers buds were collected from different...

Author(s): Rodrigue Pouengue Boutchouang, Olive Flore Zebaze Akitio, Audrey Germaine Ngouambe Tchouatcheu, and Nicolas Niemenak

Evaluating postharvest characteristics of Apantu (Local False Horn) plantain for harvest indices determination

July 2016

Plantain (Musa sp., genome AAB) is a major locally grown starchy staple food highly consumed by Ghanaians with a per capita consumption of 84.4 kg. However, the maturity index of the fruit has been dependent on various characteristics including angularity, fruit tip drying, etc. A physiological study was conducted on the fruit characteristics of Apantu at harvest to determine the appropriate maturity index to be used by...

Author(s): Dzomeku B. M., Sarkordie-Addo J., Darkey S. K. Bam R.K and Wuensche J

Effect of production sites and seed age on seed quality parameters of malt barley (Hordium vulgare L.) varieties

December 2015

Quality malt barley production, processing and marketing had paid a greater degree of attention among farmers, traders, malting and brewing factories in Ethiopia. there is no quantified research information available on effect of production sites, seed ageing and potential varietal differences in meet up basic seed and grain quality standards for malt. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of production...

Author(s): Tefera Regasa, Firew Mekbib and Firdissa Eticha

Alteration in photosynthetic pigments, osmolytes and antioxidants in imparting copper stress tolerance by exogenous jasmonic acid treatment in Cajanus cajan

May 2015

Jasmonic acid regulates various abiotic stress responses but its role in regulation of copper (Cu) homeostasis has been poorly studied. This present study was conducted to explore the potential of jasmonic acid (JA) to enhance copper (Cu) tolerance in Cajanus cajan seedlings in terms of photosynthetic pigments, osmolytes and antioxidants. Seeds treated with different concentration (0, 1 µM, 1 nM and 1 pM) of JA...

Author(s): Geetika Sirhindi, Poonam Sharma, Anil Singh, Harpreet Kaur and Mudaser Mir

The physiological and chemical response of stone fruit rootstocks (Prunus L.) to sulphur application under two different soil textures

April 2015

A pot experiment was conducted during 2014 seasons at the field of Seed and Plant Institute, Karaj, Iran, to study the effect of sulphur application (with and without thiobacillus) on the physiological and chemical response of stone fruit rootstocks (Prunus L.) including "Myrobalan","GF 677", "Penta" and peach seedling rootstock (native) grown on two selected calcareous and alkaline (with...

Author(s): M. Mirabdulbaghi

Effect of cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) on cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) root storage components, starch quantities and starch quality properties

April 2015

Effect of cassava brown streak disease on cassava root storage components were studied on four Ugandan varieties with varying levels of tolerance. Significant differences (P<0.05) were observed with reductions of 30% in amylose content and 50% in amylopectin content of diseased compared to healthy plots. Average dry matter content of diseased plots was 25% higher as much as starch yield and starch content reduced by...

Author(s): Nuwamanya Ephraim, Baguma Yona, Atwijukire Evans, Acheng Sharon and Alicai Titus

Effect of different seed priming treatments and priming duration on biochemical parameters and agronomic characters of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.)

March 2015

Maintaining optimum plant population is an important factor in maximizing crop production and productivity. Establishment of okra in the field could be improved by applying suitable priming treatment to seeds. The present investigation was undertaken to find out the effect of seed priming treatments and soaking durations on biochemical parameters and agronomic characters of okra seeds. Okra seeds primed with three...

Author(s): Hardeep Kaur, Neena Chawla and Mamta Pathak  

Bio-physiological response of biofilter algal candidate Ulva sp. to different nitrogen forms and fluxes

December 2014

The present study was carried out to study the long term effect of different nitrogen forms and concentrations (14.3, 28.6 and 57.1 µM N-NH4 and 214, 2360 and 3700 µM N-NO3) on the photosynthesis and relative growth rate (RGR) of Ulva sp. for five weeks. Nutrient-enriched seawater was supplied at an exchange rate of between 12.6 and 14.4 volumes per day. Relative growth rate was determined weekly....

Author(s): Yasser T. A. Moustafa, G. Bougaran, M. Callier and J. P. Blancheton,

The determination of vitamin C, total phenol and antioxidant activity of some commonly cooking spices crops used in West Bengal

July 2014

In the present study, vitamin C, total phenols and antioxidant activity of some common cooking spices crops used in West Bengal were analyzed. Ten (10) spices (onion, chilli, garlic, ginger, turmeric, mustard seed, cumin seed, clove, cardamom and cassia leaf) were selected in order to determine the concentration of ascorbic acid (AA), total phenol (TP) and antioxidant activity as DPPH radical scavenging activity...

Author(s): Manas Denre

Comparative changes in metabolism of Vigna radiata by foliar and root application of brassinolide at different concentrations

June 2014

The present study shows the effect of the foliar and root application of brassinolide on growth and metabolism of Vigna radiata. For this purpose, three concentrations of brassinolide (1, 0.01 and 0.0001 ppm) were applied on the plant. Brassinolide (BL) solutions were applied as foliar and root treatments for 21 days after sowing (DAS). Samples were collected after two and four weeks of treatments. Content of total...

Author(s): Sana Riaz, Neelofer Hamid and Afshan Rahman

The physiological and behavioural responses of argan seedlings (Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels) to water stress in the semi-arid Western Algeria

June 2014

This paper presents the behavior, morpho-physiological and biochemical responses of argan seedlings to three water regimes at 30, 60 and 100% of field capacity. Based on the results of the growth parameters, we use the best result obtained from height growth. The increase in the number of leaves and thorns is obtained in seedlings subjected to water stress levels of about 60 and 100% against the application of a severe...

Author(s): Benaouf Zohra, Miloudi Ali and Belkhodja Moulay

Antioxidant defence mechanisms in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under copper and arsenic toxicity

May 2014

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the oldest pulse crops cultivated from ancient time both in Asia and Europe. India is the largest producer of chickpea in the world, sharing 65 and 70% of production and total global area, respectively. The inhibition of plant growth and crop productivity by excess heavy metals is a global agricultural problem. Therefore, a pot experiment was conducted at wire house of the...

Author(s): Shashi Kumar, Surender Kumar, Pravin Prakash and Mahendra Singh

Interactive effects of virus and Rhizobium inocula on nodulation, growth and yield of cowpea

April 2014

The effect of separately inoculating cowpea cultivars, ‘Ife brown” (IF) and “Owode” (OW) with Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV), Cowpea yellow mosaic virus (CYMV) and Rhizobium IRc 284(RH-284) on nodulation was investigated. Also, the effect of inoculating the cowpea cultivars with RH-284 on the severity of infection caused by the viruses was studied. The interactive effects of inoculating...

Author(s): L. B. Taiwo, M. A. Taiwo, S. A. Shoyinka, S. E. Jegede, J. A. Okogun, O. S. Oyatokun and G. G. Adebayo

The effects of zinc (Zn) and C14-indoleacetic acid (IAA) on leaf senescence ın Helıanthus annuus L.

April 2014

Sequential leaf senescence is defined as a kind of programmed death events which is an important process in growth of plant. This study aimed to explore the sequential leaf senescence rate due to indoleacetic acid and lack of zinc (-Zn). Therefore, the effect of zinc and indole-3-acetic acid on senescence which occurs in Helianthus annuus (sunflower) cotyledons was analyzed. It was found that in cotyledons of seedlings...

Author(s): Serap SaÄŸlam-ÇaÄŸ and Yener Okatan

Changes in antioxidants and pungency in response to foliar applications of Mn and Fe in onion

February 2014

The aim of the present work was to study the changes in antioxidants and pungency in response to foliar applications of Mn [manganese: Mn1(0%); Mn2(0.5%); Mn3(1.0%)] and Fe [iron: Fe1(0%); Fe2(0.5%); Fe3(1.0%)] in onion genotype Sukhsagar (Allium cepa L.); a field experiment in factorial randomized block design with three replications was conducted in research farm of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani,...

Author(s): Manas Denre, A. Bhattacharya, S. Pal, A. Chakravarty, A. Chattopadhyay and D. Mazumdar

Growth and photosynthesis response of the green alga, Picochlorum oklahomensis to iron limitation and salinity stress

January 2014

The extreme environment of the Great Salt Plains (GSP) results in low algal biomass, such that natural selection is likely driven by survival of multiple abiotic stresses rather than rapid growth and biotic interactions. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of combined salinity stress and iron limitation on growth and photosynthesis in the green alga, Picochlorum oklahomensis isolated from the GSP...

Author(s): J. Nana Annan

Responses of grapevine rootstocks to drought stress

January 2014

Drought response of rootstocks is important for overall viticulture as a result of increase in water scarcity due to climate change and irrigation limitations in winegrowing region. Grapevines are generally well-adapted to arid and semi-arid climates, and they appear to primarily rely on drought avoidance mechanisms in water stress situations. In terms of the response of the grapevine to drought conditions, rootstock...

Author(s): Dargie Tsegay, Dor Amsalem, Manuel Almeida and Molly Crandles

Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) in leaves of a common weed Commelina nudiflora L.

November 2013

Survey of weed flora of Baramati region has revealed that Commelina nudiflora L. is a dominant weed among common weeds in croplands and fallow lands. In order to ascertain the survival potential of C. nudiflora some photosynthetic parameters along with water relations of this plant were investigated. Baramati region is a drought prone hot semi-arid area in Pune, Maharashtra. C. nudiflora,...

Author(s): R. B. Deshmukh and C. V. Murumkar

Chemical analysis of leaves of Abrus precatorius

November 2013

Leaves of Abrus precatorius are sweet and traditionally used to treat cough, malaria, snake bites and boils. This study evaluates the proximate and mineral composition of A. precatorius, and establishes the best solvent for the extraction of the sweet component of the leaves, by performing organoleptic test on the extract of different solvents, under different temperature conditions. The proximate...

Author(s): Paul E. D., Sangodare R. S. A., Uroko R. I., Agbaji A.S. and Dakare M. A.  

Role of gibberellic acid (GA3) in improving salt stress tolerance of two wheat cultivars

October 2013

Several environmental factors adversely affect plant growth and development and final yield performance of a crop. Drought, salinity, nutrient imbalances and extremes of temperature are among the major environmental constraints to crop productivity worldwide. Gibberellic acid (GA3)treatment has alleviated the drastic effect of salinity in growth parameters (leaf area, dry weight of grains and photosynthetic...

Author(s): Shaddad M. A. K., Abd El- Samad H. M. and Mostafa D.

The physiological response of wheat plants to exogenous application of gibberellic acid (GA3) or indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) with endogenous ethylene under salt stress conditions

October 2013

Wheat (Triticum vulgaris) plants were grown without NaCl and under salinization levels of NaCl. Salinity decreased the fresh, dry matter, water content, length and leaf area. Phytohormonal treatments with gibberellic acid (GA3) or indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) caused a marked increase in these parameters; GA3 was more effective than IAA. This activation was concomitant with the increase of osmotically active solutes,...

Author(s): Hamdia M. Abd El-Samad

The potential of Moringa oleifera extract as a biostimulant in enhancing the growth, biochemical and hormonal contents in rocket (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) plants

September 2013

Moringa oleifera is a highly valued plant, distributed in many countries of the tropics and subtropics. It has an impressive range of medicinal uses and high nutritional value. Accordingly, rocket (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) plants were foliar sprayed with the aqueous extracts of leaves and twigs of M. oleifera at rates of 1, 2 and 3%. Among these concentrations, fertilization of rocket plants with 2%...

Author(s): Mona M. Abdalla

Effects of 28-homobrassinolide on growth, photosynthesis and essential oil content of Satureja khuzestanica

September 2013

Brassinosteroids are a group of plant hormones that have significant biological effects on plant growth and development. The effects of 28-homobrassinolide (HBR) on growth, photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, carbohydrate fractions and essential oil content of savory herbs (Satureja khuzestanica Jamzad) were investigated. Foliar application of 28-homobrassinolide at 10-10, 10-8and 10-6 M...

Author(s): Mahdi Eskandari and Ali Eskandari

Changes in some biochemical characteristics in response to foliar applications of chelator and micronutrients in green pungent pepper

February 2013

In order to study the changes in some biochemical characteristics in response to foliar applicationsof chelator [humic acid: HA1 (0%) and HA2 (0.05%)] and micronutrients [manganese: Mn1 (0%); Mn2 (0.05%) and molybdenum: Mo1 (0%); Mo2 (0.01%)] in green pungent pepper cv. Bullet (Capsicum annum L.), a pot experiment in factorial randomized block design with three replications was...

Author(s): Manas Denre, P. K. Bandopadhyay, A. Chakravarty, S. Pal and A. Bhattacharya

Vegetation types and rangeland species nutritional values and forage quality indicators at various phonological stages

February 2013

Information on different rangeland plants’ nutritive values at various growth stages is important in rangelands management. This information helps rangeland managers to choose proper grazing times to achieve higher animal performance without detrimental effects on the rangeland vegetations. Effects of various plant parts’ growth stages and vegetation types on reserve carbohydrates and forage quality...

Author(s): Reza Dehghani Bidgoli and Abulfazl Ranjbarfordoei

Cyanamide in plant metabolism

January 2013

The calcium (Ca)-cyanamide is a nitrogen fertilizer with herbicide and fungicide side effects. Hydrogen cyanamide is absorbed as a molecule by roots and shoots of plants. It will be decomposed rapidly by the enzyme cyanamide hydratase to urea followed by urease to ammonium. From cyanamide decomposition mainly glutamate and alanine are built and the basic amino acids such as arginine, lysine and histidine are increased....

Author(s): A. Amberger

Total lipid content in macrophytes of Wular lake, A Ramsar site in Kashmir Himalaya

January 2013

The purpose of this study was to evaluate total lipid content in 15 fresh water macrophytes belonging to four ecological groups and examining the possible variations between the studied periods. The samples were obtained from nine sites throughout the Wular lake, during March to December 2011, spelling four seasons with determinations of lipid content of the aquatic macrophytes. No gross differences in the  lipid...

Author(s): Naseer Ahmad Dar, Aadil Hamid, Ashok K. Pandit, B. A. Ganai, Sami Ullah Bhat, and Arshid Hussain

Effect of lead and nickel toxicity on chlorophyll and proline content of Urd (Vigna mungo L.) seedlings

October 2012

The effect of Pb and Ni on chlorophyll a, b, carotenoids and proline content of Black gram (Vigna mungo L.) seedlings were evaluated under 10, 50 and 100 µM concentration. These concentrations significantly affected chlorophyll, carotenoid and proline content of Black gram as compared to control. Pb and Ni at 10 µM concentration resulted in less significant effect on chlorophyll, a, b and carotenoids....

Author(s): Gurpreet Singh, Rajneesh K. Agnihotri, Rajendra Sharma Reshma and Mushtaq Ahmad

Effects of nitrogen and irrigation interval on broomrape (Orbanche aegyptiaca) damage reduction in host plant (Cucumis sativa L.)

October 2012

In order to study the effects of nitrogen and irrigation interval on broomrape (Orbanche aegyptiaca) damage reduction in cucumber (Cucumis sativa L.), an experiment with two factors, nitrogen (100, 200 and 300 Kg/ha) and irrigation interval (3, 6 and 9 day), in three replications was performed in the greenhouse of Northern Khorasan Agricultural and Natural Resource Research Center. The results obtained show that the...

Author(s): Mehrnoush Eskandari Torbaghan, Gholam Reza Raoufinezhad and Masoud Eskandari Torbaghan

Induction of a C-repeat binding factor gene by calcium to resist low temperature stress in rice

October 2012

Adaptation to stress is an important phenomenon in plants. C–repeat binding factor (CBF), an Apetela 2 domain transcriptional activator, helps the plant in combating cold stress. Here, we cloned and purified a CBF family gene (OsDREB1B) from Oryza sativa. This gene (OsDREB1B) is induced by calcium in absence of cold. The bioinformatics analysis reveals that the induction of OsDREB1B is probably mediated...

Author(s): Gopal Chowdhary and Chanakya Nath Kundu

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