International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 328

IJWREE Articles

Impact of human population and household latrines on groundwater contamination in Igboora Community, Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, South-western Nigeria

June 2015

In Nigeria, lack of good potable water has always been a major problem; hence many homes have wells as a source of water for household uses. The objectives of this study are to determine the predominant sources (human or livestock) of fecal pollution in wells and concentrations of fecal bacteria and pathogens in well water. Thirty Five samples of well water in different places in Igboora community were analyzed for...

Author(s): Tairu H. M., Kolawole T. A., Adaramola K. A., Oladejo S. M., Oladokun P. O. and Bada T. V.

Numerical simulation of groundwater recharge from an injection well

May 2015

This paper presents the numerical simulation of groundwater recharge from a point source, that is, injection well using Explicit Finite Difference Model (FDFLOW) and Galerkin Finite Element Model (FEFLOW). The proposed model aims at simulation of groundwater flow in two-dimensional, transient, unconfined aquifer for a chosen synthetic Test Case. These models are validated with reported analytical solutions for a test...

Author(s): N. H. Kulkarni

An economic assessment of the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) on performance indicators of water resource management in West Africa: A suggested strategy for avoiding the eminent international water wars

May 2015

Using data from 16 West African countries, this paper examines the links between Per Capita Income, Trade and Financial indicators, Education and Freedom indicators. Others are internet users, broadband and mobile cell phone subscribers. Meanwhile fresh water supply (which is assumed as a bench mark public sector-led water resource management performance indicators) and access to safe drinking water (a bench mark...

Author(s): Sule Magaji and Eke, Chukwuemeka Ifegwu

Evaluation of the water quality status of Lake Hawassa by using water quality index, Southern Ethiopia

April 2015

Lake Hawassa is one of the eight Major Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes and the smallest among them which is situated in southern regional state; it is a closed basin system and receives water from only perennial Tikurwuha River and runoff from the catchment areas. It is an important source of water for surrounding rural communities for various uses like domestic, irrigation, livestock watering, fishing and recreation....

Author(s): Adimasu Woldesenbet Worako

Water quality index of fresh water streams feeding Wular Lake, in Kashmir Himalaya, India

April 2015

The quality of drinking water is of vital concern for human health and life. The present investigation was aimed at assessing the water quality index (WQI) of five fresh water streams feeding Wular lake. Analysis of the data revealed that the WQI values ranged from a minimum of 45.4 to a maximum of 48.9. Among the study sites, Makdhoomyari stream showed higher values of WQI while as lowest was shown by Madhumati....

Author(s): Sayar Yaseen, Ashok K. Pandit and Javaid Ahmad Shah

Policy interventions in watershed management: The case of the Inchaban Watershed, Ghana

March 2015

Before the twentieth century, watershed management in most Ghanaian communities relied solely on religious-based restrictions such as the use of taboos and sacred groves, to deter people from encroaching on watersheds. However, the advents of Christianity, western education, and urbanization, and the desire to develop the resources of the country have reduced the effectiveness and respect for traditional restrictions...

Author(s): O. D. Mireku and A. K. Mensah

Irrigation system in Israel: A review

March 2015

The objective of this paper was to review the irrigation system of Israel and to identify the most common irrigation methods used for safe, efficient and sustainable agricultural production in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Israel is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and characterized by desert and semi-desert climatic conditions. Major constraints of the country include: Frequent...

Author(s): Girma Megersa and Jemal Abdulahi

Rainwater harvesting: An option for dry land agriculture in arid and semi-arid Ethiopia

February 2015

Subsistence rain-fed agriculture has been widely practiced for many centuries in Ethiopia and this sector has been highly dependent on rainfall. Thus, rainfall remains the crucial component of the weather elements for improving agricultural productivity. Extreme climatic conditions and high inter-annual or seasonal variability of this weather element could adversely affect productivity, because rainfall controls the...

Author(s): Binyam Alemu Yosef and Desale Kidane Asmamaw

Assessment of impact of climate change on runoff in the Kainji lake basin using statistical methods

February 2015

This paper presents the assessment of impact of climate change on the runoff in the Kainji Lake basin. Hydro-meteorological variables within River Niger sub-basin in Nigeria and upstream countries were obtained from Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), Nigeria Inland Waterways (NIWA) and hydrological unit of Kainji hydropower station. The variables were subjected to regression and standardized anomaly indices (SAIs)...

Author(s): A. W. Salami, A. A. Mohammed, J. A. Adeyemo and O. K. Olanlokun

Environmental impact assessment of the potability of water from bore-hole, hand dug well and stream at Itagunmodi gold deposits Southwestern, Nigeria using FORTRAN algorithm for monitoring leachates and interpreting physicochemical data of contaminants in groundwater

January 2015

This study determined the quality of surface and underground water in Itagunmodi in Nigeria. Physicochemical analysis of water samples collected within gold mining area and the water consumed in the town was carried out to determine their hygienic conditions. The major objective of this study was assessment degree of groundwater pollution around the mining sites and the available water consumed in the town. Four major...

Author(s): Adetoyinbo A. A., Adelegan F. T. and Bello A. K.

Contamination of groundwater due to underground coal gasification

December 2014

Underground coal gasification (UCG) generates potential groundwater pollution because it changes local hydrogeological parameters. Groundwater pollution is caused by diffusion and penetration of contaminants generated by UCG processes towards surrounding strata and possible leaching of residue by natural groundwater flow after gasification. A large number of hazardous water-borne contaminants were identified during...

Author(s): R. P. Verma, , R. Mandal, S. K. Chaulya, P. K. Singh, A. K. Singh and G. M. Prasad

Spatial-temporal estimation of evapotranspiration over Black Volta of West Africa

December 2014

Evapotranspiration is an important component necessary for ensuring efficient management of water resources for every river basin. The Bui Hydroelectric Plant completed early 2014 to provide electricity for the people of Ghana is located within the Black Volta River Basin of West Africa. With the construction of this plant and related developments, there is a need for attention to be paid to the conservation of water...

Author(s): Amos T. Kabo-bah, G. K. Anornu, Eric Ofosu, Robert Andoh and Kamila Justyna Lis

Critical analysis of existing economic tools available for assessing river water quality

December 2014

This review paper critically analyzes the economic literature on the approaches of measuring the environmental benefits. It focuses on the economic methodologies that are available for the evaluation of the effects (social costs and benefits) of environmental changes (degradation/preservation) on river water quality. Further, it shows how the monetary valuations of these effects can have an impact in making of economic...

Author(s): Sudevi Basu and Lokesh K. S

Investigation of groundwater flow heterogeneity in fractured aquifers (Case study: Qusiema area, North Sinai)

December 2014

Fractured aquifer is considered as a main promising aquifer in northeastern boarders of Egypt where the Nubian aquifer is deep. The groundwater exploration and evaluation are the main objectives of the present study. Some localities were carefully selected for applying the geophysical techniques to achieve the goal of the study. Both the Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) and horizontal profiling techniques of direct...

Author(s): Osama Abdel Raouf

Efficacy of phytoremediation potential of aquatic macrophytes for its applicability in treatment wetlands: A review of developments and research

October 2014

Improving water quality through aquatic macrophytes has made them an essential component in constructed wetland systems (CWS). Experiments worldwide revealed that they do have a role to play in the treatment, but by and large it varied from region to region and species to species. CWS are proven to be an effective, low cost and sustainable alternative to the conventional methods of water treatment. This review included...

Author(s): Golda A. E., Poyyamoli G. and Nandhivarman M.

Roof age effect on the quality of harvested rainwater and its health implication in a selected location, Southwest Nigeria

October 2014

Rainwater for potable uses has increased in developing countries due to population increase and the failure of conventional means of water supply. However, the quality of roof harvested rainwater and its health implication are issues that require urgent attention. The quality of rainwater harvested from galvanized roofing sheets (GRS) of different ages was investigated. Rainwater samples were collected on monthly basis...

Author(s): T. P. Abegunrin, A. Y. Sangodoyin, J. Odeniyi and O. E. Onofua

Impacts of human activities on macroinvertebrate community structure along Chepkoilel River swamp, Kenya

October 2014

This study was set out to investigate the impacts of human activities along Chepkoilel River swamp on Macroinvertebrate community structure. Macroinvertebrates were sampled at six stations along Chepkoilel river swamp. Stations were chosen to correspond to different human activities and intensity of human presence and sampling done at each station for 6 months. Selected water quality parameters were measured at each...

Author(s): Patrick Oduor Orwa, Phillip Okoth Raburu, Steve Omari Ngodhe and Regina Kipkorir

Assessment of climate change effects on future drought levels by combining a hydrological model and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) index in the Nakdong river basin, Korea

September 2014

The main purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of climate change on drought levels in the future by using both hydrological model (SWAT) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) tools. Three benchmark periods of climate change were used for simulation such as 2010-2039, 2040-2069 and 2070-2099. These results were then compared with the baseline period (1980-2009) at nine zones in the basin. Results indicated...

Author(s): Ngo Van Quan and Gwangseob Kim

Estimate stage-discharge relation for rivers using artificial neural networks- Case study: Dost Bayglu hydrometry station over Qara Su River

September 2014

The prediction of discharge and its variability in a river is an essential component of surface-water planning. For that purpose, a functional relationship between stage and discharge is established with the help of field measurement and the relationship is expressed as a rating curve. Whereas direct discharge measurement in rivers is time consuming and expensive, and sometimes it is impossible, for this purpose the...

Author(s): Khosro Nezamkhiavy and Sohrab Nezamkhiavy

Management of urban water for domestic and industrial uses and sustainability in Anambra State, Nigeria

August 2014

Nigeria has abundant water resources. This natural endowment is evident in the yearly rainfall and large surface bodies of water-rivers, streams as well as abundant reservoirs of underground water. However, because of lack of good developmental policy, the rational use of the water resources still poses problems and challenges in most states of the country. For some time now these water problems have been left with the...

Author(s): A. C. C. Ezeabasili, O. L. Anike and A.U. Okonkwo

Transient numerical approach to estimate groundwater dewatering flow rates for a large construction site: a case study from the Middle East

August 2014

A three-dimensional, transient groundwater model was developed to determine the rate, volume, and number of pumping wells required to estimate the dewatering of three deep excavations at a large coastal construction site in the Middle East with a shallow groundwater table. There was limited site-specific hydrogeologic information for the site. A calibrated MODFLOW-based groundwater model was developed using the...

Author(s): GUHA Hillol, DAY Garrett and CLEMENTE José

Evaluation of sustainability of groundwater resources in a semi-arid region of the Maharashtra State of India

July 2014

This study aims to assess the sustainability of groundwater resources in a semi-arid watershed in the Maharashtra State of India using sustainability indicators proposed by the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO). We have selected seven widely used indicators based on their relevance in the field of groundwater sustainability and proven data collection reliability and methodology....

Author(s): Sangam SHRESTHA and Parmeshwar UDMALE

Influence of suspended matters on iron and manganese presence in the Okpara Water Dam (Benin, West Africa)

July 2014

Iron and manganese, which their concentrations are seasonally high in the Okpara Water Dam, have a high mobility links to suspended matters (SM). The presence of the water plants constitutes SM retention support within the water column. The anthropoid disturbances caused by the fishermen activities constitute a factor of sediments renewing in the suspension. Solid (>0.45 µm)-liquid (< 0.45 µm)...

Author(s): Tomètin A. S. Lyde, Mama Daouda, Sagbo Etienne,  Fatombi K. Jacques, Aminou W. Taofiki and Bawa L. Moctar

The use of high resolution monitoring in the management of water quality failures caused by discolouration

June 2014

Water quality failures caused by discolouration has become a serious problem for water service providers as they seek measures to comply with increasingly stringent standards from regulatory authorities. Such measures include tools that would enable them predict discolouration events before they occur, so that they can act in a more proactive manner. This paper demonstrates how high temporal monitoring of the...

Author(s): Anonye, D. and Nwachukwu, A. N.

Application of System Dynamics model in the determination of the unit cost of production of drinking water

June 2014

Establishment of tariff structures and economic pricing regimes are contemporary issues in the water supply sector. The need to determine the economic price for water production has taken the centre stage in the face of dwindling world water resources. This paper reports the development of a System Dynamics (SD) model for the determination of the unit cost of domestic water production schemes in a developing economy....

Author(s): Adelere Ezekiel Adeniran

Estimation and mapping of groundwater characteristics in Greater Wad-Medani Locality, Gezira State, Sudan

May 2014

Groundwater dominates the domestic water supply (85%) in the Gezira State, Central Sudan. Groundwater resources in Gezira are basically represented by two water-bearing geological formations: the Nubian Sandstone formation overlain by the Gezira formation and shallow quaternary to recent deposits in minor streams. This study aims at identifying the pattern distribution of selected aquifer characteristics of the Gezira...

Author(s): Sami O. E., Mustafa Y. M., Shamseddin M. A. and Hilmi H. S.

Groundwater resources of the Niger Delta: Quality implications and management considerations

May 2014

The Niger Delta region of Nigeria is of great socio-economic importance because of its huge and abundant reserves of crude oil and natural gas. The phenomenal increase in both industrial and social activities within the area in recent times has led to increase in groundwater abstraction rates. Groundwater development in the Niger Delta region has been carried out with little hydrogeological considerations. This is...

Author(s): H.O. Nwankwoala and S.A. Ngah

Assessment of Silyaninov index for detecting climatic changes and droughts in the central Sudan

May 2014

Drought is a constraint upon development in Sudan. This paper attempts to understand drought and climate change in the central Sudan using the Silyaninov index (SI) because of its simplicity and its required datasets (monthly rainfall and temperature) are routinely collected in developing countries. Also, the ecoclimatological relationships for the natural vegetation cover were investigated using the normalized...

Author(s): M. A. Shamseddin and H.S.M. Hilmi

Prospective techniques for in-situ treatment and protection of aquifers: A sustainable hydrology review

April 2014

Most water table aquifers are polluted, yet they are the primary sources of urban and rural water supply. Sustainable hydrology in this millennium will capture in-situ treatment and protection of shallow aquifers particularly in developing countries. Permeable reactive barrier (PRB), biological and electrochemical methods with air and steam injection techniques will advance. Ex-situ pump and treat method is slow, costly...

Author(s): Michael A. Nwachukwu

Modelling dynamics of organic carbon in water hyacinth Eichhornia Crassipes (Mart.) Solms artificial wetlands

April 2014

The role of water hyacinth on removal of organic carbon was investigated in free water constructed wetlands. A model incorporating the activities of suspended and biofilm biomasses was developed in order to simulate the various processes involved in the transformation and removal organic matter in the water hyacinths constructed wetland. The results show that the major processes governing the organic carbon...

Author(s): Aloyce W. Mayo

Simulation of rainfall runoff process for Khartoum State (Sudan) using remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS)

March 2014

Using geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing integration to determine runoff caused due to rainfall from watershed has performed increasingly attention in recent years. This study was conducted in the Khartoum State. Curve Number (CN) method was applied for estimating the runoff depth in the watershed. Hydrologic soil group and land use maps were generated in GIS Environment. Hydrologic soil groups and...

Author(s): Aldoma A. and Mohamed M. Y.

Classification of transmissivity magnitude and variation in calcarious soft rocks of Bhaskar Rao Kunta Watershed, Nalgonda District, India

March 2014

Pumping test was used for the appraisal and evaluation of groundwater potential and design of well. Pumping tests of the calcarious sedimentary rocks of Bhaskar Rao kunta watershed area were carried out for twenty five selected bore wells for quantitative understanding of the groundwater for crop water requirement and groundwater use efficiency. The tests were carried out independently for short duration under constant...

Author(s): Reddy, K. Srinivasa 

Assessment of noise pollution of two vulnerable sites of Sylhet city, Bangladesh

March 2014

The study reports the analysis and measurement of the noise levels of CNG refueling Stations and Power Generators of Power Development Board (PDB) induced noise pollution in Sylhet City. For this purpose noise levels have been measured at ten major locations of the city for CNG refueling Stations and in PDB, Kumargaon. Sound levels are measured at different location at different time interval for the respective study...

Author(s): Amin, Nurul, Sikder, Iqbal, Zafor, M. A. and Chowdhury, M. A. I.

Flood hazard assessment of River Dep floodplains in North-Central Nigeria

February 2014

Flood is a recurring event that leads to hazards. The probability of a flood occurring is normally investigated followed by flood hazard mapping which defines the areas that are at risk of flood inundation. This study carries out flood hazard assessment for the flood prone areas within the low-lying flat river valley of the River Dep watershed using Remote Sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) for...

Author(s): Daffi, Rose E. , Otun Johnson A. and Ismail Abubakar

Catchment dynamics and its impact on runoff generation: Coupling watershed modelling and statistical analysis to detect catchment responses

February 2014

Catchment response as consequence of changes in vegetation cover and land use management could not be well explained by statistical methods alone. At the same time, long range periodic and trend components of time series are not adequately predicted by watershed modeling. Therefore, joint application of statistical time series analysis and watershed modeling better help to understand the underlying climate variability...

Author(s): Negash Wagesho

Heavy metals assessment of private drinking water supplies in Ibadan, Nigeria and associated health risks

February 2014

The aim was to measure the concentrations of heavy metals in groundwater obtained from 30 randomly selected domestic wells and 10 stream locations all in Ibadan, Nigeria, compare the results with the World Health Organization guidelines, draw conclusions and make recommendations. Water samples were obtained and analysed for Pb, As, Cd, Zn, Cu, Cr, Fe and Mn. Overall, the minimum concentrations of Pb, As, Cd, Cr and Fe...

Author(s): B. A. Adelekan and Oguntoso N.

Determination of rainfall-recharge relationship in River Ona basin using soil moisture balance and water fluctuation methods

January 2014

A quantitative evaluation of spatial and temporal distribution of groundwater recharge is a pre-requisite for the management of ground water resources system in an optimal manner. The amount of groundwater recharge depends upon the rate and duration of rainfall, as rainfall is the principal means for replenishment of moisture in the soil water system and recharge to ground water. This paper investigated the relationship...

Author(s): Oke, M. O., Martins, O. and Idowu, O. A.

Hydro and solar-pond-chimney power scheme for Qattara Depression, Egypt

January 2014

This study summarizes previous proposals and studies concerning Qattara power projects and gives some details about a new concept, which aims to produce hydropower like all previous proposals, and also extra electric power and fresh water via a site specific solar-pond-chimney system. Sea water from the Mediterranean Sea and re-used water from the end of Rosetta branch would feed an artificial lake in the Qattara...

Author(s): Assem Afify

Groundwater conditions and hydrogeochemistry of the shallow Benin Formation aquifer in the vicinity of Abraka, Nigeria

January 2014

Shallow borehole and dug well data are used in describing groundwater conditions in the vicinity of Abraka in the Nigerian coastal plain. Drill cuttings from ten boreholes show that the Abraka area is underlain by reddish brown unconsolidated sands, followed by a succession of grey- off-white medium grained sands of the Benin Formation. Hydraulic conductivity estimated from grain size analysis of cuttings obtained from...

Author(s): Irwin Anthony Akpoborie and Oghenevwede Efobo

Strategies and techniques of providing adequate and affordable potable water in rural areas of Nigeria

January 2014

Water is next to air in importance. The World Bank declared water as an economic good while endorsing the international demand for water supply. Human health depends on having access to safe, adequate and reliable water supply. In Africa, and of course in Nigeria, one half of the entire continent’s people (particularly in rural areas/communities), suffer from one or more of the six main diseases associated with...

Author(s): S. Olu Adesogan

Integrated water resources management in Iran: Environmental, socio-economic and political review of drought in Lake Urmia

January 2014

In recent years Lake Urmia, the largest saline lake in the Middle East located in northwestern Iran has undergone severe environmental changes. As a result of drought and anthropogenic impacts, the area of the Lake has been shrunk and the water level has been dropped. In this article the environmental, political and socio-economic impacts of drought in Lake Urmia basin has been reviewed and the obstacles regarding...

Author(s): N. Zarrineh and M. Azari Najaf Abad

Assessment of discharge and sediment transport from different forest cover types in lower Himalaya using Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)

January 2014

The present study was carried out to examine the applicability of Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) in estimating daily discharge and sediment delivery from mountainous forested watersheds and to assess the impact of forest cover types on stream discharge pattern and sediment load. The study watersheds namely Arnigad and Bansigad, comprising of dense Oak forest (80%) and degraded Oak forest (83%) respectively, are...

Author(s): J. V. Tyagi, S. P. Rai, Nuzhat Qazi and M. P. Singh

An integrated process investigation of self-sustaining incineration in a novel waste incinerator: Drying, pyrolysis, gasification, and combustion of sludge-plastic blends

December 2013

Utilization of waste-water sludge is one of the most difficult processes of environment protection because of the high moisture and contents of harmful substances. Incineration is the effective method of utilization of such waste mater. To deal with these issues more effectively, a novel sludge incineration technology was developed in this study. The results showed sludge drying, pyrolysis, gasification and incineration...

Author(s): Jianzhong Zhu, Lieqiang Chen, Jun Fang and Buchang Shi

The Role of Mara River Basin Wetland in Reduction of Nitrogen Load to Lake Victoria

December 2013

The role of Mara River basin wetland in reduction of nitrogen load to Lake Victoria was investigated. Reconnaissance survey was carried out to identify the suitable sampling points in the wetland. Transects were developed in the inlet and outlet zones of the wetland through which three sampling points were established at each transect. Data for physical-chemical parameters such as pH, temperature and dissolved oxygen...

Author(s): Aloyce W. Mayo, Marwa Muraza and Joel Norbert

Hydrogeochemical Study of Surface Water Resources of Orlu, Southeastern Nigeria

December 2013

Hydrogeochemical assessment of surface water Resources of Orlu and its environs was carried out in order to evaluate the chemical composition and quality profile with respect to the environmental setting of the study area. A total of six samples were collected, from different rivers and streams traversing different communities in the area, and analyzed for major cations and anions as well as trace elements like Fe, Mn,...

Author(s): S. I. Ibeneme, L. N. Ukiwe, A. O. Selemo C. N. Okereke, J. O. Nwagbara, Y. E. Obioha, A. G. Essien, B. O. Ubechu, E. S. Chinemelu, E. A. Ewelike and R. N. Okechi

Characterization of the top sediment layer in coastal intertidal mudflats from medium-to-coarse resolution satellite imagery and field measurements

December 2013

Intertidal sediments are critically important in controlling intertidal mudflat microphytobenthic primary productivity and the functioning of intertidal ecosystems. This paper demonstrates the possibility of deriving different intertidal sediment properties from coarse-to-medium resolution remote sensing imagery. Supervised and image based classification methods were used to map different substrate types based on the...

Author(s): Timothy Dube, Tawanda W. Gara, Webster Gumindoga, Emmerson Chivhenge and Tsikai S. Chinembiri

Hydro-geoelectric study of Ijare town, southwestern Nigeria

December 2013

Geoelectric study involving fifty four (54) Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) has been undertaken within Ijare, southwestern Nigeria with the aim of evolving the hydrogeologic setting of the town. Ijare is underlain by the Precambrian Crystalline Basement Complex rocks with inhabited parts of the town underlain by migmatite gneiss and fine-grained biotite granite while inselbergs of older granites suites adjoins the...

Author(s): Oladapo, Michael Ilesanmi

Geo-electrical data analysis to demarcate groundwater pockets in Ado – Ekiti, southwest, Nigeria

November 2013

Geo-Electrical Analysis of data obtained from Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) measurements conducted in Ado-Ekiti has been carried out to demarcate groundwater pockets in the metropolis within the Basement Complex of Southwest, Nigeria. 49 ‘vertical electrical soundings’ were carried out. The layer parameters of resistivity and thickness were determined and used to generate spatial distributions of...

Author(s): Oyedele, E. A. A., Oyedele, T. and Oyedele, K.

Flow system, physical properties and heavy metals concentration of groundwater: A case study of an area within a municipal landfill site

November 2013

Groundwater within the Olusosun landfill site in Lagos Metropolis was evaluated. Previous research on quality parameters of groundwater in the area made use of equipment of low detection capacity for heavy metals concentrations in water. Also, subsurface flow and significant attenuation of leachate due to horizontal distance between wells and landfill site are yet to be technically elucidated. In the present...

Author(s): Adebisi, N. O., Oluwafemi, O. S., Songca, S. P. and Haruna, I.

Improving soil surface conditions for enhanced rainwater harvesting on highly permeable soils

November 2013

The harnessing of runoff water from rainfall over land rather than allowing these waters to run into streams and rivers and eventually lost into the sea is attaining some popularity due to the increasing demand for scarce water resources. Sandy soils, especially in arid and semi-arid regions and along some coastal areas of Ghana (from Aflao to Tema New Town) do not generate sufficient rainwater runoff for storage...

Author(s): Amu-Mensah Frederick K, YAMAMOTO Tahei and INOUE Mitsuhiro

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