International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 328

IJWREE Articles

Seasonal and interannual validation of satellite-measured reservoir levels at the Kainji dam

April 2012

  Although several studies have demonstrated the potential for inland water monitoring using satellite radar altimeters, the technology still carries with it certain limitations. Therefore, the direct application of altimetry data to reservoir management is often preceded by validation of satellite altimetry data with reliable ground-measured data. Kainji reservoir in Nigeria was selected for this study due to...

Author(s):   Yunus D. Salami and Fidelia N. Nnadi        

Removal of phosphorus from Nigeria’s Agbaja iron ore through the degradation ability of Micrococcus species

April 2012

  Study on the potential of Micrococcus species to remove phosphorus (P) from Nigeria’s Agbaja iron ore was carried out by submerged culture technique. Findings reveal that Micrococcus species which was originally isolated from the ore samples solubilized phosphorus with 69.66% phosphorus removal rate. The microbe also completely accumulated iron (Fe) and cadmium (Cd) ions found in the...

Author(s):   O. W. Obot and C. N. Anyakwo    

A framework for defining equity and sustainability in the Nile River Basin

March 2012

  The objectives of this research were to objectively define the two important terms, ‘equity’ and ‘without appreciable harm’, in the water utilization principles enshrined in the United Nation (UN) Convention in the context of visions of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI). Need-based allocation of Nile waters and the new emerging concept of ‘reserved’ and ‘shared’...

Author(s):   Asfaw Kebede, Desalegn Chemeda and Semu Ayalew        

Water pollution: Major issue in urban areas

March 2012

  Like most of developing countries urbanization and industrialization have not gone in pace with environmental pollution, resulting in numerous problems arising from environmental pollution. This is specifically true about water bodies wherein various toxic solid wastes, effluents and emission are being discharged, resulting in an excessive amount of toxic and hazardous metals in local ground water. Due to...

Author(s):   Sajid Farid, Musa Kaleem Baloch and Syed Amjad Ahmad      

Physiochemical and bacteriological analysis of surface water in Ewekoro Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria: Case study of Lala, Yobo and Agodo Rivers

March 2012

  This study examined the physiochemical and bacteriological analysis of surface water in Ewekoro Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria - a case study of Lala, Yobo and Agodo Rivers. Water samples were collected from the rivers in October and December 2008. The samples were analyzed for pH, TDS, TH, electrical conductivity, chloride, calcium, nitrate and fecal coli form. Result indicated that total...

Author(s):   Adejuwon J. O. and Adelakun M. A        

Impacts of urban growth on flood hazards in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia

February 2012

  Flash floods are the most dangerous type of natural disasters in arid regions, such as Saudi Arabia. The effects of urban growth, witnessed between 1990 and 2010, in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, on runoff volume and peak discharge are investigated using the curve number (CN) flood-modelling methodology. Shapefiles of residential areas are compiled and integrated in a unique geographic information system (GIS)...

Author(s):   Khaled A. Al-Ghamdi, Ramze A. Elzahrany, Meraj N. Mirza, and Gomaa M. Dawod,          

Well water contamination by pit latrines: A case study of Langas

February 2012

  In many peri-urban areas of Kenya, potable piped water does not exist and where it does, it is rarely reliable. Thus, in such areas, residents heavily rely on groundwater sources for their daily survival. Therefore, it is common to find individual wells in each plot within such a peri-urban dwelling. Furthermore, in most cases, such dwellings lack municipal sewers, hence forcing residents to construct pit...

Author(s):   Clement Kiprotich Kiptum and Julius Musyoka Ndambuki  

Species richness and diversity of chlorophyceae and bacillariophyceae in Cauvery River, Mysore, India

December 2011

Selected physico-chemical parameters and a taxonomic survey of fresh water algae in lotic water bodies of river cauvery in and around Mysore district were carried out between 2008 and 2009. The quantitative and qualitative analyses of chlorophyceae and bacillariophyceae have revealed the presence of 21 taxes respectively. The maximum chlorophyceae and bacillariophyceae species were found at stations D1 and R1 and...

Author(s): J. Mahadev, UsmanTaqui Syed and S. Suresha

Phytoplankton dynamics and seasonal variation in Tungabhadra River, India

December 2011

Tungabhadra River, an important tributary of Krishna, flows in the district Davangere in the central part of Karnataka State, India. A total of 64 species of phytoplankton were recorded during the present study period. These include 23 species of Chlorophyceae, 18 species of Cyanophyceae, 14 species of Bacillariophyceae and 9 species of Euglenophyceae. Water and algal samples were collected at regular intervals of 15...

Author(s): Suresh B., Manjappa S. and E. T. Puttaiah

A study of solar disinfection for rural water supply

December 2011

Drinking water available to rural communities in many developing countries contains disease germs. Solar disinfection of water is becoming increasingly appreciated because of the feasibility of its application. This study investigated the level of transmission of ultraviolet light by bottles made of glass, poly vinyl chloride (PVC) and polyethlene terephthalate (PET) in relation to their ability to disinfect water...

Author(s): Olatunde Ayoola Ajayi, Kamar Taiwo Oladepo, Julius Olatunji Jeje and Martins Olusola Ogedengbe

Optimal management for groundwater of Nubian aquifer in El Dakhla depression, Western Desert, Egypt

December 2011

El Dakhla depression occupies a structurally localized depression at 100 to140 m (amsl), below a 400 m escarpment bordering the Libyan Plateau, Western Desert of Egypt. In this area, groundwater of the Nubian Sandstone aquifer is the unique source of fresh water.  The increasing demand of groundwater in El Dakhla depression has resulted in an indiscriminate exploitation of this source causing environmental hazards...

Author(s): Gad M. I., A. E. El Sheikh and El Osta M. M.

Artificial neural network model to assess the impacts of land development on river flow

December 2011

Some types of land development can be associated with increased impervious area that causes increase in surface runoff and decrease in ground water recharge. Both of these processes can have large-scale ramifications through time. Increased runoff results in higher flows during rainfall events. On the other hand, groundwater recharge decreases due to increase impervious surfaces and decrease rate. Hence, there is a need...

Author(s): M. Y. Mohamed

Thermosyphon solar water distiller of cement and aluminum absorber with auxiliary condenser

December 2011

Two modifications of solar water distillers using cement and aluminum absorbers are presented experimentally. The first modification uses separated condenser to purge vapor from the cement absorber distiller to increase the condensation, while second modification uses a plate thermosyphon charged with acetone installed on the bottom of the water basin in the aluminum absorber distiller to increase input energy to the...

Author(s): Mousa M. Mohamed and Mostafa A. Abd El-Baky

Very low frequency - electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and Offset Wenner resistivity survey of spring sources for groundwater development

December 2011

Geophysical mapping involving VLF Electromagnetic profiling along seven profiles, ten Offset Wenner and two azimuthal soundings were employed in the study of perennial spring sites at Iloyin community in Akure metropolis, southwest Nigeria. Geophysical methods are useful in mapping areas of natural water resource for groundwater abstraction or construction of containment such as dam or fishpond. Linear inversion of the...

Author(s): G. M. Olayanju

Evaluation of water quality in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria

December 2011

Groundwater is an economic resource and more than 85% of the public water for consumption in Nigeria is obtained from groundwater. This source of water is of great use for domestic, industrial, and agricultural purposes. Groundwater in Abeokuta is largely derived from the aquifers within coastal plain. The water in this formation is however not always suitable due to urban waste disposal and sea water intrusion. Water...

Author(s): Olukayode D. Akinyemi, R. Bello, Adebimpe T. Ayodeji, Damilola E. Akanbi, Mobolaji M. Ibine and Jamiu A. Popoola

Water management with wastewater treatment and reuse, desalination, and conveyance to counteract future water shortages in the Gaza Strip

November 2011

Groundwater is the only freshwater source available for the Gaza Strip of Palestine, but Gaza groundwater is heavily polluted from agricultural activities and seawater intrusion. Water resource planners therefore have to find innovative alternate sources of water to minimize existing and future deficits. Possible management options include the use of treated wastewater (TWW), desalination, and conveyance of water...

Author(s): Ahmed E. Al-Juaidi, David E. Rosenberg and Jagath J. Kaluarachchi

Identifying a cost effective method for thermo tolerant coli forms enumeration in raw water resources used for domestic consumption and irrigation

November 2011

The present study is descriptive and analytical in nature, aimed to determine the correlation and compatibility rates of the detection methods of multiple tube fermentation (both traditional and direct techniques) using Escherichia coli (EC) Broth and plate count in special fecal Coli form culture media. The objective was to identify the one method among these which is economical, effective, rapid and easy to use under...

Author(s): Almasi A. and Sadeghi E.

Selection of optimum option for sludge disposal in the Guilan province of Iran using rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM)

November 2011

All wastewater treatment processes produce a large amount of semisolid pollutants, especially wastewater sludge. Discharge of sludge without environmental considerations will have many serious effects on public health and environment. The main objective of this study is the selection of optimum option for sludge disposal in the Guilan province of Iran using rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM) which is a tool to...

Author(s): Aghil Golipour Shoili, Mehrdad Farrokhi, Hadi Neizehbaz and Hoseyn Alizadeh

Minimising the deterioration of the properties of Moringa oleifera seed extract using Trona solution

November 2011

This study intends to investigate the feasibility of using a local preservative under ambient environmental conditions to minimise the deterioration of Moringa oleifera seed extract in terms of pH fluctuations and coagulation properties. The effect of Trona solution on the pH stability of M. oleifera seed extract was evaluated by observing varying concentrations (0.5 to 2%) of mixtures of seed extract and Trona solution...

Author(s): Saulawa S. B., Ajibike M. A., Igboro S. B., Lukman S., Ibrahim F. B. and Abubakar U. A.

Process design for decentralized sewage treatment system with total natural resource management

November 2011

In developing countries sewage disposal is still a major problem. Increase in population and less availability of natural resources makes sewage a major source of health hazard. With sprawling urban population sewage disposal has become a very serious problem. Under this circumstances, the decentralized sewage treatment system (DTS) for population varying from 1000 to 10,000 that is, 120 to 1200 Kl/day or more can play...

Author(s): Shubhra Singh, N. Janardhana Raju and Gyan Sagar

The use of natural system for the treatment of greywater: A case study of Kpeshie Lagoon, Accra, Ghana

November 2011

Handling of wastewater (greywater and blackwater) in urban areas is a big problem. The La Sub Metro in Ghana is no exception. Due to lack of wastewater treatment facilities, almost all the wastewater in the Sub Metro is discharged into the Kpeshie Lagoon without pre-treatment. The objective of this study was to characterise greywater and determine the potential of receiving environment (Kpeshie Lagoon and surrounding...

Author(s): Martha Ansah, Esi Awuah, Sampson Oduro-Kwarteng and Nana O.B. Ackerson

Culturing a rabbit fish (Siganus canalicullatus) in cages: A study from Palk Bay, South East Coast of India

November 2011

Preliminary investigation on the culture of Siganus canalicullatus in floating cages in Mandapam coastal water has revealed that the fish has high culture potential in the region. It is euryhaline, inhabiting areas where salinities range from 23’/,, to 35.8O/,, ,. The fish grows faster on pelletted diets than on ordinary seaweeds. It is estimated that the fish would reach a marketable size of 20 cm fork length in...

Author(s): M. Jaikumar, L. Kanagu, C.Stella and B. Gunalan

Determination of watershed’s hydrological parameters using remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) techniques: Case study of Wadi Al-kangar, Sudan

November 2011

The need for information in user friendly formats and which is easy to update, query, manage and utilize, has popularized the use of geographical information system (GIS). Remote sensing and GIS techniques are increasingly becoming an important tool in hydrology and water resources development. This is due to the fact that most of the data required for hydrological analysis can easily be obtained from remotely sensed...

Author(s): M. Y. Mohamed, H. S. M. Hilmi and E. S. Ganawa

Assessment of safe reservoir yield by full optimization model by linear programming method

October 2011

This study determines a deterministic distribution of future water storage shortages, based on the known existing demands and the historical data. The data used for this study is the historical monthly flow data for 28 years of the Upper Penganga Project- Isapur reservoir in the Godavari river basin in Maharashtra, India. It is major irrigation reservoir with live capacity of 958.43 MCM and for this given capacity the...

Author(s): Kalpeshkumar M. Sharma, Deepak V. Pattewar and Dahe P. D

Morphometric analysis of Dwarakeswar watershed, Bankura district, West Bengal, India, using spatial information technology

October 2011

Spatial information technology that is, remote sensing (RS) coupled with geographical information system (GIS) has come out as an efficient tool in delineating drainage pattern and water resource management and its planning. GIS and Image Processing techniques have been adopted for the identification of morphological features and analyzing their properties in Dwarakeswar River Basin area in Purulia and Bankura districts...

Author(s): S. K. Nag and Anindita Lahiri

Integrated rainwater management strategies in the Blue Nile Basin of the Ethiopian highlands

October 2011

This paper describes one component of the research that International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and partners are undertaking as part of the challenge program on water and food (CPWF) Nile Basin Development Challenge (NBDC). The objective of the NBDC is to increase understanding of how to plan successful rainwater management strategies (RMS) and identify how these can be effectively implemented in the Ethiopian...

Author(s): Birhanu Zemadim, Matthew McCartney, Bharat Sharma and Abeyou Wale

Time series analysis of ground water table fluctuations due to temperature and rainfall change in Shiraz plain

October 2011

This research aims at forecasting ground water fluctuations due to temperature and rainfall effects using time series and cross-correlation analysis. Box Jenkins’s time series model was analyzed and the best one for Shiraz plain proved to be multiplicative seasonal. This model was used to forecast the future ground water fluctuations as affected by long term temperature and rainfall data. Results showed that...

Author(s): Mohamad Aflatooni and Mehdi Mardaneh

Removal of nitrogen from ammonium-rich synthetic wastewater in an upflow column type anammox reactor

October 2011

The aim of this study is to illustrate the efficiency of nitrogen removal from synthetic wastewater using a fixed-bed anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) reactor. A continuous fed flow reactor was inoculated with upflow anammox and fed with synthetic wastewater. The reactor was operated for 75 days without pH control. The maximum ammonium and nitrite removal efficiencies achieved were 95 and 97.5%, respectively. The...

Author(s): M. G. Mostafa, Y. Kawakubo and K. Furukawa

Interference of organic waste pollution from municipality cattle market/slaughter on adjacent stream/ground water quality

October 2011

Chemical contaminants from animal droppings and other organic wastes, nonpoint source (NPS) runoff and abattoir waste water at the municipality cattle market/slaughter lot, Uyo, Nigeria, which increased detritus litter or are leached to ground water, were investigated on the facility borehole and adjacent stream water. Statistical analysis of samples’ physico-chemical composition using SPSS ver 17 package,...

Author(s): O. E. Essien

Impact of Rogun dam on downstream Uzbekistan agriculture

September 2011

Strains among the states of Central Asia over using the region’s scarce water resources are increasing. A major controversy is Rogun dam (RD) on the Vakhsh River, a tributary of the Amudarya River. The intent of RD is to supply energy revenue for Tajikistan, but a side effect may be the agricultural sector of Uzbekistan. Future water shortage may cost Uzbekistan over US $600 million annually in losses from...

Author(s): Shokhrukh-Mirzo Jalilov, Thomas M. DeSutter and Jay A. Leitch

The effect of inclined groins on the flow

September 2011

Hydraulic structures, such as pile dikes, groins, splitting dikes, have been constructed in natural rivers to improve the channel stability to bank or bed erosions by reducing flow velocity or changing flow direction. In order to produce better river environments, river flow mechanisms with the hydraulic structures need to be intensively studied. In this paper, an experimental flow field with non-overflow groins in a...

Author(s): Neveen B. Abdelmageed

A multi-objective optimization approach to groundwater management using genetic algorithm

August 2011

Management of groundwater resources is very important for regions where freshwater supply is naturally limited. Long-term planning of groundwater usage requires method-based new decision support tools. These tools must be able to predict the change in the groundwater storage with sufficient accuracy, and must allow exploring management scenarios with respect to different criteria such as sustainability and cost. So,...

Author(s): T. A. Saafan, S. H. Moharram, M. I. Gad and S. KhalafAllah

Monitoring trends of nitrate, chloride and phosphate levels in an urban river

August 2011

Concerns for the river environment in Malaysia are highlighted. There had been occurrences of inadequate supply for water in big cities and unexpected floods over the last few years. This paper discussed the results of ‘clean-up’ efforts of Gombak River which passes through several industrial areas and the City of Kuala Lumpur. The trends in the levels of nitrates, chlorides and phosphates present in the...

Author(s): Z. Ismail

Mapping of lineaments for groundwater targeting in the basement complex region of Ondo State, Nigeria, using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) techniques

August 2011

Sustainable groundwater supplies in the terrain underlying by crystalline basement rocks require lineament analyses for proper sitting of boreholes. This study was carried out to illustrate the application and importance of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques for efficient groundwater resource exploration and management. The study demonstrates the use of LANDSAT 7 ETM+ imagery, ASTER...

Author(s): K. A. Mogaji, O. S. Aboyeji and G. O. Omosuyi

Modeling the transport of suspended particulate matter by Kwa Ibo River, Umudike, South-eastern Nigeria: Implications for pollutant dispersion

July 2011

Modeling the transport of suspended particulate matter by the Kwa Ibo River, Umudike, south-eastern Nigeria is the focus of this paper. The model solves the 3D hydrodynamic equations and the suspended matter equations including advection/diffusion of particles, settling and deposition. It is aimed at assessing the extent of the interaction between the Kwa Ibo River and the viable groundwater wells located within the...

Author(s): M. U. Igboekwe and I. E. Udoinyang

Rondon project: Addressing water issues in socio-economically disadvantaged communities in Brazil

July 2011

The northeastern region of Brazil has embattled a severe drought for centuries making it almost impossible to supply the local communities with adequate drinking water.  As part of their outreach program the university of Zumbi dos Palmares was contracted by the Ministry of Defense to provide the necessary technical expertise to build a water cistern in the town of Maranhao. One of the project requirements was that...

Author(s): Marcio de Cassio Juliano, Clifford Louime and Renita W. Marshall

Integration of very low-frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and electrical resistivity methods in mapping subsurface geologic structures favourable to road failures

July 2011

An integrated geophysical survey involving very low-frequency electromagnetic (VLF–EM) and the dipole-dipole electrical resistivity methods was carried out along the Auchi-Ibillo road in Igarra, Nigeria with a view to examining factors responsible for road failures in the area. Analysis of very low frequency electromagnetic current density sections and dipole-dipole pseudo-sections were made along three traverses....

Author(s): Ozegin K. O., Oseghale A., Okolie E. C. and Ujuanbi O.

Salt weathering, bio-deterioration and rate of weathering of dimensional sandstone in ancient buildings of Aachen City, Germany

June 2011

  Over the last decade, the concept of stone decay being caused by one or two processes has been revised in favour of a more holistic notion that many operate together, cyclical or seasonal. Certain of these processes may become pre-dominant over others at a particular environment that enhances the impact of these process or processes. The rock's mineralogy is an effective factor in controlling rock's...

Author(s): Kamh G. M. E.

Estimate of bed load transport in Kubanni Watershed in Northern Nigeria using grain size distribution data

June 2011

  Representative bed material samples were taken from the gauging sites located on two rivers, Samaru River and Goruba River, in the Kubanni Watershed for sieve analysis to obtain the grain size distribution of the bed materials. The analyses of the grain size distribution showed that the bed load accounted for 7% of the total suspended sediment load of 19,039,450 kg/annum in the Kubanni Watershed. Samaru River...

Author(s): Adeogun B. K., Igboro S. B. and Ibrahim F. B.

Economic advantage of rainwater harvesting over water borehole: A sustainable development at the Extension Site Federal Polytechnic, Oko

May 2011

  This paper analyses the economic advantage of rainwater harvesting over water borehole. The management of the polytechnic (Oko Poly) believed since the year 2000 that the provision of water supply and sanitation services is an important basic need. And they also wish to ensure long-term sustainability of the facility. Water is an essential ingredient for maintaining life in an environment as well as a...

Author(s): Otti Victor

Geophysical evaluation of rock type impact on aquifer characterization in the basement complex areas of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria: Geo-electric assessment and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approach

May 2011

  Geoelectrical survey and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analysis were conducted in the hard-rock terrain areas of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria, with the view to determine impact of rock types on the variability of aquifer characteristics and their influence on the hydro geologic systems. The interpretation of the 414 sounding data indicates occurrence of 17 curve types which were used to...

Author(s): Mogaji K. A., Olayanju G. M. and Oladapo M. I

Hydrology, geomorphology and Rosgen classification of Doodhganga stream in Kashmir Himalaya, India

March 2011

  Hydrology and geomorphology of streams determine their physical state which in turn regulates the chemical and biological setup of these ecosystems. In the present study the hydrology and geomorphology of Doodhganga stream, which is one of the principle tributaries to the River Jhelum in the Valley of Kashmir (northern India), was worked out. Applicability of Rosgen stream classification, an important...

Author(s): Qazi Hussain A. and Ashok Pandit K.

Evaluation of mountain-front recharge estimation techniques for Southern New Mexico basins

March 2011

  Technically sound water management practices in arid to semi-arid regions require effective quantification of model input parameters. Mountain-front recharge is one of the most uncertain parameters in groundwater flow models due to the complexity of estimation. This paper evaluated three mountain-front recharge estimation techniques using a numerical model developed for the Southern Jornada Del Muerto Basin,...

Author(s): B. V. N. P. Kambhammettu,James P. King and Praveena Allena

Critical appraisal of an irrigation command and water productivity based on satellite remote sensing

February 2011

  Irrigation policy makers and managers need information on the irrigation performance and productivity of water at various scales to devise appropriate water management strategies, considering dwindling water availability, further threats due to continually rising population and food demand. It is often difficult to access sufficient water supply and use data to determine crop water consumption and irrigation...

Author(s): S. Shah and H. J. Dalwadi 

Radon and radium concentrations in 120 samples of drinking springs and rivers water sources of northwest regions of Mashhad

February 2011

  Radon makes up approximately half of the total dose of radiation were received naturally. The majority of it comes from the inhalation of progeny of 222Rn and is prominent in a closed atmosphere. The continuous measurement of the levels of 222Rn concentration in different geographical areas is of great importance, particularly in living places. In this study, the concentration of radium and...

Author(s): A. Binesh and H. Arabshahi

New technological root for regenerating demineralized water plants for safe environment

February 2011

  The experiments in this work were subjected to lab-scale ion exchangers unit, consists of two kinds of ion exchangers (strong acid cation exchanger and weak base anion exchangers). The experimental investigation was directed at studying a new method for regenerating the strongly acidic cation exchanger in the demineralized water unit using one concentration of sulfuric acid (5%) directly without any...

Author(s): Matheel D. Al-Sabti

Hydrogeochemical characterization of the coastal Paleocene aquifer of Togo (West Africa)

January 2011

  This paper presents a hydrogeochemical characterization of the Paleocene aquifer in the coastal basin of Togo. During the dry season (March, 2005), piezometric measurements were made on inventoried water wells. Fifty nine (59) water samples were taken for chemical analysis and the results subjected to statistical study. The quantitative variables considered for this purpose were temperature, pH, electrical...

Author(s):   Gnazou M. D. T., Bawa L. M.,  Banton O. and Djanéyé-Boundjou G.  

Stream flow forecasting using Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm approach

January 2011

  Many of the activities associated with the planning and operation of water resource systems require forecasts of future events. For the hydrologic component that forms the input for water resource systems, there is a need for both short and long term forecasts of stream flow events, in order to optimize the real-time operation of the system or to plan for future expansion. For this historical inflow series...

Author(s): Deepika Yadav, R. Naresh and V. Sharma

Determination of aquifer characteristics in Eket, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, using the vertical electrical sounding method

January 2011

    This work is about geoelectric investigation involving eight vertical electrical soundings carried out in Okon, Ofriyo, Idua, Ikot Udoma, Atabong, Mkpok, Afaha Eket and Ikot Eket in Eket local government area of Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria. The total current electrode spread varied from 300 m to 400 m and this depended on access roads, topography, human settlements and general infrastructure....

Author(s): Magnus Uzoma Igboekwe, Efurumibe Ezinna Lucky and Akaninyene Okon Akankpo

Socio-demographic differences in the evaluation of water resources planning in South West, Nigeria

January 2011

The study examined differences in public assessment of water resources planning in Oyo State (southwest, Nigeria) based on certain socio-demographic variables such as gender and socio-economic background. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the way public assessed the planning of water resources on the basis of the two socio-demographic variables. The implication of the findings were...

Author(s): A. A. Amori, A. O. Eruolaand A. A. Makinde  

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