International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 314

IJWREE Articles

Prediction of water table depth in a hard rock basin by using artificial neural network

June 2010

  The objectives of this study were to determine the factors that influence and control the water table fluctuation in a specific geomorphologic situation, to develop a forecasting model and examine its potential in predicting water table depth using limited data. Prediction of region specific water table fluctuation would certainly guide the way towards conceiving, designing and taking scientific measures to...

Author(s): Ranu Rani Sethi, A. Kumar, S. P. Sharma and H. C. Verma

The influence of water and sewage networks on residential water consumption

June 2010

  In this study a real case is used in order to evaluate the effect of the factors controlling the residential water demand in one of the suburb of the state of Kuwait. The study investigates the effect of having or not having water and sewage networks on the water demand. The importance of this study arises from the difference between the two studies residential areas in which one of them contains complete and...

Author(s): Falah A. Almottiri and Falah M. Wegian

Performance and kinetic evaluation of phenol biodegradation by mixed microbial culture in a batch reactor

May 2010

  Mixed microbial culture collected from effluent treatment plant of a coke oven industry has been studied for its phenol biodegrading potential under aerobic condition in a batch reactor. The result showed that, after acclimatization, the culture could biodegrade up to 700 mg/l of phenol. The results showed that specific growth rate of microorganisms and specific substrate degradation rate increased up to 300...

Author(s): Sudipta Deyand Somnath Mukherjee

Cadmium sorption by Moringa stenopetala and Moringa oleifera seed powders: Batch, time, temperature, pH and adsorption isotherm studies

May 2010

  There is a widespread recognition that the presence of heavy metals such as cadmium in water is hazardous to the environment and human health and their discharge into surface waters is of great concern world wide. The use of natural coagulants such as Moringa for heavy metal removal from water replacing expensive imported synthetic coagulants is particularly appropriate for agro-based developing...

Author(s):   L. M. Mataka, S. M. I. Sajidu, W. R. L. Masamba, and J. F. Mwatseteza

Hydro-meteorological correlations and relationships for estimating streamflow for Gangotri Glacier Basin in Western Himalayas

May 2010

  This study investigates the relationships between hydrological and meteorological data collected near the snout of Gangotri Glacier, Indian Himalayas for the different ablation seasons (May - October). The complete analysis employs a hydro- meteorological data series for a period of 7 years (2000 - 2006). The first 5 years data (2000 - 2004) was used for determining correlations, lag-cross-correlations and...

Author(s): Pratap Singh, Amit Kumar, Naresh Kumar and Naval kishore

Experimental study of methylene blue adsorption from aqueous solutions onto carbon nano tubes

March 2010

  In this work, batch adsorption experiments were carried out for the removal of methylene blue as a basic dye from aqueous solutions using carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The effects of major variables governing the efficiency of the process such as, temperature, initial dye concentration, CNTs dosage, and pH were investigated. Experimental results have shown that, the amount of dye adsorption increased with...

Author(s): Zohre Shahryari, Ataallah Soltani Goharrizi and Mehdi Azadi

Assessment of the dry and wet period severity with hydrometeorological index

March 2010

  The paper examines the existing condition of water resources for the basin of Çamlidere dam in the vicinity of capital city of Ankara, Turkey and highlights the hydrological elements that are mostly prone to the change of atmospheric conditions. After the evaluation of environmental conditions, the standardized precipitation index (SPI), standardized runoff index (SRI) and standardized potential...

Author(s): Fatih Keskin and Ali Unal Sorman

Determination of appropriate hydraulic conditions to decrease the negative impacts of Dez dam flushing operation on the

January 2010

  The Dez dam is located in the Southwest Iran and was constructed in 1963, with a height of 203 m and an underground powerhouse of 520 MW, because of the high rate reservoir sedimentation, in recent years, therefore, performing flushing operations through the three irrigation gates of the dam has received great attention. Due to the release of high concentrations of sediments, on the other hand, performing...

Author(s): H. Samadi-Boroujeni, A. H. Haghiabi and E. Ardalan

The use of saline water for irrigation in medicinal and aromatic plants farming

January 2010

  Nowadays we are all more conscious of the need to preserve fresh water. With the always increasing requirement for water by growing populations worldwide, it is understandable to try to find more uses for the plentiful saline water supplies that exist, mostly in the oceans. The poor quality irrigation water is an important problem in arid and semiarid regions of the world which include one third of the earth....

Author(s): Hossein Hassanpour Darvishi and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

Industrial sludge based adsorbents/ industrial by-products in the removal of reactive dyes – A review

January 2010

  Adsorption has been an effective separation process for non-biodegradable pollutants. Study of recovery of dyes reveals adsorption as an efficacious process. Many textile industries use commercial activated carbon for the treatment of dye waste. The current research is focused on the need to alternate commercial activated carbon with a cost effective, potential adsorbent. The major limitations in using...

Author(s): A. Geethakarthi and B. R. Phanikumar

Improvement of water treatment plants capacity and effluent quality by introducing "NINIVITE" as new filtration media

December 2009

  This work compares the performance of four types of filters, three of them are dual media/capping filters and the fourth is a single medium sand filter. The filters were made to operate with the same effective size and the same depth. These filter were subjected to the same operating conditions of filtration rates and influent turbidity. A new locally available filter medium called ninivite (recently...

Author(s): Sati M. Al-Rawi and Kahtan A. Al-Najjar

Scouring control of the eroded stilling basin: Case study, Namrood Dam

December 2009

  Local scouring immediately downstream of stilling basin is unavoidable local velocity exceeds incipient motion velocity. This phenomenon causes a difference level between concrete floor of basin and river bed. In such circumstances a riprap is normally used to prevent the development of scouring hole. In this study, hydraulic model of Namrood dam is used to estimate stone size that is able to resist scouring...

Author(s): H. Taebi and M. Fathi-Moghadam

Hydrological modeling of the Kihansi river catchment in South Central Tanzania using SWAT model

October 2009

  This study presents distributed and lumped hydrological modeling approaches for the Kihansi river catchment in south central Tanzania using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The catchment is source of water for the Lower Kihansi Hydropower Plant (LKHP) that supplies 25% power to the national grid and the bio-diverse gorge eco-system in lower Kihansi Basin. In the distributed modeling sub-watersheds...

Author(s): Birhanu Zemadim Birhanu

Introducing sand filter capping for turbidity removal for potable water treatment plants of Mosul/Iraq

October 2009

  Sand filter capping had been tried as an alternative for the currently practiced rapid sand filters. A 1000 m3/day capacity pilot plant constructed similarly to full scale water treatment plants was used for this purpose. Four levels of sand material with respect to grain size and thickness were used. Capping filter was represented by one level of anthracite coal with one thickness. In order to optimize...

Author(s): S. M. Al-Rawi

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