International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 314

IJWREE Articles

Risk assessment of cyanobacteria-toxins for small drinking water treatment plants with lake water intakes

June 2017

Recent increases in the frequency and severity of toxic algae blooms in freshwater lakes has been a major concern for small communities that rely on them for drinking water supply. A hazard quotient approach to risk characterization is employed to analyze the effectiveness of five conventional treatment methods for removal of cyanotoxins. The application of the method for risk assessment and mitigation is demonstrated...

Author(s): Uche A. Uduma, Edward A. McBean and Bahram Gharabaghi

Irrigation water quality of River Kulfo and its implication in irrigated agriculture, South West Ethiopia

June 2017

Irrigation is a common agricultural practice for farmers in the periphery of flowing rivers in Ethiopia. In the south west Ethiopia, fruits and vegetables are majorly produced under irrigation where the mode of irrigation is by pumping water from flowing rivers. Irrigated agriculture has only been linked to the availability of water in physical terms, while the quality of water is significantly important for sustainable...

Author(s): Molla Mekonnen Alemu and Fitsume Yemenu Desta

Evaluation of water supply and demand: The case of Shambu town, Western Oromia, Ethiopia

May 2017

Shambu town has faced a problem of potable water supply, still large number of people did not have access to adequate amount of potable water and frequent water interruption is a common problem.  The objective of this research was to evaluate the existing water pressure map and water demand. To achieve this goal, the following input data were collected, base population, growth rate, and pressure map of the area,...

Author(s): Mulatu Kassa

Rainfall-runoff relation and runoff estimation for Holetta River, Awash subbasin, Ethiopia using SWAT model

May 2017

The hydrology of Holetta River and its seasonal variability is not fully studied. In addition to this, due to scarcity of the available surface water and increase in water demand for irrigation, the major users of the river are facing a problem of allocating the available water. Therefore, the aim of this research was to investigate the water availability of Holetta River using Geographical Information Systems (GIS)...

Author(s): Mahtsente Tibebe, Assefa M. Melesse and Dereje Hailu

Characterization of Beles River Basin of Blue Nile sub-Basin in North-Western Ethiopia using Arc-Hydro tools in Arc-GIS

May 2017

Ethiopia is constantly affected by shortage of water for rain-fed agriculture, mainly because of lack of proper water resources utilization and management practices. For the efficient use of available surface water resources with balanced attention to maximize economic, social, and environmental benefits, it is necessary to have effective integrated water resources assessments and planning. Beles River Basin is one of...

Author(s): Ashebir Haile Tefera

Geostatistical study of the spatial variability of groundwater parameters in Afikpo and Ohaozara, Southeastern Nigeria

April 2017

Abortive boreholes and parched wells, ascribed to the difficulty in understanding the hydrogeology of the aquifer by water borehole drillers, pose great concern to the people of the region. Mapping the spatial variability of water table depth (WTD) (m) and aquifer thickness H (m) is a vital step in optimal utilization of groundwater resources. Thus, the aim of this paper is to investigate the spatial variability of the...

Author(s): Robert Egwu Otu Iduma, Tamunoene Kingdom Simeon Abam and Etim Daniel Uko

Impact of climate change on Lake Chamo Water Balance, Ethiopia

April 2017

One of the most significant potential concerns of climate change is to understand changes in hydrological components and subsequent change in lakes water balance. In view of this study, the water balance components such as surface water inflow from gauged and ungauged sub-watersheds, precipitation and evaporation pattern of the natural reservoir and their associated impacts vis-à-vis altering the water balance of...

Author(s): Elias Gebeyehu

Review on participatory small-scale irrigation schemes and small-scale rainwater harvesting technology development and its contribution to household food security in Ethiopia

March 2017

This review aims to compile the past, present and future trends of participatory small-scale irrigation schemes (PSSIS) and small-scale rainwater harvesting technology (SSRWHT) development to ensure household food security in Ethiopia. It discusses the Ethiopian PSSIS and SSRWHT development based on the historical backgrounds, current conditions of development and its contributions to the national economy, challenges...

Author(s): Tadesse Mosissa and Baihilu Bezabih

Review on distribution, importance, threats and consequences of wetland degradation in Ethiopia

March 2017

Wetlands are the ecosystems that are found on the interface between land and water. It is also areas of marsh, ponds and swamps, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water, that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salty, including areas of marine water, the depth of which at low tide, does not exceed six meters. Although, wetlands by nature are dynamic ecosystems, anthropogenic activities...

Author(s): Bahilu Bezabih and Tadesse Mosissa

Assessing the groundwater vulnerability in the upper aquifers of Zarqa River Basin, Jordan using DRASTIC, SINTACS and GOD methods

February 2017

Groundwater vulnerability is an overlay method that is used to determine the ability of pollutants to penetrate the aquifer and harming it. This method helps decision makers by highlighting expected areas to be polluted. In Jordan, groundwater is the main water resource the country uses to match its demand. The groundwater basins in Jordan are divided into 12 major basins; some are rechargeable and others are fossil....

Author(s): Alsharifa Hind Mohammad

Status of wetlands valleyed in a hilly region of North East India - A review

February 2017

A key to future sustenance of human societies lies in the sustainable management and wise use of Wetlands. Wetlands are frequently referred to as Kidneys of Landscape; are amongst the most productive ecosystems on the earth and any alterations might lead to changes in their bio-physical, socio-economic and climatic conditions. Due to various factors like rapid urbanization, industrialization and agricultural activities;...

Author(s): Thiyam Tamphasana Devi, Bakimchandra Oinam, Ngangbam Romeji Singh and Maisnam Bipinchandra Singh

Comparative assessment of soil and nutrient losses from three land uses in the central highlands of Ethiopia

January 2017

Land use/land cover change drive changes in several ecosystem processes over short and long terms. In Ethiopia, the main land use/land cover change involves conversion of natural ecosystem into cultivated land. However, a recent change also involves conversion of cultivated and grazing land into Eucalyptus woodlots. This study was conducted to analyse the effects of such land use/land cover change on soil and nutrient...

Author(s): Daniel Jaleta, Boniface P. Mbilinyi, Henry F. Mahoo and Mulugeta Lemenih

Impact of climate change on hydrological responses of Gumara catchment, in the Lake Tana Basin - Upper Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopia

January 2017

Predictions of the impacts of climate change on the intensity, amount, and spatial and temporal variability of rainfall and temperature are required. The aim of this study was to assess the status of climate change and hydrological response to climate change for Gumara River sub-basin. Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM 4.2) was used to downscale HadCM3A2a and HadCM3B2a predictors into finer scale resolution. To...

Author(s): Andargachew Melke and Fantahun Abegaz

Evidence based review of Legionella elimination in building water systems

January 2017

Legionnaires disease can be acquired through exposure to Legionella pneumophila, a gram-negative bacteria ubiquitous in both natural and engineered water systems. Over the years, a number of disinfection techniques notably, chlorination, ozonation, thermal, UV and copper-silver ionization have been employed across different kinds of engineered water systems with diverse measures of success. Available evidence portends,...

Author(s): M. D. Sedzro, R. A. Banu and M. O. Akrong

Downscaling daily precipitation and temperatures over the Langat River Basin in Malaysia: A comparison of two statistical downscaling approaches

December 2016

Increasing greenhouse gas concentrations can cause future changes in the climate system that have a major impact on the hydrologic cycle. To realize and predict future climate parameters, the Atmosphere-Ocean Global Climate Models (AOGCMs) are common employed tools to predict the future changes in climate parameters. The statistical downscaling methods have been applied as a practical tool to bridge the spatial...

Author(s): Mahdi Amirabadizadeh, Abdul Halim Ghazali, Yuk Feng Huang and Aimrun Wayayok

Assessment of trace elements in selected bottled drinking water in Ghana: A case study of Accra metropolis

December 2016

Public perception of bottled drinking water as the cleanest and safest source of drinking water in the world and particularly Ghana, has led to their increasing demand though being pricey. In this study, we present the results of the health-related trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in 10 selected popular bottled drinking water brands sourced from Accra metropolis, Ghana. These include BonAqua Premium drinking...

Author(s): Emmanuel Daanoba Sunkari and Iliya Bauchi Danladi

Analysis of community led total sanitation and its impacts on groundwater and health hygiene

November 2016

This study was carried out to determine the magnitude to which Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach leads to improved sanitation and its potential threats to groundwater quality and health of people. A comparative study was carried out between eight CLTS and non CLTS villages to measure the outcomes of CLTS approach. Water samples were collected to assess the level of contamination in groundwater sources near...

Author(s): Ihsan Ullah Khan, Shams Ali Baig, Bahadar Nawab, Tahir Mahmood and Ingrid Nyborg

Treatment of a mahewu processing plant wastewater using coagulant Ferrifloc 1820

September 2016

Wastewater from a mahewu processing plant was collected for characterisation and jar testing using Ferrifloc 1820 and a combination of Ferrifloc 1820 and the polyelectrolyte Magnafloc. Treatment showed that Ferrifloc 1820 caused a statistically significant decrease on both the chemical oxygen demand (COD)  and oil and grease content of the wastewater. The mean decrease for the COD using Ferrifloc 1820 was 65.24%...

Author(s): Wadzanai Fortune Mareesa and Sherpard Manhokwe

Combined effects of municipal and industrial wastes on the quality of the new northern Calabar River, Nigeria

September 2016

This study was conducted to investigate the combined effects of municipal and industrial waste discharges on the quality of the new northern Calabar River in the Niger Delta province (5.317°N, 6.467°E) of Nigeria. Water samples were collected in June 2015 from five regions along the stretch of the river. The five regions comprised three observed pollution sources (abattoir, open market, and noodle factory) and...

Author(s): Reuben N. Okparanma, Raphael B. Jumbo and Faith N. Chukwu

Hydrological classification of the Besease inland valley bottom in Ghana for crop production using the water table fluctuation method

August 2016

The shapes and forms of piezometric hydrographs arising from the recharging and discharging of unconfined aquifers offer a hydrological tool for the classifications of inland valley bottoms in Ghana for crop production. A two-year measured water table fluctuations at Besease wetlands were plotted on a reference scale of time in months on the x-axis and hydraulic head on the y-axis. The water table fluctuation method was...

Author(s): Atta-Darkwa T., Akolgo G. A., Kyei-Baffour N., Agyare W. A. and Abagale F. K.

Wet and dry spell analysis for decision making in agricultural water management in the eastern part of Ethiopia, West Haraghe

August 2016

The objective this study was to analyze the dry and wet spell of the main and small rainy season in the eastern part of Ethiopia, West Haraghe. Markov Chain model was employed to investigate the extent and characteristics of the dry and wet spell in the study sites. Accordingly, the results exhibited that the chance of having wet dekades is relatively higher (greater than 50% of probability of occurrences) during last...

Author(s): Konjit Sifer, Fitsume Yemenu, Asfaw Kebede and Shoeb Quarshi

Analysis of water quality of Selameko man-made reservoir using physico-chemical parameters for fishery, Debre Tabor, South Gondar (Ethiopia)

July 2016

Water quality is connected with physical, chemical and biological (including bacteriological) characteristics and these characteristics are determined the healthy status of any aquatic ecosystem. To determine whether the water quality of Selameko reservoir is good for fishing, physico-chemical parameters measurements were made. Water quality parameters, such as temperature, water transparency, water depth, dissolved...

Author(s): Tilahun Adugna and Ayale Wondie

Status of Kigezi minor Lakes: A limnological survey in the Lakes of Kisoro, Kabale and Rukungiri Districts

June 2016

A limnological survey was conducted in six Lakes: Mulehe, Mutanda, Kayumbu, Chahafi, Bunyonyi and Nakasanda, of South-Western Uganda (SWU) in September 2014. The baseline survey aimed at characterizing the high altitude water bodies for enhanced future fisheries productivity. The results indicated that Lake Nakasanda had the highest temperature (24°C). Although other physic-chemical conditions of the water bodies...

Author(s): Papius Dias M. Tibihika, William Okello, Alex Barekye, Dismas Mbabazi, Jimmy Omony and Vincent Kiggundu

Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of pathogenic bacterial isolates of public health concern from Lake Hawassa water, Ethiopia

May 2016

This study was aimed to identify and test the antibiotic sensitivity of bacterial isolates of public health concern from Lake Hawassa. Human and livestock activities in and around the lake adversely influence the quality of the lake water and pose a health risk for those people which are being exposed to the water. Therefore identifying pathogenic bacterial isolates and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern can be...

Author(s): Tolessa Muleta, Etana Debela and Ofgea Kenesa Chali

Continuous and stochastic methods for modeling rain drop growth in clouds

April 2016

Two models for raindrop growth in clouds are developed and compared with an interpretation to elucidate the rain drop relationship among both the models. A continuous accretion model is solved numerically for drop growth from 20 to 50 microns, using a polynomial approximation to the collection kernel, and is shown to underestimate growth rates. A Monte Carlo simulation for stochastic growth have also been implemented to...

Author(s): Rehan Siddiqui and Brendan M. Quine,

Spatial and temporal variability of dry spell lengths and indication of climate change in rainfall extremes at Tekeze River Basin, Ethiopia

April 2016

Understanding weather extremes and climate variability both in space and time based on historical surface observed climate data at watershed is very crucial as it is used as in put for applying the seasonal forecast given by National Hydrological and Meteorological Agencies, in decision making in agricultural activities, water resources projects, rainfall-runoff modeling, and for drought risk identification and...

Author(s): Michale Gebrekiros Gebreselassie and Semu Ayalew Moges

Two offers to prevent excessive water consumption: A proposal for industrial design departments of universities

March 2016

Water resources play an important role in the development of the socio-economic status of a country. The world’s population increased from one billion to six billions in less than 200 years. With the rapid increase in population and advancement in technology, demand for water increases steadily and the limited amount of available fresh water sources are subjected to severe environmental problems. Available fresh...

Author(s): Murat Sönmez

Effect of blended irrigation water quality on soil physico-chemical properties and cotton yield in Middle Awash Basin Ethiopia

January 2016

Awash River is the main irrigation water source for mechanized farms and small land farmers established in the Basin for the last few decades. Recently, with the rise of Beseka Lake, the amount of discharging rate into the Awash has been a serious concern to Agricultural Production in the Middle and Lower Awash Areas. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Beseka Lake on irrigation water quality, soil...

Author(s): Elias kebede Hailu, Brook Abate and Tilahun Hordofa

Physical, chemical and bacterial analysis of drinking water: Kakua Chiefdom, BO district, Sierra Leone

January 2016

Water makes the difference between living and non-living things, base on this there is a strong need to look at the chemistry, to make sure that it is free from contamination because of chemical reaction that take place in the living cell. In the case of this study, it is critical to determine the quality of the water supplied, because of the chemical reaction. This study analyzes 10 representative well water systems...

Author(s): Yahaya Kudush Kawa, John Paul Kaisam, J. P. Moiwo  and Victoria Kabia

Modeling of contaminant transport in 10th of Ramadan City Area, East Delta, Egypt

December 2015

The establishment of new communities and land reclamation projects in the Egyptian desert areas is one of the most important national targets. One of these areas is the 10th of Ramadan city. The main goal of the study is concerned with delineation of groundwater contaminants plume in the future. The results show that; the ions concentrations of most samples from the oxidation ponds resources contain concentrations of...

Author(s): S. Khalaf and Mohammed Ibrahim Gad

Water planning and management in sustainable new town building, the case of Ramshar

November 2015

The focus of this paper is on new town building in hydro drought regions. It looks at new town building from the sustainability perspective; especially it discusses the supply and distribution of water in the new towns. The aim of this paper is to resolve a dilemma in the arid regions. One side a much demand for new towns because of the population growth and other side the water anxiety is being a key reason hindering...

Author(s): Abdol Aziz Shahraki

Classical and Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) modeling of extreme rainfall (1979-2014) in Makurdi, Nigeria

November 2015

This study presents a probabilistic model for daily extreme rainfall. The Annual Maximum Series (AMS) data of daily rainfall in Makurdi was fitted to Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution using Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) and Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (Bayesian MCMC) simulations. MLE is a reliable principle to derive an efficient estimator for a model as sample size approaches infinity. Results in...

Author(s): Martins Okechukwu Isikwue, Sam Baba Onoja and David Samson Naakaa

A challenge of sustaining water supply and sanitation under growing population: A case of the Gezira State, Sudan

November 2015

The challenge of securing future water supply and sanitation services for an increasing population requires continued efforts to satisfy the future needs. This paper focuses on water availability and sanitation services under growing population taking Gezira State, Sudan, as the case. Future projection of the population was predicted based on the 2.2% growth rate. Data on water sources, quantities and sanitation was...

Author(s): Eltigani Elnour Bashier, Nabil Hamid Bashir, Ahmed Mohamadani, Sami Omer Elamin and Samira Hamid Abdelrahman

Interim environmental influence of oil exploration on human lives in Ghana: a case of Half Assini and Efaso

October 2015

This paper focused on the interim environmental influence of oil and gas exploration activities on human lives in the Half Assini and Efaso communities in Jomoro District of the Western region of Ghana. Two stage sampling technique was used. It employed purposive sampling of residents living in the Jubilee Oil field environs. After, simple random sampling was used to select 300 respondents from the study area out of a...

Author(s): Abigail A. Aryeh-Adjei, Alidu Abdul-Fatahi and Fadila Mohammed

Assessment of contribution of major rivers inflow into the Dongting Lake, China

October 2015

The development associated with rapid industrialization and urbanization in Dongting Lake region has been more complex due to large water demand. Therefore study of water variation within the lake region is necessary for wetland protection, conservation and its sustainable management. In this study monitoring of different Hydrological Control Stations, the calculation and analysis was carried out over 2014 based on...

Author(s): Telesphore Habiyakare,  Zhou Nianqing and Shen Xinping

Aerobic mesophilic treatment of potato industry wastewater

July 2015

An evaluation of a laboratory-scale aerobic method for the treatment of potato-processing wastewater at 37°C was investigated. Composite samples were collected to establish batch variations. The wastewater was characterized for Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Permanganate Value (PV), Total Solids (TS), phosphates and pH over a period of 6 months. Wastewater with an average of 6.8 g COD/l, high concentration of total...

Author(s): Manhokwe S., Parawira W. and Zvidzai C.

Impact of human population and household latrines on groundwater contamination in Igboora Community, Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, South-western Nigeria

June 2015

In Nigeria, lack of good potable water has always been a major problem; hence many homes have wells as a source of water for household uses. The objectives of this study are to determine the predominant sources (human or livestock) of fecal pollution in wells and concentrations of fecal bacteria and pathogens in well water. Thirty Five samples of well water in different places in Igboora community were analyzed for...

Author(s): Tairu H. M., Kolawole T. A., Adaramola K. A., Oladejo S. M., Oladokun P. O. and Bada T. V.

An economic assessment of the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) on performance indicators of water resource management in West Africa: A suggested strategy for avoiding the eminent international water wars

May 2015

Using data from 16 West African countries, this paper examines the links between Per Capita Income, Trade and Financial indicators, Education and Freedom indicators. Others are internet users, broadband and mobile cell phone subscribers. Meanwhile fresh water supply (which is assumed as a bench mark public sector-led water resource management performance indicators) and access to safe drinking water (a bench mark...

Author(s): Sule Magaji and Eke, Chukwuemeka Ifegwu

Numerical simulation of groundwater recharge from an injection well

May 2015

This paper presents the numerical simulation of groundwater recharge from a point source, that is, injection well using Explicit Finite Difference Model (FDFLOW) and Galerkin Finite Element Model (FEFLOW). The proposed model aims at simulation of groundwater flow in two-dimensional, transient, unconfined aquifer for a chosen synthetic Test Case. These models are validated with reported analytical solutions for a test...

Author(s): N. H. Kulkarni

Water quality index of fresh water streams feeding Wular Lake, in Kashmir Himalaya, India

April 2015

The quality of drinking water is of vital concern for human health and life. The present investigation was aimed at assessing the water quality index (WQI) of five fresh water streams feeding Wular lake. Analysis of the data revealed that the WQI values ranged from a minimum of 45.4 to a maximum of 48.9. Among the study sites, Makdhoomyari stream showed higher values of WQI while as lowest was shown by Madhumati....

Author(s): Sayar Yaseen, Ashok K. Pandit and Javaid Ahmad Shah

Evaluation of the water quality status of Lake Hawassa by using water quality index, Southern Ethiopia

April 2015

Lake Hawassa is one of the eight Major Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes and the smallest among them which is situated in southern regional state; it is a closed basin system and receives water from only perennial Tikurwuha River and runoff from the catchment areas. It is an important source of water for surrounding rural communities for various uses like domestic, irrigation, livestock watering, fishing and recreation....

Author(s): Adimasu Woldesenbet Worako

Irrigation system in Israel: A review

March 2015

The objective of this paper was to review the irrigation system of Israel and to identify the most common irrigation methods used for safe, efficient and sustainable agricultural production in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Israel is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and characterized by desert and semi-desert climatic conditions. Major constraints of the country include: Frequent...

Author(s): Girma Megersa and Jemal Abdulahi

Policy interventions in watershed management: The case of the Inchaban Watershed, Ghana

March 2015

Before the twentieth century, watershed management in most Ghanaian communities relied solely on religious-based restrictions such as the use of taboos and sacred groves, to deter people from encroaching on watersheds. However, the advents of Christianity, western education, and urbanization, and the desire to develop the resources of the country have reduced the effectiveness and respect for traditional restrictions...

Author(s): O. D. Mireku and A. K. Mensah

Assessment of impact of climate change on runoff in the Kainji lake basin using statistical methods

February 2015

This paper presents the assessment of impact of climate change on the runoff in the Kainji Lake basin. Hydro-meteorological variables within River Niger sub-basin in Nigeria and upstream countries were obtained from Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), Nigeria Inland Waterways (NIWA) and hydrological unit of Kainji hydropower station. The variables were subjected to regression and standardized anomaly indices (SAIs)...

Author(s): A. W. Salami, A. A. Mohammed, J. A. Adeyemo and O. K. Olanlokun

Rainwater harvesting: An option for dry land agriculture in arid and semi-arid Ethiopia

February 2015

Subsistence rain-fed agriculture has been widely practiced for many centuries in Ethiopia and this sector has been highly dependent on rainfall. Thus, rainfall remains the crucial component of the weather elements for improving agricultural productivity. Extreme climatic conditions and high inter-annual or seasonal variability of this weather element could adversely affect productivity, because rainfall controls the...

Author(s): Binyam Alemu Yosef and Desale Kidane Asmamaw

Environmental impact assessment of the potability of water from bore-hole, hand dug well and stream at Itagunmodi gold deposits Southwestern, Nigeria using FORTRAN algorithm for monitoring leachates and interpreting physicochemical data of contaminants in groundwater

January 2015

This study determined the quality of surface and underground water in Itagunmodi in Nigeria. Physicochemical analysis of water samples collected within gold mining area and the water consumed in the town was carried out to determine their hygienic conditions. The major objective of this study was assessment degree of groundwater pollution around the mining sites and the available water consumed in the town. Four major...

Author(s): Adetoyinbo A. A., Adelegan F. T. and Bello A. K.

Spatial-temporal estimation of evapotranspiration over Black Volta of West Africa

December 2014

Evapotranspiration is an important component necessary for ensuring efficient management of water resources for every river basin. The Bui Hydroelectric Plant completed early 2014 to provide electricity for the people of Ghana is located within the Black Volta River Basin of West Africa. With the construction of this plant and related developments, there is a need for attention to be paid to the conservation of water...

Author(s): Amos T. Kabo-bah, G. K. Anornu, Eric Ofosu, Robert Andoh and Kamila Justyna Lis

Contamination of groundwater due to underground coal gasification

December 2014

Underground coal gasification (UCG) generates potential groundwater pollution because it changes local hydrogeological parameters. Groundwater pollution is caused by diffusion and penetration of contaminants generated by UCG processes towards surrounding strata and possible leaching of residue by natural groundwater flow after gasification. A large number of hazardous water-borne contaminants were identified during...

Author(s): R. P. Verma, , R. Mandal, S. K. Chaulya, P. K. Singh, A. K. Singh and G. M. Prasad

Investigation of groundwater flow heterogeneity in fractured aquifers (Case study: Qusiema area, North Sinai)

December 2014

Fractured aquifer is considered as a main promising aquifer in northeastern boarders of Egypt where the Nubian aquifer is deep. The groundwater exploration and evaluation are the main objectives of the present study. Some localities were carefully selected for applying the geophysical techniques to achieve the goal of the study. Both the Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) and horizontal profiling techniques of direct...

Author(s): Osama Abdel Raouf

Critical analysis of existing economic tools available for assessing river water quality

December 2014

This review paper critically analyzes the economic literature on the approaches of measuring the environmental benefits. It focuses on the economic methodologies that are available for the evaluation of the effects (social costs and benefits) of environmental changes (degradation/preservation) on river water quality. Further, it shows how the monetary valuations of these effects can have an impact in making of economic...

Author(s): Sudevi Basu and Lokesh K. S

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