International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 328

IJWREE Articles

Flow system, physical properties and heavy metals concentration of groundwater: A case study of an area within a municipal landfill site

November 2013

Groundwater within the Olusosun landfill site in Lagos Metropolis was evaluated. Previous research on quality parameters of groundwater in the area made use of equipment of low detection capacity for heavy metals concentrations in water. Also, subsurface flow and significant attenuation of leachate due to horizontal distance between wells and landfill site are yet to be technically elucidated. In the present...

Author(s): Adebisi, N. O., Oluwafemi, O. S., Songca, S. P. and Haruna, I.

Application of synthetic unit hydrograph methods to construct storm hydrographs

November 2013

Synthetic unit hydrograph methods were used to generate unit hydrographs for the Awun River Basin in Kwara State, Nigeria. The synthetic methods used were those of Snyder’s, Soil Conservation Service (SCS), and Gray’s. The study watershed has a maximum relief of 183 m with an area of 954 km2 and a slope of 0.15%. The unit hydrograph peak flows for the methods employed ranged from 100.15 to 318.65 m3/s while...

Author(s): B. F. Sule and S. A. Alabi

Climate smart water conservation management technologies

October 2013

  Water resources of country constitute one of its vital assets. Water sustains aquatic biodiversity, economic development and ecological integrity of environment. Water is a powerful indicator of ecological sustainability and economic prosperity. The country receives average annual rainfall of 4000 billion cubic meters (BCM). The rainfall of India show highest spatial and temporal variation of about 100 mm...

Author(s): Mukesh Kumar, G. T. Patle, Manoj Khanna and J.C.Dagar

Regional approach for the estimation of extreme daily precipitation on North-east area of Algeria

October 2013

  Information on precipitation values ​​and their frequencies is needed in various projects related to water.In this study, the regional frequency analysis based on L-moments was used to estimate the annual maximum daily precipitation quantiles at any site in an area located in the north east of Algeria. The investigated...

Author(s): Tamara Benabdesselam and Hocine Amarchi

Spatial and temporal variations of river water quality: A case study of River Kabini at Nanjangud in Karnataka

October 2013

Water pollution is alarming all over the globe and necessitates better understanding of spatial and temporal variations of pollutants in the rivers. In this study, the data sets of 8 water quality monitoring stations in River Kabini at Nanjangud which comprised of 10 water quality parameters monitored monthly over 12 years (2000-2011) are used. Temporal variation of the physico-chemical parameters in each station is...

Author(s): Sudevi Basu and K S. Lokesh

Geochemical investigation of geothermal power potential exploration of hot springs in South-western Tanzania

October 2013

  Geochemical investigation of the power potential of Songwe geothermal prospect in south-western Tanzania within the East African Rift Valley was carried out. The thermal geochemistry was studied by collecting and analysing samples from 14 hotsprings. The maximum discharge of thermal water occurs at the northern part of the prospect, at the bottom of a travertine cliff, 35 km above River Songwe level, at a...

Author(s): Lightness J. Mnzava and Aloyce W. Mayo

Artificial neural network simulation of ground water levels in uplands of a coastal tropical riparian

September 2013

  Wetlands play an important role in the ecological balance of the coastal region. Understanding groundwater level behaviour in uplands is important for the management and the development of coastal tropical riparian wetland. Artificial Neural Networks has proved to be robust techniques in modeling and prediction of hydrological processes. This paper presents the application of ANNs to model groundwater levels...

Author(s): Shivakumar. J. Nyamathi, Bharath. R and A. V. Hegde

Impact of soil organic matter on the sorption and phase distribution of 20% butanol-blended gasoline in the vadose zone

September 2013

  Batch microcosm experiments were conducted to examine the impact of soil organic matter (SOM) on the sorption and phase distribution of 20% butanol-blended gasoline (B20) compounds in the vadose zone. SOM was found to promote the sorption of B20 gasoline compounds in the vadose zone. It also affected the phase distribution of B20 gasoline compounds in the vadose zone by increasing adsorption on the soil solid...

Author(s): Ejikeme Ugwoha and John M. Andresen

Advancing stormwater management practice in Iran using water sensitive urban design approach

September 2013

  More than 350 cities of Iran are subject to floods every year and flood phenomena cause annual 1,500,000,000,000 Rials loss to Iran. The reason for floods lie with lack of appropriate water management systems in terms of stormwater management. Current status of Iran water management calls for imitating the successful experience of other countries. The aim of this paper is to review better management...

Author(s): Mohammadhossein Kashefizadeh, Zulkifli bin Yusop and Ali Hekmat

Using electronic signals and neural networks to monitor the performance of an anaerobic bioreactor

September 2013

  More than 350 cities of Iran are subject to floods every year and flood phenomena cause annual 1,500,000,000,000 Rials loss to Iran. The reason for floods lie with lack of appropriate water management systems in terms of stormwater management. Current status of Iran water management calls for imitating the successful experience of other countries. The aim of this paper is to review better management...

Author(s): Willie F. Harper, Jr. and Taewoo Yi

Numerical simulation of groundwater of large-scale irrigation in Northern China: Case of Baoyang Irrigation Area, Shaanxi, China

September 2013

  The numerical simulation of groundwater for the single aquifer layer system of Baoyang irrigation area was performed. Visual MODFLOW was carried out to estimate the sustainability of the groundwater resource and to delineate suitable plan for future groundwater use. The conceptual model was built by analyzing the hydrogeological data, aquifer properties, pumping wells, head observations; etc. A groundwater...

Author(s): HUSSEIN I. Ahmed, Junmin LIU and ZHANG –Yinqin

Spatial strategies for flood vulnerability analysis and long term scenario with geographic information system (GIS) in Sirajganj, Bangladesh

September 2013

  Flood is a natural hazard resulting from extreme meteorological events which cause an unexpected threat to human lives and properties. Flood stems from the probability that a major hazard event will occur in a well-defined area and it will impacts negatively, in particular on the people and their welfare. Flood protection planning is a very important step which helps not only to rescue the people affected by...

Author(s): Md. Abu Zafer Siddik and Mursheda Rahman

Study of geosynthetic clay liner layers effect on decreasing soil pollution in the bed of sanitary land fills

August 2013

  According to importance of preventing pollution of soil by leachate in the landfills, the bed of landfills has to be designed in the way that it can prevent soil pollution. This research has studied the effect of geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) layer to decrease soil pollution in the bed of landfills. Two different kind of soil were transferred to laboratory for doing experiments. In the first step, the...

Author(s): Rouhollah Soltani Goharrizi, Fazlollah Soltani and Bahador Abolpour

Pump functional response at air- entraining vortex occurrence

August 2013

  Varied decay response function (α), was used to evaluate the effect of water depth and time on pump functional response to vortex occurrences. High water depths at any time interval increased vortex occurrences. Decay response function of pumps peaked at water depth of 0.32 m. Relationship between response function and time duration of air-entraining vortex occurrence was established. Relationship...

Author(s):   Okoro, B. C.

Hydrogeophysical and hydrochemical analysis of shallow water wells around Ire-Akari area, Akure southwestern Nigeria

August 2013

  The hydrogeophysical and hydrochemical analysis of the shallow wells around Ire-Akari area Orita-Obele Akure, Ondo state was carried out to understand the geologic layer constituting the aquifer, its suitability or otherwise as source of potable / drinking water and the tendency of the overburden to naturally protect the aquifer. The result of the hydrochemical analysis showed that most of the physio-chemical...

Author(s):   A. O. Adelusi, M. Ayuk and J. S. Kayode

Investigation of soil and water salinity, its effect on crop production and adaptation strategy

August 2013

  Bangladesh is a deltaic country with total area of 147,570 km2. The  major part (80%) of the country consists of alluvial sediments deposited by the river Ganges, Brahmaputra, Tista, Jamuna, Meghna and their tributaries. The coastal region covers almost 29,000 sq. km or about 20% of the country. Moreover, the coastal areas of Bangladesh cover more than 30% of the cultivable lands of the country. About...

Author(s): H. M. Rasel, M. R. Hasan, B. Ahmed and M. S. U. Miah

Comparison of spectrophotometric methods using cuvette tests and national standard methods for analysis of wastewater samples

August 2013

  The suitability of spectrophotometric methods using cuvette tests (CT) for determination of ammonia (NH4+-N), nitrates (NO3--N), total phosphates (РО43--Р) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) in real wastewater were evaluated by comparison with corresponding Bulgarian national standard methods (BS). The CT methods are based on measuring of ready-to-use cuvettes (bar-coded reagent...

Author(s): Sonya Dimitrova, Nadejda Taneva, Kapka Bojilova, Vesela Zaharieva, Svetlana Lazarova, Mariana Koleva, Rumen Arsov and Tony Venelinov

Geospatial study on morphometric characterization of Umtrew River basin of Meghalaya, India

August 2013

  Geospatial technology that is, remote sensing (RS), geographical information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) have proved to be an efficient tool in the field of modern day geographical and geological studies. GIS and Remote sensing techniques have been adopted for the identification of different morphological features and to analyze their existence in a hilly river basin of Meghalaya plateau,...

Author(s): Pranjit Kumar Sarma, Kalyanjit Sarmah, Prem Kr.Chetri and Ankita Sarkar

Application of AquaCrop model in deficit irrigation management of cabbages in Keiyo Highlands

July 2013

Crop growth can be simulated under different water application using simulation models. The main purpose of deficit irrigation is high water productivity with less application of water to plants. In this research, the potential of AquaCrop to simulate the growth of cabbages in Keiyo Highlands (0°22’45’’N and 35°32’9”, 2586 m.a.s.l) under nine different irrigation treatments in the...

Author(s): Kiptum C. K, Kipkorir E. C, Munyao T. M and J. M. Ndambuki

Study of double breakpoints during chlorination of River Yamuna water, Delhi, India

July 2013

  A study on chlorination of raw Yamuna River water is reported in this study. Samples were chlorinated with increasing doses of standard chlorine water and residual chlorine (Cl2) was measured by Starch-Iodide method. For each sample, the chlorination curve (chlorine residual versus chlorine dose) was obtained. Curves showed the typical irregularity attributed to the formation and destruction of chloramines...

Author(s): Lokesh Kumar

Study of major and trace elements in groundwater of Birsinghpur Area, Satna District Madhya Pradesh, India

July 2013

  The present paper deals with major and trace elements geochemistry from the groundwater of Birsinghpur area, Satna district, Madhya Pradesh, India. Geologically, the area comprises sandstone and shale formations of the Proterozoic Upper Vindhyan Supergroup. The study reveals that the water is hard to very hard (The classification as hard to very hard is possibly based on incorrect analytical data); the...

Author(s): R.N. Tiwari, Shankar Mishra and Prabhat Pandey

Geoelectric study of major landfills in the Lagos Metropolitan Area, Southwestern Nigeria

July 2013

  Geoelectric study of Abule Egba, Igando and Olushosun landfills within Lagos municipality has been undertaken to determine their hydrogeologic implications. The field technique involved vertical electrical soundings utilizing Schlumberger electrode array. At Abule Egba, landfill materials are defined by resistivity varying between 1.6 Ω-m at decomposed stage and 144 Ω-m within fresh dump. The...

Author(s):   Oladapo, M. I., Adeoye-Oladapo, O. O.  and Adebobuyi, F. S.

Performance assessment of some developed surface irrigation methods

July 2013

  Irrigation development is a gateway to increased agricultural, water and land productivity, increased household and national food security. However, irrigation development has been a major challenge in many developing countries, including Egypt. The overall objective of this study is to detect the influence of different irrigation systems on water-use efficiency, crop and soil salinity in highly soil...

Author(s):   N. B. Abdelmageed

Performance analysis of the storm water management and road tunnel – SMART in Kuala Lumpur

July 2013

  Storm water management and road tunnel (SMART) was built to direct water around a major meeting point of two major rivers located in a large urban area; in addition, it doubles up as a road tunnel, though that section is only used in major storms. Much information has come from the Malaysian Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID), in the form of data and reports. Pre-project historical water flow data as...

Author(s): Ramani Bai Varadharajan, Craig James Bailey

Assessment of groundwater quality for irrigation of Bhaskar Rao Kunta watershed, Nalgonda District, India

July 2013

  Semi-arid region of Bhaskar Rao Kunta watershed groundwater quality was evaluated for suitability irrigation; in this situation twenty groundwater samples were collected at identical locations from deeper bore wells. The American Public Health Association (APHA) standard methods were followed and the concentrations of physicochemical parameters of pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total hardness...

Author(s):   K. Srinivasa Reddy  

Investigating rainwater harvesting on highly permeable soils - baseline conditions

July 2013

  Dune sand was subjected to varying rainfall intensities in order to generate runoff under laboratory conditions on slopes of 20 and 30°. Soil moisture probes were inserted into the soil at varying depths to investigate the movement of water through the profile. Results indicate that in spite of continuous simulated rainfall administered for over 4,000 min, no runoff could be generated over the sand...

Author(s):   AMU-MENSAH Frederick K., YAMAMOTO Tahei and INOUE Mitsuhiro

Study of heavy metals pollution and physico-chemical assessment of water quality of River Owo, Agbara, Nigeria

July 2013

  The various selected physicochemical and biological condition of freshwater bodies which receive varying number of outfalls of industrial and domestic effluents containing heavy metals of River Owo, Agbara Industrial Estate, a boundary town between Lagos and Ogun state, along Badagry Expressway in Nigeria, was assessed for five consecutive months. Four sampling points were chosen from the water body to...

Author(s):   Kuforiji Titilope Shakirat and Ayandiran Tolulope Akinpelu        

Geophysical and hydrochemistry methods for mapping groundwater contamination around Aule area, Akure, Southwestern Nigeria

July 2013

  An integrated geophysical investigation involving 2D-Wenner profiling, very low frequency electromagnetic, vertical electrical sounding (VES) and water quality analysis was conducted around Aule area within Akure the capital city of Ondo state southwestern Nigeria where there have been reported cases of groundwater contamination. Also hydrochemical analysis was carried out on five water samples in the area;...

Author(s):   A.O. Adelusi,  A .A. Akinlalu and S.S. Adebayo    

Phosphate transport variation in sand column

June 2013

Groundwater pollution by human activities has been reported severally. Movement of leachate is identified as a major process of the phenomenon. Analytical work to replicate the process has been partially successful in soils. The objective therefore was to investigate the one dimensional (1-D) transport of phosphate at the side and centre of a sand column, verify and calibrate the model derived. Phosphate of known...

Author(s): B. U. Dike, B. C. Okoro and J. C. Agunwamba    

Validation of the rainfall-runoff SCS-CN model in a catchment with limited measured data in Zimbabwe

June 2013

  An evaluation of available opportunities to revive irrigation on a long abandoned irrigation scheme in a dry region of Zimbabwe is presented by assessing water availability at catchment level. The aim is to enhance the livelihoods, income and nutrition of the communities that depend on the irrigation scheme through a sustainable management of revitalised irrigation infrastructure and ensure food...

Author(s):   Nhamo Luxon and Chilonda Pius        

Hydrological assessment and suspended sediment loading of the Chini Lake catchment, Pahang, Malaysia

June 2013

  Hydrological evaluation and sediment loading of the Chini Lake catchment was investigated. Sediment loads and water discharge from seven selected feeder rivers were measured over a period of one year (January to December 2006). Suspended sediment concentration was measured by the standard method. The annual rainfall from 1984 to 2006 at the Chini Lake catchment ranged from 1487.70 mm (1997) to...

Author(s):   Sujaul I. M., Ismail B. S., Muhammad Barzani G., Sahibin A. R. and Mohd Ekhwan T.        

Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) in sustainable groundwater development, Imo River Basin Nigeria

June 2013

  There is proliferation of shallow substandard private water wells, poor distribution of public water wells, poor planning, and poor management of public wells in the Imo River basin Nigeria. Over 60% of water wells developed in the basin is either abortive or not functional. To investigate this, 110 vertical electric soundings (VES), 50 down-hole logs, and 44 pumping test data have been integrated into...

Author(s):   Michael A. Nwachukwu, Aslan Aslan and Maureen I. Nwachukwu        

Influence of Nambul River on the quality of fresh water in Loktak lake

June 2013

  The major and trace elements in the water samples of Loktak lake and Nambul river, the most polluted river draining into the lake were determined by using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) technique. The physico-chemical parameters as well as the concentration of trace elements so far detected were compared with that of WHO limits for both cases and a comparative study were done to investigate the...

Author(s):   N. K. Sharat Singh, Ch. Bino Devi, M. Sudarshan, N. Sanamacha Meetei, T. Brajakumar Singhand N. Rajmuhon Singh      

A study of physico-chemical characteristics of three fresh water springs of Kashmir Himalaya, India

June 2013

  The present study was carried out on the physico-chemical analysis of three fresh water springs in district Pulwama of Kashmir Valley viz: Sandyasar naag (Ladhu), Batenaag (Khrew) and Sonaraaz naag (Shar).The samples were collected on monthly basis from January to June 2011. The various parameters were analyzed after APHA (1992) and Gupta (2004). The determined values of the three springs depicted slight...

Author(s):   Manzoor Ahmad Sheikh, Idrees Yousuf Dar, Sayar Yaseen, Amit Pal and Ashok K. Pandit,        

Neotectonic belts, remote sensing and groundwater potentials in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

June 2013

The Eastern Cape Province is surrounded by three major neotectonic belts (south, east and north). Each one of these neotectonic belts has its own particularities. This study aims at characterizing and targeting potentially high yield aquifers in the neotectonic zones in the Eastern Cape Province. The methods used in this study include a comprehensive literature review, examination of digital elevation models and...

Author(s):   K. Madi and B. Zhao        

Satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) to assess changes in the water level in the Duhok dam

June 2013

  The use of satellite remote sensing (RS) has salient progress in water budget calculation and it performs in watershed management. An RS technique can properly enhance hydrogeologic surveys. Moreover, to have an intimate understanding of the changes in water level fluctuations, it is also important to relate them to the surrounding eomorphic, structural, climatic and geologic factors. This research serves...

Author(s):   Yaseen T. Mustafa and Mohamad J. Noori        

Influence of potable water in the characterization of habitat in African Sub-Saharan countries: Application to Cameroon

May 2013

  By reason of its necessity, habitat is a fundamental index in the description of the standard of living in a society. This habitat has at the center of its design and function water for consumption and sanitation. The procurement of these two essential elements for life is still a problem in Africa, particularly in Sub- Saharan Africa. Every scheme relevant to the raising of the standard of living of the...

Author(s):   Boniface EFON, Denis NTAMACK, Emmanuel YAMB and Thomas TAMO TATIETSE    

Topology optimization method for materials zoning of a concrete face rockfill dam

May 2013

  For finding a reasonable layout of the fill materials in the dam body of a concrete face rockfill dam (CFRD), a new algorithm is proposed based on continuum topology optimization. In the present approach, the materials in dam are classified into several materials with different moduli and each material has a material number (an integer) according to the value of modulus. Material with higher modulus has a...

Author(s):   Jiao Shi, Zhengzhong Wang and Aijun Zhang        

Simulation of interaction of side weir overflows with bed-load transport and bed morphology in a channel (SSIIM2.0)

May 2013

    To describe the complexity of flows accurately around side spillways, a 3D numerical flow model has been tested. In this study 3D numerical model SSIIM2.0 is used to simulate unsteady flows in side spillways in a schematic test channel. Side channel spillways are one of the types of outlet works at dams with wide applications in irrigation, drainage systems, in water and wastewater facilities....

Author(s):   Samane Arvandi, Amir Khosrojerdi, Mohammad Rostami and Hosein Baser        

Mud rotary drilling in Southern Nigeria: Potential adverse effects of its by-products on the environment

May 2013

  Boreholes are the major sources of potable water for households, communities, institutions and industries in Nigeria and the number of these boreholes continues to rise and does not show any sign of abatement. Among the current methods used for drilling boreholes, mud rotary drilling has been consistently chosen due to its low cost and efficient operation. However, no attempt has been made to assess the...

Author(s):   David O. Olukanni and Nnamdi C. Ugwu        

Water quality assessment of a wastewater treatment plant in a Ghanaian Beverage Industry

May 2013

  The research is aimed at assessing the performance of the wastewater (excluding sewage) treatment plant in a Ghanaian beverage industry. Sixteen (16) water quality parameters were analyzed by collecting influent and effluent wastewater samples of the treatment plant for a year and their average values were compared with EPA (Ghana) guidelines for beverage industries discharging into water bodies. Most of the...

Author(s):   Emmanuel Okoh Agyemang, Esi Awuah, Lawrence Darkwah, Richard Arthur and Gabriel Osei      

Stratigraphic mapping of subsurface structures and groundwater potentials from electrical resistivity soundings in Onicha Olona, Atuma Iga and Akwukwu-Igbo, Delta State Nigeria

May 2013

Onicha Olona, Atuma Iga and Akwukwu-Igbo have experienced severe hardship in getting reliable boreholes over many years due to their high topography. They are transition towns as it is from here that marked variations in subsurface structures and topography commence. Although the entry point at onicha Olona which is tied to Issele Uku is a flat land by contouring, the western end of the town has evidence of...

Author(s):   OKOLIE, Emmanuel Chukwuemeka    

Water resources utilization in Yenagoa, Central Niger Delta: Environmental and health implications

April 2013

  This study examined the groundwater in relation to the surface water quality analysis in Yenagoa Local Government Area (LGA), Bayelsa State, Central Niger Delta. Groundwater samples were collected from the boreholes in the randomly selected communities namely Igbogene, Akenfa, Edepie, Swali, Biogbolo and Amarata and surface water samples from a point in Epie Creek that flows through the selected...

Author(s):   Koinyan A. A., Nwankwoala H. O. and Eludoyin O. S.        

Study on the effects of vegetation density in reducing bed shear stress on the downstream slope of earthen embankment

April 2013

  River bank, coastal erosion and embankment failures are endemic and recurrent natural hazards, causing loss of lands and livelihoods along major rivers and coastlines. Overflow is the most damaging factor for earthen embankments on the downstream (d/s) slope due to the erosion of surface material which is caused by the high bed shear stress and supercritical flow over the entire d/s slope. Vegetation planted...

Author(s):   H. M. Rasel, M. R. Hasan and S. C. Das        

Assessment of pollution levels of groundwater in parts of Imo River Basin, South Eastern Nigeria

April 2013

  Twenty five samples of groundwater were obtained from various boreholes in the study area and subjected to physico-chemical analysis using standard laboratory techniques. The study was aimed at the assessment of the pollution status of the groundwater supply in parts of Imo River Basin and its environs using some pollution indications namely: electrical conductivity, phosphate (PO4), total dissolved solids...

Author(s):   Ijeh Boniface Ikechukwu and Onu Nathaniel Nze        

Geo-spatial technology based study on climate change impact and stewardship for rural India: A pragmatic approach for comprehensive groundwater resource mapping and management

April 2013

  Climate change may influence hydrogeological processes and groundwater resources directly and indirectly in various modes. Therefore, a systematic planning, management and adaption are challenging task. Considering the importance of climate change impact, the study was to identify the sustainable Groundwater (GW) / Drinking Water (DW) resources potential zones, suitable locations for GW harvesting structures,...

Author(s):   Sivakumar V., Manoj Khare, Subramanian. S. K. and Seshadri K.        

Assessment of water quality of Betwa River, Madhya Pradesh, India

April 2013

  The present paper deals with the monthly interval variation of physico-chemical characteristics of River Betwa during October 2011 to August 2012. Five major sampling station (10 sites) were selected:  station- I Jhirri (1 to 2 sites), station- II Nayapura (3 to 4 sites), station- III Mandideep (5 to 6 sites), station- IV Bhojpur (7 to 8 sites) and station- V Vidisha (9 to 10 sites). Various...

Author(s):   Santosh Vishwakarma, Alok Varma and Geeta Saxena        

Housing typology in the forecast of demand for drinking water in developing country towns and cities: Application to Yaoundé - Cameroon

April 2013

  The lack of mastery of housing problems in developing countries causes difficulties in the forecasting of the demand for potable water, which in turn causes waste and high cost of water. We modeled the forecasting of the demand for potable water in a city, taking into account the housing typology. The latter depends on parameters such as: household income, size of households, price of water, annual rainfall...

Author(s):   Efon Boniface, Ntamack Denis and Tamo Tatietse Thomas        

Physico-chemical and Escherichia coli assessment of selected sachet water produced in some areas of Minna, Niger State, Nigeria

March 2013

  Access to good quality drinking water in Minna and, indeed, other parts of Niger State is one of the biggest challenges to many households which have, for years, depended on other sources of water to augment the erratic supply made by the government. In an effort to ensure adequate supply, packaged water has been introduced to provide safe, hygienic and affordable drinking water. However, trends have...

Author(s):   M. M. Ndamitso, S. Idris, M. B. Likita, Jimoh. O. Tijani, A. I. Ajai and A. A. Bala        

Study of specific power input and mass transfer coefficient in aeration of volatile organic compounds

March 2013

  The aeration of volatile organic compounds (VOC) is based on the mass transfer rate of VOCs from the liquid phase to the gaseous phase. Principle of air stripping involves the mass transfer of volatile organic contaminant from water to air. The system can be easily upgraded to strip greater amount of VOCs with relatively small increase in capital cost. Aeration tanks strip volatile compounds by bubbling air...

Author(s):   M K Verma and R. K Tyagi      

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