Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

JAHR Articles

Importance of social media in engaging young people on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention

September 2014

This paper dealt with the importance of social media in engaging young people on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention. The data used in this study, was obtained through a social media survey conducted among young unmarried tertiary graduates between the ages of 15 to 35 who are working in Abuja Nigeria and activities of the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) on Facebook from 9 August, 2010 to 30...

Author(s): Roland Clement Abah, Toyin Aderibigbe and Ayoyinka Olubunmi

Oral cytology in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): An immune marker?

September 2014

Low CD4 counts is currently considered to be one of the main indicators of the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-induced immune depression, but few studies have analyzed its relationship to the presence of oral cytological changes. The aim of this cross sectional study was to analyze the relationship between total CD4 lymphocyte count and the occurrence of cytological changes. The present cross-sectional...

Author(s): Vaibhav Mahesh Jagad, Nandita Shenoy, John Ramapuram, Junaid Ahmed, Amitha Lewis and Srikant N.

Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among tuberculosis/ human immunodeficiency co-infected cases treated under directly observed treatment of short course in Western Ethiopia

September 2014

A five year (2009 to 2013) retrospective cohort study was conducted to assess the treatment outcome of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency (HIV) co-infection patients from April to May, 2014 in six randomly selected health institutions providing Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (DOTS) program in Western Ethiopia. In the selected health institutions, sputum and blood samples were collected and processed...

Author(s): Eyasu Ejeta, Tadesse Birhanu and Tsedeke Wolde

Antiretroviral therapy and genetic predisposition: Cofactors contributing to the lipodystrophy syndrome

August 2014

The TNF-α-238G/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) independently increases the risk of lipodystrophy progression. The current study evaluates the contribution of the different antiretroviral treatments (ART) regimens administered to HIV infected individuals in Pune to the development of lipodystrophy and insulin resistance in patients having TNF-α-238G/A polymorphism. A total of 172 HIV-1 infected...

Author(s): Supriya D. Mahajan, Srikanth Tripathy, Jayanta Bhattacharya, Asmita Gaikwad, Jyoti Pawar, Manisha Ghate, Ramesh Paranjape and R. R. Gangakhedkar  

Magnitude of pulmonary tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus co-infections among patients who had sputum examination at Minjar Health Center in Eastern Ethiopia: A retrospective study

August 2014

Tubercle bacilli infection is a considerable medical and public health problems in Ethiopia. The disease burden is exacerbated if tuberculosis infected individuals are co-infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of pulmonary tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus co-infections among clinically suspected tuberculosis patients who examined sputum at the...

Author(s): Tadesse Hailu, Wondemagegn Mulu, Mulat Yimer and Bayeh Abera  

Preliminary statement of HIV/AIDS conceptions among students at Abomey-Calavi (Benin) campus

July 2014

This study conducted at the campus of Abomey-Calavi in December 2009 evaluated students conceptions in relation to the theme of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). A target population of students was approached through a questionnaire. This descriptive study showed that 45% of the students were not satisfied with the level of fighting against AIDS in Calavi campus. 81.81% of the...

Author(s): Victorien Tamègnon Dougnon, Clément Ahoussinou, Roch Houngnihin, Septime Hessouh, Martin Aïna and Frédéric Loko

No significant differences in nephrotoxicity for tenofovir combined with ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors in treatment of adult HIV infection

July 2014

This study retrospectively evaluated specific changes in renal parameters among HIV-infected patients treated with regimens combining tenofovir (TDF) with ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor (PI/r) compared with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), with non-TDF regimens, and with those on no treatment before or during the study period. Patients in the treatment groups were included if they received...

Author(s): Seema U. Nayak, Richard L. Amdur and Virginia L. Kan

Prevalence and risk factors of anaemia among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected antiretroviral therapy naïve children in Makurdi, Nigeria: A retrospective study

July 2014

Anaemia is a common condition in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and it contributes significantly to its morbidity and mortality. However, there are a few available studies describing the risk factors of anaemia in HIV- infected, antiretroviral therapy naïve (ART) Nigerian children. A retrospective, cross-sectional study, at the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, between June, 2010 and June,...

Author(s): Emmanuel Ademola Anigilaje and Ayodotun Olutola

Risk for developing tuberculosis among intravenous drug users with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

June 2014

Approximately one third of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are co-infected with tuberculosis (TB), and TB accounts for up to a third of deaths from AIDS worldwide. Injectable drug use is an important factor in epidemiology of both TB and HIV. This study was carried out to assess the risk of intravenous drug use for developing TB in HIV infected patients. A cross-sectional study was...

Author(s): Nimesh Poudyal, Narayan Gyawali, Hari Prasad Nepal, Rajendra Gurung, Sabitri Pandey, Ritu Amatya, Suraj Timilsina and Shyamal K. Bhattacharya

Evaluation of urine specimen as an alternative to blood for malaria diagnosis among HIV positive individuals attending HIV clinics in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, South-Eastern Nigeria

June 2014

A total of 150 blood and urine samples each were collected from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients who visited selected hospitals in Ebonyi State. The subjects were made up of 57 males and 93 female patients. The blood samples were screened for the presence of four human malaria parasites using parasitological examination of blood stained films and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Out of the 150 urine...

Author(s):   Nwuzo, A. C., Iroha I. R., Okonkwo, E. C., Ilang, D. C., Agah, V. M., Afiukwa, F. N., Uhuo, A. C. and Ogbu, O.

A review on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) strain candidate vaccine development: Prospect and challenges

May 2014

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has one of the highest incidence and mortality rates of any infectious disease, with more than 33 million people infected worldwide. Specifically, HIV causes the destruction of helper T cells, ultimately resulting in the suppression of the immune system and leaving its human host susceptible to countless of other pathogenic agents. The development of an effective HIV vaccine has...

Author(s): Akyala Ishaku A., Bright Esyine Shadrack, Olufemi Ajumobi, Adebola Olayinka and Patrick Nguku

Improving United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP’s) research on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Africa

May 2014

This paper poses methodological and ethical questions on the measures adopted by the human development index (HDI) data in assessing development in Africa, with particular emphasis on human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). It is a well-known fact that these measures are great indicators of development or otherwise. The central position of the paper is that given the difficulty...

Author(s): Ejikeme Nonso Alo

External quality assessment: On-site evaluation of HIV testing and counselling sites in Nigeria

May 2014

A cross-sectional quantitative assessment was conducted to evaluate the quality of testing in 242 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and counselling (HTC) sites in 25 states including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) in Nigeria. A checklist assessing eight different quality systems essentials (QSE) adapted from World Health Organization/African Regional Office (WHO/AFRO) laboratory strengthening checklist was...

Author(s): Callista Asamole-Osuocha, Henry Mbah, Simon Cartier, Emmanuel Ojo, Titilope Badru, Mohammed Ibrahim, Iquo Oka, Emmanuel Egwa and Otto Chabikuli

Prevalence and utility of dipstick proteinuria in predicting renal insufficiency in treatment naive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected Africans

March 2014

This study investigated the prevalence and associated factors of proteinuria in treatment naive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals. It also evaluated utility of dipstick urinalysis for the detection of impaired renal function. Two hundred (200) HIV seropositive patients and 72 HIV seronegative subjects were evaluated and tested for proteinuria using dipstick reagent strips. Serum urea and...

Author(s): Olufunmilayo A. Lesi, Oluwatosin O. Bamidele , Christiana O. Amira, Charles O. Okany and Alani S. Akanmu

African and American university students and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) transmission kissing perception

March 2014

The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to which kissing is associated with the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), based on literature review and respondents’ to the questionnaire. The sample used was a diverse one, as participants were Americans and Africans drawn from universities in America, Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania, comprising a...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

Risky sexual behavior and identity construction among adolescents in Ethiopia

March 2014

Adolescents in Ethiopia are found to engage in a host of risky behaviors that lead to sexual and reproductive health problems including Human Immune Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), unplanned pregnancy, and abortion; just to mention but a few. Quite a number of research investigations have been conducted to document on the factors that lead youth to these risky behaviors. However, these...

Author(s): Belay Tefera and Missaye Mulatie

Intestinal parasites and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status of children in Jos, Nigeria

March 2014

Intestinal parasitic infestations (IPI) are not uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. However, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals with depleted immunity have an abnormally high susceptibility to infections. This study therefore, examines children with intestinal parasites according to HIV status and degree of immunosuppression. Consecutively consenting patients aged 1 to 15 years attending the...

Author(s): Esther S. Yiltok, Sunday D. Pam, Stephen Oguche, Edmund B. Banwat, Stephen Yohanna, Emeka Ejeliogu, Olukemi Ige and Collins John

Opportunistic infections among human immune deficiency virus (HIV) positive injecting drug users of Dhaka City, Bangladesh

March 2014

A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among the 116 human immune deficiency virus (HIV) positive drug addicted people in Dhaka city during September, 2012 to March, 2013. The major objectives of this study were to assess the various spectra of opportunistic infections among drug users who are HIV positive for at least three years. Young adults are more frequent drug users and males are more prone to drug...

Author(s): Tanni Chowdhury, Obidul Huq, Provat Roy, Mesbah Uddin Talukder and Formuzul Haque

Education level and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge in Kenya

February 2014

Education level and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge in Kenya investigated secondary and university students’ HIV/AIDS knowledge in the City of Nairobi, Kenya. This was motivated by research findings in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, showing a correlation between education level and knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The method employed was that of descriptive statistics...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

Why do patients refuse antiretroviral therapy before they complete tuberculosis treatment?: A qualitative enquiry

February 2014

In Sub Saharan Africa, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) co-infections are common, and patients often find out about their HIV positive status during consultation for pulmonary tuberculosis. Reports from the HIV and TB hospital unit in Swaziland indicate that many deaths are related to low uptake of antiretroviral therapy among patients co-infected with TB, and anecdotal evidence suggests...

Author(s): Mokwena Kebogile and Phiri Elias

African university adolescents’ gender differences in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) vulnerability

February 2014

African university adolescents’ gender differences in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) vulnerability investigation examined adolescents’ frequent perception that they are not susceptible to HIV/AIDS infection. Specifically, it sought to find out whether there are gender differences in the belief that adolescents are not at risk of HIV/AIDS infection. The...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

Correlates and consequences of internalized stigma of mental illness among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Nigeria, West Africa

February 2014

There is evidence that internalized stigma significantly impacts the lives of depressed people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA). Nevertheless, there is paucity of data on the extent, domains and demographic correlates of internalized stigma among PLWHA; hence the need for this study. This was a hospital based, cross sectional, descriptive study of one...

Author(s): R. O. Shittu, B. A. Issa, G. T. Olanrewaju, L. O. Odeigah, M. A. Sanni and S. A. Aderibigbe

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and abnormal cervical cytopathology among human immuno- deficiency virus (HIV) positive women in Northern India

January 2014

Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with a higher risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) positivity and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) which may progress to cancer. Hence, it is important to screen all HIV positive women for this cancer which is amenable to cure in early stages. A cross sectional case-control study was conducted on 100 HIV seropositive women and matched seronegative...

Author(s): Pooja Pundhir, Y. M. Mala, R. Tripathi, B. C. Das and S. Bhambani

Youth attitude to some human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) preventive measures in some institutions of higher education in Nigeria

January 2014

Youth attitude to some human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a world-wide epidemic that has given governments around the world sleepless nights. The case of sub-Sahara Africa is particularly worrisome. More than half the world cases are believed to be in this region. Nigeria as one of the countries in this region is not speared the devastating spread of the virus and young people...

Author(s): Adegoke S. AJIBOYE

HIV and AIDS in Africa: Questioning the validity and the efficacy of the HDI measures

January 2014

This paper poses methodological and ethical questions on the measures adopted by the human development index (HDI) data in assessing development in Africa, with particular emphasis on human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). It is a well-known fact that these measures are great indicators of development or otherwise. The central position of the paper is that given the difficulty in...

Author(s): Ejikeme Nonso Alo

Predictors of mortality among HIV positive adults on antiretroviral therapy in Debremarkos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

January 2014

Globally, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) reduces life expectancy by seven years. Mortality is high among non-treated patients in Ethiopia with about 58.1/100 person years of observation. However, the predictors of mortality have not been adequately studied. Hence, the main objective of the study was to determine predictors of mortality among HIV positive adults on...

Author(s): Nurilign Abebe, Kassahun Alemu, Tadesse Asfaw and Amanuel Alemu Abajobir

Basic sociological concepts, attitude, perception and effects on propagating the message of HIV and AIDS prevention and control on engineering student of some selected tertiary institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria

December 2013

This study centres on the basic sociological concepts, attitudes, perception and its effects on propagating the message of the dreaded disease called human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention and control using engineering student from selected tertiary institution in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. HIV and AIDS prevention was examined prior and after HIV and AIDS...

Author(s): Momoh, J. J.

Factors associated with the development of HIV associated lipodystrophy in patients on long-term HAART

December 2013

Highly active antiretroviral therapy is effective in reducing viral load and increasing survival in HIV-1-infected patients. It consists of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and a protease inhibitor or two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. The efficacy of Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is however compromised by adverse events...

Author(s): Angela Awino McLigeyo, Godfrey Lule, Fredrick C. F. Otieno, Joshua Kyateesa Kayima and Enoch Omonge

Mental health of HIV/AIDS orphans: A review

December 2013

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the best known deadly diseases in the world, due to its devastating impact on communities, families, children and development. Worldwide, 34 million people are presently living with HIV/AIDS out of which 17 million are HIV/AIDS orphans. India is the home to the second largest number of HIV/AIDS orphans in the world after South Africa...

Author(s): Swaran Lata and Shikha Verma

Personal responsibility for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection

December 2013

Personal responsibility for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection led to the aim of this study by investigating the belief that those who live with HIV/AIDS have only themselves to blame for their calamity. Participants were drawn from high school and university students in America, Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania. The method used in the analysis of data was quantitative...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

HIV/AIDS knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya

December 2013

The primary purpose of this investigation was to assess the level of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya. As a subsidiary, objective of the investigation was to determine whether there was transfer of knowledge between boys and girls regarding their sexual behaviour. The results showed that adolescent high school students have a high...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

Effects of 12 weeks cycle exercise programme on CD4 count and viral load in HIV sero-positive patients in Kano, Nigeria

November 2013

This study investigated the effects of 12 weeks bicycle ergometer exercise programme on CD4 cell count and viral loads in 40 male HIV sero positive patients in Kano, Nigeria, aged 39.2 years who were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 20) and control (n = 20) groups. The patients’ pre and post-test anthropometric measurements as well as CD4 cell counts and viral loads were obtained using standard biochemical...

Author(s): I. S. Yar’zever, U. Abubakar, A. L. Toriola and Nicholas U. Igbokwe

Reception and treatment of HIV/AIDS children in school

November 2013

Reception and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) children in school investigated the extent to which children living with HIV/AIDS are accepted and treated in school. Such investigation was based on various research findings of these children indicating resistance to their attending the same schools with HIV/AIDS free children, constituting the majority of...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

The beliefs of African university men and women on HIV/AIDS being God’s indignation

November 2013

The purpose of this study was to investigate the tenet that HIV/AIDS is God’s indignation for those who engage in sexual intercourse outside the institution of marriage. Moreover, this study aimed at identifying gender differences that HIV/AIDS is God’s indignation against sexual immorality.  Descriptive statistics comprising frequency, percentage, chi-square and probability was used for data analysis....

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), Related knowledge, risk perception and practice of confidential counseling and testing for HIV among patients in a tertiary health institution in North Western Nigeria

November 2013

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the leading cause of death in sub-Sahara Africa. A major focal point of the epidemiology and spread of HIV infection and AIDS is HIV/AIDS related knowledge, especially as these affect AIDS risk behaviors in vulnerable populations of Africa. While HIV testing serves as the gateway to treatment, care, and prevention of HIV/AIDS;...

Author(s): Awosan K. J., Ibrahim M. T. O. and Ali A. I.

Awareness and knowledge levels about HIV/AIDS among high school students in Mugla, Turkey

November 2013

This study was designed to investigate current awareness and knowledge levels of high school students about human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in a very popular tourism city Mugla, Turkey. The participants were consisted of 1184 students from 11 secondary schools in Mugla and asked to fill out a questionnaire form, which was consisted of 50 questions. The form contained two...

Author(s): Bora Ekinci and Atilla Goktas

The impact of HIV/AIDS on the elderly and proposed strategies to curb the effect

October 2013

This paper presents policy issues from a study that was conducted by members of the Uganda National Advocacy team on HIV/AIDS Care from July to December 2012. The aim was to explore HIV/AIDS challenges among older persons and strategies that could be used to curb the effect. Respondents were purposively selected older persons from rural and urban areas of Pallisa, Kamwenge, Luwero and Budaka districts. It was a...

Author(s): Nankwanga Annet

Literacy and HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention and management among women in Cross River State

October 2013

The direct correlation between literacy, health, economic and political power and the exercise of informed choices especially for the women is enormous. Education is a liberating force; it ensures mobility and development of one’s potentials. Two research hypotheses were posed and tested in this study. The design of the study was basically survey descriptive. The population of the study comprised women from the...

Author(s): Ada Mary Juliana, Okoli Georgina Ekama and Okoli Innocent

Low knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) service sites and implications for testing among Ugandans

October 2013

Despite the continued enormous financial investment, through both local and donor funding into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care services in Uganda, the prevalence and incidence rates are raising. Knowledge of HIV determines both uptake of HIV prevention services and behavioural change. We assessed knowledge of HIV service sites and testing benefits among Ugandans at community level. Adult...

Author(s): Yovani A. M. Lubaale, Proscovia M. Namuwenge, Julian K.Bagyendera and Jackson K. Mukonzo,

Association between types of coping strategies adopted following HIV seroconversion and disclosure of HIV status, between 2002 and 2009, Zimbabwe

October 2013

People who were seronegative on their first human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing may react differently to being seropositive on subsequent testing (seroconversion) compared to those who were HIV seropositive at their first HIV testing. In both cases, disclosure of a positive HIV status to at least one other person is considered one of the most important factors for prevention of transmission of HIV. Whilst...

Author(s): Masuku-Sisimayi, T., Sisimayi, C. N. and Babill-Stray Pedersen

Care for people living with HIV/AIDS: Whose responsibility?

October 2013

The combination of factors affects the acceptance, care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS. These include knowledge and willingness of the people. The paper sought the knowledge of the rural populace of Ode-Lemo, a rural community in Sagamu local government, Nigeria. The local government area have benefited from awareness and campaign activities of Sagamu Community Centre (SCC), an NGO in the area with primary...

Author(s): Nurudeen Alliyu, Olubukunola Jeminusi and Peter O. Kalejaiye

American college students and HIV/AIDS knowledgeability and sexual behavior change

October 2013

This study aimed at investigating the extent to which US College students know about human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) transmission, infection and prevention, and the transfer of such knowledge to sexual behavior change. The findings showed that college students’ knowledge about HIV/AIDS was very good, and that such knowledge was transferable to real life experience, in...

Author(s): Tuntufye S. Mwamwenda

Harsh realities: Reasons for women's involvement in sex work in India

September 2013

This study documents the reasons and processes for involvement of women into sex work in India. The study is based on in-depth interviews with a cross-section of commercial sex workers in four Indian states – Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It shows that most women enter sex work due to a complex set of reasons as opposed to any one single over-riding reason. While abject poverty was cited...

Author(s): Niranjan Saggurti, Shagun Sabarwal, Ravi K. Verma, Shiva S. Halli and Anrudh K. Jain

Ocular manifestation of HIV/AIDS infection among patients receiving highly active Anti retro viral therapy (HAART) in a tertiary eye care centre

September 2013

The pattern of ocular manifestation of human immune deficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) infection in Bayelsa state, Nigeria is presently unknown. In order to effectively control HIV/AIDS infection in the state, it is important to know the ocular manifestation of HIV/AIDS infection in this locality. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the eye manifestation of HIV infection in patients...

Author(s): Azonobi Richard Ifeanyi, Udoye Ezenwa, Tebepah Tarilah and Opubiri Ibeinmo R.

Clients’ satisfaction with anti retroviral therapy services in a tertiary hospital in Sokoto, Nigeria

September 2013

Patient satisfaction towards services has become a tool to gain attention and value amongst the patients as well as health care providers. Satisfied patients are more likely to comply with prescribed treatment and advice from the doctors; they are also more likely to return for additional care especially for those on long term treatment like human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)....

Author(s): Oche, M. O., Raji, M. O., Kaoje, A. U., Gana, G., Ango, J. T., Okafoagu, N., Adamu, H., Oladigbolu, R. A. and Umar, A. S.

Nutritional status and KAP about HIV/AIDS among floating drug addicted and commercial sex workers in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

September 2013

A cross sectional study was carried out among the 100 floating drug addicted people and 50 commercial sex workers in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. About 26% of sex workers and 36% of drug addicted were aged 20 years. Only thirty six percent of the sex workers and 38% of the drug addicted were married. Among the sex workers, 50% were illiterate whereas 42.9% of the drugs addicted were primary educated. About 78% of the sex...

Author(s): A. K. Obidul Huq, Tanni Chowdhury, Masud Rana, Jahangir Alam, S. M. Golam Moktadir and M. Z. Manir

African University Students’ Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and knowledge transfer

September 2013

The objective of African University students’ knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and transfer of knowledge sought to examine the extent to which African university students are knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS transmission, infection and prevention, and its impact on sexual behaviour change. Descriptive statistics in the form of frequency, percentage and chi-square...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

Decentralized HIV/AIDS pharmacovigilance in South Africa: Mpumalanga as pilot province for national roll-out

September 2013

The South African National Department of Health have successfully completed the implementation of a new decentralized patient-centred pilot pharmacovigilance programme in Mpumalanga province. The objective was to integrate the programme into the daily activities of healthcare providers at treatment level.  Firstly, we carried out a one-day pre-training site visit to ascertain the training needs and readiness for...

Author(s): Dheda, M.

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) as God’s directive

September 2013

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) as God’s directive aimed at investigating the tenet that HIV/AIDS is God’s punishment for those who engage in sexual intercourse outside the institution of marriage. A quantitative method in the form of descriptive statistics comprising frequency, percentage, chi-square and probability was used for data analysis. The sample comprised...

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

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