Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

JAHR Articles

Decentralized HIV/AIDS pharmacovigilance in South Africa: Mpumalanga Success & Moving Forward

September 2013

This report evaluates the improvement in targeted spontaneous adverse drug reactionreporting and the quality of reports, demographic distribution, regimens implicated, the most commonly reported adverse drug reactions (ADRs) as well as concomitant conditions. Reported cases of ADRs in the Mpumalanga anti retroviral treatment (ART) programme from July, 2011 to February, 2013 were evaluated. A total of 1,756 ADR...

Author(s): Dheda, M., Distefano, K., Sunduzwayo K., Williams, F and Kambafwile, H

A review of infant feeding policy in Botswana within the context of best practices for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): 1998 to 2012

August 2013

In this review, the extent to which the Government of Botswana (GoB) applied international health recommendations and guidelines on infant feeding “best practices” within the context of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), into its national infant feeding policies between 1998 and 2012 was assessed. The infant feeding guidelines of focus here are those...

Author(s): Paulson Amibor and Nadege Pinel Ade

Changes in blood profile of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in North Eastern Nigeria

August 2013

We evaluated the changes in blood profile of patients in a prospective 30 month observational follow up study involving 145 antiretroviral naive acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) participants.  Participants were divided into two groups at one year of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), antiviral success (viral load < 2.60 log10 copies/ml); and antiviral failure (viral load > 2.60...

Author(s): Ballah Akawu Denue, Ibrahim yusuf, Hauwa Suleiman Bello, Ali Usman Abja, Abdullahi Abdu Bukar

Situating morality in housing debate: A case of Matapi hostels (Harare)

August 2013

For quite a long time, in the long history of urban housing in Zimbabwe, the quandary of people living in previously known as ‘bachelors’ hostels in various urban centres, particularly Matapi hostels in Mbare (Harare, Zimbabwe), has often been overlooked. Thousands of people from distinct backgrounds currently occupy these hostels. This has inevitably brought a number of social ills that are detrimental to...

Author(s): Innocent Chirisa, Shingai Kawadza and Nelson Mlambo

Cryptosporidiosis in HIV infected patients with diarrhoea in Kano state, North-western Nigeria

August 2013

Cryptosporidium is one of the agents associated with diarrhoea in human immune deficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. There is paucity of data in Northwestern Nigeria on the occurrence of this parasite among HIV patients. The study was to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium among HIV infected patients in Kano, Nigeria. In order to help in management of HIV...

Author(s): Kumurya, A. S. and Gwarzo, M. Y.

Correlation between HIV viral load and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) as marker of liver damage in HIV infected naive patients in North-eastern Nigeria

August 2013

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a hepatic enzyme that could be used as markers of hepatocellular injury. Liver enzyme elevations are frequent in human immune deficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients which may be caused by the HIV virus in those without other risk factors for liver damage. This study was designed to evaluate the correlation between HIV viral load and serum levels of ALT, a marker of hepatic damage....

Author(s): Ballah Akawu Denue, Ibrahim yusuf, Hauwa Suleiman Bello and Hyelni Haruna Mshelia

Socio-demographic profiles and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) among voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) clients in Finote Selam, Northwest Ethiopia

August 2013

Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is an important component of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) prevention and control interventions. The services in Ethiopia are available in government and non-government health facilities. However, very little is known about the profile and HIV prevalence among VCT clients. In fact, any attempt to analyze the...

Author(s): Addisu Melese

Assessing the relevance of extending the prevention of mother to child human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission procedure to women with unproductive pregnancies

August 2013

In Cameroon, with regards to the national reprisal to human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndromes (HIV/AIDS), the HIV status of a mother delivering a live baby, when declared unknown is always determined in the delivery room. This protocol is not applicable to women, whose pregnancies have been identified as unproductive. A descriptive study was conducted in three public hospitals in Yaounde from...

Author(s): Ntsama Essomba C., Njila Tchoufack E. J., Esiene A., Kouanfack C., Tchatchueng J., Leme Banock L., Abologo Azeme L., Mben J. M. and Koulla Shiro S.

Creating a high-throughput screening database to propose ligands capable of modulating the HIV-1 protease receptor

July 2013

This is a report of a de novo design study that aimed to identify novel structures capable of inhibiting the human immune deficiency virus (HIV-1) protease ligand binding pocket (HIV-1 PR_LBP). Baseline information regarding ligand binding modality and affinity was obtained through analysis of the pdb crystallographic depositions describing the HIV-1 PR enzyme complexed with small molecule inhibitors currently...

Author(s): C. Micallef, C. Shoemake and L. M. Azzopardi

Assessment of potential risky sexual behaviors among Dilla University students: A survey study for enhancing self- protection from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

July 2013

The aim of this research was to examine risky sexual behaviors and pre-disposing factors among Dilla University undergraduate students and to design feasible strategies to mitigate acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases. Mainly, a qualitative method of data collection was utilized to get a number of 187 participants (181 regular students and 6 academically dismissed...

Author(s): Abayneh Unasho and Tarekegn Tadesse

Geriatric human immune deficiency virus (HIV) Infection in Nigeria: A case‐series report

July 2013

This study involves a case‐series of 3 elderly male patients with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection managed between 2009 and 2010 at the antiretroviral clinic (ART) University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. They were all within the age range of 73 to 100 years and had multiple sexual partners. They were also co‐managed for hypertension, diabetes mellitus and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Baseline...

Author(s): Afe Abayomi Joseph, A. K. Salami and L. O. Odeigah

Gaps in preventing mother to child transmission (PMTCT) and human immune deficiency virus (HIV) exposure among infants in a Nigerian City: Implications for health systems strengthening

July 2013

In many countries, paediatric human immune deficiency virus (HIV) has been virtually eliminated. Nigeria however still records an unacceptably high number of HIV positive births. This study aims to identify HIV exposure rates among infants and to quantify gaps in preventing mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services in a major Nigerian city. A cross-sectional design was used to assess the prevalence of HIV...

Author(s): Oladokun R. E., Ige O. and Osinusi Kikelomo

Predictors of intended infant feeding options among HIV positive pregnant women in Addis Ababa: The perspective of theory of planned behavior

July 2013

Although exclusive breast feeding during the first six months of life or replacement feeding are crucial in prevention of mother to child transmission of human immune deficiency virus (HIV), mothers intention on feeding options remain unstudied in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was intended to assess HIV positive pregnant women’s intention towards infant feeding options. The data were collected from 196 HIV...

Author(s): Bezawit Temesgen, Zewdie Birhanu, Tigist Astale and Tariku Dejene

Pre-exposure prophylaxis in sero-discordant male partners of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) positive women desirous of natural conception – a clinical setting experience

July 2013

The reproductive health needs of sero-discordant couples are issues of concerns, especially in view of high cost of various assisted conception methods in the low-resource economies. Often times, many of these couples resort to un-informed and unsafe practices of unprotected heterosexual intercourse, leading to human immune deficiency virus (HIV) acquisition. The magnitude of the health burden of these populations in...

Author(s): Adetunji Oladeni Adeniji, Adewale Samson Adeyemi and Kola Musliudin Owonikoko

Assessing factors influencing university students to uptake voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) of human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

June 2013

This research sought to establish factors that influence students at a university in Tanzania to go for voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) of human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). The study adopted a case study design done under an interpretivist paradigm and employed a qualitative research approach. Sixty seven respondents were selected by using purposive and...

Author(s): Lawrence Meda

Comprehensive knowledge, attitude and practice of street adults towards human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in northwest Ethiopia

June 2013

Street people are prone for many infectious diseases including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study assessed comprehensive knowledge, attitude and practice of street adults towards human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). A cross-sectional study was conducted on 325 street adults at two cities using a pretested questionnaire. Comprehensive knowledge on HIV/AIDS was assessed...

Author(s): Berihun Megabiaw and Taddesse Awoke

Assessment of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) prevalence estimate among women of childbearing age in Nigeria: Relative inclusion fertility ratios approach

June 2013

Globally, human immune deficiency virus (HIV) constitutes a public health problem. Researchers have been curious about the true estimate of HIV prevalence in Nigeria. Therefore, the current study was designed to assess the reliability of the existing estimate in Nigeria. The study was cross-sectional in design and utilized data originally collected by National human immune deficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune...

Author(s): Omoniyi, P. I., Adebowale, S. A., Adedokun, B. and Fawole, O. I.

Condom use among at-risk African American young adults

June 2013

This study investigated sexual risk behaviors of at-risk males and females in the Philadelphia and Hartford Research and Education on Sexual Health and Communication (Project PHRESH.comm) study. We employed the Theory of Planned Behavior and sexual scripting theory to understand sexual risk behaviors of 18 to 25 year-old Hartford, Connecticut (CT) African Americans. Focus group and sexual relationship life history...

Author(s): Nnenna Weathers, Pamela Erickson and Merrill Singer

Barriers to repeated use of female condom among women and men of reproductive age in Nigeria

June 2013

Repeated use of female condom is very low in Nigeria. Just three out of ten persons who have ever used female condoms intend to continue using it. This study conducted in three Nigerian States was aimed at identifying the barriers to repeated and non repeated use of female condom. Among men and women of reproductive age, 16 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 16 in-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted using structured...

Author(s): Onoriode Ezire, Obi Oluigbo, Victoria Archibong, Okekearu Ifeanyi and Jennifer Anyanti

Metabolic factors associated with the development of lipodystrophy in patients on long-term highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)

May 2013

Dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and diabetes are frequent in patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and especially in patients with lipodystrophy, and may lead to atherosclerosis. This study described the metabolic alterations associated with lipodystrophy in adults on chronic HAART in Kenya. The prevalence of dyslipidaemia amongst the study participants was (211) 79.6%. Elevated total cholesterol...

Author(s): Angela Awino McLigeyo, Godfrey Lule, Fredrick C. F. Otieno, Joshua Kyateesa Kayima and Enoch Omonge

Lipodystrophy, “social death” and treatment adherence in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

May 2013

The lipodystrophy syndrome is the adverse effect to the use of the most important antiretrovirals according to the Ministry of Health of Brazil. Based on this idea, it is sought to emphasize that the lipodystrophy syndrome, as a result of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) treatment confirms the “social death” experienced by patients and the possible interference in the process of treatment...

Author(s): Carla Glenda Souza da Silva and Joao Carlos Alchieri

Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS): Knowledge, attitudes of university students of the State of Azad Kashmir (Pakistan)

May 2013

Epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a significant threat to humankind. This threat is more alarming to developing countries, where poverty and illiteracy may contribute towards higher risk for HIV transmission. To preclude the further feast of HIV, it is very important that people should have a good knowledge of HIV disease. The aim of this study was to examine...

Author(s): Atif Abbasi, Muhammad Rafique, Wajid Aziz and Wafa Hussain

Medication adherence and cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cells response in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy

May 2013

This study evaluated medication adherence following interventions and its association with cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cells response among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Specialist Hospital Sokoto, North Western Nigeria. Longitudinal study design was used. Interventions included training of health workers on adherence counseling; pre- and post-ART adherence counseling were provided to...

Author(s): Kenneth Anene Agu, Olumuyiwa Omonaiye, Dorothy Oqua, Tindak Sani, Mohammed Alfa Isah, Stephen Olayemi, Rosalyn C. King and Anthony K. Wutoh

A novel approach to inhibiting human immune deficiency virus (HIV-1) infection by actively neutralizing the antibodies of reverse transcriptase system

May 2013

Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection is frequently reported in Egypt. This study introduces a new approach for HIV eradication based on a new enzyme combination reverse transcriptase and DNA polymerase (VK 25 RD) formula for inhibiting and or preventing the disease. This pilot study was done on five naive patients who were all positive for HIV antibodies, never treated with anti retroviral medications....

Author(s): Sherif Salah, Bassam Hajjar and Reham Essam

Profiles of attendees in integrated counseling and testing centre at Maharani Hospital, Government Medical College, Bastar (Chhattisgarh), India

April 2013

This study aims to study the socio demographic profile and risk behaviour of sero-positive attendees of Integrated Counseling Testing Centre (ICTC). The study design used was retrospective study setting on ICTC in the out-patient complex of G.M.C., Jagdalpur. Record of all 1706 attendees of ICTC in the year 2008 and the data of attendees in the years 2007 and 2009 were included in the study to access the time trend of...

Author(s): T Sinha, A. K. Bansal, R. S. Mohan, H. B. Rathi, P. K. Shrivastava, Q. H. Khan, V. K. S. Chauhan and S. Tiwari

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated lipodystrophy: The prevalence, severity and phenotypes in patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in Kenya

April 2013

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is widely accessible to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in Kenya. Their long term use is associated with chronic complications such as lipodystrophy which may lead to stigmatization, reduced self esteem and poor adherence to HAART. This cross-sectional study described the prevalence of lipodystrophy, the phenotypes and severity among adult...

Author(s): Angela Awino McLigeyo, Godfrey Lule, Fredrick C. F Otieno, Joshua Kyateesa Kayima and Enoch Omonge

Collecting whole network data for human immunodeficiency virus prevention: A review of current strategies

April 2013

The study of social networks is essential to understanding the spread of infectious diseases. This study reviews strategies for collecting whole (that is, sociometric) network data for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention. Using selected criteria, peer-reviewed journal articles published from 1980 to 2012 were searched in ISI Web of Knowledge and PsychInfo databases, and social network journals. Data from...

Author(s): Basmattee Boodram and Chyvette T. Williams

Re-marriage decisions among people living with HIV in rural Southern Malawi

April 2013

This study explores re-marriage decisions of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in matrilineal Chiradzulu and patrilineal Chikhwawa communities in Malawi. Specifically, it analyzes reasons and circumstances that come into play as they re-consider marriage relationships. Data were collected from July to December, 2010 using in-depth interviews from eighteen informants purposively sampled and was...

Author(s): Belinda Chimphamba Gombachika, and Heidi Fjeld

Association between ethnicity and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles on late presentation to care and high rates of opportunistic infections in patients with HIV

April 2013

Within Manitoba, Aboriginal people make up 15% of the province’s population, but accounted for 53% of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses in 2011. For over a decade, research has linked the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles as having both protective and harmful effects in HIV disease progression. The abundance of HLA alleles that predispose to rapid disease progression, together with the...

Author(s): Lauren J. MacKenzie, Yoav Keynan,, Marissa Becker,, Leigh Anne Shafer, Souradet Shaw, Bernie Lopko and Ken Kasper,

Elevated liver transaminases, human immune deficiency virus (HIV) seroconversion and rapid progression to AIDS in a HIV prevention clinical trial participant: A case report

March 2013

This is a case report on a human immune deficiency virus (HIV) prevention trial participant who HIV seroconverted, developed hepatitis and rapidly progressed to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). A 24 year old HIV negative, non-pregnant participant consented to participate in the FEM-PrEP clinical trial. Her baseline parameters were normal; she was on oral contraception and was vaccinated for hepatitis B. She...

Author(s): Khatija Ahmed, Mookho Malahleha, JenniferDeese, Constance Monedi and Lut Van Damme

Determinants of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among patients attending public and private health facilities in Nairobi, Kenya

March 2013

For maximum suppression of the multiplication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) virus and subsequent increase in the CD4 cell count, a level of adherence of 95% and above is required among the patients on Antiretroviral drugs (ARVs). Most patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Nairobi are not achieving the optimum adherence level required to maintain treatment efficacy, hence the risk of drug...

Author(s): J. P. Oyore, I. J. Mwanzo, A. S. S. Orago and G. W. Odhiambo-Otieno

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive females in Saudi Arabia: Pregnancy and neonatal outcome

March 2013

This study was aimed to describe the demographic, presentation, clinical manifestation, and outcome of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive females in Saudi Arabia. Special attention was drawn to the outcome of HIV positive pregnant females. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate HIV positive patients who presented to the emergency room and out-patient department in King Abdulaziz University...

Author(s): Wafaa Mohammed Khalil Fageeh

Short-term combined exercise training improves the health of HIV-infected patients

March 2013

This study tested the benefits of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training (CARET) in HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy. Twenty-three human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men and women, predominantly of lower socioeconomic status (SES), were randomly assigned and completed 12 weeks of: (a) standard medical treatment plus CARET or (b) standard medical treatment only. At baseline...

Author(s): Eduard Tiozzo, Dushyantha Jayaweera, Allan Rodriguez, Janet Konefal, Angelica B. Melillo, Sarah Adwan, Lawrence Chen, Chad Parvus, Miguel Figueroa, Nicole Hodgson, Judi M. Woolger, Ronald Kanka, Arlette Perry and John E. Lewis,

Nurses' level of knowledge on the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), behavior and practices: A survey from Turkish Society

February 2013

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a syndrome for which no current treatment or prophylactic vaccine exists. It is caused by a virus called the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Protection against this disease can be provided through a good understanding of the transmission routes. This study was conducted to determine nurses’ level of knowledge on the HIV/AIDS disease. This study was performed as a...

Author(s): AyÅŸegül Koç

Prevalence and predictors of willingness to care for relatives living with HIV/AIDS: Evidence from women of reproductive age in Nigeria

February 2013

Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) constitutes threat to human life. Escalating number of HIV/AIDS cases in Nigeria demands for more relatives that will provide care for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Receiving care from relatives provides PLWHA the strength to confront life.  Information on Willingness to Provide Care (WPC) for PLWHA is insufficient in...

Author(s): A. S. Adebowale, O. B. Yusuf, B. O. Ogunbiyi and P. I. Omoniyi

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy and its challenges in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Keffi, Nigeria

February 2013

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is pivotal in reducing viral transmission, preventing viral drug resistance and improving life expectancy of patients. A baseline cross-sectional survey of the level of adherence to ART and its challenges was carried out among adults accessing this service at Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria. This was to assess the level of adherence and identify factors...

Author(s): Grace R Pennap, Usman Abdullahi and Ishaku A Bako

Effect of premarital sex on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and high risk behaviors in women

February 2013

This research aimed to study the effect of premarital sex on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and high risk behaviors among women in sub-Saharan Africa. It included 1,393 women randomly selected from the Moshi urban district of northern Tanzania. Participants’ demographic and socio-demographic characteristics, alcohol use, condom use, number of partners, symptoms of STIs and age at first sex and marriage...

Author(s): Musie S. Ghebremichael and Matthew D. Finkelman

Autonomic dysfunction as a predictor of heart disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

January 2013

The purpose of this study was to test the presence of Autonomic Dysfunction (AD) in patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). 30 HIV (study) and non HIV (control) patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent five different established methods for detection of autonomic dysfunction. Amongst the five tests employed, there was a statistical difference in 4/5 tests between the two groups. The HIV...

Author(s): Yaser Elnahar, Mohannad Bisharat, Joseph Daoko, Ashraf QaQa, Anthony Al-Dehneh, Vincent A. DeBari, Jihad Slim and Fayez Shamoon

Randomized control trial to evaluate yoga-based peer support group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive Zambian adolescents

January 2013

It has been shown that Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive adolescents are more vulnerable to behavioural problems than non-infected adolescents and stress compromises immune function. There is some evidence that yoga and peer support benefits mental health. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 10-week programme of peer support and yoga on the psychological well being of HIV positive Zambian...

Author(s): J. Anitha Menon and Cristine Glazebrook

Rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing on the college campus: Comparing traditional and outreach models

January 2013

The purpose of this study was to compare rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing services on a college campus between a clinic-based group and an outreach-based group.Study participants were 1,233 individuals who underwent HIV counseling and testing. Questionnaires assessed demographics and HIV transmission risk behaviors. Results indicate that outreach-based testers were more likely to be younger, female,...

Author(s): Sarahmona M. Przybyla

The extent of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people in the Ejura-Sekyedumase district of Ghana

December 2012

Globally, young people are among the most vulnerable groups to HIV/AIDS, while adequate knowledge about the disease is key to their protection. This paper presents a mixed method analysis of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people in the Ejura-Sekyedumase district of Ghana. The study relies on questionnaire-based data from a random sample of 450 males and females of age 15 to 24, as well as qualitative data from...

Author(s): Seth Agyemang, Daniel Buor and Eva Tagoe-Darko

Perceptions of people towards male circumcision as a technical method to reduce HIV and AIDS infection in Masvingo district of Zimbabwe

December 2012

This study sought to investigate people’s perception towards male circumcision as a tool to reduce Human Immuno-Deficiencymuno Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) infection in Masvingo district of Zimbabwe. It has been confirmed that few campaigns have been done to convince the general public of the value of male circumcision as a method to combat HIV infection, even among the Varemba and...

Author(s): Mateveke Phillip, Mashoko Dominic and Mateveke Achievement

Family chickens, poverty alleviation, food security and HIV/AIDS mitigation: The case of BONEPWA+

October 2012

This paper reviewed literature on the role of family chickens in poverty alleviation, food security and HIV/AIDS mitigation with particular reference to Botswana Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (BONEPWA+). Family chickens play an important role in the nutrition and income generation of households in Botswana. Secondary sources of data collected from the family chicken project funded by the Swedish International...

Author(s): John Cassius Moreki

HIV prevention services utilization among men who have sex with men that have recently migrated to Beijing

October 2012

To assess HIV prevention services access among men who have sex with men (MSM) that recently migrated to Beijing, we conducted a cross-sectional study from October 2010 to January 2011 in Beijing using social network based recruitment. Ten “seeds” were selected purposefully. Each subsequent participant was given three recruitment cards to hand to potential recruits. Participants completed a...

Author(s): Hongyan LU, Xuefeng LI, H. Fisher RAYMOND, Yanming SUN, Xiong HE, Song FAN, Willi MCFARLAND, Yan XIAO, Yuhua RUAN and Yiming SHAO

Are first line anti-retroviral therapies really toxic for children? A study from Eastern India

September 2012

This research aims to study the incidence of drug induced toxicity during antiretroviral therapy (ART) among children from a tertiary care institute from Kolkata. This is a prospective study that consist of 100 children aged 2 to 14 years receiving first line ART [Stavudine (d4T), Lamivudine (3TC), Nevirapine (NVP)/Efavirenz (EFV)]; these children were followed up for 3 years (2007 to 2010).  The results showed...

Author(s): Sayan Chatterjee, Some Suvra Bose, Bidyut Khuntdar and Subhasish Bhattacharya

Discriminatory practices of health workers towards people living with HIV/AIDS in Sokoto, Nigeria

September 2012

People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Nigeria have been found to be subjects of discrimination and stigmatization in the work place and by family and communities. PLWHA may also face discrimination from those employed in the health sector. This study is aimed at assessing the discriminatory practices of doctors and nurses towards people living with HIV/AIDS in Sokoto. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive...

Author(s): Umar A. S., Oche M. O. and Adeoso A. A.

Trends in knowledge, risk behaviour, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) symptoms and associated factors among truckers and helpers in South India over a 12-year span

August 2012

Prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among truckers and helpers (TH) is 10 times higher than in the general population. TH are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual behaviour that makes them vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV. This paper aims to comprehend the trends in knowledge, risk behaviours, reported STIs and associated factors among TH over 12 years. Data from 12 rounds of...

Author(s): Bimal Charles, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Arvind Kumar Pandian, Asirvatham Edwin Sam,  Mani Thenmozhi and Visalakshi Jeyaseelan

Is serious mental illness associated with earlier death among persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? A ten year follow up in Maryland Medicaid recipients

August 2012

Serious mental illness (SMI) is associated with earlier mortality. The objective of this study was to determine if SMI was associated with an increased risk of death among Maryland Medicaid beneficiaries with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This was a retrospective cohort study of adult Maryland Medicaid recipients with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) after January 1, 1997. SMI was defined as a...

Author(s): Geetanjali Chander, YiYi Zhang, Susan dosReis, Donald M. Steinwachs, Daniel E. Ford, Eliseo Guallar and Gail Daumit

Genotypic diversity and mutation profile of HIV-1 strains in antiretroviral treatment (ART) -Naïve Ghanaian patients and implications for antiretroviral treatment (ART)

July 2012

Forty samples collected from HIV-1 AIDS and asymptomatic patients in 2002 and 2003 before the initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART), most in poorly investigated regions of Ghana were retrospectively examined. For baseline data on genetic diversity before therapy, env, gagand pol phylogenetic analysis was generated. pol was further analysed for potential resistance to...

Author(s): James A. M. Brandful, Daniel Candotti and Jean-Pierre Allain

Various neurological manifestations in HIV positive patients, their outcome and its correlation with CD4 counts- A tertiary centre experience in North Indian population

July 2012

The central nervous system (CNS) is among the most frequent and main target of HIV infection in severely immunocompromised patients. Neurological manifestations occur due to either primary pathologic process of HIV or secondary to opportunistic infection. The present study was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of various neurological manifestations in HIV positive patients, correlation of CD4 levels in CNS...

Author(s): M. L. Patel, Rekha Sachan, V. Atam, S. C. Chaudhary and Abhinav Gupta

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