Breast feeding has critical effects on the newborns and either mother’s health. Some of such health-improving effects of the mother’s milk is associated with the beneficial microbes, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which are normally present in the mother’s milk. Thus, human milk-associated lactobacilli were isolated in this study and some of their probiotic properties was investigated. Afterwards, Lactobacillus strains were screened for low pH and bile acids tolerance. Molecular identification was carried out using 16SrDNA and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Antibiotic resistance was evaluated with disk diffusion assay and the inhibitory effect of isolates on pathogenic bacteria was examined with well assay and zone inhibition. Isolation experiments resulted in 122 human milk- associated lactobacilli belonging to 12 species. The most dominant species was Lactobacillus casei followed by Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus gasser, respectively. Screening for probiotic properties showed that 19 isolates, belonging to, Lactobacillus, have interesting probiotic characteristics. The most prevalent antibiotic resistance was observed in case of vancomycin (63.15%) and no drug resistance was detected for chloramphenicol, penicillin, rifampin (0%). Three Lactobacillus strains, designated as L4, L14 and L16, were found as potential probiotic strains since they have indicated promising inhibitory effects against the studied pathogenic bacterial strains. Our results shed light on the considerable diversity of lactobacilli in human breast milk. Furthermore, the candidate probiotic strains detected in this research might be used as potential probiotic strains.
Key words: Breast milk, Lactobacillus, probiotics, inhibitory effect, polymerase chain reaction.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0