An analysis of critical thinking research during 2010 to 2021 was conducted using effect size criteria; subsequently, a model was proposed for teaching and learning management that promoted critical thinking by students at the basic education level using the Thai digital collection data base. Based on a search of past research quality examination criteria were identified using a research quality check form. Out of 200 studies identified, 173 met all criteria that covered 34 universities across Thailand. The most frequently used concepts (38.7%) were from the Watson and Glaser study, followed by the Ennis and Mill man study (16.8%). For the 173 learning management models, the most effective learning management model involved inquiry-based learning (19.5%), followed by problem-based learning (7.2%). The effect size value of the inquiry-based learning was high (2.32). In addition, critical thinking encouraged students at the high school level (effect size 2.37) and elementary level (effect size 2.77), based on these high levels of effect size.
Key words: Critical thinking, research synthesis, students in basic education level.
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