Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 442

Article in Press

Determinants of farmers’ choices of adaptation strategies to climate change: the case of Guangua district of Awi zone, Amhara national regional state, northwestern, Ethiopia.

Ayalnesh Belay, Mohammed Aman, Jamma Haji

  •  Accepted: 09 December 2020
Climate change is aggravates floods, drought, crop pests and diseases which has higher impact on agricultural production. The main objective of study is to assess the determinants of farmers’ choices of adaptation strategies to climate change. Primary and secondary data were used. A Multistage sampling technique was used. The total of 196 sampled households were selected randomly and proportional size to each household of kebeles. This study depends on cross- sectional data that was collected from sampled households from December to January 2019. Descriptive statistics and Multivariate Probit Econometric model were used to analyze the data. Most of farmers’ employed were changing planting date whereas fewer farmers were used improved crop variety as climate change adaptation strategies. Determinants of factors affecting farmers' choices of adaptation strategies were sex, age, formal years of education, family size, landholding, livestock ownership, farm income, off/nonfarm income, credit services, frequency of extension contact, climate information, distance to market, perception and agroecological setting. From this study, it can be concluded that farmers’ choices of adaptation strategies were influenced by socio- demographic and institutional factors. Thus, their choice needs to be supported by institutional services. Moreover, creating adult education opportunities, employment opportunities of off/nonfarm income, offering credit and extension services, giving timely climate information and finally consider each agroecological setting to improve farmers' choices of least adopted climate change adaptation strategies.

Keywords: Adaptation Strategies, Climate Change, Determinant, Ethiopia, Guangua, Multivariate Probit and Perception